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authorRafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com>2012-12-11 16:02:45 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-12-11 17:22:27 -0800
commite22504296d4f64fbbbd741602ab47ee874649c18 (patch)
treea21e72dfae575091beb338aaedc939a3777e8828 /drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
parentbf6bddf1924eaebf2beb85e4249a89dd16d4eed6 (diff)
downloadvexpress-lsk-e22504296d4f64fbbbd741602ab47ee874649c18.tar.gz
virtio_balloon: introduce migration primitives to balloon pages
Memory fragmentation introduced by ballooning might reduce significantly the number of 2MB contiguous memory blocks that can be used within a guest, thus imposing performance penalties associated with the reduced number of transparent huge pages that could be used by the guest workload. Besides making balloon pages movable at allocation time and introducing the necessary primitives to perform balloon page migration/compaction, this patch also introduces the following locking scheme, in order to enhance the syncronization methods for accessing elements of struct virtio_balloon, thus providing protection against concurrent access introduced by parallel memory migration threads. - balloon_lock (mutex) : synchronizes the access demand to elements of struct virtio_balloon and its queue operations; [yongjun_wei@trendmicro.com.cn: fix missing unlock on error in fill_balloon()] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: avoid having multiple return points in fill_balloon()] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix printk warning]Signed-off-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Acked-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Wei Yongjun <yongjun_wei@trendmicro.com.cn> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c')
-rw-r--r--drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c151
1 files changed, 132 insertions, 19 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
index 0908e604433..2a70558b36e 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
+++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
@@ -27,13 +27,15 @@
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/balloon_compaction.h>
/*
* Balloon device works in 4K page units. So each page is pointed to by
* multiple balloon pages. All memory counters in this driver are in balloon
* page units.
*/
-#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_PAGES_PER_PAGE (PAGE_SIZE >> VIRTIO_BALLOON_PFN_SHIFT)
+#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_PAGES_PER_PAGE (unsigned)(PAGE_SIZE >> VIRTIO_BALLOON_PFN_SHIFT)
+#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_ARRAY_PFNS_MAX 256
struct virtio_balloon
{
@@ -52,15 +54,19 @@ struct virtio_balloon
/* Number of balloon pages we've told the Host we're not using. */
unsigned int num_pages;
/*
- * The pages we've told the Host we're not using.
+ * The pages we've told the Host we're not using are enqueued
+ * at vb_dev_info->pages list.
* Each page on this list adds VIRTIO_BALLOON_PAGES_PER_PAGE
* to num_pages above.
*/
- struct list_head pages;
+ struct balloon_dev_info *vb_dev_info;
+
+ /* Synchronize access/update to this struct virtio_balloon elements */
+ struct mutex balloon_lock;
/* The array of pfns we tell the Host about. */
unsigned int num_pfns;
- u32 pfns[256];
+ u32 pfns[VIRTIO_BALLOON_ARRAY_PFNS_MAX];
/* Memory statistics */
int need_stats_update;
@@ -122,18 +128,21 @@ static void set_page_pfns(u32 pfns[], struct page *page)
static void fill_balloon(struct virtio_balloon *vb, size_t num)
{
+ struct balloon_dev_info *vb_dev_info = vb->vb_dev_info;
+
/* We can only do one array worth at a time. */
num = min(num, ARRAY_SIZE(vb->pfns));
+ mutex_lock(&vb->balloon_lock);
for (vb->num_pfns = 0; vb->num_pfns < num;
vb->num_pfns += VIRTIO_BALLOON_PAGES_PER_PAGE) {
- struct page *page = alloc_page(GFP_HIGHUSER | __GFP_NORETRY |
