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authorAlan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>2012-07-11 11:22:35 -0400
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2012-07-16 16:54:25 -0700
commit55934eb3b9fa52eb53b9d7342267fc73c38206aa (patch)
tree66666fa4f08121a53152cb956a6ef36026edc057
parentbf6387bcd16975ba8952b094f262a359d74e1c8a (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-55934eb3b9fa52eb53b9d7342267fc73c38206aa.tar.gz
USB: EHCI: use hrtimer for (s)iTD deallocation
This patch (as1579) adds an hrtimer event to handle deallocation of iTDs and siTDs in ehci-hcd. Because of the frame-oriented approach used by the EHCI periodic schedule, the hardware can continue to access the Transfer Descriptor for isochronous (or split-isochronous) transactions for up to a millisecond after the transaction completes. The iTD (or siTD) must not be reused before then. The strategy currently used involves putting completed iTDs on a list of cached entries and every so often returning them to the endpoint's free list. The new strategy reduces overhead by putting completed iTDs back on the free list immediately, although they are not reused until it is safe to do so. When the isochronous endpoint stops (its queue becomes empty), the iTDs on its free list get moved to a global list, from which they will be deallocated after a minimum of 2 ms. This delay is what the new hrtimer event is for. Overall this may not be a tremendous improvement over the current code, but to me it seems a lot more clear and logical. In addition, it removes the need for each iTD to keep a reference to the ehci_iso_stream it belongs to, since the iTD never needs to be moved back to the stream's free list from the global list. Signed-off-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
-rw-r--r--drivers/usb/host/ehci-hcd.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/usb/host/ehci-hub.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/usb/host/ehci-mem.c1
-rw-r--r--drivers/usb/host/ehci-sched.c137
-rw-r--r--drivers/usb/host/ehci-timer.c50
-rw-r--r--drivers/usb/host/ehci.h5
6 files changed, 90 insertions, 105 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/usb/host/ehci-hcd.c b/drivers/usb/host/ehci-hcd.c
index 1676c66b8530..98b945840c9e 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/host/ehci-hcd.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/host/ehci-hcd.c
@@ -509,6 +509,7 @@ static void ehci_stop (struct usb_hcd *hcd)
spin_lock_irq (&ehci->lock);
if (ehci->async)
ehci_work (ehci);
+ end_free_itds(ehci);
spin_unlock_irq (&ehci->lock);
ehci_mem_cleanup (ehci);
diff --git a/drivers/usb/host/ehci-hub.c b/drivers/usb/host/ehci-hub.c
index 8aa740dc510d..6ad806bbe468 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/host/ehci-hub.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/host/ehci-hub.c
@@ -303,6 +303,7 @@ static int ehci_bus_suspend (struct usb_hcd *hcd)
if (ehci->async_unlink)
end_unlink_async(ehci);
ehci_handle_intr_unlinks(ehci);
+ end_free_itds(ehci);
/* allow remote wakeup */
mask = INTR_MASK;
diff --git a/drivers/usb/host/ehci-mem.c b/drivers/usb/host/ehci-mem.c
index 93132d8ad360..ef2c3a1eca4b 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/host/ehci-mem.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/host/ehci-mem.c
@@ -118,7 +118,6 @@ fail:
static void ehci_mem_cleanup (struct ehci_hcd *ehci)
{
- free_cached_lists(ehci);
if (ehci->async)
qh_destroy(ehci, ehci->async);
ehci->async = NULL;
diff --git a/drivers/usb/host/ehci-sched.c b/drivers/usb/host/ehci-sched.c
index eec8446f8ded..1e4f13c11b6a 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/host/ehci-sched.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/host/ehci-sched.c
@@ -1045,31 +1045,6 @@ iso_stream_put(struct ehci_hcd *ehci, struct ehci_iso_stream *stream)
if (stream->refcount == 1) {
// BUG_ON (!list_empty(&stream->td_list));
- while (!list_empty (&stream->free_list)) {
- struct list_head *entry;
-
- entry = stream->free_list.next;
- list_del (entry);
-
- /* knows about ITD vs SITD */
- if (stream->highspeed) {
- struct ehci_itd *itd;
-
- itd = list_entry (entry, struct ehci_itd,
- itd_list);
- dma_pool_free (ehci->itd_pool, itd,
- itd->itd_dma);
- } else {
- struct ehci_sitd *sitd;
-
- sitd = list_entry (entry, struct ehci_sitd,
- sitd_list);
- dma_pool_free (ehci->sitd_pool, sitd,
- sitd->sitd_dma);
- }
- }
-
- stream->bEndpointAddress &= 0x0f;
if (stream->ep)
stream->ep->hcpriv = NULL;
@@ -1230,17 +1205,19 @@ itd_urb_transaction (
spin_lock_irqsave (&ehci->lock, flags);
for (i = 0; i < num_itds; i++) {
- /* free_list.next might be cache-hot ... but maybe
- * the HC caches it too. avoid that issue for now.
