path: root/mm
AgeCommit message (Collapse)Author
2018-09-20mm: slowly shrink slabs with a relatively small number of objectsRoman Gushchin
9092c71bb724 ("mm: use sc->priority for slab shrink targets") changed the way that the target slab pressure is calculated and made it priority-based: delta = freeable >> priority; delta *= 4; do_div(delta, shrinker->seeks); The problem is that on a default priority (which is 12) no pressure is applied at all, if the number of potentially reclaimable objects is less than 4096 (1<<12). This causes the last objects on slab caches of no longer used cgroups to (almost) never get reclaimed. It's obviously a waste of memory. It can be especially painful, if these stale objects are holding a reference to a dying cgroup. Slab LRU lists are reparented on memcg offlining, but corresponding objects are still holding a reference to the dying cgroup. If we don't scan these objects, the dying cgroup can't go away. Most likely, the parent cgroup hasn't any directly charged objects, only remaining objects from dying children cgroups. So it can easily hold a reference to hundreds of dying cgroups. If there are no big spikes in memory pressure, and new memory cgroups are created and destroyed periodically, this causes the number of dying cgroups grow steadily, causing a slow-ish and hard-to-detect memory "leak". It's not a real leak, as the memory can be eventually reclaimed, but it could not happen in a real life at all. I've seen hosts with a steadily climbing number of dying cgroups, which doesn't show any signs of a decline in months, despite the host is loaded with a production workload. It is an obvious waste of memory, and to prevent it, let's apply a minimal pressure even on small shrinker lists. E.g. if there are freeable objects, let's scan at least min(freeable, scan_batch) objects. This fix significantly improves a chance of a dying cgroup to be reclaimed, and together with some previous patches stops the steady growth of the dying cgroups number on some of our hosts. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180905230759.12236-1-guro@fb.com Fixes: 9092c71bb724 ("mm: use sc->priority for slab shrink targets") Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com> Cc: Josef Bacik <jbacik@fb.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2018-09-20mm: shmem.c: Correctly annotate new inodes for lockdepJoel Fernandes (Google)
Directories and inodes don't necessarily need to be in the same lockdep class. For ex, hugetlbfs splits them out too to prevent false positives in lockdep. Annotate correctly after new inode creation. If its a directory inode, it will be put into a different class. This should fix a lockdep splat reported by syzbot: > ====================================================== > WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected > 4.18.0-rc8-next-20180810+ #36 Not tainted > ------------------------------------------------------ > syz-executor900/4483 is trying to acquire lock: > 00000000d2bfc8fe (&sb->s_type->i_mutex_key#9){++++}, at: inode_lock > include/linux/fs.h:765 [inline] > 00000000d2bfc8fe (&sb->s_type->i_mutex_key#9){++++}, at: > shmem_fallocate+0x18b/0x12e0 mm/shmem.c:2602 > > but task is already holding lock: > 0000000025208078 (ashmem_mutex){+.+.}, at: ashmem_shrink_scan+0xb4/0x630 > drivers/staging/android/ashmem.c:448 > > which lock already depends on the new lock. > > -> #2 (ashmem_mutex){+.+.}: > __mutex_lock_common kernel/locking/mutex.c:925 [inline] > __mutex_lock+0x171/0x1700 kernel/locking/mutex.c:1073 > mutex_lock_nested+0x16/0x20 kernel/locking/mutex.c:1088 > ashmem_mmap+0x55/0x520 drivers/staging/android/ashmem.c:361 > call_mmap include/linux/fs.h:1844 [inline] > mmap_region+0xf27/0x1c50 mm/mmap.c:1762 > do_mmap+0xa10/0x1220 mm/mmap.c:1535 > do_mmap_pgoff include/linux/mm.h:2298 [inline] > vm_mmap_pgoff+0x213/0x2c0 mm/util.c:357 > ksys_mmap_pgoff+0x4da/0x660 mm/mmap.c:1585 > __do_sys_mmap arch/x86/kernel/sys_x86_64.c:100 [inline] > __se_sys_mmap arch/x86/kernel/sys_x86_64.c:91 [inline] > __x64_sys_mmap+0xe9/0x1b0 arch/x86/kernel/sys_x86_64.c:91 > do_syscall_64+0x1b9/0x820 arch/x86/entry/common.c:290 > entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe > > -> #1 (&mm->mmap_sem){++++}: > __might_fault+0x155/0x1e0 mm/memory.c:4568 > _copy_to_user+0x30/0x110 lib/usercopy.c:25 > copy_to_user include/linux/uaccess.h:155 [inline] > filldir+0x1ea/0x3a0 fs/readdir.c:196 > dir_emit_dot include/linux/fs.h:3464 [inline] > dir_emit_dots include/linux/fs.h:3475 [inline] > dcache_readdir+0x13a/0x620 fs/libfs.c:193 > iterate_dir+0x48b/0x5d0 fs/readdir.c:51 > __do_sys_getdents fs/readdir.c:231 [inline] > __se_sys_getdents fs/readdir.c:212 [inline] > __x64_sys_getdents+0x29f/0x510 fs/readdir.c:212 > do_syscall_64+0x1b9/0x820 arch/x86/entry/common.c:290 > entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe > > -> #0 (&sb->s_type->i_mutex_key#9){++++}: > lock_acquire+0x1e4/0x540 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3924 > down_write+0x8f/0x130 kernel/locking/rwsem.c:70 > inode_lock include/linux/fs.h:765 [inline] > shmem_fallocate+0x18b/0x12e0 mm/shmem.c:2602 > ashmem_shrink_scan+0x236/0x630 drivers/staging/android/ashmem.c:455 > ashmem_ioctl+0x3ae/0x13a0 drivers/staging/android/ashmem.c:797 > vfs_ioctl fs/ioctl.c:46 [inline] > file_ioctl fs/ioctl.c:501 [inline] > do_vfs_ioctl+0x1de/0x1720 fs/ioctl.c:685 > ksys_ioctl+0xa9/0xd0 fs/ioctl.c:702 > __do_sys_ioctl fs/ioctl.c:709 [inline] > __se_sys_ioctl fs/ioctl.c:707 [inline] > __x64_sys_ioctl+0x73/0xb0 fs/ioctl.c:707 > do_syscall_64+0x1b9/0x820 arch/x86/entry/common.c:290 > entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe > > other info that might help us debug this: > > Chain exists of: > &sb->s_type->i_mutex_key#9 --> &mm->mmap_sem --> ashmem_mutex > > Possible unsafe locking scenario: > > CPU0 CPU1 > ---- ---- > lock(ashmem_mutex); > lock(&mm->mmap_sem); > lock(ashmem_mutex); > lock(&sb->s_type->i_mutex_key#9); > > *** DEADLOCK *** > > 1 lock held by syz-executor900/4483: > #0: 0000000025208078 (ashmem_mutex){+.+.}, at: > ashmem_shrink_scan+0xb4/0x630 drivers/staging/android/ashmem.c:448 Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180821231835.166639-1-joel@joelfernandes.org Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org> Reported-by: syzbot <syzkaller@googlegroups.com> Reviewed-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.com> Suggested-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.com> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2018-09-20mm: disable deferred struct page for 32-bit archesPasha Tatashin
