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2020-01-09x86/entry/64: Add instruction suffix to SYSRETJan Beulich
ignore_sysret() contains an unsuffixed SYSRET instruction. gas correctly interprets this as SYSRETL, but leaving it up to gas to guess when there is no register operand that implies a size is bad practice, and upstream gas is likely to warn about this in the future. Use SYSRETL explicitly. This does not change the assembled output. Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Acked-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/038a7c35-062b-a285-c6d2-653b56585844@suse.com
2019-11-16x86/entry/64: Remove pointless jump in paranoid_exitThomas Gleixner
Jump directly to restore_regs_and_return_to_kernel instead of making a pointless extra jump through .Lparanoid_exit_restore Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Alexandre Chartre <alexandre.chartre@oracle.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191023123117.779277679@linutronix.de
2019-10-18x86/asm: Change all ENTRY+ENDPROC to SYM_FUNC_*Jiri Slaby
These are all functions which are invoked from elsewhere, so annotate them as global using the new SYM_FUNC_START and their ENDPROC's by SYM_FUNC_END. Make sure ENTRY/ENDPROC is not defined on X86_64, given these were the last users. Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com> [hibernate] Reviewed-by: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com> [xen bits] Acked-by: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> [crypto] Cc: Allison Randal <allison@lohutok.net> Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andy@infradead.org> Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Cc: Armijn Hemel <armijn@tjaldur.nl> Cc: Cao jin <caoj.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Darren Hart <dvhart@infradead.org> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Enrico Weigelt <info@metux.net> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Jim Mattson <jmattson@google.com> Cc: Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Cc: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: kvm ML <kvm@vger.kernel.org> Cc: Len Brown <len.brown@intel.com> Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-crypto@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-efi <linux-efi@vger.kernel.org> Cc: linux-efi@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Cc: Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Cc: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: platform-driver-x86@vger.kernel.org Cc: "Radim Krčmář" <rkrcmar@redhat.com> Cc: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> Cc: Stefano Stabellini <sstabellini@kernel.org> Cc: "Steven Rostedt (VMware)" <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com> Cc: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com> Cc: Wei Huang <wei@redhat.com> Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org> Cc: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org Cc: Xiaoyao Li <xiaoyao.li@linux.intel.com> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191011115108.12392-25-jslaby@suse.cz
2019-10-18x86/asm/64: Change all ENTRY+END to SYM_CODE_*Jiri Slaby
Change all assembly code which is marked using END (and not ENDPROC). Switch all these to the appropriate new annotation SYM_CODE_START and SYM_CODE_END. Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com> [xen bits] Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Cao jin <caoj.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org Cc: Maran Wilson <maran.wilson@oracle.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Stefano Stabellini <sstabellini@kernel.org> Cc: "Steven Rostedt (VMware)" <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org> Cc: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191011115108.12392-24-jslaby@suse.cz
2019-10-18x86/asm: Make some functions localJiri Slaby
There are a couple of assembly functions which are invoked only locally in the file they are defined. In C, they are marked "static". In assembly, annotate them using SYM_{FUNC,CODE}_START_LOCAL (and switch their ENDPROC to SYM_{FUNC,CODE}_END too). Whether FUNC or CODE is used, depends on whether ENDPROC or END was used for a particular function before. Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andy@infradead.org> Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com> Cc: Darren Hart <dvhart@infradead.org> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-efi <linux-efi@vger.kernel.org> Cc: linux-efi@vger.kernel.org Cc: Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: platform-driver-x86@vger.kernel.org Cc: Stefano Stabellini <sstabellini@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org> Cc: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191011115108.12392-21-jslaby@suse.cz
2019-10-18x86/asm: Use SYM_INNER_LABEL instead of GLOBALJiri Slaby
The GLOBAL macro had several meanings and is going away. Convert all the inner function labels marked with GLOBAL to use SYM_INNER_LABEL instead. Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: "Steven Rostedt (VMware)" <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191011115108.12392-18-jslaby@suse.cz
2019-10-18x86/asm/entry: Annotate interrupt symbols properlyJiri Slaby
* annotate functions properly by SYM_CODE_START, SYM_CODE_START_LOCAL* and SYM_CODE_END -- these are not C-like functions, so they have to be annotated using CODE. * use SYM_INNER_LABEL* for labels being in the middle of other functions This prevents nested labels annotations. Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191011115108.12392-11-jslaby@suse.cz
2019-10-18x86/asm: Annotate local pseudo-functionsJiri Slaby
Use the newly added SYM_CODE_START_LOCAL* to annotate beginnings of all pseudo-functions (those ending with END until now) which do not have ".globl" annotation. This is needed to balance END for tools that generate debuginfo. Note that ENDs are switched to SYM_CODE_END too so that everybody can see the pairing. C-like functions (which handle frame ptr etc.) are not annotated here, hence SYM_CODE_* macros are used here, not SYM_FUNC_*. Note that the 32bit version of early_idt_handler_common already had ENDPROC -- switch that to SYM_CODE_END for the same reason as above (and to be the same as 64bit). While early_idt_handler_common is LOCAL, it's name is not prepended with ".L" as it happens to appear in call traces. bad_get_user*, and bad_put_user are now aligned, as they are separate functions. They do not mind to be aligned -- no need to be compact there. early_idt_handler_common is aligned now too, as it is after early_idt_handler_array, so as well no need to be compact there. verify_cpu is self-standing and included in other .S files, so align it too. The others have alignment preserved to what it used to be (using the _NOALIGN variant of macros). Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Alexios Zavras <alexios.zavras@intel.com> Cc: Allison Randal <allison@lohutok.net> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Cao jin <caoj.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Enrico Weigelt <info@metux.net> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org Cc: Maran Wilson <maran.wilson@oracle.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191011115108.12392-6-jslaby@suse.cz
