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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-04-30 07:39:01 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-04-30 07:39:01 -0700
commit1f889ec62c3f0d8913f3c32f9aff2a1e15099346 (patch)
tree381a74ab73c865ba6d1c77df39898dd4f81cfeef /kernel/rcutree.c
parent6c24499f40d96bf07a85b709fb1bee5cea611a1d (diff)
parent8fcfae31719c0a6c03f2cf63f815b46d378d8be4 (diff)
downloadvexpress-lsk-1f889ec62c3f0d8913f3c32f9aff2a1e15099346.tar.gz
Merge branch 'core-rcu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
Pull RCU updates from Ingo Molnar: "The main changes in this cycle are mostly related to preparatory work for the full-dynticks work: - Remove restrictions on no-CBs CPUs, make RCU_FAST_NO_HZ take advantage of numbered callbacks, do callback accelerations based on numbered callbacks. Posted to LKML at https://lkml.org/lkml/2013/3/18/960 - RCU documentation updates. Posted to LKML at https://lkml.org/lkml/2013/3/18/570 - Miscellaneous fixes. Posted to LKML at https://lkml.org/lkml/2013/3/18/594" * 'core-rcu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (24 commits) rcu: Make rcu_accelerate_cbs() note need for future grace periods rcu: Abstract rcu_start_future_gp() from rcu_nocb_wait_gp() rcu: Rename n_nocb_gp_requests to need_future_gp rcu: Push lock release to rcu_start_gp()'s callers rcu: Repurpose no-CBs event tracing to future-GP events rcu: Rearrange locking in rcu_start_gp() rcu: Make RCU_FAST_NO_HZ take advantage of numbered callbacks rcu: Accelerate RCU callbacks at grace-period end rcu: Export RCU_FAST_NO_HZ parameters to sysfs rcu: Distinguish "rcuo" kthreads by RCU flavor rcu: Add event tracing for no-CBs CPUs' grace periods rcu: Add event tracing for no-CBs CPUs' callback registration rcu: Introduce proper blocking to no-CBs kthreads GP waits rcu: Provide compile-time control for no-CBs CPUs rcu: Tone down debugging during boot-up and shutdown. rcu: Add softirq-stall indications to stall-warning messages rcu: Documentation update rcu: Make bugginess of code sample more evident rcu: Fix hlist_bl_set_first_rcu() annotation rcu: Delete unused rcu_node "wakemask" field ...
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/rcutree.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree.c260
1 files changed, 197 insertions, 63 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
index 2f8530bc4b1..d8534308fd0 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
@@ -64,7 +64,7 @@
static struct lock_class_key rcu_node_class[RCU_NUM_LVLS];
static struct lock_class_key rcu_fqs_class[RCU_NUM_LVLS];
-#define RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(sname, cr) { \
+#define RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(sname, sabbr, cr) { \
.level = { &sname##_state.node[0] }, \
.call = cr, \
.fqs_state = RCU_GP_IDLE, \
@@ -76,13 +76,14 @@ static struct lock_class_key rcu_fqs_class[RCU_NUM_LVLS];
.barrier_mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(sname##_state.barrier_mutex), \
.onoff_mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(sname##_state.onoff_mutex), \
.name = #sname, \
+ .abbr = sabbr, \
}
struct rcu_state rcu_sched_state =
- RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(rcu_sched, call_rcu_sched);
+ RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(rcu_sched, 's', call_rcu_sched);
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_sched_data);
-struct rcu_state rcu_bh_state = RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(rcu_bh, call_rcu_bh);
+struct rcu_state rcu_bh_state = RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(rcu_bh, 'b', call_rcu_bh);
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_bh_data);
static struct rcu_state *rcu_state;
@@ -223,6 +224,8 @@ static ulong jiffies_till_next_fqs = RCU_JIFFIES_TILL_FORCE_QS;
module_param(jiffies_till_first_fqs, ulong, 0644);
module_param(jiffies_till_next_fqs, ulong, 0644);
+static void rcu_start_gp_advanced(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp,
+ struct rcu_data *rdp);
static void force_qs_rnp(struct rcu_state *rsp, int (*f)(struct rcu_data *));
static void force_quiescent_state(struct rcu_state *rsp);
static int rcu_pending(int cpu);
@@ -310,6 +313,8 @@ cpu_needs_another_gp(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
if (rcu_gp_in_progress(rsp))
return 0; /* No, a grace period is already in progress. */
+ if (rcu_nocb_needs_gp(rsp))
+ return 1; /* Yes, a no-CBs CPU needs one. */
if (!rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL])
return 0; /* No, this is a no-CBs (or offline) CPU. */
if (*rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL])
@@ -1035,10 +1040,11 @@ static void init_callback_list(struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
int i;
+ if (init_nocb_callback_list(rdp))
+ return;
rdp->nxtlist = NULL;
for (i = 0; i < RCU_NEXT_SIZE; i++)
rdp->nxttail[i] = &rdp->nxtlist;
- init_nocb_callback_list(rdp);
}
/*
@@ -1071,6 +1077,120 @@ static unsigned long rcu_cbs_completed(struct rcu_state *rsp,
}
/*
+ * Trace-event helper function for rcu_start_future_gp() and
+ * rcu_nocb_wait_gp().
