diff options
authorAaron Lu <aaron.lu@intel.com>2016-11-10 17:16:33 +0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2016-11-17 09:46:56 -0800
commit5d1904204c99596b50a700f092fe49d78edba400 (patch)
parent961b708e95181041f403251f660bc70be3ff6ba3 (diff)
mremap: fix race between mremap() and page cleanning
Prior to 3.15, there was a race between zap_pte_range() and page_mkclean() where writes to a page could be lost. Dave Hansen discovered by inspection that there is a similar race between move_ptes() and page_mkclean(). We've been able to reproduce the issue by enlarging the race window with a msleep(), but have not been able to hit it without modifying the code. So, we think it's a real issue, but is difficult or impossible to hit in practice. The zap_pte_range() issue is fixed by commit 1cf35d47712d("mm: split 'tlb_flush_mmu()' into tlb flushing and memory freeing parts"). And this patch is to fix the race between page_mkclean() and mremap(). Here is one possible way to hit the race: suppose a process mmapped a file with READ | WRITE and SHARED, it has two threads and they are bound to 2 different CPUs, e.g. CPU1 and CPU2. mmap returned X, then thread 1 did a write to addr X so that CPU1 now has a writable TLB for addr X on it. Thread 2 starts mremaping from addr X to Y while thread 1 cleaned the page and then did another write to the old addr X again. The 2nd write from thread 1 could succeed but the value will get lost. thread 1 thread 2 (bound to CPU1) (bound to CPU2) 1: write 1 to addr X to get a writeable TLB on this CPU 2: mremap starts 3: move_ptes emptied PTE for addr X and setup new PTE for addr Y and then dropped PTL for X and Y 4: page laundering for N by doing fadvise FADV_DONTNEED. When done, pageframe N is deemed clean. 5: *write 2 to addr X 6: tlb flush for addr X 7: munmap (Y, pagesize) to make the page unmapped 8: fadvise with FADV_DONTNEED again to kick the page off the pagecache 9: pread the page from file to verify the value. If 1 is there, it means we have lost the written 2. *the write may or may not cause segmentation fault, it depends on if the TLB is still on the CPU. Please note that this is only one specific way of how the race could occur, it didn't mean that the race could only occur in exact the above config, e.g. more than 2 threads could be involved and fadvise() could be done in another thread, etc. For anonymous pages, they could race between mremap() and page reclaim: THP: a huge PMD is moved by mremap to a new huge PMD, then the new huge PMD gets unmapped/splitted/pagedout before the flush tlb happened for the old huge PMD in move_page_tables() and we could still write data to it. The normal anonymous page has similar situation. To fix this, check for any dirty PTE in move_ptes()/move_huge_pmd() and if any, did the flush before dropping the PTL. If we did the flush for every move_ptes()/move_huge_pmd() call then we do not need to do the flush in move_pages_tables() for the whole range. But if we didn't, we still need to do the whole range flush. Alternatively, we can track which part of the range is flushed in move_ptes()/move_huge_pmd() and which didn't to avoid flushing the whole range in move_page_tables(). But that would require multiple tlb flushes for the different sub-ranges and should be less efficient than the single whole range flush. KBuild test on my Sandybridge desktop doesn't show any noticeable change. v4.9-rc4: real 5m14.048s user 32m19.800s sys 4m50.320s With this commit: real 5m13.888s user 32m19.330s sys 4m51.200s Reported-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Aaron Lu <aaron.lu@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 files changed, 30 insertions, 11 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/huge_mm.h b/include/linux/huge_mm.h
index 9b9f65d99873..e35e6de633b9 100644
--- a/include/linux/huge_mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/huge_mm.h
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@ extern int mincore_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
unsigned char *vec);
extern bool move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr,
unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long old_end,
