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authorNicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@linaro.org>2012-04-12 02:56:10 -0400
committerNicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@linaro.org>2013-05-13 15:05:06 -0400
commit150dbebaaed5e501a0676017d5a0b6f272f5d45f (patch)
tree3a57b4cf8b2cba2fb5304b810dbe0c32b4ac5160 /arch/arm/common/Makefile
parent2ca74db3644d1f69ce40ae387d82b9db82938afc (diff)
downloadvexpress-lsk-150dbebaaed5e501a0676017d5a0b6f272f5d45f.tar.gz
ARM: b.L: core switcher code
The main entry point for a switch request is: void bL_switch_request(unsigned int cpu, unsigned int new_cluster_id) If the calling CPU is not the wanted one, this wrapper takes care of sending the request to the appropriate CPU with schedule_work_on(). In the future, some switching related tasks which do not require a strict CPU affinity might be moved here though. At the moment the core switch operation is handled by bL_switch_to() which must be called on the CPU for which a switch is requested. What this code does: * Return early if the current cluster is the wanted one. * Close the gate in the kernel entry vector for both the inbound and outbound CPUs. * Wake up the inbound CPU so it can perform its reset sequence in parallel up to the kernel entry vector gate. * Migrate all interrupts in the GIC targeting the outbound CPU interface to the inbound CPU interface, including SGIs. This is performed by gic_migrate_target() in arch/arm/common/gic.c. * Shut down the local timer for the outbound CPU. * Call cpu_pm_enter() which takes care of flushing the VFP state to RAM and save the CPU interface config from the GIC to RAM. * Call cpu_suspend() which saves the CPU state (general purpose registers, page table address) onto the stack and store the resulting stack pointer in an array indexed by processor number, then call the provided shutdown function. This happens in arch/arm/kernel/sleep.S. At this point, the provided shutdown function executed by the outbound CPU ungates the inbound CPU. Therefore the inbound CPU: * Picks up the saved stack pointer in the array indexed by processor number above. At the moment the corresponding code in arch/arm/kernel/sleep.S only looks at the CPU number field in the MPIDR so the current code works unmodified even if the new CPU comes from a different cluster. * The MMU and caches are re-enabled using the saved state on the provided stack, just like if this was a resume operation from a suspended state. * Then cpu_suspend() returns, although this is on the inbound CPU rather than the outbound CPU which called it initially. * The function cpu_pm_exit() is called which effect is to restore the CPU interface state in the GIC using the state previously saved by the outbound CPU. * The local timer on the inbound CPU is restored. * Exit of bL_switch_to() to resume normal kernel execution on the new CPU. However, the outbound CPU is potentially still running in parallel while the inbound CPU is resuming normal kernel execution, hence we need per CPU stack isolation to execute bL_do_switch(). After the outbound CPU has ungated the inbound CPU, it calls bL_cpu_power_down() to: * Clean its L1 cache. * If it is the last CPU still alive in its cluster (last man standing), it also cleans its L2 cache and disables cache snooping from the other cluster. Code called from bL_do_switch() might end up referencing 'current' for some reasons. However, 'current' is derived from the stack pointer. With any arbitrary stack, the returned value for 'current' and any dereferenced values through it are just random garbage which may lead to segmentation faults. The active page table during the execution of bL_do_switch() is also a problem. There is no guarantee that the inbound CPU won't destroy the corresponding task which would free the attached page table while the outbound CPU is still running and relying on it. To solve both issues, we borrow some of the task space belonging to the init/idle task which, by its nature, is lightly used and therefore is unlikely to clash with our usage. The init task is also never going away. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/arm/common/Makefile')
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/common/Makefile1
1 files changed, 1 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm/common/Makefile b/arch/arm/common/Makefile
index 53e68b16319..ed4c4892012 100644
--- a/arch/arm/common/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm/common/Makefile
@@ -14,3 +14,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_TIMER_SP804) += timer-sp.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MCPM) += mcpm_head.o mcpm_entry.o mcpm_platsmp.o vlock.o
AFLAGS_mcpm_head.o := -march=armv7-a
AFLAGS_vlock.o := -march=armv7-a
+obj-$(CONFIG_BL_SWITCHER) += bL_switcher.o