path: root/mm/truncate.c
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2010-08-09check ATTR_SIZE contraints in inode_change_okChristoph Hellwig
Make sure we check the truncate constraints early on in ->setattr by adding those checks to inode_change_ok. Also clean up and document inode_change_ok to make this obvious. As a fallout we don't have to call inode_newsize_ok from simple_setsize and simplify it down to a truncate_setsize which doesn't return an error. This simplifies a lot of setattr implementations and means we use truncate_setsize almost everywhere. Get rid of fat_setsize now that it's trivial and mark ext2_setsize static to make the calling convention obvious. Keep the inode_newsize_ok in vmtruncate for now as all callers need an audit for its removal anyway. Note: setattr code in ecryptfs doesn't call inode_change_ok at all and needs a deeper audit, but that is left for later. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-05-27fs: introduce new truncate sequencenpiggin@suse.de
Introduce a new truncate calling sequence into fs/mm subsystems. Rather than setattr > vmtruncate > truncate, have filesystems call their truncate sequence from ->setattr if filesystem specific operations are required. vmtruncate is deprecated, and truncate_pagecache and inode_newsize_ok helpers introduced previously should be used. simple_setattr is introduced for simple in-ram filesystems to implement the new truncate sequence. Eventually all filesystems should be converted to implement a setattr, and the default code in notify_change should go away. simple_setsize is also introduced to perform just the ATTR_SIZE portion of simple_setattr (ie. changing i_size and trimming pagecache). To implement the new truncate sequence: - filesystem specific manipulations (eg freeing blocks) must be done in the setattr method rather than ->truncate. - vmtruncate can not be used by core code to trim blocks past i_size in the event of write failure after allocation, so this must be performed in the fs code. - convert usage of helpers block_write_begin, nobh_write_begin, cont_write_begin, and *blockdev_direct_IO* to use _newtrunc postfixed variants. These avoid calling vmtruncate to trim blocks (see previous). - inode_setattr should not be used. generic_setattr is a new function to be used to copy simple attributes into the generic inode. - make use of the better opportunity to handle errors with the new sequence. Big problem with the previous calling sequence: the filesystem is not called until i_size has already changed. This means it is not allowed to fail the call, and also it does not know what the previous i_size was. Also, generic code calling vmtruncate to truncate allocated blocks in case of error had no good way to return a meaningful error (or, for example, atomically handle block deallocation). Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking ↵Tejun Heo
implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2010-01-13vfs: Fix vmtruncate() regressionOGAWA Hirofumi
If __block_prepare_write() was failed in block_write_begin(), the allocated blocks can be outside of ->i_size. But new truncate_pagecache() in vmtuncate() does nothing if new < old. It means the above usage is not working anymore. So, this patch fixes it by removing "new < old" check. It would need more cleanup/change. But, now -rc and truncate working is in progress, so, this tried to fix it minimum change. Acked-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: OGAWA Hirofumi <hirofumi@mail.parknet.co.jp> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-16memcg: coalesce uncharge during unmap/truncateKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
In massive parallel enviroment, res_counter can be a performance bottleneck. One strong techinque to reduce lock contention is reducing calls by coalescing some amount of calls into one. Considering charge/uncharge chatacteristic, - charge is done one by one via demand-paging. - uncharge is done by - in chunk at munmap, truncate, exit, execve... - one by one via vmscan/paging. It seems we have a chance to coalesce uncharges for improving scalability at unmap/truncation. This patch is a for coalescing uncharge. For avoiding scattering memcg's structure to functions under /mm, this patch adds memcg batch uncharge information to the task. A reason for per-task batching is for making use of caller's context information. We do batched uncharge (deleyed uncharge) when truncation/unmap occurs but do direct uncharge when uncharge is called by memory reclaim (vmscan.c). The degree of coalescing depends on callers - at invalidate/trucate... pagevec size - at unmap ....ZAP_BLOCK_SIZE (memory itself will be freed in this degree.) Then, we'll not coalescing too much. On x86-64 8cpu server, I tested overheads of memcg at page fault by running a program which does map/fault/unmap in a loop. Running a task per a cpu by taskset and see sum of the number of page faults in 60secs. [without memcg config] 40156968 page-faults # 0.085 M/sec ( +- 0.046% ) 27.67 cache-miss/faults [root cgroup] 36659599 page-faults # 0.077 