+ /*
+ * Use iTDs from the free list, but not iTDs that may
+ * still be in use by the hardware.
*/
-
- /* prefer previously-allocated itds */
- if (likely (!list_empty(&stream->free_list))) {
- itd = list_entry (stream->free_list.prev,
+ if (likely(!list_empty(&stream->free_list))) {
+ itd = list_first_entry(&stream->free_list,
struct ehci_itd, itd_list);
+ if (itd->frame == ehci->clock_frame)
+ goto alloc_itd;
list_del (&itd->itd_list);
itd_dma = itd->itd_dma;
} else {
+ alloc_itd:
spin_unlock_irqrestore (&ehci->lock, flags);
itd = dma_pool_alloc (ehci->itd_pool, mem_flags,
&itd_dma);
@@ -1762,24 +1739,18 @@ itd_complete (
done:
itd->urb = NULL;
- if (ehci->clock_frame != itd->frame || itd->index[7] != -1) {
- /* OK to recycle this ITD now. */
- itd->stream = NULL;
- list_move(&itd->itd_list, &stream->free_list);
- iso_stream_put(ehci, stream);
- } else {
- /* HW might remember this ITD, so we can't recycle it yet.
- * Move it to a safe place until a new frame starts.
- */
- list_move(&itd->itd_list, &ehci->cached_itd_list);
- if (stream->refcount == 2) {
- /* If iso_stream_put() were called here, stream
- * would be freed. Instead, just prevent reuse.
- */
- stream->ep->hcpriv = NULL;
- stream->ep = NULL;
- }
+
+ /* Add to the end of the free list for later reuse */
+ list_move_tail(&itd->itd_list, &stream->free_list);
+
+ /* Recycle the iTDs when the pipeline is empty (ep no longer in use) */
+ if (list_empty(&stream->td_list)) {
+ list_splice_tail_init(&stream->free_list,
+ &ehci->cached_itd_list);
+ start_free_itds(ehci);
}
+
+ iso_stream_put(ehci, stream);
return retval;
}
@@ -1930,17 +1901,19 @@ sitd_urb_transaction (
* means we never need two sitds for full speed packets.
*/
- /* free_list.next might be cache-hot ... but maybe
- * the HC caches it too. avoid that issue for now.
+ /*
+ * Use siTDs from the free list, but not siTDs that may
+ * still be in use by the hardware.
*/
-
- /* prefer previously-allocated sitds */
- if (!list_empty(&stream->free_list)) {
- sitd = list_entry (stream->free_list.prev,
+ if (likely(!list_empty(&stream->free_list))) {
+ sitd = list_first_entry(&stream->free_list,
struct ehci_sitd, sitd_list);
+ if (sitd->frame == ehci->clock_frame)
+ goto alloc_sitd;
list_del (&sitd->sitd_list);
sitd_dma = sitd->sitd_dma;
} else {
+ alloc_sitd:
spin_unlock_irqrestore (&ehci->lock, flags);
sitd = dma_pool_alloc (ehci->sitd_pool, mem_flags,
&sitd_dma);
@@ -2157,24 +2130,18 @@ sitd_complete (
done:
sitd->urb = NULL;
- if (ehci->clock_frame != sitd->frame) {
- /* OK to recycle this SITD now. */
- sitd->stream = NULL;
- list_move(&sitd->sitd_list, &stream->free_list);
- iso_stream_put(ehci, stream);
- } else {
- /* HW might remember this SITD, so we can't recycle it yet.