2019-10-11x86/asm: Make more symbols localJiri Slaby
During the assembly cleanup patchset review, I found more symbols which are used only locally. So make them really local by prepending ".L" to them. Namely: - wakeup_idt is used only in realmode/rm/wakeup_asm.S. - in_pm32 is used only in boot/pmjump.S. - retint_user is used only in entry/entry_64.S, perhaps since commit 2ec67971facc ("x86/entry/64/compat: Remove most of the fast system call machinery"), where entry_64_compat's caller was removed. Drop GLOBAL from all of them too. I do not see more candidates in the series. Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Acked-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: bp@alien8.de Cc: hpa@zytor.com Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191011092213.31470-1-jslaby@suse.cz Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2019-09-16Merge branch 'x86-asm-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull x86 asm updates from Ingo Molnar: - Add UMIP emulation/spoofing for 64-bit processes as well, because of Wine based gaming. - Clean up symbols/labels in low level asm code - Add an assembly optimized mul_u64_u32_div() implementation on x86-64. * 'x86-asm-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86/umip: Add emulation (spoofing) for UMIP covered instructions in 64-bit processes as well x86/asm: Make some functions local labels x86/asm/suspend: Get rid of bogus_64_magic x86/math64: Provide a sane mul_u64_u32_div() implementation for x86_64
2019-09-16Merge branch 'sched-core-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull scheduler updates from Ingo Molnar: - MAINTAINERS: Add Mark Rutland as perf submaintainer, Juri Lelli and Vincent Guittot as scheduler submaintainers. Add Dietmar Eggemann, Steven Rostedt, Ben Segall and Mel Gorman as scheduler reviewers. As perf and the scheduler is getting bigger and more complex, document the status quo of current responsibilities and interests, and spread the review pain^H^H^H^H fun via an increase in the Cc: linecount generated by scripts/get_maintainer.pl. :-) - Add another series of patches that brings the -rt (PREEMPT_RT) tree closer to mainline: split the monolithic CONFIG_PREEMPT dependencies into a new CONFIG_PREEMPTION category that will allow the eventual introduction of CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT. Still a few more hundred patches to go though. - Extend the CPU cgroup controller with uclamp.min and uclamp.max to allow the finer shaping of CPU bandwidth usage. - Micro-optimize energy-aware wake-ups from O(CPUS^2) to O(CPUS). - Improve the behavior of high CPU count, high thread count applications running under cpu.cfs_quota_us constraints. - Improve balancing with SCHED_IDLE (SCHED_BATCH) tasks present. - Improve CPU isolation housekeeping CPU allocation NUMA locality. - Fix deadline scheduler bandwidth calculations and logic when cpusets rebuilds the topology, or when it gets deadline-throttled while it's being offlined. - Convert the cpuset_mutex to percpu_rwsem, to allow it to be used from setscheduler() system calls without creating global serialization. Add new synchronization between cpuset topology-changing events and the deadline acceptance tests in setscheduler(), which were broken before. - Rework the active_mm state machine to be less confusing and more optimal. - Rework (simplify) the pick_next_task() slowpath. - Improve load-balancing on AMD EPYC systems. - ... and misc cleanups, smaller fixes and improvements - please see the Git log for more details. * 'sched-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (53 commits) sched/psi: Correct overly pessimistic size calculation sched/fair: Speed-up energy-aware wake-ups sched/uclamp: Always use 'enum uclamp_id' for clamp_id values sched/uclamp: Update CPU's refcount on TG's clamp changes sched/uclamp: Use TG's clamps to restrict TASK's clamps sched/uclamp: Propagate system defaults to the root group sched/uclamp: Propagate parent clamps sched/uclamp: Extend CPU's cgroup controller sched/topology: Improve load balancing on AMD EPYC systems arch, ia64: Make NUMA select SMP sched, perf: MAINTAINERS update, add submaintainers and reviewers sched/fair: Use rq_lock/unlock in online_fair_sched_group cpufreq: schedutil: fix equation in comment sched: Rework pick_next_task() slow-path sched: Allow put_prev_task() to drop rq->lock sched/fair: Expose newidle_balance() sched: Add task_struct pointer to sched_class::set_curr_task sched: Rework CPU hotplug task selection sched/{rt,deadline}: Fix set_next_task vs pick_next_task sched: Fix kerneldoc comment for ia64_set_curr_task ...
2019-09-06x86/asm: Make some functions local labelsJiri Slaby
Boris suggests to make a local label (prepend ".L") to these functions to eliminate them from the symbol table. These are functions with very local names and really should not be visible anywhere. Note that objtool won't see these functions anymore (to generate ORC debug info). But all the functions are not annotated with ENDPROC, so they won't have objtool's attention anyway. Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Cao jin <caoj.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steve Winslow <swinslow@gmail.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Wei Huang <wei@redhat.com> Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org> Cc: Xiaoyao Li <xiaoyao.li@linux.intel.com> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190906075550.23435-2-jslaby@suse.cz
2019-07-31x86: Use CONFIG_PREEMPTIONThomas Gleixner
CONFIG_PREEMPTION is selected by CONFIG_PREEMPT and by CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT. Both PREEMPT and PREEMPT_RT require the same functionality which today depends on CONFIG_PREEMPT. Switch the entry code, preempt and kprobes conditionals over to CONFIG_PREEMPTION. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190726212124.608488448@linutronix.de Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2019-07-28Merge branch master from ↵Thomas Gleixner
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git Pick up the spectre documentation so the Grand Schemozzle can be added.