M/sec ( +- 0.247% ) 31.58 miss/faults [in a child cgroup] 18444157 page-faults # 0.039 M/sec ( +- 0.133% ) 69.96 miss/faults [child with this patch] 27133719 page-faults # 0.057 M/sec ( +- 0.155% ) 47.16 miss/faults We can see some amounts of improvement. (root cgroup doesn't affected by this patch) Another patch for "charge" will follow this and above will be improved more. Changelog(since 2009/10/02): - renamed filed of memcg_batch (as pages to bytes, memsw to memsw_bytes) - some clean up and commentary/description updates. - added initialize code to copy_process(). (possible bug fix) Changelog(old): - fixed !CONFIG_MEM_CGROUP case. - rebased onto the latest mmotm + softlimit fix patches. - unified patch for callers - added commetns. - make ->do_batch as bool. - removed css_get() at el. We don't need it. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-04mm: fix comments for invalidate_inode_pages2()Peng Tao
invalidate_inode_pages2() returns -EBUSY *NOT* -EIO if any pages could not be invalidated. Signed-off-by: Peng Tao <bergwolf@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2009-09-24Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs-2.6 * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs-2.6: truncate: use new helpers truncate: new helpers fs: fix overflow in sys_mount() for in-kernel calls fs: Make unload_nls() NULL pointer safe freeze_bdev: grab active reference to frozen superblocks freeze_bdev: kill bd_mount_sem exofs: remove BKL from super operations fs/romfs: correct error-handling code vfs: seq_file: add helpers for data filling vfs: remove redundant position check in do_sendfile vfs: change sb->s_maxbytes to a loff_t vfs: explicitly cast s_maxbytes in fiemap_check_ranges libfs: return error code on failed attr set seq_file: return a negative error code when seq_path_root() fails. vfs: optimize touch_time() too vfs: optimization for touch_atime() vfs: split generic_forget_inode() so that hugetlbfs does not have to copy it fs/inode.c: add dev-id and inode number for debugging in init_special_inode() libfs: make simple_read_from_buffer conventional
2009-09-24truncate: new helpersnpiggin@suse.de
Introduce new truncate helpers truncate_pagecache and inode_newsize_ok. vmtruncate is also consolidated from mm/memory.c and mm/nommu.c and into mm/truncate.c. Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2009-09-16HWPOISON: Define a new error_remove_page address space op for async truncationAndi Kleen
Truncating metadata pages is not safe right now before we haven't audited all file systems. To enable truncation only for data address space define a new address_space callback error_remove_page. This is used for memory_failure.c memory error handling. This can be then set to truncate_inode_page() This patch just defines the new operation and adds documentation. Callers and users come in followon patches. Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
2009-09-16HWPOISON: Add invalidate_inode_pageWu Fengguang
Add a simple way to invalidate a single page This is just a refactoring of the truncate.c code. Originally from Fengguang, modified by Andi Kleen. Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
2009-09-16HWPOISON: Refactor truncate to allow direct truncating of page v2Nick Piggin
Extract out truncate_inode_page() out of the truncate path so that it can be used by memory-failure.c [AK: description, headers, fix typos] v2: Some white space changes from Fengguang Wu Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
2009-06-16mm: remove __invalidate_mapping_pages variantMike Waychison
Remove __invalidate_mapping_pages atomic variant now that its sole caller can sleep (fixed in eccb95cee4f0d56faa46ef22fb94dd4a3578d3eb ("vfs: fix lock inversion in drop_pagecache_sb()")). This fixes softlockups that can occur while in the drop_caches path. Signed-off-by: Mike Waychison <mikew@google.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Acked-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-05-29memcg: fix deadlock between lock_page_cgroup and mapping tree_lockDaisuke Nishimura
mapping->tree_lock can be acquired from interrupt context. Then, following dead lock can occur. Assume "A" as a page. CPU0: lock_page_cgroup(A) interrupted -> take mapping->tree_lock. CPU1: take mapping->tree_lock -> lock_page_cgroup(A) This patch tries to fix above deadlock by moving memcg's hook to out of mapping->tree_lock. charge/uncharge of pagecache/swapcache is protected by page lock, not tree_lock. After this patch, lock_page_cgroup() is not called under mapping->tree_lock. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-04-03FS-Cache: Recruit a page flags for cache managementDavid Howells
Recruit a page flag to aid in cache management. The following extra flag is defined: (1) PG_fscache (PG_private_2) The marked page is backed by a local cache and is pinning resources in the cache driver. If PG_fscache is set, then things that checked for PG_private will now also check for that. This includes things like truncation and page invalidation. The function page_has_private() had been added to make the checks for both PG_private and PG_private_2 at the same time. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Steve Dickson <steved@redhat.com> Acked-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Tested-by: Daire Byrne <Daire.Byrne@framestore.com>
