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authorJeenu Viswambharan <jeenu.viswambharan@arm.com>2014-03-13 11:16:25 +0000
committerDan Handley <dan.handley@arm.com>2014-03-20 11:16:23 +0000
commit82a0aca05394343407f7f12ff454ac9e8cdfcba6 (patch)
treea09766594da8715faa088af02621be9fe5a799b8 /lib
parent9f98aa1a7e33dd55851fd4feec0de9b40b6d9f10 (diff)
downloadarm-trusted-firmware-82a0aca05394343407f7f12ff454ac9e8cdfcba6.tar.gz
Rework bakery lock with WFE/SEV sequence
Current implementation of Bakery Lock does tight-loop waiting upon lock contention. This commit reworks the implementation to use WFE instruction for waiting, and SEV to signal lock availability. It also adds the rationale for choosing Bakery Locks instead of exclusion primitives, and more comments for the lock algorithm. Fixes ARM-software/tf-issue#67 Change-Id: Ie351d3dbb27ec8e64dbc9507c84af07bd385a7df Co-authored-by: Vikram Kanigiri <vikram.kanigiri@arm.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'lib')
-rw-r--r--lib/sync/locks/bakery/bakery_lock.c162
1 files changed, 130 insertions, 32 deletions
diff --git a/lib/sync/locks/bakery/bakery_lock.c b/lib/sync/locks/bakery/bakery_lock.c
index 444b6a1..ec08135 100644
--- a/lib/sync/locks/bakery/bakery_lock.c
+++ b/lib/sync/locks/bakery/bakery_lock.c
@@ -32,64 +32,162 @@
#include <string.h>
#include <bakery_lock.h>
+#include <arch_helpers.h>
+
+/*
+ * Functions in this file implement Bakery Algorithm for mutual exclusion.
+ *
+ * ARM architecture offers a family of exclusive access instructions to
+ * efficiently implement mutual exclusion with hardware support. However, as
+ * well as depending on external hardware, the these instructions have defined
+ * behavior only on certain memory types (cacheable and Normal memory in
+ * particular; see ARMv8 Architecture Reference Manual section B2.10). Use cases
+ * in trusted firmware are such that mutual exclusion implementation cannot
+ * expect that accesses to the lock have the specific type required by the
+ * architecture for these primitives to function (for example, not all
+ * contenders may have address translation enabled).
+ *
+ * This implementation does not use mutual exclusion primitives. It expects
+ * memory regions where the locks reside to be fully ordered and coherent
+ * (either by disabling address translation, or by assigning proper attributes
+ * when translation is enabled).
+ *
+ * Note that the ARM architecture guarantees single-copy atomicity for aligned
+ * accesses regardless of status of address translation.
+ */
#define assert_bakery_entry_valid(entry, bakery) do { \
assert(bakery); \
assert(entry < BAKERY_LOCK_MAX_CPUS); \
} while(0)
+/* Convert a ticket to priority */
+#define PRIORITY(t, pos) (((t) << 8) | (pos))
+
+
+/* Initialize Bakery Lock to reset ownership and all ticket values */
void bakery_lock_init(bakery_lock * bakery)
{
assert(bakery);
+
+ /* All ticket values need to be 0 */
memset(bakery, 0, sizeof(*bakery));
bakery->owner = NO_OWNER;
}
-void bakery_lock_get(unsigned long mpidr, bakery_lock * bakery)
+
+/* Obtain a ticket for a given CPU */
+static unsigned int bakery_get_ticket(bakery_lock *bakery, unsigned int me)
{
- unsigned int i, max = 0, my_full_number, his_full_number, entry;
+ unsigned int my_ticket, their_ticket;
+ unsigned int they;
- entry = platform_get_core_pos(mpidr);
+ /*
+ * Flag that we're busy getting our ticket. All CPUs are iterated in the
+ * order of their ordinal position to decide the maximum ticket value
+ * observed so far. Our priority is set to be greater than the maximum
+ * observed priority
+ *
+ * Note that it's possible that more than one contender gets the same
+ * ticket value. That's OK as the lock is acquired based on the priority
+ * value, not the ticket value alone.
