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authorAlexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@redhat.com>2014-12-11 15:01:55 -0800
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2014-12-11 21:15:05 -0500
commit8a449718414ff10b9d5559ed3e8e09c7178774f2 (patch)
tree81097c0d6949fb90e40176ddff1f4be30467b576 /arch/alpha
parentc11a9009ae6a8c42a8cd69d885601e1aa6fbea04 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-8a449718414ff10b9d5559ed3e8e09c7178774f2.tar.gz
arch: Cleanup read_barrier_depends() and comments
This patch is meant to cleanup the handling of read_barrier_depends and smp_read_barrier_depends. In multiple spots in the kernel headers read_barrier_depends is defined as "do {} while (0)", however we then go into the SMP vs non-SMP sections and have the SMP version reference read_barrier_depends, and the non-SMP define it as yet another empty do/while. With this commit I went through and cleaned out the duplicate definitions and reduced the number of definitions down to 2 per header. In addition I moved the 50 line comments for the macro from the x86 and mips headers that defined it as an empty do/while to those that were actually defining the macro, alpha and blackfin. Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/alpha')
-rw-r--r--arch/alpha/include/asm/barrier.h51
1 files changed, 51 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/alpha/include/asm/barrier.h b/arch/alpha/include/asm/barrier.h
index 3832bdb794fe..77516c87255d 100644
--- a/arch/alpha/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/alpha/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -7,6 +7,57 @@
#define rmb() __asm__ __volatile__("mb": : :"memory")
#define wmb() __asm__ __volatile__("wmb": : :"memory")
+/**
+ * read_barrier_depends - Flush all pending reads that subsequents reads
+ * depend on.
+ *
+ * No data-dependent reads from memory-like regions are ever reordered
+ * over this barrier. All reads preceding this primitive are guaranteed
+ * to access memory (but not necessarily other CPUs' caches) before any
+ * reads following this primitive that depend on the data return by
+ * any of the preceding reads. This primitive is much lighter weight than
+ * rmb() on most CPUs, and is never heavier weight than is
+ * rmb().
+ *
+ * These ordering constraints are respected by both the local CPU
+ * and the compiler.
+ *
+ * Ordering is not guaranteed by anything other than these primitives,
+ * not even by data dependencies. See the documentation for
+ * memory_barrier() for examples and URLs to more information.
+ *
+ * For example, the following code would force ordering (the initial
+ * value of "a" is zero, "b" is one, and "p" is "&a"):
+ *
+ * <programlisting>
+ * CPU 0 CPU 1
+ *
+ * b = 2;
+ * memory_barrier();
+ * p = &b; q = p;
+ * read_barrier_depends();
+ * d = *q;
+ * </programlisting>
+ *
+ * because the read of "*q" depends on the read of "p" and these
+ * two reads are separated by a read_barrier_depends(). However,
+ * the following code, with the same initial values for "a" and "b":
+ *
+ * <programlisting>
+ * CPU 0 CPU 1
+ *
+ * a = 2;
+ * memory_barrier();
+ * b = 3; y = b;
+ * read_barrier_depends();
+ * x = a;
+ * </programlisting>
+ *
+ * does not enforce ordering, since there is no data dependency between
+ * the read of "a" and the read of "b". Therefore, on some CPUs, such
+ * as Alpha, "y" could be set to 3 and "x" to 0. Use rmb()
+ * in cases like this where there are no data dependencies.
+ */
#define read_barrier_depends() __asm__ __volatile__("mb": : :"memory")
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP