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authorbrakmo <brakmo@fb.com>2019-03-01 12:38:50 -0800
committerAlexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>2019-03-02 10:48:27 -0800
commit4ffd44cfd147d157406a26c995cd0c373bffd7a0 (patch)
treeef52094b0822f1ae7b3b152f92e5ecb535064180 /samples
parenta1270fe95b74eb3195b107c494ed1f11b932a278 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-4ffd44cfd147d157406a26c995cd0c373bffd7a0.tar.gz
bpf: HBM test script
Script for testing HBM (Host Bandwidth Manager) framework. It creates a cgroup to use for testing and load a BPF program to limit egress bandwidht. It then uses iperf3 or netperf to create loads. The output is the goodput in Mbps (unless -D is used). It can work on a single host using loopback or among two hosts (with netperf). When using loopback, it is recommended to also introduce a delay of at least 1ms (-d=1), otherwise the assigned bandwidth is likely to be underutilized. USAGE: $name [out] [-b=<prog>|--bpf=<prog>] [-c=<cc>|--cc=<cc>] [-D] [-d=<delay>|--delay=<delay>] [--debug] [-E] [-f=<#flows>|--flows=<#flows>] [-h] [-i=<id>|--id=<id >] [-l] [-N] [-p=<port>|--port=<port>] [-P] [-q=<qdisc>] [-R] [-s=<server>|--server=<server] [--stats] [-t=<time>|--time=<time>] [-w] [cubic|dctcp] Where: out Egress (default egress) -b or --bpf BPF program filename to load and attach. Default is nrm_out_kern.o for egress, -c or -cc TCP congestion control (cubic or dctcp) -d or --delay Add a delay in ms using netem -D In addition to the goodput in Mbps, it also outputs other detailed information. This information is test dependent (i.e. iperf3 or netperf). --debug Print BPF trace buffer -E Enable ECN (not required for dctcp) -f or --flows Number of concurrent flows (default=1) -i or --id cgroup id (an integer, default is 1) -l Do not limit flows using loopback -N Use netperf instead of iperf3 -h Help -p or --port iperf3 port (default is 5201) -P Use an iperf3 instance for each flow -q Use the specified qdisc. -r or --rate Rate in Mbps (default 1s 1Gbps) -R Use TCP_RR for netperf. 1st flow has req size of 10KB, rest of 1MB. Reply in all cases is 1 byte. More detailed output for each flow can be found in the files netperf.<cg>.<flow>, where <cg> is the cgroup id as specified with the -i flag, and <flow> is the flow id starting at 1 and increasing by 1 for flow (as specified by -f). -s or --server hostname of netperf server. Used to create netperf test traffic between to hosts (default is within host) netserver must be running on the host. --stats Get HBM stats (marked, dropped, etc.) -t or --time duration of iperf3 in seconds (default=5) -w Work conserving flag. cgroup can increase its bandwidth beyond the rate limit specified while there is available bandwidth. Current implementation assumes there is only one NIC (eth0), but can be extended to support multiple NICs. This is just a proof of concept. cubic or dctcp specify TCP CC to use Examples: ./do_hbm_test.sh -l -d=1 -D --stats Runs a 5 second test, using a single iperf3 flow and with the default rate limit of 1Gbps and a delay of 1ms (using netem) using the default TCP congestion control on the loopback device (hence we use "-l" to enforce bandwidth limit on loopback device). Since no direction is specified, it defaults to egress. Since no TCP CC algorithm is specified it uses the system default (Cubic for this test). With no -D flag, only the value of the AGGREGATE OUTPUT would show. id refers to the cgroup id and is useful when running multi cgroup tests (supported by a future