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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-06-20 08:17:36 -1000
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-06-20 08:17:36 -1000
commit86c76676cfdbf283f6131d5a2783bed3f3d490ea (patch)
treea4062bcf58783950768e68fcd5321ce0630fd9fc /kernel
parent805e318548fa0f6007bcece06bde1ddd9393246c (diff)
parentf1a527899ef0a8a241eb3bea619eb2e29d797f44 (diff)
downloadvexpress-lsk-86c76676cfdbf283f6131d5a2783bed3f3d490ea.tar.gz
Merge branch 'perf-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
Pull perf fixes from Ingo Molnar: "Four fixes. The mmap ones are unfortunately larger than desired - fuzzing uncovered bugs that needed perf context life time management changes to fix properly" * 'perf-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: perf/x86: Fix broken PEBS-LL support on SNB-EP/IVB-EP perf: Fix mmap() accounting hole perf: Fix perf mmap bugs kprobes: Fix to free gone and unused optprobes
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/events/core.c233
-rw-r--r--kernel/events/internal.h4
-rw-r--r--kernel/kprobes.c30
3 files changed, 185 insertions, 82 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/events/core.c b/kernel/events/core.c
index 9dc297faf7c..b391907d535 100644
--- a/kernel/events/core.c
+++ b/kernel/events/core.c
@@ -196,9 +196,6 @@ static void cpu_ctx_sched_in(struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx,
static void update_context_time(struct perf_event_context *ctx);
static u64 perf_event_time(struct perf_event *event);
-static void ring_buffer_attach(struct perf_event *event,
- struct ring_buffer *rb);
-
void __weak perf_event_print_debug(void) { }
extern __weak const char *perf_pmu_name(void)
@@ -2918,6 +2915,7 @@ static void free_event_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
}
static void ring_buffer_put(struct ring_buffer *rb);
+static void ring_buffer_detach(struct perf_event *event, struct ring_buffer *rb);
static void free_event(struct perf_event *event)
{
@@ -2942,15 +2940,30 @@ static void free_event(struct perf_event *event)
if (has_branch_stack(event)) {
static_key_slow_dec_deferred(&perf_sched_events);
/* is system-wide event */
- if (!(event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_TASK))
+ if (!(event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_TASK)) {
atomic_dec(&per_cpu(perf_branch_stack_events,
event->cpu));
+ }
}
}
if (event->rb) {
- ring_buffer_put(event->rb);
- event->rb = NULL;
+ struct ring_buffer *rb;
+
+ /*
+ * Can happen when we close an event with re-directed output.
+ *
+ * Since we have a 0 refcount, perf_mmap_close() will skip
+ * over us; possibly making our ring_buffer_put() the last.
+ */
+ mutex_lock(&event->mmap_mutex);
+ rb = event->rb;
+ if (rb) {
+ rcu_assign_pointer(event->rb, NULL);
+ ring_buffer_detach(event, rb);
+ ring_buffer_put(rb); /* could be last */
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex);
}
if (is_cgroup_event(event))
@@ -3188,30 +3201,13 @@ static unsigned int perf_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
unsigned int events = POLL_HUP;
/*
- * Race between perf_event_set_output() and perf_poll(): perf_poll()
- * grabs the rb reference but perf_event_set_output() overrides it.
- * Here is the timeline for two threads T1, T2:
- * t0: T1, rb = rcu_dereference(event->rb)
- * t1: T2, old_rb = event->rb
- * t2: T2, event->rb = new rb
- * t3: T2, ring_buffer_detach(old_rb)
- * t4: T1, ring_buffer_attach(rb1)
- * t5: T1, poll_wait(event->waitq)
- *
- * To avoid this problem, we grab mmap_mutex in perf_poll()
- * thereby ensuring that the assignment of the new ring buffer
- * and the detachment of the old buffer appear atomic to perf_poll()
+ * Pin the event->rb by taking event->mmap_mutex; otherwise
+ * perf_event_set_output() can swizzle our rb and make us miss wakeups.
