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authorWanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>2019-07-06 09:26:51 +0800
committerPaolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>2019-07-20 09:00:40 +0200
commit0c5f81dad46c90792e6c3c4797131323c9e96dcd (patch)
tree50c6a3685357e2558e16493821b5233574f0ae59
parent4d151bf3b89e71490e69defc811579b2bde617e2 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-0c5f81dad46c90792e6c3c4797131323c9e96dcd.tar.gz
KVM: LAPIC: Inject timer interrupt via posted interrupt
Dedicated instances are currently disturbed by unnecessary jitter due to the emulated lapic timers firing on the same pCPUs where the vCPUs reside. There is no hardware virtual timer on Intel for guest like ARM, so both programming timer in guest and the emulated timer fires incur vmexits. This patch tries to avoid vmexit when the emulated timer fires, at least in dedicated instance scenario when nohz_full is enabled. In that case, the emulated timers can be offload to the nearest busy housekeeping cpus since APICv has been found for several years in server processors. The guest timer interrupt can then be injected via posted interrupts, which are delivered by the housekeeping cpu once the emulated timer fires. The host should tuned so that vCPUs are placed on isolated physical processors, and with several pCPUs surplus for busy housekeeping. If disabled mwait/hlt/pause vmexits keep the vCPUs in non-root mode, ~3% redis performance benefit can be observed on Skylake server, and the number of external interrupt vmexits drops substantially. Without patch VM-EXIT Samples Samples% Time% Min Time Max Time Avg time EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT 42916 49.43% 39.30% 0.47us 106.09us 0.71us ( +- 1.09% ) While with patch: VM-EXIT Samples Samples% Time% Min Time Max Time Avg time EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT 6871 9.29% 2.96% 0.44us 57.88us 0.72us ( +- 4.02% ) Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Cc: Radim Krčmář <rkrcmar@redhat.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c99
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h1
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c3
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kvm/x86.c6
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kvm/x86.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/sched/isolation.h6
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/isolation.c6
7 files changed, 87 insertions, 36 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
index 32b80ecc0ac5..0aa158657f20 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
@@ -118,6 +118,17 @@ static inline u32 kvm_x2apic_id(struct kvm_lapic *apic)
return apic->vcpu->vcpu_id;
}
+bool kvm_can_post_timer_interrupt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+ return pi_inject_timer && kvm_vcpu_apicv_active(vcpu);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_can_post_timer_interrupt);
+
+static bool kvm_use_posted_timer_interrupt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+ return kvm_can_post_timer_interrupt(vcpu) && vcpu->mode == IN_GUEST_MODE;
+}
+
static inline bool kvm_apic_map_get_logical_dest(struct kvm_apic_map *map,
u32 dest_id, struct kvm_lapic ***cluster, u16 *mask) {
switch (map->mode) {
@@ -1421,29 +1432,6 @@ static void apic_update_lvtt(struct kvm_lapic *apic)
}
}
-static void apic_timer_expired(struct kvm_lapic *apic)
-{
- struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu = apic->vcpu;
- struct swait_queue_head *q = &vcpu->wq;
- struct kvm_timer *ktimer = &apic->lapic_timer;
-
- if (atomic_read(&apic->lapic_timer.pending))
- return;
-
- atomic_inc(&apic->lapic_timer.pending);
- kvm_set_pending_timer(vcpu);
-
- /*
- * For x86, the atomic_inc() is serialized, thus
- * using swait_active() is safe.
- */
- if (swait_active(q))
- swake_up_one(q);
-
- if (apic_lvtt_tscdeadline(apic) || ktimer->hv_timer_in_use)
- ktimer->expired_tscdeadline = ktimer->tscdeadline;
-}
-
/*
* On APICv, this test will cause a busy wait
* during a higher-priority task.
