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authorAlan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>2012-07-11 11:21:54 -0400
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2012-07-16 16:53:16 -0700
commitd58b4bcc6df8046cf9c3c59f9ff84d2cd86b93eb (patch)
treebef387c0c81654a38271f8528bb8b877ac5d3ed7 /drivers/usb/host/ehci-timer.c
parentc0c53dbc32ea05a1e1dd9dba4772327da9a11750 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-d58b4bcc6df8046cf9c3c59f9ff84d2cd86b93eb.tar.gz
USB: EHCI: introduce high-res timer
This patch (as1572) begins the conversion of ehci-hcd over to using high-resolution timers rather than old-fashioned low-resolution kernel timers. This reduces overhead caused by timer roundoff on systems where HZ is smaller than 1000. Also, the new timer framework introduced here is much more logical and easily extended than the ad-hoc approach ehci-hcd currently uses for timers. An hrtimer structure is added to ehci_hcd, along with a bitflag array and an array of ktime_t values, to keep track of which timing events are pending and what their expiration times are. Only the infrastructure for the timing operations is added in this patch. Later patches will add routines for handling each of the various timing events the driver needs. In some cases the new hrtimer handlers will replace the existing handlers for ehci-hcd's kernel timers; as this happens the old timers will be removed. In other cases the new timing events will replace busy-wait loops. Signed-off-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers/usb/host/ehci-timer.c')
-rw-r--r--drivers/usb/host/ehci-timer.c106
1 files changed, 106 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/usb/host/ehci-timer.c b/drivers/usb/host/ehci-timer.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f6279e2883a8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/usb/host/ehci-timer.c
@@ -0,0 +1,106 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 by Alan Stern
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
+ * Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
+ * option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
+ * or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
+ * for more details.
+ */
+
+/* This file is part of ehci-hcd.c */
+
+/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
+
+/*
+ * EHCI timer support... Now using hrtimers.
+ *
+ * Lots of different events are triggered from ehci->hrtimer. Whenever
+ * the timer routine runs, it checks each possible event; events that are
+ * currently enabled and whose expiration time has passed get handled.
+ * The set of enabled events is stored as a collection of bitflags in
+ * ehci->enabled_hrtimer_events, and they are numbered in order of
+ * increasing delay values (ranging between 1 ms and 100 ms).
+ *
+ * Rather than implementing a sorted list or tree of all pending events,
+ * we keep track only of the lowest-numbered pending event, in
+ * ehci->next_hrtimer_event. Whenever ehci->hrtimer gets restarted, its
+ * expiration time is set to the timeout value for this event.
+ *
+ * As a result, events might not get handled right away; the actual delay
+ * could be anywhere up to twice the requested delay. This doesn't
+ * matter, because none of the events are especially time-critical. The
+ * ones that matter most all have a delay of 1 ms, so they will be
+ * handled after 2 ms at most, which is okay. In addition to this, we
+ * allow for an expiration range of 1 ms.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Delay lengths for the hrtimer event types.
+ * Keep this list sorted by delay length, in the same order as
+ * the event types indexed by enum ehci_hrtimer_event in ehci.h.
+ */
+static unsigned event_delays_ns[] = {
+};
+
+/* Enable a pending hrtimer event */
+static void ehci_enable_event(struct ehci_hcd *ehci, unsigned event,
+ bool resched)
+{
+ ktime_t *timeout = &ehci->hr_timeouts[event];
+
+ if (resched)
+ *timeout = ktime_add(ktime_get(),
+ ktime_set(0, event_delays_ns[event]));
+ ehci->enabled_hrtimer_events |= (1 << event);
+
+ /* Track only the lowest-numbered pending event */
+ if (event < ehci->next_hrtimer_event) {
+ ehci->next_hrtimer_event = event;
+ hrtimer_start_range_ns(&ehci->hrtimer, *timeout,
+ NSEC_PER_MSEC, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * Handler functions for the hrtimer event types.
+ * Keep this array in the same order as the event types indexed by
+ * enum ehci_hrtimer_event in ehci.h.
+ */
+static void (*event_handlers[])(struct ehci_hcd *) = {
+};
+
+static enum hrtimer_restart ehci_hrtimer_func(struct hrtimer *t)
+{
+ struct ehci_hcd *ehci = container_of(t, struct ehci_hcd, hrtimer);
+ ktime_t now;
+ unsigned long events;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ unsigned e;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&ehci->lock, flags);
+
+ events = ehci->enabled_hrtimer_events;
+ ehci->enabled_hrtimer_events = 0;
+ ehci->next_hrtimer_event = EHCI_HRTIMER_NO_EVENT;
+
+ /*
+ * Check each pending event. If its time has expired, handle
+ * the event; otherwise re-enable it.
+ */
+ now = ktime_get();
+ for_each_set_bit(e, &events, EHCI_HRTIMER_NUM_EVENTS) {
+ if (now.tv64 >= ehci->hr_timeouts[e].tv64)
+ event_handlers[e](ehci);
+ else
+ ehci_enable_event(ehci, e, false);
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ehci->lock, flags);
+ return HRTIMER_NORESTART;
+}