*/
mutex_lock(&event->mmap_mutex);
-
- rcu_read_lock();
- rb = rcu_dereference(event->rb);
- if (rb) {
- ring_buffer_attach(event, rb);
+ rb = event->rb;
+ if (rb)
events = atomic_xchg(&rb->poll, 0);
- }
- rcu_read_unlock();
-
mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex);
poll_wait(file, &event->waitq, wait);
@@ -3521,16 +3517,12 @@ static void ring_buffer_attach(struct perf_event *event,
return;
spin_lock_irqsave(&rb->event_lock, flags);
- if (!list_empty(&event->rb_entry))
- goto unlock;
-
- list_add(&event->rb_entry, &rb->event_list);
-unlock:
+ if (list_empty(&event->rb_entry))
+ list_add(&event->rb_entry, &rb->event_list);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rb->event_lock, flags);
}
-static void ring_buffer_detach(struct perf_event *event,
- struct ring_buffer *rb)
+static void ring_buffer_detach(struct perf_event *event, struct ring_buffer *rb)
{
unsigned long flags;
@@ -3549,13 +3541,10 @@ static void ring_buffer_wakeup(struct perf_event *event)
rcu_read_lock();
rb = rcu_dereference(event->rb);
- if (!rb)
- goto unlock;
-
- list_for_each_entry_rcu(event, &rb->event_list, rb_entry)
- wake_up_all(&event->waitq);
-
-unlock:
+ if (rb) {
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(event, &rb->event_list, rb_entry)
+ wake_up_all(&event->waitq);
+ }
rcu_read_unlock();
}
@@ -3584,18 +3573,10 @@ static struct ring_buffer *ring_buffer_get(struct perf_event *event)
static void ring_buffer_put(struct ring_buffer *rb)
{
- struct perf_event *event, *n;
- unsigned long flags;
-
if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&rb->refcount))
return;
- spin_lock_irqsave(&rb->event_lock, flags);
- list_for_each_entry_safe(event, n, &rb->event_list, rb_entry) {
- list_del_init(&event->rb_entry);
- wake_up_all(&event->waitq);
- }
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rb->event_lock, flags);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&rb->event_list));
call_rcu(&rb->rcu_head, rb_free_rcu);
}
@@ -3605,26 +3586,100 @@ static void perf_mmap_open(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
struct perf_event *event = vma->vm_file->private_data;
atomic_inc(&event->mmap_count);
+ atomic_inc(&event->rb->mmap_count);
}
+/*
+ * A buffer can be mmap()ed multiple times; either directly through the same
+ * event, or through other events by use of perf_event_set_output().
+ *
+ * In order to undo the VM accounting done by perf_mmap() we need to destroy
+ * the buffer here, where we still have a VM context. This means we need
+ * to detach all events redirecting to us.
+ */
static void perf_mmap_close(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
struct perf_event *event = vma->vm_file->private_data;
- if (atomic_dec_and_mutex_lock(&event->mmap_count, &event->mmap_mutex)) {
- unsigned long size = perf_data_size(event->rb);
- struct user_struct *user = event->mmap_user;
- struct ring_buffer *rb = event->rb;
+ struct ring_buffer *rb = event->rb;
+ struct user_struct *mmap_user = rb->mmap_user;
+ int mmap_locked = rb->mmap_locked;
+ unsigned long size = perf_data_size(rb);
+
+ atomic_dec(&rb->mmap_count);
+
+ if (!atomic_dec_and_mutex_lock(&event->mmap_count, &event->mmap_mutex))
+ return;
- atomic_long_sub((size >> PAGE_SHIFT) + 1, &user->locked_vm);
- vma->vm_mm->pinned_vm -= event->mmap_locked;
- rcu_assign_pointer(event->rb, NULL);
- ring_buffer_detach(event, rb);
+ /* Detach current event from the buffer. */
+ rcu_assign_pointer(event->rb, NULL);
+ ring_buffer_detach(event, rb);
+ mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex);
+
+ /* If there's still other mmap()s of this buffer, we're done. */
+ if (atomic_read(&rb->mmap_count)) {
+ ring_buffer_put(rb); /* can't be last */
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * No other mmap()s, detach from all other events that might redirect
+ * into the now unreachable buffer. Somewhat complicated by the
+ * fact that rb::event_lock otherwise nests inside mmap_mutex.
+ */
+again:
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(event, &rb->event_list, rb_entry) {
+ if (!atomic_long_inc_not_zero(&event->refcount)) {
+ /*
+ * This event is en-route to free_event() which will
+ * detach it and remove it from the list.