2019-07-20Merge branch 'x86-urgent-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull x86 fixes from Thomas Gleixner: "A set of x86 specific fixes and updates: - The CR2 corruption fixes which store CR2 early in the entry code and hand the stored address to the fault handlers. - Revert a forgotten leftover of the dropped FSGSBASE series. - Plug a memory leak in the boot code. - Make the Hyper-V assist functionality robust by zeroing the shadow page. - Remove a useless check for dead processes with LDT - Update paravirt and VMware maintainers entries. - A few cleanup patches addressing various compiler warnings" * 'x86-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86/entry/64: Prevent clobbering of saved CR2 value x86/hyper-v: Zero out the VP ASSIST PAGE on allocation x86, boot: Remove multiple copy of static function sanitize_boot_params() x86/boot/compressed/64: Remove unused variable x86/boot/efi: Remove unused variables x86/mm, tracing: Fix CR2 corruption x86/entry/64: Update comments and sanity tests for create_gap x86/entry/64: Simplify idtentry a little x86/entry/32: Simplify common_exception x86/paravirt: Make read_cr2() CALLEE_SAVE MAINTAINERS: Update PARAVIRT_OPS_INTERFACE and VMWARE_HYPERVISOR_INTERFACE x86/process: Delete useless check for dead process with LDT x86: math-emu: Hide clang warnings for 16-bit overflow x86/e820: Use proper booleans instead of 0/1 x86/apic: Silence -Wtype-limits compiler warnings x86/mm: Free sme_early_buffer after init x86/boot: Fix memory leak in default_get_smp_config() Revert "x86/ptrace: Prevent ptrace from clearing the FS/GS selector" and fix the test
2019-07-20x86/entry/64: Prevent clobbering of saved CR2 valueThomas Gleixner
The recent fix for CR2 corruption introduced a new way to reliably corrupt the saved CR2 value. CR2 is saved early in the entry code in RDX, which is the third argument to the fault handling functions. But it missed that between saving and invoking the fault handler enter_from_user_mode() can be called. RDX is a caller saved register so the invoked function can freely clobber it with the obvious consequences. The TRACE_IRQS_OFF call is safe as it calls through the thunk which preserves RDX, but TRACE_IRQS_OFF_DEBUG is not because it also calls into C-code outside of the thunk. Store CR2 in R12 instead which is a callee saved register and move R12 to RDX just before calling the fault handler. Fixes: a0d14b8909de ("x86/mm, tracing: Fix CR2 corruption") Reported-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.21.1907201020540.1782@nanos.tec.linutronix.de
2019-07-17x86/mm, tracing: Fix CR2 corruptionPeter Zijlstra
Despite the current efforts to read CR2 before tracing happens there still exist a number of possible holes: idtentry page_fault do_page_fault has_error_code=1 call error_entry TRACE_IRQS_OFF call trace_hardirqs_off* #PF // modifies CR2 CALL_enter_from_user_mode __context_tracking_exit() trace_user_exit(0) #PF // modifies CR2 call do_page_fault address = read_cr2(); /* whoopsie */ And similar for i386. Fix it by pulling the CR2 read into the entry code, before any of that stuff gets a chance to run and ruin things. Reported-by: He Zhe <zhe.he@windriver.com> Reported-by: Eiichi Tsukata <devel@etsukata.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: bp@alien8.de Cc: rostedt@goodmis.org Cc: torvalds@linux-foundation.org Cc: hpa@zytor.com Cc: dave.hansen@linux.intel.com Cc: jgross@suse.com Cc: joel@joelfernandes.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190711114336.116812491@infradead.org Debugged-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2019-07-17x86/entry/64: Update comments and sanity tests for create_gapPeter Zijlstra
Commit 2700fefdb2d9 ("x86_64: Add gap to int3 to allow for call emulation") forgot to update the comment, do so now. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org> Acked-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: bp@alien8.de Cc: torvalds@linux-foundation.org Cc: hpa@zytor.com Cc: dave.hansen@linux.intel.com Cc: jgross@suse.com Cc: zhe.he@windriver.com Cc: joel@joelfernandes.org Cc: devel@etsukata.com Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190711114336.059780563@infradead.org
2019-07-17x86/entry/64: Simplify idtentry a littlePeter Zijlstra
There's a bunch of duplication in idtentry, namely the .Lfrom_usermode_switch_stack is a paranoid=0 copy of the normal flow. Make this explicit by creating a idtentry_part helper macro. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org> Acked-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: bp@alien8.de Cc: torvalds@linux-foundation.org Cc: hpa@zytor.com Cc: dave.hansen@linux.intel.com Cc: jgross@suse.com Cc: zhe.he@windriver.com Cc: joel@joelfernandes.org Cc: devel@etsukata.com Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190711114336.002429503@infradead.org
2019-07-17x86/entry/64: Use JMP instead of JMPQJosh Poimboeuf
Somehow the swapgs mitigation entry code patch ended up with a JMPQ instruction instead of JMP, where only the short jump is needed. Some assembler versions apparently fail to optimize JMPQ into a two-byte JMP when possible, instead always using a 7-byte JMP with relocation. For some reason that makes the entry code explode with a #GP during boot. Change it back to "JMP" as originally intended. Fixes: 18ec54fdd6d1 ("x86/speculation: Prepare entry code for Spectre v1 swapgs mitigations") Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2019-07-17xen/pv: Fix a boot up hang revealed by int3 self testZhenzhong Duan
Commit 7457c0da024b ("x86/alternatives: Add int3_emulate_call() selftest") is used to ensure there is a gap setup in int3 exception stack which could be used for inserting call return address. This gap is missed in XEN PV int3 exception entry path, then below panic triggered: [ 0.772876] general protection fault: 0000 [#1] SMP NOPTI [ 0.772886] CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 5.2.0+ #11 [ 0.772893] RIP: e030:int3_magic+0x0/0x7 [ 0.772905] RSP: 3507:ffffffff82203e98 EFLAGS: 00000246 [ 0.773334] Call Trace: [ 0.773334] alternative_instructions+0x3d/0x12e [ 0.773334] check_bugs+0x7c9/0x887 [ 0.773334] ? __get_locked_pte+0x178/0x1f0 [ 0.773334] start_kernel+0x4ff/0x535 [ 0.773334] ? set_init_arg+0x55/0x55 [ 0.773334] xen_start_kernel+0x571/0x57a For 64bit PV guests, Xen's ABI enters the kernel with using SYSRET, with %rcx/%r11 on the stack. To convert back to "normal" looking exceptions, the xen thunks do 'xen_*: pop %rcx; pop %r11; jmp *'. E.g. Extracting 'xen_pv_trap xenint3' we have: xen_xenint3: pop %rcx; pop %r11; jmp xenint3 As xenint3 and int3 entry code are same except xenint3 doesn't generate a gap, we can fix it by using int3 and drop useless xenint3. Signed-off-by: Zhenzhong Duan <zhenzhong.duan@oracle.com> Reviewed-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Cc: Stefano Stabellini <sstabellini@kernel.org> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Andrew Cooper <andrew.cooper3@citrix.com> Signed-off-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
2019-07-09Merge tag 'docs-5.3' of git://git.lwn.net/linuxLinus Torvalds
Pull Documentation updates from Jonathan Corbet: "It's been a relatively busy cycle for docs: - A fair pile of RST conversions, many from Mauro. These create more than the usual number of simple but annoying merge conflicts with other trees, unfortunately. He has a lot more of these waiting on the wings that, I think, will go to you directly later on. - A new document on how to use merges and rebases in kernel repos, and one on Spectre vulnerabilities. - Various improvements to the build system, including automatic markup of function() references because some people, for reasons I will never understand, were of the opinion that :c:func:``function()`` is unattractive and not fun to type. - We now recommend using sphinx 1.7, but still support back to 1.4. - Lots of smaller improvements, warning fixes, typo fixes, etc" * tag 'docs-5.3' of git://git.lwn.net/linux: (129 commits) docs: automarkup.py: ignore exceptions when seeking for xrefs docs: Move binderfs to admin-guide Disable Sphinx SmartyPants in HTML output doc: RCU callback locks need only _bh, not necessarily _irq docs: format kernel-parameters -- as code Doc : doc-guide : Fix a typo platform: x86: get rid of a non-existent document Add the RCU docs to the core-api manual Documentation: RCU: Add TOC tree hooks Documentation: RCU: Rename txt files to rst Documentation: RCU: Convert RCU UP systems to reST Documentation: RCU: Convert RCU linked list to reST Documentation: RCU: Convert RCU basic concepts to reST docs: filesystems: Remove uneeded .rst extension on toctables scripts/sphinx-pre-install: fix out-of-tree build docs: zh_CN: submitting-drivers.rst: Remove a duplicated Documentation/ Documentation: PGP: update for newer HW devices Documentation: Add section about CPU vulnerabilities for Spectre Documentation: platform: Delete x86-laptop-drivers.txt docs: Note that :c:func: should no longer be used ...
