aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/lib
AgeCommit message (Collapse)Author
2012-11-09Merge branch 'drbd-8.4_ed6' into for-3.8-drivers-drbd-8.4_ed6Philipp Reisner
2012-10-25genalloc: stop crashing the system when destroying a poolThadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo
The genalloc code uses the bitmap API from include/linux/bitmap.h and lib/bitmap.c, which is based on long values. Both bitmap_set from lib/bitmap.c and bitmap_set_ll, which is the lockless version from genalloc.c, use BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK to set the first bits in a long in the bitmap. That one uses (1 << bits) - 1, 0b111, if you are setting the first three bits. This means that the API counts from the least significant bits (LSB from now on) to the MSB. The LSB in the first long is bit 0, then. The same works for the lookup functions. The genalloc code uses longs for the bitmap, as it should. In include/linux/genalloc.h, struct gen_pool_chunk has unsigned long bits[0] as its last member. When allocating the struct, genalloc should reserve enough space for the bitmap. This should be a proper number of longs that can fit the amount of bits in the bitmap. However, genalloc allocates an integer number of bytes that fit the amount of bits, but may not be an integer amount of longs. 9 bytes, for example, could be allocated for 70 bits. This is a problem in itself if the Least Significat Bit in a long is in the byte with the largest address, which happens in Big Endian machines. This means genalloc is not allocating the byte in which it will try to set or check for a bit. This may end up in memory corruption, where genalloc will try to set the bits it has not allocated. In fact, genalloc may not set these bits because it may find them already set, because they were not zeroed since they were not allocated. And that's what causes a BUG when gen_pool_destroy is called and check for any set bits. What really happens is that genalloc uses kmalloc_node with __GFP_ZERO on gen_pool_add_virt. With SLAB and SLUB, this means the whole slab will be cleared, not only the requested bytes. Since struct gen_pool_chunk has a size that is a multiple of 8, and slab sizes are multiples of 8, we get lucky and allocate and clear the right amount of bytes. Hower, this is not the case with SLOB or with older code that did memset after allocating instead of using __GFP_ZERO. So, a simple module as this (running 3.6.0), will cause a crash when rmmod'ed. [root@phantom-lp2 foo]# cat foo.c #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/genalloc.h> MODULE_LICENSE("GPL"); MODULE_VERSION("0.1"); static struct gen_pool *foo_pool; static __init int foo_init(void) { int ret; foo_pool = gen_pool_create(10, -1); if (!foo_pool) return -ENOMEM; ret = gen_pool_add(foo_pool, 0xa0000000, 32 << 10, -1); if (ret) { gen_pool_destroy(foo_pool); return ret; } return 0; } static __exit void foo_exit(void) { gen_pool_destroy(foo_pool); } module_init(foo_init); module_exit(foo_exit); [root@phantom-lp2 foo]# zcat /proc/config.gz | grep SLOB CONFIG_SLOB=y [root@phantom-lp2 foo]# insmod ./foo.ko [root@phantom-lp2 foo]# rmmod foo ------------[ cut here ]------------ kernel BUG at lib/genalloc.c:243! cpu 0x4: Vector: 700 (Program Check) at [c0000000bb0e7960] pc: c0000000003cb50c: .gen_pool_destroy+0xac/0x110 lr: c0000000003cb4fc: .gen_pool_destroy+0x9c/0x110 sp: c0000000bb0e7be0 msr: 8000000000029032 current = 0xc0000000bb0e0000 paca = 0xc000000006d30e00 softe: 0 irq_happened: 0x01 pid = 13044, comm = rmmod kernel BUG at lib/genalloc.c:243! [c0000000bb0e7ca0] d000000004b00020 .foo_exit+0x20/0x38 [foo] [c0000000bb0e7d20] c0000000000dff98 .SyS_delete_module+0x1a8/0x290 [c0000000bb0e7e30] c0000000000097d4 syscall_exit+0x0/0x94 --- Exception: c00 (System Call) at 000000800753d1a0 SP (fffd0b0e640) is in userspace Signed-off-by: Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo <cascardo@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Cc: Benjamin Gaignard <benjamin.gaignard@stericsson.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-19lib/dma-debug.c: fix __hash_bucket_find()Ming Lei
If there is only one match, the unique matched entry should be returned. Without the fix, the upcoming dma debug interfaces ("dma-debug: new interfaces to debug dma mapping errors") can't work reliably because only device and dma_addr are passed to dma_mapping_error(). Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@canonical.com> Reported-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Joerg Roedel <joerg.roedel@amd.com> Tested-by: Shuah Khan <shuah.khan@hp.com> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Cc: Jakub Kicinski <kubakici@wp.pl> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-14Merge branch 'modules-next' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rusty/linux Pull module signing support from Rusty Russell: "module signing is the highlight, but it's an all-over David Howells frenzy..." Hmm "Magrathea: Glacier signing key". Somebody has been reading too much HHGTTG. * 'modules-next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rusty/linux: (37 commits) X.509: Fix indefinite length element skip error handling X.509: Convert some printk calls to pr_devel asymmetric keys: fix printk format warning MODSIGN: Fix 32-bit overflow in X.509 certificate validity date checking MODSIGN: Make mrproper should remove generated files. MODSIGN: Use utf8 strings in signer's name in autogenerated X.509 certs MODSIGN: Use the same digest for the autogen key sig as for the module sig MODSIGN: Sign modules during the build process MODSIGN: Provide a script for generating a key ID from an X.509 cert MODSIGN: Implement module signature checking MODSIGN: Provide module signing public keys to the kernel MODSIGN: Automatically generate module signing keys if missing MODSIGN: Provide Kconfig options MODSIGN: Provide gitignore and make clean rules for extra files MODSIGN: Add FIPS policy module: signature checking hook X.509: Add a crypto key parser for binary (DER) X.509 certificates MPILIB: Provide a function to read raw data into an MPI X.509: Add an ASN.1 decoder X.509: Add simple ASN.1 grammar compiler ...
