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authorWu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>2009-12-16 12:19:58 +0100
committerAndi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>2009-12-16 12:19:58 +0100
commit847ce401df392b0704369fd3f75df614ac1414b4 (patch)
tree7c5021386dedea0d12f8a05b00c5267c4d28e426
parent8d22ba1b74aa9420b6032d856446564fb21f8090 (diff)
downloadvexpress-lsk-847ce401df392b0704369fd3f75df614ac1414b4.tar.gz
HWPOISON: Add unpoisoning support
The unpoisoning interface is useful for stress testing tools to reclaim poisoned pages (to prevent OOM) There is no hardware level unpoisioning, so this cannot be used for real memory errors, only for software injected errors. Note that it may leak pages silently - those who have been removed from LRU cache, but not isolated from page cache/swap cache at hwpoison time. Especially the stress test of dirty swap cache pages shall reboot system before exhausting memory. AK: Fix comments, add documentation, add printks, rename symbol Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/vm/hwpoison.txt16
-rw-r--r--include/linux/mm.h1
-rw-r--r--include/linux/page-flags.h2
-rw-r--r--mm/hwpoison-inject.c36
-rw-r--r--mm/memory-failure.c68
5 files changed, 114 insertions, 9 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/vm/hwpoison.txt b/Documentation/vm/hwpoison.txt
index 3ffadf8da61..f047e75acb2 100644
--- a/Documentation/vm/hwpoison.txt
+++ b/Documentation/vm/hwpoison.txt
@@ -98,10 +98,22 @@ madvise(MADV_POISON, ....)
hwpoison-inject module through debugfs
- /sys/debug/hwpoison/corrupt-pfn
-Inject hwpoison fault at PFN echoed into this file
+/sys/debug/hwpoison/
+corrupt-pfn
+
+Inject hwpoison fault at PFN echoed into this file.
+
+unpoison-pfn
+
+Software-unpoison page at PFN echoed into this file. This
+way a page can be reused again.
+This only works for Linux injected failures, not for real
+memory failures.
+
+Note these injection interfaces are not stable and might change between
+kernel versions
Architecture specific MCE injector
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 135e19198cd..8cdb941fc7b 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1336,6 +1336,7 @@ enum mf_flags {
};
extern void memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int trapno);
extern int __memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int trapno, int flags);
+extern int unpoison_memory(unsigned long pfn);
extern int sysctl_memory_failure_early_kill;
extern int sysctl_memory_failure_recovery;
extern void shake_page(struct page *p);
diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
index 49e907bd067..f9df6308af9 100644
--- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
@@ -275,7 +275,7 @@ PAGEFLAG_FALSE(Uncached)
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE
PAGEFLAG(HWPoison, hwpoison)
-TESTSETFLAG(HWPoison, hwpoison)
+TESTSCFLAG(HWPoison, hwpoison)
#define __PG_HWPOISON (1UL << PG_hwpoison)
#else
PAGEFLAG_FALSE(HWPoison)
diff --git a/mm/hwpoison-inject.c b/mm/hwpoison-inject.c
index e1d85137f08..6e35e563bf5 100644
--- a/mm/hwpoison-inject.c
+++ b/mm/hwpoison-inject.c
@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
-static struct dentry *hwpoison_dir, *corrupt_pfn;
+static struct dentry *hwpoison_dir;
static int hwpoison_inject(void *data, u64 val)
{
@@ -14,7 +14,16 @@ static int hwpoison_inject(void *data, u64 val)
return __memory_failure(val, 18, 0);
}
+static int hwpoison_unpoison(void *data, u64 val)
+{
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ return unpoison_memory(val);
+}
+
DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(hwpoison_fops, NULL, hwpoison_inject, "%lli\n");
+DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(unpoison_fops, NULL, hwpoison_unpoison, "%lli\n");
static void pfn_inject_exit(void)
{
@@ -24,16 +33,31 @@ static void pfn_inject_exit(void)
static int pfn_inject_init(void)
{
+ struct dentry *dentry;
+
hwpoison_dir = debugfs_create_dir("hwpoison", NULL);
if (hwpoison_dir == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
- corrupt_pfn = debugfs_create_file("corrupt-pfn", 0600, hwpoison_dir,
+
+ /*
+ * Note that the below poison/unpoison interfaces do not involve
+ * hardware status change, hence do not require hardware support.
+ * They are mainly for testing hwpoison in software level.
+ */
+ dentry = debugfs_create_file("corrupt-pfn", 0600, hwpoison_dir,
NULL, &hwpoison_fops);
- if (corrupt_pfn == NULL) {
- pfn_inject_exit();
- return -ENOMEM;
- }
+ if (!dentry)
+ goto fail;
+
+ dentry = debugfs_create_file("unpoison-pfn", 0600, hwpoison_dir,
+ NULL, &unpoison_fops);
+ if (!dentry)
+ goto fail;
+
return 0;
+fail:
+ pfn_inject_exit();
+ return -ENOMEM;
}
module_init(pfn_inject_init);
diff --git a/mm/memory-failure.c b/mm/memory-failure.c
index 5055b940df5..ed6e91c87a5 100644
--- a/mm/memory-failure.c
+++ b/mm/memory-failure.c
@@ -838,6 +838,16 @@ int __memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int trapno, int flags)
* and in many cases impossible, so we just avoid it here.
*/
lock_page_nosync(p);
+
+ /*
+ * unpoison always clear PG_hwpoison inside page lock
+ */
+ if (!PageHWPoison(p)) {
+ action_result(pfn, "unpoisoned", IGNORED);
+ res = 0;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
wait_on_page_writeback(p);
/*
@@ -893,3 +903,61 @@ void memory_failure(unsigned long pfn, int trapno)
{
__memory_failure(pfn, trapno, 0);
}
+
+/**
+ * unpoison_memory - Unpoison a previously poisoned page
+ * @pfn: Page number of the to be unpoisoned page
+ *
+ * Software-unpoison a page that has been poisoned by
+ * memory_failure() earlier.
+ *
+ * This is only done on the software-level, so it only works
+ * for linux injected failures, not real hardware failures
+ *
+ * Returns 0 for success, otherwise -errno.
+ */
+int unpoison_memory(unsigned long pfn)
+{
+ struct page *page;
+ struct page *p;
+ int freeit = 0;
+
+ if (!pfn_valid(pfn))
+ return -ENXIO;
+
+ p = pfn_to_page(pfn);
+ page = compound_head(p);
+
+ if (!PageHWPoison(p)) {
+ pr_debug("MCE: Page was already unpoisoned %#lx\n", pfn);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (!get_page_unless_zero(page)) {
+ if (TestClearPageHWPoison(p))
+ atomic_long_dec(&mce_bad_pages);
+ pr_debug("MCE: Software-unpoisoned free page %#lx\n", pfn);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ lock_page_nosync(page);
+ /*
+ * This test is racy because PG_hwpoison is set outside of page lock.
+ * That's acceptable because that won't trigger kernel panic. Instead,
+ * the PG_hwpoison page will be caught and isolated on the entrance to
+ * the free buddy page pool.
+ */
+ if (TestClearPageHWPoison(p)) {
+ pr_debug("MCE: Software-unpoisoned page %#lx\n", pfn);
+ atomic_long_dec(&mce_bad_pages);
+ freeit = 1;
+ }
+ unlock_page(page);
+
+ put_page(page);
+ if (freeit)
+ put_page(page);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(unpoison_memory);