2019-07-09x86/speculation: Prepare entry code for Spectre v1 swapgs mitigationsJosh Poimboeuf
Spectre v1 isn't only about array bounds checks. It can affect any conditional checks. The kernel entry code interrupt, exception, and NMI handlers all have conditional swapgs checks. Those may be problematic in the context of Spectre v1, as kernel code can speculatively run with a user GS. For example: if (coming from user space) swapgs mov %gs:<percpu_offset>, %reg mov (%reg), %reg1 When coming from user space, the CPU can speculatively skip the swapgs, and then do a speculative percpu load using the user GS value. So the user can speculatively force a read of any kernel value. If a gadget exists which uses the percpu value as an address in another load/store, then the contents of the kernel value may become visible via an L1 side channel attack. A similar attack exists when coming from kernel space. The CPU can speculatively do the swapgs, causing the user GS to get used for the rest of the speculative window. The mitigation is similar to a traditional Spectre v1 mitigation, except: a) index masking isn't possible; because the index (percpu offset) isn't user-controlled; and b) an lfence is needed in both the "from user" swapgs path and the "from kernel" non-swapgs path (because of the two attacks described above). The user entry swapgs paths already have SWITCH_TO_KERNEL_CR3, which has a CR3 write when PTI is enabled. Since CR3 writes are serializing, the lfences can be skipped in those cases. On the other hand, the kernel entry swapgs paths don't depend on PTI. To avoid unnecessary lfences for the user entry case, create two separate features for alternative patching: X86_FEATURE_FENCE_SWAPGS_USER X86_FEATURE_FENCE_SWAPGS_KERNEL Use these features in entry code to patch in lfences where needed. The features aren't enabled yet, so there's no functional change. Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
2019-07-08Merge branch 'x86-platform-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull x86 platform updayes from Ingo Molnar: "Most of the commits add ACRN hypervisor guest support, plus two cleanups" * 'x86-platform-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86/jailhouse: Mark jailhouse_x2apic_available() as __init x86/platform/geode: Drop <linux/gpio.h> includes x86/acrn: Use HYPERVISOR_CALLBACK_VECTOR for ACRN guest upcall vector x86: Add support for Linux guests on an ACRN hypervisor x86/Kconfig: Add new X86_HV_CALLBACK_VECTOR config symbol
2019-07-08Merge branch 'x86-cpu-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull x86 CPU feature updates from Thomas Gleixner: "Updates for x86 CPU features: - Support for UMWAIT/UMONITOR, which allows to use MWAIT and MONITOR instructions in user space to save power e.g. in HPC workloads which spin wait on synchronization points. The maximum time a MWAIT can halt in userspace is controlled by the kernel and can be adjusted by the sysadmin. - Speed up the MTRR handling code on CPUs which support cache self-snooping correctly. On those CPUs the wbinvd() invocations can be omitted which speeds up the MTRR setup by a factor of 50. - Support for the new x86 vendor Zhaoxin who develops processors based on the VIA Centaur technology. - Prevent 'cat /proc/cpuinfo' from affecting isolated NOHZ_FULL CPUs by sending IPIs to retrieve the CPU frequency and use the cached values instead. - The addition and late revert of the FSGSBASE support. The revert was required as it turned out that the code still has hard to diagnose issues. Yet another engineering trainwreck... - Small fixes, cleanups, improvements and the usual new Intel CPU family/model addons" * 'x86-cpu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (41 commits) x86/fsgsbase: Revert FSGSBASE support selftests/x86/fsgsbase: Fix some test case bugs x86/entry/64: Fix and clean up paranoid_exit x86/entry/64: Don't compile ignore_sysret if 32-bit emulation is enabled selftests/x86: Test SYSCALL and SYSENTER manually with TF set x86/mtrr: Skip cache flushes on CPUs with cache self-snooping x86/cpu/intel: Clear cache self-snoop capability in CPUs with known errata Documentation/ABI: Document umwait control sysfs interfaces x86/umwait: Add sysfs interface to control umwait maximum time x86/umwait: Add sysfs interface to control umwait C0.2 state x86/umwait: Initialize umwait control values x86/cpufeatures: Enumerate user wait instructions x86/cpu: Disable frequency requests via aperfmperf IPI for nohz_full CPUs x86/acpi/cstate: Add Zhaoxin processors support for cache flush policy in C3 ACPI, x86: Add Zhaoxin processors support for NONSTOP TSC x86/cpu: Create Zhaoxin processors architecture support file x86/cpu: Split Tremont based Atoms from the rest Documentation/x86/64: Add documentation for GS/FS addressing mode x86/elf: Enumerate kernel FSGSBASE capability in AT_HWCAP2 x86/cpu: Enable FSGSBASE on 64bit by default and add a chicken bit ...