+ */
+ my_ticket = 0;
+ bakery->entering[me] = 1;
+ for (they = 0; they < BAKERY_LOCK_MAX_CPUS; they++) {
+ their_ticket = bakery->number[they];
+ if (their_ticket > my_ticket)
+ my_ticket = their_ticket;
+ }
- assert_bakery_entry_valid(entry, bakery);
+ /*
+ * Compute ticket; then signal to other contenders waiting for us to
+ * finish calculating our ticket value that we're done
+ */
+ ++my_ticket;
+ bakery->number[me] = my_ticket;
+ bakery->entering[me] = 0;
+ sev();
- // Catch recursive attempts to take the lock under the same entry:
- assert(bakery->owner != entry);
+ return my_ticket;
+}
- // Get a ticket
- bakery->entering[entry] = 1;
- for (i = 0; i < BAKERY_LOCK_MAX_CPUS; ++i) {
- if (bakery->number[i] > max) {
- max = bakery->number[i];
- }
- }
- ++max;
- bakery->number[entry] = max;
- bakery->entering[entry] = 0;
-
- // Wait for our turn
- my_full_number = (max << 8) + entry;
- for (i = 0; i < BAKERY_LOCK_MAX_CPUS; ++i) {
- while (bakery->entering[i]) ; /* Wait */
- do {
- his_full_number = bakery->number[i];
- if (his_full_number) {
- his_full_number = (his_full_number << 8) + i;
- }
+
+/*
+ * Acquire bakery lock
+ *
+ * Contending CPUs need first obtain a non-zero ticket and then calculate
+ * priority value. A contending CPU iterate over all other CPUs in the platform,
+ * which may be contending for the same lock, in the order of their ordinal
+ * position (CPU0, CPU1 and so on). A non-contending CPU will have its ticket
+ * (and priority) value as 0. The contending CPU compares its priority with that
+ * of others'. The CPU with the highest priority (lowest numerical value)
+ * acquires the lock
+ */
+void bakery_lock_get(unsigned long mpidr, bakery_lock *bakery)
+{
+ unsigned int they, me;
+ unsigned int my_ticket, my_prio, their_ticket;
+
+ me = platform_get_core_pos(mpidr);
+
+ assert_bakery_entry_valid(me, bakery);
+
+ /* Prevent recursive acquisition */
+ assert(bakery->owner != me);
+
+ /* Get a ticket */
+ my_ticket = bakery_get_ticket(bakery, me);
+
+ /*
+ * Now that we got our ticket, compute our priority value, then compare
+ * with that of others, and proceed to acquire the lock
+ */
+ my_prio = PRIORITY(my_ticket, me);
+ for (they = 0; they < BAKERY_LOCK_MAX_CPUS; they++) {
+ if (me == they)
+ continue;
+
+ /* Wait for the contender to get their ticket */
+ while (bakery->entering[they])
+ wfe();
+
+ /*
+ * If the other party is a contender, they'll have non-zero
+ * (valid) ticket value. If they do, compare priorities
+ */
+ their_ticket = bakery->number[they];
+ if (their_ticket && (PRIORITY(their_ticket, they) < my_prio)) {
+ /*
+ * They have higher priority (lower value). Wait for
+ * their ticket value to change (either release the lock
+ * to have it dropped to 0; or drop and probably content
+ * again for the same lock to have an even higher value)
+ */
+ do {
+ wfe();
+ } while (their_ticket == bakery->number[they]);
}
- while (his_full_number && (his_full_number < my_full_number));
}
- bakery->owner = entry;
+ /* Lock acquired */
+ bakery->owner = me;
}
+
+/* Release the lock and signal contenders */
void bakery_lock_release(unsigned long mpidr, bakery_lock * bakery)
{
- unsigned int entry = platform_get_core_pos(mpidr);
+ unsigned int me = platform_get_core_pos(mpidr);
- assert_bakery_entry_valid(entry, bakery);
- assert(bakery->owner == entry);
+ assert_bakery_entry_valid(me, bakery);
+ assert(bakery->owner == me);
+ /*
+ * Release lock by resetting ownership and ticket. Then signal other
+ * waiting contenders
+ */
bakery->owner = NO_OWNER;
- bakery->number[entry] = 0;
+ bakery->number[me] = 0;
+ sev();
}