- __GFP_NOMEMALLOC | __GFP_NOWARN);
+ struct page *page = balloon_page_enqueue(vb_dev_info);
+
if (!page) {
if (printk_ratelimit())
dev_printk(KERN_INFO, &vb->vdev->dev,
- "Out of puff! Can't get %zu pages\n",
- num);
+ "Out of puff! Can't get %u pages\n",
+ VIRTIO_BALLOON_PAGES_PER_PAGE);
/* Sleep for at least 1/5 of a second before retry. */
msleep(200);
break;
@@ -141,14 +150,12 @@ static void fill_balloon(struct virtio_balloon *vb, size_t num)
set_page_pfns(vb->pfns + vb->num_pfns, page);
vb->num_pages += VIRTIO_BALLOON_PAGES_PER_PAGE;
totalram_pages--;
- list_add(&page->lru, &vb->pages);
}
- /* Didn't get any? Oh well. */
- if (vb->num_pfns == 0)
- return;
-
- tell_host(vb, vb->inflate_vq);
+ /* Did we get any? */
+ if (vb->num_pfns != 0)
+ tell_host(vb, vb->inflate_vq);
+ mutex_unlock(&vb->balloon_lock);
}
static void release_pages_by_pfn(const u32 pfns[], unsigned int num)
@@ -157,7 +164,7 @@ static void release_pages_by_pfn(const u32 pfns[], unsigned int num)
/* Find pfns pointing at start of each page, get pages and free them. */
for (i = 0; i < num; i += VIRTIO_BALLOON_PAGES_PER_PAGE) {
- __free_page(balloon_pfn_to_page(pfns[i]));
+ balloon_page_free(balloon_pfn_to_page(pfns[i]));
totalram_pages++;
}
}
@@ -165,14 +172,17 @@ static void release_pages_by_pfn(const u32 pfns[], unsigned int num)
static void leak_balloon(struct virtio_balloon *vb, size_t num)
{
struct page *page;
+ struct balloon_dev_info *vb_dev_info = vb->vb_dev_info;
/* We can only do one array worth at a time. */
num = min(num, ARRAY_SIZE(vb->pfns));
+ mutex_lock(&vb->balloon_lock);
for (vb->num_pfns = 0; vb->num_pfns < num;
vb->num_pfns += VIRTIO_BALLOON_PAGES_PER_PAGE) {
- page = list_first_entry(&vb->pages, struct page, lru);
- list_del(&page->lru);
+ page = balloon_page_dequeue(vb_dev_info);
+ if (!page)
+ break;
set_page_pfns(vb->pfns + vb->num_pfns, page);
vb->num_pages -= VIRTIO_BALLOON_PAGES_PER_PAGE;
}
@@ -183,6 +193,7 @@ static void leak_balloon(struct virtio_balloon *vb, size_t num)
* is true, we *have* to do it in this order
*/
tell_host(vb, vb->deflate_vq);
+ mutex_unlock(&vb->balloon_lock);
release_pages_by_pfn(vb->pfns, vb->num_pfns);
}
@@ -339,9 +350,84 @@ static int init_vqs(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
return 0;
}
+static const struct address_space_operations virtio_balloon_aops;
+#ifdef CONFIG_BALLOON_COMPACTION
+/*
+ * virtballoon_migratepage - perform the balloon page migration on behalf of
+ * a compation thread. (called under page lock)
+ * @mapping: the page->mapping which will be assigned to the new migrated page.
+ * @newpage: page that will replace the isolated page after migration finishes.
+ * @page : the isolated (old) page that is about to be migrated to newpage.
+ * @mode : compaction mode -- not used for balloon page migration.
+ *
+ * After a ballooned page gets isolated by compaction procedures, this is the
+ * function that performs the page migration on behalf of a compaction thread
+ * The page migration for virtio balloon is done in a simple swap fashion which
+ * follows these two macro steps:
+ * 1) insert newpage into vb->pages list and update the host about it;
+ * 2) update the host about the old page removed from vb->pages list;
+ *
+ * This function preforms the balloon page migration task.
+ * Called through balloon_mapping->a_ops->migratepage
+ */
+int virtballoon_migratepage(struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct page *newpage, struct page *page, enum migrate_mode mode)
+{
+ struct balloon_dev_info *vb_dev_info = balloon_page_device(page);
+ struct virtio_balloon *vb;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ BUG_ON(!vb_dev_info);
+
+ vb = vb_dev_info->balloon_device;
+
+ /*
+ * In order to avoid lock contention while migrating pages concurrently
+ * to leak_balloon() or fill_balloon() we just give up the balloon_lock
+ * this turn, as it is easier to retry the page migration later.
