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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2016-04-23 11:25:01 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2016-04-23 11:25:01 -0700
commit6527efba38a06410f19670adba8a1951f8fe3d3c (patch)
tree760861ec87730eed4eaf4f6c20a2509edbf8af87
parent68dc08b5802f606b5b50dde558533b643b6d9526 (diff)
parentc2bb9e32e2315971a8535fee77335c04a739d71d (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-6527efba38a06410f19670adba8a1951f8fe3d3c.tar.gz
Merge branch 'core-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
Pull objtool fixes from Ingo Molnar: "A handful of objtool fixes: two improvements to how warnings are printed plus a false positive warning fix, and build environment fix" * 'core-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: objtool: Fix Makefile to properly see if libelf is supported objtool: Detect falling through to the next function objtool: Add workaround for GCC switch jump table bug
-rw-r--r--Makefile3
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/Documentation/stack-validation.txt38
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/builtin-check.c97
3 files changed, 103 insertions, 35 deletions
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 873411873c03..012b7dd3ed24 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -1008,7 +1008,8 @@ prepare0: archprepare FORCE
prepare: prepare0 prepare-objtool
ifdef CONFIG_STACK_VALIDATION
- has_libelf := $(shell echo "int main() {}" | $(HOSTCC) -xc -o /dev/null -lelf - &> /dev/null && echo 1 || echo 0)
+ has_libelf := $(call try-run,\
+ echo "int main() {}" | $(HOSTCC) -xc -o /dev/null -lelf -,1,0)
ifeq ($(has_libelf),1)
objtool_target := tools/objtool FORCE
else
diff --git a/tools/objtool/Documentation/stack-validation.txt b/tools/objtool/Documentation/stack-validation.txt
index 5a95896105bc..55a60d331f47 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/Documentation/stack-validation.txt
+++ b/tools/objtool/Documentation/stack-validation.txt
@@ -299,18 +299,38 @@ they mean, and suggestions for how to fix them.
Errors in .c files
------------------
-If you're getting an objtool error in a compiled .c file, chances are
-the file uses an asm() statement which has a "call" instruction. An
-asm() statement with a call instruction must declare the use of the
-stack pointer in its output operand. For example, on x86_64:
+1. c_file.o: warning: objtool: funcA() falls through to next function funcB()
- register void *__sp asm("rsp");
- asm volatile("call func" : "+r" (__sp));
+ This means that funcA() doesn't end with a return instruction or an
+ unconditional jump, and that objtool has determined that the function
+ can fall through into the next function. There could be different
+ reasons for this:
-Otherwise the stack frame may not get created before the call.
+ 1) funcA()'s last instruction is a call to a "noreturn" function like
+ panic(). In this case the noreturn function needs to be added to
+ objtool's hard-coded global_noreturns array. Feel free to bug the
+ objtool maintainer, or you can submit a patch.
-Another possible cause for errors in C code is if the Makefile removes
--fno-omit-frame-pointer or adds -fomit-frame-pointer to the gcc options.
+ 2) funcA() uses the unreachable() annotation in a section of code
+ that is actually reachable.
+
+ 3) If funcA() calls an inline function, the object code for funcA()
+ might be corrupt due to a gcc bug. For more details, see:
+ https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=70646
+
+2. If you're getting any other objtool error in a compiled .c file, it
+ may be because the file uses an asm() statement which has a "call"
+ instruction. An asm() statement with a call instruction must declare
+ the use of the stack pointer in its output operand. For example, on
+ x86_64:
+
+ register void *__sp asm("rsp");
+ asm volatile("call func" : "+r" (__sp));
+
+ Otherwise the stack frame may not get created before the call.
+
+3. Another possible cause for errors in C code is if the Makefile removes
+ -fno-omit-frame-pointer or adds -fomit-frame-pointer to the gcc options.
Also see the above section for .S file errors for more information what
the individual error messages mean.
diff --git a/tools/objtool/builtin-check.c b/tools/objtool/builtin-check.c
index 7515cb2e879a..e8a1e69eb92c 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/builtin-check.c
+++ b/tools/objtool/builtin-check.c
@@ -54,6 +54,7 @@ struct instruction {
struct symbol *call_dest;
struct instruction *jump_dest;
struct list_head alts;
+ struct symbol *func;
};
struct alternative {
@@ -66,6 +67,7 @@ struct objtool_file {
struct list_head insn_list;
DECLARE_HASHTABLE(insn_hash, 16);
struct section *rodata, *whitelist;
+ bool ignore_unreachables, c_file;
};
const char *objname;
@@ -228,7 +230,7 @@ static int __dead_end_function(struct objtool_file *file, struct symbol *func,
}
}
- if (insn->type == INSN_JUMP_DYNAMIC)
+ if (insn->type == INSN_JUMP_DYNAMIC && list_empty(&insn->alts))
/* sibling call */
return 0;
}
@@ -248,6 +250,7 @@ static int dead_end_function(struct objtool_file *file, struct symbol *func)
static int decode_instructions(struct objtool_file *file)
{
struct section *sec;
+ struct symbol *func;
unsigned long offset;
struct instruction *insn;
int ret;
@@ -281,6 +284,21 @@ static int decode_instructions(struct objtool_file *file)
hash_add(file->insn_hash, &insn->hash, insn->offset);
list_add_tail(&insn->list, &file->insn_list);
}
+
+ list_for_each_entry(func, &sec->symbol_list, list) {
+ if (func->type != STT_FUNC)
+ continue;
+
+ if (!find_insn(file, sec, func->offset)) {
+ WARN("%s(): can't find starting instruction",
+ func->name);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ func_for_each_insn(file, func, insn)
+ if (!insn->func)
+ insn->func = func;
+ }
}
return 0;
@@ -664,13 +682,40 @@ static int add_func_switch_tables(struct objtool_file *file,
text_rela->addend);
/*
- * TODO: Document where this is needed, or get rid of it.