Deferred struct page init is needed only on systems with large amount of physical memory to improve boot performance. 32-bit systems do not benefit from this feature. Jiri reported a problem where deferred struct pages do not work well with x86-32: [ 0.035162] Dentry cache hash table entries: 131072 (order: 7, 524288 bytes) [ 0.035725] Inode-cache hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6, 262144 bytes) [ 0.036269] Initializing CPU#0 [ 0.036513] Initializing HighMem for node 0 (00036ffe:0007ffe0) [ 0.038459] page:f6780000 is uninitialized and poisoned [ 0.038460] raw: ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff ffffffff [ 0.039509] page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(1 && PageCompound(page)) [ 0.040038] ------------[ cut here ]------------ [ 0.040399] kernel BUG at include/linux/page-flags.h:293! [ 0.040823] invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI [ 0.041166] CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper Not tainted 4.19.0-rc1_pt_jiri #9 [ 0.041694] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.11.0-20171110_100015-anatol 04/01/2014 [ 0.042496] EIP: free_highmem_page+0x64/0x80 [ 0.042839] Code: 13 46 d8 c1 e8 18 5d 83 e0 03 8d 04 c0 c1 e0 06 ff 80 ec 5f 44 d8 c3 8d b4 26 00 00 00 00 ba 08 65 28 d8 89 d8 e8 fc 71 02 00 <0f> 0b 8d 76 00 8d bc 27 00 00 00 00 ba d0 b1 26 d8 89 d8 e8 e4 71 [ 0.044338] EAX: 0000003c EBX: f6780000 ECX: 00000000 EDX: d856cbe8 [ 0.044868] ESI: 0007ffe0 EDI: d838df20 EBP: d838df00 ESP: d838defc [ 0.045372] DS: 007b ES: 007b FS: 00d8 GS: 00e0 SS: 0068 EFLAGS: 00210086 [ 0.045913] CR0: 80050033 CR2: 00000000 CR3: 18556000 CR4: 00040690 [ 0.046413] DR0: 00000000 DR1: 00000000 DR2: 00000000 DR3: 00000000 [ 0.046913] DR6: fffe0ff0 DR7: 00000400 [ 0.047220] Call Trace: [ 0.047419] add_highpages_with_active_regions+0xbd/0x10d [ 0.047854] set_highmem_pages_init+0x5b/0x71 [ 0.048202] mem_init+0x2b/0x1e8 [ 0.048460] start_kernel+0x1d2/0x425 [ 0.048757] i386_start_kernel+0x93/0x97 [ 0.049073] startup_32_smp+0x164/0x168 [ 0.049379] Modules linked in: [ 0.049626] ---[ end trace 337949378db0abbb ]--- We free highmem pages before their struct pages are initialized: mem_init() set_highmem_pages_init() add_highpages_with_active_regions() free_highmem_page() .. Access uninitialized struct page here.. Because there is no reason to have this feature on 32-bit systems, just disable it. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180831150506.31246-1-pavel.tatashin@microsoft.com Fixes: 2e3ca40f03bb ("mm: relax deferred struct page requirements") Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pavel.tatashin@microsoft.com> Reported-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2018-09-13Merge tag 'ovl-fixes-4.19-rc4' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mszeredi/vfs Pull overlayfs fixes from Miklos Szeredi: "This fixes a regression in the recent file stacking update, reported and fixed by Amir Goldstein. The fix is fairly trivial, but involves adding a fadvise() f_op and the associated churn in the vfs. As discussed on -fsdevel, there are other possible uses for this method, than allowing proper stacking for overlays. And there's one other fix for a syzkaller detected oops" * tag 'ovl-fixes-4.19-rc4' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mszeredi/vfs: ovl: fix oopses in ovl_fill_super() failure paths ovl: add ovl_fadvise() vfs: implement readahead(2) using POSIX_FADV_WILLNEED vfs: add the fadvise() file operation Documentation/filesystems: update documentation of file_operations ovl: fix GPF in swapfile_activate of file from overlayfs over xfs ovl: respect FIEMAP_FLAG_SYNC flag
2018-09-13mm: get rid of vmacache_flush_all() entirelyLinus Torvalds
Jann Horn points out that the vmacache_flush_all() function is not only potentially expensive, it's buggy too. It also happens to be entirely unnecessary, because the sequence number overflow case can be avoided by simply making the sequence number be 64-bit. That doesn't even grow the data structures in question, because the other adjacent fields are already 64-bit. So simplify the whole thing by just making the sequence number overflow case go away entirely, which gets rid of all the complications and makes the code faster too. Win-win. [ Oleg Nesterov points out that the VMACACHE_FULL_FLUSHES statistics also just goes away entirely with this ] Reported-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> Suggested-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: stable@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-09-06Merge tag 'for-linus-20180906' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds
Pull block fixes from Jens Axboe: "Small collection of fixes that should go into this release. This contains: - Small series that fixes a race between blkcg teardown and writeback (Dennis Zhou) - Fix disallowing invalid block size settings from the nbd ioctl (me) - BFQ fix for a use-after-free on last release of a bfqg (Konstantin Khlebnikov) - Fix for the "don't warn for flush" fix (Mikulas)" * tag 'for-linus-20180906' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: block: bfq: swap puts in bfqg_and_blkg_put block: don't warn when doing fsync on read-only devices nbd: don't allow invalid blocksize settings blkcg: use tryget logic when associating a blkg with a bio blkcg: delay blkg destruction until after writeback has finished Revert "blk-throttle: fix race between blkcg_bio_issue_check() and cgroup_rmdir()"
2018-09-04mm: fix BUG_ON() in vmf_insert_pfn_pud() from VM_MIXEDMAP removalDave Jiang
It looks like I missed the PUD path when doing VM_MIXEDMAP removal. This can be triggered by: 1. Boot with memmap=4G!8G 2. build ndctl with destructive flag on 3. make TESTS=device-dax check [ +0.000675] kernel BUG at mm/huge_memory.c:824! Applying the same change that was applied to vmf_insert_pfn_pmd() in the original patch. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/153565957352.35524.1005746906902065126.stgit@djiang5-desk3.ch.intel.com Fixes: e1fb4a08649 ("dax: remove VM_MIXEDMAP for fsdax and device dax") Signed-off-by: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com> Reported-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Tested-by: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com> Acked-by: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-09-04mm/hugetlb: filter out hugetlb pages if HUGEPAGE migration is not supported.Aneesh Kumar K.V
