path: root/mm/mprotect.c
AgeCommit message (Collapse)Author
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking ↵Tejun Heo
implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2009-09-21perf: Do the big rename: Performance Counters -> Performance EventsIngo Molnar
Bye-bye Performance Counters, welcome Performance Events! In the past few months the perfcounters subsystem has grown out its initial role of counting hardware events, and has become (and is becoming) a much broader generic event enumeration, reporting, logging, monitoring, analysis facility. Naming its core object 'perf_counter' and naming the subsystem 'perfcounters' has become more and more of a misnomer. With pending code like hw-breakpoints support the 'counter' name is less and less appropriate. All in one, we've decided to rename the subsystem to 'performance events' and to propagate this rename through all fields, variables and API names. (in an ABI compatible fashion) The word 'event' is also a bit shorter than 'counter' - which makes it slightly more convenient to write/handle as well. Thanks goes to Stephane Eranian who first observed this misnomer and suggested a rename. User-space tooling and ABI compatibility is not affected - this patch should be function-invariant. (Also, defconfigs were not touched to keep the size down.) This patch has been generated via the following script: FILES=$(find * -type f | grep -vE 'oprofile|[^K]config') sed -i \ -e 's/PERF_EVENT_/PERF_RECORD_/g' \ -e 's/PERF_COUNTER/PERF_EVENT/g' \ -e 's/perf_counter/perf_event/g' \ -e 's/nb_counters/nb_events/g' \ -e 's/swcounter/swevent/g' \ -e 's/tpcounter_event/tp_event/g' \ $FILES for N in $(find . -name perf_counter.[ch]); do M=$(echo $N | sed 's/perf_counter/perf_event/g') mv $N $M done FILES=$(find . -name perf_event.*) sed -i \ -e 's/COUNTER_MASK/REG_MASK/g' \ -e 's/COUNTER/EVENT/g' \ -e 's/\<event\>/event_id/g' \ -e 's/counter/event/g' \ -e 's/Counter/Event/g' \ $FILES ... to keep it as correct as possible. This script can also be used by anyone who has pending perfcounters patches - it converts a Linux kernel tree over to the new naming. We tried to time this change to the point in time where the amount of pending patches is the smallest: the end of the merge window. Namespace clashes were fixed up in a preparatory patch - and some stylistic fallout will be fixed up in a subsequent patch. ( NOTE: 'counters' are still the proper terminology when we deal with hardware registers - and these sed scripts are a bit over-eager in renaming them. I've undone some of that, but in case there's something left where 'counter' would be better than 'event' we can undo that on an individual basis instead of touching an otherwise nicely automated patch. ) Suggested-by: Stephane Eranian <eranian@google.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Acked-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Reviewed-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Kyle McMartin <kyle@mcmartin.ca> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org> LKML-Reference: <new-submission> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-06-08perf_counter: Add mmap event hooks to mprotect()Peter Zijlstra
Some JIT compilers allocate memory for generated code with posix_memalign() + mprotect() so we need to hook into mprotect() to make sure 'perf' is aware that we're executing code in anonymous memory. [ penberg@cs.helsinki.fi: move the hook to sys_mprotect() ] Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> LKML-Reference: <Pine.LNX.4.64.0906082111030.12407@melkki.cs.Helsinki.FI> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-02-10Do not account for the address space used by hugetlbfs using VM_ACCOUNTMel Gorman
When overcommit is disabled, the core VM accounts for pages used by anonymous shared, private mappings and special mappings. It keeps track of VMAs that should be accounted for with VM_ACCOUNT and VMAs that never had a reserve with VM_NORESERVE. Overcommit for hugetlbfs is much riskier than overcommit for base pages due to contiguity requirements. It avoids overcommiting on both shared and private mappings using reservation counters that are checked and updated during mmap(). This ensures (within limits) that hugepages exist in the future when faults occurs or it is too easy to applications to be SIGKILLed. As hugetlbfs makes its own reservations of a different unit to the base page size, VM_ACCOUNT should never be set. Even if the units were correct, we would double account for the usage in the core VM and hugetlbfs. VM_NORESERVE may be set because an application can request no reserves be made for hugetlbfs at the risk of getting killed later. With commit fc8744adc870a8d4366908221508bb113d8b72ee, VM_NORESERVE and VM_ACCOUNT are getting unconditionally set for hugetlbfs-backed mappings. This breaks the accounting for both the core VM and hugetlbfs, can trigger an OOM storm when hugepage pools are too small lockups and corrupted counters otherwise are used. This patch brings hugetlbfs more in line with how the core VM treats VM_NORESERVE but prevents VM_ACCOUNT being set. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-01-14[CVE-2009-0029] System call wrappers part 13Heiko Carstens
Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
2009-01-06mm: cleanup: remove #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATIONKOSAKI Motohiro
#ifdef in *.c file decrease source readability a bit. removing is better. This patch doesn't have any functional change. Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-01-05mm: update my addressAlan Cox
Signed-off-by: Alan Cox <alan@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-07-28mmu-notifiers: coreAndrea Arcangeli
With KVM/GFP/XPMEM there isn't just the primary CPU MMU pointing to pages. There are secondary MMUs (with secondary sptes and secondary tlbs) too. sptes in the kvm case are shadow pagetables, but when I say spte in mmu-notifier context, I mean "secondary pte". In GRU case there's no actual secondary pte and there's only a secondary tlb because the GRU secondary MMU has no knowledge about sptes and every secondary tlb miss event in the MMU always generates a page fault that has to be resolved by the CPU (this is not the case of KVM where the a secondary tlb miss will walk sptes in hardware and it will refill the secondary tlb transparently to software if the corresponding spte is present). The same way zap_page_range has to invalidate the pte before freeing the page, the spte (and secondary tlb) must also be invalidated before any page is freed and reused. Currently we take a page_count pin on every page mapped by sptes, but that means the pages can't be swapped whenever they're mapped by any spte because they're part of the guest working set. Furthermore a spte unmap event can immediately lead to a page to be freed when the pin is released (so requiring the same complex and relatively slow tlb_gather smp safe logic we have in zap_page_range and that can be avoided completely if the spte unmap event doesn't require an unpin of the page previously mapped in the secondary MMU). The mmu notifiers allow kvm/GRU/XPMEM to attach to the tsk->mm and know when the VM is swapping or freeing or doing anything on the primary MMU so that the secondary MMU code can drop sptes before the pages are freed, avoiding all page pinning and allowing 100% reliable swapping of guest physical address space. Furthermore it avoids the code that teardown the mappings of the secondary MMU, to implement a logic like tlb_gather in zap_page_range that would require many IPI to flush other cpu tlbs, for each fixed number of spte unmapped. To make an example: if what happens on the primary MMU is a protection downgrade (from writeable to wrprotect) the secondary MMU mappings will be invalidated, and the next secondary-mmu-page-fault will call get_user_pages and trigger a do_wp_page through get_user_pages if it called get_user_pages with write=1, and it'll re-establishing an updated spte or secondary-tlb-mapping on the copied page. Or it will setup a readonly spte or readonly tlb mapping if it's a guest-read, if it calls get_user_pages with write=0. This is just an example. This allows to map any page pointed by any pte (and in turn visible in the primary CPU MMU), into a secondary MMU (be it a pure tlb like GRU, or an full MMU with both sptes and secondary-tlb like the shadow-pagetable layer with kvm), or a remote DMA in software like XPMEM (hence needing of schedule in XPMEM code to send the invalidate to the remote node, while no need to schedule in kvm/gru as it's an immediate event like invalidating primary-mmu pte). At least for KVM without this patch it's impossible to swap guests reliably. And having this feature and removing the page pin allows several other optimizations that simplify life considerably. Dependencies: 1) mm_take_all_locks() to register the mmu notifier when the whole VM isn't doing anything with "mm". This allows mmu notifier users to keep track if the VM is in the middle of the invalidate_range_begin/end critical section with an atomic counter incraese in range_begin and decreased in range_end. No secondary MMU page fault is allowed to map any spte or secondary tlb reference, while the VM is in the middle of range_begin/end as any page returned by get_user_pages in that critical section could later immediately be freed without any further ->invalidate_page notification (invalidate_range_begin/end works on ranges and ->invalidate_page isn't called immediately before freeing the page). To stop all page freeing and pagetable overwrites the mmap_sem must be taken in write mode and all other anon_vma/i_mmap locks must be taken too. 2) It'd be a waste to add branches in the VM if nobody could possibly run KVM/GRU/XPMEM on the kernel, so mmu notifiers will only enabled if CONFIG_KVM=m/y. In the current kernel kvm won't yet take advantage of