diff options
authorHelge Deller <deller@gmx.de>2016-06-04 17:21:33 +0200
committerHelge Deller <deller@gmx.de>2016-06-05 08:48:24 +0200
commit8b78f260887df532da529f225c49195d18fef36b (patch)
parent0032c08833ab7c7861d12eb35da26dce85f3e229 (diff)
parisc: Fix pagefault crash in unaligned __get_user() call
One of the debian buildd servers had this crash in the syslog without any other information: Unaligned handler failed, ret = -2 clock_adjtime (pid 22578): Unaligned data reference (code 28) CPU: 1 PID: 22578 Comm: clock_adjtime Tainted: G E 4.5.0-2-parisc64-smp #1 Debian 4.5.4-1 task: 000000007d9960f8 ti: 00000001bde7c000 task.ti: 00000001bde7c000 YZrvWESTHLNXBCVMcbcbcbcbOGFRQPDI PSW: 00001000000001001111100000001111 Tainted: G E r00-03 000000ff0804f80f 00000001bde7c2b0 00000000402d2be8 00000001bde7c2b0 r04-07 00000000409e1fd0 00000000fa6f7fff 00000001bde7c148 00000000fa6f7fff r08-11 0000000000000000 00000000ffffffff 00000000fac9bb7b 000000000002b4d4 r12-15 000000000015241c 000000000015242c 000000000000002d 00000000fac9bb7b r16-19 0000000000028800 0000000000000001 0000000000000070 00000001bde7c218 r20-23 0000000000000000 00000001bde7c210 0000000000000002 0000000000000000 r24-27 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 00000001bde7c148 00000000409e1fd0 r28-31 0000000000000001 00000001bde7c320 00000001bde7c350 00000001bde7c218 sr00-03 0000000001200000 0000000001200000 0000000000000000 0000000001200000 sr04-07 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 IASQ: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 IAOQ: 00000000402d2e84 00000000402d2e88 IIR: 0ca0d089 ISR: 0000000001200000 IOR: 00000000fa6f7fff CPU: 1 CR30: 00000001bde7c000 CR31: ffffffffffffffff ORIG_R28: 00000002369fe628 IAOQ[0]: compat_get_timex+0x2dc/0x3c0 IAOQ[1]: compat_get_timex+0x2e0/0x3c0 RP(r2): compat_get_timex+0x40/0x3c0 Backtrace: [<00000000402d4608>] compat_SyS_clock_adjtime+0x40/0xc0 [<0000000040205024>] syscall_exit+0x0/0x14 This means the userspace program clock_adjtime called the clock_adjtime() syscall and then crashed inside the compat_get_timex() function. Syscalls should never crash programs, but instead return EFAULT. The IIR register contains the executed instruction, which disassebles into "ldw 0(sr3,r5),r9". This load-word instruction is part of __get_user() which tried to read the word at %r5/IOR (0xfa6f7fff). This means the unaligned handler jumped in. The unaligned handler is able to emulate all ldw instructions, but it fails if it fails to read the source e.g. because of page fault. The following program reproduces the problem: #define _GNU_SOURCE #include <unistd.h> #include <sys/syscall.h> #include <sys/mman.h> int main(void) { /* allocate 8k */ char *ptr = mmap(NULL, 2*4096, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0); /* free second half (upper 4k) and make it invalid. */ munmap(ptr+4096, 4096); /* syscall where first int is unaligned and clobbers into invalid memory region */ /* syscall should return EFAULT */ return syscall(__NR_clock_adjtime, 0, ptr+4095); } To fix this issue we simply need to check if the faulting instruction address is in the exception fixup table when the unaligned handler failed. If it is, call the fixup routine instead of crashing. While looking at the unaligned handler I found another issue as well: The target register should not be modified if the handler was unsuccessful. Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
1 files changed, 9 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/arch/parisc/kernel/unaligned.c b/arch/parisc/kernel/unaligned.c
index d7c0acb35ec2..8d49614d600d 100644
--- a/arch/parisc/kernel/unaligned.c
+++ b/arch/parisc/kernel/unaligned.c
@@ -666,7 +666,7 @@ void handle_unaligned(struct pt_regs *regs)
- if (modify && R1(regs->iir))
+ if (ret == 0 && modify && R1(regs->iir))
regs->gr[R1(regs->iir)] = newbase;
@@ -677,6 +677,14 @@ void handle_unaligned(struct pt_regs *regs)
if (ret)
+ /*
+ * The unaligned handler failed.
+ * If we were called by __get_user() or __put_user() jump
+ * to it's exception fixup handler instead of crashing.
+ */
+ if (!user_mode(regs) && fixup_exception(regs))
+ return;
printk(KERN_CRIT "Unaligned handler failed, ret = %d\n", ret);
die_if_kernel("Unaligned data reference", regs, 28);