When scanning for movable pages, filter out Hugetlb pages if hugepage migration is not supported. Without this we hit infinte loop in __offline_pages() where we do pfn = scan_movable_pages(start_pfn, end_pfn); if (pfn) { /* We have movable pages */ ret = do_migrate_range(pfn, end_pfn); goto repeat; } Fix this by checking hugepage_migration_supported both in has_unmovable_pages which is the primary backoff mechanism for page offlining and for consistency reasons also into scan_movable_pages because it doesn't make any sense to return a pfn to non-migrateable huge page. This issue was revealed by, but not caused by 72b39cfc4d75 ("mm, memory_hotplug: do not fail offlining too early"). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180824063314.21981-1-aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com Fixes: 72b39cfc4d75 ("mm, memory_hotplug: do not fail offlining too early") Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com> Reported-by: Haren Myneni <haren@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Reviewed-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-09-04mm/util.c: improve kvfree() kerneldocAndrew Morton
Scooped from an email from Matthew. Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-09-04kmemleak: always register debugfs fileVincent Whitchurch
If kmemleak built in to the kernel, but is disabled by default, the debugfs file is never registered. Because of this, it is not possible to find out if the kernel is built with kmemleak support by checking for the presence of this file. To allow this, always register the file. After this patch, if the file doesn't exist, kmemleak is not available in the kernel. If writing "scan" or any other value than "clear" to this file results in EBUSY, then kmemleak is available but is disabled by default and can be activated via the kernel command line. Catalin: "that's also consistent with a late disabling of kmemleak when the debugfs entry sticks around." Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180824131220.19176-1-vincent.whitchurch@axis.com Signed-off-by: Vincent Whitchurch <vincent.whitchurch@axis.com> Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-09-04mm, oom: fix missing tlb_finish_mmu() in __oom_reap_task_mm().Tetsuo Handa
Commit 93065ac753e4 ("mm, oom: distinguish blockable mode for mmu notifiers") has added an ability to skip over vmas with blockable mmu notifiers. This however didn't call tlb_finish_mmu as it should. As a result inc_tlb_flush_pending has been called without its pairing dec_tlb_flush_pending and all callers mm_tlb_flush_pending would flush even though this is not really needed. This alone is not harmful and it seems there shouldn't be any such callers for oom victims at all but there is no real reason to skip tlb_finish_mmu on early skip either so call it. [mhocko@suse.com: new changelog] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/b752d1d5-81ad-7a35-2394-7870641be51c@i-love.sakura.ne.jp Signed-off-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-09-04mm: memcontrol: print proper OOM header when no eligible victim leftJohannes Weiner
When the memcg OOM killer runs out of killable tasks, it currently prints a WARN with no further OOM context. This has caused some user confusion. Warnings indicate a kernel problem. In a reported case, however, the situation was triggered by a nonsensical memcg configuration (hard limit set to 0). But without any VM context this wasn't obvious from the report, and it took some back and forth on the mailing list to identify what is actually a trivial issue. Handle this OOM condition like we handle it in the global OOM killer: dump the full OOM context and tell the user we ran out of tasks. This way the user can identify misconfigurations easily by themselves and rectify the problem - without having to go through the hassle of running into an obscure but unsettling warning, finding the appropriate kernel mailing list and waiting for a kernel developer to remote-analyze that the memcg configuration caused this. If users cannot make sense of why the OOM killer was triggered or why it failed, they will still report it to the mailing list, we know that from experience. So in case there is an actual kernel bug causing this, kernel developers will very likely hear about it. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180821160406.22578-1-hannes@cmpxchg.org Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-31blkcg: delay blkg destruction until after writeback has finishedDennis Zhou (Facebook)
Currently, blkcg destruction relies on a sequence of events: 1. Destruction starts. blkcg_css_offline() is called and blkgs release their reference to the blkcg. This immediately destroys the cgwbs (writeback). 2. With blkgs giving up their reference, the blkcg ref count should become zero and eventually call blkcg_css_free() which finally frees the blkcg. Jiufei Xue reported that there is a race between blkcg_bio_issue_check() and cgroup_rmdir(). To remedy this, blkg destruction becomes contingent on the completion of all writeback associated with the blkcg. A count of the number of cgwbs is maintained and once that goes to zero, blkg destruction can follow. This should prevent premature blkg destruction related to writeback. The new process for blkcg cleanup is as follows: 1. Destruction starts. blkcg_css_offline() is called which offlines writeback. Blkg destruction is delayed on the cgwb_refcnt count to avoid punting potentially large amounts of outstanding writeback to root while maintaining any ongoing policies. Here, the base cgwb_refcnt is put back. 2. When the cgwb_refcnt becomes zero, blkcg_destroy_blkgs() is called and handles destruction of blkgs. This is where the css reference held by each blkg is released. 3. Once the blkcg ref count goes to zero, blkcg_css_free() is called. This finally frees the blkg. It seems in the past blk-throttle didn't do the most understandable things with taking data from a blkg while associating with current. So, the simplification and unification of what blk-throttle is doing caused this. Fixes: 08e18eab0c579 ("block: add bi_blkg to the bio for cgroups") Reviewed-by: Josef Bacik <josef@toxicpanda.com> Signed-off-by: Dennis Zhou <dennisszhou@gmail.com> Cc: Jiufei Xue <jiufei.xue@linux.alibaba.com> Cc: Joseph Qi <joseph.qi@linux.alibaba.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Josef Bacik <josef@toxicpanda.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2018-08-30vfs: implement readahead(2) using POSIX_FADV_WILLNEEDAmir Goldstein
