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authorGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2017-11-01 15:07:57 +0100
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2017-11-02 11:10:55 +0100
commitb24413180f5600bcb3bb70fbed5cf186b60864bd (patch)
tree4ebcae0dab27ee8bfcecb9a5daf65353c6dd7ed6 /net
parentbb176f67090ca54869fc1262c913aa69d2ede070 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-b24413180f5600bcb3bb70fbed5cf186b60864bd.tar.gz
License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'net')
-rw-r--r--net/6lowpan/6lowpan_i.h1
-rw-r--r--net/6lowpan/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/6lowpan/nhc.h1
-rw-r--r--net/802/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/8021q/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/8021q/vlan.h1
-rw-r--r--net/8021q/vlan_core.c1
-rw-r--r--net/8021q/vlanproc.h1
-rw-r--r--net/9p/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/appletalk/dev.c1
-rw-r--r--net/appletalk/sysctl_net_atalk.c1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/addr.c1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/addr.h1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/atm_misc.c1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/atm_sysfs.c1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/common.h1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/ioctl.c1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/lec.h1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/lec_arpc.h1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/mpc.h1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/mpoa_caches.c1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/mpoa_caches.h1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/mpoa_proc.c1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/proc.c1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/protocols.h1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/pvc.c1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/raw.c1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/resources.c1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/resources.h1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/signaling.c1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/signaling.h1
-rw-r--r--net/atm/svc.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ax25/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/bluetooth/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/bluetooth/hci_sysfs.c1
-rw-r--r--net/bridge/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/bridge/br_mdb.c1
-rw-r--r--net/bridge/br_switchdev.c1
-rw-r--r--net/bridge/netfilter/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/caif/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/can/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/armor.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/auth.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/auth_none.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/auth_none.h1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/auth_x.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/auth_x.h1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/auth_x_protocol.h1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/buffer.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/ceph_fs.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/ceph_strings.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/cls_lock_client.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/crush/crush.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/crush/hash.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/crypto.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/crypto.h1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/debugfs.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/messenger.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/mon_client.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/msgpool.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/osd_client.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/osdmap.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/pagelist.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/pagevec.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ceph/string_table.c1
-rw-r--r--net/core/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/core/datagram.c1
-rw-r--r--net/core/dev_ioctl.c1
-rw-r--r--net/core/gro_cells.c1
-rw-r--r--net/core/net-procfs.c1
-rw-r--r--net/core/net-sysfs.h1
-rw-r--r--net/core/net-traces.c1
-rw-r--r--net/core/sock_reuseport.c1
-rw-r--r--net/core/stream.c1
-rw-r--r--net/core/sysctl_net_core.c1
-rw-r--r--net/core/tso.c1
-rw-r--r--net/dccp/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/dccp/ccids/lib/tfrc.c1
-rw-r--r--net/decnet/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/decnet/dn_dev.c1
-rw-r--r--net/decnet/dn_fib.c1
-rw-r--r--net/decnet/dn_neigh.c1
-rw-r--r--net/decnet/dn_rules.c1
-rw-r--r--net/decnet/dn_table.c1
-rw-r--r--net/decnet/dn_timer.c1
-rw-r--r--net/decnet/sysctl_net_decnet.c1
-rw-r--r--net/dsa/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/ieee802154/6lowpan/6lowpan_i.h1
-rw-r--r--net/ieee802154/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/ieee802154/core.h1
-rw-r--r--net/ieee802154/nl802154.h1
-rw-r--r--net/ieee802154/rdev-ops.h1
-rw-r--r--net/ieee802154/sysfs.h1
-rw-r--r--net/ieee802154/trace.h1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/fib_lookup.h1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/fib_notifier.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/ip_forward.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/ip_options.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/ip_sockglue.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/ipconfig.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/netfilter/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/tcp_fastopen.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/tcp_input.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/tcp_metrics.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/tcp_recovery.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/tcp_vegas.h1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/udp_impl.h1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/xfrm4_input.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/xfrm4_policy.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv4/xfrm4_state.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv6/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv6/addrlabel.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv6/ila/ila_lwt.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv6/ila/ila_xlat.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv6/ip6_checksum.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv6/ip6_icmp.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv6/netfilter/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv6/sysctl_net_ipv6.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv6/udp_impl.h1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv6/xfrm6_input.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv6/xfrm6_policy.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipv6/xfrm6_state.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipx/ipx_proc.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipx/ipx_route.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipx/pe2.c1
-rw-r--r--net/ipx/sysctl_net_ipx.c1
-rw-r--r--net/kcm/kcmproc.c1
-rw-r--r--net/l2tp/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/llc/sysctl_net_llc.c1
-rw-r--r--net/mac80211/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/mac80211/debug.h1
-rw-r--r--net/mac80211/debugfs.h1
-rw-r--r--net/mac80211/debugfs_key.h1
-rw-r--r--net/mac80211/debugfs_netdev.h1
-rw-r--r--net/mac80211/debugfs_sta.h1
-rw-r--r--net/mac80211/driver-ops.h1
-rw-r--r--net/mac80211/pm.c1
-rw-r--r--net/mac80211/trace.c1
-rw-r--r--net/mac80211/trace.h1
-rw-r--r--net/mac80211/trace_msg.h1
-rw-r--r--net/mac802154/cfg.h1
-rw-r--r--net/mac802154/driver-ops.h1
-rw-r--r--net/mac802154/trace.c1
-rw-r--r--net/mac802154/trace.h1
-rw-r--r--net/mpls/internal.h1
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/ipset/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/ipvs/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/ipvs/ip_vs_proto_sctp.c1
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/ipvs/ip_vs_sync.c1
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/nf_internals.h1
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/nf_sockopt.c1
-rw-r--r--net/netfilter/xt_repldata.h1
-rw-r--r--net/netlabel/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/netlink/af_netlink.h1
-rw-r--r--net/netlink/genetlink.c1
-rw-r--r--net/nfc/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/nfc/nci/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/openvswitch/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/packet/internal.h1
-rw-r--r--net/phonet/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/qrtr/qrtr.h1
-rw-r--r--net/rds/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/rds/ib.h1
-rw-r--r--net/rds/info.h1
-rw-r--r--net/rds/loop.h1
-rw-r--r--net/rds/rdma_transport.h1
-rw-r--r--net/rds/rds.h1
-rw-r--r--net/rds/rds_single_path.h1
-rw-r--r--net/rds/tcp.h1
-rw-r--r--net/rxrpc/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/sched/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/sctp/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc.h1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_cdc.c1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_cdc.h1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_clc.c1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_clc.h1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_close.c1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_close.h1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_core.c1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_core.h1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_ib.c1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_ib.h1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_llc.c1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_llc.h1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_pnet.c1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_pnet.h1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_rx.c1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_rx.h1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_tx.c1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_tx.h1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_wr.c1
-rw-r--r--net/smc/smc_wr.h1
-rw-r--r--net/sunrpc/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/sunrpc/auth_gss/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/sunrpc/auth_null.c1
-rw-r--r--net/sunrpc/auth_unix.c1
-rw-r--r--net/sunrpc/debugfs.c1
-rw-r--r--net/sunrpc/netns.h1
-rw-r--r--net/sunrpc/xprtmultipath.c1
-rw-r--r--net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/backchannel.c1
-rw-r--r--net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/fmr_ops.c1
-rw-r--r--net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/frwr_ops.c1
-rw-r--r--net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/svc_rdma_backchannel.c1
-rw-r--r--net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/svc_rdma_rw.c1
-rw-r--r--net/sunrpc/xprtsock.c1
-rw-r--r--net/tipc/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/unix/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/vmw_vsock/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/wimax/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/ap.c1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/chan.c1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/core.h1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/debugfs.h1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/ethtool.c1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/ibss.c1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/mesh.c1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/mlme.c1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/nl80211.h1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/rdev-ops.h1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/scan.c1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/sme.c1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/sysfs.h1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/trace.h1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/util.c1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/wext-compat.c1
-rw-r--r--net/wireless/wext-sme.c1
-rw-r--r--net/x25/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/x25/sysctl_net_x25.c1
-rw-r--r--net/xfrm/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/xfrm/xfrm_hash.c1
-rw-r--r--net/xfrm/xfrm_hash.h1
-rw-r--r--net/xfrm/xfrm_input.c1
-rw-r--r--net/xfrm/xfrm_sysctl.c1
243 files changed, 243 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/net/6lowpan/6lowpan_i.h b/net/6lowpan/6lowpan_i.h
index a67caee11929..53cf446ce2e3 100644
--- a/net/6lowpan/6lowpan_i.h
+++ b/net/6lowpan/6lowpan_i.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __6LOWPAN_I_H
#define __6LOWPAN_I_H
diff --git a/net/6lowpan/Makefile b/net/6lowpan/Makefile
index 12d131ab2324..2247b96dbc75 100644
--- a/net/6lowpan/Makefile
+++ b/net/6lowpan/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
obj-$(CONFIG_6LOWPAN) += 6lowpan.o
6lowpan-y := core.o iphc.o nhc.o ndisc.o
diff --git a/net/6lowpan/nhc.h b/net/6lowpan/nhc.h
index 803041400136..67951c40734b 100644
--- a/net/6lowpan/nhc.h
+++ b/net/6lowpan/nhc.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __6LOWPAN_NHC_H
#define __6LOWPAN_NHC_H
diff --git a/net/802/Makefile b/net/802/Makefile
index 37e654d6615e..19406a87bdaa 100644
--- a/net/802/Makefile
+++ b/net/802/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the Linux 802.x protocol layers.