2008-10-20mmap: handle mlocked pages during map, remap, unmapRik van Riel
Originally by Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Remove mlocked pages from the LRU using "unevictable infrastructure" during mmap(), munmap(), mremap() and truncate(). Try to move back to normal LRU lists on munmap() when last mlocked mapping removed. Remove PageMlocked() status when page truncated from file. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanup] [kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com: fix double unlock_page()] [kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com: split LRU: munlock rework] [lee.schermerhorn@hp.com: mlock: fix __mlock_vma_pages_range comment block] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove bogus kerneldoc token] Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamewzawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-16Remove Andrew Morton's old email accountsFrancois Cami
People can use the real name an an index into MAINTAINERS to find the current email address. Signed-off-by: Francois Cami <francois.cami@free.fr> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-09-02VFS: fix dio write returning EIO when try_to_release_page failsHisashi Hifumi
Dio write returns EIO when try_to_release_page fails because bh is still referenced. The patch commit 3f31fddfa26b7594b44ff2b34f9a04ba409e0f91 Author: Mingming Cao <cmm@us.ibm.com> Date: Fri Jul 25 01:46:22 2008 -0700 jbd: fix race between free buffer and commit transaction was merged into 2.6.27-rc1, but I noticed that this patch is not enough to fix the race. I did fsstress test heavily to 2.6.27-rc1, and found that dio write still sometimes got EIO through this test. The patch above fixed race between freeing buffer(dio) and committing transaction(jbd) but I discovered that there is another race, freeing buffer(dio) and ext3/4_ordered_writepage. : background_writeout() ->write_cache_pages() ->ext3_ordered_writepage() walk_page_buffers() -> take a bh ref block_write_full_page() -> unlock_page : <- end_page_writeback : <- race! (dio write->try_to_release_page fails) walk_page_buffers() ->release a bh ref ext3_ordered_writepage holds bh ref and does unlock_page remaining taking a bh ref, so this causes the race and failure of try_to_release_page. To fix this race, I used the approach of falling back to buffered writes if try_to_release_page() fails on a page. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanups] Signed-off-by: Hisashi Hifumi <hifumi.hisashi@oss.ntt.co.jp> Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Mingming Cao <cmm@us.ibm.com> Cc: Zach Brown <zach.brown@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-08-04mm: rename page trylockNick Piggin
Converting page lock to new locking bitops requires a change of page flag operation naming, so we might as well convert it to something nicer (!TestSetPageLocked_Lock => trylock_page, SetPageLocked => set_page_locked). This also facilitates lockdeping of page lock. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Acked-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-08-02mm: dont clear PG_uptodate on truncate/invalidateMiklos Szeredi
Brian Wang reported that a FUSE filesystem exported through NFS could return I/O errors on read. This was traced to splice_direct_to_actor() returning a short or zero count when racing with page invalidation. However this is not FUSE or NFSD specific, other filesystems (notably NFS) also call invalidate_inode_pages2() to purge stale data from the cache. If this happens while such pages are sitting in a pipe buffer, then splice(2) from the pipe can return zero, and read(2) from the pipe can return ENODATA. The zero return is especially bad, since it implies end-of-file or disconnected pipe/socket, and is documented as such for splice. But returning an error for read() is also nasty, when in fact there was no error (data becoming stale is not an error). The same problems can be triggered by "hole punching" with madvise(MADV_REMOVE). Fix this by not clearing the PG_uptodate flag on truncation and invalidation. Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz> Acked-by: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-07-26mm: spinlock tree_lockNick Piggin
mapping->tree_lock has no read lockers. convert the lock from an rwlock to a spinlock. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@us.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28fix invalidate_inode_pages2_range() to not clear retHisashi Hifumi