patch). This patchset does not support calling TCP's congesion window reduction, even when packets are dropped by the BPF program, resulting in a large number of packets dropped. It is recommended that the current HBM implemenation only be used with ECN enabled flows. A future patch will add support for reducing TCP's cwnd and will increase the performance of non-ECN enabled flows. Output: Details for HBM in cgroup 1 id:1 rate_mbps:493 duration:4.8 secs packets:11355 bytes_MB:590 pkts_dropped:4497 bytes_dropped_MB:292 pkts_marked_percent: 39.60 bytes_marked_percent: 49.49 pkts_dropped_percent: 39.60 bytes_dropped_percent: 49.49 PING AVG DELAY:2.075 AGGREGATE_GOODPUT:505 ./do_nrm_test.sh -l -d=1 -D --stats dctcp Same as above but using dctcp. Note that fewer bytes are dropped (0.01% vs. 49%). Output: Details for HBM in cgroup 1 id:1 rate_mbps:945 duration:4.9 secs packets:16859 bytes_MB:578 pkts_dropped:1 bytes_dropped_MB:0 pkts_marked_percent: 28.74 bytes_marked_percent: 45.15 pkts_dropped_percent: 0.01 bytes_dropped_percent: 0.01 PING AVG DELAY:2.083 AGGREGATE_GOODPUT:965 ./do_nrm_test.sh -d=1 -D --stats As first example, but without limiting loopback device (i.e. no "-l" flag). Since there is no bandwidth limiting, no details for HBM are printed out. Output: Details for HBM in cgroup 1 PING AVG DELAY:2.019 AGGREGATE_GOODPUT:42655 ./do_hbm.sh -l -d=1 -D --stats -f=2 Uses iper3 and does 2 flows ./do_hbm.sh -l -d=1 -D --stats -f=4 -P Uses iperf3 and does 4 flows, each flow as a separate process. ./do_hbm.sh -l -d=1 -D --stats -f=4 -N Uses netperf, 4 flows ./do_hbm.sh -f=1 -r=2000 -t=5 -N -D --stats dctcp -s=<server-name> Uses netperf between two hosts. The remote host name is specified with -s= and you need to start the program netserver manually on the remote host. It will use 1 flow, a rate limit of 2Gbps and dctcp. ./do_hbm.sh -f=1 -r=2000 -t=5 -N -D --stats -w dctcp \ -s=<server-name> As previous, but allows use of extra bandwidth. For this test the rate is 8Gbps vs. 1Gbps of the previous test. Signed-off-by: Lawrence Brakmo <brakmo@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'samples')
-rwxr-xr-xsamples/bpf/do_hbm_test.sh436
1 files changed, 436 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/samples/bpf/do_hbm_test.sh b/samples/bpf/do_hbm_test.sh
new file mode 100755
index 000000000000..56c8b4115c95
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/do_hbm_test.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,436 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#
+# Copyright (c) 2019 Facebook
+#
+# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+# modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
+# License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+
+Usage() {
+ echo "Script for testing HBM (Host Bandwidth Manager) framework."
+ echo "It creates a cgroup to use for testing and load a BPF program to limit"
+ echo "egress or ingress bandwidht. It then uses iperf3 or netperf to create"
+ echo "loads. The output is the goodput in Mbps (unless -D was used)."
+ echo ""
+ echo "USAGE: $name [out] [-b=<prog>|--bpf=<prog>] [-c=<cc>|--cc=<cc>] [-D]"
+ echo " [-d=<delay>|--delay=<delay>] [--debug] [-E]"
+ echo " [-f=<#flows>|--flows=<#flows>] [-h] [-i=<id>|--id=<id >]"
+ echo " [-l] [-N] [-p=<port>|--port=<port>] [-P]"
+ echo " [-q=<qdisc>] [-R] [-s=<server>|--server=<server]"
+ echo " [-S|--stats] -t=<time>|--time=<time>] [-w] [cubic|dctcp]"
+ echo " Where:"
+ echo " out egress (default)"
+ echo " -b or --bpf BPF program filename to load and attach."