- * Move it to a safe place until a new frame starts.
- */
- list_move(&sitd->sitd_list, &ehci->cached_sitd_list);
- if (stream->refcount == 2) {
- /* If iso_stream_put() were called here, stream
- * would be freed. Instead, just prevent reuse.
- */
- stream->ep->hcpriv = NULL;
- stream->ep = NULL;
- }
+
+ /* Add to the end of the free list for later reuse */
+ list_move_tail(&sitd->sitd_list, &stream->free_list);
+
+ /* Recycle the siTDs when the pipeline is empty (ep no longer in use) */
+ if (list_empty(&stream->td_list)) {
+ list_splice_tail_init(&stream->free_list,
+ &ehci->cached_sitd_list);
+ start_free_itds(ehci);
}
+
+ iso_stream_put(ehci, stream);
return retval;
}
@@ -2239,28 +2206,6 @@ done:
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
-static void free_cached_lists(struct ehci_hcd *ehci)
-{
- struct ehci_itd *itd, *n;
- struct ehci_sitd *sitd, *sn;
-
- list_for_each_entry_safe(itd, n, &ehci->cached_itd_list, itd_list) {
- struct ehci_iso_stream *stream = itd->stream;
- itd->stream = NULL;
- list_move(&itd->itd_list, &stream->free_list);
- iso_stream_put(ehci, stream);
- }
-
- list_for_each_entry_safe(sitd, sn, &ehci->cached_sitd_list, sitd_list) {
- struct ehci_iso_stream *stream = sitd->stream;
- sitd->stream = NULL;
- list_move(&sitd->sitd_list, &stream->free_list);
- iso_stream_put(ehci, stream);
- }
-}
-
-/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
-
static void
scan_periodic (struct ehci_hcd *ehci)
{
@@ -2282,10 +2227,7 @@ scan_periodic (struct ehci_hcd *ehci)
clock = now_uframe + mod - 1;
clock_frame = -1;
}
- if (ehci->clock_frame != clock_frame) {
- free_cached_lists(ehci);
- ehci->clock_frame = clock_frame;
- }
+ ehci->clock_frame = clock_frame;
clock &= mod - 1;
clock_frame = clock >> 3;
++ehci->periodic_stamp;
@@ -2463,7 +2405,6 @@ restart:
clock = now;
clock_frame = clock >> 3;
if (ehci->clock_frame != clock_frame) {
- free_cached_lists(ehci);
ehci->clock_frame = clock_frame;
++ehci->periodic_stamp;
}
diff --git a/drivers/usb/host/ehci-timer.c b/drivers/usb/host/ehci-timer.c
index 0c5326a8883c..8feb60ff4228 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/host/ehci-timer.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/host/ehci-timer.c
@@ -71,6 +71,7 @@ static unsigned event_delays_ns[] = {
1 * NSEC_PER_MSEC, /* EHCI_HRTIMER_POLL_PSS */
1 * NSEC_PER_MSEC, /* EHCI_HRTIMER_POLL_DEAD */
1125 * NSEC_PER_USEC, /* EHCI_HRTIMER_UNLINK_INTR */
+ 2 * NSEC_PER_MSEC, /* EHCI_HRTIMER_FREE_ITDS */
10 * NSEC_PER_MSEC, /* EHCI_HRTIMER_DISABLE_PERIODIC */
15 * NSEC_PER_MSEC, /* EHCI_HRTIMER_DISABLE_ASYNC */
};
@@ -165,7 +166,6 @@ static void ehci_poll_PSS(struct ehci_hcd *ehci)
/* The status is up-to-date; restart or stop the schedule as needed */
if (want == 0) { /* Stopped */
- free_cached_lists(ehci);
if (ehci->periodic_count > 0) {
/* make sure ehci_work scans these */
@@ -188,9 +188,6 @@ static void ehci_poll_PSS(struct ehci_hcd *ehci)
static void ehci_disable_PSE(struct ehci_hcd *ehci)
{
ehci_clear_command_bit(ehci, CMD_PSE);
-
- /* Poll to see when it actually stops */
- ehci_enable_event(ehci, EHCI_HRTIMER_POLL_PSS, true);
}
