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authorIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>2012-10-21 18:18:17 +0200
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>2012-10-21 18:18:17 +0200
commitf38787f4f921222d080d976ef59210ce3c6c6cb4 (patch)
tree55e643bc1e5b066f04323a4054fdc814726221be /kernel
parent957b9095ed296311b36d26e4316d7f637351ac57 (diff)
parent71434f2fcba5c22d6e0d51878ba8e241a5dea5fb (diff)
downloadvexpress-lsk-f38787f4f921222d080d976ef59210ce3c6c6cb4.tar.gz
Merge branch 'uprobes/core' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/oleg/misc into perf/urgent
Pull various uprobes bugfixes from Oleg Nesterov - mostly race and failure path fixes. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/events/uprobes.c345
1 files changed, 162 insertions, 183 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/events/uprobes.c b/kernel/events/uprobes.c
index 98256bc71ee..5cc4e7e42e6 100644
--- a/kernel/events/uprobes.c
+++ b/kernel/events/uprobes.c
@@ -78,15 +78,23 @@ static struct mutex uprobes_mmap_mutex[UPROBES_HASH_SZ];
*/
static atomic_t uprobe_events = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
+/* Have a copy of original instruction */
+#define UPROBE_COPY_INSN 0
+/* Dont run handlers when first register/ last unregister in progress*/
+#define UPROBE_RUN_HANDLER 1
+/* Can skip singlestep */
+#define UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP 2
+
struct uprobe {
struct rb_node rb_node; /* node in the rb tree */
atomic_t ref;
struct rw_semaphore consumer_rwsem;
+ struct mutex copy_mutex; /* TODO: kill me and UPROBE_COPY_INSN */
struct list_head pending_list;
struct uprobe_consumer *consumers;
struct inode *inode; /* Also hold a ref to inode */
loff_t offset;
- int flags;
+ unsigned long flags;
struct arch_uprobe arch;
};
@@ -100,17 +108,12 @@ struct uprobe {
*/
static bool valid_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, bool is_register)
{
- if (!vma->vm_file)
- return false;
-
- if (!is_register)
- return true;
+ vm_flags_t flags = VM_HUGETLB | VM_MAYEXEC | VM_SHARED;
- if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB|VM_READ|VM_WRITE|VM_EXEC|VM_SHARED))
- == (VM_READ|VM_EXEC))
- return true;
+ if (is_register)
+ flags |= VM_WRITE;
- return false;
+ return vma->vm_file && (vma->vm_flags & flags) == VM_MAYEXEC;
}
static unsigned long offset_to_vaddr(struct vm_area_struct *vma, loff_t offset)
@@ -193,19 +196,44 @@ bool __weak is_swbp_insn(uprobe_opcode_t *insn)
return *insn == UPROBE_SWBP_INSN;
}
+static void copy_opcode(struct page *page, unsigned long vaddr, uprobe_opcode_t *opcode)
+{
+ void *kaddr = kmap_atomic(page);
+ memcpy(opcode, kaddr + (vaddr & ~PAGE_MASK), UPROBE_SWBP_INSN_SIZE);
+ kunmap_atomic(kaddr);
+}
+
+static int verify_opcode(struct page *page, unsigned long vaddr, uprobe_opcode_t *new_opcode)
+{
+ uprobe_opcode_t old_opcode;
+ bool is_swbp;
+
+ copy_opcode(page, vaddr, &old_opcode);
+ is_swbp = is_swbp_insn(&old_opcode);
+
+ if (is_swbp_insn(new_opcode)) {
+ if (is_swbp) /* register: already installed? */
+ return 0;
+ } else {
+ if (!is_swbp) /* unregister: was it changed by us? */
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
/*
* NOTE:
* Expect the breakpoint instruction to be the smallest size instruction for
* the architecture. If an arch has variable length instruction and the
* breakpoint instruction is not of the smallest length instruction
- * supported by that architecture then we need to modify read_opcode /
+ * supported by that architecture then we need to modify is_swbp_at_addr and
* write_opcode accordingly. This would never be a problem for archs that
* have fixed length instructions.
*/
/*
* write_opcode - write the opcode at a given virtual address.
- * @auprobe: arch breakpointing information.
* @mm: the probed process address space.
* @vaddr: the virtual address to store the opcode.
* @opcode: opcode to be written at @vaddr.
@@ -216,8 +244,8 @@ bool __weak is_swbp_insn(uprobe_opcode_t *insn)
* For mm @mm, write the opcode at @vaddr.
* Return 0 (success) or a negative errno.
*/
-static int write_opcode(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct mm_struct *mm,
- unsigned long vaddr, uprobe_opcode_t opcode)
+static int write_opcode(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
+ uprobe_opcode_t opcode)
{
struct page *old_page, *new_page;
void *vaddr_old, *vaddr_new;
@@ -226,10 +254,14 @@ static int write_opcode(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct mm_struct *mm,
retry:
/* Read the page with vaddr into memory */
- ret = get_user_pages(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1, 0, 0, &old_page, &vma);
+ ret = get_user_pages(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1, 0, 1, &old_page, &vma);
if (ret <= 0)
return ret;
+ ret = verify_opcode(old_page, vaddr, &opcode);
+ if (ret <= 0)
+ goto put_old;
+
ret = -ENOMEM;
new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vaddr);
if (!new_page)
@@ -264,63 +296,6 @@ put_old:
}
/**
- * read_opcode - read the opcode at a given virtual address.
- * @mm: the probed process address space.
- * @vaddr: the virtual address to read the opcode.
- * @opcode: location to store the read opcode.
- *
- * Called with mm->mmap_sem held (for read and with a reference to
- * mm.
- *
- * For mm @mm, read the opcode at @vaddr and store it in @opcode.
- * Return 0 (success) or a negative errno.
- */
-static int read_opcode(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr, uprobe_opcode_t *opcode)
-{
- struct page *page;
- void *vaddr_new;
- int ret;
-
- ret = get_user_pages(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1, 0, 1, &page, NULL);
- if (ret <= 0)
- return ret;
-
- vaddr_new = kmap_atomic(page);
- vaddr &= ~PAGE_MASK;
- memcpy(opcode, vaddr_new + vaddr, UPROBE_SWBP_INSN_SIZE);
- kunmap_atomic(vaddr_new);
-
- put_page(page);
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-static int is_swbp_at_addr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr)
-{
- uprobe_opcode_t opcode;
- int result;
-
- if (current->mm == mm) {
- pagefault_disable();
- result = __copy_from_user_inatomic(&opcode, (void __user*)vaddr,
- sizeof(opcode));
- pagefault_enable();
-
- if (likely(result == 0))
- goto out;
- }
-
- result = read_opcode(mm, vaddr, &opcode);
- if (result)
- return result;
-out:
- if (is_swbp_insn(&opcode))
- return 1;
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-/**
* set_swbp - store breakpoint at a given address.
* @auprobe: arch specific probepoint information.
* @mm: the probed process address space.
@@ -331,18 +306,7 @@ out:
*/
int __weak set_swbp(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr)
{
- int result;
- /*
- * See the comment near uprobes_hash().