The implementation of readahead(2) syscall is identical to that of fadvise64(POSIX_FADV_WILLNEED) with a few exceptions: 1. readahead(2) returns -EINVAL for !mapping->a_ops and fadvise64() ignores the request and returns 0. 2. fadvise64() checks for integer overflow corner case 3. fadvise64() calls the optional filesystem fadvise() file operation Unite the two implementations by calling vfs_fadvise() from readahead(2) syscall. Check the !mapping->a_ops in readahead(2) syscall to preserve documented syscall ABI behaviour. Suggested-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@redhat.com> Fixes: d1d04ef8572b ("ovl: stack file ops") Signed-off-by: Amir Goldstein <amir73il@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@redhat.com>
2018-08-30vfs: add the fadvise() file operationAmir Goldstein
This is going to be used by overlayfs and possibly useful for other filesystems. Signed-off-by: Amir Goldstein <amir73il@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@redhat.com>
2018-08-30notifier: Remove notifier header file wherever not usedMukesh Ojha
The conversion of the hotplug notifiers to a state machine left the notifier.h includes around in some places. Remove them. Signed-off-by: Mukesh Ojha <mojha@codeaurora.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1535114033-4605-1-git-send-email-mojha@codeaurora.org
2018-08-25Merge tag 'libnvdimm-for-4.19_dax-memory-failure' of ↵Linus Torvalds
gitolite.kernel.org:pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/nvdimm/nvdimm Pull libnvdimm memory-failure update from Dave Jiang: "As it stands, memory_failure() gets thoroughly confused by dev_pagemap backed mappings. The recovery code has specific enabling for several possible page states and needs new enabling to handle poison in dax mappings. In order to support reliable reverse mapping of user space addresses: 1/ Add new locking in the memory_failure() rmap path to prevent races that would typically be handled by the page lock. 2/ Since dev_pagemap pages are hidden from the page allocator and the "compound page" accounting machinery, add a mechanism to determine the size of the mapping that encompasses a given poisoned pfn. 3/ Given pmem errors can be repaired, change the speculatively accessed poison protection, mce_unmap_kpfn(), to be reversible and otherwise allow ongoing access from the kernel. A side effect of this enabling is that MADV_HWPOISON becomes usable for dax mappings, however the primary motivation is to allow the system to survive userspace consumption of hardware-poison via dax. Specifically the current behavior is: mce: Uncorrected hardware memory error in user-access at af34214200 {1}[Hardware Error]: It has been corrected by h/w and requires no further action mce: [Hardware Error]: Machine check events logged {1}[Hardware Error]: event severity: corrected Memory failure: 0xaf34214: reserved kernel page still referenced by 1 users [..] Memory failure: 0xaf34214: recovery action for reserved kernel page: Failed mce: Memory error not recovered <reboot> ...and with these changes: Injecting memory failure for pfn 0x20cb00 at process virtual address 0x7f763dd00000 Memory failure: 0x20cb00: Killing dax-pmd:5421 due to hardware memory corruption Memory failure: 0x20cb00: recovery action for dax page: Recovered Given all the cross dependencies I propose taking this through nvdimm.git with acks from Naoya, x86/core, x86/RAS, and of course dax folks" * tag 'libnvdimm-for-4.19_dax-memory-failure' of gitolite.kernel.org:pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/nvdimm/nvdimm: libnvdimm, pmem: Restore page attributes when clearing errors x86/memory_failure: Introduce {set, clear}_mce_nospec() x86/mm/pat: Prepare {reserve, free}_memtype() for "decoy" addresses mm, memory_failure: Teach memory_failure() about dev_pagemap pages filesystem-dax: Introduce dax_lock_mapping_entry() mm, memory_failure: Collect mapping size in collect_procs() mm, madvise_inject_error: Let memory_failure() optionally take a page reference mm, dev_pagemap: Do not clear ->mapping on final put mm, madvise_inject_error: Disable MADV_SOFT_OFFLINE for ZONE_DEVICE pages filesystem-dax: Set page->index device-dax: Set page->index device-dax: Enable page_mapping() device-dax: Convert to vmf_insert_mixed and vm_fault_t
2018-08-25mm/cow: don't bother write protecting already write-protected pagesLinus Torvalds
This is not normally noticeable, but repeated forks are unnecessarily expensive because they repeatedly dirty the parent page tables during the page table copy operation. It's trivial to just avoid write protecting the page table entry if it was already not writable. This patch was inspired by https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=200447 which points to an ancient "waste time re-doing fork" issue in the presence of lots of signals. That bug was fixed by Eric Biederman's signal handling series culminating in commit c3ad2c3b02e9 ("signal: Don't restart fork when signals come in"), but the unnecessary work for repeated forks is still work just fixing, particularly since the fix is trivial. Cc: Eric Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-23Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds
Merge yet more updates from Andrew Morton: - the rest of MM - various misc fixes and tweaks * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (22 commits) mm: Change return type int to vm_fault_t for fault handlers lib/fonts: convert comments to utf-8 s390: ebcdic: convert comments to UTF-8 treewide: convert ISO_8859-1 text comments to utf-8 drivers/gpu/drm/gma500/: change return type to vm_fault_t docs/core-api: mm-api: add section about GFP flags docs/mm: make GFP flags descriptions usable as kernel-doc docs/core-api: split memory management API to a separate file docs/core-api: move *{str,mem}dup* to "String Manipulation" docs/core-api: kill trailing whitespace in kernel-api.rst mm/util: add kernel-doc for kvfree mm/util: make strndup_user description a kernel-doc comment fs/proc/vmcore.c: hide vmcoredd_mmap_dumps() for nommu builds treewide: correct "differenciate" and "instanciate" typos fs/afs: use new return type vm_fault_t drivers/hwtracing/intel_th/msu.c: change return type to vm_fault_t mm: soft-offline: close the race against page allocation mm: fix race on soft-offlining free huge pages namei: allow restricted O_CREAT of FIFOs and regular files hfs: prevent crash on exit from failed search ...