@@ -250,6 +247,50 @@ static void ehci_handle_intr_unlinks(struct ehci_hcd *ehci)
}
+/* Start another free-iTDs/siTDs cycle */
+static void start_free_itds(struct ehci_hcd *ehci)
+{
+ if (!(ehci->enabled_hrtimer_events & BIT(EHCI_HRTIMER_FREE_ITDS))) {
+ ehci->last_itd_to_free = list_entry(
+ ehci->cached_itd_list.prev,
+ struct ehci_itd, itd_list);
+ ehci->last_sitd_to_free = list_entry(
+ ehci->cached_sitd_list.prev,
+ struct ehci_sitd, sitd_list);
+ ehci_enable_event(ehci, EHCI_HRTIMER_FREE_ITDS, true);
+ }
+}
+
+/* Wait for controller to stop using old iTDs and siTDs */
+static void end_free_itds(struct ehci_hcd *ehci)
+{
+ struct ehci_itd *itd, *n;
+ struct ehci_sitd *sitd, *sn;
+
+ if (ehci->rh_state < EHCI_RH_RUNNING) {
+ ehci->last_itd_to_free = NULL;
+ ehci->last_sitd_to_free = NULL;
+ }
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(itd, n, &ehci->cached_itd_list, itd_list) {
+ list_del(&itd->itd_list);
+ dma_pool_free(ehci->itd_pool, itd, itd->itd_dma);
+ if (itd == ehci->last_itd_to_free)
+ break;
+ }
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(sitd, sn, &ehci->cached_sitd_list, sitd_list) {
+ list_del(&sitd->sitd_list);
+ dma_pool_free(ehci->sitd_pool, sitd, sitd->sitd_dma);
+ if (sitd == ehci->last_sitd_to_free)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (!list_empty(&ehci->cached_itd_list) ||
+ !list_empty(&ehci->cached_sitd_list))
+ start_free_itds(ehci);
+}
+
+
/*
* Handler functions for the hrtimer event types.
* Keep this array in the same order as the event types indexed by
@@ -260,6 +301,7 @@ static void (*event_handlers[])(struct ehci_hcd *) = {
ehci_poll_PSS, /* EHCI_HRTIMER_POLL_PSS */
ehci_handle_controller_death, /* EHCI_HRTIMER_POLL_DEAD */
ehci_handle_intr_unlinks, /* EHCI_HRTIMER_UNLINK_INTR */
+ end_free_itds, /* EHCI_HRTIMER_FREE_ITDS */
ehci_disable_PSE, /* EHCI_HRTIMER_DISABLE_PERIODIC */
ehci_disable_ASE, /* EHCI_HRTIMER_DISABLE_ASYNC */
};
diff --git a/drivers/usb/host/ehci.h b/drivers/usb/host/ehci.h
index 6874d89b0b64..bcfbb175e2b4 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/host/ehci.h
+++ b/drivers/usb/host/ehci.h
@@ -83,6 +83,7 @@ enum ehci_hrtimer_event {
EHCI_HRTIMER_POLL_PSS, /* Poll for periodic schedule off */
EHCI_HRTIMER_POLL_DEAD, /* Wait for dead controller to stop */
EHCI_HRTIMER_UNLINK_INTR, /* Wait for interrupt QH unlink */
+ EHCI_HRTIMER_FREE_ITDS, /* Wait for unused iTDs and siTDs */
EHCI_HRTIMER_DISABLE_PERIODIC, /* Wait to disable periodic sched */
EHCI_HRTIMER_DISABLE_ASYNC, /* Wait to disable async sched */
EHCI_HRTIMER_NUM_EVENTS /* Must come last */
@@ -139,7 +140,9 @@ struct ehci_hcd { /* one per controller */
/* list of itds & sitds completed while clock_frame was still active */
struct list_head cached_itd_list;
+ struct ehci_itd *last_itd_to_free;
struct list_head cached_sitd_list;
+ struct ehci_sitd *last_sitd_to_free;
unsigned clock_frame;
/* per root hub port */
@@ -250,8 +253,6 @@ timer_action_done (struct ehci_hcd *ehci, enum ehci_timer_action action)
clear_bit (action, &ehci->actions);
}
-static void free_cached_lists(struct ehci_hcd *ehci);
-
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
#include <linux/usb/ehci_def.h>