#
diff --git a/net/8021q/Makefile b/net/8021q/Makefile
index 7bc8db08d7ef..9b703454b93e 100644
--- a/net/8021q/Makefile
+++ b/net/8021q/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the Linux VLAN layer.
#
diff --git a/net/8021q/vlan.h b/net/8021q/vlan.h
index df8bd65dd370..0e7afdf86127 100644
--- a/net/8021q/vlan.h
+++ b/net/8021q/vlan.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __BEN_VLAN_802_1Q_INC__
#define __BEN_VLAN_802_1Q_INC__
diff --git a/net/8021q/vlan_core.c b/net/8021q/vlan_core.c
index 0bc31de9071a..64aa9f755e1d 100644
--- a/net/8021q/vlan_core.c
+++ b/net/8021q/vlan_core.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/if_vlan.h>
diff --git a/net/8021q/vlanproc.h b/net/8021q/vlanproc.h
index 8838a2e92eb6..48cd4b4784e8 100644
--- a/net/8021q/vlanproc.h
+++ b/net/8021q/vlanproc.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __BEN_VLAN_PROC_INC__
#define __BEN_VLAN_PROC_INC__
diff --git a/net/9p/Makefile b/net/9p/Makefile
index 697ea7caf466..c0486cfc85d9 100644
--- a/net/9p/Makefile
+++ b/net/9p/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
obj-$(CONFIG_NET_9P) := 9pnet.o
obj-$(CONFIG_NET_9P_XEN) += 9pnet_xen.o
obj-$(CONFIG_NET_9P_VIRTIO) += 9pnet_virtio.o
diff --git a/net/Makefile b/net/Makefile
index ae2fe2283d2f..14fede520840 100644
--- a/net/Makefile
+++ b/net/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the linux networking.
#
diff --git a/net/appletalk/dev.c b/net/appletalk/dev.c
index e4158b8b926d..284c8e585533 100644
--- a/net/appletalk/dev.c
+++ b/net/appletalk/dev.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Moved here from drivers/net/net_init.c, which is:
* Written 1993,1994,1995 by Donald Becker.
diff --git a/net/appletalk/sysctl_net_atalk.c b/net/appletalk/sysctl_net_atalk.c
index ebb864361f7a..c744a853fa5f 100644
--- a/net/appletalk/sysctl_net_atalk.c
+++ b/net/appletalk/sysctl_net_atalk.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* sysctl_net_atalk.c: sysctl interface to net AppleTalk subsystem.
*
diff --git a/net/atm/Makefile b/net/atm/Makefile
index cc50bd1ff1de..bfec0f2d83b5 100644
--- a/net/atm/Makefile
+++ b/net/atm/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the ATM Protocol Families.
#
diff --git a/net/atm/addr.c b/net/atm/addr.c
index dcda35c66f15..0530b63f509a 100644
--- a/net/atm/addr.c
+++ b/net/atm/addr.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* net/atm/addr.c - Local ATM address registry */
/* Written 1995-2000 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRC/ICA */
diff --git a/net/atm/addr.h b/net/atm/addr.h
index 6837e9e7eb13..da3f848411a0 100644
--- a/net/atm/addr.h
+++ b/net/atm/addr.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/* net/atm/addr.h - Local ATM address registry */
/* Written 1995-2000 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRC/ICA */
diff --git a/net/atm/atm_misc.c b/net/atm/atm_misc.c
index 876fbe83e2e4..a30b83c1cb3f 100644
--- a/net/atm/atm_misc.c
+++ b/net/atm/atm_misc.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* net/atm/atm_misc.c - Various functions for use by ATM drivers */
/* Written 1995-2000 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL ICA */
diff --git a/net/atm/atm_sysfs.c b/net/atm/atm_sysfs.c
index 350bf62b2ae3..5d2fed9f5710 100644
--- a/net/atm/atm_sysfs.c
+++ b/net/atm/atm_sysfs.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* ATM driver model support. */
#include <linux/kernel.h>
diff --git a/net/atm/common.h b/net/atm/common.h
index 959436b87182..d9d583712a91 100644
--- a/net/atm/common.h
+++ b/net/atm/common.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/* net/atm/common.h - ATM sockets (common part for PVC and SVC) */
/* Written 1995-2000 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRC/ICA */
diff --git a/net/atm/ioctl.c b/net/atm/ioctl.c
index bbd3b639992e..2ff0e5e470e3 100644
--- a/net/atm/ioctl.c
+++ b/net/atm/ioctl.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* ATM ioctl handling */
/* Written 1995-2000 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRC/ICA */
diff --git a/net/atm/lec.h b/net/atm/lec.h
index 4149db1b7885..be0e2667bd8c 100644
--- a/net/atm/lec.h
+++ b/net/atm/lec.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Lan Emulation client header file
*
diff --git a/net/atm/lec_arpc.h b/net/atm/lec_arpc.h
index d923f53812a3..1205d8792d28 100644
--- a/net/atm/lec_arpc.h
+++ b/net/atm/lec_arpc.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Lec arp cache
*
diff --git a/net/atm/mpc.h b/net/atm/mpc.h
index cfc7b745aa91..454abd07651a 100644
--- a/net/atm/mpc.h
+++ b/net/atm/mpc.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _MPC_H_
#define _MPC_H_
diff --git a/net/atm/mpoa_caches.c b/net/atm/mpoa_caches.c
index 4ccaa16b1eb1..e01450bb32d6 100644
--- a/net/atm/mpoa_caches.c
+++ b/net/atm/mpoa_caches.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/atmmpc.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
diff --git a/net/atm/mpoa_caches.h b/net/atm/mpoa_caches.h
index 30fe34841ced..6a266669ebf4 100644
--- a/net/atm/mpoa_caches.h
+++ b/net/atm/mpoa_caches.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef MPOA_CACHES_H
#define MPOA_CACHES_H
diff --git a/net/atm/mpoa_proc.c b/net/atm/mpoa_proc.c
index 2df34eb5d65f..8a0c17e1c203 100644
--- a/net/atm/mpoa_proc.c
+++ b/net/atm/mpoa_proc.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ":%s: " fmt, __func__
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
diff --git a/net/atm/proc.c b/net/atm/proc.c
index 4caca2a90ec4..642f9272ab95 100644
--- a/net/atm/proc.c
+++ b/net/atm/proc.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* net/atm/proc.c - ATM /proc interface
*
* Written 1995-2000 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRC/ICA
diff --git a/net/atm/protocols.h b/net/atm/protocols.h
index acdfc856222d..18d4d008bac3 100644
--- a/net/atm/protocols.h
+++ b/net/atm/protocols.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/* net/atm/protocols.h - ATM protocol handler entry points */
/* Written 1995-1997 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRC */
diff --git a/net/atm/pvc.c b/net/atm/pvc.c
index 040207ec399f..e1140b3bdcaa 100644
--- a/net/atm/pvc.c
+++ b/net/atm/pvc.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* net/atm/pvc.c - ATM PVC sockets */
/* Written 1995-2000 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRC/ICA */
diff --git a/net/atm/raw.c b/net/atm/raw.c
index 821c0797553d..ee10e8d46185 100644
--- a/net/atm/raw.c
+++ b/net/atm/raw.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* net/atm/raw.c - Raw AAL0 and AAL5 transports */
/* Written 1995-2000 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRC/ICA */
diff --git a/net/atm/resources.c b/net/atm/resources.c
index 918244757b7d..bada395ecdb1 100644
--- a/net/atm/resources.c
+++ b/net/atm/resources.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* net/atm/resources.c - Statically allocated resources */
/* Written 1995-2000 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRC/ICA */
diff --git a/net/atm/resources.h b/net/atm/resources.h
index 521431e30507..048232e4d4c6 100644
--- a/net/atm/resources.h
+++ b/net/atm/resources.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/* net/atm/resources.h - ATM-related resources */
/* Written 1995-1998 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRC/ICA */
diff --git a/net/atm/signaling.c b/net/atm/signaling.c
index 0a20f6e953ac..6c11cdf4dd4c 100644
--- a/net/atm/signaling.c
+++ b/net/atm/signaling.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* net/atm/signaling.c - ATM signaling */
/* Written 1995-2000 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRC/ICA */
diff --git a/net/atm/signaling.h b/net/atm/signaling.h
index 08b2a69cc572..2df8220f7ab5 100644
--- a/net/atm/signaling.h
+++ b/net/atm/signaling.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/* net/atm/signaling.h - ATM signaling */
/* Written 1995-2000 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRC/ICA */
diff --git a/net/atm/svc.c b/net/atm/svc.c
index 5589de7086af..c458adcbc177 100644
--- a/net/atm/svc.c
+++ b/net/atm/svc.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* net/atm/svc.c - ATM SVC sockets */
/* Written 1995-2000 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRC/ICA */
diff --git a/net/ax25/Makefile b/net/ax25/Makefile
index 43c46d2cafb6..2e53affc8568 100644
--- a/net/ax25/Makefile
+++ b/net/ax25/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the Linux AX.25 layer.
#
diff --git a/net/bluetooth/Makefile b/net/bluetooth/Makefile
index 5d0a113e2e40..fda41c0b4781 100644
--- a/net/bluetooth/Makefile
+++ b/net/bluetooth/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the Linux Bluetooth subsystem.
