aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/samples
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorAlexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>2015-10-20 20:02:35 -0700
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2015-10-22 06:42:15 -0700
commit39111695b1b88a21e81983a38786d877e770da81 (patch)
tree33c57207f5ed18a5408ed9c25ec0ab169ec0fb5d /samples
parenta43eec304259a6c637f4014a6d4767159b6a3aa3 (diff)
downloadleg-kernel-39111695b1b88a21e81983a38786d877e770da81.tar.gz
samples: bpf: add bpf_perf_event_output example
Performance test and example of bpf_perf_event_output(). kprobe is attached to sys_write() and trivial bpf program streams pid+cookie into userspace via PERF_COUNT_SW_BPF_OUTPUT event. Usage: $ sudo ./bld_x64/samples/bpf/trace_output recv 2968913 events per sec Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'samples')
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/Makefile7
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h2
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/trace_output_kern.c31
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/trace_output_user.c196
4 files changed, 236 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/samples/bpf/Makefile b/samples/bpf/Makefile
index 63e7d50e6a4f..b30514514e37 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/Makefile
+++ b/samples/bpf/Makefile
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@ hostprogs-y += tracex3
hostprogs-y += tracex4
hostprogs-y += tracex5
hostprogs-y += tracex6
+hostprogs-y += trace_output
hostprogs-y += lathist
test_verifier-objs := test_verifier.o libbpf.o
@@ -27,6 +28,7 @@ tracex3-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex3_user.o
tracex4-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex4_user.o
tracex5-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex5_user.o
tracex6-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex6_user.o
+trace_output-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o trace_output_user.o
lathist-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o lathist_user.o
# Tell kbuild to always build the programs
@@ -40,6 +42,7 @@ always += tracex3_kern.o
always += tracex4_kern.o
always += tracex5_kern.o
always += tracex6_kern.o
+always += trace_output_kern.o
always += tcbpf1_kern.o
always += lathist_kern.o
@@ -55,6 +58,7 @@ HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex3 += -lelf
HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex4 += -lelf -lrt
HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex5 += -lelf
HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex6 += -lelf
+HOSTLOADLIBES_trace_output += -lelf -lrt
HOSTLOADLIBES_lathist += -lelf
# point this to your LLVM backend with bpf support
@@ -64,3 +68,6 @@ $(obj)/%.o: $(src)/%.c
clang $(NOSTDINC_FLAGS) $(LINUXINCLUDE) $(EXTRA_CFLAGS) \
-D__KERNEL__ -Wno-unused-value -Wno-pointer-sign \
-O2 -emit-llvm -c $< -o -| $(LLC) -march=bpf -filetype=obj -o $@
+ clang $(NOSTDINC_FLAGS) $(LINUXINCLUDE) $(EXTRA_CFLAGS) \
+ -D__KERNEL__ -Wno-unused-value -Wno-pointer-sign \
+ -O2 -emit-llvm -c $< -o -| $(LLC) -march=bpf -filetype=asm -o $@.s
diff --git a/samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h b/samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h
index 21aa1b44c30c..b35c21e0b43f 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h
+++ b/samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h
@@ -37,6 +37,8 @@ static int (*bpf_clone_redirect)(void *ctx, int ifindex, int flags) =
(void *) BPF_FUNC_clone_redirect;
static int (*bpf_redirect)(int ifindex, int flags) =
(void *) BPF_FUNC_redirect;
+static int (*bpf_perf_event_output)(void *ctx, void *map, int index, void *data, int size) =
+ (void *) BPF_FUNC_perf_event_output;
/* llvm builtin functions that eBPF C program may use to
* emit BPF_LD_ABS and BPF_LD_IND instructions
diff --git a/samples/bpf/trace_output_kern.c b/samples/bpf/trace_output_kern.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8d8d1ec429eb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/trace_output_kern.c
@@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
+#include <linux/ptrace.h>
+#include <linux/version.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/bpf.h>
+#include "bpf_helpers.h"
+
+struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") my_map = {
+ .type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERF_EVENT_ARRAY,
+ .key_size = sizeof(int),
+ .value_size = sizeof(u32),
+ .max_entries = 2,
+};
+
+SEC("kprobe/sys_write")
+int bpf_prog1(struct pt_regs *ctx)
+{
+ struct S {
+ u64 pid;
+ u64 cookie;
+ } data;
+
+ memset(&data, 0, sizeof(data));
