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authorAndy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>2018-07-22 11:05:09 -0700
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>2018-07-24 10:07:36 +0200
commitb3681dd548d06deb2e1573890829dff4b15abf46 (patch)
treefb25a035c22c4f15997eab8bab5104f86d7e6b50 /arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
parentd9e6dbcf28f383bf08e6a3180972f5722e514a54 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-b3681dd548d06deb2e1573890829dff4b15abf46.tar.gz
x86/entry/64: Remove %ebx handling from error_entry/exit
error_entry and error_exit communicate the user vs. kernel status of the frame using %ebx. This is unnecessary -- the information is in regs->cs. Just use regs->cs. This makes error_entry simpler and makes error_exit more robust. It also fixes a nasty bug. Before all the Spectre nonsense, the xen_failsafe_callback entry point returned like this: ALLOC_PT_GPREGS_ON_STACK SAVE_C_REGS SAVE_EXTRA_REGS ENCODE_FRAME_POINTER jmp error_exit And it did not go through error_entry. This was bogus: RBX contained garbage, and error_exit expected a flag in RBX. Fortunately, it generally contained *nonzero* garbage, so the correct code path was used. As part of the Spectre fixes, code was added to clear RBX to mitigate certain speculation attacks. Now, depending on kernel configuration, RBX got zeroed and, when running some Wine workloads, the kernel crashes. This was introduced by: commit 3ac6d8c787b8 ("x86/entry/64: Clear registers for exceptions/interrupts, to reduce speculation attack surface") With this patch applied, RBX is no longer needed as a flag, and the problem goes away. I suspect that malicious userspace could use this bug to crash the kernel even without the offending patch applied, though. [ Historical note: I wrote this patch as a cleanup before I was aware of the bug it fixed. ] [ Note to stable maintainers: this should probably get applied to all kernels. If you're nervous about that, a more conservative fix to add xorl %ebx,%ebx; incl %ebx before the jump to error_exit should also fix the problem. ] Reported-and-tested-by: M. Vefa Bicakci <m.v.b@runbox.com> Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com> Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net> Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Cc: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org Fixes: 3ac6d8c787b8 ("x86/entry/64: Clear registers for exceptions/interrupts, to reduce speculation attack surface") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/b5010a090d3586b2d6e06c7ad3ec5542d1241c45.1532282627.git.luto@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S')
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S18
1 files changed, 4 insertions, 14 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
index 73a522d53b53..8ae7ffda8f98 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
@@ -981,7 +981,7 @@ ENTRY(\sym)
call \do_sym
- jmp error_exit /* %ebx: no swapgs flag */
+ jmp error_exit
.endif
END(\sym)
.endm
@@ -1222,7 +1222,6 @@ END(paranoid_exit)
/*
* Save all registers in pt_regs, and switch GS if needed.
- * Return: EBX=0: came from user mode; EBX=1: otherwise
*/
ENTRY(error_entry)
UNWIND_HINT_FUNC
@@ -1269,7 +1268,6 @@ ENTRY(error_entry)
* for these here too.
*/
.Lerror_kernelspace:
- incl %ebx
leaq native_irq_return_iret(%rip), %rcx
cmpq %rcx, RIP+8(%rsp)
je .Lerror_bad_iret
@@ -1303,28 +1301,20 @@ ENTRY(error_entry)
/*
* Pretend that the exception came from user mode: set up pt_regs
- * as if we faulted immediately after IRET and clear EBX so that
- * error_exit knows that we will be returning to user mode.
+ * as if we faulted immediately after IRET.
*/
mov %rsp, %rdi
call fixup_bad_iret
mov %rax, %rsp
- decl %ebx
jmp .Lerror_entry_from_usermode_after_swapgs
END(error_entry)
-
-/*
- * On entry, EBX is a "return to kernel mode" flag:
- * 1: already in kernel mode, don't need SWAPGS
- * 0: user gsbase is loaded, we need SWAPGS and standard preparation for return to usermode
- */
ENTRY(error_exit)
UNWIND_HINT_REGS
DISABLE_INTERRUPTS(CLBR_ANY)
TRACE_IRQS_OFF
- testl %ebx, %ebx
- jnz retint_kernel
+ testb $3, CS(%rsp)
+ jz retint_kernel
jmp retint_user
END(error_exit)