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authorWang Lei <wang840925@gmail.com>2010-08-04 15:16:33 +0100
committerSteve French <sfrench@us.ibm.com>2010-08-05 17:17:51 +0000
commit1a4240f4764ac78adbf4b0ebb49b3bd8c72ffa11 (patch)
tree7d9de5b071e7ab8a8355bdf7902db4c0a0e812b1 /net
parentba5dadbf4e7b531bd7ccecffb4d3935c80a3372e (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-1a4240f4764ac78adbf4b0ebb49b3bd8c72ffa11.tar.gz
DNS: Separate out CIFS DNS Resolver code
Separate out the DNS resolver key type from the CIFS filesystem into its own module so that it can be made available for general use, including the AFS filesystem module. This facility makes it possible for the kernel to upcall to userspace to have it issue DNS requests, package up the replies and present them to the kernel in a useful form. The kernel is then able to cache the DNS replies as keys can be retained in keyrings. Resolver keys are of type "dns_resolver" and have a case-insensitive description that is of the form "[<type>:]<domain_name>". The optional <type> indicates the particular DNS lookup and packaging that's required. The <domain_name> is the query to be made. If <type> isn't given, a basic hostname to IP address lookup is made, and the result is stored in the key in the form of a printable string consisting of a comma-separated list of IPv4 and IPv6 addresses. This key type is supported by userspace helpers driven from /sbin/request-key and configured through /etc/request-key.conf. The cifs.upcall utility is invoked for UNC path server name to IP address resolution. The CIFS functionality is encapsulated by the dns_resolve_unc_to_ip() function, which is used to resolve a UNC path to an IP address for CIFS filesystem. This part remains in the CIFS module for now. See the added Documentation/networking/dns_resolver.txt for more information. Signed-off-by: Wang Lei <wang840925@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Steve French <sfrench@us.ibm.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'net')
-rw-r--r--net/Kconfig1
-rw-r--r--net/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--net/dns_resolver/Kconfig27
-rw-r--r--net/dns_resolver/Makefile7
-rw-r--r--net/dns_resolver/dns_key.c210
-rw-r--r--net/dns_resolver/dns_query.c159
-rw-r--r--net/dns_resolver/internal.h44
7 files changed, 449 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/net/Kconfig b/net/Kconfig
index e24fa0873f32..e330594d3709 100644
--- a/net/Kconfig
+++ b/net/Kconfig
@@ -213,6 +213,7 @@ source "net/phonet/Kconfig"
source "net/ieee802154/Kconfig"
source "net/sched/Kconfig"
source "net/dcb/Kconfig"
+source "net/dns_resolver/Kconfig"
config RPS
boolean
diff --git a/net/Makefile b/net/Makefile
index 41d420070a38..ea60fbce9b1b 100644
--- a/net/Makefile
+++ b/net/Makefile
@@ -67,3 +67,4 @@ ifeq ($(CONFIG_NET),y)
obj-$(CONFIG_SYSCTL) += sysctl_net.o
endif
obj-$(CONFIG_WIMAX) += wimax/
+obj-$(CONFIG_DNS_RESOLVER) += dns_resolver/
diff --git a/net/dns_resolver/Kconfig b/net/dns_resolver/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..2ec47cb5d0d6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/net/dns_resolver/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,27 @@
+#
+# Configuration for DNS Resolver
+#
+config DNS_RESOLVER
+ tristate "DNS Resolver support"
+ depends on NET && KEYS
+ help
+ Saying Y here will include support for the DNS Resolver key type
+ which can be used to make upcalls to perform DNS lookups in
+ userspace.
+
+ DNS Resolver is used to query DNS server for information. Examples
+ being resolving a UNC hostname element to an IP address for CIFS or
+ performing a DNS query for AFSDB records so that AFS can locate a
+ cell's volume location database servers.
+
+ DNS Resolver is used by the CIFS and AFS modules, and would support
+ samba4 later. DNS Resolver is supported by the userspace upcall
+ helper "/sbin/dns.resolver" via /etc/request-key.conf.
