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2010-10-26mm/mempolicy.c: check return code of check_rangeVasiliy Kulikov
Function check_range may return ERR_PTR(...). Check for it. Signed-off-by: Vasiliy Kulikov <segooon@gmail.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-26mm: compaction: fix COMPACTPAGEFAILED countingMinchan Kim
Presently update_nr_listpages() doesn't have a role. That's because lists passed is always empty just after calling migrate_pages. The migrate_pages cleans up page list which have failed to migrate before returning by aaa994b3. [PATCH] page migration: handle freeing of pages in migrate_pages() Do not leave pages on the lists passed to migrate_pages(). Seems that we will not need any postprocessing of pages. This will simplify the handling of pages by the callers of migrate_pages(). At that time, we thought we don't need any postprocessing of pages. But the situation is changed. The compaction need to know the number of failed to migrate for COMPACTPAGEFAILED stat This patch makes new rule for caller of migrate_pages to call putback_lru_pages. So caller need to clean up the lists so it has a chance to postprocess the pages. [suggested by Christoph Lameter] Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Reviewed-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Reviewed-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-09mempolicy: reduce stack size of migrate_pages()KOSAKI Motohiro
migrate_pages() is using >500 bytes stack. Reduce it. mm/mempolicy.c: In function 'sys_migrate_pages': mm/mempolicy.c:1344: warning: the frame size of 528 bytes is larger than 512 bytes [akpm@linux-foundation.org: don't play with a might-be-NULL pointer] Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-09oom: select task from tasklist for mempolicy oomsDavid Rientjes
The oom killer presently kills current whenever there is no more memory free or reclaimable on its mempolicy's nodes. There is no guarantee that current is a memory-hogging task or that killing it will free any substantial amount of memory, however. In such situations, it is better to scan the tasklist for nodes that are allowed to allocate on current's set of nodes and kill the task with the highest badness() score. This ensures that the most memory-hogging task, or the one configured by the user with /proc/pid/oom_adj, is always selected in such scenarios. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-06-29mempolicy: fix dangling reference to tmpfs superblock mpolLee Schermerhorn
My patch to "Factor out duplicate put/frees in mpol_shared_policy_init() to a common return path"; and Dan Carpenter's fix thereto both left a dangling reference to the incoming tmpfs superblock mempolicy structure. A similar leak was introduced earlier when the nodemask was moved offstack to the scratch area despite the note in the comment block regarding the incoming ref. Move the remaining 'put of the incoming "mpol" to the common exit path to drop the reference. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Acked-by: Dan Carpenter <error27@gmail.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-26mempolicy: ERR_PTR dereference in mpol_shared_policy_init()Dan Carpenter
The original code called mpol_put(new) while "new" was an ERR_PTR. Signed-off-by: Dan Carpenter <error27@gmail.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-25mm: consider the entire user address space during node migrationGreg Thelen
Use mm->task_size instead of TASK_SIZE to ensure that the entire user address space is migrated. mm->task_size is independent of the calling task context. TASK SIZE may be dependant on the address space size of the calling process. Usage of TASK_SIZE can lead to partial address space migration if the calling process was 32 bit and the migrating process was 64 bit. Here is the test script used on 64 system with a 32 bit echo process: mount -t cgroup none /cgroup -o cpuset cd /cgroup mkdir 0 echo 1 > 0/cpuset.cpus echo 0 > 0/cpuset.mems echo 1 > 0/cpuset.memory_migrate mkdir 1 echo 1 > 1/cpuset.cpus echo 1 > 1/cpuset.mems echo 1 > 1/cpuset.memory_migrate echo $$ > 0/tasks 64_bit_process & pid=$! echo $pid > 1/tasks # This does not migrate all process pages without # this patch. If 64 bit echo is used or this patch is # applied, then the full address space of $pid is # migrated. To check memory migration, I watched: grep MemUsed /sys/devices/system/node/node*/meminfo Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-25cpuset,mm: fix no node to alloc memory when changing cpuset's memsMiao Xie
Before applying this patch, cpuset updates task->mems_allowed and mempolicy by setting all new bits in the nodemask first, and clearing all old unallowed bits later. But in the way, the allocator may find that there is no node to alloc memory. The reason is that cpuset rebinds the task's mempolicy, it cleans the nodes which the allocater can alloc pages on, for example: (mpol: mempolicy) task1 task1's mpol task2 alloc page 1 alloc on node0? NO 1 1 change mems from 1 to 0 1 rebind task1's mpol 0-1 set new bits 0 clear disallowed bits alloc on node1? NO 0 ... can't alloc page goto oom This patch fixes this problem by expanding the nodes range first(set newly allowed bits) and shrink it lazily(clear newly disallowed bits). So we use a variable to tell the write-side task that read-side task is reading nodemask, and the write-side task clears newly disallowed nodes after read-side task ends the current memory allocation. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix spello] Signed-off-by: Miao Xie <miaox@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: Ravikiran Thirumalai <kiran@scalex86.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-25mempolicy: restructure rebinding-mempolicy functionsMiao Xie