DIO invalidates page cache through invalidate_inode_pages2_range(). invalidate_inode_pages2_range() sets ret=-EIO when invalidate_complete_page2() fails, but this ret is cleared if do_launder_page() succeed on a page of next index. In this case, dio is carried out even if invalidate_complete_page2() fails on some pages. This can cause inconsistency between memory and blocks on HDD because the page cache still exists. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Hisashi Hifumi <hifumi.hisashi@oss.ntt.co.jp> Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com> Cc: Ken Chen <kenchen@google.com> Cc: Zach Brown <zach.brown@oracle.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no> Cc: "J. Bruce Fields" <bfields@fieldses.org> Cc: Chuck Lever <cel@citi.umich.edu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-03-03docbook: fix kernel-api source filesRandy Dunlap
Fix docbook problems in kernel-api.tmpl. These cause the generated docbook to be incorrect. Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-05page migraton: handle orphaned pagesShaohua Li
Orphaned page might have fs-private metadata, the page is truncated. As the page hasn't mapping, page migration refuse to migrate the page. It appears the page is only freed in page reclaim and if zone watermark is low, the page is never freed, as a result migration always fail. I thought we could free the metadata so such page can be freed in migration and make migration more reliable. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: go direct to try_to_free_buffers()] Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com> Acked-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-05Fix dirty page accounting leak with ext3 data=journalBjorn Steinbrink
In 46d2277c796f9f4937bfa668c40b2e3f43e93dd0 ("Clean up and make try_to_free_buffers() not race with dirty pages"), try_to_free_buffers was changed to bail out if the page was dirty. That in turn caused truncate_complete_page to leak massive amounts of memory, because the dirty bit was only cleared after the call to try_to_free_buffers. So the call to cancel_dirty_page was moved up to have the dirty bit cleared early in 3e67c0987d7567ad666641164a153dca9a43b11d ("truncate: clear page dirtiness before running try_to_free_buffers()"). The problem with that fix is, that the page can be redirtied after cancel_dirty_page was called, eg. like this: truncate_complete_page() cancel_dirty_page() // PG_dirty cleared, decr. dirty pages do_invalidatepage() ext3_invalidatepage() journal_invalidatepage() journal_unmap_buffer() __dispose_buffer() __journal_unfile_buffer() __journal_temp_unlink_buffer() mark_buffer_dirty(); // PG_dirty set, incr. dirty pages And then we end up with dirty pages being wrongly accounted. As a result, in ecdfc9787fe527491baefc22dce8b2dbd5b2908d ("Resurrect 'try_to_free_buffers()' VM hackery") the changes to try_to_free_buffers were reverted, so the original reason for the massive memory leak is gone, and we can also revert the move of the call to cancel_dirty_page from truncate_complete_page and get the accounting right again. I'm not sure if it matters, but opposed to the final check in __remove_from_page_cache, this one also cares about the task io accounting, so maybe we want to use this instead, although it's not quite the clean fix either. Signed-off-by: Björn Steinbrink <B.Steinbrink@gmx.de> Tested-by: Krzysztof Piotr Oledzki <ole@ans.pl> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@ucw.cz> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Thomas Osterried <osterried@jesse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-05Pagecache zeroing: zero_user_segment, zero_user_segments and zero_userChristoph Lameter
Simplify page cache zeroing of segments of pages through 3 functions zero_user_segments(page, start1, end1, start2, end2) Zeros two segments of the page. It takes the position where to start and end the zeroing which avoids length calculations and makes code clearer. zero_user_segment(page, start, end) Same for a single segment. zero_user(page, start, length) Length variant for the case where we know the length. We remove the zero_user_page macro. Issues: 1. Its a macro. Inline functions are preferable. 2. The KM_USER0 macro is only defined for HIGHMEM. Having to treat this special case everywhere makes the code needlessly complex. The parameter for zeroing is always KM_USER0 except in one single case that we open code. Avoiding KM_USER0 makes a lot of code not having to be dealing with the special casing for HIGHMEM anymore. Dealing with kmap is only necessary for HIGHMEM configurations. In those configurations we use KM_USER0 like we do for a series of other functions defined in highmem.h. Since KM_USER0 is depends on HIGHMEM the existing zero_user_page function could not be a macro. zero_user_* functions introduced here can be be inline because that constant is not used when these functions are called. Also extract the flushing of the caches to be outside of the kmap. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix nfs and ntfs build] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix ntfs build some more] Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Steven French <sfrench@us.ibm.com> Cc: Michael Halcrow <mhalcrow@us.ibm.com> Cc: <linux-ext4@vger.kernel.org> Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no> Cc: "J. Bruce Fields" <bfields@fieldses.org> Cc: Anton Altaparmakov <aia21@cantab.net> Cc: Mark Fasheh <mark.fasheh@oracle.com> Cc: David Chinner <dgc@sgi.com> Cc: Michael Halcrow <mhalcrow@us.ibm.com> Cc: Steven French <sfrench@us.ibm.com> Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-03do_invalidatepage() comment typo fixFengguang Wu