#
diff --git a/net/bluetooth/hci_sysfs.c b/net/bluetooth/hci_sysfs.c
index aa300f3a0d51..d5c7c89ec4d6 100644
--- a/net/bluetooth/hci_sysfs.c
+++ b/net/bluetooth/hci_sysfs.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* Bluetooth HCI driver model support. */
#include <linux/module.h>
diff --git a/net/bridge/Makefile b/net/bridge/Makefile
index 40b1ede527ca..f760e62a672a 100644
--- a/net/bridge/Makefile
+++ b/net/bridge/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the IEEE 802.1d ethernet bridging layer.
#
diff --git a/net/bridge/br_mdb.c b/net/bridge/br_mdb.c
index ca01def49af0..31ddff22563e 100644
--- a/net/bridge/br_mdb.c
+++ b/net/bridge/br_mdb.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/igmp.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
diff --git a/net/bridge/br_switchdev.c b/net/bridge/br_switchdev.c
index f6b1c7de059d..9700e0f3307b 100644
--- a/net/bridge/br_switchdev.c
+++ b/net/bridge/br_switchdev.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
diff --git a/net/bridge/netfilter/Makefile b/net/bridge/netfilter/Makefile
index be4d0cea78ce..2f28e16de6c7 100644
--- a/net/bridge/netfilter/Makefile
+++ b/net/bridge/netfilter/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the netfilter modules for Link Layer filtering on a bridge.
#
diff --git a/net/caif/Makefile b/net/caif/Makefile
index cc2b51154d03..4f6c0517cdfb 100644
--- a/net/caif/Makefile
+++ b/net/caif/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
ccflags-$(CONFIG_CAIF_DEBUG) := -DDEBUG
caif-y := caif_dev.o \
diff --git a/net/can/Makefile b/net/can/Makefile
index 10936754e3f2..1242bbbfe57f 100644
--- a/net/can/Makefile
+++ b/net/can/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the Linux Controller Area Network core.
#
diff --git a/net/ceph/Makefile b/net/ceph/Makefile
index 6a5180903e7b..b4bded4b5396 100644
--- a/net/ceph/Makefile
+++ b/net/ceph/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for CEPH filesystem.
#
diff --git a/net/ceph/armor.c b/net/ceph/armor.c
index 1fc1ee11dfa2..0db8065928df 100644
--- a/net/ceph/armor.c
+++ b/net/ceph/armor.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/errno.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/auth.c b/net/ceph/auth.c
index 48bb8d95195b..dbde2b3c3c15 100644
--- a/net/ceph/auth.c
+++ b/net/ceph/auth.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/ceph/ceph_debug.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/auth_none.c b/net/ceph/auth_none.c
index df45e467c81f..41d2a0c72236 100644
--- a/net/ceph/auth_none.c
+++ b/net/ceph/auth_none.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/ceph/ceph_debug.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/auth_none.h b/net/ceph/auth_none.h
index 62021535ae4a..860ed9875791 100644
--- a/net/ceph/auth_none.h
+++ b/net/ceph/auth_none.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _FS_CEPH_AUTH_NONE_H
#define _FS_CEPH_AUTH_NONE_H
diff --git a/net/ceph/auth_x.c b/net/ceph/auth_x.c
index 8757fb87dab8..2f4a1baf5f52 100644
--- a/net/ceph/auth_x.c
+++ b/net/ceph/auth_x.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/ceph/ceph_debug.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/auth_x.h b/net/ceph/auth_x.h
index 48e9ad41bd2a..454cb54568af 100644
--- a/net/ceph/auth_x.h
+++ b/net/ceph/auth_x.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _FS_CEPH_AUTH_X_H
#define _FS_CEPH_AUTH_X_H
diff --git a/net/ceph/auth_x_protocol.h b/net/ceph/auth_x_protocol.h
index 671d30576c4f..32c13d763b9a 100644
--- a/net/ceph/auth_x_protocol.h
+++ b/net/ceph/auth_x_protocol.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __FS_CEPH_AUTH_X_PROTOCOL
#define __FS_CEPH_AUTH_X_PROTOCOL
diff --git a/net/ceph/buffer.c b/net/ceph/buffer.c
index add5f921a0ff..5622763ad402 100644
--- a/net/ceph/buffer.c
+++ b/net/ceph/buffer.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/ceph/ceph_debug.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/ceph_fs.c b/net/ceph/ceph_fs.c
index dcbe67ff3e2b..756a2dc10d27 100644
--- a/net/ceph/ceph_fs.c
+++ b/net/ceph/ceph_fs.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Some non-inline ceph helpers
*/
diff --git a/net/ceph/ceph_strings.c b/net/ceph/ceph_strings.c
index 19b7d8aa915c..10e01494993c 100644
--- a/net/ceph/ceph_strings.c
+++ b/net/ceph/ceph_strings.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Ceph string constants
*/
diff --git a/net/ceph/cls_lock_client.c b/net/ceph/cls_lock_client.c
index 08ada893f01e..8d2032b2f225 100644
--- a/net/ceph/cls_lock_client.c
+++ b/net/ceph/cls_lock_client.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/ceph/ceph_debug.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/crush/crush.c b/net/ceph/crush/crush.c
index 4b428f46a8ca..3d70244bc1b6 100644
--- a/net/ceph/crush/crush.c
+++ b/net/ceph/crush/crush.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#ifdef __KERNEL__
# include <linux/slab.h>
# include <linux/crush/crush.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/crush/hash.c b/net/ceph/crush/hash.c
index ed123af49eba..e5cc603cdb17 100644
--- a/net/ceph/crush/hash.c
+++ b/net/ceph/crush/hash.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#ifdef __KERNEL__
# include <linux/crush/hash.h>
#else
diff --git a/net/ceph/crypto.c b/net/ceph/crypto.c
index 46008d5ac504..489610ac1cdd 100644
--- a/net/ceph/crypto.c
+++ b/net/ceph/crypto.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/ceph/ceph_debug.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/crypto.h b/net/ceph/crypto.h
index 58d83aa7740f..bb45c7d43739 100644
--- a/net/ceph/crypto.h
+++ b/net/ceph/crypto.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _FS_CEPH_CRYPTO_H
#define _FS_CEPH_CRYPTO_H
diff --git a/net/ceph/debugfs.c b/net/ceph/debugfs.c
index fa5233e0d01c..1eef6806aa1a 100644
--- a/net/ceph/debugfs.c
+++ b/net/ceph/debugfs.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/ceph/ceph_debug.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/messenger.c b/net/ceph/messenger.c
index a67298c7e0cd..ad93342c90d7 100644
--- a/net/ceph/messenger.c
+++ b/net/ceph/messenger.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/ceph/ceph_debug.h>
#include <linux/crc32c.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/mon_client.c b/net/ceph/mon_client.c
index 63edc6e5f026..9ae1bab8c05d 100644
--- a/net/ceph/mon_client.c
+++ b/net/ceph/mon_client.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/ceph/ceph_debug.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/msgpool.c b/net/ceph/msgpool.c
index aaed59a47b1d..72571535883f 100644
--- a/net/ceph/msgpool.c
+++ b/net/ceph/msgpool.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/ceph/ceph_debug.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/osd_client.c b/net/ceph/osd_client.c
index e02f01f534e2..2814dba5902d 100644
--- a/net/ceph/osd_client.c
+++ b/net/ceph/osd_client.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/ceph/ceph_debug.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/osdmap.c b/net/ceph/osdmap.c
index 79d14d70b7ea..0da27c66349a 100644
--- a/net/ceph/osdmap.c
+++ b/net/ceph/osdmap.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/ceph/ceph_debug.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/pagelist.c b/net/ceph/pagelist.c
index ce09f73be759..2ea0564771d2 100644
--- a/net/ceph/pagelist.c
+++ b/net/ceph/pagelist.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/pagevec.c b/net/ceph/pagevec.c
index 1a7c9a79a53c..ee43bc13221c 100644
--- a/net/ceph/pagevec.c
+++ b/net/ceph/pagevec.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/ceph/ceph_debug.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
diff --git a/net/ceph/string_table.c b/net/ceph/string_table.c
index 22fb96efcf34..3191d9d160a2 100644
--- a/net/ceph/string_table.c
+++ b/net/ceph/string_table.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
diff --git a/net/core/Makefile b/net/core/Makefile
index 56d771a887b6..1fd0a9c88b1b 100644
--- a/net/core/Makefile
+++ b/net/core/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the Linux networking core.