2019-07-08Merge branch 'x86-apic-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull x96 apic updates from Thomas Gleixner: "Updates for the x86 APIC interrupt handling and APIC timer: - Fix a long standing issue with spurious interrupts which was caused by the big vector management rework a few years ago. Robert Hodaszi provided finally enough debug data and an excellent initial failure analysis which allowed to understand the underlying issues. This contains a change to the core interrupt management code which is required to handle this correctly for the APIC/IO_APIC. The core changes are NOOPs for most architectures except ARM64. ARM64 is not impacted by the change as confirmed by Marc Zyngier. - Newer systems allow to disable the PIT clock for power saving causing panic in the timer interrupt delivery check of the IO/APIC when the HPET timer is not enabled either. While the clock could be turned on this would cause an endless whack a mole game to chase the proper register in each affected chipset. These systems provide the relevant frequencies for TSC, CPU and the local APIC timer via CPUID and/or MSRs, which allows to avoid the PIT/HPET based calibration. As the calibration code is the only usage of the legacy timers on modern systems and is skipped anyway when the frequencies are known already, there is no point in setting up the PIT and actually checking for the interrupt delivery via IO/APIC. To achieve this on a wide variety of platforms, the CPUID/MSR based frequency readout has been made more robust, which also allowed to remove quite some workarounds which turned out to be not longer required. Thanks to Daniel Drake for analysis, patches and verification" * 'x86-apic-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86/irq: Seperate unused system vectors from spurious entry again x86/irq: Handle spurious interrupt after shutdown gracefully x86/ioapic: Implement irq_get_irqchip_state() callback genirq: Add optional hardware synchronization for shutdown genirq: Fix misleading synchronize_irq() documentation genirq: Delay deactivation in free_irq() x86/timer: Skip PIT initialization on modern chipsets x86/apic: Use non-atomic operations when possible x86/apic: Make apic_bsp_setup() static x86/tsc: Set LAPIC timer period to crystal clock frequency x86/apic: Rename 'lapic_timer_frequency' to 'lapic_timer_period' x86/tsc: Use CPUID.0x16 to calculate missing crystal frequency
2019-07-03x86/fsgsbase: Revert FSGSBASE supportThomas Gleixner
The FSGSBASE series turned out to have serious bugs and there is still an open issue which is not fully understood yet. The confidence in those changes has become close to zero especially as the test cases which have been shipped with that series were obviously never run before sending the final series out to LKML. ./fsgsbase_64 >/dev/null Segmentation fault As the merge window is close, the only sane decision is to revert FSGSBASE support. The revert is necessary as this branch has been merged into perf/core already and rebasing all of that a few days before the merge window is not the most brilliant idea. I could definitely slap myself for not noticing the test case fail when merging that series, but TBH my expectations weren't that low back then. Won't happen again. Revert the following commits: 539bca535dec ("x86/entry/64: Fix and clean up paranoid_exit") 2c7b5ac5d5a9 ("Documentation/x86/64: Add documentation for GS/FS addressing mode") f987c955c745 ("x86/elf: Enumerate kernel FSGSBASE capability in AT_HWCAP2") 2032f1f96ee0 ("x86/cpu: Enable FSGSBASE on 64bit by default and add a chicken bit") 5bf0cab60ee2 ("x86/entry/64: Document GSBASE handling in the paranoid path") 708078f65721 ("x86/entry/64: Handle FSGSBASE enabled paranoid entry/exit") 79e1932fa3ce ("x86/entry/64: Introduce the FIND_PERCPU_BASE macro") 1d07316b1363 ("x86/entry/64: Switch CR3 before SWAPGS in paranoid entry") f60a83df4593 ("x86/process/64: Use FSGSBASE instructions on thread copy and ptrace") 1ab5f3f7fe3d ("x86/process/64: Use FSBSBASE in switch_to() if available") a86b4625138d ("x86/fsgsbase/64: Enable FSGSBASE instructions in helper functions") 8b71340d702e ("x86/fsgsbase/64: Add intrinsics for FSGSBASE instructions") b64ed19b93c3 ("x86/cpu: Add 'unsafe_fsgsbase' to enable CR4.FSGSBASE") Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Chang S. Bae <chang.seok.bae@intel.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Cc: Ravi Shankar <ravi.v.shankar@intel.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
2019-07-03x86/irq: Seperate unused system vectors from spurious entry againThomas Gleixner
Quite some time ago the interrupt entry stubs for unused vectors in the system vector range got removed and directly mapped to the spurious interrupt vector entry point. Sounds reasonable, but it's subtly broken. The spurious interrupt vector entry point pushes vector number 0xFF on the stack which makes the whole logic in __smp_spurious_interrupt() pointless. As a consequence any spurious interrupt which comes from a vector != 0xFF is treated as a real spurious interrupt (vector 0xFF) and not acknowledged. That subsequently stalls all interrupt vectors of equal and lower priority, which brings the system to a grinding halt. This can happen because even on 64-bit the system vector space is not guaranteed to be fully populated. A full compile time handling of the unused vectors is not possible because quite some of them are conditonally populated at runtime. Bring the entry stubs back, which wastes 160 bytes if all stubs are unused, but gains the proper handling back. There is no point to selectively spare some of the stubs which are known at compile time as the required code in the IDT management would be way larger and convoluted. Do not route the spurious entries through common_interrupt and do_IRQ() as the original code did. Route it to smp_spurious_interrupt() which evaluates the vector number and acts accordingly now that the real vector numbers are handed in. Fixup the pr_warn so the actual spurious vector (0xff) is clearly distiguished from the other vectors and also note for the vectored case whether it was pending in the ISR or not. "Spurious APIC interrupt (vector 0xFF) on CPU#0, should never happen." "Spurious interrupt vector 0xed on CPU#1. Acked." "Spurious interrupt vector 0xee on CPU#1. Not pending!." Fixes: 2414e021ac8d ("x86: Avoid building unused IRQ entry stubs") Reported-by: Jan Kiszka <jan.kiszka@siemens.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com> Cc: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190628111440.550568228@linutronix.de
2019-07-02x86/entry/64: Fix and clean up paranoid_exitAndy Lutomirski
paranoid_exit needs to restore CR3 before GSBASE. Doing it in the opposite order crashes if the exception came from a context with user GSBASE and user CR3 -- RESTORE_CR3 cannot resture user CR3 if run with user GSBASE. This results in infinitely recursing exceptions if user code does SYSENTER with TF set if both FSGSBASE and PTI are enabled. The old code worked if user code just set TF without SYSENTER because #DB from user mode is special cased in idtentry and paranoid_exit doesn't run. Fix it by cleaning up the spaghetti code. All that paranoid_exit needs to do is to disable IRQs, handle IRQ tracing, then restore CR3, and restore GSBASE. Simply do those actions in that order. Fixes: 708078f65721 ("x86/entry/64: Handle FSGSBASE enabled paranoid entry/exit") Reported-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Chang S. Bae <chang.seok.bae@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Cc: Ravi Shankar <ravi.v.shankar@intel.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/59725ceb08977359489fbed979716949ad45f616.1562035429.git.luto@kernel.org
2019-07-02x86/entry/64: Don't compile ignore_sysret if 32-bit emulation is enabledAndy Lutomirski