+ * This also prevents fill_balloon() getting stuck into a mutex
+ * recursion in the case it ends up triggering memory compaction
+ * while it is attempting to inflate the ballon.
+ */
+ if (!mutex_trylock(&vb->balloon_lock))
+ return -EAGAIN;
+
+ /* balloon's page migration 1st step -- inflate "newpage" */
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&vb_dev_info->pages_lock, flags);
+ balloon_page_insert(newpage, mapping, &vb_dev_info->pages);
+ vb_dev_info->isolated_pages--;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vb_dev_info->pages_lock, flags);
+ vb->num_pfns = VIRTIO_BALLOON_PAGES_PER_PAGE;
+ set_page_pfns(vb->pfns, newpage);
+ tell_host(vb, vb->inflate_vq);
+
+ /*
+ * balloon's page migration 2nd step -- deflate "page"
+ *
+ * It's safe to delete page->lru here because this page is at
+ * an isolated migration list, and this step is expected to happen here
+ */
+ balloon_page_delete(page);
+ vb->num_pfns = VIRTIO_BALLOON_PAGES_PER_PAGE;
+ set_page_pfns(vb->pfns, page);
+ tell_host(vb, vb->deflate_vq);
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vb->balloon_lock);
+
+ return MIGRATEPAGE_BALLOON_SUCCESS;
+}
+
+/* define the balloon_mapping->a_ops callback to allow balloon page migration */
+static const struct address_space_operations virtio_balloon_aops = {
+ .migratepage = virtballoon_migratepage,
+};
+#endif /* CONFIG_BALLOON_COMPACTION */
+
static int virtballoon_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
struct virtio_balloon *vb;
+ struct address_space *vb_mapping;
+ struct balloon_dev_info *vb_devinfo;
int err;
vdev->priv = vb = kmalloc(sizeof(*vb), GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -350,16 +436,37 @@ static int virtballoon_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
goto out;
}
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vb->pages);
vb->num_pages = 0;
+ mutex_init(&vb->balloon_lock);
init_waitqueue_head(&vb->config_change);
init_waitqueue_head(&vb->acked);
vb->vdev = vdev;
vb->need_stats_update = 0;
+ vb_devinfo = balloon_devinfo_alloc(vb);
+ if (IS_ERR(vb_devinfo)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(vb_devinfo);
+ goto out_free_vb;
+ }
+
+ vb_mapping = balloon_mapping_alloc(vb_devinfo,
+ (balloon_compaction_check()) ?
+ &virtio_balloon_aops : NULL);
+ if (IS_ERR(vb_mapping)) {
+ /*
+ * IS_ERR(vb_mapping) && PTR_ERR(vb_mapping) == -EOPNOTSUPP
+ * This means !CONFIG_BALLOON_COMPACTION, otherwise we get off.
+ */
+ err = PTR_ERR(vb_mapping);
+ if (err != -EOPNOTSUPP)
+ goto out_free_vb_devinfo;
+ }
+
+ vb->vb_dev_info = vb_devinfo;
+
err = init_vqs(vb);
if (err)
- goto out_free_vb;
+ goto out_free_vb_mapping;
vb->thread = kthread_run(balloon, vb, "vballoon");
if (IS_ERR(vb->thread)) {
@@ -371,6 +478,10 @@ static int virtballoon_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
out_del_vqs:
vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
+out_free_vb_mapping:
+ balloon_mapping_free(vb_mapping);
+out_free_vb_devinfo:
+ balloon_devinfo_free(vb_devinfo);
out_free_vb:
kfree(vb);
out:
@@ -396,6 +507,8 @@ static void __devexit virtballoon_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
kthread_stop(vb->thread);
remove_common(vb);
+ balloon_mapping_free(vb->vb_dev_info->mapping);
+ balloon_devinfo_free(vb->vb_dev_info);
kfree(vb);
}