- */
- result = is_swbp_at_addr(mm, vaddr);
- if (result == 1)
- return 0;
-
- if (result)
- return result;
-
- return write_opcode(auprobe, mm, vaddr, UPROBE_SWBP_INSN);
+ return write_opcode(mm, vaddr, UPROBE_SWBP_INSN);
}
/**
@@ -357,16 +321,7 @@ int __weak set_swbp(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned
int __weak
set_orig_insn(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr)
{
- int result;
-
- result = is_swbp_at_addr(mm, vaddr);
- if (!result)
- return -EINVAL;
-
- if (result != 1)
- return result;
-
- return write_opcode(auprobe, mm, vaddr, *(uprobe_opcode_t *)auprobe->insn);
+ return write_opcode(mm, vaddr, *(uprobe_opcode_t *)auprobe->insn);
}
static int match_uprobe(struct uprobe *l, struct uprobe *r)
@@ -473,7 +428,7 @@ static struct uprobe *insert_uprobe(struct uprobe *uprobe)
spin_unlock(&uprobes_treelock);
/* For now assume that the instruction need not be single-stepped */
- uprobe->flags |= UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP;
+ __set_bit(UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP, &uprobe->flags);
return u;
}
@@ -495,6 +450,7 @@ static struct uprobe *alloc_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset)
uprobe->inode = igrab(inode);
uprobe->offset = offset;
init_rwsem(&uprobe->consumer_rwsem);
+ mutex_init(&uprobe->copy_mutex);
/* add to uprobes_tree, sorted on inode:offset */
cur_uprobe = insert_uprobe(uprobe);
@@ -515,7 +471,7 @@ static void handler_chain(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
struct uprobe_consumer *uc;
- if (!(uprobe->flags & UPROBE_RUN_HANDLER))
+ if (!test_bit(UPROBE_RUN_HANDLER, &uprobe->flags))
return;
down_read(&uprobe->consumer_rwsem);
@@ -621,29 +577,43 @@ static int copy_insn(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct file *filp)
return __copy_insn(mapping, filp, uprobe->arch.insn, bytes, uprobe->offset);
}
-/*
- * How mm->uprobes_state.count gets updated
- * uprobe_mmap() increments the count if
- * - it successfully adds a breakpoint.
- * - it cannot add a breakpoint, but sees that there is a underlying
- * breakpoint (via a is_swbp_at_addr()).
- *
- * uprobe_munmap() decrements the count if
- * - it sees a underlying breakpoint, (via is_swbp_at_addr)
- * (Subsequent uprobe_unregister wouldnt find the breakpoint
- * unless a uprobe_mmap kicks in, since the old vma would be
- * dropped just after uprobe_munmap.)
- *
- * uprobe_register increments the count if:
- * - it successfully adds a breakpoint.
- *
- * uprobe_unregister decrements the count if:
- * - it sees a underlying breakpoint and removes successfully.
- * (via is_swbp_at_addr)
- * (Subsequent uprobe_munmap wouldnt find the breakpoint
- * since there is no underlying breakpoint after the
- * breakpoint removal.)
- */
+static int prepare_uprobe(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct file *file,
+ struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (test_bit(UPROBE_COPY_INSN, &uprobe->flags))
+ return ret;
+
+ mutex_lock(&uprobe->copy_mutex);
+ if (test_bit(UPROBE_COPY_INSN, &uprobe->flags))
+ goto out;
+
+ ret = copy_insn(uprobe, file);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+
+ ret = -ENOTSUPP;
+ if (is_swbp_insn((uprobe_opcode_t *)uprobe->arch.insn))
+ goto out;
+
+ ret = arch_uprobe_analyze_insn(&uprobe->arch, mm, vaddr);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* write_opcode() assumes we don't cross page boundary */
+ BUG_ON((uprobe->offset & ~PAGE_MASK) +
+ UPROBE_SWBP_INSN_SIZE > PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ smp_wmb(); /* pairs with rmb() in find_active_uprobe() */
+ set_bit(UPROBE_COPY_INSN, &uprobe->flags);
+
+ out:
+ mutex_unlock(&uprobe->copy_mutex);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
static int
install_breakpoint(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct mm_struct *mm,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vaddr)
@@ -661,24 +631,9 @@ install_breakpoint(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct mm_struct *mm,
if (!uprobe->consumers)
return 0;