Nick Piggin reported that the allocator may see an empty nodemask when changing cpuset's mems[1]. It happens only on the kernel that do not do atomic nodemask_t stores. (MAX_NUMNODES > BITS_PER_LONG) But I found that there is also a problem on the kernel that can do atomic nodemask_t stores. The problem is that the allocator can't find a node to alloc page when changing cpuset's mems though there is a lot of free memory. The reason is like this: (mpol: mempolicy) task1 task1's mpol task2 alloc page 1 alloc on node0? NO 1 1 change mems from 1 to 0 1 rebind task1's mpol 0-1 set new bits 0 clear disallowed bits alloc on node1? NO 0 ... can't alloc page goto oom I can use the attached program reproduce it by the following step: # mkdir /dev/cpuset # mount -t cpuset cpuset /dev/cpuset # mkdir /dev/cpuset/1 # echo `cat /dev/cpuset/cpus` > /dev/cpuset/1/cpus # echo `cat /dev/cpuset/mems` > /dev/cpuset/1/mems # echo $$ > /dev/cpuset/1/tasks # numactl --membind=`cat /dev/cpuset/mems` ./cpuset_mem_hog <nr_tasks> & <nr_tasks> = max(nr_cpus - 1, 1) # killall -s SIGUSR1 cpuset_mem_hog # ./change_mems.sh several hours later, oom will happen though there is a lot of free memory. This patchset fixes this problem by expanding the nodes range first(set newly allowed bits) and shrink it lazily(clear newly disallowed bits). So we use a variable to tell the write-side task that read-side task is reading nodemask, and the write-side task clears newly disallowed nodes after read-side task ends the current memory allocation. This patch: In order to fix no node to alloc memory, when we want to update mempolicy and mems_allowed, we expand the set of nodes first (set all the newly nodes) and shrink the set of nodes lazily(clean disallowed nodes), But the mempolicy's rebind functions may breaks the expanding. So we restructure the mempolicy's rebind functions and split the rebind work to two steps, just like the update of cpuset's mems: The 1st step: expand the set of the mempolicy's nodes. The 2nd step: shrink the set of the mempolicy's nodes. It is used when there is no real lock to protect the mempolicy in the read-side. Otherwise we can do rebind work at once. In order to implement it, we define enum mpol_rebind_step { MPOL_REBIND_ONCE, MPOL_REBIND_STEP1, MPOL_REBIND_STEP2, MPOL_REBIND_NSTEP, }; If the mempolicy needn't be updated by two steps, we can pass MPOL_REBIND_ONCE to the rebind functions. Or we can pass MPOL_REBIND_STEP1 to do the first step of the rebind work and pass MPOL_REBIND_STEP2 to do the second step work. Besides that, it maybe long time between these two step and we have to release the lock that protects mempolicy and mems_allowed. If we hold the lock once again, we must check whether the current mempolicy is under the rebinding (the first step has been done) or not, because the task may alloc a new mempolicy when we don't hold the lock. So we defined the following flag to identify it: #define MPOL_F_REBINDING (1 << 2) The new functions will be used in the next patch. Signed-off-by: Miao Xie <miaox@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: Ravikiran Thirumalai <kiran@scalex86.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-25mempolicy: factor mpol_shared_policy_init() return pathsLee Schermerhorn
Factor out duplicate put/frees in mpol_shared_policy_init() to a common return path. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: Ravikiran Thirumalai <kiran@scalex86.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-25mempolicy: rename policy_types and cleanup initializationLee Schermerhorn
Rename 'policy_types[]' to 'policy_modes[]' to better match the array contents. Use designated intializer syntax for policy_modes[]. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: Ravikiran Thirumalai <kiran@scalex86.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-25mempolicy: lose unnecessary loop variable in mpol_parse_str()Lee Schermerhorn
We don't really need the extra variable 'i' in mpol_parse_str(). The only use is as the the loop variable. Then, it's assigned to 'mode'. Just use mode, and loose the 'uninitialized_var()' macro. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: Ravikiran Thirumalai <kiran@scalex86.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-25mempolicy: don't call mpol_set_nodemask() when no_contextLee Schermerhorn
No need to call mpol_set_nodemask() when we have no context for the mempolicy. This can occur when we're parsing a tmpfs 'mpol' mount option. Just save the raw nodemask in the mempolicy's w.user_nodemask member for use when a tmpfs/shmem file is created. mpol_shared_policy_init() will "contextualize" the policy for the new file based on the creating task's context. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: Ravikiran Thirumalai <kiran@scalex86.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-25mempolicy: remove redundant checkBob Liu
Lee's patch "mempolicy: use MPOL_PREFERRED for system-wide default policy" has made the MPOL_DEFAULT only used in the memory policy APIs. So, no need to check in __mpol_equal also. Also get rid of mpol_match_intent() and move its logic directly into __mpol_equal(). Signed-off-by: Bob Liu <lliubbo@gmail.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-25mempolicy: remove case MPOL_INTERLEAVE from policy_zonelist()Bob Liu
In policy_zonelist() mode MPOL_INTERLEAVE shouldn't happen, so fall through to BUG() instead of break to return. I also fixed the comment. Signed-off-by: Bob Liu <lliubbo@gmail.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-25mempolicy: remove redundant codeBob Liu
1. In funtion is_valid_nodemask(), varibable k will be inited to 0 in the following loop, needn't init to policy_zone anymore. 2. (MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES | MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) has already defined to MPOL_MODE_FLAGS in mempolicy.h. Signed-off-by: Bob Liu <lliubbo@gmail.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking ↵Tejun Heo
implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2010-03-24mempolicy: fix get_mempolicy() for relative and static nodesLee Schermerhorn
Discovered while testing other mempolicy changes: get_mempolicy() does not handle static/relative mode flags correctly. Return the value that the user specified so that it can be restored via set_mempolicy() if desired. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: Ravikiran Thirumalai <kiran@scalex86.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-24tmpfs: cleanup mpol_parse_str()KOSAKI Motohiro
mpol_parse_str() made lots 'err' variable related bug. Because it is ugly and reviewing unfriendly. This patch simplifies it. Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Ravikiran Thirumalai <kiran@scalex86.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Acked-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-24tmpfs: handle MPOL_LOCAL mount option properlyKOSAKI Motohiro
commit 71fe804b6d5 (mempolicy: use struct mempolicy pointer in shmem_sb_info) added mpol=local mount option. but its feature is broken since it was born. because such code always return 1 (i.e. mount failure). This patch fixes it. Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Ravikiran Thirumalai <kiran@scalex86.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Acked-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-24tmpfs: mpol=bind:0 don't cause mount error.KOSAKI Motohiro
Currently, following mount operation cause mount error. % mount -t tmpfs -ompol=bind:0 none /tmp Because commit 71fe804b6d5 (mempolicy: use struct mempolicy pointer in shmem_sb_info) corrupted MPOL_BIND parse code. This patch restore the needed one. Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Ravikiran Thirumalai <kiran@scalex86.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Acked-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-24tmpfs: fix oops on mounts with mpol=defaultRavikiran G Thirumalai
Fix an 'oops' when a tmpfs mount point is mounted with the mpol=default mempolicy. Upon remounting a tmpfs mount point with 'mpol=default' option, the mount code crashed with a null pointer dereference. The initial problem report was on 2.6.27, but the problem exists in mainline 2.6.34-rc as well. On examining the code, we see that mpol_new returns NULL if default mempolicy was requested. This 'NULL' mempolicy is accessed to store the node mask resulting in oops. The following patch fixes it. Signed-off-by: Ravikiran Thirumalai <kiran@scalex86.org> Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Acked-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-13Merge branch 'core-fixes-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip * 'core-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: locking: Make sparse work with inline spinlocks and rwlocks x86/mce: Fix RCU lockdep splats rcu: Increase RCU CPU stall timeouts if PROVE_RCU ftrace: Replace read_barrier_depends() with rcu_dereference_raw() rcu: Suppress RCU lockdep warnings during early boot rcu, ftrace: Fix RCU lockdep splat in ftrace_perf_buf_prepare() rcu: Suppress __mpol_dup() false positive from RCU lockdep rcu: Make rcu_read_lock_sched_held() handle !PREEMPT rcu: Add control variables to lockdep_rcu_dereference() diagnostics rcu, cgroup: Relax the check in task_subsys_state() as early boot is now handled by lockdep-RCU rcu: Use wrapper function instead of exporting tasklist_lock sched, rcu: Fix rcu_dereference() for RCU-lockdep rcu: Make task_subsys_state() RCU-lockdep checks handle boot-time use rcu: Fix holdoff for accelerated GPs for last non-dynticked CPU x86/gart: Unexport gart_iommu_aperture Fix trivial conflicts in kernel/trace/ftrace.c
2010-03-06mm/mempolicy.c: fix indentation of the comments of do_migrate_pagesKOSAKI Motohiro
Currently, do_migrate_pages() have very long comment and this is not indent properly. I often misunderstand it is function starting commnents and confused it. this patch fixes it. note: this patch doesn't break 80 column rule. I guess original author intended this indentaion, but an accident corrupted it. Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-06mm: fix mbind vma merge problemKOSAKI Motohiro
Strangely, current mbind() doesn't merge vma with neighbor vma although it's possible. Unfortunately, many vma can reduce performance... This patch fixes it. reproduced program ---------------------------------------------------------------- #include <numaif.h> #include <numa.h> #include <sys/mman.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <string.h> static unsigned long pagesize; int main(int argc, char** argv) { void* addr; int ch; int node; struct bitmask *nmask = numa_allocate_nodemask(); int err; int node_set = 0; char buf[128]; while ((ch = getopt(argc, argv, "n:")) != -1){ switch (ch){ case 'n': node = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0); numa_bitmask_setbit(nmask, node); node_set = 1; break; default: ; } } argc -= optind; argv += optind; if (!node_set) numa_bitmask_setbit(nmask, 0); pagesize = getpagesize(); addr = mmap(NULL, pagesize*3, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_ANON|MAP_PRIVATE, 0, 0); if (addr == MAP_FAILED) perror("mmap "), exit(1); fprintf(stderr, "pid = %d \n" "addr = %p\n", getpid(), addr); /* make page populate */ memset(addr, 0, pagesize*3); /* first mbind */ err = mbind(addr+pagesize, pagesize, MPOL_BIND, nmask->maskp, nmask->size, MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL); if (err) error("mbind1 "); /* second mbind */ err = mbind(addr, pagesize*3, MPOL_DEFAULT, NULL, 0, 0); if (err) error("mbind2 "); sprintf(buf, "cat /proc/%d/maps", getpid()); system(buf); return 0; } ---------------------------------------------------------------- result without this patch addr = 0x7fe26ef09000 [snip] 7fe26ef09000-7fe26ef0a000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0 7fe26ef0a000-7fe26ef0b000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0 7fe26ef0b000-7fe26ef0c000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0 7fe26ef0c000-7fe26ef0d000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0 => 0x7fe26ef09000-0x7fe26ef0c000 have three vmas. result with this patch addr = 0x7fc9ebc76000 [snip] 7fc9ebc76000-7fc9ebc7a000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0 7fffbe690000-7fffbe6a5000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0 [stack] => 0x7fc9ebc76000-0x7fc9ebc7a000 have only one vma. [minchan.kim@gmail.com: fix file offset passed to vma_merge()] Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-04rcu: Suppress __mpol_dup() false positive from RCU lockdepPaul E. McKenney