2018-08-23mm: Change return type int to vm_fault_t for fault handlersSouptick Joarder
Use new return type vm_fault_t for fault handler. For now, this is just documenting that the function returns a VM_FAULT value rather than an errno. Once all instances are converted, vm_fault_t will become a distinct type. Ref-> commit 1c8f422059ae ("mm: change return type to vm_fault_t") The aim is to change the return type of finish_fault() and handle_mm_fault() to vm_fault_t type. As part of that clean up return type of all other recursively called functions have been changed to vm_fault_t type. The places from where handle_mm_fault() is getting invoked will be change to vm_fault_t type but in a separate patch. vmf_error() is the newly introduce inline function in 4.17-rc6. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: don't shadow outer local `ret' in __do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page()] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180604171727.GA20279@jordon-HP-15-Notebook-PC Signed-off-by: Souptick Joarder <jrdr.linux@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-23mm/util: add kernel-doc for kvfreeMike Rapoport
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1532626360-16650-3-git-send-email-rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-23mm/util: make strndup_user description a kernel-doc commentMike Rapoport
Patch series "memory management documentation updates", v3. Here are several updates to the mm documentation. Aside from really minor changes in the first three patches, the updates are: * move the documentation of kstrdup and friends to "String Manipulation" section * split memory management API into a separate .rst file * adjust formating of the GFP flags description and include it in the reference documentation. This patch (of 7): The description of the strndup_user function misses '*' character at the beginning of the comment to be proper kernel-doc. Add the missing character. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1532626360-16650-2-git-send-email-rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-23mm: soft-offline: close the race against page allocationNaoya Horiguchi
A process can be killed with SIGBUS(BUS_MCEERR_AR) when it tries to allocate a page that was just freed on the way of soft-offline. This is undesirable because soft-offline (which is about corrected error) is less aggressive than hard-offline (which is about uncorrected error), and we can make soft-offline fail and keep using the page for good reason like "system is busy." Two main changes of this patch are: - setting migrate type of the target page to MIGRATE_ISOLATE. As done in free_unref_page_commit(), this makes kernel bypass pcplist when freeing the page. So we can assume that the page is in freelist just after put_page() returns, - setting PG_hwpoison on free page under zone->lock which protects freelists, so this allows us to avoid setting PG_hwpoison on a page that is decided to be allocated soon. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak set_hwpoison_free_buddy_page() comment] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1531452366-11661-3-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Reported-by: Xishi Qiu <xishi.qiuxishi@alibaba-inc.com> Tested-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: <zy.zhengyi@alibaba-inc.com> Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-23mm: fix race on soft-offlining free huge pagesNaoya Horiguchi
Patch series "mm: soft-offline: fix race against page allocation". Xishi recently reported the issue about race on reusing the target pages of soft offlining. Discussion and analysis showed that we need make sure that setting PG_hwpoison should be done in the right place under zone->lock for soft offline. 1/2 handles free hugepage's case, and 2/2 hanldes free buddy page's case. This patch (of 2): There's a race condition between soft offline and hugetlb_fault which causes unexpected process killing and/or hugetlb allocation failure. The process killing is caused by the following flow: CPU 0 CPU 1 CPU 2 soft offline get_any_page // find the hugetlb is free mmap a hugetlb file page fault ... hugetlb_fault hugetlb_no_page alloc_huge_page // succeed soft_offline_free_page // set hwpoison flag mmap the hugetlb file page fault ... hugetlb_fault hugetlb_no_page find_lock_page return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON mm_fault_error do_sigbus // kill the process The hugetlb allocation failure comes from the following flow: CPU 0 CPU 1 mmap a hugetlb file // reserve all free page but don't fault-in soft offline get_any_page // find the hugetlb is free soft_offline_free_page // set hwpoison flag dissolve_free_huge_page // fail because all free hugepages are reserved page fault ... hugetlb_fault hugetlb_no_page alloc_huge_page ... dequeue_huge_page_node_exact // ignore hwpoisoned hugepage // and finally fail due to no-mem The root cause of this is that current soft-offline code is written based on an assumption that PageHWPoison flag should be set at first to avoid accessing the corrupted data. This makes sense for memory_failure() or hard offline, but does not for soft offline because soft offline is about corrected (not uncorrected) error and is safe from data lost. This patch changes soft offline semantics where it sets PageHWPoison flag only after containment of the error page completes successfully. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1531452366-11661-2-git-send-email-n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Reported-by: Xishi Qiu <xishi.qiuxishi@alibaba-inc.com> Suggested-by: Xishi Qiu <xishi.qiuxishi@alibaba-inc.com> Tested-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: <zy.zhengyi@alibaba-inc.com> Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-23mm: mmu_notifier fix for tlb_end_vmaNicholas Piggin
The generic tlb_end_vma does not call invalidate_range mmu notifier, and it resets resets the mmu_gather range, which means the notifier won't be called on part of the range in case of an unmap that spans multiple vmas. ARM64 seems to be the only arch I could see that has notifiers and uses the generic tlb_end_vma. I have not actually tested it. [ Catalin and Will point out that ARM64 currently only uses the notifiers for KVM, which doesn't use the ->invalidate_range() callback right now, so it's a bug, but one that happens to not affect them. So not necessary for stable. - Linus ] Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-23mm/tlb, x86/mm: Support invalidating TLB caches for RCU_TABLE_FREEPeter Zijlstra
Jann reported that x86 was missing required TLB invalidates when he hit the !*batch slow path in tlb_remove_table(). This is indeed the case; RCU_TABLE_FREE does not provide TLB (cache) invalidates, the PowerPC-hash where this code originated and the Sparc-hash where this was subsequently used did not need that. ARM which later used this put an explicit TLB invalidate in their __p*_free_tlb() functions, and PowerPC-radix followed that example. But when we hooked up x86 we failed to consider this. Fix this by (optionally) hooking tlb_remove_table() into the TLB invalidate code. NOTE: s390 was also needing something like this and might now be able to use the generic code again. [ Modified to be on top of Nick's cleanups, which simplified this patch now that tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly() really only flushes the TLB - Linus ] Fixes: 9e52fc2b50de ("x86/mm: Enable RCU based page table freeing (CONFIG_HAVE_RCU_TABLE_FREE=y)") Reported-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com> Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: stable@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-23mm/tlb: Remove tlb_remove_table() non-concurrent conditionPeter Zijlstra
Will noted that only checking mm_users is incorrect; we should also check mm_count in order to cover CPUs that have a lazy reference to this mm (and could do speculative TLB operations). If removing this turns out to be a performance issue, we can re-instate a more complete check, but in tlb_table_flush() eliding the call_rcu_sched(). Fixes: 267239116987 ("mm, powerpc: move the RCU page-table freeing into generic code") Reported-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com> Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: stable@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-23mm: move tlb_table_flush to tlb_flush_mmu_freeNicholas Piggin