+ */
+ continue;
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ mutex_lock(&event->mmap_mutex);
+ /*
+ * Check we didn't race with perf_event_set_output() which can
+ * swizzle the rb from under us while we were waiting to
+ * acquire mmap_mutex.
+ *
+ * If we find a different rb; ignore this event, a next
+ * iteration will no longer find it on the list. We have to
+ * still restart the iteration to make sure we're not now
+ * iterating the wrong list.
+ */
+ if (event->rb == rb) {
+ rcu_assign_pointer(event->rb, NULL);
+ ring_buffer_detach(event, rb);
+ ring_buffer_put(rb); /* can't be last, we still have one */
+ }
mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex);
+ put_event(event);
- ring_buffer_put(rb);
- free_uid(user);
+ /*
+ * Restart the iteration; either we're on the wrong list or
+ * destroyed its integrity by doing a deletion.
+ */
+ goto again;
}
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ /*
+ * It could be there's still a few 0-ref events on the list; they'll
+ * get cleaned up by free_event() -- they'll also still have their
+ * ref on the rb and will free it whenever they are done with it.
+ *
+ * Aside from that, this buffer is 'fully' detached and unmapped,
+ * undo the VM accounting.
+ */
+
+ atomic_long_sub((size >> PAGE_SHIFT) + 1, &mmap_user->locked_vm);
+ vma->vm_mm->pinned_vm -= mmap_locked;
+ free_uid(mmap_user);
+
+ ring_buffer_put(rb); /* could be last */
}
static const struct vm_operations_struct perf_mmap_vmops = {
@@ -3674,12 +3729,24 @@ static int perf_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
return -EINVAL;
WARN_ON_ONCE(event->ctx->parent_ctx);
+again:
mutex_lock(&event->mmap_mutex);
if (event->rb) {
- if (event->rb->nr_pages == nr_pages)
- atomic_inc(&event->rb->refcount);
- else
+ if (event->rb->nr_pages != nr_pages) {
ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+
+ if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&event->rb->mmap_count)) {
+ /*
+ * Raced against perf_mmap_close() through
+ * perf_event_set_output(). Try again, hope for better
+ * luck.
+ */
+ mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex);
+ goto again;
+ }
+
goto unlock;
}
@@ -3720,12 +3787,16 @@ static int perf_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto unlock;
}
- rcu_assign_pointer(event->rb, rb);
+
+ atomic_set(&rb->mmap_count, 1);
+ rb->mmap_locked = extra;
+ rb->mmap_user = get_current_user();
atomic_long_add(user_extra, &user->locked_vm);
- event->mmap_locked = extra;
- event->mmap_user = get_current_user();
- vma->vm_mm->pinned_vm += event->mmap_locked;
+ vma->vm_mm->pinned_vm += extra;
+
+ ring_buffer_attach(event, rb);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(event->rb, rb);
perf_event_update_userpage(event);
@@ -3734,7 +3805,11 @@ unlock:
atomic_inc(&event->mmap_count);
mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex);
- vma->vm_flags |= VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP;
+ /*
+ * Since pinned accounting is per vm we cannot allow fork() to copy our
+ * vma.
+ */
+ vma->vm_flags |= VM_DONTCOPY | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP;
vma->vm_ops = &perf_mmap_vmops;
return ret;
@@ -6412,6 +6487,8 @@ set:
if (atomic_read(&event->mmap_count))
goto unlock;
+ old_rb = event->rb;
+
if (output_event) {
/* get the rb we want to redirect to */
rb = ring_buffer_get(output_event);
@@ -6419,16 +6496,28 @@ set:
goto unlock;
}
- old_rb = event->rb;
- rcu_assign_pointer(event->rb, rb);
if (old_rb)
ring_buffer_detach(event, old_rb);
+
+ if (rb)
+ ring_buffer_attach(event, rb);
+
+ rcu_assign_pointer(event->rb, rb);
+
+ if (old_rb) {
+ ring_buffer_put(old_rb);
+ /*
+ * Since we detached before setting the new rb, so that we
+ * could attach the new rb, we could have missed a wakeup.
+ * Provide it now.