Fix a typo in the comment for do_invalidatepage(). Signed-off-by: Fengguang Wu <wfg@mail.ustc.edu.cn> Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
2007-10-17Drop some headers from mm.hAlexey Dobriyan
mm.h doesn't use directly anything from mutex.h and backing-dev.h, so remove them and add them back to files which need them. Cross-compile tested on many configs and archs. Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-17mm: count reclaimable pages per BDIPeter Zijlstra
Count per BDI reclaimable pages; nr_reclaimable = nr_dirty + nr_unstable. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19mm: merge populate and nopage into fault (fixes nonlinear)Nick Piggin
Nonlinear mappings are (AFAIKS) simply a virtual memory concept that encodes the virtual address -> file offset differently from linear mappings. ->populate is a layering violation because the filesystem/pagecache code should need to know anything about the virtual memory mapping. The hitch here is that the ->nopage handler didn't pass down enough information (ie. pgoff). But it is more logical to pass pgoff rather than have the ->nopage function calculate it itself anyway (because that's a similar layering violation). Having the populate handler install the pte itself is likewise a nasty thing to be doing. This patch introduces a new fault handler that replaces ->nopage and ->populate and (later) ->nopfn. Most of the old mechanism is still in place so there is a lot of duplication and nice cleanups that can be removed if everyone switches over. The rationale for doing this in the first place is that nonlinear mappings are subject to the pagefault vs invalidate/truncate race too, and it seemed stupid to duplicate the synchronisation logic rather than just consolidate the two. After this patch, MAP_NONBLOCK no longer sets up ptes for pages present in pagecache. Seems like a fringe functionality anyway. NOPAGE_REFAULT is removed. This should be implemented with ->fault, and no users have hit mainline yet. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanup] [randy.dunlap@oracle.com: doc. fixes for readahead] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fix] Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Cc: Mark Fasheh <mark.fasheh@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19mm: fix fault vs invalidate race for linear mappingsNick Piggin
Fix the race between invalidate_inode_pages and do_no_page. Andrea Arcangeli identified a subtle race between invalidation of pages from pagecache with userspace mappings, and do_no_page. The issue is that invalidation has to shoot down all mappings to the page, before it can be discarded from the pagecache. Between shooting down ptes to a particular page, and actually dropping the struct page from the pagecache, do_no_page from any process might fault on that page and establish a new mapping to the page just before it gets discarded from the pagecache. The most common case where such invalidation is used is in file truncation. This case was catered for by doing a sort of open-coded seqlock between the file's i_size, and its truncate_count. Truncation will decrease i_size, then increment truncate_count before unmapping userspace pages; do_no_page will read truncate_count, then find the page if it is within i_size, and then check truncate_count under the page table lock and back out and retry if it had subsequently been changed (ptl will serialise against unmapping, and ensure a potentially updated truncate_count is actually visible). Complexity and documentation issues aside, the locking protocol fails in the case where we would like to invalidate pagecache inside i_size. do_no_page can come in anytime and filemap_nopage is not aware of the invalidation in progress (as it is when it is outside i_size). The end result is that dangling (->mapping == NULL) pages that appear to be from a particular file may be mapped into userspace with nonsense data. Valid mappings to the same place will see a different page. Andrea implemented two working fixes, one using a real seqlock, another using a page->flags bit. He also proposed using the page lock in do_no_page, but that was initially considered too heavyweight. However, it is not a global or per-file lock, and the page cacheline is modified in do_no_page to increment _count and _mapcount anyway, so a further modification should not be a large performance hit. Scalability is not an issue. This patch implements this latter approach. ->nopage implementations return with the page locked if it is possible for their underlying file to be invalidated (in that case, they must set a special vm_flags bit to indicate so). do_no_page only unlocks the page after setting up the mapping completely. invalidation is excluded because it holds the page lock during invalidation of each page (and ensures that the page is not mapped while holding the lock). This also allows significant simplifications in do_no_page, because we have the page locked in the right place in the pagecache from the start. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-17fs: introduce some page/buffer invariantsNick Piggin