+ echo " Default is hbm_out_kern.o for egress,"
+ echo " -c or -cc TCP congestion control (cubic or dctcp)"
+ echo " --debug print BPF trace buffer"
+ echo " -d or --delay add a delay in ms using netem"
+ echo " -D In addition to the goodput in Mbps, it also outputs"
+ echo " other detailed information. This information is"
+ echo " test dependent (i.e. iperf3 or netperf)."
+ echo " -E enable ECN (not required for dctcp)"
+ echo " -f or --flows number of concurrent flows (default=1)"
+ echo " -i or --id cgroup id (an integer, default is 1)"
+ echo " -N use netperf instead of iperf3"
+ echo " -l do not limit flows using loopback"
+ echo " -h Help"
+ echo " -p or --port iperf3 port (default is 5201)"
+ echo " -P use an iperf3 instance for each flow"
+ echo " -q use the specified qdisc"
+ echo " -r or --rate rate in Mbps (default 1s 1Gbps)"
+ echo " -R Use TCP_RR for netperf. 1st flow has req"
+ echo " size of 10KB, rest of 1MB. Reply in all"
+ echo " cases is 1 byte."
+ echo " More detailed output for each flow can be found"
+ echo " in the files netperf.<cg>.<flow>, where <cg> is the"
+ echo " cgroup id as specified with the -i flag, and <flow>"
+ echo " is the flow id starting at 1 and increasing by 1 for"
+ echo " flow (as specified by -f)."
+ echo " -s or --server hostname of netperf server. Used to create netperf"
+ echo " test traffic between to hosts (default is within host)"
+ echo " netserver must be running on the host."
+ echo " -S or --stats whether to update hbm stats (default is yes)."
+ echo " -t or --time duration of iperf3 in seconds (default=5)"
+ echo " -w Work conserving flag. cgroup can increase its"
+ echo " bandwidth beyond the rate limit specified"
+ echo " while there is available bandwidth. Current"
+ echo " implementation assumes there is only one NIC"
+ echo " (eth0), but can be extended to support multiple"
+ echo " NICs."
+ echo " cubic or dctcp specify which TCP CC to use"
+ echo " "
+ exit
+}
+
+#set -x
+
+debug_flag=0
+args="$@"
+name="$0"
+netem=0
+cc=x
+dir="-o"
+dir_name="out"
+dur=5
+flows=1
+id=1
+prog=""
+port=5201
+rate=1000
+multi_iperf=0
+flow_cnt=1
+use_netperf=0
+rr=0
+ecn=0
+details=0
+server=""
+qdisc=""
+flags=""
+do_stats=0
+
+function start_hbm () {
+ rm -f hbm.out
+ echo "./hbm $dir -n $id -r $rate -t $dur $flags $dbg $prog" > hbm.out
+ echo " " >> hbm.out
+ ./hbm $dir -n $id -r $rate -t $dur $flags $dbg $prog >> hbm.out 2>&1 &
+ echo $!
