path: root/include/linux/blkdev.h
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2013-05-08Merge branch 'for-3.10/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds
Pull block core updates from Jens Axboe: - Major bit is Kents prep work for immutable bio vecs. - Stable candidate fix for a scheduling-while-atomic in the queue bypass operation. - Fix for the hang on exceeded rq->datalen 32-bit unsigned when merging discard bios. - Tejuns changes to convert the writeback thread pool to the generic workqueue mechanism. - Runtime PM framework, SCSI patches exists on top of these in James' tree. - A few random fixes. * 'for-3.10/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: (40 commits) relay: move remove_buf_file inside relay_close_buf partitions/efi.c: replace useless kzalloc's by kmalloc's fs/block_dev.c: fix iov_shorten() criteria in blkdev_aio_read() block: fix max discard sectors limit blkcg: fix "scheduling while atomic" in blk_queue_bypass_start Documentation: cfq-iosched: update documentation help for cfq tunables writeback: expose the bdi_wq workqueue writeback: replace custom worker pool implementation with unbound workqueue writeback: remove unused bdi_pending_list aoe: Fix unitialized var usage bio-integrity: Add explicit field for owner of bip_buf block: Add an explicit bio flag for bios that own their bvec block: Add bio_alloc_pages() block: Convert some code to bio_for_each_segment_all() block: Add bio_for_each_segment_all() bounce: Refactor __blk_queue_bounce to not use bi_io_vec raid1: use bio_copy_data() pktcdvd: Use bio_reset() in disabled code to kill bi_idx usage pktcdvd: use bio_copy_data() block: Add bio_copy_data() ...
2013-05-07block_device_operations->release() should return voidAl Viro
The value passed is 0 in all but "it can never happen" cases (and those only in a couple of drivers) *and* it would've been lost on the way out anyway, even if something tried to pass something meaningful. Just don't bother. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-04-24block: fix max discard sectors limitJames Bottomley
linux-v3.8-rc1 and later support for plug for blkdev_issue_discard with commit 0cfbcafcae8b7364b5fa96c2b26ccde7a3a296a9 (block: add plug for blkdev_issue_discard ) For example, 1) DISCARD rq-1 with size size 4GB 2) DISCARD rq-2 with size size 1GB If these 2 discard requests get merged, final request size will be 5GB. In this case, request's __data_len field may overflow as it can store max 4GB(unsigned int). This issue was observed while doing mkfs.f2fs on 5GB SD card: https://lkml.org/lkml/2013/4/1/292 Info: sector size = 512 Info: total sectors = 11370496 (in 512bytes) Info: zone aligned segment0 blkaddr: 512 [ 257.789764] blk_update_request: bio idx 0 >= vcnt 0 mkfs process gets stuck in D state and I see the following in the dmesg: [ 257.789733] __end_that: dev mmcblk0: type=1, flags=122c8081 [ 257.789764] sector 4194304, nr/cnr 2981888/4294959104 [ 257.789764] bio df3840c0, biotail df3848c0, buffer (null), len 1526726656 [ 257.789764] blk_update_request: bio idx 0 >= vcnt 0 [ 257.794921] request botched: dev mmcblk0: type=1, flags=122c8081 [ 257.794921] sector 4194304, nr/cnr 2981888/4294959104 [ 257.794921] bio df3840c0, biotail df3848c0, buffer (null), len 1526726656 This patch fixes this issue. Reported-by: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <JBottomley@Parallels.com> Signed-off-by: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com> Tested-by: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-03-22block: add runtime pm helpersLin Ming
Add runtime pm helper functions: void blk_pm_runtime_init(struct request_queue *q, struct device *dev) - Initialization function for drivers to call. int blk_pre_runtime_suspend(struct request_queue *q) - If any requests are in the queue, mark last busy and return -EBUSY. Otherwise set q->rpm_status to RPM_SUSPENDING and return 0. void blk_post_runtime_suspend(struct request_queue *q, int err) - If the suspend succeeded then set q->rpm_status to RPM_SUSPENDED. Otherwise set it to RPM_ACTIVE and mark last busy. void blk_pre_runtime_resume(struct request_queue *q) - Set q->rpm_status to RPM_RESUMING. void blk_post_runtime_resume(struct request_queue *q, int err) - If the resume succeeded then set q->rpm_status to RPM_ACTIVE and call __blk_run_queue, then mark last busy and autosuspend. Otherwise set q->rpm_status to RPM_SUSPENDED. The idea and API is designed by Alan Stern and described here: http://marc.info/?l=linux-scsi&m=133727953625963&w=2 Signed-off-by: Lin Ming <ming.m.lin@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Aaron Lu <aaron.lu@intel.com> Acked-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-01-11Merge branch 'blkcg-cfq-hierarchy' of ↵Jens Axboe
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroup into for-3.9/core Tejun writes: Hello, Jens. Please consider pulling from the following branch to receive cfq blkcg hierarchy support. The branch is based on top of v3.8-rc2. git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroup.git blkcg-cfq-hierarchy The patchset was reviewd in the following thread. http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel.cgroups/5571
2013-01-11block: Remove should_sort judgement when flush blk_plugJianpeng Ma