It is a bug to set a page dirty if it is not uptodate unless it has buffers. If the page has buffers, then the page may be dirty (some buffers dirty) but not uptodate (some buffers not uptodate). The exception to this rule is if the set_page_dirty caller is racing with truncate or invalidate. A buffer can not be set dirty if it is not uptodate. If either of these situations occurs, it indicates there could be some data loss problem. Some of these warnings could be a harmless one where the page or buffer is set uptodate immediately after it is dirtied, however we should fix those up, and enforce this ordering. Bring the order of operations for truncate into line with those of invalidate. This will prevent a page from being able to go !uptodate while we're holding the tree_lock, which is probably a good thing anyway. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-16invalidate_mapping_pages(): add cond_reschedAndrew Morton
invalidate_mapping_pages() can sometimes take a long time (millions of pages to free). Long enough for the softlockup detector to trigger. We used to have a cond_resched() in there but I took it out because the drop_caches code calls invalidate_mapping_pages() under inode_lock. The patch adds a nasty flag and puts the cond_resched() back. Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-16vmscan: fix comments related to shrink_list()Anderson Briglia
Fix the shrink_list name on some files under mm/ directory. Signed-off-by: Anderson Briglia <anderson.briglia@indt.org.br> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-05-09fs: convert core functions to zero_user_pageNate Diller
It's very common for file systems to need to zero part or all of a page, the simplist way is just to use kmap_atomic() and memset(). There's actually a library function in include/linux/highmem.h that does exactly that, but it's confusingly named memclear_highpage_flush(), which is descriptive of *how* it does the work rather than what the *purpose* is. So this patchset renames the function to zero_user_page(), and calls it from the various places that currently open code it. This first patch introduces the new function call, and converts all the core kernel callsites, both the open-coded ones and the old memclear_highpage_flush() ones. Following this patch is a series of conversions for each file system individually, per AKPM, and finally a patch deprecating the old call. The diffstat below shows the entire patchset. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix a few things] Signed-off-by: Nate Diller <nate.diller@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-03-01[PATCH] VM: invalidate_inode_pages2_range() should not exit earlyTrond Myklebust
Fix invalidate_inode_pages2_range() so that it does not immediately exit just because a single page in the specified range could not be removed. Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-02-11[PATCH] remove invalidate_inode_pages()Andrew Morton
Convert all calls to invalidate_inode_pages() into open-coded calls to invalidate_mapping_pages(). Leave the invalidate_inode_pages() wrapper in place for now, marked as deprecated. Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-02-11[PATCH] Export invalidate_mapping_pages() to modulesAnton Altaparmakov
It makes no sense to me to export invalidate_inode_pages() and not invalidate_mapping_pages() and I actually need invalidate_mapping_pages() because of its range specification ability... akpm: also remove the export of invalidate_inode_pages() by making it an inlined wrapper. Signed-off-by: Anton Altaparmakov <aia21@cantab.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-01-26[PATCH] MM: Remove [PATCH] invalidate_inode_pages2_range() debugTrond Myklebust
NFS can handle the case where invalidate_inode_pages2_range() fails, so the premise behind commit 8258d4a574d3a8c01f0ef68aa26b969398a0e140 is now gone. Remove the WARN_ON_ONCE() which is causing users grief as we can see from http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=7826 Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-01-26Resurrect 'try_to_free_buffers()' VM hackeryLinus Torvalds
It's not pretty, but it appears that ext3 with data=journal will clean pages without ever actually telling the VM that they are clean. This, in turn, will result in the VM (and balance_dirty_pages() in particular) to never realize that the pages got cleaned, and wait forever for an event that already happened. Technically, this seems to be a problem with ext3 itself, but it used to be hidden by 'try_to_free_buffers()' noticing this situation on its own, and just working around the filesystem problem. This commit re-instates that hack, in order to avoid a regression for the 2.6.20 release. This fixes bugzilla 7844: http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=7844 Peter Zijlstra points out that we should probably retain the debugging code that this removes from cancel_dirty_page(), and I agree, but for the imminent release we might as well just silence the warning too (since it's not a new bug: anything that triggers that warning has been around forever). Acked-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net> Acked-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-01-11[PATCH] NFS: Fix race in nfs_release_page()Trond Myklebust