- if (!(uprobe->flags & UPROBE_COPY_INSN)) {
- ret = copy_insn(uprobe, vma->vm_file);
- if (ret)
- return ret;
-
- if (is_swbp_insn((uprobe_opcode_t *)uprobe->arch.insn))
- return -ENOTSUPP;
-
- ret = arch_uprobe_analyze_insn(&uprobe->arch, mm, vaddr);
- if (ret)
- return ret;
-
- /* write_opcode() assumes we don't cross page boundary */
- BUG_ON((uprobe->offset & ~PAGE_MASK) +
- UPROBE_SWBP_INSN_SIZE > PAGE_SIZE);
-
- uprobe->flags |= UPROBE_COPY_INSN;
- }
+ ret = prepare_uprobe(uprobe, vma->vm_file, mm, vaddr);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
/*
* set MMF_HAS_UPROBES in advance for uprobe_pre_sstep_notifier(),
@@ -697,15 +652,15 @@ install_breakpoint(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct mm_struct *mm,
return ret;
}
-static void
+static int
remove_breakpoint(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr)
{
/* can happen if uprobe_register() fails */
if (!test_bit(MMF_HAS_UPROBES, &mm->flags))
- return;
+ return 0;
set_bit(MMF_RECALC_UPROBES, &mm->flags);
- set_orig_insn(&uprobe->arch, mm, vaddr);
+ return set_orig_insn(&uprobe->arch, mm, vaddr);
}
/*
@@ -820,7 +775,7 @@ static int register_for_each_vma(struct uprobe *uprobe, bool is_register)
struct mm_struct *mm = info->mm;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
- if (err)
+ if (err && is_register)
goto free;
down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
@@ -836,7 +791,7 @@ static int register_for_each_vma(struct uprobe *uprobe, bool is_register)
if (is_register)
err = install_breakpoint(uprobe, mm, vma, info->vaddr);
else
- remove_breakpoint(uprobe, mm, info->vaddr);
+ err |= remove_breakpoint(uprobe, mm, info->vaddr);
unlock:
up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
@@ -893,13 +848,15 @@ int uprobe_register(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, struct uprobe_consumer *
mutex_lock(uprobes_hash(inode));
uprobe = alloc_uprobe(inode, offset);
- if (uprobe && !consumer_add(uprobe, uc)) {
+ if (!uprobe) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ } else if (!consumer_add(uprobe, uc)) {
ret = __uprobe_register(uprobe);
if (ret) {
uprobe->consumers = NULL;
__uprobe_unregister(uprobe);
} else {
- uprobe->flags |= UPROBE_RUN_HANDLER;
+ set_bit(UPROBE_RUN_HANDLER, &uprobe->flags);
}
}
@@ -932,7 +889,7 @@ void uprobe_unregister(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, struct uprobe_consume
if (consumer_del(uprobe, uc)) {
if (!uprobe->consumers) {
__uprobe_unregister(uprobe);
- uprobe->flags &= ~UPROBE_RUN_HANDLER;
+ clear_bit(UPROBE_RUN_HANDLER, &uprobe->flags);
}
}
@@ -1393,10 +1350,11 @@ bool uprobe_deny_signal(void)
*/
static bool can_skip_sstep(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
- if (arch_uprobe_skip_sstep(&uprobe->arch, regs))
- return true;
-
- uprobe->flags &= ~UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP;
+ if (test_bit(UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP, &uprobe->flags)) {
+ if (arch_uprobe_skip_sstep(&uprobe->arch, regs))
+ return true;
+ clear_bit(UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP, &uprobe->flags);
+ }
return false;
}
@@ -1419,6 +1377,30 @@ static void mmf_recalc_uprobes(struct mm_struct *mm)
clear_bit(MMF_HAS_UPROBES, &mm->flags);
}
+static int is_swbp_at_addr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr)
+{
+ struct page *page;
+ uprobe_opcode_t opcode;
+ int result;
+
+ pagefault_disable();
+ result = __copy_from_user_inatomic(&opcode, (void __user*)vaddr,
+ sizeof(opcode));
+ pagefault_enable();
+
+ if (likely(result == 0))
+ goto out;
+
+ result = get_user_pages(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1, 0, 1, &page, NULL);
+ if (result < 0)
+ return result;
+
+ copy_opcode(page, vaddr, &opcode);
+ put_page(page);
+ out:
+ return is_swbp_insn(&opcode);
+}
+
static struct uprobe *find_active_uprobe(unsigned long bp_vaddr, int *is_swbp)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
@@ -1489,38 +1471,41 @@ static void handle_swbp(struct pt_regs *regs)
}
return;
}
+ /*
+ * TODO: move copy_insn/etc into _register and remove this hack.