#
diff --git a/net/core/datagram.c b/net/core/datagram.c
index f7fb7e3f2acf..3964c108b169 100644
--- a/net/core/datagram.c
+++ b/net/core/datagram.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* SUCS NET3:
*
diff --git a/net/core/dev_ioctl.c b/net/core/dev_ioctl.c
index f9c7a88cd981..7e690d0ccd05 100644
--- a/net/core/dev_ioctl.c
+++ b/net/core/dev_ioctl.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/kmod.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
diff --git a/net/core/gro_cells.c b/net/core/gro_cells.c
index 814e58a3ce8b..4b54e5f107c6 100644
--- a/net/core/gro_cells.c
+++ b/net/core/gro_cells.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
diff --git a/net/core/net-procfs.c b/net/core/net-procfs.c
index 4847964931df..615ccab55f38 100644
--- a/net/core/net-procfs.c
+++ b/net/core/net-procfs.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
diff --git a/net/core/net-sysfs.h b/net/core/net-sysfs.h
index 2745a1b51e03..006876c7b78d 100644
--- a/net/core/net-sysfs.h
+++ b/net/core/net-sysfs.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __NET_SYSFS_H__
#define __NET_SYSFS_H__
diff --git a/net/core/net-traces.c b/net/core/net-traces.c
index 1132820c8e62..71f209542364 100644
--- a/net/core/net-traces.c
+++ b/net/core/net-traces.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* consolidates trace point definitions
*
diff --git a/net/core/sock_reuseport.c b/net/core/sock_reuseport.c
index b1e0dbea1e8c..5eeb1d20cc38 100644
--- a/net/core/sock_reuseport.c
+++ b/net/core/sock_reuseport.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* To speed up listener socket lookup, create an array to store all sockets
* listening on the same port. This allows a decision to be made after finding
diff --git a/net/core/stream.c b/net/core/stream.c
index 20231dbb1da0..1cff9c6270c6 100644
--- a/net/core/stream.c
+++ b/net/core/stream.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* SUCS NET3:
*
diff --git a/net/core/sysctl_net_core.c b/net/core/sysctl_net_core.c
index b7cd9aafe99e..cbc3dde4cfcc 100644
--- a/net/core/sysctl_net_core.c
+++ b/net/core/sysctl_net_core.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* -*- linux-c -*-
* sysctl_net_core.c: sysctl interface to net core subsystem.
*
diff --git a/net/core/tso.c b/net/core/tso.c
index 5dca7ce8ee9f..43f4eba61933 100644
--- a/net/core/tso.c
+++ b/net/core/tso.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/if_vlan.h>
#include <net/ip.h>
diff --git a/net/dccp/Makefile b/net/dccp/Makefile
index 5c8362b037ed..2e7b56097bc4 100644
--- a/net/dccp/Makefile
+++ b/net/dccp/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
obj-$(CONFIG_IP_DCCP) += dccp.o dccp_ipv4.o
dccp-y := ccid.o feat.o input.o minisocks.o options.o output.o proto.o timer.o \
diff --git a/net/dccp/ccids/lib/tfrc.c b/net/dccp/ccids/lib/tfrc.c
index 62b5828acde0..d7f265e1f50c 100644
--- a/net/dccp/ccids/lib/tfrc.c
+++ b/net/dccp/ccids/lib/tfrc.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* TFRC library initialisation
*
diff --git a/net/decnet/Makefile b/net/decnet/Makefile
index e44003af71f6..9e38122d942b 100644
--- a/net/decnet/Makefile
+++ b/net/decnet/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
obj-$(CONFIG_DECNET) += decnet.o
diff --git a/net/decnet/dn_dev.c b/net/decnet/dn_dev.c
index 4d339de56862..df042b6d80b8 100644
--- a/net/decnet/dn_dev.c
+++ b/net/decnet/dn_dev.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* DECnet An implementation of the DECnet protocol suite for the LINUX
* operating system. DECnet is implemented using the BSD Socket
diff --git a/net/decnet/dn_fib.c b/net/decnet/dn_fib.c
index 3d37464c8b4a..b37a1b833c77 100644
--- a/net/decnet/dn_fib.c
+++ b/net/decnet/dn_fib.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* DECnet An implementation of the DECnet protocol suite for the LINUX
* operating system. DECnet is implemented using the BSD Socket
diff --git a/net/decnet/dn_neigh.c b/net/decnet/dn_neigh.c
index 22bf0b95d6ed..528119a5618e 100644
--- a/net/decnet/dn_neigh.c
+++ b/net/decnet/dn_neigh.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* DECnet An implementation of the DECnet protocol suite for the LINUX
* operating system. DECnet is implemented using the BSD Socket
diff --git a/net/decnet/dn_rules.c b/net/decnet/dn_rules.c
index 295bbd6a56f2..c795c3f509c9 100644
--- a/net/decnet/dn_rules.c
+++ b/net/decnet/dn_rules.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* DECnet An implementation of the DECnet protocol suite for the LINUX
diff --git a/net/decnet/dn_table.c b/net/decnet/dn_table.c
index 232675480756..08667f68e601 100644
--- a/net/decnet/dn_table.c
+++ b/net/decnet/dn_table.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* DECnet An implementation of the DECnet protocol suite for the LINUX
* operating system. DECnet is implemented using the BSD Socket
diff --git a/net/decnet/dn_timer.c b/net/decnet/dn_timer.c
index 1d330fd43dc7..f430daed24a0 100644
--- a/net/decnet/dn_timer.c
+++ b/net/decnet/dn_timer.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* DECnet An implementation of the DECnet protocol suite for the LINUX
* operating system. DECnet is implemented using the BSD Socket
diff --git a/net/decnet/sysctl_net_decnet.c b/net/decnet/sysctl_net_decnet.c
index 6c7da6c29bf0..55bf64a22b59 100644
--- a/net/decnet/sysctl_net_decnet.c
+++ b/net/decnet/sysctl_net_decnet.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* DECnet An implementation of the DECnet protocol suite for the LINUX
* operating system. DECnet is implemented using the BSD Socket
diff --git a/net/dsa/Makefile b/net/dsa/Makefile
index fcce25da937c..3d3c74193d06 100644
--- a/net/dsa/Makefile
+++ b/net/dsa/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
# the core
obj-$(CONFIG_NET_DSA) += dsa_core.o
dsa_core-y += dsa.o dsa2.o legacy.o port.o slave.o switch.o
diff --git a/net/ieee802154/6lowpan/6lowpan_i.h b/net/ieee802154/6lowpan/6lowpan_i.h
index ac7c96b73ad5..d8de3bcfb103 100644
--- a/net/ieee802154/6lowpan/6lowpan_i.h
+++ b/net/ieee802154/6lowpan/6lowpan_i.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __IEEE802154_6LOWPAN_I_H__
#define __IEEE802154_6LOWPAN_I_H__
diff --git a/net/ieee802154/Makefile b/net/ieee802154/Makefile
index 9b92ade687a3..f05b7bdae2aa 100644
--- a/net/ieee802154/Makefile
+++ b/net/ieee802154/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
obj-$(CONFIG_IEEE802154) += ieee802154.o
obj-$(CONFIG_IEEE802154_SOCKET) += ieee802154_socket.o
obj-y += 6lowpan/
diff --git a/net/ieee802154/core.h b/net/ieee802154/core.h
index 81141f58d079..1c19f575d574 100644
--- a/net/ieee802154/core.h
+++ b/net/ieee802154/core.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __IEEE802154_CORE_H
#define __IEEE802154_CORE_H
diff --git a/net/ieee802154/nl802154.h b/net/ieee802154/nl802154.h
index 3846a89d0958..8c4b6d08954c 100644
--- a/net/ieee802154/nl802154.h
+++ b/net/ieee802154/nl802154.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __IEEE802154_NL802154_H
#define __IEEE802154_NL802154_H
diff --git a/net/ieee802154/rdev-ops.h b/net/ieee802154/rdev-ops.h
index 4441c63b3ea6..598f5af49775 100644
--- a/net/ieee802154/rdev-ops.h
+++ b/net/ieee802154/rdev-ops.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __CFG802154_RDEV_OPS
#define __CFG802154_RDEV_OPS
diff --git a/net/ieee802154/sysfs.h b/net/ieee802154/sysfs.h
index aa42e39ecbec..337545b639e9 100644
--- a/net/ieee802154/sysfs.h
+++ b/net/ieee802154/sysfs.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __IEEE802154_SYSFS_H
#define __IEEE802154_SYSFS_H
diff --git a/net/ieee802154/trace.h b/net/ieee802154/trace.h
index 9a471e41ec73..19c2e5d60e76 100644
--- a/net/ieee802154/trace.h
+++ b/net/ieee802154/trace.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/* Based on net/wireless/trace.h */
#undef TRACE_SYSTEM
diff --git a/net/ipv4/Makefile b/net/ipv4/Makefile
index afcb435adfbe..c6c8ad1d4b6d 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/Makefile
+++ b/net/ipv4/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the Linux TCP/IP (INET) layer.
#
diff --git a/net/ipv4/fib_lookup.h b/net/ipv4/fib_lookup.h
index 5b2af19cfb5b..e6ff282bb7f4 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/fib_lookup.h
+++ b/net/ipv4/fib_lookup.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _FIB_LOOKUP_H
#define _FIB_LOOKUP_H
diff --git a/net/ipv4/fib_notifier.c b/net/ipv4/fib_notifier.c
index cfd420b0572c..b804ccbdb241 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/fib_notifier.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/fib_notifier.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>
diff --git a/net/ipv4/ip_forward.c b/net/ipv4/ip_forward.c
index 9f0a7b96646f..2dd21c3281a1 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/ip_forward.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/ip_forward.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX
* operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket
diff --git a/net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c b/net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c
index 46408c220d9d..df8fe0503de0 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX
* operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket
diff --git a/net/ipv4/ip_options.c b/net/ipv4/ip_options.c
index 525ae88d1e58..ed194d46c00e 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/ip_options.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/ip_options.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX
* operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket
diff --git a/net/ipv4/ip_sockglue.c b/net/ipv4/ip_sockglue.c
index a599aa83fdad..60fb1eb7d7d8 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/ip_sockglue.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/ip_sockglue.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX
* operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket
diff --git a/net/ipv4/ipconfig.c b/net/ipv4/ipconfig.c
index 4c5dfe6bd34d..abdebca848c9 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/ipconfig.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/ipconfig.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Automatic Configuration of IP -- use DHCP, BOOTP, RARP, or
* user-supplied information to configure own IP address and routes.
diff --git a/net/ipv4/netfilter/Makefile b/net/ipv4/netfilter/Makefile
index f462fee66ac8..adcdae358365 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/netfilter/Makefile
+++ b/net/ipv4/netfilter/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the netfilter modules on top of IPv4.