NFS: Fix race in nfs_release_page() invalidate_inode_pages2() may find the dirty bit has been set on a page owing to the fact that the page may still be mapped after it was locked. Only after the call to unmap_mapping_range() are we sure that the page can no longer be dirtied. In order to fix this, NFS has hooked the releasepage() method and tries to write the page out between the call to unmap_mapping_range() and the call to remove_mapping(). This, however leads to deadlocks in the page reclaim code, where the page may be locked without holding a reference to the inode or dentry. Fix is to add a new address_space_operation, launder_page(), which will attempt to write out a dirty page without releasing the page lock. Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Also, the bare SetPageDirty() can skew all sort of accounting leading to other nasties. [akpm@osdl.org: cleanup] Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-12-23Clean up and export cancel_dirty_page() to modulesLinus Torvalds
Make cancel_dirty_page() act more like all the other dirty and writeback accounting functions: test for "mapping" being NULL, and do the NR_FILE_DIRY accounting purely based on mapping_cap_account_dirty()). Also, add it to the exports, so that modular filesystems can use it. Acked-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-12-22[PATCH] truncate: dirty memory accounting fixAndrew Morton
Only (un)account for IO and page-dirtying for devices which have real backing store (ie: not tmpfs or ramdisks). Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-12-21[PATCH] truncate: clear page dirtiness before running try_to_free_buffers()Andrew Morton
truncate presently invalidates the dirty page's buffer_heads then shoots down the page. But try_to_free_buffers() will now bale out because the page is dirty. Net effect: the LRU gets filled with dirty pages which have invalidated buffer_heads attached. They have no ->mapping and hence cannot be cleaned. The machine leaks memory at an enormous rate. Fix this by cleaning the page before running try_to_free_buffers(), so try_to_free_buffers() can do its work. Also, remember to do dirty-page-acoounting in cancel_dirty_page() so the machine won't wedge up trying to write non-existent dirty pages. Probably still wrong, but now less so. Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-12-21VM: Remove "clear_page_dirty()" and "test_clear_page_dirty()" functionsLinus Torvalds
They were horribly easy to mis-use because of their tempting naming, and they also did way more than any users of them generally wanted them to do. A dirty page can become clean under two circumstances: (a) when we write it out. We have "clear_page_dirty_for_io()" for this, and that function remains unchanged. In the "for IO" case it is not sufficient to just clear the dirty bit, you also have to mark the page as being under writeback etc. (b) when we actually remove a page due to it becoming inaccessible to users, notably because it was truncate()'d away or the file (or metadata) no longer exists, and we thus want to cancel any outstanding dirty state. For the (b) case, we now introduce "cancel_dirty_page()", which only touches the page state itself, and verifies that the page is not mapped (since cancelling writes on a mapped page would be actively wrong as it is still accessible to users). Some filesystems need to be fixed up for this: CIFS, FUSE, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS all use the old confusing functions, and will be fixed separately in subsequent commits (with some of them just removing the offending logic, and others using clear_page_dirty_for_io()). This was confirmed by Martin Michlmayr to fix the apt database corruption on ARM. Cc: Martin Michlmayr <tbm@cyrius.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@infradead.org> Cc: Andrei Popa <andrei.popa@i-neo.ro> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Cc: Dave Kleikamp <shaggy@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Gordon Farquharson <gordonfarquharson@gmail.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-12-10[PATCH] io-accounting: write-cancel accountingAndrew Morton
Account for the number of byte writes which this process caused to not happen after all. Cc: Jay Lan <jlan@sgi.com> Cc: Shailabh Nagar <nagar@watson.ibm.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Chris Sturtivant <csturtiv@sgi.com> Cc: Tony Ernst <tee@sgi.com> Cc: Guillaume Thouvenin <guillaume.thouvenin@bull.net> Cc: David Wright <daw@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-10-17[PATCH] invalidate: remove_mapping() fixAndrew Morton