mmu notifiers, but this already allows to compile a KVM external module against a kernel with mmu notifiers enabled and from the next pull from kvm.git we'll start using them. And GRU/XPMEM will also be able to continue the development by enabling KVM=m in their config, until they submit all GRU/XPMEM GPLv2 code to the mainline kernel. Then they can also enable MMU_NOTIFIERS in the same way KVM does it (even if KVM=n). This guarantees nobody selects MMU_NOTIFIER=y if KVM and GRU and XPMEM are all =n. The mmu_notifier_register call can fail because mm_take_all_locks may be interrupted by a signal and return -EINTR. Because mmu_notifier_reigster is used when a driver startup, a failure can be gracefully handled. Here an example of the change applied to kvm to register the mmu notifiers. Usually when a driver startups other allocations are required anyway and -ENOMEM failure paths exists already. struct kvm *kvm_arch_create_vm(void) { struct kvm *kvm = kzalloc(sizeof(struct kvm), GFP_KERNEL); + int err; if (!kvm) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kvm->arch.active_mmu_pages); + kvm->arch.mmu_notifier.ops = &kvm_mmu_notifier_ops; + err = mmu_notifier_register(&kvm->arch.mmu_notifier, current->mm); + if (err) { + kfree(kvm); + return ERR_PTR(err); + } + return kvm; } mmu_notifier_unregister returns void and it's reliable. The patch also adds a few needed but missing includes that would prevent kernel to compile after these changes on non-x86 archs (x86 didn't need them by luck). [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix mm/filemap_xip.c build] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix mm/mmu_notifier.c build] Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@qumranet.com> Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Jack Steiner <steiner@sgi.com> Cc: Robin Holt <holt@sgi.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Kanoj Sarcar <kanojsarcar@yahoo.com> Cc: Roland Dreier <rdreier@cisco.com> Cc: Steve Wise <swise@opengridcomputing.com> Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Anthony Liguori <aliguori@us.ibm.com> Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <marcelo@kvack.org> Cc: Eric Dumazet <dada1@cosmosbay.com> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@us.ibm.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izike@qumranet.com> Cc: Anthony Liguori <aliguori@us.ibm.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-07-24mm: record MAP_NORESERVE status on vmas and fix small page mprotect reservationsAndy Whitcroft
With Mel's hugetlb private reservation support patches applied, strict overcommit semantics are applied to both shared and private huge page mappings. This can be a problem if an application relied on unlimited overcommit semantics for private mappings. An example of this would be an application which maps a huge area with the intention of using it very sparsely. These application would benefit from being able to opt-out of the strict overcommit. It should be noted that prior to hugetlb supporting demand faulting all mappings were fully populated and so applications of this type should be rare. This patch stack implements the MAP_NORESERVE mmap() flag for huge page mappings. This flag has the same meaning as for small page mappings, suppressing reservations for that mapping. Thanks to Mel Gorman for reviewing a number of early versions of these patches. This patch: When a small page mapping is created with mmap() reservations are created by default for any memory pages required. When the region is read/write the reservation is increased for every page, no reservation is needed for read-only regions (as they implicitly share the zero page). Reservations are tracked via the VM_ACCOUNT vma flag which is present when the region has reservation backing it. When we convert a region from read-only to read-write new reservations are aquired and VM_ACCOUNT is set. However, when a read-only map is created with MAP_NORESERVE it is indistinguishable from a normal mapping. When we then convert that to read/write we are forced to incorrectly create reservations for it as we have no record of the original MAP_NORESERVE. This patch introduces a new vma flag VM_NORESERVE which records the presence of the original MAP_NORESERVE flag. This allows us to distinguish these two circumstances and correctly account the reserve. As well as fixing this FIXME in the code, this makes it much easier to introduce MAP_NORESERVE support for huge pages as this flag is available consistantly for the life of the mapping. VM_ACCOUNT on the other hand is heavily used at the generic level in association with small pages. Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de> Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@googlemail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-07-15Merge commit '85082fd7cbe3173198aac0eb5e85ab1edcc6352c' into test-buildBenjamin Herrenschmidt
Manual fixup of: arch/powerpc/Kconfig