2012-10-11Merge branch 'akpm' (Fixups from Andrew)Linus Torvalds
Merge misc fixes from Andrew Morton: "Followups, fixes and some random stuff I found on the internet." * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (11 patches) perf: fix duplicate header inclusion memcg, kmem: fix build error when CONFIG_INET is disabled rtc: kconfig: fix RTC_INTF defaults connected to RTC_CLASS rapidio: fix comment lib/kasprintf.c: use kmalloc_track_caller() to get accurate traces for kvasprintf rapidio: update for destination ID allocation rapidio: update asynchronous discovery initialization rapidio: use msleep in discovery wait mm: compaction: fix bit ranges in {get,clear,set}_pageblock_skip() arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-memory.c: section removal cleanups arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-memory.c: fix section handling code
2012-10-11Merge branch 'for-3.7/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds
Pull block IO update from Jens Axboe: "Core block IO bits for 3.7. Not a huge round this time, it contains: - First series from Kent cleaning up and generalizing bio allocation and freeing. - WRITE_SAME support from Martin. - Mikulas patches to prevent O_DIRECT crashes when someone changes the block size of a device. - Make bio_split() work on data-less bio's (like trim/discards). - A few other minor fixups." Fixed up silent semantic mis-merge as per Mikulas Patocka and Andrew Morton. It is due to the VM no longer using a prio-tree (see commit 6b2dbba8b6ac: "mm: replace vma prio_tree with an interval tree"). So make set_blocksize() use mapping_mapped() instead of open-coding the internal VM knowledge that has changed. * 'for-3.7/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: (26 commits) block: makes bio_split support bio without data scatterlist: refactor the sg_nents scatterlist: add sg_nents fs: fix include/percpu-rwsem.h export error percpu-rw-semaphore: fix documentation typos fs/block_dev.c:1644:5: sparse: symbol 'blkdev_mmap' was not declared blockdev: turn a rw semaphore into a percpu rw semaphore Fix a crash when block device is read and block size is changed at the same time block: fix request_queue->flags initialization block: lift the initial queue bypass mode on blk_register_queue() instead of blk_init_allocated_queue() block: ioctl to zero block ranges block: Make blkdev_issue_zeroout use WRITE SAME block: Implement support for WRITE SAME block: Consolidate command flag and queue limit checks for merges block: Clean up special command handling logic block/blk-tag.c: Remove useless kfree block: remove the duplicated setting for congestion_threshold block: reject invalid queue attribute values block: Add bio_clone_bioset(), bio_clone_kmalloc() block: Consolidate bio_alloc_bioset(), bio_kmalloc() ...