#
diff --git a/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c b/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
index 0d3c038d7b04..0989e739d098 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/sysctl_net_ipv4.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* sysctl_net_ipv4.c: sysctl interface to net IPV4 subsystem.
*
diff --git a/net/ipv4/tcp_fastopen.c b/net/ipv4/tcp_fastopen.c
index e3c33220c418..fbbeda647774 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/tcp_fastopen.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/tcp_fastopen.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/crypto.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
diff --git a/net/ipv4/tcp_input.c b/net/ipv4/tcp_input.c
index 7eec3383702b..5a87a00641d3 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/tcp_input.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/tcp_input.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX
* operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket
diff --git a/net/ipv4/tcp_metrics.c b/net/ipv4/tcp_metrics.c
index 102b2c90bb80..0f0d740f6c8b 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/tcp_metrics.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/tcp_metrics.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
diff --git a/net/ipv4/tcp_recovery.c b/net/ipv4/tcp_recovery.c
index 449cd914d58e..be8ef1e5dfef 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/tcp_recovery.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/tcp_recovery.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/tcp.h>
#include <net/tcp.h>
diff --git a/net/ipv4/tcp_vegas.h b/net/ipv4/tcp_vegas.h
index 248cfc0ff9ae..4f24d0e37d9c 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/tcp_vegas.h
+++ b/net/ipv4/tcp_vegas.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* TCP Vegas congestion control interface
*/
diff --git a/net/ipv4/udp_impl.h b/net/ipv4/udp_impl.h
index a8cf8c6fb60c..e7d18b140287 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/udp_impl.h
+++ b/net/ipv4/udp_impl.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _UDP4_IMPL_H
#define _UDP4_IMPL_H
#include <net/udp.h>
diff --git a/net/ipv4/xfrm4_input.c b/net/ipv4/xfrm4_input.c
index 1fc684111ce6..e50b7fea57ee 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/xfrm4_input.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/xfrm4_input.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* xfrm4_input.c
*
diff --git a/net/ipv4/xfrm4_policy.c b/net/ipv4/xfrm4_policy.c
index d7bf0b041885..05017e2c849c 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/xfrm4_policy.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/xfrm4_policy.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* xfrm4_policy.c
*
diff --git a/net/ipv4/xfrm4_state.c b/net/ipv4/xfrm4_state.c
index d6660a8c0ea5..80c40b4981bb 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/xfrm4_state.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/xfrm4_state.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* xfrm4_state.c
*
diff --git a/net/ipv6/Makefile b/net/ipv6/Makefile
index 10e342363793..e0026fa1261b 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/Makefile
+++ b/net/ipv6/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the Linux TCP/IP (INET6) layer.
#
diff --git a/net/ipv6/addrlabel.c b/net/ipv6/addrlabel.c
index b055bc79f56d..f664871feca6 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/addrlabel.c
+++ b/net/ipv6/addrlabel.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* IPv6 Address Label subsystem
* for the IPv6 "Default" Source Address Selection
diff --git a/net/ipv6/ila/ila_lwt.c b/net/ipv6/ila/ila_lwt.c
index 0c02a09bc351..696281b4bca2 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/ila/ila_lwt.c
+++ b/net/ipv6/ila/ila_lwt.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/ip.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
diff --git a/net/ipv6/ila/ila_xlat.c b/net/ipv6/ila/ila_xlat.c
index 5bd419c1abc8..3123b9de91b5 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/ila/ila_xlat.c
+++ b/net/ipv6/ila/ila_xlat.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/jhash.h>
#include <linux/netfilter.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
diff --git a/net/ipv6/ip6_checksum.c b/net/ipv6/ip6_checksum.c
index c0cbcb259f5a..ec43d18b5ff9 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/ip6_checksum.c
+++ b/net/ipv6/ip6_checksum.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <net/ip.h>
#include <net/udp.h>
#include <net/udplite.h>
diff --git a/net/ipv6/ip6_icmp.c b/net/ipv6/ip6_icmp.c
index 713676f14a0e..02045494c24c 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/ip6_icmp.c
+++ b/net/ipv6/ip6_icmp.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/icmpv6.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
diff --git a/net/ipv6/netfilter/Makefile b/net/ipv6/netfilter/Makefile
index fe180c96040e..c6ee0cdd0ba9 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/netfilter/Makefile
+++ b/net/ipv6/netfilter/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the netfilter modules on top of IPv6.
#
diff --git a/net/ipv6/sysctl_net_ipv6.c b/net/ipv6/sysctl_net_ipv6.c
index 6fbf8ae5e52c..f7051ba5b8af 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/sysctl_net_ipv6.c
+++ b/net/ipv6/sysctl_net_ipv6.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* sysctl_net_ipv6.c: sysctl interface to net IPV6 subsystem.
*
diff --git a/net/ipv6/udp_impl.h b/net/ipv6/udp_impl.h
index f180b3d85e31..7903e21c178b 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/udp_impl.h
+++ b/net/ipv6/udp_impl.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _UDP6_IMPL_H
#define _UDP6_IMPL_H
#include <net/udp.h>
diff --git a/net/ipv6/xfrm6_input.c b/net/ipv6/xfrm6_input.c
index f95943a13abc..fe04e23af986 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/xfrm6_input.c
+++ b/net/ipv6/xfrm6_input.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* xfrm6_input.c: based on net/ipv4/xfrm4_input.c
*
diff --git a/net/ipv6/xfrm6_policy.c b/net/ipv6/xfrm6_policy.c
index 11d1314ab6c5..17e95a0386b3 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/xfrm6_policy.c
+++ b/net/ipv6/xfrm6_policy.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* xfrm6_policy.c: based on xfrm4_policy.c
*
diff --git a/net/ipv6/xfrm6_state.c b/net/ipv6/xfrm6_state.c
index 8a1f9c0d2a13..b15075a5c227 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/xfrm6_state.c
+++ b/net/ipv6/xfrm6_state.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* xfrm6_state.c: based on xfrm4_state.c
*
diff --git a/net/ipx/ipx_proc.c b/net/ipx/ipx_proc.c
index 7d75e4c5c75d..38a3d51d9ead 100644
--- a/net/ipx/ipx_proc.c
+++ b/net/ipx/ipx_proc.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* IPX proc routines
*
diff --git a/net/ipx/ipx_route.c b/net/ipx/ipx_route.c
index b5d91447f3dc..3cf93aa9f284 100644
--- a/net/ipx/ipx_route.c
+++ b/net/ipx/ipx_route.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Implements the IPX routing routines.
* Code moved from af_ipx.c.
diff --git a/net/ipx/pe2.c b/net/ipx/pe2.c
index 32dcd601ab32..ba7d4214bbff 100644
--- a/net/ipx/pe2.c
+++ b/net/ipx/pe2.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/in.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
diff --git a/net/ipx/sysctl_net_ipx.c b/net/ipx/sysctl_net_ipx.c
index 0dafcc561ed6..c3eef457db88 100644
--- a/net/ipx/sysctl_net_ipx.c
+++ b/net/ipx/sysctl_net_ipx.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* -*- linux-c -*-
* sysctl_net_ipx.c: sysctl interface to net IPX subsystem.
*
diff --git a/net/kcm/kcmproc.c b/net/kcm/kcmproc.c
index c748e8a6a72c..bd5723315069 100644
--- a/net/kcm/kcmproc.c
+++ b/net/kcm/kcmproc.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/in.h>
#include <linux/inet.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
diff --git a/net/l2tp/Makefile b/net/l2tp/Makefile
index 2870f41ea44d..399a7e5db2f4 100644
--- a/net/l2tp/Makefile
+++ b/net/l2tp/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the L2TP.
#
diff --git a/net/llc/sysctl_net_llc.c b/net/llc/sysctl_net_llc.c
index 799bafc2af39..8443a6d841b0 100644
--- a/net/llc/sysctl_net_llc.c
+++ b/net/llc/sysctl_net_llc.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* sysctl_net_llc.c: sysctl interface to LLC net subsystem.