+
+ See <file:Documentation/networking/dns_resolver.txt> for further
+ information.
+
+ To compile this as a module, choose M here: the module will be called
+ dnsresolver.
+
+ If unsure, say N.
diff --git a/net/dns_resolver/Makefile b/net/dns_resolver/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c0ef4e71dc49
--- /dev/null
+++ b/net/dns_resolver/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+#
+# Makefile for the Linux DNS Resolver.
+#
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_DNS_RESOLVER) += dns_resolver.o
+
+dns_resolver-objs := dns_key.o dns_query.o
diff --git a/net/dns_resolver/dns_key.c b/net/dns_resolver/dns_key.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1b1b411adcf1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/net/dns_resolver/dns_key.c
@@ -0,0 +1,210 @@
+/* Key type used to cache DNS lookups made by the kernel
+ *
+ * See Documentation/networking/dns_resolver.txt
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2007 Igor Mammedov
+ * Author(s): Igor Mammedov (niallain@gmail.com)
+ * Steve French (sfrench@us.ibm.com)
+ * Wang Lei (wang840925@gmail.com)
+ * David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ *
+ * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published
+ * by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See
+ * the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
+ * along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/keyctl.h>
+#include <keys/dns_resolver-type.h>
+#include <keys/user-type.h>
+#include "internal.h"
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("DNS Resolver");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Wang Lei");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+
+unsigned dns_resolver_debug;
+module_param_named(debug, dns_resolver_debug, uint, S_IWUSR | S_IRUGO);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(debug, "DNS Resolver debugging mask");
+
+const struct cred *dns_resolver_cache;
+
+/*
+ * Instantiate a user defined key for dns_resolver.
+ *
+ * The data must be a NUL-terminated string, with the NUL char accounted in
+ * datalen.
+ *
+ * If the data contains a '#' characters, then we take the clause after each
+ * one to be an option of the form 'key=value'. The actual data of interest is
+ * the string leading up to the first '#'. For instance:
+ *
+ * "ip1,ip2,...#foo=bar"
+ */
+static int
+dns_resolver_instantiate(struct key *key, const void *_data, size_t datalen)
+{
+ struct user_key_payload *upayload;
+ int ret;
+ size_t result_len = 0;
+ const char *data = _data, *opt;
+
+ kenter("%%%d,%s,'%s',%zu",
+ key->serial, key->description, data, datalen);
+
+ if (datalen <= 1 || !data || data[datalen - 1] != '\0')
+ return -EINVAL;
+ datalen--;
+
+ /* deal with any options embedded in the data */
+ opt = memchr(data, '#', datalen);
+ if (!opt) {
+ kdebug("no options currently supported");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ result_len = datalen;
+ ret = key_payload_reserve(key, result_len);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ upayload = kmalloc(sizeof(*upayload) + result_len + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!upayload) {
+ kleave(" = -ENOMEM");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ upayload->datalen = result_len;
+ memcpy(upayload->data, data, result_len);
+ upayload->data[result_len] = '\0';
+ rcu_assign_pointer(key->payload.data, upayload);
+
+ kleave(" = 0");
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * The description is of the form "[<type>:]<domain_name>"
+ *
+ * The domain name may be a simple name or an absolute domain name (which
+ * should end with a period). The domain name is case-independent.
+ */
+static int
+dns_resolver_match(const struct key *key, const void *description)
+{
+ int slen, dlen, ret = 0;
+ const char *src = key->description, *dsp = description;
+
+ kenter("%s,%s", src, dsp);
+
+ if (!src || !dsp)
+ goto no_match;
+
+ if (strcasecmp(src, dsp) == 0)
+ goto matched;
+
+ slen = strlen(src);
+ dlen = strlen(dsp);
+ if (slen <= 0 || dlen <= 0)
+ goto no_match;
+ if (src[slen - 1] == '.')
+ slen--;
+ if (dsp[dlen - 1] == '.')