2012-10-11lib/kasprintf.c: use kmalloc_track_caller() to get accurate traces for ↵Ezequiel Garcia
kvasprintf Previously kvasprintf() allocation was being done through kmalloc(), thus producing an inaccurate trace report. This is a common problem: in order to get accurate callsite tracing, a lib/utils function shouldn't allocate kmalloc but instead use kmalloc_track_caller. Signed-off-by: Ezequiel Garcia <elezegarcia@gmail.com> Cc: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-10X.509: Fix indefinite length element skip error handlingDavid Howells
asn1_find_indefinite_length() returns an error indicator of -1, which the caller asn1_ber_decoder() places in a size_t (which is usually unsigned) and then checks to see whether it is less than 0 (which it can't be). This can lead to the following warning: lib/asn1_decoder.c:320 asn1_ber_decoder() warn: unsigned 'len' is never less than zero. Instead, asn1_find_indefinite_length() update the caller's idea of the data cursor and length separately from returning the error code. Reported-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2012-10-09mm: add CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB build optionMichel Lespinasse
Add a CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB build option for the previously existing DEBUG_MM_RB code. Now that Andi Kleen modified it to avoid using recursive algorithms, we can expose it a bit more. Also extend this code to validate_mm() after stack expansion, and to check that the vma's start and last pgoffs have not changed since the nodes were inserted on the anon vma interval tree (as it is important that the nodes be reindexed after each such update). Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09mm: interval tree updatesMichel Lespinasse
Update the generic interval tree code that was introduced in "mm: replace vma prio_tree with an interval tree". Changes: - fixed 'endpoing' typo noticed by Andrew Morton - replaced include/linux/interval_tree_tmpl.h, which was used as a template (including it automatically defined the interval tree functions) with include/linux/interval_tree_generic.h, which only defines a preprocessor macro INTERVAL_TREE_DEFINE(), which itself defines the interval tree functions when invoked. Now that is a very long macro which is unfortunate, but it does make the usage sites (lib/interval_tree.c and mm/interval_tree.c) a bit nicer than previously. - make use of RB_DECLARE_CALLBACKS() in the INTERVAL_TREE_DEFINE() macro, instead of duplicating that code in the interval tree template. - replaced vma_interval_tree_add(), which was actually handling the nonlinear and interval tree cases, with vma_interval_tree_insert_after() which handles only the interval tree case and has an API that is more consistent with the other interval tree handling functions. The nonlinear case is now handled explicitly in kernel/fork.c dup_mmap(). Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: move augmented rbtree functionality to rbtree_augmented.hMichel Lespinasse
Provide rb_insert_augmented() and rb_erase_augmented() through a new rbtree_augmented.h include file. rb_erase_augmented() is defined there as an __always_inline function, in order to allow inlining of augmented rbtree callbacks into it. Since this generates a relatively large function, each augmented rbtree user should make sure to have a single call site. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09prio_tree: removeMichel Lespinasse
After both prio_tree users have been converted to use red-black trees, there is no need to keep around the prio tree library anymore. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09mm: replace vma prio_tree with an interval treeMichel Lespinasse
Implement an interval tree as a replacement for the VMA prio_tree. The algorithms are similar to lib/interval_tree.c; however that code can't be directly reused as the interval endpoints are not explicitly stored in the VMA. So instead, the common algorithm is moved into a template and the details (node type, how to get interval endpoints from the node, etc) are filled in using the C preprocessor. Once the interval tree functions are available, using them as a replacement to the VMA prio tree is a relatively simple, mechanical job. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: add prio tree and interval tree testsMichel Lespinasse
Patch 1 implements support for interval trees, on top of the augmented rbtree API. It also adds synthetic tests to compare the performance of interval trees vs prio trees. Short answers is that interval trees are slightly faster (~25%) on insert/erase, and much faster (~2.4 - 3x) on search. It is debatable how realistic the synthetic test is, and I have not made such measurements yet, but my impression is that interval trees would still come out faster. Patch 2 uses a preprocessor template to make the interval tree generic, and uses it as a replacement for the vma prio_tree. Patch 3 takes the other prio_tree user, kmemleak, and converts it to use a basic rbtree. We don't actually need the augmented rbtree support here because the intervals are always non-overlapping. Patch 4 removes the now-unused prio tree library. Patch 5 proposes an additional optimization to rb_erase_augmented, now providing it as an inline function so that the augmented callbacks can be inlined in. This provides an additional 5-10% performance improvement for the interval tree insert/erase benchmark. There is a maintainance cost as it exposes augmented rbtree users to some of the rbtree library internals; however I think this cost shouldn't be too high as I expect the augmented rbtree will always have much less users than the base rbtree. I should probably add a quick summary of why I think it makes sense to replace prio trees with augmented rbtree based interval trees now. One of the drivers is that we need augmented rbtrees for Rik's vma gap finding code, and once you have them, it just makes sense to use them for interval trees as well, as this is the simpler and more well known algorithm. prio trees, in comparison, seem *too* clever: they impose an additional 'heap' constraint on the tree, which they use to guarantee a faster worst-case complexity of O(k+log N) for stabbing queries in a well-balanced prio tree, vs O(k*log N) for interval trees (where k=number of matches, N=number of intervals). Now this sounds great, but in practice prio trees don't realize this theorical benefit. First, the additional