It's only used if !CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION, so disable it in normal configs. This will save a few bytes of text and reduce confusion. Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "BaeChang Seok" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: "Bae, Chang Seok" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/0f7dafa72fe7194689de5ee8cfe5d83509fabcf5.1562035429.git.luto@kernel.org
2019-06-22x86/entry/64: Handle FSGSBASE enabled paranoid entry/exitChang S. Bae
Without FSGSBASE, user space cannot change GSBASE other than through a PRCTL. The kernel enforces that the user space GSBASE value is postive as negative values are used for detecting the kernel space GSBASE value in the paranoid entry code. If FSGSBASE is enabled, user space can set arbitrary GSBASE values without kernel intervention, including negative ones, which breaks the paranoid entry assumptions. To avoid this, paranoid entry needs to unconditionally save the current GSBASE value independent of the interrupted context, retrieve and write the kernel GSBASE and unconditionally restore the saved value on exit. The restore happens either in paranoid_exit or in the special exit path of the NMI low level code. All other entry code pathes which use unconditional SWAPGS are not affected as they do not depend on the actual content. [ tglx: Massaged changelogs and comments ] Suggested-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Suggested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Suggested-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Chang S. Bae <chang.seok.bae@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Cc: Ravi Shankar <ravi.v.shankar@intel.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1557309753-24073-13-git-send-email-chang.seok.bae@intel.com
2019-06-22x86/entry/64: Switch CR3 before SWAPGS in paranoid entryChang S. Bae
When FSGSBASE is enabled, the GSBASE handling in paranoid entry will need to retrieve the kernel GSBASE which requires that the kernel page table is active. As the CR3 switch to the kernel page tables (PTI is active) does not depend on kernel GSBASE, move the CR3 switch in front of the GSBASE handling. Comment the EBX content while at it. No functional change. [ tglx: Rewrote changelog and comments ] Signed-off-by: Chang S. Bae <chang.seok.bae@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Cc: Ravi Shankar <ravi.v.shankar@intel.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1557309753-24073-11-git-send-email-chang.seok.bae@intel.com
2019-06-11x86/acrn: Use HYPERVISOR_CALLBACK_VECTOR for ACRN guest upcall vectorZhao Yakui
Use the HYPERVISOR_CALLBACK_VECTOR to notify an ACRN guest. Co-developed-by: Jason Chen CJ <jason.cj.chen@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jason Chen CJ <jason.cj.chen@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Zhao Yakui <yakui.zhao@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1559108037-18813-4-git-send-email-yakui.zhao@intel.com
2019-06-08docs: fix broken documentation linksMauro Carvalho Chehab
Mostly due to x86 and acpi conversion, several documentation links are still pointing to the old file. Fix them. Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Wolfram Sang <wsa@the-dreams.de> Reviewed-by: Sven Van Asbroeck <TheSven73@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Bhupesh Sharma <bhsharma@redhat.com> Acked-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
2019-05-15Merge tag 'trace-v5.2' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace Pull tracing updates from Steven Rostedt: "The major changes in this tracing update includes: - Removal of non-DYNAMIC_FTRACE from 32bit x86 - Removal of mcount support from x86 - Emulating a call from int3 on x86_64, fixes live kernel patching - Consolidated Tracing Error logs file Minor updates: - Removal of klp_check_compiler_support() - kdb ftrace dumping output changes - Accessing and creating ftrace instances from inside the kernel - Clean up of #define if macro - Introduction of TRACE_EVENT_NOP() to disable trace events based on config options And other minor fixes and clean ups" * tag 'trace-v5.2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace: (44 commits) x86: Hide the int3_emulate_call/jmp functions from UML livepatch: Remove klp_check_compiler_support() ftrace/x86: Remove mcount support ftrace/x86_32: Remove support for non DYNAMIC_FTRACE tracing: Simplify "if" macro code tracing: Fix documentation about disabling options using trace_options tracing: Replace kzalloc with kcalloc tracing: Fix partial reading of trace event's id file tracing: Allow RCU to run between postponed startup tests tracing: Fix white space issues in parse_pred() function tracing: Eliminate const char[] auto variables ring-buffer: Fix mispelling of Calculate tracing: probeevent: Fix to make the type of $comm string tracing: probeevent: Do not accumulate on ret variable tracing: uprobes: Re-enable $comm support for uprobe events ftrace/x86_64: Emulate call function while updating in breakpoint handler x86_64: Allow breakpoints to emulate call instructions x86_64: Add gap to int3 to allow for call emulation tracing: kdb: Allow ftdump to skip all but the last few entries tracing: Add trace_total_entries() / trace_total_entries_cpu() ...
2019-05-08x86_64: Add gap to int3 to allow for call emulationJosh Poimboeuf
To allow an int3 handler to emulate a call instruction, it must be able to push a return address onto the stack. Add a gap to the stack to allow the int3 handler to push the return address and change the return from int3 to jump straight to the emulated called function target. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181130183917.hxmti5josgq4clti@treble Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190502162133.GX2623@hirez.programming.kicks-ass.net [ Note, this is needed to allow Live Kernel Patching to not miss calling a patched function when tracing is enabled. -- Steven Rostedt ] Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Fixes: b700e7f03df5 ("livepatch: kernel: add support for live patching") Tested-by: Nicolai Stange <nstange@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Nicolai Stange <nstange@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2019-05-06Merge branch 'x86-irq-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull x86 irq updates from Ingo Molnar: "Here are the main changes in this tree: - Introduce x86-64 IRQ/exception/debug stack guard pages to detect stack overflows immediately and deterministically. - Clean up over a decade worth of cruft accumulated. The outcome of this should be more clear-cut faults/crashes when any of the low level x86 CPU stacks overflow, instead of silent memory corruption and sporadic failures much later on" * 'x86-irq-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (33 commits) x86/irq: Fix outdated comments x86/irq/64: Remove stack overflow debug code x86/irq/64: Remap the IRQ stack with guard pages x86/irq/64: Split the IRQ stack into its own pages x86/irq/64: Init hardirq_stack_ptr during CPU hotplug x86/irq/32: Handle irq stack allocation failure proper x86/irq/32: Invoke irq_ctx_init() from init_IRQ() x86/irq/64: Rename irq_stack_ptr to hardirq_stack_ptr x86/irq/32: Rename hard/softirq_stack to hard/softirq_stack_ptr x86/irq/32: Make irq stack a character array x86/irq/32: Define IRQ_STACK_SIZE x86/dumpstack/64: Speedup in_exception_stack() x86/exceptions: Split debug IST stack x86/exceptions: Enable IST guard pages x86/exceptions: Disconnect IST index and stack order x86/cpu: Remove orig_ist array x86/cpu: Prepare TSS.IST setup for guard pages x86/dumpstack/64: Use cpu_entry_area instead of orig_ist x86/irq/64: Use cpu entry area instead of orig_ist x86/traps: Use cpu_entry_area instead of orig_ist ...