- pmd_t *old_pmd, pmd_t *new_pmd);
+ pmd_t *old_pmd, pmd_t *new_pmd, bool *need_flush);
extern int change_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
unsigned long addr, pgprot_t newprot,
int prot_numa);
diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
index cdcd25cb30fe..eff3de359d50 100644
--- a/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -1426,11 +1426,12 @@ int zap_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
bool move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr,
unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long old_end,
- pmd_t *old_pmd, pmd_t *new_pmd)
+ pmd_t *old_pmd, pmd_t *new_pmd, bool *need_flush)
spinlock_t *old_ptl, *new_ptl;
pmd_t pmd;
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
+ bool force_flush = false;
if ((old_addr & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK) ||
(new_addr & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK) ||
@@ -1455,6 +1456,8 @@ bool move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr,
new_ptl = pmd_lockptr(mm, new_pmd);
if (new_ptl != old_ptl)
spin_lock_nested(new_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
+ if (pmd_present(*old_pmd) && pmd_dirty(*old_pmd))
+ force_flush = true;
pmd = pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(mm, old_addr, old_pmd);
@@ -1467,6 +1470,10 @@ bool move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr,
set_pmd_at(mm, new_addr, new_pmd, pmd_mksoft_dirty(pmd));
if (new_ptl != old_ptl)
+ if (force_flush)
+ flush_tlb_range(vma, old_addr, old_addr + PMD_SIZE);
+ else
+ *need_flush = true;
return true;
diff --git a/mm/mremap.c b/mm/mremap.c
index da22ad2a5678..6ccecc03f56a 100644
--- a/mm/mremap.c
+++ b/mm/mremap.c
@@ -104,11 +104,13 @@ static pte_t move_soft_dirty_pte(pte_t pte)
static void move_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *old_pmd,
unsigned long old_addr, unsigned long old_end,
struct vm_area_struct *new_vma, pmd_t *new_pmd,
- unsigned long new_addr, bool need_rmap_locks)
+ unsigned long new_addr, bool need_rmap_locks, bool *need_flush)
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
pte_t *old_pte, *new_pte, pte;
spinlock_t *old_ptl, *new_ptl;
+ bool force_flush = false;
+ unsigned long len = old_end - old_addr;
* When need_rmap_locks is true, we take the i_mmap_rwsem and anon_vma
@@ -146,6 +148,14 @@ static void move_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *old_pmd,
new_pte++, new_addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
if (pte_none(*old_pte))
+ /*
+ * We are remapping a dirty PTE, make sure to
+ * flush TLB before we drop the PTL for the
+ * old PTE or we may race with page_mkclean().
+ */
+ if (pte_present(*old_pte) && pte_dirty(*old_pte))
+ force_flush = true;
pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, old_addr, old_pte);
pte = move_pte(pte, new_vma->vm_page_prot, old_addr, new_addr);
pte = move_soft_dirty_pte(pte);
@@ -156,6 +166,10 @@ static void move_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *old_pmd,
if (new_ptl != old_ptl)
pte_unmap(new_pte - 1);
+ if (force_flush)
+ flush_tlb_range(vma, old_end - len, old_end);
+ else
+ *need_flush = true;
pte_unmap_unlock(old_pte - 1, old_ptl);
if (need_rmap_locks)
@@ -201,13 +215,12 @@ unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
if (need_rmap_locks)
moved = move_huge_pmd(vma, old_addr, new_addr,
- old_end, old_pmd, new_pmd);
+ old_end, old_pmd, new_pmd,
+ &need_flush);
if (need_rmap_locks)
- if (moved) {
- need_flush = true;
+ if (moved)
- }
split_huge_pmd(vma, old_pmd, old_addr);
if (pmd_trans_unstable(old_pmd))
@@ -220,11 +233,10 @@ unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
extent = next - new_addr;
if (extent > LATENCY_LIMIT)
- move_ptes(vma, old_pmd, old_addr, old_addr + extent,
- new_vma, new_pmd, new_addr, need_rmap_locks);
- need_flush = true;
+ move_ptes(vma, old_pmd, old_addr, old_addr + extent, new_vma,
+ new_pmd, new_addr, need_rmap_locks, &need_flush);
- if (likely(need_flush))
+ if (need_flush)
flush_tlb_range(vma, old_end-len, old_addr);
mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(vma->vm_mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);