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authorSteven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>2013-05-28 17:32:53 -0400
committerPaul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>2013-06-10 13:37:11 -0700
commit016a8d5be6ddcc72ef0432d82d9f6fa34f61b907 (patch)
tree3f89d85633928acfde3a6a390ef62dcda0d3a3f4 /kernel
parentd62840995a99c9766803d54e9d7923f247a1c1db (diff)
downloadvexpress-lsk-016a8d5be6ddcc72ef0432d82d9f6fa34f61b907.tar.gz
rcu: Don't call wakeup() with rcu_node structure ->lock held
This commit fixes a lockdep-detected deadlock by moving a wake_up() call out from a rnp->lock critical section. Please see below for the long version of this story. On Tue, 2013-05-28 at 16:13 -0400, Dave Jones wrote: > [12572.705832] ====================================================== > [12572.750317] [ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ] > [12572.796978] 3.10.0-rc3+ #39 Not tainted > [12572.833381] ------------------------------------------------------- > [12572.862233] trinity-child17/31341 is trying to acquire lock: > [12572.870390] (rcu_node_0){..-.-.}, at: [<ffffffff811054ff>] rcu_read_unlock_special+0x9f/0x4c0 > [12572.878859] > but task is already holding lock: > [12572.894894] (&ctx->lock){-.-...}, at: [<ffffffff811390ed>] perf_lock_task_context+0x7d/0x2d0 > [12572.903381] > which lock already depends on the new lock. > > [12572.927541] > the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is: > [12572.943736] > -> #4 (&ctx->lock){-.-...}: > [12572.960032] [<ffffffff810b9851>] lock_acquire+0x91/0x1f0 > [12572.968337] [<ffffffff816ebc90>] _raw_spin_lock+0x40/0x80 > [12572.976633] [<ffffffff8113c987>] __perf_event_task_sched_out+0x2e7/0x5e0 > [12572.984969] [<ffffffff81088953>] perf_event_task_sched_out+0x93/0xa0 > [12572.993326] [<ffffffff816ea0bf>] __schedule+0x2cf/0x9c0 > [12573.001652] [<ffffffff816eacfe>] schedule_user+0x2e/0x70 > [12573.009998] [<ffffffff816ecd64>] retint_careful+0x12/0x2e > [12573.018321] > -> #3 (&rq->lock){-.-.-.}: > [12573.034628] [<ffffffff810b9851>] lock_acquire+0x91/0x1f0 > [12573.042930] [<ffffffff816ebc90>] _raw_spin_lock+0x40/0x80 > [12573.051248] [<ffffffff8108e6a7>] wake_up_new_task+0xb7/0x260 > [12573.059579] [<ffffffff810492f5>] do_fork+0x105/0x470 > [12573.067880] [<ffffffff81049686>] kernel_thread+0x26/0x30 > [12573.076202] [<ffffffff816cee63>] rest_init+0x23/0x140 > [12573.084508] [<ffffffff81ed8e1f>] start_kernel+0x3f1/0x3fe > [12573.092852] [<ffffffff81ed856f>] x86_64_start_reservations+0x2a/0x2c > [12573.101233] [<ffffffff81ed863d>] x86_64_start_kernel+0xcc/0xcf > [12573.109528] > -> #2 (&p->pi_lock){-.-.-.}: > [12573.125675] [<ffffffff810b9851>] lock_acquire+0x91/0x1f0 > [12573.133829] [<ffffffff816ebe9b>] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x4b/0x90 > [12573.141964] [<ffffffff8108e881>] try_to_wake_up+0x31/0x320 > [12573.150065] [<ffffffff8108ebe2>] default_wake_function+0x12/0x20 > [12573.158151] [<ffffffff8107bbf8>] autoremove_wake_function+0x18/0x40 > [12573.166195] [<ffffffff81085398>] __wake_up_common+0x58/0x90 > [12573.174215] [<ffffffff81086909>] __wake_up+0x39/0x50 > [12573.182146] [<ffffffff810fc3da>] rcu_start_gp_advanced.isra.11+0x4a/0x50 > [12573.190119] [<ffffffff810fdb09>] rcu_start_future_gp+0x1c9/0x1f0 > [12573.198023] [<ffffffff810fe2c4>] rcu_nocb_kthread+0x114/0x930 > [12573.205860] [<ffffffff8107a91d>] kthread+0xed/0x100 > [12573.213656] [<ffffffff816f4b1c>] ret_from_fork+0x7c/0xb0 > [12573.221379] > -> #1 (&rsp->gp_wq){..-.-.