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path: root/arch/arm/common/dmabounce.c
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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
/*
 *  arch/arm/common/dmabounce.c
 *
 *  Special dma_{map/unmap/dma_sync}_* routines for systems that have
 *  limited DMA windows. These functions utilize bounce buffers to
 *  copy data to/from buffers located outside the DMA region. This
 *  only works for systems in which DMA memory is at the bottom of
 *  RAM, the remainder of memory is at the top and the DMA memory
 *  can be marked as ZONE_DMA. Anything beyond that such as discontiguous
 *  DMA windows will require custom implementations that reserve memory
 *  areas at early bootup.
 *
 *  Original version by Brad Parker (brad@heeltoe.com)
 *  Re-written by Christopher Hoover <ch@murgatroid.com>
 *  Made generic by Deepak Saxena <dsaxena@plexity.net>
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2002 Hewlett Packard Company.
 *  Copyright (C) 2004 MontaVista Software, Inc.
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/page-flags.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/dma-direct.h>
#include <linux/dma-map-ops.h>
#include <linux/dmapool.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/scatterlist.h>

#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/dma-iommu.h>

#undef STATS

#ifdef STATS
#define DO_STATS(X) do { X ; } while (0)
#else
#define DO_STATS(X) do { } while (0)
#endif

/* ************************************************** */

struct safe_buffer {
	struct list_head node;

	/* original request */
	void		*ptr;
	size_t		size;
	int		direction;

	/* safe buffer info */
	struct dmabounce_pool *pool;
	void		*safe;
	dma_addr_t	safe_dma_addr;
};

struct dmabounce_pool {
	unsigned long	size;
	struct dma_pool	*pool;
#ifdef STATS
	unsigned long	allocs;
#endif
};

struct dmabounce_device_info {
	struct device *dev;
	struct list_head safe_buffers;
#ifdef STATS
	unsigned long total_allocs;
	unsigned long map_op_count;
	unsigned long bounce_count;
	int attr_res;
#endif
	struct dmabounce_pool	small;
	struct dmabounce_pool	large;

	rwlock_t lock;

	int (*needs_bounce)(struct device *, dma_addr_t, size_t);
};

#ifdef STATS
static ssize_t dmabounce_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
			      char *buf)
{
	struct dmabounce_device_info *device_info = dev->archdata.dmabounce;
	return sprintf(buf, "%lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu\n",
		device_info->small.allocs,
		device_info->large.allocs,
		device_info->total_allocs - device_info->small.allocs -
			device_info->large.allocs,
		device_info->total_allocs,
		device_info->map_op_count,
		device_info->bounce_count);
}

static DEVICE_ATTR(dmabounce_stats, 0400, dmabounce_show, NULL);
#endif


/* allocate a 'safe' buffer and keep track of it */
static inline struct safe_buffer *
alloc_safe_buffer(struct dmabounce_device_info *device_info, void *ptr,
		  size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir)
{
	struct safe_buffer *buf;
	struct dmabounce_pool *pool;
	struct device *dev = device_info->dev;
	unsigned long flags;

	dev_dbg(dev, "%s(ptr=%p, size=%d, dir=%d)\n",
		__func__, ptr, size, dir);

	if (size <= device_info->small.size) {
		pool = &device_info->small;
	} else if (size <= device_info->large.size) {
		pool = &device_info->large;
	} else {
		pool = NULL;
	}

	buf = kmalloc(sizeof(struct safe_buffer), GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (buf == NULL) {
		dev_warn(dev, "%s: kmalloc failed\n", __func__);
		return NULL;
	}

	buf->ptr = ptr;
	buf->size = size;
	buf->direction = dir;
	buf->pool = pool;

	if (pool) {
		buf->safe = dma_pool_alloc(pool->pool, GFP_ATOMIC,
					   &buf->safe_dma_addr);
	} else {
		buf->safe = dma_alloc_coherent(dev, size, &buf->safe_dma_addr,
					       GFP_ATOMIC);
	}

	if (buf->safe == NULL) {
		dev_warn(dev,
			 "%s: could not alloc dma memory (size=%d)\n",
			 __func__, size);
		kfree(buf);
		return NULL;
	}