2019-04-17x86/irq/64: Split the IRQ stack into its own pagesAndy Lutomirski
Currently, the IRQ stack is hardcoded as the first page of the percpu area, and the stack canary lives on the IRQ stack. The former gets in the way of adding an IRQ stack guard page, and the latter is a potential weakness in the stack canary mechanism. Split the IRQ stack into its own private percpu pages. [ tglx: Make 64 and 32 bit share struct irq_stack ] Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com> Cc: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com> Cc: "Chang S. Bae" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com> Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net> Cc: Feng Tang <feng.tang@intel.com> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Jan Beulich <JBeulich@suse.com> Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Cc: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de> Cc: Jordan Borgner <mail@jordan-borgner.de> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: Maran Wilson <maran.wilson@oracle.com> Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com> Cc: Nicolai Stange <nstange@suse.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Pu Wen <puwen@hygon.cn> Cc: "Rafael Ávila de Espíndola" <rafael@espindo.la> Cc: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> Cc: Stefano Stabellini <sstabellini@kernel.org> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org> Cc: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190414160146.267376656@linutronix.de
2019-04-17x86/irq/64: Rename irq_stack_ptr to hardirq_stack_ptrThomas Gleixner
Preparatory patch to share code with 32bit. No functional changes. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: "Chang S. Bae" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com> Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com> Cc: Nicolai Stange <nstange@suse.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Pingfan Liu <kernelfans@gmail.com> Cc: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190414160145.912584074@linutronix.de
2019-04-17x86/exceptions: Split debug IST stackThomas Gleixner
The debug IST stack is actually two separate debug stacks to handle #DB recursion. This is required because the CPU starts always at top of stack on exception entry, which means on #DB recursion the second #DB would overwrite the stack of the first. The low level entry code therefore adjusts the top of stack on entry so a secondary #DB starts from a different stack page. But the stack pages are adjacent without a guard page between them. Split the debug stack into 3 stacks which are separated by guard pages. The 3rd stack is never mapped into the cpu_entry_area and is only there to catch triple #DB nesting: --- top of DB_stack <- Initial stack --- end of DB_stack guard page --- top of DB1_stack <- Top of stack after entering first #DB --- end of DB1_stack guard page --- top of DB2_stack <- Top of stack after entering second #DB --- end of DB2_stack guard page If DB2 would not act as the final guard hole, a second #DB would point the top of #DB stack to the stack below #DB1 which would be valid and not catch the not so desired triple nesting. The backing store does not allocate any memory for DB2 and its guard page as it is not going to be mapped into the cpu_entry_area. - Adjust the low level entry code so it adjusts top of #DB with the offset between the stacks instead of exception stack size. - Make the dumpstack code aware of the new stacks. - Adjust the in_debug_stack() implementation and move it into the NMI code where it belongs. As this is NMI hotpath code, it just checks the full area between top of DB_stack and bottom of DB1_stack without checking for the guard page. That's correct because the NMI cannot hit a stackpointer pointing to the guard page between DB and DB1 stack. Even if it would, then the NMI operation still is unaffected, but the resume of the debug exception on the topmost DB stack will crash by touching the guard page. [ bp: Make exception_stack_names static const char * const ] Suggested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com> Cc: "Chang S. Bae" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw> Cc: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190414160145.439944544@linutronix.de
2019-04-17x86/exceptions: Disconnect IST index and stack orderThomas Gleixner
The entry order of the TSS.IST array and the order of the stack storage/mapping are not required to be the same. With the upcoming split of the debug stack this is going to fall apart as the number of TSS.IST array entries stays the same while the actual stacks are increasing. Make them separate so that code like dumpstack can just utilize the mapping order. The IST index is solely required for the actual TSS.IST array initialization. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com> Cc: "Chang S. Bae" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com> Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net> Cc: Dou Liyang <douly.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: Nicolai Stange <nstange@suse.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw> Cc: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190414160145.241588113@linutronix.de
2019-04-17x86/exceptions: Make IST index zero basedThomas Gleixner
The defines for the exception stack (IST) array in the TSS are using the SDM convention IST1 - IST7. That causes all sorts of code to subtract 1 for array indices related to IST. That's confusing at best and does not provide any value. Make the indices zero based and fixup the usage sites. The only code which needs to adjust the 0 based index is the interrupt descriptor setup which needs to add 1 now. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com> Cc: "Chang S. Bae" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net> Cc: Dou Liyang <douly.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org Cc: Nicolai Stange <nstange@suse.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw> Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190414160144.331772825@linutronix.de
2019-04-05x86/entry: Remove unneeded need_resched() loopValentin Schneider
Since the enabling and disabling of IRQs within preempt_schedule_irq() is contained in a need_resched() loop, there is no need for the outer architecture specific loop. Signed-off-by: Valentin Schneider <valentin.schneider@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190311224752.8337-14-valentin.schneider@arm.com
2018-12-06kprobes/x86: Blacklist non-attachable interrupt functionsAndrea Righi
These interrupt functions are already non-attachable by kprobes. Blacklist them explicitly so that they can show up in /sys/kernel/debug/kprobes/blacklist and tools like BCC can use this additional information. Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <righi.andrea@gmail.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Anil S Keshavamurthy <anil.s.keshavamurthy@intel.com> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> Cc: Naveen N. Rao <naveen.n.rao@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181206095648.GA8249@Dell Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2018-11-01Merge tag 'stackleak-v4.20-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kees/linux Pull stackleak gcc plugin from Kees Cook: "Please pull this new GCC plugin, stackleak, for v4.20-rc1. This plugin was ported from grsecurity by Alexander Popov. It provides efficient stack content poisoning at syscall exit. This creates a defense against at least two classes of flaws: - Uninitialized stack usage. (We continue to work on improving the compiler to do this in other ways: e.g. unconditional zero init was proposed to GCC and Clang, and more plugin work has started too). - Stack content exposure. By greatly reducing the lifetime of valid stack contents, exposures via either direct read bugs or unknown cache side-channels become much more difficult to exploit. This complements the existing buddy and heap poisoning options, but provides the coverage for stacks. The x86 hooks are included in this series (which have been reviewed by Ingo, Dave Hansen, and Thomas Gleixner). The arm64 hooks have already been merged through the arm64 tree (written by Laura Abbott and reviewed by Mark Rutland and Will Deacon). With VLAs having been removed this release, there is no need for alloca() protection, so it has been removed from the plugin" * tag 'stackleak-v4.20-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kees/linux: arm64: Drop unneeded stackleak_check_alloca() stackleak: Allow runtime disabling of kernel stack erasing doc: self-protection: Add information about STACKLEAK feature fs/proc: Show STACKLEAK metrics in the /proc file system lkdtm: Add a test for STACKLEAK gcc-plugins: Add STACKLEAK plugin for tracking the kernel stack x86/entry: Add STACKLEAK erasing the kernel stack at the end of syscalls