If remove_mapping() failed to remove the page from its mapping, don't go and mark it not uptodate! Makes kernel go dead. (Actually, I don't think the ClearPageUptodate is needed there at all). Says Nick Piggin: "Right, it isn't needed because at this point the page is guaranteed by remove_mapping to have no references (except us) and cannot pick up any new ones because it is removed from pagecache. We can delete it." Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Acked-by: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-10-11[PATCH] VM: Fix the gfp_mask in invalidate_complete_page2Trond Myklebust
If try_to_release_page() is called with a zero gfp mask, then the filesystem is effectively denied the possibility of sleeping while attempting to release the page. There doesn't appear to be any valid reason why this should be banned, given that we're not calling this from a memory allocation context. For this reason, change the gfp_mask argument of the call to GFP_KERNEL. Signed-off-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Cc: Steve Dickson <SteveD@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-10-11[PATCH] invalidate_inode_pages2_range() debugAndrew Morton
A failure in invalidate_inode_pages2_range() can result in unpleasant things happening in NFS (at least). Stick a WARN_ON_ONCE() in there so we can find out if it happens, and maybe why. (akpm: might be a -mm-only patch, we'll see..) Cc: Chuck Lever <chuck.lever@oracle.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Cc: Steve Dickson <SteveD@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-10-01[PATCH] invalidate_inode_pages2(): ignore page refcountsAndrew Morton
The recent fix to invalidate_inode_pages() (git commit 016eb4a) managed to unfix invalidate_inode_pages2(). The problem is that various bits of code in the kernel can take transient refs on pages: the page scanner will do this when inspecting a batch of pages, and the lru_cache_add() batching pagevecs also hold a ref. Net result is transient failures in invalidate_inode_pages2(). This affects NFS directory invalidation (observed) and presumably also block-backed direct-io (not yet reported). Fix it by reverting invalidate_inode_pages2() back to the old version which ignores the page refcounts. We may come up with something more clever later, but for now we need a 2.6.18 fix for NFS. Cc: Chuck Lever <cel@citi.umich.edu> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-09-30[PATCH] BLOCK: Make it possible to disable the block layer [try #6]David Howells
Make it possible to disable the block layer. Not all embedded devices require it, some can make do with just JFFS2, NFS, ramfs, etc - none of which require the block layer to be present. This patch does the following: (*) Introduces CONFIG_BLOCK to disable the block layer, buffering and blockdev support. (*) Adds dependencies on CONFIG_BLOCK to any configuration item that controls an item that uses the block layer. This includes: (*) Block I/O tracing. (*) Disk partition code. (*) All filesystems that are block based, eg: Ext3, ReiserFS, ISOFS. (*) The SCSI layer. As far as I can tell, even SCSI chardevs use the block layer to do scheduling. Some drivers that use SCSI facilities - such as USB storage - end up disabled indirectly from this. (*) Various block-based device drivers, such as IDE and the old CDROM drivers. (*) MTD blockdev handling and FTL. (*) JFFS - which uses set_bdev_super(), something it could avoid doing by taking a leaf out of JFFS2's book. (*) Makes most of the contents of linux/blkdev.h, linux/buffer_head.h and linux/elevator.h contingent on CONFIG_BLOCK being set. sector_div() is, however, still used in places, and so is still available. (*) Also made contingent are the contents of linux/mpage.h, linux/genhd.h and parts of linux/fs.h. (*) Makes a number of files in fs/ contingent on CONFIG_BLOCK. (*) Makes mm/bounce.c (bounce buffering) contingent on CONFIG_BLOCK. (*) set_page_dirty() doesn't call __set_page_dirty_buffers() if CONFIG_BLOCK is not enabled. (*) fs/no-block.c is created to hold out-of-line stubs and things that are required when CONFIG_BLOCK is not set: (*) Default blockdev file operations (to give error ENODEV on opening). (*) Makes some /proc changes: (*) /proc/devices does not list any blockdevs. (*) /proc/diskstats and /proc/partitions are contingent on CONFIG_BLOCK. (*) Makes some compat ioctl handling contingent on CONFIG_BLOCK. (*) If CONFIG_BLOCK is not defined, makes sys_quotactl() return -ENODEV if given command other than Q_SYNC or if a special device is specified. (*) In init/do_mounts.c, no reference is made to the blockdev routines if CONFIG_BLOCK is not defined. This does not prohibit NFS roots or JFFS2. (*) The bdflush, ioprio_set and ioprio_get syscalls can now be absent (return error ENOSYS by way of cond_syscall if so). (*) The seclvl_bd_claim() and seclvl_bd_release() security calls do nothing if CONFIG_BLOCK is not set, since they can't then happen. Signed-Off-By: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>