2008-07-09mm: Allow architectures to define additional protection bitsDave Kleikamp
This patch allows architectures to define functions to deal with additional protections bits for mmap() and mprotect(). arch_calc_vm_prot_bits() maps additonal protection bits to vm_flags arch_vm_get_page_prot() maps additional vm_flags to the vma's vm_page_prot arch_validate_prot() checks for valid values of the protection bits Note: vm_get_page_prot() is now pretty ugly, but the generated code should be identical for architectures that don't define additional protection bits. Signed-off-by: Dave Kleikamp <shaggy@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2008-06-25mm: add a ptep_modify_prot transaction abstractionJeremy Fitzhardinge
This patch adds an API for doing read-modify-write updates to a pte's protection bits which may race against hardware updates to the pte. After reading the pte, the hardware may asynchonously set the accessed or dirty bits on a pte, which would be lost when writing back the modified pte value. The existing technique to handle this race is to use ptep_get_and_clear() atomically fetch the old pte value and clear it in memory. This has the effect of marking the pte as non-present, which will prevent the hardware from updating its state. When the new value is written back, the pte will be present again, and the hardware can resume updating the access/dirty flags. When running in a virtualized environment, pagetable updates are relatively expensive, since they generally involve some trap into the hypervisor. To mitigate the cost of these updates, we tend to batch them. However, because of the atomic nature of ptep_get_and_clear(), it is inherently non-batchable. This new interface allows batching by giving the underlying implementation enough information to open a transaction between the read and write phases: ptep_modify_prot_start() returns the current pte value, and puts the pte entry into a state where either the hardware will not update the pte, or if it does, the updates will be preserved on commit. ptep_modify_prot_commit() writes back the updated pte, makes sure that any hardware updates made since ptep_modify_prot_start() are preserved. ptep_modify_prot_start() and _commit() must be exactly paired, and used while holding the appropriate pte lock. They do not protect against other software updates of the pte in any way. The current implementations of ptep_modify_prot_start and _commit are functionally unchanged from before: _start() uses ptep_get_and_clear() fetch the pte and zero the entry, preventing any hardware updates. _commit() simply writes the new pte value back knowing that the hardware has not updated the pte in the meantime. The only current user of this interface is mprotect Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy.fitzhardinge@citrix.com> Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-05-14mprotect: prevent alteration of the PAT bitsVenki Pallipadi
There is a defect in mprotect, which lets the user change the page cache type bits by-passing the kernel reserve_memtype and free_memtype wrappers. Fix the problem by not letting mprotect change the PAT bits. Signed-off-by: Venkatesh Pallipadi <venkatesh.pallipadi@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Suresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-23fix mprotect vma_wants_writenotify protHugh Dickins
Fix mprotect bug in recent commit 3ed75eb8f1cd89565966599c4f77d2edb086d5b0 (setup vma->vm_page_prot by vm_get_page_prot()): the vma_wants_writenotify case was setting the same prot as when not. Nothing wrong with the use of protection_map[] in mmap_region(), but use vm_get_page_prot() there too in the same ~VM_SHARED way. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Coly Li <coyli@suse.de> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-19setup vma->vm_page_prot by vm_get_page_prot()Coly Li
This patch uses vm_get_page_prot() to setup vma->vm_page_prot. Though inside vm_get_page_prot() the protection flags is AND with (VM_READ|VM_WRITE|VM_EXEC|VM_SHARED), it does not hurt correct code. Signed-off-by: Coly Li <coyli@suse.de> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-16flush icache before set_pte() on ia64: flush icache at set_pteKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
Current ia64 kernel flushes icache by lazy_mmu_prot_update() *after* set_pte(). This is too late. This patch removes lazy_mmu_prot_update and add modfied set_pte() for flushing if necessary. This patch flush icache of a page when new pte has exec bit. && new pte has present bit && new pte is user's page. && (old *ptep is not present || new pte's pfn is not same to old *ptep's ptn) && new pte's page has no Pg_arch_1 bit. Pg_arch_1 is set when a page is cache consistent. I think this condition checks are much easier to understand than considering "Where sync_icache_dcache() should be inserted ?". pte_user() for ia64 was removed by http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/6/12/67 as clean-up. So, I added it again. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19mm: variable length argument supportOllie Wild
