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authorBaoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>2018-08-17 15:48:49 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2018-08-17 16:20:31 -0700
commitc98aff649349d9147915a19d378c9c3c1bd85de0 (patch)
tree5af2720e65d8360b66d6b736b3f89a5a58f83589 /mm
parent9258631b33374f20d856032c3542b76ad7f5a312 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-c98aff649349d9147915a19d378c9c3c1bd85de0.tar.gz
mm/sparse: optimize memmap allocation during sparse_init()
In sparse_init(), two temporary pointer arrays, usemap_map and map_map are allocated with the size of NR_MEM_SECTIONS. They are used to store each memory section's usemap and mem map if marked as present. With the help of these two arrays, continuous memory chunk is allocated for usemap and memmap for memory sections on one node. This avoids too many memory fragmentations. Like below diagram, '1' indicates the present memory section, '0' means absent one. The number 'n' could be much smaller than NR_MEM_SECTIONS on most of systems. |1|1|1|1|0|0|0|0|1|1|0|0|...|1|0||1|0|...|1||0|1|...|0| ------------------------------------------------------- 0 1 2 3 4 5 i i+1 n-1 n If we fail to populate the page tables to map one section's memmap, its ->section_mem_map will be cleared finally to indicate that it's not present. After use, these two arrays will be released at the end of sparse_init(). In 4-level paging mode, each array costs 4M which can be ignorable. While in 5-level paging, they costs 256M each, 512M altogether. Kdump kernel Usually only reserves very few memory, e.g 256M. So, even thouth they are temporarily allocated, still not acceptable. In fact, there's no need to allocate them with the size of NR_MEM_SECTIONS. Since the ->section_mem_map clearing has been deferred to the last, the number of present memory sections are kept the same during sparse_init() until we finally clear out the memory section's ->section_mem_map if its usemap or memmap is not correctly handled. Thus in the middle whenever for_each_present_section_nr() loop is taken, the i-th present memory section is always the same one. Here only allocate usemap_map and map_map with the size of 'nr_present_sections'. For the i-th present memory section, install its usemap and memmap to usemap_map[i] and mam_map[i] during allocation. Then in the last for_each_present_section_nr() loop which clears the failed memory section's ->section_mem_map, fetch usemap and memmap from usemap_map[] and map_map[] array and set them into mem_section[] accordingly. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180628062857.29658-5-bhe@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com> Cc: Pasha Tatashin <Pavel.Tatashin@microsoft.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@techadventures.net> Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pagupta@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm')
-rw-r--r--mm/sparse-vmemmap.c6
-rw-r--r--mm/sparse.c46
2 files changed, 41 insertions, 11 deletions
diff --git a/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c b/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
index 68bb65b2d34d..95e2c7638a5c 100644
--- a/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
+++ b/mm/sparse-vmemmap.c
@@ -281,6 +281,7 @@ void __init sparse_mem_maps_populate_node(struct page **map_map,
unsigned long pnum;
unsigned long size = sizeof(struct page) * PAGES_PER_SECTION;
void *vmemmap_buf_start;
+ int nr_consumed_maps = 0;
size = ALIGN(size, PMD_SIZE);
vmemmap_buf_start = __earlyonly_bootmem_alloc(nodeid, size * map_count,
@@ -295,8 +296,9 @@ void __init sparse_mem_maps_populate_node(struct page **map_map,
if (!present_section_nr(pnum))
continue;
- map_map[pnum] = sparse_mem_map_populate(pnum, nodeid, NULL);
- if (map_map[pnum])
+ map_map[nr_consumed_maps] =
+ sparse_mem_map_populate(pnum, nodeid, NULL);
+ if (map_map[nr_consumed_maps++])
continue;
pr_err("%s: sparsemem memory map backing failed some memory will not be available\n",
__func__);
diff --git a/mm/sparse.c b/mm/sparse.c
index eb188eb6b82d..2ea8b3dbd0df 100644
--- a/mm/sparse.c
+++ b/mm/sparse.c
@@ -381,6 +381,7 @@ static void __init sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_node(void *data,
unsigned long pnum;