#ifdef STATS
	if (pool)
		pool->allocs++;
	device_info->total_allocs++;
#endif

	write_lock_irqsave(&device_info->lock, flags);
	list_add(&buf->node, &device_info->safe_buffers);
	write_unlock_irqrestore(&device_info->lock, flags);

	return buf;
}

/* determine if a buffer is from our "safe" pool */
static inline struct safe_buffer *
find_safe_buffer(struct dmabounce_device_info *device_info, dma_addr_t safe_dma_addr)
{
	struct safe_buffer *b, *rb = NULL;
	unsigned long flags;

	read_lock_irqsave(&device_info->lock, flags);

	list_for_each_entry(b, &device_info->safe_buffers, node)
		if (b->safe_dma_addr <= safe_dma_addr &&
		    b->safe_dma_addr + b->size > safe_dma_addr) {
			rb = b;
			break;
		}

	read_unlock_irqrestore(&device_info->lock, flags);
	return rb;
}

static inline void
free_safe_buffer(struct dmabounce_device_info *device_info, struct safe_buffer *buf)
{
	unsigned long flags;

	dev_dbg(device_info->dev, "%s(buf=%p)\n", __func__, buf);

	write_lock_irqsave(&device_info->lock, flags);

	list_del(&buf->node);

	write_unlock_irqrestore(&device_info->lock, flags);

	if (buf->pool)
		dma_pool_free(buf->pool->pool, buf->safe, buf->safe_dma_addr);
	else
		dma_free_coherent(device_info->dev, buf->size, buf->safe,
				    buf->safe_dma_addr);

	kfree(buf);
}

/* ************************************************** */

static struct safe_buffer *find_safe_buffer_dev(struct device *dev,
		dma_addr_t dma_addr, const char *where)
{
	if (!dev || !dev->archdata.dmabounce)
		return NULL;
	if (dma_mapping_error(dev, dma_addr)) {
		dev_err(dev, "Trying to %s invalid mapping\n", where);
		return NULL;
	}
	return find_safe_buffer(dev->archdata.dmabounce, dma_addr);
}

static int needs_bounce(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size)
{
	if (!dev || !dev->archdata.dmabounce)
		return 0;

	if (dev->dma_mask) {
		unsigned long limit, mask = *dev->dma_mask;

		limit = (mask + 1) & ~mask;
		if (limit && size > limit) {
			dev_err(dev, "DMA mapping too big (requested %#x "
				"mask %#Lx)\n", size, *dev->dma_mask);
			return -E2BIG;
		}

		/* Figure out if we need to bounce from the DMA mask. */
		if ((dma_addr | (dma_addr + size - 1)) & ~mask)
			return 1;
	}

	return !!dev->archdata.dmabounce->needs_bounce(dev, dma_addr, size);
}

static inline dma_addr_t map_single(struct device *dev, void *ptr, size_t size,
				    enum dma_data_direction dir,
				    unsigned long attrs)
{
	struct dmabounce_device_info *device_info = dev->archdata.dmabounce;
	struct safe_buffer *buf;

	if (device_info)
		DO_STATS ( device_info->map_op_count++ );

	buf = alloc_safe_buffer(device_info, ptr, size, dir);
	if (buf == NULL) {
		dev_err(dev, "%s: unable to map unsafe buffer %p!\n",
		       __func__, ptr);
		return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
	}

	dev_dbg(dev, "%s: unsafe buffer %p (dma=%#x) mapped to %p (dma=%#x)\n",
		__func__, buf->ptr, phys_to_dma(dev, virt_to_phys(buf->ptr)),
		buf->safe, buf->safe_dma_addr);

	if ((dir == DMA_TO_DEVICE || dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL) &&
	    !(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC)) {
		dev_dbg(dev, "%s: copy unsafe %p to safe %p, size %d\n",
			__func__, ptr, buf->safe, size);
		memcpy(buf->safe, ptr, size);
	}

	return buf->safe_dma_addr;
}

static inline void unmap_single(struct device *dev, struct safe_buffer *buf,
				size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
				unsigned long attrs)
{
	BUG_ON(buf->size != size);
	BUG_ON(buf->direction != dir);

	dev_dbg(dev, "%s: unsafe buffer %p (dma=%#x) mapped to %p (dma=%#x)\n",
		__func__, buf->ptr, phys_to_dma(dev, virt_to_phys(buf->ptr)),
		buf->safe, buf->safe_dma_addr);

	DO_STATS(dev->archdata.dmabounce->bounce_count++);

	if ((dir == DMA_FROM_DEVICE || dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL) &&
	    !(attrs & DMA_ATTR_SKIP_CPU_SYNC)) {
		void *ptr = buf->ptr;

		dev_dbg(dev, "%s: copy back safe %p to unsafe %p size %d\n",
			__func__, buf->safe, ptr, size);
		memcpy(ptr, buf->safe, size);

		/*
		 * Since we may have written to a page cache page,
		 * we need to ensure that the data will be coherent
		 * with user mappings.
		 */
		__cpuc_flush_dcache_area(ptr, size);
	}
	free_safe_buffer(dev->archdata.dmabounce, buf);
}