+ data.pid = bpf_get_current_pid_tgid();
+ data.cookie = 0x12345678;
+
+ bpf_perf_event_output(ctx, &my_map, 0, &data, sizeof(data));
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+char _license[] SEC("license") = "GPL";
+u32 _version SEC("version") = LINUX_VERSION_CODE;
diff --git a/samples/bpf/trace_output_user.c b/samples/bpf/trace_output_user.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..661a7d052f2c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/trace_output_user.c
@@ -0,0 +1,196 @@
+/* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <poll.h>
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <linux/perf_event.h>
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <assert.h>
+#include <sys/syscall.h>
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <time.h>
+#include <signal.h>
+#include "libbpf.h"
+#include "bpf_load.h"
+
+static int pmu_fd;
+
+int page_size;
+int page_cnt = 8;
+volatile struct perf_event_mmap_page *header;
+
+typedef void (*print_fn)(void *data, int size);
+
+static int perf_event_mmap(int fd)
+{
+ void *base;
+ int mmap_size;
+
+ page_size = getpagesize();
+ mmap_size = page_size * (page_cnt + 1);
+
+ base = mmap(NULL, mmap_size, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
+ if (base == MAP_FAILED) {
+ printf("mmap err\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ header = base;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int perf_event_poll(int fd)
+{
+ struct pollfd pfd = { .fd = fd, .events = POLLIN };
+
+ return poll(&pfd, 1, 1000);
+}
+
+struct perf_event_sample {
+ struct perf_event_header header;
+ __u32 size;
+ char data[];
+};
+
+void perf_event_read(print_fn fn)
+{
+ __u64 data_tail = header->data_tail;
+ __u64 data_head = header->data_head;
+ __u64 buffer_size = page_cnt * page_size;
+ void *base, *begin, *end;
+ char buf[256];
+
+ asm volatile("" ::: "memory"); /* in real code it should be smp_rmb() */
+ if (data_head == data_tail)
+ return;
+
+ base = ((char *)header) + page_size;
+
+ begin = base + data_tail % buffer_size;
+ end = base + data_head % buffer_size;
+
+ while (begin != end) {
+ struct perf_event_sample *e;
+
+ e = begin;
+ if (begin + e->header.size > base + buffer_size) {
+ long len = base + buffer_size - begin;
+
+ assert(len < e->header.size);
+ memcpy(buf, begin, len);
+ memcpy(buf + len, base, e->header.size - len);
+ e = (void *) buf;
+ begin = base + e->header.size - len;
+ } else if (begin + e->header.size == base + buffer_size) {
+ begin = base;
+ } else {
+ begin += e->header.size;
+ }
+
+ if (e->header.type == PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE) {
+ fn(e->data, e->size);
+ } else if (e->header.type == PERF_RECORD_LOST) {
+ struct {
+ struct perf_event_header header;
+ __u64 id;
+ __u64 lost;
+ } *lost = (void *) e;
+ printf("lost %lld events\n", lost->lost);
+ } else {
+ printf("unknown event type=%d size=%d\n",
+ e->header.type, e->header.size);
+ }
+ }
+
+ __sync_synchronize(); /* smp_mb() */
+ header->data_tail = data_head;
+}
+
+static __u64 time_get_ns(void)
+{
+ struct timespec ts;
+
+ clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, &ts);
+ return ts.tv_sec * 1000000000ull + ts.tv_nsec;
+}
+
+static __u64 start_time;
+
+#define MAX_CNT 100000ll
+
+static void print_bpf_output(void *data, int size)
+{
+ static __u64 cnt;
+ struct {
+ __u64 pid;
+ __u64 cookie;
+ } *e = data;
+
+ if (e->cookie != 0x12345678) {
+ printf("BUG pid %llx cookie %llx sized %d\n",
+ e->pid, e->cookie, size);
+ kill(0, SIGINT);
+ }
+
+ cnt++;
+
+ if (cnt == MAX_CNT) {
+ printf("recv %lld events per sec\n",
+ MAX_CNT * 1000000000ll / (time_get_ns() - start_time));
+ kill(0, SIGINT);
+ }
+}
+
+static void test_bpf_perf_event(void)
+{
+ struct perf_event_attr attr = {
+ .sample_type = PERF_SAMPLE_RAW,
+ .type = PERF_TYPE_SOFTWARE,
+ .config = PERF_COUNT_SW_BPF_OUTPUT,
+ };
+ int key = 0;
+
+ pmu_fd = perf_event_open(&attr, -1/*pid*/, 0/*cpu*/, -1/*group_fd*/, 0);
+
+ assert(pmu_fd >= 0);
+ assert(bpf_update_elem(map_fd[0], &key, &pmu_fd, BPF_ANY) == 0);
+ ioctl(pmu_fd, PERF_EVENT_IOC_ENABLE, 0);
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ char filename[256];
+ FILE *f;
+
+ snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s_kern.o", argv[0]);
+
+ if (load_bpf_file(filename)) {
+ printf("%s", bpf_log_buf);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ test_bpf_perf_event();
+
+ if (perf_event_mmap(pmu_fd) < 0)
+ return 1;
+
+ f = popen("taskset 1 dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/null", "r");
+ (void) f;
+
+ start_time = time_get_ns();
+ for (;;) {
+ perf_event_poll(pmu_fd);
+ perf_event_read(print_bpf_output);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}