+ dlen--;
+ if (slen != dlen || strncasecmp(src, dsp, slen) != 0)
+ goto no_match;
+
+matched:
+ ret = 1;
+no_match:
+ kleave(" = %d", ret);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+struct key_type key_type_dns_resolver = {
+ .name = "dns_resolver",
+ .instantiate = dns_resolver_instantiate,
+ .match = dns_resolver_match,
+ .revoke = user_revoke,
+ .destroy = user_destroy,
+ .describe = user_describe,
+ .read = user_read,
+};
+
+static int __init init_dns_resolver(void)
+{
+ struct cred *cred;
+ struct key *keyring;
+ int ret;
+
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE "Registering the %s key type\n",
+ key_type_dns_resolver.name);
+
+ /* create an override credential set with a special thread keyring in
+ * which DNS requests are cached
+ *
+ * this is used to prevent malicious redirections from being installed
+ * with add_key().
+ */
+ cred = prepare_kernel_cred(NULL);
+ if (!cred)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ keyring = key_alloc(&key_type_keyring, ".dns_resolver", 0, 0, cred,
+ (KEY_POS_ALL & ~KEY_POS_SETATTR) |
+ KEY_USR_VIEW | KEY_USR_READ,
+ KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA);
+ if (IS_ERR(keyring)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(keyring);
+ goto failed_put_cred;
+ }
+
+ ret = key_instantiate_and_link(keyring, NULL, 0, NULL, NULL);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto failed_put_key;
+
+ ret = register_key_type(&key_type_dns_resolver);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto failed_put_key;
+
+ /* instruct request_key() to use this special keyring as a cache for
+ * the results it looks up */
+ cred->thread_keyring = keyring;
+ cred->jit_keyring = KEY_REQKEY_DEFL_THREAD_KEYRING;
+ dns_resolver_cache = cred;
+
+ kdebug("DNS resolver keyring: %d\n", key_serial(keyring));
+ return 0;
+
+failed_put_key:
+ key_put(keyring);
+failed_put_cred:
+ put_cred(cred);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void __exit exit_dns_resolver(void)
+{
+ key_revoke(dns_resolver_cache->thread_keyring);
+ unregister_key_type(&key_type_dns_resolver);
+ put_cred(dns_resolver_cache);
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE "Unregistered %s key type\n",
+ key_type_dns_resolver.name);
+}
+
+module_init(init_dns_resolver)
+module_exit(exit_dns_resolver)
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
diff --git a/net/dns_resolver/dns_query.c b/net/dns_resolver/dns_query.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6c0cf31ea00d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/net/dns_resolver/dns_query.c
@@ -0,0 +1,159 @@
+/* Upcall routine, designed to work as a key type and working through
+ * /sbin/request-key to contact userspace when handling DNS queries.
+ *
+ * See Documentation/networking/dns_resolver.txt
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2007 Igor Mammedov
+ * Author(s): Igor Mammedov (niallain@gmail.com)
+ * Steve French (sfrench@us.ibm.com)
+ * Wang Lei (wang840925@gmail.com)
+ * David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ *
+ * The upcall wrapper used to make an arbitrary DNS query.
+ *
+ * This function requires the appropriate userspace tool dns.upcall to be
+ * installed and something like the following lines should be added to the
+ * /etc/request-key.conf file:
+ *
+ * create dns_resolver * * /sbin/dns.upcall %k
+ *
+ * For example to use this module to query AFSDB RR:
+ *
+ * create dns_resolver afsdb:* * /sbin/dns.afsdb %k
+ *
+ * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published
+ * by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See
+ * the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
+ * along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/dns_resolver.h>
+#include <keys/dns_resolver-type.h>
+#include <keys/user-type.h>
+
+#include "internal.h"
+
+/*
+ * dns_query - Query the DNS
+ * @type: Query type (or NULL for straight host->IP lookup)
+ * @name: Name to look up
+ * @namelen: Length of name
+ * @options: Request options (or NULL if no options)
+ * @_result: Where to place the returned data.