/* ************************************************** */

/*
 * see if a buffer address is in an 'unsafe' range.  if it is
 * allocate a 'safe' buffer and copy the unsafe buffer into it.
 * substitute the safe buffer for the unsafe one.
 * (basically move the buffer from an unsafe area to a safe one)
 */
static dma_addr_t dmabounce_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page,
		unsigned long offset, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
		unsigned long attrs)
{
	dma_addr_t dma_addr;
	int ret;

	dev_dbg(dev, "%s(page=%p,off=%#lx,size=%zx,dir=%x)\n",
		__func__, page, offset, size, dir);

	dma_addr = phys_to_dma(dev, page_to_phys(page)) + offset;

	ret = needs_bounce(dev, dma_addr, size);
	if (ret < 0)
		return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;

	if (ret == 0) {
		arm_dma_ops.sync_single_for_device(dev, dma_addr, size, dir);
		return dma_addr;
	}

	if (PageHighMem(page)) {
		dev_err(dev, "DMA buffer bouncing of HIGHMEM pages is not supported\n");
		return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
	}

	return map_single(dev, page_address(page) + offset, size, dir, attrs);
}

/*
 * see if a mapped address was really a "safe" buffer and if so, copy
 * the data from the safe buffer back to the unsafe buffer and free up
 * the safe buffer.  (basically return things back to the way they
 * should be)
 */
static void dmabounce_unmap_page(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr, size_t size,
		enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs)
{
	struct safe_buffer *buf;

	dev_dbg(dev, "%s(dma=%#x,size=%d,dir=%x)\n",
		__func__, dma_addr, size, dir);

	buf = find_safe_buffer_dev(dev, dma_addr, __func__);
	if (!buf) {
		arm_dma_ops.sync_single_for_cpu(dev, dma_addr, size, dir);
		return;
	}

	unmap_single(dev, buf, size, dir, attrs);
}

static int __dmabounce_sync_for_cpu(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr,
		size_t sz, enum dma_data_direction dir)
{
	struct safe_buffer *buf;
	unsigned long off;

	dev_dbg(dev, "%s(dma=%#x,sz=%zx,dir=%x)\n",
		__func__, addr, sz, dir);

	buf = find_safe_buffer_dev(dev, addr, __func__);
	if (!buf)
		return 1;

	off = addr - buf->safe_dma_addr;

	BUG_ON(buf->direction != dir);

	dev_dbg(dev, "%s: unsafe buffer %p (dma=%#x off=%#lx) mapped to %p (dma=%#x)\n",
		__func__, buf->ptr, phys_to_dma(dev, virt_to_phys(buf->ptr)),
		off, buf->safe, buf->safe_dma_addr);

	DO_STATS(dev->archdata.dmabounce->bounce_count++);

	if (dir == DMA_FROM_DEVICE || dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL) {
		dev_dbg(dev, "%s: copy back safe %p to unsafe %p size %d\n",
			__func__, buf->safe + off, buf->ptr + off, sz);
		memcpy(buf->ptr + off, buf->safe + off, sz);
	}
	return 0;
}

static void dmabounce_sync_for_cpu(struct device *dev,
		dma_addr_t handle, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir)
{
	if (!__dmabounce_sync_for_cpu(dev, handle, size, dir))
		return;

	arm_dma_ops.sync_single_for_cpu(dev, handle, size, dir);
}

static int __dmabounce_sync_for_device(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr,
		size_t sz, enum dma_data_direction dir)
{
	struct safe_buffer *buf;
	unsigned long off;

	dev_dbg(dev, "%s(dma=%#x,sz=%zx,dir=%x)\n",
		__func__, addr, sz, dir);

	buf = find_safe_buffer_dev(dev, addr, __func__);
	if (!buf)
		return 1;

	off = addr - buf->safe_dma_addr;

	BUG_ON(buf->direction != dir);

	dev_dbg(dev, "%s: unsafe buffer %p (dma=%#x off=%#lx) mapped to %p (dma=%#x)\n",
		__func__, buf->ptr, phys_to_dma(dev, virt_to_phys(buf->ptr)),
		off, buf->safe, buf->safe_dma_addr);