+ */
+ wake_up_all(&event->waitq);
+ }
+
ret = 0;
unlock:
mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex);
- if (old_rb)
- ring_buffer_put(old_rb);
out:
return ret;
}
diff --git a/kernel/events/internal.h b/kernel/events/internal.h
index eb675c4d59d..ca6599723be 100644
--- a/kernel/events/internal.h
+++ b/kernel/events/internal.h
@@ -31,6 +31,10 @@ struct ring_buffer {
spinlock_t event_lock;
struct list_head event_list;
+ atomic_t mmap_count;
+ unsigned long mmap_locked;
+ struct user_struct *mmap_user;
+
struct perf_event_mmap_page *user_page;
void *data_pages[0];
};
diff --git a/kernel/kprobes.c b/kernel/kprobes.c
index 3fed7f0cbcd..bddf3b201a4 100644
--- a/kernel/kprobes.c
+++ b/kernel/kprobes.c
@@ -467,6 +467,7 @@ static struct kprobe *__kprobes get_optimized_kprobe(unsigned long addr)
/* Optimization staging list, protected by kprobe_mutex */
static LIST_HEAD(optimizing_list);
static LIST_HEAD(unoptimizing_list);
+static LIST_HEAD(freeing_list);
static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work);
static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(optimizing_work, kprobe_optimizer);
@@ -504,7 +505,7 @@ static __kprobes void do_optimize_kprobes(void)
* Unoptimize (replace a jump with a breakpoint and remove the breakpoint
* if need) kprobes listed on unoptimizing_list.
*/
-static __kprobes void do_unoptimize_kprobes(struct list_head *free_list)
+static __kprobes void do_unoptimize_kprobes(void)
{
struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp;
@@ -515,9 +516,9 @@ static __kprobes void do_unoptimize_kprobes(struct list_head *free_list)
/* Ditto to do_optimize_kprobes */
get_online_cpus();
mutex_lock(&text_mutex);
- arch_unoptimize_kprobes(&unoptimizing_list, free_list);
+ arch_unoptimize_kprobes(&unoptimizing_list, &freeing_list);
/* Loop free_list for disarming */
- list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, free_list, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) {
/* Disarm probes if marked disabled */
if (kprobe_disabled(&op->kp))
arch_disarm_kprobe(&op->kp);
@@ -536,11 +537,11 @@ static __kprobes void do_unoptimize_kprobes(struct list_head *free_list)
}
/* Reclaim all kprobes on the free_list */
-static __kprobes void do_free_cleaned_kprobes(struct list_head *free_list)
+static __kprobes void do_free_cleaned_kprobes(void)
{
struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp;
- list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, free_list, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) {
BUG_ON(!kprobe_unused(&op->kp));
list_del_init(&op->list);
free_aggr_kprobe(&op->kp);
@@ -556,8 +557,6 @@ static __kprobes void kick_kprobe_optimizer(void)
/* Kprobe jump optimizer */
static __kprobes void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work)
{
- LIST_HEAD(free_list);
-
mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
/* Lock modules while optimizing kprobes */
mutex_lock(&module_mutex);
@@ -566,7 +565,7 @@ static __kprobes void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work)
* Step 1: Unoptimize kprobes and collect cleaned (unused and disarmed)
* kprobes before waiting for quiesence period.
*/
- do_unoptimize_kprobes(&free_list);
+ do_unoptimize_kprobes();
/*
* Step 2: Wait for quiesence period to ensure all running interrupts
@@ -581,7 +580,7 @@ static __kprobes void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work)
do_optimize_kprobes();
/* Step 4: Free cleaned kprobes after quiesence period */
- do_free_cleaned_kprobes(&free_list);
+ do_free_cleaned_kprobes();
mutex_unlock(&module_mutex);
mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
@@ -723,8 +722,19 @@ static void __kprobes kill_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
if (!list_empty(&op->list))
/* Dequeue from the (un)optimization queue */
list_del_init(&op->list);
-
op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED;
+
+ if (kprobe_unused(p)) {
+ /* Enqueue if it is unused */
+ list_add(&op->list, &freeing_list);
+ /*
+ * Remove unused probes from the hash list. After waiting
+ * for synchronization, this probe is reclaimed.
+ * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes().)
+ */
+ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist);
+ }
+
/* Don't touch the code, because it is already freed. */
arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op);
}