*
diff --git a/net/mac80211/Makefile b/net/mac80211/Makefile
index 282912245938..80bfe29099f6 100644
--- a/net/mac80211/Makefile
+++ b/net/mac80211/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
obj-$(CONFIG_MAC80211) += mac80211.o
# mac80211 objects
diff --git a/net/mac80211/debug.h b/net/mac80211/debug.h
index 1956b3115dd5..d90a8f9cc3fd 100644
--- a/net/mac80211/debug.h
+++ b/net/mac80211/debug.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __MAC80211_DEBUG_H
#define __MAC80211_DEBUG_H
#include <net/cfg80211.h>
diff --git a/net/mac80211/debugfs.h b/net/mac80211/debugfs.h
index 60c35afee29d..d2c424787463 100644
--- a/net/mac80211/debugfs.h
+++ b/net/mac80211/debugfs.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __MAC80211_DEBUGFS_H
#define __MAC80211_DEBUGFS_H
diff --git a/net/mac80211/debugfs_key.h b/net/mac80211/debugfs_key.h
index 32adc77e9c77..1cd7b8bff56c 100644
--- a/net/mac80211/debugfs_key.h
+++ b/net/mac80211/debugfs_key.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __MAC80211_DEBUGFS_KEY_H
#define __MAC80211_DEBUGFS_KEY_H
diff --git a/net/mac80211/debugfs_netdev.h b/net/mac80211/debugfs_netdev.h
index 9f5501a9a795..a7e9d8d518f9 100644
--- a/net/mac80211/debugfs_netdev.h
+++ b/net/mac80211/debugfs_netdev.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/* routines exported for debugfs handling */
#ifndef __IEEE80211_DEBUGFS_NETDEV_H
diff --git a/net/mac80211/debugfs_sta.h b/net/mac80211/debugfs_sta.h
index 8b608903259f..d2e7c27ad6d1 100644
--- a/net/mac80211/debugfs_sta.h
+++ b/net/mac80211/debugfs_sta.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __MAC80211_DEBUGFS_STA_H
#define __MAC80211_DEBUGFS_STA_H
diff --git a/net/mac80211/driver-ops.h b/net/mac80211/driver-ops.h
index 09f77e4a8a79..c7f93fd9ca7a 100644
--- a/net/mac80211/driver-ops.h
+++ b/net/mac80211/driver-ops.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Portions of this file
* Copyright(c) 2016 Intel Deutschland GmbH
diff --git a/net/mac80211/pm.c b/net/mac80211/pm.c
index a87d195c4a61..38c45e1dafd8 100644
--- a/net/mac80211/pm.c
+++ b/net/mac80211/pm.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <net/mac80211.h>
#include <net/rtnetlink.h>
diff --git a/net/mac80211/trace.c b/net/mac80211/trace.c
index edfe0c170a1c..837857261b66 100644
--- a/net/mac80211/trace.c
+++ b/net/mac80211/trace.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* bug in tracepoint.h, it should include this */
#include <linux/module.h>
diff --git a/net/mac80211/trace.h b/net/mac80211/trace.h
index 3d9ac17af407..591ad02e1fa4 100644
--- a/net/mac80211/trace.h
+++ b/net/mac80211/trace.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Portions of this file
* Copyright(c) 2016 Intel Deutschland GmbH
diff --git a/net/mac80211/trace_msg.h b/net/mac80211/trace_msg.h
index 768f7c22a190..366b9e6f043e 100644
--- a/net/mac80211/trace_msg.h
+++ b/net/mac80211/trace_msg.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_MESSAGE_TRACING
#if !defined(__MAC80211_MSG_DRIVER_TRACE) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ)
diff --git a/net/mac802154/cfg.h b/net/mac802154/cfg.h
index e2718f981e82..3bb089685500 100644
--- a/net/mac802154/cfg.h
+++ b/net/mac802154/cfg.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/* mac802154 configuration hooks for cfg802154
*/
diff --git a/net/mac802154/driver-ops.h b/net/mac802154/driver-ops.h
index fd9daf2ecec9..d23f0db98015 100644
--- a/net/mac802154/driver-ops.h
+++ b/net/mac802154/driver-ops.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __MAC802154_DRIVER_OPS
#define __MAC802154_DRIVER_OPS
diff --git a/net/mac802154/trace.c b/net/mac802154/trace.c
index 863e5e6b983d..c36e3d541a42 100644
--- a/net/mac802154/trace.c
+++ b/net/mac802154/trace.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/module.h>
#ifndef __CHECKER__
diff --git a/net/mac802154/trace.h b/net/mac802154/trace.h
index 6f30e0c93a16..2c8a43d3607f 100644
--- a/net/mac802154/trace.h
+++ b/net/mac802154/trace.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/* Based on net/mac80211/trace.h */
#undef TRACE_SYSTEM
diff --git a/net/mpls/internal.h b/net/mpls/internal.h
index cf65aec2e551..768a302879b4 100644
--- a/net/mpls/internal.h
+++ b/net/mpls/internal.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef MPLS_INTERNAL_H
#define MPLS_INTERNAL_H
#include <net/mpls.h>
diff --git a/net/netfilter/Makefile b/net/netfilter/Makefile
index d3891c93edd6..f78ed2470831 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/Makefile
+++ b/net/netfilter/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
netfilter-objs := core.o nf_log.o nf_queue.o nf_sockopt.o
nf_conntrack-y := nf_conntrack_core.o nf_conntrack_standalone.o nf_conntrack_expect.o nf_conntrack_helper.o nf_conntrack_proto.o nf_conntrack_l3proto_generic.o nf_conntrack_proto_generic.o nf_conntrack_proto_tcp.o nf_conntrack_proto_udp.o nf_conntrack_extend.o nf_conntrack_acct.o nf_conntrack_seqadj.o
diff --git a/net/netfilter/ipset/Makefile b/net/netfilter/ipset/Makefile
index 28ec148df02d..a445a6bf4f11 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/ipset/Makefile
+++ b/net/netfilter/ipset/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the ipset modules
#
diff --git a/net/netfilter/ipvs/Makefile b/net/netfilter/ipvs/Makefile
index 67f3f4389602..c552993fa4b9 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/ipvs/Makefile
+++ b/net/netfilter/ipvs/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the IPVS modules on top of IPv4.
#
diff --git a/net/netfilter/ipvs/ip_vs_proto_sctp.c b/net/netfilter/ipvs/ip_vs_proto_sctp.c
index 57c8ee66491e..eff7569824e5 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/ipvs/ip_vs_proto_sctp.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/ipvs/ip_vs_proto_sctp.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/ip.h>
#include <linux/sctp.h>
diff --git a/net/netfilter/ipvs/ip_vs_sync.c b/net/netfilter/ipvs/ip_vs_sync.c
index 0e5b64a75da0..13f740875507 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/ipvs/ip_vs_sync.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/ipvs/ip_vs_sync.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* IPVS An implementation of the IP virtual server support for the
* LINUX operating system. IPVS is now implemented as a module
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_internals.h b/net/netfilter/nf_internals.h
index 49f87ec093a3..44284cd2528d 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_internals.h
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_internals.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _NF_INTERNALS_H
#define _NF_INTERNALS_H
diff --git a/net/netfilter/nf_sockopt.c b/net/netfilter/nf_sockopt.c
index d2a9e6b5d01f..46cb3786e0ec 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nf_sockopt.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nf_sockopt.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
diff --git a/net/netfilter/xt_repldata.h b/net/netfilter/xt_repldata.h
index 8fd324116e6f..68ccbe50bb1e 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/xt_repldata.h
+++ b/net/netfilter/xt_repldata.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Today's hack: quantum tunneling in structs
*
diff --git a/net/netlabel/Makefile b/net/netlabel/Makefile
index d341ede0dca5..5a46381a64e7 100644
--- a/net/netlabel/Makefile
+++ b/net/netlabel/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the NetLabel subsystem.
#
diff --git a/net/netlink/af_netlink.h b/net/netlink/af_netlink.h
index 3490f2430532..028188597eaa 100644
--- a/net/netlink/af_netlink.h
+++ b/net/netlink/af_netlink.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _AF_NETLINK_H
#define _AF_NETLINK_H
diff --git a/net/netlink/genetlink.c b/net/netlink/genetlink.c
index 10f8b4cff40a..d444daf1ac04 100644
--- a/net/netlink/genetlink.c
+++ b/net/netlink/genetlink.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* NETLINK Generic Netlink Family
*
diff --git a/net/nfc/Makefile b/net/nfc/Makefile
index 2555ff8e7219..2ffc69b473fc 100644
--- a/net/nfc/Makefile
+++ b/net/nfc/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the Linux NFC subsystem.
#
diff --git a/net/nfc/nci/Makefile b/net/nfc/nci/Makefile
index 0ca31d9bf741..c3362c499281 100644
--- a/net/nfc/nci/Makefile
+++ b/net/nfc/nci/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the Linux NFC NCI layer.
#
diff --git a/net/openvswitch/Makefile b/net/openvswitch/Makefile
index 60f809085b92..299f4476cf44 100644
--- a/net/openvswitch/Makefile
+++ b/net/openvswitch/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for Open vSwitch.