+}
+
+processArgs () {
+ for i in $args ; do
+ case $i in
+ # Support for upcomming ingress rate limiting
+ #in) # support for upcoming ingress rate limiting
+ # dir="-i"
+ # dir_name="in"
+ # ;;
+ out)
+ dir="-o"
+ dir_name="out"
+ ;;
+ -b=*|--bpf=*)
+ prog="${i#*=}"
+ ;;
+ -c=*|--cc=*)
+ cc="${i#*=}"
+ ;;
+ --debug)
+ flags="$flags -d"
+ debug_flag=1
+ ;;
+ -d=*|--delay=*)
+ netem="${i#*=}"
+ ;;
+ -D)
+ details=1
+ ;;
+ -E)
+ ecn=1
+ ;;
+ # Support for upcomming fq Early Departure Time egress rate limiting
+ #--edt)
+ # prog="hbm_out_edt_kern.o"
+ # qdisc="fq"
+ # ;;
+ -f=*|--flows=*)
+ flows="${i#*=}"
+ ;;
+ -i=*|--id=*)
+ id="${i#*=}"
+ ;;
+ -l)
+ flags="$flags -l"
+ ;;
+ -N)
+ use_netperf=1
+ ;;
+ -p=*|--port=*)
+ port="${i#*=}"
+ ;;
+ -P)
+ multi_iperf=1
+ ;;
+ -q=*)
+ qdisc="${i#*=}"
+ ;;
+ -r=*|--rate=*)
+ rate="${i#*=}"
+ ;;
+ -R)
+ rr=1
+ ;;
+ -s=*|--server=*)
+ server="${i#*=}"
+ ;;
+ -S|--stats)
+ flags="$flags -s"
+ do_stats=1
+ ;;
+ -t=*|--time=*)
+ dur="${i#*=}"
+ ;;
+ -w)
+ flags="$flags -w"
+ ;;
+ cubic)
+ cc=cubic
+ ;;
+ dctcp)
+ cc=dctcp
+ ;;
+ *)
+ echo "Unknown arg:$i"
+ Usage
+ ;;
+ esac
+ done
+}
+
+processArgs
+
+if [ $debug_flag -eq 1 ] ; then
+ rm -f hbm_out.log
+fi
+
+hbm_pid=$(start_hbm)
+usleep 100000
+
+host=`hostname`
+cg_base_dir=/sys/fs/cgroup
+cg_dir="$cg_base_dir/cgroup-test-work-dir/hbm$id"
+
+echo $$ >> $cg_dir/cgroup.procs
+
+ulimit -l unlimited
+
+rm -f ss.out
+rm -f hbm.[0-9]*.$dir_name
+if [ $ecn -ne 0 ] ; then
+ sysctl -w -q -n net.ipv4.tcp_ecn=1
+fi
+
+if [ $use_netperf -eq 0 ] ; then
+ cur_cc=`sysctl -n net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control`
+ if [ "$cc" != "x" ] ; then
+ sysctl -w -q -n net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control=$cc
+ fi
+fi
+
+if [ "$netem" -ne "0" ] ; then
+ if [ "$qdisc" != "" ] ; then
+ echo "WARNING: Ignoring -q options because -d option used"
+ fi
+ tc qdisc del dev lo root > /dev/null 2>&1
+ tc qdisc add dev lo root netem delay $netem\ms > /dev/null 2>&1
+elif [ "$qdisc" != "" ] ; then
+ tc qdisc del dev lo root > /dev/null 2>&1
+ tc qdisc add dev lo root $qdisc > /dev/null 2>&1
+fi
+
+n=0
+m=$[$dur * 5]
+hn="::1"
+if [ $use_netperf -ne 0 ] ; then
+ if [ "$server" != "" ] ; then
+ hn=$server
+ fi
+fi
+
+( ping6 -i 0.2 -c $m $hn > ping.out 2>&1 ) &
+
+if [ $use_netperf -ne 0 ] ; then
+ begNetserverPid=`ps ax | grep netserver | grep --invert-match "grep" | \
+ awk '{ print $1 }'`
+ if [ "$begNetserverPid" == "" ] ; then
+ if [ "$server" == "" ] ; then