In commit 975927b942c932,it add blk_rq_pos to sort rq when flushing. Although this commit was used for the situation which blk_plug handled multi devices on the same time like md device. I think there must be some situations like this but only single device. So remove the should_sort judgement. Because the parameter should_sort is only for this purpose,it can delete should_sort from blk_plug. CC: Shaohua Li <shli@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jianpeng Ma <majianpeng@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-01-09block: RCU free request_queueTejun Heo
RCU free request_queue so that blkcg_gq->q can be dereferenced under RCU lock. This will be used to implement hierarchical stats. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>
2012-12-19blk: avoid divide-by-zero with zero discard granularityLinus Torvalds
Commit 8dd2cb7e880d ("block: discard granularity might not be power of 2") changed a couple of 'binary and' operations into modulus operations. Which turned the harmless case of a zero discard_granularity into a possible divide-by-zero. The code also had a much more subtle bug: it was doing the modulus of a value in bytes using 'sector_t'. That was always conceptually wrong, but didn't actually matter back when the code assumed a power-of-two granularity: we only looked at the low bits anyway. But with potentially arbitrary sector numbers, using a 'sector_t' to express bytes is very very wrong: depending on configuration it limits the starting offset of the device to just 32 bits, and any overflow would result in a wrong value if the modulus wasn't a power-of-two. So re-write the code to not only protect against the divide-by-zero, but to do the starting sector arithmetic in sectors, and using the proper types. [ For any mathematicians out there: it also looks monumentally stupid to do the 'modulo granularity' operation *twice*, never mind having a "+ granularity" in the second modulus op. But that's the easiest way to avoid negative values or overflow, and it is how the original code was done. ] Reported-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Reported-by: Doug Anderson <dianders@chromium.org> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com> Acked-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-14block: discard granularity might not be power of 2Shaohua Li
In MD raid case, discard granularity might not be power of 2, for example, a 4-disk raid5 has 3*chunk_size discard granularity. Correct the calculation for such cases. Reported-by: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-12-06block: Make blk_cleanup_queue() wait until request_fn finishedBart Van Assche
Some request_fn implementations, e.g. scsi_request_fn(), unlock the queue lock internally. This may result in multiple threads executing request_fn for the same queue simultaneously. Keep track of the number of active request_fn calls and make sure that blk_cleanup_queue() waits until all active request_fn invocations have finished. A block driver may start cleaning up resources needed by its request_fn as soon as blk_cleanup_queue() finished, so blk_cleanup_queue() must wait for all outstanding request_fn invocations to finish. Signed-off-by: Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@acm.org> Reported-by: Chanho Min <chanho.min@lge.com> Cc: James Bottomley <JBottomley@Parallels.com> Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-12-06block: Avoid that request_fn is invoked on a dead queueBart Van Assche
A block driver may start cleaning up resources needed by its request_fn as soon as blk_cleanup_queue() finished, so request_fn must not be invoked after draining finished. This is important when blk_run_queue() is invoked without any requests in progress. As an example, if blk_drain_queue() and scsi_run_queue() run in parallel, blk_drain_queue() may have finished all requests after scsi_run_queue() has taken a SCSI device off the starved list but before that last function has had a chance to run the queue. Signed-off-by: Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@acm.org> Cc: James Bottomley <JBottomley@Parallels.com> Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu> Cc: Chanho Min <chanho.min@lge.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-12-06block: Rename queue dead flagBart Van Assche
QUEUE_FLAG_DEAD is used to indicate that queuing new requests must stop. After this flag has been set queue draining starts. However, during the queue draining phase it is still safe to invoke the queue's request_fn, so QUEUE_FLAG_DYING is a better name for this flag. This patch has been generated by running the following command over the kernel source tree: git grep -lEw 'blk_queue_dead|QUEUE_FLAG_DEAD' | xargs sed -i.tmp -e 's/blk_queue_dead/blk_queue_dying/g' \ -e 's/QUEUE_FLAG_DEAD/QUEUE_FLAG_DYING/g'; \ sed -i.tmp -e "s/QUEUE_FLAG_DYING$(printf \\t)*5/QUEUE_FLAG_DYING$(printf \\t)5/g" \ include/linux/blkdev.h; \ sed -i.tmp -e 's/ DEAD/ DYING/g' -e 's/dead queue/a dying queue/' \ -e 's/Dead queue/A dying queue/' block/blk-core.c Signed-off-by: Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@acm.org> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: James Bottomley <JBottomley@Parallels.com> Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Chanho Min <chanho.min@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-09-20block: Implement support for WRITE SAMEMartin K. Petersen
