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authorYouquan Song <youquan.song@intel.com>2011-05-25 19:13:49 +0100
committerDavid Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>2011-06-01 12:26:35 +0100
commit6dd9a7c73761a8a5f5475d5cfdc15368a0f4c06d (patch)
treecb685e370cc1cb2dec39b29500bdd22fd1814596
parent7b668357810ecb5fdda4418689d50f5d95aea6a8 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-6dd9a7c73761a8a5f5475d5cfdc15368a0f4c06d.tar.gz
intel-iommu: Enable super page (2MiB, 1GiB, etc.) support
There are no externally-visible changes with this. In the loop in the internal __domain_mapping() function, we simply detect if we are mapping: - size >= 2MiB, and - virtual address aligned to 2MiB, and - physical address aligned to 2MiB, and - on hardware that supports superpages. (and likewise for larger superpages). We automatically use a superpage for such mappings. We never have to worry about *breaking* superpages, since we trust that we will always *unmap* the same range that was mapped. So all we need to do is ensure that dma_pte_clear_range() will also cope with superpages. Adjust pfn_to_dma_pte() to take a superpage 'level' as an argument, so it can return a PTE at the appropriate level rather than always extending the page tables all the way down to level 1. Again, this is simplified by the fact that we should never encounter existing small pages when we're creating a mapping; any old mapping that used the same virtual range will have been entirely removed and its obsolete page tables freed. Provide an 'intel_iommu=sp_off' argument on the command line as a chicken bit. Not that it should ever be required. == The original commit seen in the iommu-2.6.git was Youquan's implementation (and completion) of my own half-baked code which I'd typed into an email. Followed by half a dozen subsequent 'fixes'. I've taken the unusual step of rewriting history and collapsing the original commits in order to keep the main history simpler, and make life easier for the people who are going to have to backport this to older kernels. And also so I can give it a more coherent commit comment which (hopefully) gives a better explanation of what's going on. The original sequence of commits leading to identical code was: Youquan Song (3): intel-iommu: super page support intel-iommu: Fix superpage alignment calculation error intel-iommu: Fix superpage level calculation error in dma_pfn_level_pte() David Woodhouse (4): intel-iommu: Precalculate superpage support for dmar_domain intel-iommu: Fix hardware_largepage_caps() intel-iommu: Fix inappropriate use of superpages in __domain_mapping() intel-iommu: Fix phys_pfn in __domain_mapping for sglist pages Signed-off-by: Youquan Song <youquan.song@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt5
-rw-r--r--drivers/pci/intel-iommu.c157
-rw-r--r--include/linux/dma_remapping.h4
3 files changed, 147 insertions, 19 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index cc85a9278190..d005487c1a22 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -999,7 +999,10 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
With this option on every unmap_single operation will
result in a hardware IOTLB flush operation as opposed
to batching them for performance.
-
+ sp_off [Default Off]
+ By default, super page will be supported if Intel IOMMU
+ has the capability. With this option, super page will
+ not be supported.
intremap= [X86-64, Intel-IOMMU]
Format: { on (default) | off | nosid }
on enable Interrupt Remapping (default)