constraint makes them harder to update, so that the kernel implementation has to simplify things by balancing them like a radix tree, which is not always ideal. Second, the fact that there are both index and heap properties makes both tree manipulation and search more complex, which results in a higher multiplicative time constant. As it turns out, the simple interval tree algorithm ends up running faster than the more clever prio tree. This patch: Add two test modules: - prio_tree_test measures the performance of lib/prio_tree.c, both for insertion/removal and for stabbing searches - interval_tree_test measures the performance of a library of equivalent functionality, built using the augmented rbtree support. In order to support the second test module, lib/interval_tree.c is introduced. It is kept separate from the interval_tree_test main file for two reasons: first we don't want to provide an unfair advantage over prio_tree_test by having everything in a single compilation unit, and second there is the possibility that the interval tree functionality could get some non-test users in kernel over time. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: add RB_DECLARE_CALLBACKS() macroMichel Lespinasse
As proposed by Peter Zijlstra, this makes it easier to define the augmented rbtree callbacks. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: remove prior augmented rbtree implementationMichel Lespinasse
convert arch/x86/mm/pat_rbtree.c to the proposed augmented rbtree api and remove the old augmented rbtree implementation. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: faster augmented rbtree manipulationMichel Lespinasse
Introduce new augmented rbtree APIs that allow minimal recalculation of augmented node information. A new callback is added to the rbtree insertion and erase rebalancing functions, to be called on each tree rotations. Such rotations preserve the subtree's root augmented value, but require recalculation of the one child that was previously located at the subtree root. In the insertion case, the handcoded search phase must be updated to maintain the augmented information on insertion, and then the rbtree coloring/rebalancing algorithms keep it up to date. In the erase case, things are more complicated since it is library code that manipulates the rbtree in order to remove internal nodes. This requires a couple additional callbacks to copy a subtree's augmented value when a new root is stitched in, and to recompute augmented values down the ancestry path when a node is removed from the tree. In order to preserve maximum speed for the non-augmented case, we provide two versions of each tree manipulation function. rb_insert_augmented() is the augmented equivalent of rb_insert_color(), and rb_erase_augmented() is the augmented equivalent of rb_erase(). Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: augmented rbtree testMichel Lespinasse
Small test to measure the performance of augmented rbtrees. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: low level optimizations in rb_erase()Michel Lespinasse
Various minor optimizations in rb_erase(): - Avoid multiple loading of node->__rb_parent_color when computing parent and color information (possibly not in close sequence, as there might be further branches in the algorithm) - In the 1-child subcase of case 1, copy the __rb_parent_color field from the erased node to the child instead of recomputing it from the desired parent and color - When searching for the erased node's successor, differentiate between cases 2 and 3 based on whether any left links were followed. This avoids a condition later down. - In case 3, keep a pointer to the erased node's right child so we don't have to refetch it later to adjust its parent. - In the no-childs subcase of cases 2 and 3, place the rebalance assigment last so that the compiler can remove the following if(rebalance) test. Also, added some comments to illustrate cases 2 and 3. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: handle 1-child recoloring in rb_erase() instead of rb_erase_color()Michel Lespinasse
An interesting observation for rb_erase() is that when a node has exactly one child, the node must be black and the child must be red. An interesting consequence is that removing such a node can be done by simply replacing it with its child and making the child black, which we can do efficiently in rb_erase(). __rb_erase_color() then only needs to handle the no-childs case and can be modified accordingly. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: place easiest case first in rb_erase()Michel Lespinasse
In rb_erase, move the easy case (node to erase has no more than 1 child) first. I feel the code reads easier that way. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: add __rb_change_child() helper functionMichel Lespinasse
Add __rb_change_child() as an inline helper function to replace code that would otherwise be duplicated 4 times in the source. No changes to binary size or speed. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree test: fix sparse warning about 64-bit constantMichel Lespinasse
Just a small fix to make sparse happy. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Reported-by: Fengguang Wu <wfg@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: optimize fetching of sibling nodeMichel Lespinasse
When looking to fetch a node's sibling, we went through a sequence of: - check if node is the parent's left child - if it is, then fetch the parent's right child This can be replaced with: - fetch the parent's right child as an assumed sibling - check that node is NOT the fetched child This avoids fetching the parent's left child when node is actually that child. Saves a bit on code size, though it doesn't seem to make a large difference in speed. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: coding style adjustmentsMichel Lespinasse
Set comment and indentation style to be consistent with linux coding style and the rest of the file, as suggested by Peter Zijlstra Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Acked-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: low level optimizations in __rb_erase_color()Michel Lespinasse