The WRITE SAME command supported on some SCSI devices allows the same block to be efficiently replicated throughout a block range. Only a single logical block is transferred from the host and the storage device writes the same data to all blocks described by the I/O. This patch implements support for WRITE SAME in the block layer. The blkdev_issue_write_same() function can be used by filesystems and block drivers to replicate a buffer across a block range. This can be used to efficiently initialize software RAID devices, etc. Signed-off-by: Martin K. Petersen <martin.petersen@oracle.com> Acked-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-09-20block: Consolidate command flag and queue limit checks for mergesMartin K. Petersen
- blk_check_merge_flags() verifies that cmd_flags / bi_rw are compatible. This function is called for both req-req and req-bio merging. - blk_rq_get_max_sectors() and blk_queue_get_max_sectors() can be used to query the maximum sector count for a given request or queue. The calls will return the right value from the queue limits given the type of command (RW, discard, write same, etc.) Signed-off-by: Martin K. Petersen <martin.petersen@oracle.com> Acked-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-09-20block: Clean up special command handling logicMartin K. Petersen
Remove special-casing of non-rw fs style requests (discard). The nomerge flags are consolidated in blk_types.h, and rq_mergeable() and bio_mergeable() have been modified to use them. bio_is_rw() is used in place of bio_has_data() a few places. This is done to to distinguish true reads and writes from other fs type requests that carry a payload (e.g. write same). Signed-off-by: Martin K. Petersen <martin.petersen@oracle.com> Acked-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-08-09block: disable discard request merge temporarilyShaohua Li
The SCSI discard request merge never worked, and looks no solution for in future, let's disable it temporarily. Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com> Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-08-02block: Add blk_bio_map_sg() helperAsias He
Add a helper to map a bio to a scatterlist, modelled after blk_rq_map_sg. This helper is useful for any driver that wants to create a scatterlist from its ->make_request_fn method. Changes in v2: - Use __blk_segment_map_sg to avoid duplicated code - Add cocbook style function comment Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@kernel.org> Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com> Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Cc: virtualization@lists.linux-foundation.org Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Asias He <asias@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-08-02block: split discard into aligned requestsPaolo Bonzini
When a disk has large discard_granularity and small max_discard_sectors, discards are not split with optimal alignment. In the limit case of discard_granularity == max_discard_sectors, no request could be aligned correctly, so in fact you might end up with no discarded logical blocks at all. Another example that helps showing the condition in the patch is with discard_granularity == 64, max_discard_sectors == 128. A request that is submitted for 256 sectors 2..257 will be split in two: 2..129, 130..257. However, only 2 aligned blocks out of 3 are included in the request; 128..191 may be left intact and not discarded. With this patch, the first request will be truncated to ensure good alignment of what's left, and the split will be 2..127, 128..255, 256..257. The patch will also take into account the discard_alignment. At most one extra request will be introduced, because the first request will be reduced by at most granularity-1 sectors, and granularity must be less than max_discard_sectors. Subsequent requests will run on round_down(max_discard_sectors, granularity) sectors, as in the current code. Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Acked-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Tested-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-07-31blk: pass from_schedule to non-request unplug functions.NeilBrown
This will allow md/raid to know why the unplug was called, and will be able to act according - if !from_schedule it is safe to perform tasks which could themselves schedule. Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-07-31blk: centralize non-request unplug handling.NeilBrown
Both md and umem has similar code for getting notified on an blk_finish_plug event. Centralize this code in block/ and allow each driver to provide its distinctive difference. Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-06-26blkcg: implement per-blkg request allocationTejun Heo
