aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/include
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorStephen Hemminger <shemminger@vyatta.com>2009-04-28 22:36:33 -0700
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2009-04-28 22:36:33 -0700
commit942e4a2bd680c606af0211e64eb216be2e19bf61 (patch)
treea83af49242d4a8d53aa0f3b5814eb17da72edc09 /include
parentbf368e4e70cd4e0f880923c44e95a4273d725ab4 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-942e4a2bd680c606af0211e64eb216be2e19bf61.tar.gz
netfilter: revised locking for x_tables
The x_tables are organized with a table structure and a per-cpu copies of the counters and rules. On older kernels there was a reader/writer lock per table which was a performance bottleneck. In 2.6.30-rc, this was converted to use RCU and the counters/rules which solved the performance problems for do_table but made replacing rules much slower because of the necessary RCU grace period. This version uses a per-cpu set of spinlocks and counters to allow to table processing to proceed without the cache thrashing of a global reader lock and keeps the same performance for table updates. Signed-off-by: Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@vyatta.com> Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'include')
-rw-r--r--include/linux/netfilter/x_tables.h73
1 files changed, 68 insertions, 5 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/netfilter/x_tables.h b/include/linux/netfilter/x_tables.h
index 7b1a652066c0..1b2e43502ef7 100644
--- a/include/linux/netfilter/x_tables.h
+++ b/include/linux/netfilter/x_tables.h
@@ -354,9 +354,6 @@ struct xt_table
/* What hooks you will enter on */
unsigned int valid_hooks;
- /* Lock for the curtain */
- struct mutex lock;
-
/* Man behind the curtain... */
struct xt_table_info *private;
@@ -434,8 +431,74 @@ extern void xt_proto_fini(struct net *net, u_int8_t af);
extern struct xt_table_info *xt_alloc_table_info(unsigned int size);
extern void xt_free_table_info(struct xt_table_info *info);
-extern void xt_table_entry_swap_rcu(struct xt_table_info *old,
- struct xt_table_info *new);
+
+/*
+ * Per-CPU spinlock associated with per-cpu table entries, and
+ * with a counter for the "reading" side that allows a recursive
+ * reader to avoid taking the lock and deadlocking.
+ *
+ * "reading" is used by ip/arp/ip6 tables rule processing which runs per-cpu.
+ * It needs to ensure that the rules are not being changed while the packet
+ * is being processed. In some cases, the read lock will be acquired
+ * twice on the same CPU; this is okay because of the count.
+ *
+ * "writing" is used when reading counters.
+ * During replace any readers that are using the old tables have to complete
+ * before freeing the old table. This is handled by the write locking
+ * necessary for reading the counters.
+ */
+struct xt_info_lock {
+ spinlock_t lock;
+ unsigned char readers;
+};
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct xt_info_lock, xt_info_locks);
+
+/*
+ * Note: we need to ensure that preemption is disabled before acquiring
+ * the per-cpu-variable, so we do it as a two step process rather than
+ * using "spin_lock_bh()".
+ *
+ * We _also_ need to disable bottom half processing before updating our
+ * nesting count, to make sure that the only kind of re-entrancy is this
+ * code being called by itself: since the count+lock is not an atomic
+ * operation, we can allow no races.
+ *
+ * _Only_ that special combination of being per-cpu and never getting
+ * re-entered asynchronously means that the count is safe.
+ */
+static inline void xt_info_rdlock_bh(void)
+{
+ struct xt_info_lock *lock;
+
+ local_bh_disable();
+ lock = &__get_cpu_var(xt_info_locks);
+ if (!lock->readers++)
+ spin_lock(&lock->lock);
+}
+
+static inline void xt_info_rdunlock_bh(void)
+{
+ struct xt_info_lock *lock = &__get_cpu_var(xt_info_locks);
+
+ if (!--lock->readers)
+ spin_unlock(&lock->lock);
+ local_bh_enable();
+}
+
+/*
+ * The "writer" side needs to get exclusive access to the lock,
+ * regardless of readers. This must be called with bottom half
+ * processing (and thus also preemption) disabled.
+ */
+static inline void xt_info_wrlock(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ spin_lock(&per_cpu(xt_info_locks, cpu).lock);
+}
+
+static inline void xt_info_wrunlock(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ spin_unlock(&per_cpu(xt_info_locks, cpu).lock);
+}
/*
* This helper is performance critical and must be inlined