In __rb_erase_color(), we often already have pointers to the nodes being rotated and/or know what their colors must be, so we can generate more efficient code than the generic __rb_rotate_left() and __rb_rotate_right() functions. Also when the current node is red or when flipping the sibling's color, the parent is already known so we can use the more efficient rb_set_parent_color() function to set the desired color. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Acked-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: optimize case selection logic in __rb_erase_color()Michel Lespinasse
In __rb_erase_color(), we have to select one of 3 cases depending on the color on the 'other' node children. If both children are black, we flip a few node colors and iterate. Otherwise, we do either one or two tree rotations, depending on the color of the 'other' child opposite to 'node', and then we are done. The corresponding logic had duplicate checks for the color of the 'other' child opposite to 'node'. It was checking it first to determine if both children are black, and then to determine how many tree rotations are required. Rearrange the logic to avoid that extra check. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Acked-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: adjust node color in __rb_erase_color() only when necessaryMichel Lespinasse
In __rb_erase_color(), we were always setting a node to black after exiting the main loop. And in one case, after fixing up the tree to satisfy all rbtree invariants, we were setting the current node to root just to guarantee a loop exit, at which point the root would be set to black. However this is not necessary, as the root of an rbtree is already known to be black. The only case where the color flip is required is when we exit the loop due to the current node being red, and it's easiest to just do the flip at that point instead of doing it after the loop. [adrian.hunter@intel.com: perf tools: fix build for another rbtree.c change] Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Acked-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com> Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: low level optimizations in rb_insert_color()Michel Lespinasse
- Use the newly introduced rb_set_parent_color() function to flip the color of nodes whose parent is already known. - Optimize rb_parent() when the node is known to be red - there is no need to mask out the color in that case. - Flipping gparent's color to red requires us to fetch its rb_parent_color field, so we can reuse it as the parent value for the next loop iteration. - Do not use __rb_rotate_left() and __rb_rotate_right() to handle tree rotations: we already have pointers to all relevant nodes, and know their colors (either because we want to adjust it, or because we've tested it, or we can deduce it as black due to the node proximity to a known red node). So we can generate more efficient code by making use of the node pointers we already have, and setting both the parent and color attributes for nodes all at once. Also in Case 2, some node attributes don't have to be set because we know another tree rotation (Case 3) will always follow and override them. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Acked-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: adjust root color in rb_insert_color() only when necessaryMichel Lespinasse
The root node of an rbtree must always be black. However, rb_insert_color() only needs to maintain this invariant when it has been broken - that is, when it exits the loop due to the current (red) node being the root. In all other cases (exiting after tree rotations, or exiting due to an existing black parent) the invariant is already satisfied, so there is no need to adjust the root node color. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Acked-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: break out of rb_insert_color loop after tree rotationMichel Lespinasse
It is a well known property of rbtrees that insertion never requires more than two tree rotations. In our implementation, after one loop iteration identified one or two necessary tree rotations, we would iterate and look for more. However at that point the node's parent would always be black, which would cause us to exit the loop. We can make the code flow more obvious by just adding a break statement after the tree rotations, where we know we are done. Additionally, in the cases where two tree rotations are necessary, we don't have to update the 'node' pointer as it wouldn't be used until the next loop iteration, which we now avoid due to this break statement. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Acked-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: performance and correctness testMichel Lespinasse
This small module helps measure the performance of rbtree insert and erase. Additionally, we run a few correctness tests to check that the rbtrees have all desired properties: - contains the right number of nodes in the order desired, - never two consecutive red nodes on any path, - all paths to leaf nodes have the same number of black nodes, - root node is black [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix printk warning: sparc64 cycles_t is unsigned long] Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Acked-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: move some implementation details from rbtree.h to rbtree.cMichel Lespinasse
rbtree users must use the documented APIs to manipulate the tree structure. Low-level helpers to manipulate node colors and parenthood are not part of that API, so move them to lib/rbtree.c [dwmw2@infradead.org: fix jffs2 build issue due to renamed __rb_parent_color field] Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Acked-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09rbtree: empty nodes have no colorMichel Lespinasse
Empty nodes have no color. We can make use of this property to simplify the code emitted by the RB_EMPTY_NODE and RB_CLEAR_NODE macros. Also, we can get rid of the rb_init_node function which had been introduced by commit 88d19cf37952 ("timers: Add rb_init_node() to allow for stack allocated rb nodes") to avoid some issue with the empty node's color not being initialized. I'm not sure what the RB_EMPTY_NODE checks in rb_prev() / rb_next() are doing there, though. axboe introduced them in commit 10fd48f2376d ("rbtree: fixed reversed RB_EMPTY_NODE and rb_next/prev"). The way I see it, the 'empty node' abstraction is only used by rbtree users to flag nodes that they haven't inserted in any rbtree, so asking the predecessor or successor of such nodes doesn't make any sense. One final rb_init_node() caller was recently added in sysctl code to implement faster sysctl name lookups. This code doesn't make use of RB_EMPTY_NODE at all, and from what I could see it only called rb_init_node() under the mistaken assumption that such initialization was required before node insertion. [sfr@canb.auug.org.au: fix net/ceph/osd_client.c build] Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Acked-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09Kconfig: clean up the long arch list for the DEBUG_BUGVERBOSE config optionCatalin Marinas