unsigned long **usemap_map = (unsigned long **)data;
int size = usemap_size();
+ int nr_consumed_maps = 0;
usemap = sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_pgdat_section(NODE_DATA(nodeid),
size * usemap_count);
@@ -392,9 +393,10 @@ static void __init sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_node(void *data,
for (pnum = pnum_begin; pnum < pnum_end; pnum++) {
if (!present_section_nr(pnum))
continue;
- usemap_map[pnum] = usemap;
+ usemap_map[nr_consumed_maps] = usemap;
usemap += size;
- check_usemap_section_nr(nodeid, usemap_map[pnum]);
+ check_usemap_section_nr(nodeid, usemap_map[nr_consumed_maps]);
+ nr_consumed_maps++;
}
}
@@ -419,29 +421,34 @@ void __init sparse_mem_maps_populate_node(struct page **map_map,
void *map;
unsigned long pnum;
unsigned long size = sizeof(struct page) * PAGES_PER_SECTION;
+ int nr_consumed_maps;
size = PAGE_ALIGN(size);
map = memblock_virt_alloc_try_nid_raw(size * map_count,
PAGE_SIZE, __pa(MAX_DMA_ADDRESS),
BOOTMEM_ALLOC_ACCESSIBLE, nodeid);
if (map) {
+ nr_consumed_maps = 0;
for (pnum = pnum_begin; pnum < pnum_end; pnum++) {
if (!present_section_nr(pnum))
continue;
- map_map[pnum] = map;
+ map_map[nr_consumed_maps] = map;
map += size;
+ nr_consumed_maps++;
}
return;
}
/* fallback */
+ nr_consumed_maps = 0;
for (pnum = pnum_begin; pnum < pnum_end; pnum++) {
struct mem_section *ms;
if (!present_section_nr(pnum))
continue;
- map_map[pnum] = sparse_mem_map_populate(pnum, nodeid, NULL);
- if (map_map[pnum])
+ map_map[nr_consumed_maps] =
+ sparse_mem_map_populate(pnum, nodeid, NULL);
+ if (map_map[nr_consumed_maps++])
continue;
ms = __nr_to_section(pnum);
pr_err("%s: sparsemem memory map backing failed some memory will not be available\n",
@@ -521,6 +528,7 @@ static void __init alloc_usemap_and_memmap(void (*alloc_func)
/* new start, update count etc*/
nodeid_begin = nodeid;
pnum_begin = pnum;
+ data += map_count * data_unit_size;
map_count = 1;
}
/* ok, last chunk */
@@ -539,6 +547,7 @@ void __init sparse_init(void)
unsigned long *usemap;
unsigned long **usemap_map;
int size;
+ int nr_consumed_maps = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_ALLOC_MEM_MAP_TOGETHER
int size2;
struct page **map_map;
@@ -561,7 +570,7 @@ void __init sparse_init(void)
* powerpc need to call sparse_init_one_section right after each
* sparse_early_mem_map_alloc, so allocate usemap_map at first.
*/
- size = sizeof(unsigned long *) * NR_MEM_SECTIONS;
+ size = sizeof(unsigned long *) * nr_present_sections;
usemap_map = memblock_virt_alloc(size, 0);
if (!usemap_map)
panic("can not allocate usemap_map\n");
@@ -570,7 +579,7 @@ void __init sparse_init(void)
sizeof(usemap_map[0]));
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_ALLOC_MEM_MAP_TOGETHER
- size2 = sizeof(struct page *) * NR_MEM_SECTIONS;
+ size2 = sizeof(struct page *) * nr_present_sections;
map_map = memblock_virt_alloc(size2, 0);
if (!map_map)
panic("can not allocate map_map\n");
@@ -579,27 +588,46 @@ void __init sparse_init(void)
sizeof(map_map[0]));
#endif
+ /*
+ * The number of present sections stored in nr_present_sections
+ * are kept the same since mem sections are marked as present in
+ * memory_present(). In this for loop, we need check which sections
+ * failed to allocate memmap or usemap, then clear its
+ * ->section_mem_map accordingly. During this process, we need
+ * increase 'nr_consumed_maps' whether its allocation of memmap
+ * or usemap failed or not, so that after we handle the i-th
+ * memory section, can get memmap and usemap of (i+1)-th section
+ * correctly.
+ */
for_each_present_section_nr(0, pnum) {
struct mem_section *ms;
+
+ if (nr_consumed_maps >= nr_present_sections) {
+ pr_err("nr_consumed_maps goes beyond nr_present_sections\n");
+ break;
+ }
ms = __nr_to_section(pnum);
- usemap = usemap_map[pnum];
+ usemap = usemap_map[nr_consumed_maps];
if (!usemap) {
ms->section_mem_map = 0;
+ nr_consumed_maps++;
continue;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_ALLOC_MEM_MAP_TOGETHER
- map = map_map[pnum];
+ map = map_map[nr_consumed_maps];
#else
map = sparse_early_mem_map_alloc(pnum);
#endif
if (!map) {
ms->section_mem_map = 0;
+ nr_consumed_maps++;
continue;
}
sparse_init_one_section(__nr_to_section(pnum), pnum, map,
usemap);
+ nr_consumed_maps++;
}
vmemmap_populate_print_last();