There is no need to call this from tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly, it logically belongs with tlb_flush_mmu_free. This makes future fixes simpler. [ This was originally done to allow code consolidation for the mmu_notifier fix, but it also ends up helping simplify the HAVE_RCU_TABLE_INVALIDATE fix. - Linus ] Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: stable@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22x86/mm/tlb: Revert the recent lazy TLB patchesPeter Zijlstra
Revert commits: 95b0e6357d3e x86/mm/tlb: Always use lazy TLB mode 64482aafe55f x86/mm/tlb: Only send page table free TLB flush to lazy TLB CPUs ac0315896970 x86/mm/tlb: Make lazy TLB mode lazier 61d0beb5796a x86/mm/tlb: Restructure switch_mm_irqs_off() 2ff6ddf19c0e x86/mm/tlb: Leave lazy TLB mode at page table free time In order to simplify the TLB invalidate fixes for x86 and unify the parts that need backporting. We'll try again later. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22include/linux/compiler*.h: make compiler-*.h mutually exclusiveNick Desaulniers
Commit cafa0010cd51 ("Raise the minimum required gcc version to 4.6") recently exposed a brittle part of the build for supporting non-gcc compilers. Both Clang and ICC define __GNUC__, __GNUC_MINOR__, and __GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__ for quick compatibility with code bases that haven't added compiler specific checks for __clang__ or __INTEL_COMPILER. This is brittle, as they happened to get compatibility by posing as a certain version of GCC. This broke when upgrading the minimal version of GCC required to build the kernel, to a version above what ICC and Clang claim to be. Rather than always including compiler-gcc.h then undefining or redefining macros in compiler-intel.h or compiler-clang.h, let's separate out the compiler specific macro definitions into mutually exclusive headers, do more proper compiler detection, and keep shared definitions in compiler_types.h. Fixes: cafa0010cd51 ("Raise the minimum required gcc version to 4.6") Reported-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Suggested-by: Eli Friedman <efriedma@codeaurora.org> Suggested-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds
Merge more updates from Andrew Morton: - the rest of MM - procfs updates - various misc things - more y2038 fixes - get_maintainer updates - lib/ updates - checkpatch updates - various epoll updates - autofs updates - hfsplus - some reiserfs work - fatfs updates - signal.c cleanups - ipc/ updates * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (166 commits) ipc/util.c: update return value of ipc_getref from int to bool ipc/util.c: further variable name cleanups ipc: simplify ipc initialization ipc: get rid of ids->tables_initialized hack lib/rhashtable: guarantee initial hashtable allocation lib/rhashtable: simplify bucket_table_alloc() ipc: drop ipc_lock() ipc/util.c: correct comment in ipc_obtain_object_check ipc: rename ipcctl_pre_down_nolock() ipc/util.c: use ipc_rcu_putref() for failues in ipc_addid() ipc: reorganize initialization of kern_ipc_perm.seq ipc: compute kern_ipc_perm.id under the ipc lock init/Kconfig: remove EXPERT from CHECKPOINT_RESTORE fs/sysv/inode.c: use ktime_get_real_seconds() for superblock stamp adfs: use timespec64 for time conversion kernel/sysctl.c: fix typos in comments drivers/rapidio/devices/rio_mport_cdev.c: remove redundant pointer md fork: don't copy inconsistent signal handler state to child signal: make get_signal() return bool signal: make sigkill_pending() return bool ...
2018-08-22bdi: use irqsave variant of refcount_dec_and_lock()Anna-Maria Gleixner
The irqsave variant of refcount_dec_and_lock handles irqsave/restore when taking/releasing the spin lock. With this variant the call of local_irq_save/restore is no longer required. [bigeasy@linutronix.de: s@atomic_dec_and_lock@refcount_dec_and_lock@g] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180703200141.28415-5-bigeasy@linutronix.de Signed-off-by: Anna-Maria Gleixner <anna-maria@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22bdi: use refcount_t for reference counting instead atomic_tSebastian Andrzej Siewior
refcount_t type and corresponding API should be used instead of atomic_t when the variable is used as a reference counter. This permits avoiding accidental refcounter overflows that might lead to use-after-free situations. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180703200141.28415-4-bigeasy@linutronix.de Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22/proc/meminfo: add percpu populated pages countDennis Zhou (Facebook)
Currently, percpu memory only exposes allocation and utilization information via debugfs. This more or less is only really useful for understanding the fragmentation and allocation information at a per-chunk level with a few global counters. This is also gated behind a config. BPF and cgroup, for example, have seen an increase in use causing increased use of percpu memory. Let's make it easier for someone to identify how much memory is being used. This patch adds the "Percpu" stat to meminfo to more easily look up how much percpu memory is in use. This number includes the cost for all allocated backing pages and not just insight at the per a unit, per chunk level. Metadata is excluded. I think excluding metadata is fair because the backing memory scales with the numbere of cpus and can quickly outweigh the metadata. It also makes this calculation light. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180807184723.74919-1-dennisszhou@gmail.com Signed-off-by: Dennis Zhou <dennisszhou@gmail.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm, oom: introduce memory.oom.groupRoman Gushchin
For some workloads an intervention from the OOM killer can be painful. Killing a random task can bring the workload into an inconsistent state. Historically, there are two common solutions for this problem: 1) enabling panic_on_oom, 2) using a userspace daemon to monitor OOMs and kill all outstanding processes. Both approaches have their downsides: rebooting on each OOM is an obvious waste of capacity, and handling all in userspace is tricky and requires a userspace agent, which will monitor all cgroups for OOMs. In most cases an in-kernel after-OOM cleaning-up mechanism can eliminate the necessity of enabling panic_on_oom. Also, it can simplify the cgroup management for userspace applications. This commit introduces a new knob for cgroup v2 memory controller: memory.oom.group. The knob determines whether the cgroup should be treated as an indivisible workload by the OOM killer. If set, all tasks belonging to the cgroup or to its descendants (if the memory cgroup is not a leaf cgroup) are killed together or not at all. To determine which cgroup has to be killed, we do traverse the cgroup hierarchy from the victim task's cgroup up to the OOMing cgroup (or root) and looking for the highest-level cgroup with memory.oom.group set. Tasks with the OOM protection (oom_score_adj set to -1000) are treated as an exception and are never killed. This patch doesn't change the OOM victim selection algorithm. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180802003201.817-4-guro@fb.com Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm, oom: refactor oom_kill_process()Roman Gushchin