@@ -1517,7 +1505,7 @@ static inline void adjust_lapic_timer_advance(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
apic->lapic_timer.timer_advance_ns = timer_advance_ns;
}
-void kvm_wait_lapic_expire(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+static void __kvm_wait_lapic_expire(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
struct kvm_lapic *apic = vcpu->arch.apic;
u64 guest_tsc, tsc_deadline;
@@ -1525,9 +1513,6 @@ void kvm_wait_lapic_expire(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
if (apic->lapic_timer.expired_tscdeadline == 0)
return;
- if (!lapic_timer_int_injected(vcpu))
- return;
-
tsc_deadline = apic->lapic_timer.expired_tscdeadline;
apic->lapic_timer.expired_tscdeadline = 0;
guest_tsc = kvm_read_l1_tsc(vcpu, rdtsc());
@@ -1539,8 +1524,57 @@ void kvm_wait_lapic_expire(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
if (unlikely(!apic->lapic_timer.timer_advance_adjust_done))
adjust_lapic_timer_advance(vcpu, apic->lapic_timer.advance_expire_delta);
}
+
+void kvm_wait_lapic_expire(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+ if (lapic_timer_int_injected(vcpu))
+ __kvm_wait_lapic_expire(vcpu);
+}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_wait_lapic_expire);
+static void kvm_apic_inject_pending_timer_irqs(struct kvm_lapic *apic)
+{
+ struct kvm_timer *ktimer = &apic->lapic_timer;
+
+ kvm_apic_local_deliver(apic, APIC_LVTT);
+ if (apic_lvtt_tscdeadline(apic))
+ ktimer->tscdeadline = 0;
+ if (apic_lvtt_oneshot(apic)) {
+ ktimer->tscdeadline = 0;
+ ktimer->target_expiration = 0;
+ }
+}
+
+static void apic_timer_expired(struct kvm_lapic *apic)
+{
+ struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu = apic->vcpu;
+ struct swait_queue_head *q = &vcpu->wq;
+ struct kvm_timer *ktimer = &apic->lapic_timer;
+
+ if (atomic_read(&apic->lapic_timer.pending))
+ return;
+
+ if (apic_lvtt_tscdeadline(apic) || ktimer->hv_timer_in_use)
+ ktimer->expired_tscdeadline = ktimer->tscdeadline;
+
+ if (kvm_use_posted_timer_interrupt(apic->vcpu)) {
+ if (apic->lapic_timer.timer_advance_ns)
+ __kvm_wait_lapic_expire(vcpu);
+ kvm_apic_inject_pending_timer_irqs(apic);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ atomic_inc(&apic->lapic_timer.pending);
+ kvm_set_pending_timer(vcpu);
+
+ /*
+ * For x86, the atomic_inc() is serialized, thus
+ * using swait_active() is safe.
+ */
+ if (swait_active(q))
+ swake_up_one(q);
+}
+
static void start_sw_tscdeadline(struct kvm_lapic *apic)
{
struct kvm_timer *ktimer = &apic->lapic_timer;
@@ -2325,13 +2359,7 @@ void kvm_inject_apic_timer_irqs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
struct kvm_lapic *apic = vcpu->arch.apic;
if (atomic_read(&apic->lapic_timer.pending) > 0) {
- kvm_apic_local_deliver(apic, APIC_LVTT);
- if (apic_lvtt_tscdeadline(apic))
- apic->lapic_timer.tscdeadline = 0;
- if (apic_lvtt_oneshot(apic)) {
- apic->lapic_timer.tscdeadline = 0;
- apic->lapic_timer.target_expiration = 0;
- }
+ kvm_apic_inject_pending_timer_irqs(apic);
atomic_set(&apic->lapic_timer.pending, 0);
}
}
@@ -2453,7 +2481,8 @@ void __kvm_migrate_apic_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
struct hrtimer *timer;
- if (!lapic_in_kernel(vcpu))
+ if (!lapic_in_kernel(vcpu) ||
+ kvm_can_post_timer_interrupt(vcpu))
return;
timer = &vcpu->arch.apic->lapic_timer.timer;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h
index 36747174e4a8..50053d2b8b7b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h
@@ -236,6 +236,7 @@ void kvm_lapic_switch_to_hv_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void kvm_lapic_expired_hv_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
bool kvm_lapic_hv_timer_in_use(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void kvm_lapic_restart_hv_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
+bool kvm_can_post_timer_interrupt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