+ */
+static void trace_rcu_future_gp(struct rcu_node *rnp, struct rcu_data *rdp,
+ unsigned long c, char *s)
+{
+ trace_rcu_future_grace_period(rdp->rsp->name, rnp->gpnum,
+ rnp->completed, c, rnp->level,
+ rnp->grplo, rnp->grphi, s);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Start some future grace period, as needed to handle newly arrived
+ * callbacks. The required future grace periods are recorded in each
+ * rcu_node structure's ->need_future_gp field.
+ *
+ * The caller must hold the specified rcu_node structure's ->lock.
+ */
+static unsigned long __maybe_unused
+rcu_start_future_gp(struct rcu_node *rnp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+ unsigned long c;
+ int i;
+ struct rcu_node *rnp_root = rcu_get_root(rdp->rsp);
+
+ /*
+ * Pick up grace-period number for new callbacks. If this
+ * grace period is already marked as needed, return to the caller.
+ */
+ c = rcu_cbs_completed(rdp->rsp, rnp);
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, "Startleaf");
+ if (rnp->need_future_gp[c & 0x1]) {
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, "Prestartleaf");
+ return c;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * If either this rcu_node structure or the root rcu_node structure
+ * believe that a grace period is in progress, then we must wait
+ * for the one following, which is in "c". Because our request
+ * will be noticed at the end of the current grace period, we don't
+ * need to explicitly start one.
+ */
+ if (rnp->gpnum != rnp->completed ||
+ ACCESS_ONCE(rnp->gpnum) != ACCESS_ONCE(rnp->completed)) {
+ rnp->need_future_gp[c & 0x1]++;
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, "Startedleaf");
+ return c;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * There might be no grace period in progress. If we don't already
+ * hold it, acquire the root rcu_node structure's lock in order to
+ * start one (if needed).
+ */
+ if (rnp != rnp_root)
+ raw_spin_lock(&rnp_root->lock);
+
+ /*
+ * Get a new grace-period number. If there really is no grace
+ * period in progress, it will be smaller than the one we obtained
+ * earlier. Adjust callbacks as needed. Note that even no-CBs
+ * CPUs have a ->nxtcompleted[] array, so no no-CBs checks needed.
+ */
+ c = rcu_cbs_completed(rdp->rsp, rnp_root);
+ for (i = RCU_DONE_TAIL; i < RCU_NEXT_TAIL; i++)
+ if (ULONG_CMP_LT(c, rdp->nxtcompleted[i]))
+ rdp->nxtcompleted[i] = c;
+
+ /*
+ * If the needed for the required grace period is already
+ * recorded, trace and leave.
