diff options
authorDaniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>2015-04-30 04:13:52 +0200
committerHerbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>2015-05-04 17:49:51 +0800
commit7829fb09a2b4268b30dd9bc782fa5ebee278b137 (patch)
parent8c98ebd7a6ff6ef352bb4c5516a8849b40b5ef6b (diff)
lib: make memzero_explicit more robust against dead store elimination
In commit 0b053c951829 ("lib: memzero_explicit: use barrier instead of OPTIMIZER_HIDE_VAR"), we made memzero_explicit() more robust in case LTO would decide to inline memzero_explicit() and eventually find out it could be elimiated as dead store. While using barrier() works well for the case of gcc, recent efforts from LLVMLinux people suggest to use llvm as an alternative to gcc, and there, Stephan found in a simple stand-alone user space example that llvm could nevertheless optimize and thus elimitate the memset(). A similar issue has been observed in the referenced llvm bug report, which is regarded as not-a-bug. Based on some experiments, icc is a bit special on its own, while it doesn't seem to eliminate the memset(), it could do so with an own implementation, and then result in similar findings as with llvm. The fix in this patch now works for all three compilers (also tested with more aggressive optimization levels). Arguably, in the current kernel tree it's more of a theoretical issue, but imho, it's better to be pedantic about it. It's clearly visible with gcc/llvm though, with the below code: if we would have used barrier() only here, llvm would have omitted clearing, not so with barrier_data() variant: static inline void memzero_explicit(void *s, size_t count) { memset(s, 0, count); barrier_data(s); } int main(void) { char buff[20]; memzero_explicit(buff, sizeof(buff)); return 0; } $ gcc -O2 test.c $ gdb a.out (gdb) disassemble main Dump of assembler code for function main: 0x0000000000400400 <+0>: lea -0x28(%rsp),%rax 0x0000000000400405 <+5>: movq $0x0,-0x28(%rsp) 0x000000000040040e <+14>: movq $0x0,-0x20(%rsp) 0x0000000000400417 <+23>: movl $0x0,-0x18(%rsp) 0x000000000040041f <+31>: xor %eax,%eax 0x0000000000400421 <+33>: retq End of assembler dump. $ clang -O2 test.c $ gdb a.out (gdb) disassemble main Dump of assembler code for function main: 0x00000000004004f0 <+0>: xorps %xmm0,%xmm0 0x00000000004004f3 <+3>: movaps %xmm0,-0x18(%rsp) 0x00000000004004f8 <+8>: movl $0x0,-0x8(%rsp) 0x0000000000400500 <+16>: lea -0x18(%rsp),%rax 0x0000000000400505 <+21>: xor %eax,%eax 0x0000000000400507 <+23>: retq End of assembler dump. As gcc, clang, but also icc defines __GNUC__, it's sufficient to define this in compiler-gcc.h only to be picked up. For a fallback or otherwise unsupported compiler, we define it as a barrier. Similarly, for ecc which does not support gcc inline asm. Reference: https://llvm.org/bugs/show_bug.cgi?id=15495 Reported-by: Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de> Tested-by: Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de> Cc: Hannes Frederic Sowa <hannes@stressinduktion.org> Cc: mancha security <mancha1@zoho.com> Cc: Mark Charlebois <charlebm@gmail.com> Cc: Behan Webster <behanw@converseincode.com> Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>
4 files changed, 23 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h b/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h
index cdf13ca7cac3..371e560d13cf 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler-gcc.h
@@ -9,10 +9,24 @@
+ __GNUC_MINOR__ * 100 \
/* Optimization barrier */
/* The "volatile" is due to gcc bugs */
#define barrier() __asm__ __volatile__("": : :"memory")
+ * This version is i.e. to prevent dead stores elimination on @ptr
+ * where gcc and llvm may behave differently when otherwise using
+ * normal barrier(): while gcc behavior gets along with a normal
+ * barrier(), llvm needs an explicit input variable to be assumed
+ * clobbered. The issue is as follows: while the inline asm might
+ * access any memory it wants, the compiler could have fit all of
+ * @ptr into memory registers instead, and since @ptr never escaped
+ * from that, it proofed that the inline asm wasn't touching any of
+ * it. This version works well with both compilers, i.e. we're telling
+ * the compiler that the inline asm absolutely may see the contents
+ * of @ptr. See also: https://llvm.org/bugs/show_bug.cgi?id=15495
+ */
+#define barrier_data(ptr) __asm__ __volatile__("": :"r"(ptr) :"memory")
* This macro obfuscates arithmetic on a variable address so that gcc
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler-intel.h b/include/linux/compiler-intel.h
index ba147a1727e6..0c9a2f2c2802 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler-intel.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler-intel.h
@@ -13,9 +13,12 @@
/* Intel ECC compiler doesn't support gcc specific asm stmts.
* It uses intrinsics to do the equivalent things.
+#undef barrier_data
+#define barrier_data(ptr) barrier()
#define RELOC_HIDE(ptr, off) \
({ unsigned long __ptr; \
__ptr = (unsigned long) (ptr); \
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler.h b/include/linux/compiler.h
index 0e41ca0e5927..867722591be2 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler.h
@@ -169,6 +169,10 @@ void ftrace_likely_update(struct ftrace_branch_data *f, int val, int expect);
# define barrier() __memory_barrier()
+#ifndef barrier_data
+# define barrier_data(ptr) barrier()
/* Unreachable code */
#ifndef unreachable
# define unreachable() do { } while (1)
diff --git a/lib/string.c b/lib/string.c
index a5792019193c..bb3d4b6993c4 100644
--- a/lib/string.c
+++ b/lib/string.c
@@ -607,7 +607,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(memset);
void memzero_explicit(void *s, size_t count)
memset(s, 0, count);
- barrier();
+ barrier_data(s);