static inline enum lapic_mode kvm_apic_mode(u64 apic_base)
{
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
index 84f8d49a2fd2..280320f74db7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
@@ -7064,7 +7064,8 @@ static int vmx_set_hv_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 guest_deadline_tsc,
u64 tscl, guest_tscl, delta_tsc, lapic_timer_advance_cycles;
struct kvm_timer *ktimer = &vcpu->arch.apic->lapic_timer;
- if (kvm_mwait_in_guest(vcpu->kvm))
+ if (kvm_mwait_in_guest(vcpu->kvm) ||
+ kvm_can_post_timer_interrupt(vcpu))
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index 6ab30c5e1ae0..58305cf81182 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -51,6 +51,7 @@
#include <linux/kvm_irqfd.h>
#include <linux/irqbypass.h>
#include <linux/sched/stat.h>
+#include <linux/sched/isolation.h>
#include <linux/mem_encrypt.h>
#include <trace/events/kvm.h>
@@ -153,6 +154,9 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(enable_vmware_backdoor);
static bool __read_mostly force_emulation_prefix = false;
module_param(force_emulation_prefix, bool, S_IRUGO);
+int __read_mostly pi_inject_timer = -1;
+module_param(pi_inject_timer, bint, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
+
#define KVM_NR_SHARED_MSRS 16
struct kvm_shared_msrs_global {
@@ -7058,6 +7062,8 @@ int kvm_arch_init(void *opaque)
host_xcr0 = xgetbv(XCR_XFEATURE_ENABLED_MASK);
kvm_lapic_init();
+ if (pi_inject_timer == -1)
+ pi_inject_timer = housekeeping_enabled(HK_FLAG_TIMER);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
pvclock_gtod_register_notifier(&pvclock_gtod_notifier);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h
index e08a12892e8b..6594020c0691 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h
@@ -301,6 +301,8 @@ extern unsigned int min_timer_period_us;
extern bool enable_vmware_backdoor;
+extern int pi_inject_timer;
+
extern struct static_key kvm_no_apic_vcpu;
static inline u64 nsec_to_cycles(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 nsec)
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/isolation.h b/include/linux/sched/isolation.h
index b0fb1446fe04..6c8512d3be88 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/isolation.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/isolation.h
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ enum hk_flags {
DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(housekeeping_overridden);
extern int housekeeping_any_cpu(enum hk_flags flags);
extern const struct cpumask *housekeeping_cpumask(enum hk_flags flags);
+extern bool housekeeping_enabled(enum hk_flags flags);
extern void housekeeping_affine(struct task_struct *t, enum hk_flags flags);
extern bool housekeeping_test_cpu(int cpu, enum hk_flags flags);
extern void __init housekeeping_init(void);
@@ -35,6 +36,11 @@ static inline const struct cpumask *housekeeping_cpumask(enum hk_flags flags)
return cpu_possible_mask;
}
+static inline bool housekeeping_enabled(enum hk_flags flags)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+
static inline void housekeeping_affine(struct task_struct *t,
enum hk_flags flags) { }
static inline void housekeeping_init(void) { }
diff --git a/kernel/sched/isolation.c b/kernel/sched/isolation.c
index 123ea07a3f3b..ccb28085b114 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/isolation.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/isolation.c
@@ -14,6 +14,12 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(housekeeping_overridden);
static cpumask_var_t housekeeping_mask;
static unsigned int housekeeping_flags;
+bool housekeeping_enabled(enum hk_flags flags)
+{
+ return !!(housekeeping_flags & flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(housekeeping_enabled);
+
int housekeeping_any_cpu(enum hk_flags flags)
{
if (static_branch_unlikely(&housekeeping_overridden))