+ */
+ if (rnp_root->need_future_gp[c & 0x1]) {
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, "Prestartedroot");
+ goto unlock_out;
+ }
+
+ /* Record the need for the future grace period. */
+ rnp_root->need_future_gp[c & 0x1]++;
+
+ /* If a grace period is not already in progress, start one. */
+ if (rnp_root->gpnum != rnp_root->completed) {
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, "Startedleafroot");
+ } else {
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, "Startedroot");
+ rcu_start_gp_advanced(rdp->rsp, rnp_root, rdp);
+ }
+unlock_out:
+ if (rnp != rnp_root)
+ raw_spin_unlock(&rnp_root->lock);
+ return c;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Clean up any old requests for the just-ended grace period. Also return
+ * whether any additional grace periods have been requested. Also invoke
+ * rcu_nocb_gp_cleanup() in order to wake up any no-callbacks kthreads
+ * waiting for this grace period to complete.
+ */
+static int rcu_future_gp_cleanup(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp)
+{
+ int c = rnp->completed;
+ int needmore;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
+
+ rcu_nocb_gp_cleanup(rsp, rnp);
+ rnp->need_future_gp[c & 0x1] = 0;
+ needmore = rnp->need_future_gp[(c + 1) & 0x1];
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, needmore ? "CleanupMore" : "Cleanup");
+ return needmore;
+}
+
+/*
* If there is room, assign a ->completed number to any callbacks on
* this CPU that have not already been assigned. Also accelerate any
* callbacks that were previously assigned a ->completed number that has
@@ -1129,6 +1249,8 @@ static void rcu_accelerate_cbs(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp,
rdp->nxttail[i] = rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL];
rdp->nxtcompleted[i] = c;
}
+ /* Record any needed additional grace periods. */
+ rcu_start_future_gp(rnp, rdp);
/* Trace depending on how much we were able to accelerate. */
if (!*rdp->nxttail[RCU_WAIT_TAIL])
@@ -1308,9 +1430,9 @@ static int rcu_gp_init(struct rcu_state *rsp)
rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
rcu_preempt_check_blocked_tasks(rnp);
rnp->qsmask = rnp->qsmaskinit;
- rnp->gpnum = rsp->gpnum;
+ ACCESS_ONCE(rnp->gpnum) = rsp->gpnum;
WARN_ON_ONCE(rnp->completed != rsp->completed);
- rnp->completed = rsp->completed;
+ ACCESS_ONCE(rnp->completed) = rsp->completed;
if (rnp == rdp->mynode)
rcu_start_gp_per_cpu(rsp, rnp, rdp);
rcu_preempt_boost_start_gp(rnp);
@@ -1319,7 +1441,8 @@ static int rcu_gp_init(struct rcu_state *rsp)
rnp->grphi, rnp->qsmask);
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&rnp->lock);
#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU_DELAY
- if ((prandom_u32() % (rcu_num_nodes * 8)) == 0)
+ if ((prandom_u32() % (rcu_num_nodes * 8)) == 0 &&
+ system_state == SYSTEM_RUNNING)
schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(2);
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU_DELAY */
cond_resched();
@@ -1361,6 +1484,7 @@ int rcu_gp_fqs(struct rcu_state *rsp, int fqs_state_in)
static void rcu_gp_cleanup(struct rcu_state *rsp)
{
unsigned long gp_duration;
+ int nocb = 0;
struct rcu_data *rdp;
struct rcu_node *rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
@@ -1390,17 +1514,23 @@ static void rcu_gp_cleanup(struct rcu_state *rsp)
*/
rcu_for_each_node_breadth_first(rsp, rnp) {
raw_spin_lock_irq(&rnp->lock);
- rnp->completed = rsp->gpnum;
+ ACCESS_ONCE(rnp->completed) = rsp->gpnum;
+ rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
+ if (rnp == rdp->mynode)
+ __rcu_process_gp_end(rsp, rnp, rdp);
+ nocb += rcu_future_gp_cleanup(rsp, rnp);
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&rnp->lock);
cond_resched();
}
rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
raw_spin_lock_irq(&rnp->lock);
+ rcu_nocb_gp_set(rnp, nocb);
rsp->completed = rsp->gpnum; /* Declare grace period done. */
trace_rcu_grace_period(rsp->name, rsp->completed, "end");
rsp->fqs_state = RCU_GP_IDLE;
rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
+ rcu_advance_cbs(rsp, rnp, rdp); /* Reduce false positives below. */
if (cpu_needs_another_gp(rsp, rdp))
rsp->gp_flags = 1;
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&rnp->lock);
@@ -1476,57 +1606,62 @@ static int __noreturn rcu_gp_kthread(void *arg)
/*
* Start a new RCU grace period if warranted, re-initializing the hierarchy
* in preparation for detecting the next grace period. The caller must hold
- * the root node's ->lock, which is released before return. Hard irqs must
- * be disabled.
