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authorAndrey Smirnov <andrew.smirnov@gmail.com>2018-10-17 11:27:18 -0700
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2018-11-11 12:58:27 -0800
commit1e5106031f298af4ad29c2eb866780d9a21e9ab4 (patch)
tree9bc1380a216ac0fc6b10b4855d68337f8a02ef25 /tools/firmware
parent4fcba7802c3e15a6e56e255871d6c72f829b9dd8 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-1e5106031f298af4ad29c2eb866780d9a21e9ab4.tar.gz
tools: Add 'firmware' category and add ihex2fw tool
Commit 5620a0d1aacd ("firmware: delete in-kernel firmware") removed ihex2fw tool together with the rest of the contents of firmware/ folder. Since that tool is quite useful for doing .ihex -> .fw converstion, restore its original source code to tools/firmware Suggested-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Kyle McMartin <kyle@kernel.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: linux-kernel <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrey Smirnov <andrew.smirnov@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'tools/firmware')
-rw-r--r--tools/firmware/Makefile13
-rw-r--r--tools/firmware/ihex2fw.c281
2 files changed, 294 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/tools/firmware/Makefile b/tools/firmware/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d329825aa31b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/firmware/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+# Makefile for firmware tools
+
+CFLAGS = -Wall -Wextra -g
+
+all: ihex2fw
+%: %.c
+ $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -o $@ $^
+
+clean:
+ $(RM) ihex2fw
+
+.PHONY: all clean \ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/tools/firmware/ihex2fw.c b/tools/firmware/ihex2fw.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b58dd061e978
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/firmware/ihex2fw.c
@@ -0,0 +1,281 @@
+/*
+ * Parser/loader for IHEX formatted data.
+ *
+ * Copyright © 2008 David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
+ * Copyright © 2005 Jan Harkes <jaharkes@cs.cmu.edu>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <arpa/inet.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#include <getopt.h>
+
+
+struct ihex_binrec {
+ struct ihex_binrec *next; /* not part of the real data structure */
+ uint32_t addr;
+ uint16_t len;
+ uint8_t data[];
+};
+
+/**
+ * nybble/hex are little helpers to parse hexadecimal numbers to a byte value
+ **/
+static uint8_t nybble(const uint8_t n)
+{
+ if (n >= '0' && n <= '9') return n - '0';
+ else if (n >= 'A' && n <= 'F') return n - ('A' - 10);
+ else if (n >= 'a' && n <= 'f') return n - ('a' - 10);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static uint8_t hex(const uint8_t *data, uint8_t *crc)
+{
+ uint8_t val = (nybble(data[0]) << 4) | nybble(data[1]);
+ *crc += val;
+ return val;
+}
+
+static int process_ihex(uint8_t *data, ssize_t size);
+static void file_record(struct ihex_binrec *record);
+static int output_records(int outfd);
+
+static int sort_records = 0;
+static int wide_records = 0;
+static int include_jump = 0;
+
+static int usage(void)
+{
+ fprintf(stderr, "ihex2fw: Convert ihex files into binary "
+ "representation for use by Linux kernel\n");
+ fprintf(stderr, "usage: ihex2fw [<options>] <src.HEX> <dst.fw>\n");
+ fprintf(stderr, " -w: wide records (16-bit length)\n");
+ fprintf(stderr, " -s: sort records by address\n");
+ fprintf(stderr, " -j: include records for CS:IP/EIP address\n");
+ return 1;
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ int infd, outfd;
+ struct stat st;
+ uint8_t *data;
+ int opt;
+
+ while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "wsj")) != -1) {
+ switch (opt) {
+ case 'w':
+ wide_records = 1;
+ break;
+ case 's':
+ sort_records = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'j':
+ include_jump = 1;
+ break;
+ default:
+ return usage();
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (optind + 2 != argc)
+ return usage();
+
+ if (!strcmp(argv[optind], "-"))
+ infd = 0;
+ else
+ infd = open(argv[optind], O_RDONLY);
+ if (infd == -1) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open source file: %s",
+ strerror(errno));
+ return usage();
+ }
+ if (fstat(infd, &st)) {
+ perror("stat");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ data = mmap(NULL, st.st_size, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, infd, 0);
+ if (data == MAP_FAILED) {
+ perror("mmap");
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ if (!strcmp(argv[optind+1], "-"))
+ outfd = 1;
+ else
+ outfd = open(argv[optind+1], O_TRUNC|O_CREAT|O_WRONLY, 0644);