diff --git a/drivers/pci/intel-iommu.c b/drivers/pci/intel-iommu.c
index 395f253c0494..e6fe1994f9d3 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/intel-iommu.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/intel-iommu.c
@@ -115,6 +115,11 @@ static inline unsigned long align_to_level(unsigned long pfn, int level)
return (pfn + level_size(level) - 1) & level_mask(level);
}
+static inline unsigned long lvl_to_nr_pages(unsigned int lvl)
+{
+ return 1 << ((lvl - 1) * LEVEL_STRIDE);
+}
+
/* VT-d pages must always be _smaller_ than MM pages. Otherwise things
are never going to work. */
static inline unsigned long dma_to_mm_pfn(unsigned long dma_pfn)
@@ -343,6 +348,9 @@ struct dmar_domain {
int iommu_coherency;/* indicate coherency of iommu access */
int iommu_snooping; /* indicate snooping control feature*/
int iommu_count; /* reference count of iommu */
+ int iommu_superpage;/* Level of superpages supported:
+ 0 == 4KiB (no superpages), 1 == 2MiB,
+ 2 == 1GiB, 3 == 512GiB, 4 == 1TiB */
spinlock_t iommu_lock; /* protect iommu set in domain */
u64 max_addr; /* maximum mapped address */
};
@@ -392,6 +400,7 @@ int dmar_disabled = 1;
static int dmar_map_gfx = 1;
static int dmar_forcedac;
static int intel_iommu_strict;
+static int intel_iommu_superpage = 1;
#define DUMMY_DEVICE_DOMAIN_INFO ((struct device_domain_info *)(-1))
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(device_domain_lock);
@@ -422,6 +431,10 @@ static int __init intel_iommu_setup(char *str)
printk(KERN_INFO
"Intel-IOMMU: disable batched IOTLB flush\n");
intel_iommu_strict = 1;
+ } else if (!strncmp(str, "sp_off", 6)) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO
+ "Intel-IOMMU: disable supported super page\n");
+ intel_iommu_superpage = 0;
}
str += strcspn(str, ",");
@@ -560,11 +573,32 @@ static void domain_update_iommu_snooping(struct dmar_domain *domain)
}
}
+static void domain_update_iommu_superpage(struct dmar_domain *domain)
+{
+ int i, mask = 0xf;
+
+ if (!intel_iommu_superpage) {
+ domain->iommu_superpage = 0;
+ return;
+ }
+
+ domain->iommu_superpage = 4; /* 1TiB */
+
+ for_each_set_bit(i, &domain->iommu_bmp, g_num_of_iommus) {
+ mask |= cap_super_page_val(g_iommus[i]->cap);
+ if (!mask) {
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ domain->iommu_superpage = fls(mask);
+}
+
/* Some capabilities may be different across iommus */
static void domain_update_iommu_cap(struct dmar_domain *domain)
{
domain_update_iommu_coherency(domain);
domain_update_iommu_snooping(domain);
+ domain_update_iommu_superpage(domain);
}
static struct intel_iommu *device_to_iommu(int segment, u8 bus, u8 devfn)
@@ -694,23 +728,31 @@ out:
}
static struct dma_pte *pfn_to_dma_pte(struct dmar_domain *domain,
- unsigned long pfn)
+ unsigned long pfn, int large_level)
{
int addr_width = agaw_to_width(domain->agaw) - VTD_PAGE_SHIFT;
struct dma_pte *parent, *pte = NULL;
int level = agaw_to_level(domain->agaw);
- int offset;
+ int offset, target_level;
BUG_ON(!domain->pgd);
BUG_ON(addr_width < BITS_PER_LONG && pfn >> addr_width);
parent = domain->pgd;
+ /* Search pte */
+ if (!large_level)
+ target_level = 1;
+ else
+ target_level = large_level;
+
while (level > 0) {
void *tmp_page;
offset = pfn_level_offset(pfn, level);
pte = &parent[offset];
- if (level == 1)
+ if (!large_level && (pte->val & DMA_PTE_LARGE_PAGE))
+ break;
+ if (level == target_level)
break;
if (!dma_pte_present(pte)) {
@@ -738,10 +780,11 @@ static struct dma_pte *pfn_to_dma_pte(struct dmar_domain *domain,
return pte;
}
+
/* return address's pte at specific level */