Currently, request_queue has one request_list to allocate requests from regardless of blkcg of the IO being issued. When the unified request pool is used up, cfq proportional IO limits become meaningless - whoever grabs the next request being freed wins the race regardless of the configured weights. This can be easily demonstrated by creating a blkio cgroup w/ very low weight, put a program which can issue a lot of random direct IOs there and running a sequential IO from a different cgroup. As soon as the request pool is used up, the sequential IO bandwidth crashes. This patch implements per-blkg request_list. Each blkg has its own request_list and any IO allocates its request from the matching blkg making blkcgs completely isolated in terms of request allocation. * Root blkcg uses the request_list embedded in each request_queue, which was renamed to @q->root_rl from @q->rq. While making blkcg rl handling a bit harier, this enables avoiding most overhead for root blkcg. * Queue fullness is properly per request_list but bdi isn't blkcg aware yet, so congestion state currently just follows the root blkcg. As writeback isn't aware of blkcg yet, this works okay for async congestion but readahead may get the wrong signals. It's better than blkcg completely collapsing with shared request_list but needs to be improved with future changes. * After this change, each block cgroup gets a full request pool making resource consumption of each cgroup higher. This makes allowing non-root users to create cgroups less desirable; however, note that allowing non-root users to directly manage cgroups is already severely broken regardless of this patch - each block cgroup consumes kernel memory and skews IO weight (IO weights are not hierarchical). v2: queue-sysfs.txt updated and patch description udpated as suggested by Vivek. v3: blk_get_rl() wasn't checking error return from blkg_lookup_create() and may cause oops on lookup failure. Fix it by falling back to root_rl on blkg lookup failures. This problem was spotted by Rakesh Iyer <rni@google.com>. v4: Updated to accomodate 458f27a982 "block: Avoid missed wakeup in request waitqueue". blk_drain_queue() now wakes up waiters on all blkg->rl on the target queue. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-06-25block: prepare for multiple request_listsTejun Heo
Request allocation is about to be made per-blkg meaning that there'll be multiple request lists. * Make queue full state per request_list. blk_*queue_full() functions are renamed to blk_*rl_full() and takes @rl instead of @q. * Rename blk_init_free_list() to blk_init_rl() and make it take @rl instead of @q. Also add @gfp_mask parameter. * Add blk_exit_rl() instead of destroying rl directly from blk_release_queue(). * Add request_list->q and make request alloc/free functions - blk_free_request(), [__]freed_request(), __get_request() - take @rl instead of @q. This patch doesn't introduce any functional difference. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-06-25block: add q->nr_rqs[] and move q->rq.elvpriv to q->nr_rqs_elvprivTejun Heo
Add q->nr_rqs[] which currently behaves the same as q->rq.count[] and move q->rq.elvpriv to q->nr_rqs_elvpriv. blk_drain_queue() is updated to use q->nr_rqs[] instead of q->rq.count[]. These counters separates queue-wide request statistics from the request list and allow implementation of per-queue request allocation. While at it, properly indent fields of struct request_list. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-06-15block: Drop dead function blk_abort_queue()Asias He
This function was only used by btrfs code in btrfs_abort_devices() (seems in a wrong way). It was removed in commit d07eb9117050c9ed3f78296ebcc06128b52693be, So, Let's remove the dead code to avoid any confusion. Changes in v2: update commit log, btrfs_abort_devices() was removed already. Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com> Cc: linux-btrfs@vger.kernel.org Cc: David Sterba <dave@jikos.cz> Signed-off-by: Asias He <asias@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-05-30Merge branch 'for-3.5/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds
Merge block/IO core bits from Jens Axboe: "This is a bit bigger on the core side than usual, but that is purely because we decided to hold off on parts of Tejun's submission on 3.4 to give it a bit more time to simmer. As a consequence, it's seen a long cycle in for-next. It contains: - Bug fix from Dan, wrong locking type. - Relax splice gifting restriction from Eric. - A ton of updates from Tejun, primarily for blkcg. This improves the code a lot, making the API nicer and cleaner, and also includes fixes for how we handle and tie policies and re-activate on switches. The changes also include generic bug fixes. - A simple fix from Vivek, along with a fix for doing proper delayed allocation of the blkcg stats." Fix up annoying conflict just due to different merge resolution in Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt * 'for-3.5/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: (92 commits) blkcg: tg_stats_alloc_lock is an irq lock vmsplice: relax alignement requirements for SPLICE_F_GIFT blkcg: use radix tree to index blkgs from blkcg blkcg: fix blkcg->css ref leak in __blkg_lookup_create() block: fix elvpriv allocation failure handling block: collapse blk_alloc_request() into get_request() blkcg: collapse blkcg_policy_ops into blkcg_policy blkcg: embed struct blkg_policy_data in policy specific data blkcg: mass rename of blkcg API blkcg: style cleanups for blk-cgroup.h blkcg: remove blkio_group->path[] blkcg: blkg_rwstat_read() was missing inline blkcg: shoot down blkgs if all policies are deactivated blkcg: drop stuff unused after per-queue policy activation update blkcg: implement per-queue policy activation blkcg: add request_queue->root_blkg blkcg: make request_queue bypassing on allocation blkcg: make sure blkg_lookup() returns %NULL if @q is bypassing blkcg: make blkg_conf_prep() take @pol and return with queue lock held blkcg: remove static policy ID enums ...