- *
* rare case: jmpq *[addr](%rip)
+ *
+ * This check is for a rare gcc quirk, currently only seen in
+ * three driver functions in the kernel, only with certain
+ * obscure non-distro configs.
+ *
+ * As part of an optimization, gcc makes a copy of an existing
+ * switch jump table, modifies it, and then hard-codes the jump
+ * (albeit with an indirect jump) to use a single entry in the
+ * table. The rest of the jump table and some of its jump
+ * targets remain as dead code.
+ *
+ * In such a case we can just crudely ignore all unreachable
+ * instruction warnings for the entire object file. Ideally we
+ * would just ignore them for the function, but that would
+ * require redesigning the code quite a bit. And honestly
+ * that's just not worth doing: unreachable instruction
+ * warnings are of questionable value anyway, and this is such
+ * a rare issue.
+ *
+ * kbuild reports:
+ * - https://lkml.kernel.org/r/201603231906.LWcVUpxm%25fengguang.wu@intel.com
+ * - https://lkml.kernel.org/r/201603271114.K9i45biy%25fengguang.wu@intel.com
+ * - https://lkml.kernel.org/r/201603291058.zuJ6ben1%25fengguang.wu@intel.com
+ *
+ * gcc bug:
+ * - https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=70604
*/
- if (!rodata_rela)
+ if (!rodata_rela) {
rodata_rela = find_rela_by_dest(file->rodata,
text_rela->addend + 4);
+ if (rodata_rela)
+ file->ignore_unreachables = true;
+ }
if (!rodata_rela)
continue;
@@ -732,9 +777,6 @@ static int decode_sections(struct objtool_file *file)
{
int ret;
- file->whitelist = find_section_by_name(file->elf, "__func_stack_frame_non_standard");
- file->rodata = find_section_by_name(file->elf, ".rodata");
-
ret = decode_instructions(file);
if (ret)
return ret;
@@ -799,6 +841,7 @@ static int validate_branch(struct objtool_file *file,
struct alternative *alt;
struct instruction *insn;
struct section *sec;
+ struct symbol *func = NULL;
unsigned char state;
int ret;
@@ -813,6 +856,16 @@ static int validate_branch(struct objtool_file *file,
}
while (1) {
+ if (file->c_file && insn->func) {
+ if (func && func != insn->func) {
+ WARN("%s() falls through to next function %s()",
+ func->name, insn->func->name);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ func = insn->func;
+ }
+
if (insn->visited) {
if (frame_state(insn->state) != frame_state(state)) {
WARN_FUNC("frame pointer state mismatch",
@@ -823,13 +876,6 @@ static int validate_branch(struct objtool_file *file,
return 0;
}
- /*
- * Catch a rare case where a noreturn function falls through to
- * the next function.
- */
- if (is_fentry_call(insn) && (state & STATE_FENTRY))
- return 0;
-
insn->visited = true;
insn->state = state;
@@ -1035,12 +1081,8 @@ static int validate_functions(struct objtool_file *file)
continue;
insn = find_insn(file, sec, func->offset);
- if (!insn) {
- WARN("%s(): can't find starting instruction",
- func->name);
- warnings++;
+ if (!insn)
continue;
- }
ret = validate_branch(file, insn, 0);
warnings += ret;
@@ -1056,13 +1098,14 @@ static int validate_functions(struct objtool_file *file)
if (insn->visited)
continue;
- if (!ignore_unreachable_insn(func, insn) &&
- !warnings) {
- WARN_FUNC("function has unreachable instruction", insn->sec, insn->offset);
- warnings++;
- }
-
insn->visited = true;
+
+ if (file->ignore_unreachables || warnings ||
+ ignore_unreachable_insn(func, insn))
+ continue;
+
+ WARN_FUNC("function has unreachable instruction", insn->sec, insn->offset);
+ warnings++;
}
}
}
@@ -1133,6 +1176,10 @@ int cmd_check(int argc, const char **argv)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&file.insn_list);
hash_init(file.insn_hash);
+ file.whitelist = find_section_by_name(file.elf, "__func_stack_frame_non_standard");
+ file.rodata = find_section_by_name(file.elf, ".rodata");
+ file.ignore_unreachables = false;
+ file.c_file = find_section_by_name(file.elf, ".comment");
ret = decode_sections(&file);
if (ret < 0)