static struct dma_pte *dma_pfn_level_pte(struct dmar_domain *domain,
unsigned long pfn,
- int level)
+ int level, int *large_page)
{
struct dma_pte *parent, *pte = NULL;
int total = agaw_to_level(domain->agaw);
@@ -754,8 +797,16 @@ static struct dma_pte *dma_pfn_level_pte(struct dmar_domain *domain,
if (level == total)
return pte;
- if (!dma_pte_present(pte))
+ if (!dma_pte_present(pte)) {
+ *large_page = total;
break;
+ }
+
+ if (pte->val & DMA_PTE_LARGE_PAGE) {
+ *large_page = total;
+ return pte;
+ }
+
parent = phys_to_virt(dma_pte_addr(pte));
total--;
}
@@ -768,6 +819,7 @@ static void dma_pte_clear_range(struct dmar_domain *domain,
unsigned long last_pfn)
{
int addr_width = agaw_to_width(domain->agaw) - VTD_PAGE_SHIFT;
+ unsigned int large_page = 1;
struct dma_pte *first_pte, *pte;
BUG_ON(addr_width < BITS_PER_LONG && start_pfn >> addr_width);
@@ -776,14 +828,15 @@ static void dma_pte_clear_range(struct dmar_domain *domain,
/* we don't need lock here; nobody else touches the iova range */
do {
- first_pte = pte = dma_pfn_level_pte(domain, start_pfn, 1);
+ large_page = 1;
+ first_pte = pte = dma_pfn_level_pte(domain, start_pfn, 1, &large_page);
if (!pte) {
- start_pfn = align_to_level(start_pfn + 1, 2);
+ start_pfn = align_to_level(start_pfn + 1, large_page + 1);
continue;
}
- do {
+ do {
dma_clear_pte(pte);
- start_pfn++;
+ start_pfn += lvl_to_nr_pages(large_page);
pte++;
} while (start_pfn <= last_pfn && !first_pte_in_page(pte));
@@ -803,6 +856,7 @@ static void dma_pte_free_pagetable(struct dmar_domain *domain,
int total = agaw_to_level(domain->agaw);
int level;
unsigned long tmp;
+ int large_page = 2;
BUG_ON(addr_width < BITS_PER_LONG && start_pfn >> addr_width);
BUG_ON(addr_width < BITS_PER_LONG && last_pfn >> addr_width);
@@ -818,7 +872,10 @@ static void dma_pte_free_pagetable(struct dmar_domain *domain,
return;
do {
- first_pte = pte = dma_pfn_level_pte(domain, tmp, level);
+ large_page = level;
+ first_pte = pte = dma_pfn_level_pte(domain, tmp, level, &large_page);
+ if (large_page > level)
+ level = large_page + 1;
if (!pte) {
tmp = align_to_level(tmp + 1, level + 1);
continue;
@@ -1402,6 +1459,7 @@ static int domain_init(struct dmar_domain *domain, int guest_width)
else
domain->iommu_snooping = 0;
+ domain->iommu_superpage = fls(cap_super_page_val(iommu->cap));
domain->iommu_count = 1;
domain->nid = iommu->node;
@@ -1657,6 +1715,34 @@ static inline unsigned long aligned_nrpages(unsigned long host_addr,
return PAGE_ALIGN(host_addr + size) >> VTD_PAGE_SHIFT;
}
+/* Return largest possible superpage level for a given mapping */
+static inline int hardware_largepage_caps(struct dmar_domain *domain,
+ unsigned long iov_pfn,
+ unsigned long phy_pfn,
+ unsigned long pages)
+{
+ int support, level = 1;
+ unsigned long pfnmerge;
+
+ support = domain->iommu_superpage;
+
+ /* To use a large page, the virtual *and* physical addresses
+ must be aligned to 2MiB/1GiB/etc. Lower bits set in either
+ of them will mean we have to use smaller pages. So just
+ merge them and check both at once. */
+ pfnmerge = iov_pfn | phy_pfn;
+
+ while (support && !(pfnmerge & ~VTD_STRIDE_MASK)) {
+ pages >>= VTD_STRIDE_SHIFT;
+ if (!pages)
+ break;
+ pfnmerge >>= VTD_STRIDE_SHIFT;
+ level++;
+ support--;
+ }
+ return level;
+}
+
static int __domain_mapping(struct dmar_domain *domain, unsigned long iov_pfn,
struct scatterlist *sg, unsigned long phys_pfn,
unsigned long nr_pages, int prot)
@@ -1665,6 +1751,8 @@ static int __domain_mapping(struct dmar_domain *domain, unsigned long iov_pfn,
phys_addr_t uninitialized_var(pteval);