}: > [12573.236329] [<ffffffff810b9851>] lock_acquire+0x91/0x1f0 > [12573.243783] [<ffffffff816ebe9b>] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x4b/0x90 > [12573.251178] [<ffffffff810868f3>] __wake_up+0x23/0x50 > [12573.258505] [<ffffffff810fc3da>] rcu_start_gp_advanced.isra.11+0x4a/0x50 > [12573.265891] [<ffffffff810fdb09>] rcu_start_future_gp+0x1c9/0x1f0 > [12573.273248] [<ffffffff810fe2c4>] rcu_nocb_kthread+0x114/0x930 > [12573.280564] [<ffffffff8107a91d>] kthread+0xed/0x100 > [12573.287807] [<ffffffff816f4b1c>] ret_from_fork+0x7c/0xb0 Notice the above call chain. rcu_start_future_gp() is called with the rnp->lock held. Then it calls rcu_start_gp_advance, which does a wakeup. You can't do wakeups while holding the rnp->lock, as that would mean that you could not do a rcu_read_unlock() while holding the rq lock, or any lock that was taken while holding the rq lock. This is because... (See below). > [12573.295067] > -> #0 (rcu_node_0){..-.-.}: > [12573.309293] [<ffffffff810b8d36>] __lock_acquire+0x1786/0x1af0 > [12573.316568] [<ffffffff810b9851>] lock_acquire+0x91/0x1f0 > [12573.323825] [<ffffffff816ebc90>] _raw_spin_lock+0x40/0x80 > [12573.331081] [<ffffffff811054ff>] rcu_read_unlock_special+0x9f/0x4c0 > [12573.338377] [<ffffffff810760a6>] __rcu_read_unlock+0x96/0xa0 > [12573.345648] [<ffffffff811391b3>] perf_lock_task_context+0x143/0x2d0 > [12573.352942] [<ffffffff8113938e>] find_get_context+0x4e/0x1f0 > [12573.360211] [<ffffffff811403f4>] SYSC_perf_event_open+0x514/0xbd0 > [12573.367514] [<ffffffff81140e49>] SyS_perf_event_open+0x9/0x10 > [12573.374816] [<ffffffff816f4dd4>] tracesys+0xdd/0xe2 Notice the above trace. perf took its own ctx->lock, which can be taken while holding the rq lock. While holding this lock, it did a rcu_read_unlock(). The perf_lock_task_context() basically looks like: rcu_read_lock(); raw_spin_lock(ctx->lock); rcu_read_unlock(); Now, what looks to have happened, is that we scheduled after taking that first rcu_read_lock() but before taking the spin lock. When we scheduled back in and took the ctx->lock, the following rcu_read_unlock() triggered the "special" code. The rcu_read_unlock_special() takes the rnp->lock, which gives us a possible deadlock scenario. CPU0 CPU1 CPU2 ---- ---- ---- rcu_nocb_kthread() lock(rq->lock); lock(ctx->lock); lock(rnp->lock); wake_up(); lock(rq->lock); rcu_read_unlock(); rcu_read_unlock_special(); lock(rnp->lock); lock(ctx->lock); **** DEADLOCK **** > [12573.382068] > other info that might help us debug this: > > [12573.403229] Chain exists of: > rcu_node_0 --> &rq->lock --> &ctx->lock > > [12573.424471] Possible unsafe locking scenario: > > [12573.438499] CPU0 CPU1 > [12573.445599] ---- ---- > [12573.452691] lock(&ctx->lock); > [12573.459799] lock(&rq->lock); > [12573.467010] lock(&ctx->lock); > [12573.474192] lock(rcu_node_0); > [12573.481262] > *** DEADLOCK *** > > [12573.501931] 1 lock held by trinity-child17/31341: > [12573.508990] #0: (&ctx->lock){-.-...}, at: [<ffffffff811390ed>] perf_lock_task_context+0x7d/0x2d0 > [12573.516475] > stack backtrace: > [12573.530395] CPU: 1 PID: 31341 Comm: trinity-child17 Not tainted 3.10.0-rc3+ #39 > [12573.545357] ffffffff825b4f90 ffff880219f1dbc0 ffffffff816e375b ffff880219f1dc00 > [12573.552868] ffffffff816dfa5d ffff880219f1dc50 ffff88023ce4d1f8 ffff88023ce4ca40 > [12573.560353] 0000000000000001 0000000000000001 ffff88023ce4d1f8 ffff880219f1dcc0 > [12573.567856] Call Trace: > [12573.575011] [<ffffffff816e375b>] dump_stack+0x19/0x1b > [12573.582284] [<ffffffff816dfa5d>] print_circular_bug+0x200/0x20f > [12573.589637] [<ffffffff810b8d36>] __lock_acquire+0x1786/0x1af0 > [12573.596982] [<ffffffff810918f5>] ? sched_clock_cpu+0xb5/0x100 > [12573.604344] [<ffffffff810b9851>] lock_acquire+0x91/0x1f0 > [12573.611652] [<ffffffff811054ff>] ? rcu_read_unlock_special+0x9f/0x4c0 > [12573.619030] [<ffffffff816ebc90>] _raw_spin_lock+0x40/0x80 > [12573.626331] [<ffffffff811054ff>] ? rcu_read_unlock_special+0x9f/0x4c0 > [12573.633671] [<ffffffff811054ff>] rcu_read_unlock_special+0x9f/0x4c0 > [12573.640992] [<ffffffff811390ed>] ? perf_lock_task_context+0x7d/0x2d0 > [12573.648330] [<ffffffff810b429e>] ? put_lock_stats.isra.29+0xe/0x40 > [12573.655662] [<ffffffff813095a0>] ? delay_tsc+0x90/0xe0 > [12573.662964] [<ffffffff810760a6>] __rcu_read_unlock+0x96/0xa0 > [12573.670276] [<ffffffff811391b3>] perf_lock_task_context+0x143/0x2d0 > [12573.677622] [<ffffffff81139070>] ? __perf_event_enable+0x370/0x370 > [12573.684981] [<ffffffff8113938e>] find_get_context+0x4e/0x1f0 > [12573.692358] [<ffffffff811403f4>] SYSC_perf_event_open+0x514/0xbd0 > [12573.699753] [<ffffffff8108cd9d>] ? get_parent_ip+0xd/0x50 > [12573.707135] [<ffffffff810b71fd>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0xfd/0x1c0 > [12573.714599] [<ffffffff81140e49>] SyS_perf_event_open+0x9/0x10 > [12573.721996] [<ffffffff816f4dd4>] tracesys+0xdd/0xe2 This commit delays the wakeup via irq_work(), which is what perf and ftrace use to perform wakeups in critical sections. Reported-by: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree.c17
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree.h2
2 files changed, 17 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
index 16ea6792501..b61d20c5ee7 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
@@ -1613,6 +1613,14 @@ static int __noreturn rcu_gp_kthread(void *arg)
}
}
+static void rsp_wakeup(struct irq_work *work)
+{
+ struct rcu_state *rsp = container_of(work, struct rcu_state, wakeup_work);
+
+ /* Wake up rcu_gp_kthread() to start the grace period. */
+ wake_up(&rsp->gp_wq);
+}
+
/*
* Start a new RCU grace period if warranted, re-initializing the hierarchy
* in preparation for detecting the next grace period. The caller must hold
@@ -1637,8 +1645,12 @@ rcu_start_gp_advanced(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp,
}
rsp->gp_flags = RCU_GP_FLAG_INIT;
- /* Wake up rcu_gp_kthread() to start the grace period. */
- wake_up(&rsp->gp_wq);
+ /*
+ * We can't do wakeups while holding the rnp->lock, as that
+ * could cause possible deadlocks with the rq->lock. Deter
+ * the wakeup to interrupt context.
+ */
+ irq_work_queue(&rsp->wakeup_work);
}
/*
@@ -3235,6 +3247,7 @@ static void __init rcu_init_one(struct rcu_state *rsp,
rsp->rda = rda;
init_waitqueue_head(&rsp->gp_wq);
+ init_irq_work(&rsp->wakeup_work, rsp_wakeup);
rnp = rsp->level[rcu_num_lvls - 1];
for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
while (i > rnp->grphi)
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.h b/kernel/rcutree.h
index da77a8f57ff..4df503470e4 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.h
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#include <linux/threads.h>
#include <linux/cpumask.h>
#include <linux/seqlock.h>
+#include <linux/irq_work.h>
/*
* Define shape of hierarchy based on NR_CPUS, CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT, and
@@ -442,6 +443,7 @@ struct rcu_state {
char *name; /* Name of structure. */
char abbr; /* Abbreviated name. */
struct list_head flavors; /* List of RCU flavors. */
+ struct irq_work wakeup_work; /* Postponed wakeups */
};
/* Values for rcu_state structure's gp_flags field. */