Common code is used during task creation and after the task has started running. RCU protection is not needed during task creation because no other CPU has access to the under-construction task. Provide the RCU protection anyway to suppress the false positive, as there does not appear to be a good way for the common code to recognize that the task is only accessible to the CPU creating it. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com> Cc: laijs@cn.fujitsu.com Cc: dipankar@in.ibm.com Cc: mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca Cc: josh@joshtriplett.org Cc: dvhltc@us.ibm.com Cc: niv@us.ibm.com Cc: peterz@infradead.org Cc: rostedt@goodmis.org Cc: Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu Cc: dhowells@redhat.com LKML-Reference: <1267667418-32233-2-git-send-email-paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-12-15ksm: memory hotremove migration onlyHugh Dickins
The previous patch enables page migration of ksm pages, but that soon gets into trouble: not surprising, since we're using the ksm page lock to lock operations on its stable_node, but page migration switches the page whose lock is to be used for that. Another layer of locking would fix it, but do we need that yet? Do we actually need page migration of ksm pages? Yes, memory hotremove needs to offline sections of memory: and since we stopped allocating ksm pages with GFP_HIGHUSER, they will tend to be GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE candidates for migration. But KSM is currently unconscious of NUMA issues, happily merging pages from different NUMA nodes: at present the rule must be, not to use MADV_MERGEABLE where you care about NUMA. So no, NUMA page migration of ksm pages does not make sense yet. So, to complete support for ksm swapping we need to make hotremove safe. ksm_memory_callback() take ksm_thread_mutex when MEM_GOING_OFFLINE and release it when MEM_OFFLINE or MEM_CANCEL_OFFLINE. But if mapped pages are freed before migration reaches them, stable_nodes may be left still pointing to struct pages which have been removed from the system: the stable_node needs to identify a page by pfn rather than page pointer, then it can safely prune them when MEM_OFFLINE. And make NUMA migration skip PageKsm pages where it skips PageReserved. But it's only when we reach unmap_and_move() that the page lock is taken and we can be sure that raised pagecount has prevented a PageAnon from being upgraded: so add offlining arg to migrate_pages(), to migrate ksm page when offlining (has sufficient locking) but reject it otherwise. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-15hugetlb: derive huge pages nodes allowed from task mempolicyLee Schermerhorn
This patch derives a "nodes_allowed" node mask from the numa mempolicy of the task modifying the number of persistent huge pages to control the allocation, freeing and adjusting of surplus huge pages when the pool page count is modified via the new sysctl or sysfs attribute "nr_hugepages_mempolicy". The nodes_allowed mask is derived as follows: * For "default" [NULL] task mempolicy, a NULL nodemask_t pointer is produced. This will cause the hugetlb subsystem to use node_online_map as the "nodes_allowed". This preserves the behavior before this patch. * For "preferred" mempolicy, including explicit local allocation, a nodemask with the single preferred node will be produced. "local" policy will NOT track any internode migrations of the task adjusting nr_hugepages. * For "bind" and "interleave" policy, the mempolicy's nodemask will be used. * Other than to inform the construction of the nodes_allowed node mask, the actual mempolicy mode is ignored. That is, all modes behave like interleave over the resulting nodes_allowed mask with no "fallback". See the updated documentation [next patch] for more information about the implications of this patch. Examples: Starting with: Node 0 HugePages_Total: 0 Node 1 HugePages_Total: 0 Node 2 HugePages_Total: 0 Node 3 HugePages_Total: 0 Default behavior [with or without this patch] balances persistent hugepage allocation across nodes [with sufficient contiguous memory]: sysctl vm.nr_hugepages[_mempolicy]=32 yields: Node 0 HugePages_Total: 8 Node 1 HugePages_Total: 8 Node 2 HugePages_Total: 8 Node 3 HugePages_Total: 8 Of course, we only have nr_hugepages_mempolicy with the patch, but with default mempolicy, nr_hugepages_mempolicy behaves the same as nr_hugepages. Applying mempolicy--e.g., with numactl [using '-m' a.k.a. '--membind' because it allows multiple nodes to be specified and it's easy to type]--we can allocate huge pages on individual nodes or sets of nodes. So, starting from the condition above, with 8 huge pages per node, add 8 more to node 2 using: numactl -m 2 sysctl vm.nr_hugepages_mempolicy=40 This yields: Node 0 HugePages_Total: 8 Node 1 HugePages_Total: 8 Node 2 HugePages_Total: 16 Node 3 HugePages_Total: 8 The incremental 8 huge pages were restricted to node 2 by the specified mempolicy. Similarly, we can use mempolicy to free persistent huge pages from specified nodes: numactl -m 0,1 sysctl vm.nr_hugepages_mempolicy=32 yields: Node 0 HugePages_Total: 4 Node 1 HugePages_Total: 4 Node 2 HugePages_Total: 16 Node 3 HugePages_Total: 8 The 8 huge pages freed were balanced over nodes 0 and 1. [rientjes@google.com: accomodate reworked NODEMASK_ALLOC] Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com> Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com> Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com> Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-15mm: move inc_zone_page_state(NR_ISOLATED) to just isolated placeKOSAKI Motohiro