+ * the root node's ->lock and hard irqs must be disabled.
*
* Note that it is legal for a dying CPU (which is marked as offline) to
* invoke this function. This can happen when the dying CPU reports its
* quiescent state.
*/
static void
-rcu_start_gp(struct rcu_state *rsp, unsigned long flags)
- __releases(rcu_get_root(rsp)->lock)
+rcu_start_gp_advanced(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp,
+ struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
- struct rcu_data *rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
- struct rcu_node *rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
-
- if (!rsp->gp_kthread ||
- !cpu_needs_another_gp(rsp, rdp)) {
+ if (!rsp->gp_kthread || !cpu_needs_another_gp(rsp, rdp)) {
/*
* Either we have not yet spawned the grace-period
* task, this CPU does not need another grace period,
* or a grace period is already in progress.
* Either way, don't start a new grace period.
*/
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
return;
}
-
- /*
- * Because there is no grace period in progress right now,
- * any callbacks we have up to this point will be satisfied
- * by the next grace period. So this is a good place to
- * assign a grace period number to recently posted callbacks.
- */
- rcu_accelerate_cbs(rsp, rnp, rdp);
-
rsp->gp_flags = RCU_GP_FLAG_INIT;
- raw_spin_unlock(&rnp->lock); /* Interrupts remain disabled. */
-
- /* Ensure that CPU is aware of completion of last grace period. */
- rcu_process_gp_end(rsp, rdp);
- local_irq_restore(flags);
/* Wake up rcu_gp_kthread() to start the grace period. */
wake_up(&rsp->gp_wq);
}
/*
+ * Similar to rcu_start_gp_advanced(), but also advance the calling CPU's
+ * callbacks. Note that rcu_start_gp_advanced() cannot do this because it
+ * is invoked indirectly from rcu_advance_cbs(), which would result in
+ * endless recursion -- or would do so if it wasn't for the self-deadlock
+ * that is encountered beforehand.
+ */
+static void
+rcu_start_gp(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+{
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
+ struct rcu_node *rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
+
+ /*
+ * If there is no grace period in progress right now, any
+ * callbacks we have up to this point will be satisfied by the
+ * next grace period. Also, advancing the callbacks reduces the
+ * probability of false positives from cpu_needs_another_gp()
+ * resulting in pointless grace periods. So, advance callbacks
+ * then start the grace period!
+ */
+ rcu_advance_cbs(rsp, rnp, rdp);
+ rcu_start_gp_advanced(rsp, rnp, rdp);
+}
+
+/*
* Report a full set of quiescent states to the specified rcu_state
* data structure. This involves cleaning up after the prior grace
* period and letting rcu_start_gp() start up the next grace period
- * if one is needed. Note that the caller must hold rnp->lock, as
- * required by rcu_start_gp(), which will release it.
+ * if one is needed. Note that the caller must hold rnp->lock, which
+ * is released before return.
*/
static void rcu_report_qs_rsp(struct rcu_state *rsp, unsigned long flags)
__releases(rcu_get_root(rsp)->lock)
@@ -2124,7 +2259,8 @@ __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_state *rsp)
local_irq_save(flags);
if (cpu_needs_another_gp(rsp, rdp)) {
raw_spin_lock(&rcu_get_root(rsp)->lock); /* irqs disabled. */
- rcu_start_gp(rsp, flags); /* releases above lock */
+ rcu_start_gp(rsp);
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rcu_get_root(rsp)->lock, flags);
} else {
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
@@ -2169,7 +2305,8 @@ static void invoke_rcu_callbacks(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
static void invoke_rcu_core(void)
{
- raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
+ if (cpu_online(smp_processor_id()))
+ raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
}
/*
@@ -2204,11 +2341,11 @@ static void __call_rcu_core(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp,
/* Start a new grace period if one not already started. */
if (!rcu_gp_in_progress(rsp)) {
- unsigned long nestflag;
struct rcu_node *rnp_root = rcu_get_root(rsp);
- raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rnp_root->lock, nestflag);
- rcu_start_gp(rsp, nestflag); /* rlses rnp_root->lock */
+ raw_spin_lock(&rnp_root->lock);
+ rcu_start_gp(rsp);
+ raw_spin_unlock(&rnp_root->lock);
} else {
/* Give the grace period a kick. */
rdp->blimit = LONG_MAX;
@@ -2628,19 +2765,27 @@ static int rcu_pending(int cpu)
}
/*
- * Check to see if any future RCU-related work will need to be done
- * by the current CPU, even if none need be done immediately, returning
- * 1 if so.
