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authorKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>2009-12-15 16:47:03 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2009-12-16 07:20:07 -0800
commit569b846df54ffb2827b83ce3244c5f032394cba4 (patch)
tree77c5d373a5edf97710fab8777912971b99e84828 /mm
parentcd9b45b78a61e8df250e69385c74e729e5b66abf (diff)
downloadvexpress-lsk-569b846df54ffb2827b83ce3244c5f032394cba4.tar.gz
memcg: coalesce uncharge during unmap/truncate
In massive parallel enviroment, res_counter can be a performance bottleneck. One strong techinque to reduce lock contention is reducing calls by coalescing some amount of calls into one. Considering charge/uncharge chatacteristic, - charge is done one by one via demand-paging. - uncharge is done by - in chunk at munmap, truncate, exit, execve... - one by one via vmscan/paging. It seems we have a chance to coalesce uncharges for improving scalability at unmap/truncation. This patch is a for coalescing uncharge. For avoiding scattering memcg's structure to functions under /mm, this patch adds memcg batch uncharge information to the task. A reason for per-task batching is for making use of caller's context information. We do batched uncharge (deleyed uncharge) when truncation/unmap occurs but do direct uncharge when uncharge is called by memory reclaim (vmscan.c). The degree of coalescing depends on callers - at invalidate/trucate... pagevec size - at unmap ....ZAP_BLOCK_SIZE (memory itself will be freed in this degree.) Then, we'll not coalescing too much. On x86-64 8cpu server, I tested overheads of memcg at page fault by running a program which does map/fault/unmap in a loop. Running a task per a cpu by taskset and see sum of the number of page faults in 60secs. [without memcg config] 40156968 page-faults # 0.085 M/sec ( +- 0.046% ) 27.67 cache-miss/faults [root cgroup] 36659599 page-faults # 0.077 M/sec ( +- 0.247% ) 31.58 miss/faults [in a child cgroup] 18444157 page-faults # 0.039 M/sec ( +- 0.133% ) 69.96 miss/faults [child with this patch] 27133719 page-faults # 0.057 M/sec ( +- 0.155% ) 47.16 miss/faults We can see some amounts of improvement. (root cgroup doesn't affected by this patch) Another patch for "charge" will follow this and above will be improved more. Changelog(since 2009/10/02): - renamed filed of memcg_batch (as pages to bytes, memsw to memsw_bytes) - some clean up and commentary/description updates. - added initialize code to copy_process(). (possible bug fix) Changelog(old): - fixed !CONFIG_MEM_CGROUP case. - rebased onto the latest mmotm + softlimit fix patches. - unified patch for callers - added commetns. - make ->do_batch as bool. - removed css_get() at el. We don't need it. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm')
-rw-r--r--mm/memcontrol.c96
-rw-r--r--mm/memory.c2
-rw-r--r--mm/truncate.c6
3 files changed, 98 insertions, 6 deletions
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index 7b5b108c1c6..a730c91b8e6 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -1827,6 +1827,50 @@ void mem_cgroup_cancel_charge_swapin(struct mem_cgroup *mem)
css_put(&mem->css);
}
+static void
+__do_uncharge(struct mem_cgroup *mem, const enum charge_type ctype)
+{
+ struct memcg_batch_info *batch = NULL;
+ bool uncharge_memsw = true;
+ /* If swapout, usage of swap doesn't decrease */
+ if (!do_swap_account || ctype == MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_SWAPOUT)
+ uncharge_memsw = false;
+ /*
+ * do_batch > 0 when unmapping pages or inode invalidate/truncate.
+ * In those cases, all pages freed continously can be expected to be in
+ * the same cgroup and we have chance to coalesce uncharges.
+ * But we do uncharge one by one if this is killed by OOM(TIF_MEMDIE)
+ * because we want to do uncharge as soon as possible.
+ */
+ if (!current->memcg_batch.do_batch || test_thread_flag(TIF_MEMDIE))
+ goto direct_uncharge;
+
+ batch = &current->memcg_batch;
+ /*
+ * In usual, we do css_get() when we remember memcg pointer.
+ * But in this case, we keep res->usage until end of a series of
+ * uncharges. Then, it's ok to ignore memcg's refcnt.
+ */
+ if (!batch->memcg)
+ batch->memcg = mem;
+ /*
+ * In typical case, batch->memcg == mem. This means we can
+ * merge a series of uncharges to an uncharge of res_counter.
+ * If not, we uncharge res_counter ony by one.