int addr_width = agaw_to_width(domain->agaw) - VTD_PAGE_SHIFT;
unsigned long sg_res;
+ unsigned int largepage_lvl = 0;
+ unsigned long lvl_pages = 0;
BUG_ON(addr_width < BITS_PER_LONG && (iov_pfn + nr_pages - 1) >> addr_width);
@@ -1680,7 +1768,7 @@ static int __domain_mapping(struct dmar_domain *domain, unsigned long iov_pfn,
pteval = ((phys_addr_t)phys_pfn << VTD_PAGE_SHIFT) | prot;
}
- while (nr_pages--) {
+ while (nr_pages > 0) {
uint64_t tmp;
if (!sg_res) {
@@ -1688,11 +1776,21 @@ static int __domain_mapping(struct dmar_domain *domain, unsigned long iov_pfn,
sg->dma_address = ((dma_addr_t)iov_pfn << VTD_PAGE_SHIFT) + sg->offset;
sg->dma_length = sg->length;
pteval = page_to_phys(sg_page(sg)) | prot;
+ phys_pfn = pteval >> VTD_PAGE_SHIFT;
}
+
if (!pte) {
- first_pte = pte = pfn_to_dma_pte(domain, iov_pfn);
+ largepage_lvl = hardware_largepage_caps(domain, iov_pfn, phys_pfn, sg_res);
+
+ first_pte = pte = pfn_to_dma_pte(domain, iov_pfn, largepage_lvl);
if (!pte)
return -ENOMEM;
+ /* It is large page*/
+ if (largepage_lvl > 1)
+ pteval |= DMA_PTE_LARGE_PAGE;
+ else
+ pteval &= ~(uint64_t)DMA_PTE_LARGE_PAGE;
+
}
/* We don't need lock here, nobody else
* touches the iova range
@@ -1708,16 +1806,38 @@ static int __domain_mapping(struct dmar_domain *domain, unsigned long iov_pfn,
}
WARN_ON(1);
}
+
+ lvl_pages = lvl_to_nr_pages(largepage_lvl);
+
+ BUG_ON(nr_pages < lvl_pages);
+ BUG_ON(sg_res < lvl_pages);
+
+ nr_pages -= lvl_pages;
+ iov_pfn += lvl_pages;
+ phys_pfn += lvl_pages;
+ pteval += lvl_pages * VTD_PAGE_SIZE;
+ sg_res -= lvl_pages;
+
+ /* If the next PTE would be the first in a new page, then we
+ need to flush the cache on the entries we've just written.
+ And then we'll need to recalculate 'pte', so clear it and
+ let it get set again in the if (!pte) block above.
+
+ If we're done (!nr_pages) we need to flush the cache too.
+
+ Also if we've been setting superpages, we may need to
+ recalculate 'pte' and switch back to smaller pages for the
+ end of the mapping, if the trailing size is not enough to
+ use another superpage (i.e. sg_res < lvl_pages). */
pte++;
- if (!nr_pages || first_pte_in_page(pte)) {
+ if (!nr_pages || first_pte_in_page(pte) ||
+ (largepage_lvl > 1 && sg_res < lvl_pages)) {
domain_flush_cache(domain, first_pte,
(void *)pte - (void *)first_pte);
pte = NULL;
}
- iov_pfn++;
- pteval += VTD_PAGE_SIZE;
- sg_res--;
- if (!sg_res)
+
+ if (!sg_res && nr_pages)
sg = sg_next(sg);
}
return 0;
@@ -3527,6 +3647,7 @@ static int md_domain_init(struct dmar_domain *domain, int guest_width)
domain->iommu_count = 0;
domain->iommu_coherency = 0;
domain->iommu_snooping = 0;
+ domain->iommu_superpage = 0;
domain->max_addr = 0;
domain->nid = -1;
@@ -3742,7 +3863,7 @@ static phys_addr_t intel_iommu_iova_to_phys(struct iommu_domain *domain,
struct dma_pte *pte;
u64 phys = 0;
- pte = pfn_to_dma_pte(dmar_domain, iova >> VTD_PAGE_SHIFT);
+ pte = pfn_to_dma_pte(dmar_domain, iova >> VTD_PAGE_SHIFT, 0);
if (pte)
phys = dma_pte_addr(pte);
diff --git a/include/linux/dma_remapping.h b/include/linux/dma_remapping.h
index 5619f8522738..bbd8661b3473 100644
--- a/include/linux/dma_remapping.h
+++ b/include/linux/dma_remapping.h
@@ -9,8 +9,12 @@
#define VTD_PAGE_MASK (((u64)-1) << VTD_PAGE_SHIFT)
#define VTD_PAGE_ALIGN(addr) (((addr) + VTD_PAGE_SIZE - 1) & VTD_PAGE_MASK)
+#define VTD_STRIDE_SHIFT (9)
+#define VTD_STRIDE_MASK (((u64)-1) << VTD_STRIDE_SHIFT)
+
#define DMA_PTE_READ (1)
#define DMA_PTE_WRITE (2)
+#define DMA_PTE_LARGE_PAGE (1 << 7)
#define DMA_PTE_SNP (1 << 11)
#define CONTEXT_TT_MULTI_LEVEL 0