+ if (outfd == -1) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open destination file: %s",
+ strerror(errno));
+ return usage();
+ }
+ if (process_ihex(data, st.st_size))
+ return 1;
+
+ return output_records(outfd);
+}
+
+static int process_ihex(uint8_t *data, ssize_t size)
+{
+ struct ihex_binrec *record;
+ uint32_t offset = 0;
+ uint32_t data32;
+ uint8_t type, crc = 0, crcbyte = 0;
+ int i, j;
+ int line = 1;
+ int len;
+
+ i = 0;
+next_record:
+ /* search for the start of record character */
+ while (i < size) {
+ if (data[i] == '\n') line++;
+ if (data[i++] == ':') break;
+ }
+
+ /* Minimum record length would be about 10 characters */
+ if (i + 10 > size) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Can't find valid record at line %d\n", line);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ len = hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
+ if (wide_records) {
+ len <<= 8;
+ len += hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
+ }
+ record = malloc((sizeof (*record) + len + 3) & ~3);
+ if (!record) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "out of memory for records\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ memset(record, 0, (sizeof(*record) + len + 3) & ~3);
+ record->len = len;
+
+ /* now check if we have enough data to read everything */
+ if (i + 8 + (record->len * 2) > size) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Not enough data to read complete record at line %d\n",
+ line);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ record->addr = hex(data + i, &crc) << 8; i += 2;
+ record->addr |= hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
+ type = hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
+
+ for (j = 0; j < record->len; j++, i += 2)
+ record->data[j] = hex(data + i, &crc);
+
+ /* check CRC */
+ crcbyte = hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
+ if (crc != 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "CRC failure at line %d: got 0x%X, expected 0x%X\n",
+ line, crcbyte, (unsigned char)(crcbyte-crc));
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* Done reading the record */
+ switch (type) {
+ case 0:
+ /* old style EOF record? */
+ if (!record->len)
+ break;
+
+ record->addr += offset;
+ file_record(record);
+ goto next_record;
+
+ case 1: /* End-Of-File Record */
+ if (record->addr || record->len) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Bad EOF record (type 01) format at line %d",
+ line);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case 2: /* Extended Segment Address Record (HEX86) */
+ case 4: /* Extended Linear Address Record (HEX386) */
+ if (record->addr || record->len != 2) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Bad HEX86/HEX386 record (type %02X) at line %d\n",
+ type, line);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* We shouldn't really be using the offset for HEX86 because
+ * the wraparound case is specified quite differently. */
+ offset = record->data[0] << 8 | record->data[1];
+ offset <<= (type == 2 ? 4 : 16);
+ goto next_record;
+
+ case 3: /* Start Segment Address Record */
+ case 5: /* Start Linear Address Record */
+ if (record->addr || record->len != 4) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Bad Start Address record (type %02X) at line %d\n",
+ type, line);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ memcpy(&data32, &record->data[0], sizeof(data32));
+ data32 = htonl(data32);
+ memcpy(&record->data[0], &data32, sizeof(data32));
+
+ /* These records contain the CS/IP or EIP where execution
+ * starts. If requested output this as a record. */
+ if (include_jump)
+ file_record(record);
+ goto next_record;
+
+ default:
+ fprintf(stderr, "Unknown record (type %02X)\n", type);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct ihex_binrec *records;
+
+static void file_record(struct ihex_binrec *record)
+{
+ struct ihex_binrec **p = &records;
+
+ while ((*p) && (!sort_records || (*p)->addr < record->addr))
+ p = &((*p)->next);
+
+ record->next = *p;
+ *p = record;
+}
+
+static int output_records(int outfd)
+{
+ unsigned char zeroes[6] = {0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0};
+ struct ihex_binrec *p = records;
+
+ while (p) {
+ uint16_t writelen = (p->len + 9) & ~3;
+
+ p->addr = htonl(p->addr);
+ p->len = htons(p->len);
+ if (write(outfd, &p->addr, writelen) != writelen)
+ return 1;
+ p = p->next;
+ }
+ /* EOF record is zero length, since we don't bother to represent
+ the type field in the binary version */
+ if (write(outfd, zeroes, 6) != 6)
+ return 1;
+ return 0;
+}