2012-05-14Fix blkdev.h build errors when BLOCK=nRussell King
I see builds failing with: CC [M] drivers/mmc/host/dw_mmc.o In file included from drivers/mmc/host/dw_mmc.c:15: include/linux/blkdev.h:1404: warning: 'struct task_struct' declared inside parameter list include/linux/blkdev.h:1404: warning: its scope is only this definition or declaration, which is probably not what you want include/linux/blkdev.h:1408: warning: 'struct task_struct' declared inside parameter list include/linux/blkdev.h:1413: error: expected '=', ',', ';', 'asm' or '__attribute__' before 'blk_needs_flush_plug' make[4]: *** [drivers/mmc/host/dw_mmc.o] Error 1 This is because dw_mmc.c includes linux/blkdev.h as the very first file, and when CONFIG_BLOCK=n, blkdev.h omits all includes. As it requires linux/sched.h even when CONFIG_BLOCK=n, move this out of the #ifdef. Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-05-01Merge tag 'v3.4-rc5' into for-3.5/coreJens Axboe
The core branch is behind driver commits that we want to build on for 3.5, hence I'm pulling in a later -rc. Linux 3.4-rc5 Conflicts: Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-04-20blkcg: mass rename of blkcg APITejun Heo
During the recent blkcg cleanup, most of blkcg API has changed to such extent that mass renaming wouldn't cause any noticeable pain. Take the chance and cleanup the naming. * Rename blkio_cgroup to blkcg. * Drop blkio / blkiocg prefixes and consistently use blkcg. * Rename blkio_group to blkcg_gq, which is consistent with io_cq but keep the blkg prefix / variable name. * Rename policy method type and field names to signify they're dealing with policy data. * Rename blkio_policy_type to blkcg_policy. This patch doesn't cause any functional change. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-04-20blkcg: implement per-queue policy activationTejun Heo
All blkcg policies were assumed to be enabled on all request_queues. Due to various implementation obstacles, during the recent blkcg core updates, this was temporarily implemented as shooting down all !root blkgs on elevator switch and policy [de]registration combined with half-broken in-place root blkg updates. In addition to being buggy and racy, this meant losing all blkcg configurations across those events. Now that blkcg is cleaned up enough, this patch replaces the temporary implementation with proper per-queue policy activation. Each blkcg policy should call the new blkcg_[de]activate_policy() to enable and disable the policy on a specific queue. blkcg_activate_policy() allocates and installs policy data for the policy for all existing blkgs. blkcg_deactivate_policy() does the reverse. If a policy is not enabled for a given queue, blkg printing / config functions skip the respective blkg for the queue. blkcg_activate_policy() also takes care of root blkg creation, and cfq_init_queue() and blk_throtl_init() are updated accordingly. This replaces blkcg_bypass_{start|end}() and update_root_blkg_pd() unnecessary. Dropped. v2: cfq_init_queue() was returning uninitialized @ret on root_group alloc failure if !CONFIG_CFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED. Fixed. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-04-20blkcg: add request_queue->root_blkgTejun Heo
With per-queue policy activation, root blkg creation will be moved to blkcg core. Add q->root_blkg in preparation. For blk-throtl, this replaces throtl_data->root_tg; however, cfq needs to keep cfqd->root_group for !CONFIG_CFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED. This is to prepare for per-queue policy activation and doesn't cause any functional difference. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-04-20blkcg: remove static policy ID enumsTejun Heo
Remove BLKIO_POLICY_* enums and let blkio_policy_register() allocate @pol->plid dynamically on registration. The maximum number of blkcg policies which can be registered at the same time is defined by BLKCG_MAX_POLS constant added to include/linux/blkdev.h. Note that blkio_policy_register() now may fail. Policy init functions updated accordingly and unnecessary ifdefs removed from cfq_init(). Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-03-30block: use lockdep_assert_held for queue lockingAndi Kleen
Instead of an ugly open coded variant. Cc: axboe@kernel.dk Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-03-06blkcg: drop unnecessary RCU lockingTejun Heo
Now that blkg additions / removals are always done under both q and blkcg locks, the only places RCU locking is necessary are blkg_lookup[_create]() for lookup w/o blkcg lock. This patch drops unncessary RCU locking replacing it with plain blkcg locking as necessary. * blkiocg_pre_destroy() already perform proper locking and don't need RCU. Dropped. * blkio_read_blkg_stats() now uses blkcg->lock instead of RCU read lock. This isn't a hot path. * Now unnecessary synchronize_rcu() from queue exit paths removed. This makes q->nr_blkgs unnecessary. Dropped. * RCU annotation on blkg->q removed. -v2: Vivek pointed out that blkg_lookup_create() still needs to be called under rcu_read_lock(). Updated. -v3: After the update, stats_lock locking in blkio_read_blkg_stats() shouldn't be using _irq variant as it otherwise ends up enabling irq while blkcg->lock is locked. Fixed. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-03-06blkcg: let blkcg core manage per-queue blkg list and counterTejun Heo
