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authorNicolas Pitre <nico@cam.org>2009-03-04 22:49:41 -0500
committerNicolas Pitre <nico@cam.org>2009-03-15 21:01:21 -0400
commit3297e760776af18a26bf30046cbaaae2e730c5c2 (patch)
tree2ccbafb9aade478d6ad351cd6ecb80298f5a7e8a /mm/highmem.c
parent3835f6cb645bdb9a58aa6e062fe1d5777f1a9748 (diff)
downloadvexpress-lsk-3297e760776af18a26bf30046cbaaae2e730c5c2.tar.gz
highmem: atomic highmem kmap page pinning
Most ARM machines have a non IO coherent cache, meaning that the dma_map_*() set of functions must clean and/or invalidate the affected memory manually before DMA occurs. And because the majority of those machines have a VIVT cache, the cache maintenance operations must be performed using virtual addresses. When a highmem page is kunmap'd, its mapping (and cache) remains in place in case it is kmap'd again. However if dma_map_page() is then called with such a page, some cache maintenance on the remaining mapping must be performed. In that case, page_address(page) is non null and we can use that to synchronize the cache. It is unlikely but still possible for kmap() to race and recycle the virtual address obtained above, and use it for another page before some on-going cache invalidation loop in dma_map_page() is done. In that case, the new mapping could end up with dirty cache lines for another page, and the unsuspecting cache invalidation loop in dma_map_page() might simply discard those dirty cache lines resulting in data loss. For example, let's consider this sequence of events: - dma_map_page(..., DMA_FROM_DEVICE) is called on a highmem page. --> - vaddr = page_address(page) is non null. In this case it is likely that the page has valid cache lines associated with vaddr. Remember that the cache is VIVT. --> for (i = vaddr; i < vaddr + PAGE_SIZE; i += 32) invalidate_cache_line(i); *** preemption occurs in the middle of the loop above *** - kmap_high() is called for a different page. --> - last_pkmap_nr wraps to zero and flush_all_zero_pkmaps() is called. The pkmap_count value for the page passed to dma_map_page() above happens to be 1, so the page is unmapped. But prior to that, flush_cache_kmaps() cleared the cache for it. So far so good. - A fresh pkmap entry is assigned for this kmap request. The Murphy law says this pkmap entry will eventually happen to use the same vaddr as the one which used to belong to the other page being processed by dma_map_page() in the preempted thread above. - The kmap_high() caller start dirtying the cache using the just assigned virtual mapping for its page. *** the first thread is rescheduled *** - The for(...) loop is resumed, but now cached data belonging to a different physical page is being discarded ! And this is not only a preemption issue as ARM can be SMP as well, making the above scenario just as likely. Hence the need for some kind of pkmap page pinning which can be used in any context, primarily for the benefit of dma_map_page() on ARM. This provides the necessary interface to cope with the above issue if ARCH_NEEDS_KMAP_HIGH_GET is defined, otherwise the resulting code is unchanged. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@marvell.com> Reviewed-by: MinChan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Acked-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm/highmem.c')
-rw-r--r--mm/highmem.c65
1 files changed, 57 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/mm/highmem.c b/mm/highmem.c
index b36b83b920f..910198037bf 100644
--- a/mm/highmem.c
+++ b/mm/highmem.c
@@ -67,6 +67,25 @@ pte_t * pkmap_page_table;
static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(pkmap_map_wait);
+/*
+ * Most architectures have no use for kmap_high_get(), so let's abstract
+ * the disabling of IRQ out of the locking in that case to save on a
+ * potential useless overhead.
+ */
+#ifdef ARCH_NEEDS_KMAP_HIGH_GET
+#define lock_kmap() spin_lock_irq(&kmap_lock)
+#define unlock_kmap() spin_unlock_irq(&kmap_lock)
+#define lock_kmap_any(flags) spin_lock_irqsave(&kmap_lock, flags)
+#define unlock_kmap_any(flags) spin_unlock_irqrestore(&kmap_lock, flags)
+#else
+#define lock_kmap() spin_lock(&kmap_lock)
+#define unlock_kmap() spin_unlock(&kmap_lock)
+#define lock_kmap_any(flags) \
+ do { spin_lock(&kmap_lock); (void)(flags); } while (0)
+#define unlock_kmap_any(flags) \
+ do { spin_unlock(&kmap_lock); (void)(flags); } while (0)
+#endif
+
static void flush_all_zero_pkmaps(void)
{
int i;
@@ -113,9 +132,9 @@ static void flush_all_zero_pkmaps(void)
*/
void kmap_flush_unused(void)
{
- spin_lock(&kmap_lock);
+ lock_kmap();
flush_all_zero_pkmaps();
- spin_unlock(&kmap_lock);
+ unlock_kmap();
}
static inline unsigned long map_new_virtual(struct page *page)
@@ -145,10 +164,10 @@ start:
__set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
add_wait_queue(&pkmap_map_wait, &wait);
- spin_unlock(&kmap_lock);
+ unlock_kmap();
schedule();
remove_wait_queue(&pkmap_map_wait, &wait);
- spin_lock(&kmap_lock);
+ lock_kmap();
/* Somebody else might have mapped it while we slept */
if (page_address(page))
@@ -184,29 +203,59 @@ void *kmap_high(struct page *page)
* For highmem pages, we can't trust "virtual" until
* after we have the lock.
*/
- spin_lock(&kmap_lock);
+ lock_kmap();
vaddr = (unsigned long)page_address(page);
if (!vaddr)
vaddr = map_new_virtual(page);
pkmap_count[PKMAP_NR(vaddr)]++;
BUG_ON(pkmap_count[PKMAP_NR(vaddr)] < 2);
- spin_unlock(&kmap_lock);
+ unlock_kmap();
return (void*) vaddr;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmap_high);
+#ifdef ARCH_NEEDS_KMAP_HIGH_GET
+/**
+ * kmap_high_get - pin a highmem page into memory
+ * @page: &struct page to pin
+ *
+ * Returns the page's current virtual memory address, or NULL if no mapping
+ * exists. When and only when a non null address is returned then a
+ * matching call to kunmap_high() is necessary.
+ *
+ * This can be called from any context.
+ */
+void *kmap_high_get(struct page *page)
+{
+ unsigned long vaddr, flags;
+
+ lock_kmap_any(flags);
+ vaddr = (unsigned long)page_address(page);
+ if (vaddr) {
+ BUG_ON(pkmap_count[PKMAP_NR(vaddr)] < 1);
+ pkmap_count[PKMAP_NR(vaddr)]++;
+ }
+ unlock_kmap_any(flags);
+ return (void*) vaddr;
+}
+#endif
+
/**
* kunmap_high - map a highmem page into memory
* @page: &struct page to unmap
+ *
+ * If ARCH_NEEDS_KMAP_HIGH_GET is not defined then this may be called
+ * only from user context.
*/
void kunmap_high(struct page *page)
{
unsigned long vaddr;
unsigned long nr;
+ unsigned long flags;
int need_wakeup;
- spin_lock(&kmap_lock);
+ lock_kmap_any(flags);
vaddr = (unsigned long)page_address(page);
BUG_ON(!vaddr);
nr = PKMAP_NR(vaddr);
@@ -232,7 +281,7 @@ void kunmap_high(struct page *page)
*/
need_wakeup = waitqueue_active(&pkmap_map_wait);
}
- spin_unlock(&kmap_lock);
+ unlock_kmap_any(flags);
/* do wake-up, if needed, race-free outside of the spin lock */
if (need_wakeup)