Christoph pointed out inc_zone_page_state(NR_ISOLATED) should be placed in right after isolate_page(). This patch does it. Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-10-29do_mbind(): fix memory leakKOSAKI Motohiro
If migrate_prep is failed, new variable is leaked. This patch fixes it. Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-10-29mbind(): fix leak of never putback pagesKOSAKI Motohiro
If mbind() receives an invalid address, do_mbind leaks a page. The following test program detects this leak. This patch fixes it. migrate_efault.c ======================================= #include <numaif.h> #include <numa.h> #include <sys/mman.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <string.h> static unsigned long pagesize; static void* make_hole_mapping(void) { void* addr; addr = mmap(NULL, pagesize*3, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_ANON|MAP_PRIVATE, 0, 0); if (addr == MAP_FAILED) return NULL; /* make page populate */ memset(addr, 0, pagesize*3); /* make memory hole */ munmap(addr+pagesize, pagesize); return addr; } int main(int argc, char** argv) { void* addr; int ch; int node; struct bitmask *nmask = numa_allocate_nodemask(); int err; int node_set = 0; while ((ch = getopt(argc, argv, "n:")) != -1){ switch (ch){ case 'n': node = strtol(optarg, NULL, 0); numa_bitmask_setbit(nmask, node); node_set = 1; break; default: ; } } argc -= optind; argv += optind; if (!node_set) numa_bitmask_setbit(nmask, 0); pagesize = getpagesize(); addr = make_hole_mapping(); err = mbind(addr, pagesize*3, MPOL_BIND, nmask->maskp, nmask->size, MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL); if (err) perror("mbind "); return 0; } ======================================= Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-08-07mm: make set_mempolicy(MPOL_INTERLEAV) N_HIGH_MEMORY awareKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
At first, init_task's mems_allowed is initialized as this. init_task->mems_allowed == node_state[N_POSSIBLE] And cpuset's top_cpuset mask is initialized as this top_cpuset->mems_allowed = node_state[N_HIGH_MEMORY] Before 2.6.29: policy's mems_allowed is initialized as this. 1. update tasks->mems_allowed by its cpuset->mems_allowed. 2. policy->mems_allowed = nodes_and(tasks->mems_allowed, user's mask) Updating task's mems_allowed in reference to top_cpuset's one. cpuset's mems_allowed is aware of N_HIGH_MEMORY, always. In 2.6.30: After commit 58568d2a8215cb6f55caf2332017d7bdff954e1c ("cpuset,mm: update tasks' mems_allowed in time"), policy's mems_allowed is initialized as this. 1. policy->mems_allowd = nodes_and(task->mems_allowed, user's mask) Here, if task is in top_cpuset, task->mems_allowed is not updated from init's one. Assume user excutes command as #numactrl --interleave=all ,.... policy->mems_allowd = nodes_and(N_POSSIBLE, ALL_SET_MASK) Then, policy's mems_allowd can includes a possible node, which has no pgdat. MPOL's INTERLEAVE just scans nodemask of task->mems_allowd and access this directly. NODE_DATA(nid)->zonelist even if NODE_DATA(nid)==NULL Then, what's we need is making policy->mems_allowed be aware of N_HIGH_MEMORY. This patch does that. But to do so, extra nodemask will be on statck. Because I know cpumask has a new interface of CPUMASK_ALLOC(), I added it to node. This patch stands on old behavior. But I feel this fix itself is just a Band-Aid. But to do fundametal fix, we have to take care of memory hotplug and it takes time. (task->mems_allowd should be N_HIGH_MEMORY, I think.) mpol_set_nodemask() should be aware of N_HIGH_MEMORY and policy's nodemask should be includes only online nodes. In old behavior, this is guaranteed by frequent reference to cpuset's code. Now, most of them are removed and mempolicy has to check it by itself. To do check, a few nodemask_t will be used for calculating nodemask. But, size of nodemask_t can be big and it's not good to allocate them on stack. Now, cpumask_t has CPUMASK_ALLOC/FREE an easy code for get scratch area. NODEMASK_ALLOC/FREE shoudl be there. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanups & tweaks] Tested-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Miao Xie <miaox@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-06-16page allocator: do not check NUMA node ID when the caller knows the node is ↵Mel Gorman
valid Callers of alloc_pages_node() can optionally specify -1 as a node to mean "allocate from the current node". However, a number of the callers in fast paths know for a fact their node is valid. To avoid a comparison and branch, this patch adds alloc_pages_exact_node() that only checks the nid with VM_BUG_ON(). Callers that know their node is valid are then converted. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Acked-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> [for the SLOB NUMA bits] Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-06-16cpuset,mm: update tasks' mems_allowed in timeMiao Xie