2018-10-23Merge branch 'x86-pti-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull x86 pti updates from Ingo Molnar: "The main changes: - Make the IBPB barrier more strict and add STIBP support (Jiri Kosina) - Micro-optimize and clean up the entry code (Andy Lutomirski) - ... plus misc other fixes" * 'x86-pti-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86/speculation: Propagate information about RSB filling mitigation to sysfs x86/speculation: Enable cross-hyperthread spectre v2 STIBP mitigation x86/speculation: Apply IBPB more strictly to avoid cross-process data leak x86/speculation: Add RETPOLINE_AMD support to the inline asm CALL_NOSPEC variant x86/CPU: Fix unused variable warning when !CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION x86/pti/64: Remove the SYSCALL64 entry trampoline x86/entry/64: Use the TSS sp2 slot for SYSCALL/SYSRET scratch space x86/entry/64: Document idtentry
2018-10-23Merge branch 'x86-paravirt-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull x86 paravirt updates from Ingo Molnar: "Two main changes: - Remove no longer used parts of the paravirt infrastructure and put large quantities of paravirt ops under a new config option PARAVIRT_XXL=y, which is selected by XEN_PV only. (Joergen Gross) - Enable PV spinlocks on Hyperv (Yi Sun)" * 'x86-paravirt-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86/hyperv: Enable PV qspinlock for Hyper-V x86/hyperv: Add GUEST_IDLE_MSR support x86/paravirt: Clean up native_patch() x86/paravirt: Prevent redefinition of SAVE_FLAGS macro x86/xen: Make xen_reservation_lock static x86/paravirt: Remove unneeded mmu related paravirt ops bits x86/paravirt: Move the Xen-only pv_mmu_ops under the PARAVIRT_XXL umbrella x86/paravirt: Move the pv_irq_ops under the PARAVIRT_XXL umbrella x86/paravirt: Move the Xen-only pv_cpu_ops under the PARAVIRT_XXL umbrella x86/paravirt: Move items in pv_info under PARAVIRT_XXL umbrella x86/paravirt: Introduce new config option PARAVIRT_XXL x86/paravirt: Remove unused paravirt bits x86/paravirt: Use a single ops structure x86/paravirt: Remove clobbers from struct paravirt_patch_site x86/paravirt: Remove clobbers parameter from paravirt patch functions x86/paravirt: Make paravirt_patch_call() and paravirt_patch_jmp() static x86/xen: Add SPDX identifier in arch/x86/xen files x86/xen: Link platform-pci-unplug.o only if CONFIG_XEN_PVHVM x86/xen: Move pv specific parts of arch/x86/xen/mmu.c to mmu_pv.c x86/xen: Move pv irq related functions under CONFIG_XEN_PV umbrella
2018-10-17x86/entry/64: Further improve paranoid_entry commentsAndy Lutomirski
Commit: 16561f27f94e ("x86/entry: Add some paranoid entry/exit CR3 handling comments") ... added some comments. This improves them a bit: - When I first read the new comments, it was unclear to me whether they were referring to the case where paranoid_entry interrupted other entry code or where paranoid_entry was itself interrupted. Clarify it. - Remove the EBX comment. We no longer use EBX as a SWAPGS indicator. Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/c47daa1888dc2298e7e1d3f82bd76b776ea33393.1539542111.git.luto@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2018-10-14x86/entry: Add some paranoid entry/exit CR3 handling commentsDave Hansen
Andi Kleen was just asking me about the NMI CR3 handling and why we restore it unconditionally. I was *sure* we had documented it well. We did not. Add some documentation. We have common entry code where the CR3 value is stashed, but three places in two big code paths where we restore it. I put bulk of the comments in this common path and then refer to it from the other spots. Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: luto@kernel.org Cc: bp@alien8.de Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.come Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181012232118.3EAAE77B@viggo.jf.intel.com
2018-09-12x86/pti/64: Remove the SYSCALL64 entry trampolineAndy Lutomirski
The SYSCALL64 trampoline has a couple of nice properties: - The usual sequence of SWAPGS followed by two GS-relative accesses to set up RSP is somewhat slow because the GS-relative accesses need to wait for SWAPGS to finish. The trampoline approach allows RIP-relative accesses to set up RSP, which avoids the stall. - The trampoline avoids any percpu access before CR3 is set up, which means that no percpu memory needs to be mapped in the user page tables. This prevents using Meltdown to read any percpu memory outside the cpu_entry_area and prevents using timing leaks to directly locate the percpu areas. The downsides of using a trampoline may outweigh the upsides, however. It adds an extra non-contiguous I$ cache line to system calls, and it forces an indirect jump to transfer control back to the normal kernel text after CR3 is set up. The latter is because x86 lacks a 64-bit direct jump instruction that could jump from the trampoline to the entry text. With retpolines enabled, the indirect jump is extremely slow. Change the code to map the percpu TSS into the user page tables to allow the non-trampoline SYSCALL64 path to work under PTI. This does not add a new direct information leak, since the TSS is readable by Meltdown from the cpu_entry_area alias regardless. It does allow a timing attack to locate the percpu area, but KASLR is more or less a lost cause against local attack on CPUs vulnerable to Meltdown regardless. As far as I'm concerned, on current hardware, KASLR is only useful to mitigate remote attacks that try to attack the kernel without first gaining RCE against a vulnerable user process. On Skylake, with CONFIG_RETPOLINE=y and KPTI on, this reduces syscall overhead from ~237ns to ~228ns. There is a possible alternative approach: Move the trampoline within 2G of the entry text and make a separate copy for each CPU. This would allow a direct jump to rejoin the normal entry path. There are pro's and con's for this approach: + It avoids a pipeline stall - It executes from an extra page and read from another extra page during the syscall. The latter is because it needs to use a relative addressing mode to find sp1 -- it's the same *cacheline*, but accessed using an alias, so it's an extra TLB entry. - Slightly more memory. This would be one page per CPU for a simple implementation and 64-ish bytes per CPU or one page per node for a more complex implementation. - More code complexity. The current approach is chosen for simplicity and because the alternative does not provide a significant benefit, which makes it worth. [ tglx: Added the alternative discussion to the changelog ] Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com> Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@kernel.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org> Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/8c7c6e483612c3e4e10ca89495dc160b1aa66878.1536015544.git.luto@kernel.org