Patch series "introduce memory.oom.group", v2. This is a tiny implementation of cgroup-aware OOM killer, which adds an ability to kill a cgroup as a single unit and so guarantee the integrity of the workload. Although it has only a limited functionality in comparison to what now resides in the mm tree (it doesn't change the victim task selection algorithm, doesn't look at memory stas on cgroup level, etc), it's also much simpler and more straightforward. So, hopefully, we can avoid having long debates here, as we had with the full implementation. As it doesn't prevent any futher development, and implements an useful and complete feature, it looks as a sane way forward. This patch (of 2): oom_kill_process() consists of two logical parts: the first one is responsible for considering task's children as a potential victim and printing the debug information. The second half is responsible for sending SIGKILL to all tasks sharing the mm struct with the given victim. This commit splits oom_kill_process() with an intention to re-use the the second half: __oom_kill_process(). The cgroup-aware OOM killer will kill multiple tasks belonging to the victim cgroup. We don't need to print the debug information for the each task, as well as play with task selection (considering task's children), so we can't use the existing oom_kill_process(). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171130152824.1591-2-guro@fb.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180802003201.817-3-guro@fb.com Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com> Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm/page_alloc: Introduce free_area_init_core_hotplugOscar Salvador
Currently, whenever a new node is created/re-used from the memhotplug path, we call free_area_init_node()->free_area_init_core(). But there is some code that we do not really need to run when we are coming from such path. free_area_init_core() performs the following actions: 1) Initializes pgdat internals, such as spinlock, waitqueues and more. 2) Account # nr_all_pages and # nr_kernel_pages. These values are used later on when creating hash tables. 3) Account number of managed_pages per zone, substracting dma_reserved and memmap pages. 4) Initializes some fields of the zone structure data 5) Calls init_currently_empty_zone to initialize all the freelists 6) Calls memmap_init to initialize all pages belonging to certain zone When called from memhotplug path, free_area_init_core() only performs actions #1 and #4. Action #2 is pointless as the zones do not have any pages since either the node was freed, or we are re-using it, eitherway all zones belonging to this node should have 0 pages. For the same reason, action #3 results always in manages_pages being 0. Action #5 and #6 are performed later on when onlining the pages: online_pages()->move_pfn_range_to_zone()->init_currently_empty_zone() online_pages()->move_pfn_range_to_zone()->memmap_init_zone() This patch does two things: First, moves the node/zone initializtion to their own function, so it allows us to create a small version of free_area_init_core, where we only perform: 1) Initialization of pgdat internals, such as spinlock, waitqueues and more 4) Initialization of some fields of the zone structure data These two functions are: pgdat_init_internals() and zone_init_internals(). The second thing this patch does, is to introduce free_area_init_core_hotplug(), the memhotplug version of free_area_init_core(): Currently, we call free_area_init_node() from the memhotplug path. In there, we set some pgdat's fields, and call calculate_node_totalpages(). calculate_node_totalpages() calculates the # of pages the node has. Since the node is either new, or we are re-using it, the zones belonging to this node should not have any pages, so there is no point to calculate this now. Actually, we re-set these values to 0 later on with the calls to: reset_node_managed_pages() reset_node_present_pages() The # of pages per node and the # of pages per zone will be calculated when onlining the pages: online_pages()->move_pfn_range()->move_pfn_range_to_zone()->resize_zone_range() online_pages()->move_pfn_range()->move_pfn_range_to_zone()->resize_pgdat_range() Also, since free_area_init_core/free_area_init_node will now only get called during early init, let us replace __paginginit with __init, so their code gets freed up. [osalvador@techadventures.net: fix section usage] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180731101752.GA473@techadventures.net [osalvador@suse.de: v6] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180801122348.21588-6-osalvador@techadventures.net Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180730101757.28058-5-osalvador@techadventures.net Signed-off-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Pasha Tatashin <Pavel.Tatashin@microsoft.com> Cc: Aaron Lu <aaron.lu@intel.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm/page_alloc: inline function to handle CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INITOscar Salvador
Let us move the code between CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT to an inline function. Not having an ifdef in the function makes the code more readable. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180730101757.28058-4-osalvador@techadventures.net Signed-off-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Aaron Lu <aaron.lu@intel.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: Pasha Tatashin <Pavel.Tatashin@microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm: remove __paginginitPavel Tatashin
__paginginit is the same thing as __meminit except for platforms without sparsemem, there it is defined as __init. Remove __paginginit and use __meminit. Use __ref in one single function that merges __meminit and __init sections: setup_usemap(). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180801122348.21588-4-osalvador@techadventures.net Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de> Cc: Pasha Tatashin <Pavel.Tatashin@microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm: access zone->node via zone_to_nid() and zone_set_nid()Pavel Tatashin
zone->node is configured only when CONFIG_NUMA=y, so it is a good idea to have inline functions to access this field in order to avoid ifdef's in c files. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180730101757.28058-3-osalvador@techadventures.net Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Aaron Lu <aaron.lu@intel.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: Pasha Tatashin <Pavel.Tatashin@microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm/page_alloc.c: move ifdefery out of free_area_init_coreOscar Salvador
Patch series "Refactor free_area_init_core and add free_area_init_core_hotplug", v6. This patchset does three things: 1) Clean up/refactor free_area_init_core/free_area_init_node by moving the ifdefery out of the functions. 2) Move the pgdat/zone initialization in free_area_init_core to its own function. 3) Introduce free_area_init_core_hotplug, a small subset of free_area_init_core, which is only called from memhotlug code path. In this way, we have: free_area_init_core: called during early initialization free_area_init_core_hotplug: called whenever a new node is allocated/re-used (memhotplug path) This patch (of 5): Moving the #ifdefs out of the function makes it easier to follow. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180730101757.28058-2-osalvador@techadventures.net Signed-off-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Pasha Tatashin <Pavel.Tatashin@microsoft.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: Aaron Lu <aaron.lu@intel.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22memcg: reduce memcg tree traversals for stats collectionShakeel Butt
Currently cgroup-v1's memcg_stat_show traverses the memcg tree ~17 times to collect the stats while cgroup-v2's memory_stat_show traverses the memcg tree thrice. On a large machine, a couple thousand memcgs is very normal and if the churn is high and memcgs stick around during to several reasons, tens of thousands of nodes in memcg tree can exist. This patch has refactored and shared the stat collection code between cgroup-v1 and cgroup-v2 and has reduced the tree traversal to just one. I ran a simple benchmark which reads the root_mem_cgroup's stat file 1000 times in the presense of 2500 memcgs on cgroup-v1. The results are: Without the patch: $ time ./read-root-stat-1000-times real 0m1.663s user 0m0.000s sys 0m1.660s With the patch: $ time ./read-root-stat-1000-times real 0m0.468s user 0m0.000s sys 0m0.467s Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180724224635.143944-1-shakeelb@google.com Signed-off-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Cc: Bruce Merry <bmerry@ska.ac.za> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm: fix page_freeze_refs and page_unfreeze_refs in commentsJiang Biao