+ */
+ if (batch->memcg != mem)
+ goto direct_uncharge;
+ /* remember freed charge and uncharge it later */
+ batch->bytes += PAGE_SIZE;
+ if (uncharge_memsw)
+ batch->memsw_bytes += PAGE_SIZE;
+ return;
+direct_uncharge:
+ res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE);
+ if (uncharge_memsw)
+ res_counter_uncharge(&mem->memsw, PAGE_SIZE);
+ return;
+}
/*
* uncharge if !page_mapped(page)
@@ -1875,12 +1919,8 @@ __mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(struct page *page, enum charge_type ctype)
break;
}
- if (!mem_cgroup_is_root(mem)) {
- res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE);
- if (do_swap_account &&
- (ctype != MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_SWAPOUT))
- res_counter_uncharge(&mem->memsw, PAGE_SIZE);
- }
+ if (!mem_cgroup_is_root(mem))
+ __do_uncharge(mem, ctype);
if (ctype == MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_SWAPOUT)
mem_cgroup_swap_statistics(mem, true);
mem_cgroup_charge_statistics(mem, pc, false);
@@ -1926,6 +1966,50 @@ void mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(struct page *page)
__mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(page, MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_CACHE);
}
+/*
+ * Batch_start/batch_end is called in unmap_page_range/invlidate/trucate.
+ * In that cases, pages are freed continuously and we can expect pages
+ * are in the same memcg. All these calls itself limits the number of
+ * pages freed at once, then uncharge_start/end() is called properly.
+ * This may be called prural(2) times in a context,
+ */
+
+void mem_cgroup_uncharge_start(void)
+{
+ current->memcg_batch.do_batch++;
+ /* We can do nest. */
+ if (current->memcg_batch.do_batch == 1) {
+ current->memcg_batch.memcg = NULL;
+ current->memcg_batch.bytes = 0;
+ current->memcg_batch.memsw_bytes = 0;
+ }
+}
+
+void mem_cgroup_uncharge_end(void)
+{
+ struct memcg_batch_info *batch = &current->memcg_batch;
+
+ if (!batch->do_batch)
+ return;
+
+ batch->do_batch--;
+ if (batch->do_batch) /* If stacked, do nothing. */
+ return;
+
+ if (!batch->memcg)
+ return;
+ /*
+ * This "batch->memcg" is valid without any css_get/put etc...
+ * bacause we hide charges behind us.
+ */
+ if (batch->bytes)
+ res_counter_uncharge(&batch->memcg->res, batch->bytes);
+ if (batch->memsw_bytes)
+ res_counter_uncharge(&batch->memcg->memsw, batch->memsw_bytes);
+ /* forget this pointer (for sanity check) */
+ batch->memcg = NULL;
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_SWAP
/*
* called after __delete_from_swap_cache() and drop "page" account.
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index a54b2c49844..aed45eaf8ac 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -956,6 +956,7 @@ static unsigned long unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
details = NULL;
BUG_ON(addr >= end);
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_start();
tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma);
pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr);
do {
@@ -968,6 +969,7 @@ static unsigned long unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
zap_work, details);
} while (pgd++, addr = next, (addr != end && *zap_work > 0));
tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma);
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_end();
return addr;
}
diff --git a/mm/truncate.c b/mm/truncate.c
index 2c147a7e5f2..342deee2268 100644
--- a/mm/truncate.c
+++ b/mm/truncate.c
@@ -272,6 +272,7 @@ void truncate_inode_pages_range(struct address_space *mapping,
pagevec_release(&pvec);
break;
}
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_start();
for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(&pvec); i++) {
struct page *page = pvec.pages[i];
@@ -286,6 +287,7 @@ void truncate_inode_pages_range(struct address_space *mapping,
unlock_page(page);
}
pagevec_release(&pvec);
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_end();
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(truncate_inode_pages_range);
@@ -327,6 +329,7 @@ unsigned long invalidate_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
pagevec_init(&pvec, 0);
while (next <= end &&
pagevec_lookup(&pvec, mapping, next, PAGEVEC_SIZE)) {
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_start();
for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(&pvec); i++) {
struct page *page = pvec.pages[i];
pgoff_t index;
@@ -354,6 +357,7 @@ unsigned long invalidate_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
break;
}
pagevec_release(&pvec);
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_end();
cond_resched();
}
return ret;
@@ -428,6 +432,7 @@ int invalidate_inode_pages2_range(struct address_space *mapping,
while (next <= end && !wrapped &&
pagevec_lookup(&pvec, mapping, next,
min(end - next, (pgoff_t)PAGEVEC_SIZE - 1) + 1)) {
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_start();
for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(&pvec); i++) {
struct page *page = pvec.pages[i];
pgoff_t page_index;
@@ -477,6 +482,7 @@ int invalidate_inode_pages2_range(struct address_space *mapping,
unlock_page(page);
}
pagevec_release(&pvec);
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_end();
cond_resched();
}
return ret;