Fix allocating page cache/slab object on the unallowed node when memory spread is set by updating tasks' mems_allowed after its cpuset's mems is changed. In order to update tasks' mems_allowed in time, we must modify the code of memory policy. Because the memory policy is applied in the process's context originally. After applying this patch, one task directly manipulates anothers mems_allowed, and we use alloc_lock in the task_struct to protect mems_allowed and memory policy of the task. But in the fast path, we didn't use lock to protect them, because adding a lock may lead to performance regression. But if we don't add a lock,the task might see no nodes when changing cpuset's mems_allowed to some non-overlapping set. In order to avoid it, we set all new allowed nodes, then clear newly disallowed ones. [lee.schermerhorn@hp.com: The rework of mpol_new() to extract the adjusting of the node mask to apply cpuset and mpol flags "context" breaks set_mempolicy() and mbind() with MPOL_PREFERRED and a NULL nodemask--i.e., explicit local allocation. Fix this by adding the check for MPOL_PREFERRED and empty node mask to mpol_new_mpolicy(). Remove the now unneeded 'nodes = NULL' from mpol_new(). Note that mpol_new_mempolicy() is always called with a non-NULL 'nodes' parameter now that it has been removed from mpol_new(). Therefore, we don't need to test nodes for NULL before testing it for 'empty'. However, just to be extra paranoid, add a VM_BUG_ON() to verify this assumption.] [lee.schermerhorn@hp.com: I don't think the function name 'mpol_new_mempolicy' is descriptive enough to differentiate it from mpol_new(). This function applies cpuset set context, usually constraining nodes to those allowed by the cpuset. However, when the 'RELATIVE_NODES flag is set, it also translates the nodes. So I settled on 'mpol_set_nodemask()', because the comment block for mpol_new() mentions that we need to call this function to "set nodes". Some additional minor line length, whitespace and typo cleanup.] Signed-off-by: Miao Xie <miaox@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-01-14[CVE-2009-0029] System call wrappers part 28Heiko Carstens
Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
2008-11-14Merge branch 'master' into nextJames Morris
Conflicts: security/keys/internal.h security/keys/process_keys.c security/keys/request_key.c Fixed conflicts above by using the non 'tsk' versions. Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
2008-11-14CRED: Use RCU to access another task's creds and to release a task's own credsDavid Howells
Use RCU to access another task's creds and to release a task's own creds. This means that it will be possible for the credentials of a task to be replaced without another task (a) requiring a full lock to read them, and (b) seeing deallocated memory. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
2008-11-14CRED: Separate task security context from task_structDavid Howells
Separate the task security context from task_struct. At this point, the security data is temporarily embedded in the task_struct with two pointers pointing to it. Note that the Alpha arch is altered as it refers to (E)UID and (E)GID in entry.S via asm-offsets. With comment fixes Signed-off-by: Marc Dionne <marc.c.dionne@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
2008-11-14CRED: Wrap task credential accesses in the core kernelDavid Howells
Wrap access to task credentials so that they can be separated more easily from the task_struct during the introduction of COW creds. Change most current->(|e|s|fs)[ug]id to current_(|e|s|fs)[ug]id(). Change some task->e?[ug]id to task_e?[ug]id(). In some places it makes more sense to use RCU directly rather than a convenient wrapper; these will be addressed by later patches. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: linux-audit@redhat.com Cc: containers@lists.linux-foundation.org Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
2008-11-06mm: move migrate_prep out from under mmap_semChristoph Lameter
Move the migrate_prep outside the mmap_sem for the following system calls 1. sys_move_pages 2. sys_migrate_pages 3. sys_mbind() It really does not matter when we flush the lru. The system is free to add pages onto the lru even during migration which will make the page migration either skip the page (mbind, migrate_pages) or return a busy state (move_pages). Fixes this lockdep warning (and potential deadlock): Some VM place has mmap_sem -> kevent_wq via lru_add_drain_all() net/core/dev.c::dev_ioctl() has rtnl_lock -> mmap_sem (*) the ioctl has copy_from_user() and it can do page fault. linkwatch_event has kevent_wq -> rtnl_lock Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Reported-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20Unevictable LRU InfrastructureLee Schermerhorn
When the system contains lots of mlocked or otherwise unevictable pages, the pageout code (kswapd) can spend lots of time scanning over these pages. Worse still, the presence of lots of unevictable pages can confuse kswapd into thinking that more aggressive pageout modes are required, resulting in all kinds of bad behaviour. Infrastructure to manage pages excluded from reclaim--i.e., hidden from vmscan. Based on a patch by Larry Woodman of Red Hat. Reworked to maintain "unevictable" pages on a separate per-zone LRU list, to "hide" them from vmscan. Kosaki Motohiro added the support for the memory controller unevictable lru list. Pages on the unevictable list have both PG_unevictable and PG_lru set. Thus, PG_unevictable is analogous to and mutually exclusive with PG_active--it specifies which LRU list the page is on. The unevictable infrastructure is enabled by a new mm Kconfig option [CONFIG_]UNEVICTABLE_LRU. A new function 'page_evictable(page, vma)' in vmscan.c tests whether or not a page may be evictable. Subsequent patches will add the various !evictable tests. We'll want to keep these tests light-weight for use in shrink_active_list() and, possibly, the fault path. To avoid races between tasks putting pages [back] onto an LRU list and tasks that might be moving the page from non-evictable to evictable state, the new function 'putback_lru_page()' -- inverse to 'isolate_lru_page()' -- tests the "evictability" of a page after placing it on the LRU, before dropping the reference. If the page has become unevictable, putback_lru_page() will redo the 'putback', thus moving the page to the unevictable list. This way, we avoid "stranding" evictable pages on the unevictable list. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix fallout from out-of-order merge] [riel@redhat.com: fix UNEVICTABLE_LRU and !PROC_PAGE_MONITOR build] [nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp: remove redundant mapping check] [kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com: unevictable-lru-infrastructure: putback_lru_page()/unevictable page handling rework] [kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com: kill unnecessary lock_page() in vmscan.c] [kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com: revert migration change of unevictable lru infrastructure] [kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com: revert to unevictable-lru-infrastructure-kconfig-fix.patch] [kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com: restore patch failure of vmstat-unevictable-and-mlocked-pages-vm-events.patch] Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Debugged-by: Benjamin Kidwell <benjkidwell@yahoo.com> Signed-off-by: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20vmscan: move isolate_lru_page() to vmscan.cNick Piggin
On large memory systems, the VM can spend way too much time scanning through pages that it cannot (or should not) evict from memory. Not only does it use up CPU time, but it also provokes lock contention and can leave large systems under memory presure in a catatonic state. This patch series improves VM scalability by: 1) putting filesystem backed, swap backed and unevictable pages onto their own LRUs, so the system only scans the pages that it can/should evict from memory 2) switching to two handed clock replacement for the anonymous LRUs, so the number of pages that need to be scanned when the system starts swapping is bound to a reasonable number 3) keeping unevictable pages off the LRU completely, so the VM does not waste CPU time scanning them. ramfs, ramdisk, SHM_LOCKED shared memory segments and mlock()ed VMA pages are keept on the unevictable list. This patch: isolate_lru_page logically belongs to be in vmscan.c than migrate.c. It is tough, because we don't need that function without memory migration so there is a valid argument to have it in migrate.c. However a subsequent patch needs to make use of it in the core mm, so we can happily move it to vmscan.c. Also, make the function a little more generic by not requiring that it adds an isolated page to a given list. Callers can do that. Note that we now have '__isolate_lru_page()', that does something quite different, visible outside of vmscan.c for use with memory controller. Methinks we need to rationalize these names/purposes. --lts [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix mm/memory_hotplug.c build] Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-08-12do_migrate_pages(): remove unused variableMinChan Kim
Signed-off-by: MinChan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-07-24hugetlb: modular state for hugetlb page sizeAndi Kleen
The goal of this patchset is to support multiple hugetlb page sizes. This is achieved by introducing a new struct hstate structure, which encapsulates the important hugetlb state and constants (eg. huge page size, number of huge pages currently allocated, etc). The hstate structure is then passed around the code which requires these fields, they will do the right thing regardless of the exact hstate they are operating on. This patch adds the hstate structure, with a single global instance of it (default_hstate), and does the basic work of converting hugetlb to use the hstate. Future patches will add more hstate structures to allow for different hugetlbfs mounts to have different page sizes. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Acked-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com> Acked-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-07-04mempolicy: mask off internal flags for userspace APIDavid Rientjes
Flags considered internal to the mempolicy kernel code are stored as part of the "flags" member of struct mempolicy. Before exposing a policy type to userspace via get_mempolicy(), these internal flags must be masked. Flags exposed to userspace, however, should still be returned to the user. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: use struct mempolicy pointer in shmem_sb_infoLee Schermerhorn
This patch replaces the mempolicy mode, mode_flags, and nodemask in the shmem_sb_info struct with a struct mempolicy pointer, initialized to NULL. This removes dependency on the details of mempolicy from shmem.c and hugetlbfs inode.c and simplifies the interfaces. mpol_parse_str() in mempolicy.c is changed to return, via a pointer to a pointer arg, a struct mempolicy pointer on success. For MPOL_DEFAULT, the returned pointer is NULL. Further, mpol_parse_str() now takes a 'no_context' argument that causes the input nodemask to be stored in the w.user_nodemask of the created mempolicy for use when the mempolicy is installed in a tmpfs inode shared policy tree. At that time, any cpuset contextualization is applied to the original input nodemask. This preserves the previous behavior where the input nodemask was stored in the superblock. We can think of the returned mempolicy as "context free". Because mpol_parse_str() is now calling mpol_new(), we can remove from mpol_to_str() the semantic checks that mpol_new() already performs. Add 'no_context' parameter to mpol_to_str() to specify that it should format the nodemask in w.user_nodemask for 'bind' and 'interleave' policies. Change