+ ( ./netserver > /dev/null 2>&1) &
+ usleep 100000
+ fi
+ fi
+ flow_cnt=1
+ if [ "$server" == "" ] ; then
+ np_server=$host
+ else
+ np_server=$server
+ fi
+ if [ "$cc" == "x" ] ; then
+ np_cc=""
+ else
+ np_cc="-K $cc,$cc"
+ fi
+ replySize=1
+ while [ $flow_cnt -le $flows ] ; do
+ if [ $rr -ne 0 ] ; then
+ reqSize=1M
+ if [ $flow_cnt -eq 1 ] ; then
+ reqSize=10K
+ fi
+ if [ "$dir" == "-i" ] ; then
+ replySize=$reqSize
+ reqSize=1
+ fi
+ ( ./netperf -H $np_server -l $dur -f m -j -t TCP_RR -- -r $reqSize,$replySize $np_cc -k P50_lATENCY,P90_LATENCY,LOCAL_TRANSPORT_RETRANS,REMOTE_TRANSPORT_RETRANS,LOCAL_SEND_THROUGHPUT,LOCAL_RECV_THROUGHPUT,REQUEST_SIZE,RESPONSE_SIZE > netperf.$id.$flow_cnt ) &
+ else
+ if [ "$dir" == "-i" ] ; then
+ ( ./netperf -H $np_server -l $dur -f m -j -t TCP_RR -- -r 1,10M $np_cc -k P50_LATENCY,P90_LATENCY,LOCAL_TRANSPORT_RETRANS,LOCAL_SEND_THROUGHPUT,REMOTE_TRANSPORT_RETRANS,REMOTE_SEND_THROUGHPUT,REQUEST_SIZE,RESPONSE_SIZE > netperf.$id.$flow_cnt ) &
+ else
+ ( ./netperf -H $np_server -l $dur -f m -j -t TCP_STREAM -- $np_cc -k P50_lATENCY,P90_LATENCY,LOCAL_TRANSPORT_RETRANS,LOCAL_SEND_THROUGHPUT,REQUEST_SIZE,RESPONSE_SIZE > netperf.$id.$flow_cnt ) &
+ fi
+ fi
+ flow_cnt=$[flow_cnt+1]
+ done
+
+# sleep for duration of test (plus some buffer)
+ n=$[dur+2]
+ sleep $n
+
+# force graceful termination of netperf
+ pids=`pgrep netperf`
+ for p in $pids ; do
+ kill -SIGALRM $p
+ done
+
+ flow_cnt=1
+ rate=0
+ if [ $details -ne 0 ] ; then
+ echo ""
+ echo "Details for HBM in cgroup $id"
+ if [ $do_stats -eq 1 ] ; then
+ if [ -e hbm.$id.$dir_name ] ; then
+ cat hbm.$id.$dir_name
+ fi
+ fi
+ fi
+ while [ $flow_cnt -le $flows ] ; do
+ if [ "$dir" == "-i" ] ; then
+ r=`cat netperf.$id.$flow_cnt | grep -o "REMOTE_SEND_THROUGHPUT=[0-9]*" | grep -o "[0-9]*"`
+ else
+ r=`cat netperf.$id.$flow_cnt | grep -o "LOCAL_SEND_THROUGHPUT=[0-9]*" | grep -o "[0-9]*"`
+ fi
+ echo "rate for flow $flow_cnt: $r"
+ rate=$[rate+r]
+ if [ $details -ne 0 ] ; then
+ echo "-----"
+ echo "Details for cgroup $id, flow $flow_cnt"
+ cat netperf.$id.$flow_cnt
+ fi
+ flow_cnt=$[flow_cnt+1]
+ done
+ if [ $details -ne 0 ] ; then
+ echo ""
+ delay=`grep "avg" ping.out | grep -o "= [0-9.]*/[0-9.]*" | grep -o "[0-9.]*$"`
+ echo "PING AVG DELAY:$delay"
+ echo "AGGREGATE_GOODPUT:$rate"
+ else
+ echo $rate
+ fi
+elif [ $multi_iperf -eq 0 ] ; then
+ (iperf3 -s -p $port -1 > /dev/null 2>&1) &
+ usleep 100000
+ iperf3 -c $host -p $port -i 0 -P $flows -f m -t $dur > iperf.$id
+ rates=`grep receiver iperf.$id | grep -o "[0-9.]* Mbits" | grep -o "^[0-9]*"`