With the previous patch to move blkg list heads and counters to request_queue and blkg, logic to manage them in both policies are almost identical and can be moved to blkcg core. This patch moves blkg link logic into blkg_lookup_create(), implements common blkg unlink code in blkg_destroy(), and updates blkg_destory_all() so that it's policy specific and can skip root group. The updated blkg_destroy_all() is now used to both clear queue for bypassing and elv switching, and release all blkgs on q exit. This patch introduces a race window where policy [de]registration may race against queue blkg clearing. This can only be a problem on cfq unload and shouldn't be a real problem in practice (and we have many other places where this race already exists). Future patches will remove these unlikely races. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-03-06blkcg: move per-queue blkg list heads and counters to queue and blkgTejun Heo
Currently, specific policy implementations are responsible for maintaining list and number of blkgs. This duplicates code unnecessarily, and hinders factoring common code and providing blkcg API with better defined semantics. After this patch, request_queue hosts list heads and counters and blkg has list nodes for both policies. This patch only relocates the necessary fields and the next patch will actually move management code into blkcg core. Note that request_queue->blkg_list[] and ->nr_blkgs[] are hardcoded to have 2 elements. This is to avoid include dependency and will be removed by the next patch. This patch doesn't introduce any behavior change. -v2: Now unnecessary conditional on CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP_MODULE removed as pointed out by Vivek. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-03-06blkcg: clear all request_queues on blkcg policy [un]registrationsTejun Heo
Keep track of all request_queues which have blkcg initialized and turn on bypass and invoke blkcg_clear_queue() on all before making changes to blkcg policies. This is to prepare for moving blkg management into blkcg core. Note that this uses more brute force than necessary. Finer grained shoot down will be implemented later and given that policy [un]registration almost never happens on running systems (blk-throtl can't be built as a module and cfq usually is the builtin default iosched), this shouldn't be a problem for the time being. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-03-06block: implement blk_queue_bypass_start/end()Tejun Heo
Rename and extend elv_queisce_start/end() to blk_queue_bypass_start/end() which are exported and supports nesting via @q->bypass_depth. Also add blk_queue_bypass() to test bypass state. This will be further extended and used for blkio_group management. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-02-07block: strip out locking optimization in put_io_context()Tejun Heo
put_io_context() performed a complex trylock dancing to avoid deferring ioc release to workqueue. It was also broken on UP because trylock was always assumed to succeed which resulted in unbalanced preemption count. While there are ways to fix the UP breakage, even the most pathological microbench (forced ioc allocation and tight fork/exit loop) fails to show any appreciable performance benefit of the optimization. Strip it out. If there turns out to be workloads which are affected by this change, simpler optimization from the discussion thread can be applied later. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> LKML-Reference: <1328514611.21268.66.camel@sli10-conroe> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-01-15Merge branch 'for-3.3/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds
* 'for-3.3/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: (37 commits) Revert "block: recursive merge requests" block: Stop using macro stubs for the bio data integrity calls blockdev: convert some macros to static inlines fs: remove unneeded plug in mpage_readpages() block: Add BLKROTATIONAL ioctl block: Introduce blk_set_stacking_limits function block: remove WARN_ON_ONCE() in exit_io_context() block: an exiting task should be allowed to create io_context block: ioc_cgroup_changed() needs to be exported block: recursive merge requests block, cfq: fix empty queue crash caused by request merge block, cfq: move icq creation and rq->elv.icq association to block core block, cfq: restructure io_cq creation path for io_context interface cleanup block, cfq: move io_cq exit/release to blk-ioc.c block, cfq: move icq cache management to block core block, cfq: move io_cq lookup to blk-ioc.c block, cfq: move cfqd->icq_list to request_queue and add request->elv.icq block, cfq: reorganize cfq_io_context into generic and cfq specific parts block: remove elevator_queue->ops block: reorder elevator switch sequence ... Fix up conflicts in: - block/blk-cgroup.c Switch from can_attach_task to can_attach - block/cfq-iosched.c conflict with now removed cic index changes (we now use q->id instead)