Introduce HAVE_DEBUG_BUGVERBOSE config option and select it in corresponding architecture Kconfig files. Architectures that already select GENERIC_BUG don't need to select HAVE_DEBUG_BUGVERBOSE. Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Acked-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09Kconfig: clean up the long arch list for the DEBUG_KMEMLEAK config optionCatalin Marinas
Introduce HAVE_DEBUG_KMEMLEAK config option and select it in corresponding architecture Kconfig files. DEBUG_KMEMLEAK now only depends on HAVE_DEBUG_KMEMLEAK. Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-08MPILIB: Provide a function to read raw data into an MPIDavid Howells
Provide a function to read raw data of a predetermined size into an MPI rather than expecting the size to be encoded within the data. The data is assumed to represent an unsigned integer, and the resulting MPI will be positive. The function looks like this: MPI mpi_read_raw_data(const void *, size_t); This is useful for reading ASN.1 integer primitives where the length is encoded in the ASN.1 metadata. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2012-10-08X.509: Add an ASN.1 decoderDavid Howells
Add an ASN.1 BER/DER/CER decoder. This uses the bytecode from the ASN.1 compiler in the previous patch to inform it as to what to expect to find in the encoded byte stream. The output from the compiler also tells it what functions to call on what tags, thus allowing the caller to retrieve information. The decoder is called as follows: int asn1_decoder(const struct asn1_decoder *decoder, void *context, const unsigned char *data, size_t datalen); The decoder argument points to the bytecode from the ASN.1 compiler. context is the caller's context and is passed to the action functions. data and datalen define the byte stream to be decoded. Note that the decoder is currently limited to datalen being less than 64K. This reduces the amount of stack space used by the decoder because ASN.1 is a nested construct. Similarly, the decoder is limited to a maximum of 10 levels of constructed data outside of a leaf node also in an effort to keep stack usage down. These restrictions can be raised if necessary. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2012-10-08X.509: Add utility functions to render OIDs as stringsDavid Howells
Add a pair of utility functions to render OIDs as strings. The first takes an encoded OID and turns it into a "a.b.c.d" form string: int sprint_oid(const void *data, size_t datasize, char *buffer, size_t bufsize); The second takes an OID enum index and calls the first on the data held therein: int sprint_OID(enum OID oid, char *buffer, size_t bufsize); Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2012-10-08X.509: Implement simple static OID registryDavid Howells
Implement a simple static OID registry that allows the mapping of an encoded OID to an enum value for ease of use. The OID registry index enum appears in the: linux/oid_registry.h header file. A script generates the registry from lines in the header file that look like: <sp*>OID_foo,<sp*>/*<sp*>1.2.3.4<sp*>*/ The actual OID is taken to be represented by the numbers with interpolated dots in the comment. All other lines in the header are ignored. The registry is queries by calling: OID look_up_oid(const void *data, size_t datasize); This returns a number from the registry enum representing the OID if found or OID__NR if not. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2012-10-08MPILIB: Reinstate mpi_cmp[_ui]() and export for RSA signature verificationDavid Howells
Reinstate and export mpi_cmp() and mpi_cmp_ui() from the MPI library for use by RSA signature verification as per RFC3447 section 5.2.2 step 1. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2012-10-08MPILIB: Provide count_leading/trailing_zeros() based on arch functionsDavid Howells
Provide count_leading/trailing_zeros() macros based on extant arch bit scanning functions rather than reimplementing from scratch in MPILIB. Whilst we're at it, turn count_foo_zeros(n, x) into n = count_foo_zeros(x). Also move the definition to asm-generic as other people may be interested in using it. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Dmitry Kasatkin <dmitry.kasatkin@intel.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2012-10-08Merge tag 'iommu-updates-v3.7-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/joro/iommu Pull IOMMU updates from Joerg Roedel: "This time the IOMMU updates contain a bunch of fixes and cleanups to various IOMMU drivers and the DMA debug code. New features are the code for IRQ remapping support with the AMD IOMMU (preperation for that was already merged in the last release) and a debugfs interface to export some statistics in the NVidia Tegra IOMMU driver." * tag 'iommu-updates-v3.7-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/joro/iommu: (27 commits) iommu/amd: Remove obsolete comment line dma-debug: Remove local BUS_NOTIFY_UNBOUND_DRIVER define iommu/amd: Fix possible use after free in get_irq_table() iommu/amd: Report irq remapping through IOMMU-API iommu/amd: Print message to system log when irq remapping is enabled iommu/irq: Use amd_iommu_irq_ops if supported iommu/amd: Make sure irq remapping still works on dma init failure iommu/amd: Add initialization routines for AMD interrupt remapping iommu/amd: Add call-back routine for HPET MSI iommu/amd: Implement MSI routines for interrupt remapping iommu/amd: Add IOAPIC remapping routines iommu/amd: Add routines to manage irq remapping tables iommu/amd: Add IRTE invalidation routine iommu/amd: Make sure IOMMU is not considered to translate itself iommu/amd: Split device table initialization into irq and dma part iommu/amd: Check if IOAPIC information is correct iommu/amd: Allocate data structures to keep track of irq remapping tables iommu/amd: Add slab-cache for irq remapping tables iommu/amd: Keep track of HPET and IOAPIC device ids iommu/amd: Fix features reporting ...