page_freeze_refs/page_unfreeze_refs have already been relplaced by page_ref_freeze/page_ref_unfreeze , but they are not modified in the comments. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1532590226-106038-1-git-send-email-jiang.biao2@zte.com.cn Signed-off-by: Jiang Biao <jiang.biao2@zte.com.cn> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm: clarify CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING and usageKees Cook
The Kconfig text for CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING doesn't mention that it has to be enabled explicitly. This updates the documentation for that and adds a note about CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING to the "page_poison" command line docs. While here, change description of CONFIG_PAGE_POISONING_ZERO too, as it's not "random" data, but rather the fixed debugging value that would be used when not zeroing. Additionally removes a stray "bool" in the Kconfig. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180725223832.GA43733@beast Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm: zero out the vma in vma_init()Andrew Morton
Rather than in vm_area_alloc(). To ensure that the various oddball stack-based vmas are in a good state. Some of the callers were zeroing them out, others were not. Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm/mempool.c: add missing parameter descriptionMike Rapoport
The kernel-doc for mempool_init function is missing the description of the pool parameter. Add it. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1532336274-26228-1-git-send-email-rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm/oom_kill.c: clean up oom_reap_task_mm()Michal Hocko
Andrew has noticed some inconsistencies in oom_reap_task_mm. Notably - Undocumented return value. - comment "failed to reap part..." is misleading - sounds like it's referring to something which happened in the past, is in fact referring to something which might happen in the future. - fails to call trace_finish_task_reaping() in one case - code duplication. - Increases mmap_sem hold time a little by moving trace_finish_task_reaping() inside the locked region. So sue me ;) - Sharing the finish: path means that the trace event won't distinguish between the two sources of finishing. Add a short explanation for the return value and fix the rest by reorganizing the function a bit to have unified function exit paths. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180724141747.GP28386@dhcp22.suse.cz Suggested-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@i-love.sakura.ne.jp> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm, oom: describe task memory unit, larger PID padRodrigo Freire
The default page memory unit of OOM task dump events might not be intuitive and potentially misleading for the non-initiated when debugging OOM events: These are pages and not kBs. Add a small printk prior to the task dump informing that the memory units are actually memory _pages_. Also extends PID field to align on up to 7 characters. Reference https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/7/3/1201 Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/c795eb5129149ed8a6345c273aba167ff1bbd388.1530715938.git.rfreire@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Rodrigo Freire <rfreire@redhat.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Acked-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@i-love.sakura.ne.jp> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm, oom: remove oom_lock from oom_reaperMichal Hocko
oom_reaper used to rely on the oom_lock since e2fe14564d33 ("oom_reaper: close race with exiting task"). We do not really need the lock anymore though. 212925802454 ("mm: oom: let oom_reap_task and exit_mmap run concurrently") has removed serialization with the exit path based on the mm reference count and so we do not really rely on the oom_lock anymore. Tetsuo was arguing that at least MMF_OOM_SKIP should be set under the lock to prevent from races when the page allocator didn't manage to get the freed (reaped) memory in __alloc_pages_may_oom but it sees the flag later on and move on to another victim. Although this is possible in principle let's wait for it to actually happen in real life before we make the locking more complex again. Therefore remove the oom_lock for oom_reaper paths (both exit_mmap and oom_reap_task_mm). The reaper serializes with exit_mmap by mmap_sem + MMF_OOM_SKIP flag. There is no synchronization with out_of_memory path now. [mhocko@kernel.org: oom_reap_task_mm should return false when __oom_reap_task_mm did] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180724141747.GP28386@dhcp22.suse.cz Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180719075922.13784-1-mhocko@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Suggested-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-08-22mm, oom: distinguish blockable mode for mmu notifiersMichal Hocko
There are several blockable mmu notifiers which might sleep in mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start and that is a problem for the oom_reaper because it needs to guarantee a forward progress so it cannot depend on any sleepable locks. Currently we simply back off and mark an oom victim with blockable mmu notifiers as done after a short sleep. That can result in selecting a new oom victim prematurely because the previous one still hasn't torn its memory down yet. We can do much better though. Even if mmu notifiers use sleepable locks there is no reason to automatically assume those locks are held. Moreover majority of notifiers only care about a portion of the address space and there is absolutely zero reason to fail when we are unmapping an unrelated range. Many notifiers do really block and wait for HW which is harder to handle and we have to bail out though. This patch handles the low hanging fruit. __mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start gets a blockable flag and callbacks are not allowed to sleep if the flag is set to false. This is achieved by using trylock instead of the sleepable lock for most callbacks and continue as long as we do not block down the call chain. I think we can improve that even further because there is a common pattern to do a range lookup first and then do something about that. The first part can be done without a sleeping lock in most cases AFAICS. The oom_reaper end then simply retries if there is at least one notifier which couldn't make any progress in !blockable mode. A retry loop is already implemented to wait for the mmap_sem and this is basically the same thing. The simplest way for driver developers to test this code path is to wrap userspace code which uses these notifiers into a memcg and set the hard limit to hit the oom. This can be done e.g. after the test faults in all the mmu notifier managed memory and set the hard limit to something really small. Then we are looking for a proper process tear down. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding style fixes] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: minor code simplification] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180716115058.5559-1-mhocko@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Christian König <christian.koenig@amd.com> # AMD notifiers Acked-by: Leon Romanovsky <leonro@mellanox.com> # mlx and umem_odp Reported-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: "David (ChunMing) Zhou" <David1.Zhou@amd.com> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Cc: Alex Deucher <alexander.deucher@amd.com> Cc: David Airlie <airlied@linux.ie> Cc: Jani Nikula <jani.nikula@linux.intel.com> Cc: Joonas Lahtinen <joonas.lahtinen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Rodrigo Vivi <rodrigo.vivi@intel.com> Cc: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Cc: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca> Cc: Mike Marciniszyn <mike.marciniszyn@intel.com> Cc: Dennis Dalessandro <dennis.dalessandro@intel.com> Cc: Sudeep Dutt <sudeep.dutt@intel.com> Cc: Ashutosh Dixit <ashutosh.dixit@intel.com> Cc: Dimitri Sivanich <sivanich@sgi.com> Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Cc: "Jérôme Glisse" <jglisse@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Felix Kuehling <felix.kuehling@amd.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>