Remove the arg+env limit of MAX_ARG_PAGES by copying the strings directly from the old mm into the new mm. We create the new mm before the binfmt code runs, and place the new stack at the very top of the address space. Once the binfmt code runs and figures out where the stack should be, we move it downwards. It is a bit peculiar in that we have one task with two mm's, one of which is inactive. [a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl: limit stack size] Signed-off-by: Ollie Wild <aaw@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> [bunk@stusta.de: unexport bprm_mm_init] Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2006-10-01[PATCH] paravirt: lazy mmu mode hooks.patchZachary Amsden
Implement lazy MMU update hooks which are SMP safe for both direct and shadow page tables. The idea is that PTE updates and page invalidations while in lazy mode can be batched into a single hypercall. We use this in VMI for shadow page table synchronization, and it is a win. It also can be used by PPC and for direct page tables on Xen. For SMP, the enter / leave must happen under protection of the page table locks for page tables which are being modified. This is because otherwise, you end up with stale state in the batched hypercall, which other CPUs can race ahead of. Doing this under the protection of the locks guarantees the synchronization is correct, and also means that spurious faults which are generated during this window by remote CPUs are properly handled, as the page fault handler must re-check the PTE under protection of the same lock. Signed-off-by: Zachary Amsden <zach@vmware.com> Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@xensource.com> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-09-26[PATCH] mm: optimize the new mprotect() code a bitPeter Zijlstra
mprotect() resets the page protections, which could result in extra write faults for those pages whose dirty state we track using write faults and are dirty already. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-09-26[PATCH] mm: tracking shared dirty pagesPeter Zijlstra
Tracking of dirty pages in shared writeable mmap()s. The idea is simple: write protect clean shared writeable pages, catch the write-fault, make writeable and set dirty. On page write-back clean all the PTE dirty bits and write protect them once again. The implementation is a tad harder, mainly because the default backing_dev_info capabilities were too loosely maintained. Hence it is not enough to test the backing_dev_info for cap_account_dirty. The current heuristic is as follows, a VMA is eligible when: - its shared writeable (vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED) - it is not a 'special' mapping (vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_INSERTPAGE)) == 0 - the backing_dev_info is cap_account_dirty mapping_cap_account_dirty(vma->vm_file->f_mapping) - f_op->mmap() didn't change the default page protection Page from remap_pfn_range() are explicitly excluded because their COW semantics are already horrid enough (see vm_normal_page() in do_wp_page()) and because they don't have a backing store anyway. mprotect() is taught about the new behaviour as well. However it overrides the last condition. Cleaning the pages on write-back is done with page_mkclean() a new rmap call. It can be called on any page, but is currently only implemented for mapped pages, if the page is found the be of a VMA that accounts dirty pages it will also wrprotect the PTE. Finally, in fs/buffers.c:try_to_free_buffers(); remove clear_page_dirty() from under ->private_lock. This seems to be safe, since ->private_lock is used to serialize access to the buffers, not the page itself. This is needed because clear_page_dirty() will call into page_mkclean() and would thereby violate locking order. [dhowells@redhat.com: Provide a page_mkclean() implementation for NOMMU] Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-06-23[PATCH] add page_mkwrite() vm_operations methodDavid Howells
Add a new VMA operation to notify a filesystem or other driver about the MMU generating a fault because userspace attempted to write to a page mapped through a read-only PTE. This facility permits the filesystem or driver to: (*) Implement storage allocation/reservation on attempted write, and so to deal with problems such as ENOSPC more gracefully (perhaps by generating SIGBUS). (*) Delay making the page writable until the contents have been written to a backing cache. This is useful for NFS/AFS when using FS-Cache/CacheFS. It permits the filesystem to have some guarantee about the state of the cache. (*) Account and limit number of dirty pages. This is one piece of the puzzle needed to make shared writable mapping work safely in FUSE. Needed by cachefs (Or is it cachefiles? Or fscache? <head spins>). At least four other groups have stated an interest in it or a desire to use the functionality it provides: FUSE, OCFS2, NTFS and JFFS2. Also, things like EXT3 really ought to use it to deal with the case of shared-writable mmap encountering ENOSPC before we permit the page to be dirtied. From: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> get_user_pages(.write=1, .force=1) can generate COW hits on read-only shared mappings, this patch traps those as mkpage_write candidates and fails to handle them the old way. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Miklos Szeredi <miklos@szeredi.hu> Cc: Joel Becker <Joel.Becker@oracle.com> Cc: Mark Fasheh <mark.fasheh@oracle.com> Cc: Anton Altaparmakov <aia21@cantab.net> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-06-23[PATCH] Swapless page migration: add R/W migration entriesChristoph Lameter
Implement read/write migration ptes We take the upper two swapfiles for the two types of migration ptes and define a series of macros in swapops.h. The VM is modified to handle the migration entries. migration entries can only be encountered when the page they are pointing to is locked. This limits the number of places one has to fix. We also check in copy_pte_range and in mprotect_pte_range() for migration ptes. We check for migration ptes in do_swap_cache and call a function that will then wait on the page lock. This allows us to effectively stop all accesses to apge. Migration entries are created by try_to_unmap if called for migration and removed by local functions in migrate.c From: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Several times while testing swapless page migration (I've no NUMA, just hacking it up to migrate recklessly while running load), I've hit the BUG_ON(!PageLocked(p)) in migration_entry_to_page. This comes from an orphaned migration entry, unrelated to the current correctly locked migration, but hit by remove_anon_migration_ptes as it checks an address in each vma of the anon_vma list. Such an orphan may be left behind if an earlier migration raced with fork: copy_one_pte can duplicate a migration entry from parent to child, after remove_anon_migration_ptes has checked the child vma, but before it has removed it from the parent vma. (If the process were later to fault on this orphaned entry, it would hit the same BUG from migration_entry_wait.) This could be fixed by locking anon_vma in copy_one_pte, but we'd rather not. There's no such problem with file pages, because vma_prio_tree_add adds child vma after parent vma, and the page table locking at each end is enough to serialize. Follow that example with anon_vma: add new vmas to the tail instead of the head. (There's no corresponding problem when inserting migration entries, because a missed pte will leave the page count and mapcount high, which is allowed for. And there's no corresponding problem when migrating via swap, because a leftover swap entry will be correctly faulted. But the swapless method has no refcounting of its entries.) From: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> pte_unmap_unlock() takes the pte pointer as an argument. From: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Several times while testing swapless page migration, gcc has tried to exec a pointer instead of a string: smells like COW mappings are not being properly write-protected on fork. The protection in copy_one_pte looks very convincing, until at last you realize that the second arg to make_migration_entry is a boolean "write", and SWP_MIGRATION_READ is 30. Anyway, it's better done like in change_pte_range, using is_write_migration_entry and make_migration_entry_read. From: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Remove unnecessary obfuscation from sys_swapon's range check on swap type, which blew up causing memory corruption once swapless migration made MAX_SWAPFILES no longer 2 ^ MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Acked-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@engr.sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> From: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-06-23[PATCH] likely cleanup: remove unlikely in sys_mprotect()Hua Zhong
With likely/unlikely profiling on my not-so-busy-typical-developmentsystem there are 5k misses vs 2k hits. So I guess we should remove the unlikely. Signed-off-by: Hua Zhong <hzhong@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-03-22[PATCH] Enable mprotect on huge pagesZhang, Yanmin