#
diff --git a/net/packet/internal.h b/net/packet/internal.h
index 94d1d405a116..562fbc155006 100644
--- a/net/packet/internal.h
+++ b/net/packet/internal.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __PACKET_INTERNAL_H__
#define __PACKET_INTERNAL_H__
diff --git a/net/phonet/Makefile b/net/phonet/Makefile
index e10b1b182ce3..444f875932b9 100644
--- a/net/phonet/Makefile
+++ b/net/phonet/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
obj-$(CONFIG_PHONET) += phonet.o pn_pep.o
phonet-y := \
diff --git a/net/qrtr/qrtr.h b/net/qrtr/qrtr.h
index 2b848718f8fe..b81e6953c04b 100644
--- a/net/qrtr/qrtr.h
+++ b/net/qrtr/qrtr.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __QRTR_H_
#define __QRTR_H_
diff --git a/net/rds/Makefile b/net/rds/Makefile
index 56c7d27eefee..b5d568bd479c 100644
--- a/net/rds/Makefile
+++ b/net/rds/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
obj-$(CONFIG_RDS) += rds.o
rds-y := af_rds.o bind.o cong.o connection.o info.o message.o \
recv.o send.o stats.o sysctl.o threads.o transport.o \
diff --git a/net/rds/ib.h b/net/rds/ib.h
index bf4822407567..86a8578d95b8 100644
--- a/net/rds/ib.h
+++ b/net/rds/ib.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _RDS_IB_H
#define _RDS_IB_H
diff --git a/net/rds/info.h b/net/rds/info.h
index b6c052ca7d22..a069b51c4679 100644
--- a/net/rds/info.h
+++ b/net/rds/info.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _RDS_INFO_H
#define _RDS_INFO_H
diff --git a/net/rds/loop.h b/net/rds/loop.h
index f32b0939a04d..469fa4b2da4f 100644
--- a/net/rds/loop.h
+++ b/net/rds/loop.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _RDS_LOOP_H
#define _RDS_LOOP_H
diff --git a/net/rds/rdma_transport.h b/net/rds/rdma_transport.h
index ff2010e9d20c..d309c4430124 100644
--- a/net/rds/rdma_transport.h
+++ b/net/rds/rdma_transport.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _RDMA_TRANSPORT_H
#define _RDMA_TRANSPORT_H
diff --git a/net/rds/rds.h b/net/rds/rds.h
index 2e0315b159cb..c349c71babff 100644
--- a/net/rds/rds.h
+++ b/net/rds/rds.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _RDS_RDS_H
#define _RDS_RDS_H
diff --git a/net/rds/rds_single_path.h b/net/rds/rds_single_path.h
index e1241af7c1ad..9521f6e99bef 100644
--- a/net/rds/rds_single_path.h
+++ b/net/rds/rds_single_path.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _RDS_RDS_SINGLE_H
#define _RDS_RDS_SINGLE_H
diff --git a/net/rds/tcp.h b/net/rds/tcp.h
index f8800b7ce79c..1aafbf7c3011 100644
--- a/net/rds/tcp.h
+++ b/net/rds/tcp.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _RDS_TCP_H
#define _RDS_TCP_H
diff --git a/net/rxrpc/Makefile b/net/rxrpc/Makefile
index 9c68d2f8ba39..6ffb7e9887ce 100644
--- a/net/rxrpc/Makefile
+++ b/net/rxrpc/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for Linux kernel RxRPC
#
diff --git a/net/sched/Makefile b/net/sched/Makefile
index 7b915d226de7..9e43a4721ef8 100644
--- a/net/sched/Makefile
+++ b/net/sched/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the Linux Traffic Control Unit.
#
diff --git a/net/sctp/Makefile b/net/sctp/Makefile
index 70f1b570bab9..8c434af3e68f 100644
--- a/net/sctp/Makefile
+++ b/net/sctp/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for SCTP support code.
#
diff --git a/net/smc/smc.h b/net/smc/smc.h
index 0ccd6fa387ad..0bee9d16cf29 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc.h
+++ b/net/smc/smc.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_cdc.c b/net/smc/smc_cdc.c
index a7294edbc221..535e72cfc64b 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_cdc.c
+++ b/net/smc/smc_cdc.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_cdc.h b/net/smc/smc_cdc.h
index 8e1d76f26007..bea61dadaf36 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_cdc.h
+++ b/net/smc/smc_cdc.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_clc.c b/net/smc/smc_clc.c
index b7dd2743fb5c..1800e16b2a02 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_clc.c
+++ b/net/smc/smc_clc.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_clc.h b/net/smc/smc_clc.h
index 1c55414041d4..12a9af1539a2 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_clc.h
+++ b/net/smc/smc_clc.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_close.c b/net/smc/smc_close.c
index f0d16fb825f7..2427a1f3d0d1 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_close.c
+++ b/net/smc/smc_close.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_close.h b/net/smc/smc_close.h
index 4a3d99a8d7cb..ed82506b1b0a 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_close.h
+++ b/net/smc/smc_close.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_core.c b/net/smc/smc_core.c
index 20b66e79c5d6..413e3868fbf3 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_core.c
+++ b/net/smc/smc_core.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_core.h b/net/smc/smc_core.h
index 19c44bf4e391..fe691bf9af91 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_core.h
+++ b/net/smc/smc_core.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_ib.c b/net/smc/smc_ib.c
index 0b5852299158..9033b8a36fe1 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_ib.c
+++ b/net/smc/smc_ib.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_ib.h b/net/smc/smc_ib.h
index 9b927a33d5e6..e90630dadf8e 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_ib.h
+++ b/net/smc/smc_ib.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_llc.c b/net/smc/smc_llc.c
index c2f9165d13ef..92fe4cc8c82c 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_llc.c
+++ b/net/smc/smc_llc.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_llc.h b/net/smc/smc_llc.h
index b472f853953a..51b27ce90dbd 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_llc.h
+++ b/net/smc/smc_llc.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_pnet.c b/net/smc/smc_pnet.c
index 31f8453c25c5..74568cdbca70 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_pnet.c
+++ b/net/smc/smc_pnet.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_pnet.h b/net/smc/smc_pnet.h
index c4f1bccd4358..5a29519db976 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_pnet.h
+++ b/net/smc/smc_pnet.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_rx.c b/net/smc/smc_rx.c
index 3e631ae4b6b6..cbf58637ee14 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_rx.c
+++ b/net/smc/smc_rx.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_rx.h b/net/smc/smc_rx.h
index b5b80e1f8b0f..3a32b59bf06c 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_rx.h
+++ b/net/smc/smc_rx.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_tx.c b/net/smc/smc_tx.c
index 3866573288dd..710ab3fbf607 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_tx.c
+++ b/net/smc/smc_tx.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_tx.h b/net/smc/smc_tx.h
index 1d6a0dcdcfe6..78255964fa4d 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_tx.h
+++ b/net/smc/smc_tx.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_wr.c b/net/smc/smc_wr.c
index 525d91e0d57e..de4537f66832 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_wr.c
+++ b/net/smc/smc_wr.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/smc/smc_wr.h b/net/smc/smc_wr.h
index 45eb53833052..2acf12b06063 100644
--- a/net/smc/smc_wr.h
+++ b/net/smc/smc_wr.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Shared Memory Communications over RDMA (SMC-R) and RoCE
*
diff --git a/net/sunrpc/Makefile b/net/sunrpc/Makefile
index ea7ffa12e0f9..090658c3da12 100644
--- a/net/sunrpc/Makefile
+++ b/net/sunrpc/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for Linux kernel SUN RPC
#
diff --git a/net/sunrpc/auth_gss/Makefile b/net/sunrpc/auth_gss/Makefile
index 14e9e53e63d5..c374268b008f 100644
--- a/net/sunrpc/auth_gss/Makefile
+++ b/net/sunrpc/auth_gss/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for Linux kernel rpcsec_gss implementation
#
diff --git a/net/sunrpc/auth_null.c b/net/sunrpc/auth_null.c
index 5f3d527dff65..75d72e109a04 100644
--- a/net/sunrpc/auth_null.c
+++ b/net/sunrpc/auth_null.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* linux/net/sunrpc/auth_null.c
*
diff --git a/net/sunrpc/auth_unix.c b/net/sunrpc/auth_unix.c
index 82337e1ec9cd..dafd6b870ba3 100644
--- a/net/sunrpc/auth_unix.c
+++ b/net/sunrpc/auth_unix.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* linux/net/sunrpc/auth_unix.c
*
diff --git a/net/sunrpc/debugfs.c b/net/sunrpc/debugfs.c
index c8fd0b6c1618..e980d2a493de 100644
--- a/net/sunrpc/debugfs.c
+++ b/net/sunrpc/debugfs.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/**
* debugfs interface for sunrpc
*
diff --git a/net/sunrpc/netns.h b/net/sunrpc/netns.h
index 394ce523174c..7ec10b92bea1 100644
--- a/net/sunrpc/netns.h
+++ b/net/sunrpc/netns.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __SUNRPC_NETNS_H__
#define __SUNRPC_NETNS_H__
diff --git a/net/sunrpc/xprtmultipath.c b/net/sunrpc/xprtmultipath.c
index ae92a9e9ba52..e2d64c7138c3 100644
--- a/net/sunrpc/xprtmultipath.c
+++ b/net/sunrpc/xprtmultipath.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Multipath support for RPC
*
diff --git a/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/Makefile b/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/Makefile
index b8213ddce2f2..8bf19e142b6b 100644
--- a/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/Makefile
+++ b/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
obj-$(CONFIG_SUNRPC_XPRT_RDMA) += rpcrdma.o
rpcrdma-y := transport.o rpc_rdma.o verbs.o \
diff --git a/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/backchannel.c b/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/backchannel.c
index d31d0ac5ada9..823a781ec89c 100644
--- a/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/backchannel.c
+++ b/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/backchannel.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Copyright (c) 2015 Oracle. All rights reserved.
*
diff --git a/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/fmr_ops.c b/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/fmr_ops.c
index 6c7151341194..fa759dd2b0f3 100644
--- a/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/fmr_ops.c
+++ b/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/fmr_ops.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Copyright (c) 2015 Oracle. All rights reserved.
* Copyright (c) 2003-2007 Network Appliance, Inc. All rights reserved.
diff --git a/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/frwr_ops.c b/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/frwr_ops.c
index df062e086bdb..35d7517ef0e6 100644
--- a/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/frwr_ops.c
+++ b/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/frwr_ops.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Copyright (c) 2015 Oracle. All rights reserved.