+ * @_expiry: Where to store the result expiry time (or NULL)
+ *
+ * The data will be returned in the pointer at *result, and the caller is
+ * responsible for freeing it.
+ *
+ * The description should be of the form "[<query_type>:]<domain_name>", and
+ * the options need to be appropriate for the query type requested. If no
+ * query_type is given, then the query is a straight hostname to IP address
+ * lookup.
+ *
+ * The DNS resolution lookup is performed by upcalling to userspace by way of
+ * requesting a key of type dns_resolver.
+ *
+ * Returns the size of the result on success, -ve error code otherwise.
+ */
+int dns_query(const char *type, const char *name, size_t namelen,
+ const char *options, char **_result, time_t *_expiry)
+{
+ struct key *rkey;
+ struct user_key_payload *upayload;
+ const struct cred *saved_cred;
+ size_t typelen, desclen;
+ char *desc, *cp;
+ int ret, len;
+
+ kenter("%s,%*.*s,%zu,%s",
+ type, (int)namelen, (int)namelen, name, namelen, options);
+
+ if (!name || namelen == 0 || !_result)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* construct the query key description as "[<type>:]<name>" */
+ typelen = 0;
+ desclen = 0;
+ if (type) {
+ typelen = strlen(type);
+ if (typelen < 1)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ desclen += typelen + 1;
+ }
+
+ if (!namelen)
+ namelen = strlen(name);
+ if (namelen < 3)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ desclen += namelen + 1;
+
+ desc = kmalloc(desclen, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!desc)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ cp = desc;
+ if (type) {
+ memcpy(cp, type, typelen);
+ cp += typelen;
+ *cp++ = ':';
+ }
+ memcpy(cp, name, namelen);
+ cp += namelen;
+ *cp = '\0';
+
+ if (!options)
+ options = "";
+ kdebug("call request_key(,%s,%s)", desc, options);
+
+ /* make the upcall, using special credentials to prevent the use of
+ * add_key() to preinstall malicious redirections
+ */
+ saved_cred = override_creds(dns_resolver_cache);
+ rkey = request_key(&key_type_dns_resolver, desc, options);
+ revert_creds(saved_cred);
+ kfree(desc);
+ if (IS_ERR(rkey)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(rkey);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ down_read(&rkey->sem);
+ rkey->perm |= KEY_USR_VIEW;
+
+ ret = key_validate(rkey);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto put;
+
+ upayload = rcu_dereference_protected(rkey->payload.data,
+ lockdep_is_held(&rkey->sem));
+ len = upayload->datalen;
+
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ *_result = kmalloc(len + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!*_result)
+ goto put;
+
+ memcpy(*_result, upayload->data, len + 1);
+ if (_expiry)
+ *_expiry = rkey->expiry;
+
+ ret = len;
+put:
+ up_read(&rkey->sem);
+ key_put(rkey);
+out:
+ kleave(" = %d", ret);
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(dns_query);
diff --git a/net/dns_resolver/internal.h b/net/dns_resolver/internal.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..189ca9e9b785
--- /dev/null
+++ b/net/dns_resolver/internal.h
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2010 Wang Lei
+ * Author(s): Wang Lei (wang840925@gmail.com). All Rights Reserved.
+ *
+ * Internal DNS Rsolver stuff
+ *
+ * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published
+ * by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See
+ * the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
+ * along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+
+/*
+ * dns_key.c
+ */
+extern const struct cred *dns_resolver_cache;
+
+/*
+ * debug tracing
+ */
+extern unsigned dns_resolver_debug;
+
+#define kdebug(FMT, ...) \
+do { \
+ if (unlikely(dns_resolver_debug)) \
+ printk(KERN_DEBUG "[%-6.6s] "FMT"\n", \
+ current->comm, ##__VA_ARGS__); \
+} while (0)
+
+#define kenter(FMT, ...) kdebug("==> %s("FMT")", __func__, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define kleave(FMT, ...) kdebug("<== %s()"FMT"", __func__, ##__VA_ARGS__)