2.6.16-rc3 uses hugetlb on-demand paging, but it doesn_t support hugetlb mprotect. From: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au> Remove a test from the mprotect() path which checks that the mprotect()ed range on a hugepage VMA is hugepage aligned (yes, really, the sense of is_aligned_hugepage_range() is the opposite of what you'd guess :-/). In fact, we don't need this test. If the given addresses match the beginning/end of a hugepage VMA they must already be suitably aligned. If they don't, then mprotect_fixup() will attempt to split the VMA. The very first test in split_vma() will check for a badly aligned address on a hugepage VMA and return -EINVAL if necessary. From: "Chen, Kenneth W" <kenneth.w.chen@intel.com> On i386 and x86-64, pte flag _PAGE_PSE collides with _PAGE_PROTNONE. The identify of hugetlb pte is lost when changing page protection via mprotect. A page fault occurs later will trigger a bug check in huge_pte_alloc(). The fix is to always make new pte a hugetlb pte and also to clean up legacy code where _PAGE_PRESENT is forced on in the pre-faulting day. Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanmin <yanmin.zhang@intel.com> Cc: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com> Signed-off-by: Ken Chen <kenneth.w.chen@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@muc.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-11-22[PATCH] unpaged: private write VM_RESERVEDHugh Dickins
The PageReserved removal in 2.6.15-rc1 issued a "deprecated" message when you tried to mmap or mprotect MAP_PRIVATE PROT_WRITE a VM_RESERVED, and failed with -EACCES: because do_wp_page lacks the refinement to COW pages in those areas, nor do we expect to find anonymous pages in them; and it seemed just bloat to add code for handling such a peculiar case. But immediately it caused vbetool and ddcprobe (using lrmi) to fail. So revert the "deprecated" messages, letting mmap and mprotect succeed. But leave do_wp_page's BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_RESERVED) in place until we've added the code to do it right: so this particular patch is only good if the app doesn't really need to write to that private area. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-10-29[PATCH] mm: pte_offset_map_lock loopsHugh Dickins
Convert those common loops using page_table_lock on the outside and pte_offset_map within to use just pte_offset_map_lock within instead. These all hold mmap_sem (some exclusively, some not), so at no level can a page table be whipped away from beneath them. But whereas pte_alloc loops tested with the "atomic" pmd_present, these loops are testing with pmd_none, which on i386 PAE tests both lower and upper halves. That's now unsafe, so add a cast into pmd_none to test only the vital lower half: we lose a little sensitivity to a corrupt middle directory, but not enough to worry about. It appears that i386 and UML were the only architectures vulnerable in this way, and pgd and pud no problem. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-10-29[PATCH] core remove PageReservedNick Piggin
Remove PageReserved() calls from core code by tightening VM_RESERVED handling in mm/ to cover PageReserved functionality. PageReserved special casing is removed from get_page and put_page. All setting and clearing of PageReserved is retained, and it is now flagged in the page_alloc checks to help ensure we don't introduce any refcount based freeing of Reserved pages. MAP_PRIVATE, PROT_WRITE of VM_RESERVED regions is tentatively being deprecated. We never completely handled it correctly anyway, and is be reintroduced in future if required (Hugh has a proof of concept). Once PageReserved() calls are removed from kernel/power/swsusp.c, and all arch/ and driver code, the Set and Clear calls, and the PG_reserved bit can be trivially removed. Last real user of PageReserved is swsusp, which uses PageReserved to determine whether a struct page points to valid memory or not. This still needs to be addressed (a generic page_is_ram() should work). A last caveat: the ZERO_PAGE is now refcounted and managed with rmap (and thus mapcounted and count towards shared rss). These writes to the struct page could cause excessive cacheline bouncing on big systems. There are a number of ways this could be addressed if it is an issue. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Refcount bug fix for filemap_xip.c Signed-off-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-10-29[PATCH] mm: vm_stat_account unshackledHugh Dickins
The original vm_stat_account has fallen into disuse, with only one user, and only one user of vm_stat_unaccount. It's easier to keep track if we convert them all to __vm_stat_account, then free it from its __shackles. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-09-21[PATCH] mm: add a note about partially hardcoded VM_* flagsPaolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso
Hugh made me note this line for permission checking in mprotect(): if ((newflags & ~(newflags >> 4)) & 0xf) { after figuring out what's that about, I decided it's nasty enough. Btw Hugh itself didn't like the 0xf. We can safely change it to VM_READ|VM_WRITE|VM_EXEC because we never change VM_SHARED, so no need to check that. Signed-off-by: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-04-16Linux-2.6.12-rc2Linus Torvalds
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!