+ rate=`echo $rates | grep -o "[0-9]*$"`
+
+ if [ $details -ne 0 ] ; then
+ echo ""
+ echo "Details for HBM in cgroup $id"
+ if [ $do_stats -eq 1 ] ; then
+ if [ -e hbm.$id.$dir_name ] ; then
+ cat hbm.$id.$dir_name
+ fi
+ fi
+ delay=`grep "avg" ping.out | grep -o "= [0-9.]*/[0-9.]*" | grep -o "[0-9.]*$"`
+ echo "PING AVG DELAY:$delay"
+ echo "AGGREGATE_GOODPUT:$rate"
+ else
+ echo $rate
+ fi
+else
+ flow_cnt=1
+ while [ $flow_cnt -le $flows ] ; do
+ (iperf3 -s -p $port -1 > /dev/null 2>&1) &
+ ( iperf3 -c $host -p $port -i 0 -P 1 -f m -t $dur | grep receiver | grep -o "[0-9.]* Mbits" | grep -o "^[0-9]*" | grep -o "[0-9]*$" > iperf3.$id.$flow_cnt ) &
+ port=$[port+1]
+ flow_cnt=$[flow_cnt+1]
+ done
+ n=$[dur+1]
+ sleep $n
+ flow_cnt=1
+ rate=0
+ if [ $details -ne 0 ] ; then
+ echo ""
+ echo "Details for HBM in cgroup $id"
+ if [ $do_stats -eq 1 ] ; then
+ if [ -e hbm.$id.$dir_name ] ; then
+ cat hbm.$id.$dir_name
+ fi
+ fi
+ fi
+
+ while [ $flow_cnt -le $flows ] ; do
+ r=`cat iperf3.$id.$flow_cnt`
+# echo "rate for flow $flow_cnt: $r"
+ if [ $details -ne 0 ] ; then
+ echo "Rate for cgroup $id, flow $flow_cnt LOCAL_SEND_THROUGHPUT=$r"
+ fi
+ rate=$[rate+r]
+ flow_cnt=$[flow_cnt+1]
+ done
+ if [ $details -ne 0 ] ; then
+ delay=`grep "avg" ping.out | grep -o "= [0-9.]*/[0-9.]*" | grep -o "[0-9.]*$"`
+ echo "PING AVG DELAY:$delay"
+ echo "AGGREGATE_GOODPUT:$rate"
+ else
+ echo $rate
+ fi
+fi
+
+if [ $use_netperf -eq 0 ] ; then
+ sysctl -w -q -n net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control=$cur_cc
+fi
+if [ $ecn -ne 0 ] ; then
+ sysctl -w -q -n net.ipv4.tcp_ecn=0
+fi
+if [ "$netem" -ne "0" ] ; then
+ tc qdisc del dev lo root > /dev/null 2>&1
+fi
+
+sleep 2
+
+hbmPid=`ps ax | grep "hbm " | grep --invert-match "grep" | awk '{ print $1 }'`
+if [ "$hbmPid" == "$hbm_pid" ] ; then
+ kill $hbm_pid
+fi
+
+sleep 1
+
+# Detach any BPF programs that may have lingered
+ttx=`bpftool cgroup tree | grep hbm`
+v=2
+for x in $ttx ; do
+ if [ "${x:0:36}" == "/sys/fs/cgroup/cgroup-test-work-dir/" ] ; then
+ cg=$x ; v=0
+ else
+ if [ $v -eq 0 ] ; then
+ id=$x ; v=1
+ else
+ if [ $v -eq 1 ] ; then
+ type=$x ; bpftool cgroup detach $cg $type id $id
+ v=0
+ fi
+ fi
+ fi
+done
+
+if [ $use_netperf -ne 0 ] ; then
+ if [ "$server" == "" ] ; then
+ if [ "$begNetserverPid" == "" ] ; then
+ netserverPid=`ps ax | grep netserver | grep --invert-match "grep" | awk '{ print $1 }'`
+ if [ "$netserverPid" != "" ] ; then
+ kill $netserverPid
+ fi
+ fi
+ fi
+fi
+exit