2012-01-14block: fail SCSI passthrough ioctls on partition devicesPaolo Bonzini
Linux allows executing the SG_IO ioctl on a partition or LVM volume, and will pass the command to the underlying block device. This is well-known, but it is also a large security problem when (via Unix permissions, ACLs, SELinux or a combination thereof) a program or user needs to be granted access only to part of the disk. This patch lets partitions forward a small set of harmless ioctls; others are logged with printk so that we can see which ioctls are actually sent. In my tests only CDROM_GET_CAPABILITY actually occurred. Of course it was being sent to a (partition on a) hard disk, so it would have failed with ENOTTY and the patch isn't changing anything in practice. Still, I'm treating it specially to avoid spamming the logs. In principle, this restriction should include programs running with CAP_SYS_RAWIO. If for example I let a program access /dev/sda2 and /dev/sdb, it still should not be able to read/write outside the boundaries of /dev/sda2 independent of the capabilities. However, for now programs with CAP_SYS_RAWIO will still be allowed to send the ioctls. Their actions will still be logged. This patch does not affect the non-libata IDE driver. That driver however already tests for bd != bd->bd_contains before issuing some ioctl; it could be restricted further to forbid these ioctls even for programs running with CAP_SYS_ADMIN/CAP_SYS_RAWIO. Cc: linux-scsi@vger.kernel.org Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: James Bottomley <JBottomley@parallels.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> [ Make it also print the command name when warning - Linus ] Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-01-14block: add and use scsi_blk_cmd_ioctlPaolo Bonzini
Introduce a wrapper around scsi_cmd_ioctl that takes a block device. The function will then be enhanced to detect partition block devices and, in that case, subject the ioctls to whitelisting. Cc: linux-scsi@vger.kernel.org Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: James Bottomley <JBottomley@parallels.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-01-12blockdev: convert some macros to static inlinesStephen Rothwell
We prefer to program in C rather than preprocessor and it fixes this warning when CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY is not set: drivers/md/dm-table.c: In function 'dm_table_set_integrity': drivers/md/dm-table.c:1285:3: warning: statement with no effect [-Wunused-value] Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-01-11block: Introduce blk_set_stacking_limits functionMartin K. Petersen
Stacking driver queue limits are typically bounded exclusively by the capabilities of the low level devices, not by the stacking driver itself. This patch introduces blk_set_stacking_limits() which has more liberal metrics than the default queue limits function. This allows us to inherit topology parameters from bottom devices without manually tweaking the default limits in each driver prior to calling the stacking function. Since there is now a clear distinction between stacking and low-level devices, blk_set_default_limits() has been modified to carry the more conservative values that we used to manually set in blk_queue_make_request(). Signed-off-by: Martin K. Petersen <martin.petersen@oracle.com> Acked-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: move cfqd->icq_list to request_queue and add request->elv.icqTejun Heo
Most of icq management is about to be moved out of cfq into blk-ioc. This patch prepares for it. * Move cfqd->icq_list to request_queue->icq_list * Make request explicitly point to icq instead of through elevator private data. ->elevator_private[3] is replaced with sub struct elv which contains icq pointer and priv[2]. cfq is updated accordingly. * Meaningless clearing of ->elevator_private[0] removed from elv_set_request(). At that point in code, the field was guaranteed to be %NULL anyway. This patch doesn't introduce any functional change. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: unlink cfq_io_context's immediatelyTejun Heo