mpol_shared_policy_init() to take a pointer to a "context free" struct mempolicy and to create a new, "contextualized" mempolicy using the mode, mode_flags and user_nodemask from the input mempolicy. Note: we know that the mempolicy passed to mpol_to_str() or mpol_shared_policy_init() from a tmpfs superblock is "context free". This is currently the only instance thereof. However, if we found more uses for this concept, and introduced any ambiguity as to whether a mempolicy was context free or not, we could add another internal mode flag to identify context free mempolicies. Then, we could remove the 'no_context' argument from mpol_to_str(). Added shmem_get_sbmpol() to return a reference counted superblock mempolicy, if one exists, to pass to mpol_shared_policy_init(). We must add the reference under the sb stat_lock to prevent races with replacement of the mpol by remount. This reference is removed in mpol_shared_policy_init(). [akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fix] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: another build fix] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: yet another build fix] Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: support mpol=local tmpfs mount optionLee Schermerhorn
For tmpfs/shmem shared policies, MPOL_DEFAULT is not necessarily equivalent to "local allocation". Because shared policies are at the same "scope" level [see Documentation/vm/numa_memory_policy.txt], as vma policies MPOL_DEFAULT means "fall back to current task policy". This patch extends the memory policy string parsing function to display "local" for MPOL_PREFERRED + MPOL_F_LOCAL. This allows one to specify local allocation as the default policy for shared memory areas via the tmpfs mpol mount option, regardless of the current task's policy. Also, "local" is now displayed for this policy. This patch allows us to accept the same input format as the display. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: rework shmem mpol parsing and displayLee Schermerhorn
mm/shmem.c currently contains functions to parse and display memory policy strings for the tmpfs 'mpol' mount option. Move this to mm/mempolicy.c with the rest of the mempolicy support. With subsequent patches, we'll be able to remove knowledge of the details [mode, flags, policy, ...] completely from shmem.c 1) replace shmem_parse_mpol() in mm/shmem.c with mpol_parse_str() in mm/mempolicy.c. Rework to use the policy_types[] array [used by mpol_to_str()] to look up mode by name. 2) use mpol_to_str() to format policy for shmem_show_mpol(). mpol_to_str() expects a pointer to a struct mempolicy, so temporarily construct one. This will be replaced with a reference to a struct mempolicy in the tmpfs superblock in a subsequent patch. NOTE 1: I changed mpol_to_str() to use a colon ':' rather than an equal sign '=' as the nodemask delimiter to match mpol_parse_str() and the tmpfs/shmem mpol mount option formatting that now uses mpol_to_str(). This is a user visible change to numa_maps, but then the addition of the mode flags already changed the display. It makes sense to me to have the mounts and numa_maps display the policy in the same format. However, if anyone objects strongly, I can pass the desired nodemask delimeter as an arg to mpol_to_str(). Note 2: Like show_numa_map(), I don't check the return code from mpol_to_str(). I do use a longer buffer than the one provided by show_numa_map(), which seems to have sufficed so far. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: clean-up mpol-to-str() mempolicy formattingLee Schermerhorn
mpol-to-str() formats memory policies into printable strings. Currently this is only used to display "numa_maps". A subsequent patch will use mpol_to_str() for formatting tmpfs [shmem] mpol mount options, allowing us to remove essentially duplicate code in mm/shmem.c. This patch cleans up mpol_to_str() generally and in preparation for that patch. 1) show_numa_maps() is not checking the return code from mpol_to_str(). There's not a lot we can do in this context if mpol_to_str() did return the error [insufficient space in buffer]. Proposed "solution": just check, under DEBUG_VM, that callers are providing sufficient buffer space for the policy, flags, and a few nodes. This way, we'll get some display. show_numa_maps() is providing a 50-byte buffer, so it won't trip this check. 50-bytes should be sufficient unless one has a large number of nodes in a very sparse nodemask. 2) The display of the new mode flags ["static" & "relative"] was set up to display multiple flags, separated by a "bar" '|'. However, this support is incomplete--e.g., need_bar was never incremented; and currently, these two flags are mutually exclusive. So remove the "bar" support, for now, and only display one flag. 3) Use snprint() to format flags, so as not to overflow the buffer. Not that it's ever happed, AFAIK. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: use MPOL_F_LOCAL to Indicate Preferred Local PolicyLee Schermerhorn
Now that we're using "preferred local" policy for system default, we need to make this as fast as possible. Because of the variable size of the mempolicy structure [based on size of nodemasks], the preferred_node may be in a different cacheline from the mode. This can result in accessing an extra cacheline in the normal case of system default policy. Suspect this is the cause of an observed 2-3% slowdown in page fault testing relative to kernel without this patch series. To alleviate this, use an internal mode flag, MPOL_F_LOCAL in the mempolicy flags member which is guaranteed [?] to be in the same cacheline as the mode itself. Verified that reworked mempolicy now performs slightly better on 25-rc8-mm1 for both anon and shmem segments with system default and vma [preferred local] policy. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>