+ * After we hit the bp, _unregister + _register can install the
+ * new and not-yet-analyzed uprobe at the same address, restart.
+ */
+ smp_rmb(); /* pairs with wmb() in install_breakpoint() */
+ if (unlikely(!test_bit(UPROBE_COPY_INSN, &uprobe->flags)))
+ goto restart;
utask = current->utask;
if (!utask) {
utask = add_utask();
/* Cannot allocate; re-execute the instruction. */
if (!utask)
- goto cleanup_ret;
+ goto restart;
}
- utask->active_uprobe = uprobe;
+
handler_chain(uprobe, regs);
- if (uprobe->flags & UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP && can_skip_sstep(uprobe, regs))
- goto cleanup_ret;
+ if (can_skip_sstep(uprobe, regs))
+ goto out;
- utask->state = UTASK_SSTEP;
if (!pre_ssout(uprobe, regs, bp_vaddr)) {
arch_uprobe_enable_step(&uprobe->arch);
+ utask->active_uprobe = uprobe;
+ utask->state = UTASK_SSTEP;
return;
}
-cleanup_ret:
- if (utask) {
- utask->active_uprobe = NULL;
- utask->state = UTASK_RUNNING;
- }
- if (!(uprobe->flags & UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP))
-
- /*
- * cannot singlestep; cannot skip instruction;
- * re-execute the instruction.
- */
- instruction_pointer_set(regs, bp_vaddr);
-
+restart:
+ /*
+ * cannot singlestep; cannot skip instruction;
+ * re-execute the instruction.
+ */
+ instruction_pointer_set(regs, bp_vaddr);
+out:
put_uprobe(uprobe);
}
@@ -1552,13 +1537,12 @@ static void handle_singlestep(struct uprobe_task *utask, struct pt_regs *regs)
}
/*
- * On breakpoint hit, breakpoint notifier sets the TIF_UPROBE flag. (and on
- * subsequent probe hits on the thread sets the state to UTASK_BP_HIT) and
- * allows the thread to return from interrupt.
+ * On breakpoint hit, breakpoint notifier sets the TIF_UPROBE flag and
+ * allows the thread to return from interrupt. After that handle_swbp()
+ * sets utask->active_uprobe.
*
- * On singlestep exception, singlestep notifier sets the TIF_UPROBE flag and
- * also sets the state to UTASK_SSTEP_ACK and allows the thread to return from
- * interrupt.
+ * On singlestep exception, singlestep notifier sets the TIF_UPROBE flag
+ * and allows the thread to return from interrupt.
*
* While returning to userspace, thread notices the TIF_UPROBE flag and calls
* uprobe_notify_resume().
@@ -1567,11 +1551,13 @@ void uprobe_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
struct uprobe_task *utask;
+ clear_thread_flag(TIF_UPROBE);
+
utask = current->utask;
- if (!utask || utask->state == UTASK_BP_HIT)
- handle_swbp(regs);
- else
+ if (utask && utask->active_uprobe)
handle_singlestep(utask, regs);
+ else
+ handle_swbp(regs);
}
/*
@@ -1580,17 +1566,10 @@ void uprobe_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs)
*/
int uprobe_pre_sstep_notifier(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
- struct uprobe_task *utask;
-
if (!current->mm || !test_bit(MMF_HAS_UPROBES, &current->mm->flags))
return 0;
- utask = current->utask;
- if (utask)
- utask->state = UTASK_BP_HIT;
-
set_thread_flag(TIF_UPROBE);
-
return 1;
}