2012-10-06lib/decompress.c add __init to decompress_method and dataHein Tibosch
Fix the warning: WARNING: vmlinux.o(.text+0x14cfd8): Section mismatch in reference from the variable compressed_formats to the function .init.text:gunzip() The function compressed_formats() references the function __init gunzip(). etc.. Within decompress.c, compressed_formats[] needs 'a __initdata annotation', because some of it's data members refer to functions which will be unloaded after init. Consequently, its user decompress_method() will get the __init prefix. Signed-off-by: Hein Tibosch <hein_tibosch@yahoo.es> Cc: Albin Tonnerre <albin.tonnerre@free-electrons.com> Cc: Phillip Lougher <phillip@lougher.demon.co.uk> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-06scatterlist: atomic sg_mapping_iter() no longer needs disabled IRQsTejun Heo
SG mapping iterator w/ SG_MITER_ATOMIC set required IRQ disabled because it originally used KM_BIO_SRC_IRQ to allow use from IRQ handlers. kmap_atomic() has long been updated to handle stacking atomic mapping requests on per-cpu basis and only requires not sleeping while mapped. Update sg_mapping_iter such that atomic iterators only require disabling preemption instead of disabling IRQ. While at it, convert wte weird @ARG@ notations to @ARG in the comment of sg_miter_start(). Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Maxim Levitsky <maximlevitsky@gmail.com> Cc: Alex Dubov <oakad@yahoo.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-06lib/plist.c: make plist test announcements KERN_DEBUGBorislav Petkov
They show up in dmesg [ 4.041094] start plist test [ 4.045804] end plist test without a lot of meaning so hide them behind debug loglevel. Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <borislav.petkov@amd.com> Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-06lib/vsprintf.c: improve standard conformance of sscanf()Jan Beulich
Xen's pciback points out a couple of deficiencies with vsscanf()'s standard conformance: - Trailing character matching cannot be checked by the caller: With a format string of "(%x:%x.%x) %n" absence of the closing parenthesis cannot be checked, as input of "(00:00.0)" doesn't cause the %n to be evaluated (because of the code not skipping white space before the trailing %n). - The parameter corresponding to a trailing %n could get filled even if there was a matching error: With a format string of "(%x:%x.%x)%n", input of "(00:00.0]" would still fill the respective variable pointed to (and hence again make the mismatch non-detectable by the caller). This patch aims at fixing those, but leaves other non-conforming aspects of it untouched, among them these possibly relevant ones: - improper handling of the assignment suppression character '*' (blindly discarding all succeeding non-white space from the format and input strings), - not honoring conversion specifiers for %n, - not recognizing the C99 conversion specifier 't' (recognized by vsprintf()). Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-06lib/spinlock_debug: avoid livelock in do_raw_spin_lock()Vikram Mulukutla
The logic in do_raw_spin_lock() attempts to acquire a spinlock by invoking arch_spin_trylock() in a loop with a delay between each attempt. Now consider the following situation in a 2 CPU system: 1. CPU-0 continually acquires and releases a spinlock in a tight loop; it stays in this loop until some condition X is satisfied. X can only be satisfied by another CPU. 2. CPU-1 tries to acquire the same spinlock, in an attempt to satisfy the aforementioned condition X. However, it never sees the unlocked value of the lock because the debug spinlock code uses trylock instead of just lock; it checks at all the wrong moments - whenever CPU-0 has locked the lock. Now in the absence of debug spinlocks, the architecture specific spinlock code can correctly allow CPU-1 to wait in a "queue" (e.g., ticket spinlocks), ensuring that it acquires the lock at some point. However, with the debug spinlock code, livelock can easily occur due to the use of try_lock, which obviously cannot put the CPU in that "queue". This queueing mechanism is implemented in both x86 and ARM spinlock code. Note that the situation mentioned above is not hypothetical. A real problem was encountered where CPU-0 was running hrtimer_cancel