cic is association between io_context and request_queue. A cic is linked from both ioc and q and should be destroyed when either one goes away. As ioc and q both have their own locks, locking becomes a bit complex - both orders work for removal from one but not from the other. Currently, cfq tries to circumvent this locking order issue with RCU. ioc->lock nests inside queue_lock but the radix tree and cic's are also protected by RCU allowing either side to walk their lists without grabbing lock. This rather unconventional use of RCU quickly devolves into extremely fragile convolution. e.g. The following is from cfqd going away too soon after ioc and q exits raced. general protection fault: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP CPU 2 Modules linked in: [ 88.503444] Pid: 599, comm: hexdump Not tainted 3.1.0-rc10-work+ #158 Bochs Bochs RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff81397628>] [<ffffffff81397628>] cfq_exit_single_io_context+0x58/0xf0 ... Call Trace: [<ffffffff81395a4a>] call_for_each_cic+0x5a/0x90 [<ffffffff81395ab5>] cfq_exit_io_context+0x15/0x20 [<ffffffff81389130>] exit_io_context+0x100/0x140 [<ffffffff81098a29>] do_exit+0x579/0x850 [<ffffffff81098d5b>] do_group_exit+0x5b/0xd0 [<ffffffff81098de7>] sys_exit_group+0x17/0x20 [<ffffffff81b02f2b>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b The only real hot path here is cic lookup during request initialization and avoiding extra locking requires very confined use of RCU. This patch makes cic removal from both ioc and request_queue perform double-locking and unlink immediately. * From q side, the change is almost trivial as ioc->lock nests inside queue_lock. It just needs to grab each ioc->lock as it walks cic_list and unlink it. * From ioc side, it's a bit more difficult because of inversed lock order. ioc needs its lock to walk its cic_list but can't grab the matching queue_lock and needs to perform unlock-relock dancing. Unlinking is now wholly done from put_io_context() and fast path is optimized by using the queue_lock the caller already holds, which is by far the most common case. If the ioc accessed multiple devices, it tries with trylock. In unlikely cases of fast path failure, it falls back to full double-locking dance from workqueue. Double-locking isn't the prettiest thing in the world but it's *far* simpler and more understandable than RCU trick without adding any meaningful overhead. This still leaves a lot of now unnecessary RCU logics. Future patches will trim them. -v2: Vivek pointed out that cic->q was being dereferenced after cic->release() was called. Updated to use local variable @this_q instead. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block: misc updates to blk_get_queue()Tejun Heo
* blk_get_queue() is peculiar in that it returns 0 on success and 1 on failure instead of 0 / -errno or boolean. Update it such that it returns %true on success and %false on failure. * Make sure the caller checks for the return value. * Separate out __blk_get_queue() which doesn't check whether @q is dead and put it in blk.h. This will be used later. This patch doesn't introduce any functional changes. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: move cfqd->cic_index to q->idTejun Heo
cfq allocates per-queue id using ida and uses it to index cic radix tree from io_context. Move it to q->id and allocate on queue init and free on queue release. This simplifies cfq a bit and will allow for further improvements of io context life-cycle management. This patch doesn't introduce any functional difference. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block: add blk_queue_dead()Tejun Heo
There are a number of QUEUE_FLAG_DEAD tests. Add blk_queue_dead() macro and use it. This patch doesn't introduce any functional difference. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, sx8: kill blk_insert_request()Tejun Heo
The only user left for blk_insert_request() is sx8 and it can be trivially switched to use blk_execute_rq_nowait() - special requests aren't included in io stat and sx8 doesn't use block layer tagging. Switch sx8 and kill blk_insert_requeset(). This patch doesn't introduce any functional difference. Only compile tested. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: Jeff Garzik <jgarzik@pobox.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-11-23block: initialize request_queue's numa node duringMike Snitzer
struct request_queue is allocated with __GFP_ZERO so its "node" field is zero before initialization. This causes an oops if node 0 is offline in the page allocator because its zonelists are not initialized. From Dave Young's dmesg: SRAT: Node 1 PXM 2 0-d0000000 SRAT: Node 1 PXM 2 100000000-330000000 SRAT: Node 0 PXM 1 330000000-630000000 Initmem setup node 1 0000000000000000-000000000affb000 ... Built 1 zonelists in Node order, mobility grouping on. ... BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at 0000000000001c08 IP: [<ffffffff8111c355>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0xb5/0x870 and __alloc_pages_nodemask+0xb5 translates to a NULL pointer on zonelist->_zonerefs. The fix is to initialize q->node at the time of allocation so the correct node is passed to the slab allocator later. Since blk_init_allocated_queue_node() is no longer needed, merge it with blk_init_allocated_queue(). [rientjes@google.com: changelog, initializing q->node] Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org [2.6.37+] Reported-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Tested-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>