path: root/Documentation/rapidio/rapidio.txt
diff options
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/rapidio/rapidio.txt')
1 files changed, 117 insertions, 11 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/rapidio/rapidio.txt b/Documentation/rapidio/rapidio.txt
index c75694b35d0..a9c16c979da 100644
--- a/Documentation/rapidio/rapidio.txt
+++ b/Documentation/rapidio/rapidio.txt
@@ -79,20 +79,63 @@ master port that is used to communicate with devices within the network.
In order to initialize the RapidIO subsystem, a platform must initialize and
register at least one master port within the RapidIO network. To register mport
within the subsystem controller driver initialization code calls function
-rio_register_mport() for each available master port. After all active master
-ports are registered with a RapidIO subsystem, the rio_init_mports() routine
-is called to perform enumeration and discovery.
+rio_register_mport() for each available master port.
-In the current PowerPC-based implementation a subsys_initcall() is specified to
-perform controller initialization and mport registration. At the end it directly
-calls rio_init_mports() to execute RapidIO enumeration and discovery.
+RapidIO subsystem uses subsys_initcall() or device_initcall() to perform
+controller initialization (depending on controller device type).
+After all active master ports are registered with a RapidIO subsystem,
+an enumeration and/or discovery routine may be called automatically or
+by user-space command.
4. Enumeration and Discovery
-When rio_init_mports() is called it scans a list of registered master ports and
-calls an enumeration or discovery routine depending on the configured role of a
-master port: host or agent.
+4.1 Overview
+RapidIO subsystem configuration options allow users to specify enumeration and
+discovery methods as statically linked components or loadable modules.
+An enumeration/discovery method implementation and available input parameters
+define how any given method can be attached to available RapidIO mports:
+simply to all available mports OR individually to the specified mport device.
+Depending on selected enumeration/discovery build configuration, there are
+several methods to initiate an enumeration and/or discovery process:
+ (a) Statically linked enumeration and discovery process can be started
+ automatically during kernel initialization time using corresponding module
+ parameters. This was the original method used since introduction of RapidIO
+ subsystem. Now this method relies on enumerator module parameter which is
+ 'rio-scan.scan' for existing basic enumeration/discovery method.
+ When automatic start of enumeration/discovery is used a user has to ensure
+ that all discovering endpoints are started before the enumerating endpoint
+ and are waiting for enumeration to be completed.
+ Configuration option CONFIG_RAPIDIO_DISC_TIMEOUT defines time that discovering
+ endpoint waits for enumeration to be completed. If the specified timeout
+ expires the discovery process is terminated without obtaining RapidIO network
+ information. NOTE: a timed out discovery process may be restarted later using
+ a user-space command as it is described later if the given endpoint was
+ enumerated successfully.
+ (b) Statically linked enumeration and discovery process can be started by
+ a command from user space. This initiation method provides more flexibility
+ for a system startup compared to the option (a) above. After all participating
+ endpoints have been successfully booted, an enumeration process shall be
+ started first by issuing a user-space command, after an enumeration is
+ completed a discovery process can be started on all remaining endpoints.
+ (c) Modular enumeration and discovery process can be started by a command from
+ user space. After an enumeration/discovery module is loaded, a network scan
+ process can be started by issuing a user-space command.
+ Similar to the option (b) above, an enumerator has to be started first.
+ (d) Modular enumeration and discovery process can be started by a module
+ initialization routine. In this case an enumerating module shall be loaded
+ first.
+When a network scan process is started it calls an enumeration or discovery
+routine depending on the configured role of a master port: host or agent.
Enumeration is performed by a master port if it is configured as a host port by
assigning a host device ID greater than or equal to zero. A host device ID is
@@ -104,8 +147,58 @@ for it.
The enumeration and discovery routines use RapidIO maintenance transactions
to access the configuration space of devices.
-The enumeration process is implemented according to the enumeration algorithm
-outlined in the RapidIO Interconnect Specification: Annex I [1].
+4.2 Automatic Start of Enumeration and Discovery
+Automatic enumeration/discovery start method is applicable only to built-in
+enumeration/discovery RapidIO configuration selection. To enable automatic
+enumeration/discovery start by existing basic enumerator method set use boot
+command line parameter "rio-scan.scan=1".
+This configuration requires synchronized start of all RapidIO endpoints that
+form a network which will be enumerated/discovered. Discovering endpoints have
+to be started before an enumeration starts to ensure that all RapidIO
+controllers have been initialized and are ready to be discovered. Configuration
+parameter CONFIG_RAPIDIO_DISC_TIMEOUT defines time (in seconds) which
+a discovering endpoint will wait for enumeration to be completed.
+When automatic enumeration/discovery start is selected, basic method's
+initialization routine calls rio_init_mports() to perform enumeration or
+discovery for all known mport devices.
+Depending on RapidIO network size and configuration this automatic
+enumeration/discovery start method may be difficult to use due to the
+requirement for synchronized start of all endpoints.
+4.3 User-space Start of Enumeration and Discovery
+User-space start of enumeration and discovery can be used with built-in and
+modular build configurations. For user-space controlled start RapidIO subsystem
+creates the sysfs write-only attribute file '/sys/bus/rapidio/scan'. To initiate
+an enumeration or discovery process on specific mport device, a user needs to
+write mport_ID (not RapidIO destination ID) into that file. The mport_ID is a
+sequential number (0 ... RIO_MAX_MPORTS) assigned during mport device
+registration. For example for machine with single RapidIO controller, mport_ID
+for that controller always will be 0.
+To initiate RapidIO enumeration/discovery on all available mports a user may
+write '-1' (or RIO_MPORT_ANY) into the scan attribute file.
+4.4 Basic Enumeration Method
+This is an original enumeration/discovery method which is available since
+first release of RapidIO subsystem code. The enumeration process is
+implemented according to the enumeration algorithm outlined in the RapidIO
+Interconnect Specification: Annex I [1].
+This method can be configured as statically linked or loadable module.
+The method's single parameter "scan" allows to trigger the enumeration/discovery
+process from module initialization routine.
+This enumeration/discovery method can be started only once and does not support
+unloading if it is built as a module.
The enumeration process traverses the network using a recursive depth-first
algorithm. When a new device is found, the enumerator takes ownership of that
@@ -160,6 +253,19 @@ time period. If this wait time period expires before enumeration is completed,
an agent skips RapidIO discovery and continues with remaining kernel
+4.5 Adding New Enumeration/Discovery Method
+RapidIO subsystem code organization allows addition of new enumeration/discovery
+methods as new configuration options without significant impact to to the core
+RapidIO code.
+A new enumeration/discovery method has to be attached to one or more mport
+devices before an enumeration/discovery process can be started. Normally,
+method's module initialization routine calls rio_register_scan() to attach
+an enumerator to a specified mport device (or devices). The basic enumerator
+implementation demonstrates this process.
5. References