with interrupts disabled, and CPU-1 was attempting to run the hrtimer that CPU-0 was trying to cancel. Address this by actually attempting arch_spin_lock once it is suspected that there is a spinlock lockup. If we're in a situation that is described above, the arch_spin_lock should succeed; otherwise other timeout mechanisms (e.g., watchdog) should alert the system of a lockup. Therefore, if there is a genuine system problem and the spinlock can't be acquired, the end result (irrespective of this change being present) is the same. If there is a livelock caused by the debug code, this change will allow the lock to be acquired, depending on the implementation of the lower level arch specific spinlock code. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comment] Signed-off-by: Vikram Mulukutla <markivx@codeaurora.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-06genalloc: make it possible to use a custom allocation algorithmBenjamin Gaignard
Premit use of another algorithm than the default first-fit one. For example a custom algorithm could be used to manage alignment requirements. As I can't predict all the possible requirements/needs for all allocation uses cases, I add a "free" field 'void *data' to pass any needed information to the allocation function. For example 'data' could be used to handle a structure where you store the alignment, the expected memory bank, the requester device, or any information that could influence the allocation algorithm. An usage example may look like this: struct my_pool_constraints { int align; int bank; ... }; unsigned long my_custom_algo(unsigned long *map, unsigned long size, unsigned long start, unsigned int nr, void *data) { struct my_pool_constraints *constraints = data; ... deal with allocation contraints ... return the index in bitmap where perform the allocation } void create_my_pool() { struct my_pool_constraints c; struct gen_pool *pool = gen_pool_create(...); gen_pool_add(pool, ...); gen_pool_set_algo(pool, my_custom_algo, &c); } Add of best-fit algorithm function: most of the time best-fit is slower then first-fit but memory fragmentation is lower. The random buffer allocation/free tests don't show any arithmetic relation between the allocation time and fragmentation but the best-fit algorithm is sometime able to perform the allocation when the first-fit can't. This new algorithm help to remove static allocations on ESRAM, a small but fast on-chip RAM of few KB, used for high-performance uses cases like DMA linked lists, graphic accelerators, encoders/decoders. On the Ux500 (in the ARM tree) we have define 5 ESRAM banks of 128 KB each and use of static allocations becomes unmaintainable: cd arch/arm/mach-ux500 && grep -r ESRAM . ./include/mach/db8500-regs.h:/* Base address and bank offsets for ESRAM */ ./include/mach/db8500-regs.h:#define U8500_ESRAM_BASE 0x40000000 ./include/mach/db8500-regs.h:#define U8500_ESRAM_BANK_SIZE 0x00020000 ./include/mach/db8500-regs.h:#define U8500_ESRAM_BANK0 U8500_ESRAM_BASE ./include/mach/db8500-regs.h:#define U8500_ESRAM_BANK1 (U8500_ESRAM_BASE + U8500_ESRAM_BANK_SIZE) ./include/mach/db8500-regs.h:#define U8500_ESRAM_BANK2 (U8500_ESRAM_BANK1 + U8500_ESRAM_BANK_SIZE) ./include/mach/db8500-regs.h:#define U8500_ESRAM_BANK3 (U8500_ESRAM_BANK2 + U8500_ESRAM_BANK_SIZE) ./include/mach/db8500-regs.h:#define U8500_ESRAM_BANK4 (U8500_ESRAM_BANK3 + U8500_ESRAM_BANK_SIZE) ./include/mach/db8500-regs.h:#define U8500_ESRAM_DMA_LCPA_OFFSET 0x10000 ./include/mach/db8500-regs.h:#define U8500_DMA_LCPA_BASE (U8500_ESRAM_BANK0 + U8500_ESRAM_DMA_LCPA_OFFSET) ./include/mach/db8500-regs.h:#define U8500_DMA_LCLA_BASE U8500_ESRAM_BANK4 I want to use genalloc to do dynamic allocations but I need to be able to fine tune the allocation algorithm. I my case best-fit algorithm give better results than first-fit, but it will not be true for every use case. Signed-off-by: Benjamin Gaignard <benjamin.gaignard@stericsson.com> Cc: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-06lib/gcd.c: prevent possible div by 0Davidlohr Bueso
Account for all properties when a and/or b are 0: gcd(0, 0) = 0 gcd(a, 0) = a gcd(0, b) = b Fixes no known problems in current kernels. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@gnu.org> Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>