+ * Return true if the specified CPU has any callback. If all_lazy is
+ * non-NULL, store an indication of whether all callbacks are lazy.
+ * (If there are no callbacks, all of them are deemed to be lazy.)
*/
-static int rcu_cpu_has_callbacks(int cpu)
+static int rcu_cpu_has_callbacks(int cpu, bool *all_lazy)
{
+ bool al = true;
+ bool hc = false;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp;
struct rcu_state *rsp;
- /* RCU callbacks either ready or pending? */
- for_each_rcu_flavor(rsp)
- if (per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu)->nxtlist)
- return 1;
- return 0;
+ for_each_rcu_flavor(rsp) {
+ rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu);
+ if (rdp->qlen != rdp->qlen_lazy)
+ al = false;
+ if (rdp->nxtlist)
+ hc = true;
+ }
+ if (all_lazy)
+ *all_lazy = al;
+ return hc;
}
/*
@@ -2859,7 +3004,6 @@ rcu_init_percpu_data(int cpu, struct rcu_state *rsp, int preemptible)
rdp->dynticks->dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_EXIT_IDLE;
atomic_set(&rdp->dynticks->dynticks,
(atomic_read(&rdp->dynticks->dynticks) & ~0x1) + 1);
- rcu_prepare_for_idle_init(cpu);
raw_spin_unlock(&rnp->lock); /* irqs remain disabled. */
/* Add CPU to rcu_node bitmasks. */
@@ -2909,7 +3053,6 @@ static int __cpuinit rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
struct rcu_data *rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rcu_state->rda, cpu);
struct rcu_node *rnp = rdp->mynode;
struct rcu_state *rsp;
- int ret = NOTIFY_OK;
trace_rcu_utilization("Start CPU hotplug");
switch (action) {
@@ -2923,21 +3066,12 @@ static int __cpuinit rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
rcu_boost_kthread_setaffinity(rnp, -1);
break;
case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE:
- if (nocb_cpu_expendable(cpu))
- rcu_boost_kthread_setaffinity(rnp, cpu);
- else
- ret = NOTIFY_BAD;
+ rcu_boost_kthread_setaffinity(rnp, cpu);
break;
case CPU_DYING:
case CPU_DYING_FROZEN:
- /*
- * The whole machine is "stopped" except this CPU, so we can
- * touch any data without introducing corruption. We send the
- * dying CPU's callbacks to an arbitrarily chosen online CPU.
- */
for_each_rcu_flavor(rsp)
rcu_cleanup_dying_cpu(rsp);
- rcu_cleanup_after_idle(cpu);
break;
case CPU_DEAD:
case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN:
@@ -2950,7 +3084,7 @@ static int __cpuinit rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
break;
}
trace_rcu_utilization("End CPU hotplug");
- return ret;
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
}
/*
@@ -3085,6 +3219,7 @@ static void __init rcu_init_one(struct rcu_state *rsp,
}
rnp->level = i;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rnp->blkd_tasks);
+ rcu_init_one_nocb(rnp);
}
}
@@ -3170,8 +3305,7 @@ void __init rcu_init(void)
rcu_init_one(&rcu_sched_state, &rcu_sched_data);
rcu_init_one(&rcu_bh_state, &rcu_bh_data);
__rcu_init_preempt();
- rcu_init_nocb();
- open_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ, rcu_process_callbacks);
+ open_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ, rcu_process_callbacks);
/*
* We don't need protection against CPU-hotplug here because