* Copyright (c) 2003-2007 Network Appliance, Inc. All rights reserved.
diff --git a/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/svc_rdma_backchannel.c b/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/svc_rdma_backchannel.c
index ec37ad83b068..992594b7cc6b 100644
--- a/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/svc_rdma_backchannel.c
+++ b/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/svc_rdma_backchannel.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Copyright (c) 2015 Oracle. All rights reserved.
*
diff --git a/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/svc_rdma_rw.c b/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/svc_rdma_rw.c
index 7dcda4597057..9bd04549a1ad 100644
--- a/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/svc_rdma_rw.c
+++ b/net/sunrpc/xprtrdma/svc_rdma_rw.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Copyright (c) 2016 Oracle. All rights reserved.
*
diff --git a/net/sunrpc/xprtsock.c b/net/sunrpc/xprtsock.c
index c1841f234a71..4dad5da388d6 100644
--- a/net/sunrpc/xprtsock.c
+++ b/net/sunrpc/xprtsock.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* linux/net/sunrpc/xprtsock.c
*
diff --git a/net/tipc/Makefile b/net/tipc/Makefile
index 31b9f9c52974..2bfaa9d4b403 100644
--- a/net/tipc/Makefile
+++ b/net/tipc/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the Linux TIPC layer
#
diff --git a/net/unix/Makefile b/net/unix/Makefile
index b663c607b1c6..ffd0a275c3a7 100644
--- a/net/unix/Makefile
+++ b/net/unix/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the Linux unix domain socket layer.
#
diff --git a/net/vmw_vsock/Makefile b/net/vmw_vsock/Makefile
index e63d574234a9..30a263320e4f 100644
--- a/net/vmw_vsock/Makefile
+++ b/net/vmw_vsock/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
obj-$(CONFIG_VSOCKETS) += vsock.o
obj-$(CONFIG_VMWARE_VMCI_VSOCKETS) += vmw_vsock_vmci_transport.o
obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_VSOCKETS) += vmw_vsock_virtio_transport.o
diff --git a/net/wimax/Makefile b/net/wimax/Makefile
index 8f1510d0cc2b..eb2db0d3b880 100644
--- a/net/wimax/Makefile
+++ b/net/wimax/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
obj-$(CONFIG_WIMAX) += wimax.o
diff --git a/net/wireless/Makefile b/net/wireless/Makefile
index d06e5015751a..b7c0300e0b08 100644
--- a/net/wireless/Makefile
+++ b/net/wireless/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
obj-$(CONFIG_CFG80211) += cfg80211.o
obj-$(CONFIG_LIB80211) += lib80211.o
obj-$(CONFIG_LIB80211_CRYPT_WEP) += lib80211_crypt_wep.o
diff --git a/net/wireless/ap.c b/net/wireless/ap.c
index 25666d3009be..63682176c96c 100644
--- a/net/wireless/ap.c
+++ b/net/wireless/ap.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/ieee80211.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <net/cfg80211.h>
diff --git a/net/wireless/chan.c b/net/wireless/chan.c
index b8aa5a7d5c77..fad1b5baf8ff 100644
--- a/net/wireless/chan.c
+++ b/net/wireless/chan.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* This file contains helper code to handle channel
* settings and keeping track of what is possible at
diff --git a/net/wireless/core.h b/net/wireless/core.h
index 6e809325af3b..705835047f98 100644
--- a/net/wireless/core.h
+++ b/net/wireless/core.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Wireless configuration interface internals.
*
diff --git a/net/wireless/debugfs.h b/net/wireless/debugfs.h
index 74fdd3811427..a8a135d94ab5 100644
--- a/net/wireless/debugfs.h
+++ b/net/wireless/debugfs.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __CFG80211_DEBUGFS_H
#define __CFG80211_DEBUGFS_H
diff --git a/net/wireless/ethtool.c b/net/wireless/ethtool.c
index e9e91298c70d..a9c0f368db5d 100644
--- a/net/wireless/ethtool.c
+++ b/net/wireless/ethtool.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/utsname.h>
#include <net/cfg80211.h>
#include "core.h"
diff --git a/net/wireless/ibss.c b/net/wireless/ibss.c
index 10bf040a0982..413d4f4e6334 100644
--- a/net/wireless/ibss.c
+++ b/net/wireless/ibss.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Some IBSS support code for cfg80211.
*
diff --git a/net/wireless/mesh.c b/net/wireless/mesh.c
index 421a6b80ec62..51aa55618ef7 100644
--- a/net/wireless/mesh.c
+++ b/net/wireless/mesh.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/ieee80211.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <net/cfg80211.h>
diff --git a/net/wireless/mlme.c b/net/wireless/mlme.c
index d8df7a5180a0..e7c64a8dce54 100644
--- a/net/wireless/mlme.c
+++ b/net/wireless/mlme.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* cfg80211 MLME SAP interface
*
diff --git a/net/wireless/nl80211.h b/net/wireless/nl80211.h
index b96933322077..fc415c8f7aac 100644
--- a/net/wireless/nl80211.h
+++ b/net/wireless/nl80211.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __NET_WIRELESS_NL80211_H
#define __NET_WIRELESS_NL80211_H
diff --git a/net/wireless/rdev-ops.h b/net/wireless/rdev-ops.h
index ce23d7d49960..0c06240d25af 100644
--- a/net/wireless/rdev-ops.h
+++ b/net/wireless/rdev-ops.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __CFG80211_RDEV_OPS
#define __CFG80211_RDEV_OPS
diff --git a/net/wireless/scan.c b/net/wireless/scan.c
index 9f0901f3e42b..f6c5fe482506 100644
--- a/net/wireless/scan.c
+++ b/net/wireless/scan.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* cfg80211 scan result handling
*
diff --git a/net/wireless/sme.c b/net/wireless/sme.c
index 0a49b88070d0..37cea4d98879 100644
--- a/net/wireless/sme.c
+++ b/net/wireless/sme.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* SME code for cfg80211
* both driver SME event handling and the SME implementation
diff --git a/net/wireless/sysfs.h b/net/wireless/sysfs.h
index b533ed71daff..7b454c2de9b7 100644
--- a/net/wireless/sysfs.h
+++ b/net/wireless/sysfs.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __WIRELESS_SYSFS_H
#define __WIRELESS_SYSFS_H
diff --git a/net/wireless/trace.h b/net/wireless/trace.h
index 0f8db41eaddb..f3353fe5b35b 100644
--- a/net/wireless/trace.h
+++ b/net/wireless/trace.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#undef TRACE_SYSTEM
#define TRACE_SYSTEM cfg80211
diff --git a/net/wireless/util.c b/net/wireless/util.c
index bcb1284c3415..c1238d582fd1 100644
--- a/net/wireless/util.c
+++ b/net/wireless/util.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Wireless utility functions
*
diff --git a/net/wireless/wext-compat.c b/net/wireless/wext-compat.c
index 5d4a02c7979b..7ca04a7de85a 100644
--- a/net/wireless/wext-compat.c
+++ b/net/wireless/wext-compat.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* cfg80211 - wext compat code
*
diff --git a/net/wireless/wext-sme.c b/net/wireless/wext-sme.c
index c434f193f39a..c67d7a82ab13 100644
--- a/net/wireless/wext-sme.c
+++ b/net/wireless/wext-sme.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* cfg80211 wext compat for managed mode.
*
diff --git a/net/x25/Makefile b/net/x25/Makefile
index a2c34ab6f194..5dd544a231f2 100644
--- a/net/x25/Makefile
+++ b/net/x25/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the Linux X.25 Packet layer.
#
diff --git a/net/x25/sysctl_net_x25.c b/net/x25/sysctl_net_x25.c
index ba078c85f0a1..e9802afa43d0 100644
--- a/net/x25/sysctl_net_x25.c
+++ b/net/x25/sysctl_net_x25.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* -*- linux-c -*-
* sysctl_net_x25.c: sysctl interface to net X.25 subsystem.
*
diff --git a/net/xfrm/Makefile b/net/xfrm/Makefile
index 55b2ac300995..0bd2465a8c5a 100644
--- a/net/xfrm/Makefile
+++ b/net/xfrm/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the XFRM subsystem.
#
diff --git a/net/xfrm/xfrm_hash.c b/net/xfrm/xfrm_hash.c
index 1e98bc0fe0a5..2ad33ce1ea17 100644
--- a/net/xfrm/xfrm_hash.c
+++ b/net/xfrm/xfrm_hash.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* xfrm_hash.c: Common hash table code.
*
* Copyright (C) 2006 David S. Miller (davem@davemloft.net)
diff --git a/net/xfrm/xfrm_hash.h b/net/xfrm/xfrm_hash.h
index eaea9c4fb3b0..61be810389d8 100644
--- a/net/xfrm/xfrm_hash.h
+++ b/net/xfrm/xfrm_hash.h
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _XFRM_HASH_H
#define _XFRM_HASH_H
diff --git a/net/xfrm/xfrm_input.c b/net/xfrm/xfrm_input.c
index 8ac9d32fb79d..82d20ee34581 100644
--- a/net/xfrm/xfrm_input.c
+++ b/net/xfrm/xfrm_input.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* xfrm_input.c
*
diff --git a/net/xfrm/xfrm_sysctl.c b/net/xfrm/xfrm_sysctl.c
index 35a7e794ad04..0c6c5ef65f9d 100644
--- a/net/xfrm/xfrm_sysctl.c
+++ b/net/xfrm/xfrm_sysctl.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <linux/sysctl.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <net/net_namespace.h>