	DO_STATS(dev->archdata.dmabounce->bounce_count++);

	if (dir == DMA_TO_DEVICE || dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL) {
		dev_dbg(dev, "%s: copy out unsafe %p to safe %p, size %d\n",
			__func__,buf->ptr + off, buf->safe + off, sz);
		memcpy(buf->safe + off, buf->ptr + off, sz);
	}
	return 0;
}

static void dmabounce_sync_for_device(struct device *dev,
		dma_addr_t handle, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir)
{
	if (!__dmabounce_sync_for_device(dev, handle, size, dir))
		return;

	arm_dma_ops.sync_single_for_device(dev, handle, size, dir);
}

static int dmabounce_dma_supported(struct device *dev, u64 dma_mask)
{
	if (dev->archdata.dmabounce)
		return 0;

	return arm_dma_ops.dma_supported(dev, dma_mask);
}

static const struct dma_map_ops dmabounce_ops = {
	.alloc			= arm_dma_alloc,
	.free			= arm_dma_free,
	.mmap			= arm_dma_mmap,
	.get_sgtable		= arm_dma_get_sgtable,
	.map_page		= dmabounce_map_page,
	.unmap_page		= dmabounce_unmap_page,
	.sync_single_for_cpu	= dmabounce_sync_for_cpu,
	.sync_single_for_device	= dmabounce_sync_for_device,
	.map_sg			= arm_dma_map_sg,
	.unmap_sg		= arm_dma_unmap_sg,
	.sync_sg_for_cpu	= arm_dma_sync_sg_for_cpu,
	.sync_sg_for_device	= arm_dma_sync_sg_for_device,
	.dma_supported		= dmabounce_dma_supported,
};

static int dmabounce_init_pool(struct dmabounce_pool *pool, struct device *dev,
		const char *name, unsigned long size)
{
	pool->size = size;
	DO_STATS(pool->allocs = 0);
	pool->pool = dma_pool_create(name, dev, size,
				     0 /* byte alignment */,
				     0 /* no page-crossing issues */);

	return pool->pool ? 0 : -ENOMEM;
}

int dmabounce_register_dev(struct device *dev, unsigned long small_buffer_size,
		unsigned long large_buffer_size,
		int (*needs_bounce_fn)(struct device *, dma_addr_t, size_t))
{
	struct dmabounce_device_info *device_info;
	int ret;

	device_info = kmalloc(sizeof(struct dmabounce_device_info), GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!device_info) {
		dev_err(dev,
			"Could not allocated dmabounce_device_info\n");
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	ret = dmabounce_init_pool(&device_info->small, dev,
				  "small_dmabounce_pool", small_buffer_size);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(dev,
			"dmabounce: could not allocate DMA pool for %ld byte objects\n",
			small_buffer_size);
		goto err_free;
	}

	if (large_buffer_size) {
		ret = dmabounce_init_pool(&device_info->large, dev,
					  "large_dmabounce_pool",
					  large_buffer_size);
		if (ret) {
			dev_err(dev,
				"dmabounce: could not allocate DMA pool for %ld byte objects\n",
				large_buffer_size);
			goto err_destroy;
		}
	}

	device_info->dev = dev;
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&device_info->safe_buffers);
	rwlock_init(&device_info->lock);
	device_info->needs_bounce = needs_bounce_fn;

#ifdef STATS
	device_info->total_allocs = 0;
	device_info->map_op_count = 0;
	device_info->bounce_count = 0;
	device_info->attr_res = device_create_file(dev, &dev_attr_dmabounce_stats);
#endif

	dev->archdata.dmabounce = device_info;
	set_dma_ops(dev, &dmabounce_ops);

	dev_info(dev, "dmabounce: registered device\n");

	return 0;

 err_destroy:
	dma_pool_destroy(device_info->small.pool);
 err_free:
	kfree(device_info);
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dmabounce_register_dev);

void dmabounce_unregister_dev(struct device *dev)
{
	struct dmabounce_device_info *device_info = dev->archdata.dmabounce;

	dev->archdata.dmabounce = NULL;
	set_dma_ops(dev, NULL);

	if (!device_info) {
		dev_warn(dev,
			 "Never registered with dmabounce but attempting"
			 "to unregister!\n");
		return;
	}

	if (!list_empty(&device_info->safe_buffers)) {
		dev_err(dev,
			"Removing from dmabounce with pending buffers!\n");
		BUG();
	}

	if (device_info->small.pool)
		dma_pool_destroy(device_info->small.pool);
	if (device_info->large.pool)
		dma_pool_destroy(device_info->large.pool);

#ifdef STATS
	if (device_info->attr_res == 0)
		device_remove_file(dev, &dev_attr_dmabounce_stats);
#endif

	kfree(device_info);

	dev_info(dev, "dmabounce: device unregistered\n");
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dmabounce_unregister_dev);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Christopher Hoover <ch@hpl.hp.com>, Deepak Saxena <dsaxena@plexity.net>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Special dma_{map/unmap/dma_sync}_* routines for systems with limited DMA windows");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");