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authorPaul Menage <menage@google.com>2007-10-18 23:40:22 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>2007-10-19 11:53:41 -0700
commit8707d8b8c0cbdf4441507f8dded194167da896c7 (patch)
tree1e9ac6b15027bd55263378e551c1595a937d66d6
parent020958b6272882c1a8bfbe5f3e0927f3845c2698 (diff)
downloadvexpress-lsk-8707d8b8c0cbdf4441507f8dded194167da896c7.tar.gz
Fix cpusets update_cpumask
Cause writes to cpuset "cpus" file to update cpus_allowed for member tasks: - collect batches of tasks under tasklist_lock and then call set_cpus_allowed() on them outside the lock (since this can sleep). - add a simple generic priority heap type to allow efficient collection of batches of tasks to be processed without duplicating or missing any tasks in subsequent batches. - make "cpus" file update a no-op if the mask hasn't changed - fix race between update_cpumask() and sched_setaffinity() by making sched_setaffinity() post-check that it's not running on any cpus outside cpuset_cpus_allowed(). [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Paul Menage <menage@google.com> Cc: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Cedric Le Goater <clg@fr.ibm.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--include/linux/prio_heap.h58
-rw-r--r--kernel/cpuset.c105
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched.c13
-rw-r--r--lib/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--lib/prio_heap.c70
5 files changed, 243 insertions, 5 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/prio_heap.h b/include/linux/prio_heap.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..08094350f26
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/prio_heap.h
@@ -0,0 +1,58 @@
+#ifndef _LINUX_PRIO_HEAP_H
+#define _LINUX_PRIO_HEAP_H
+
+/*
+ * Simple insertion-only static-sized priority heap containing
+ * pointers, based on CLR, chapter 7
+ */
+
+#include <linux/gfp.h>
+
+/**
+ * struct ptr_heap - simple static-sized priority heap
+ * @ptrs - pointer to data area
+ * @max - max number of elements that can be stored in @ptrs
+ * @size - current number of valid elements in @ptrs (in the range 0..@size-1
+ * @gt: comparison operator, which should implement "greater than"
+ */
+struct ptr_heap {
+ void **ptrs;
+ int max;
+ int size;
+ int (*gt)(void *, void *);
+};
+
+/**
+ * heap_init - initialize an empty heap with a given memory size
+ * @heap: the heap structure to be initialized
+ * @size: amount of memory to use in bytes
+ * @gfp_mask: mask to pass to kmalloc()
+ * @gt: comparison operator, which should implement "greater than"
+ */
+extern int heap_init(struct ptr_heap *heap, size_t size, gfp_t gfp_mask,
+ int (*gt)(void *, void *));
+
+/**
+ * heap_free - release a heap's storage
+ * @heap: the heap structure whose data should be released
+ */
+void heap_free(struct ptr_heap *heap);
+
+/**
+ * heap_insert - insert a value into the heap and return any overflowed value
+ * @heap: the heap to be operated on
+ * @p: the pointer to be inserted
+ *
+ * Attempts to insert the given value into the priority heap. If the
+ * heap is full prior to the insertion, then the resulting heap will
+ * consist of the smallest @max elements of the original heap and the
+ * new element; the greatest element will be removed from the heap and
+ * returned. Note that the returned element will be the new element
+ * (i.e. no change to the heap) if the new element is greater than all
+ * elements currently in the heap.
+ */
+extern void *heap_insert(struct ptr_heap *heap, void *p);
+
+
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_PRIO_HEAP_H */
diff --git a/kernel/cpuset.c b/kernel/cpuset.c
index 64ad59cfad9..fa31cb9f989 100644
--- a/kernel/cpuset.c
+++ b/kernel/cpuset.c
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
+#include <linux/prio_heap.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
@@ -701,6 +702,36 @@ done:
/* Don't kfree(doms) -- partition_sched_domains() does that. */
}
+static inline int started_after_time(struct task_struct *t1,
+ struct timespec *time,
+ struct task_struct *t2)
+{
+ int start_diff = timespec_compare(&t1->start_time, time);
+ if (start_diff > 0) {
+ return 1;
+ } else if (start_diff < 0) {
+ return 0;
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * Arbitrarily, if two processes started at the same
+ * time, we'll say that the lower pointer value
+ * started first. Note that t2 may have exited by now
+ * so this may not be a valid pointer any longer, but
+ * that's fine - it still serves to distinguish
+ * between two tasks started (effectively)
+ * simultaneously.
+ */
+ return t1 > t2;
+ }
+}
+
+static inline int started_after(void *p1, void *p2)
+{
+ struct task_struct *t1 = p1;
+ struct task_struct *t2 = p2;
+ return started_after_time(t1, &t2->start_time, t2);
+}
+
/*
* Call with manage_mutex held. May take callback_mutex during call.
*/
@@ -708,8 +739,15 @@ done:
static int update_cpumask(struct cpuset *cs, char *buf)
{
struct cpuset trialcs;
- int retval;
- int cpus_changed, is_load_balanced;
+ int retval, i;
+ int is_load_balanced;
+ struct cgroup_iter it;
+ struct cgroup *cgrp = cs->css.cgroup;
+ struct task_struct *p, *dropped;
+ /* Never dereference latest_task, since it's not refcounted */
+ struct task_struct *latest_task = NULL;
+ struct ptr_heap heap;
+ struct timespec latest_time = { 0, 0 };
/* top_cpuset.cpus_allowed tracks cpu_online_map; it's read-only */
if (cs == &top_cpuset)
@@ -736,14 +774,73 @@ static int update_cpumask(struct cpuset *cs, char *buf)
if (retval < 0)
return retval;
- cpus_changed = !cpus_equal(cs->cpus_allowed, trialcs.cpus_allowed);
+ /* Nothing to do if the cpus didn't change */
+ if (cpus_equal(cs->cpus_allowed, trialcs.cpus_allowed))
+ return 0;
+ retval = heap_init(&heap, PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL, &started_after);
+ if (retval)
+ return retval;
+
is_load_balanced = is_sched_load_balance(&trialcs);
mutex_lock(&callback_mutex);
cs->cpus_allowed = trialcs.cpus_allowed;
mutex_unlock(&callback_mutex);
- if (cpus_changed && is_load_balanced)
+ again:
+ /*
+ * Scan tasks in the cpuset, and update the cpumasks of any
+ * that need an update. Since we can't call set_cpus_allowed()
+ * while holding tasklist_lock, gather tasks to be processed
+ * in a heap structure. If the statically-sized heap fills up,
+ * overflow tasks that started later, and in future iterations
+ * only consider tasks that started after the latest task in
+ * the previous pass. This guarantees forward progress and
+ * that we don't miss any tasks
+ */
+ heap.size = 0;
+ cgroup_iter_start(cgrp, &it);
+ while ((p = cgroup_iter_next(cgrp, &it))) {
+ /* Only affect tasks that don't have the right cpus_allowed */
+ if (cpus_equal(p->cpus_allowed, cs->cpus_allowed))
+ continue;
+ /*
+ * Only process tasks that started after the last task
+ * we processed
+ */
+ if (!started_after_time(p, &latest_time, latest_task))
+ continue;
+ dropped = heap_insert(&heap, p);
+ if (dropped == NULL) {
+ get_task_struct(p);
+ } else if (dropped != p) {
+ get_task_struct(p);
+ put_task_struct(dropped);
+ }
+ }
+ cgroup_iter_end(cgrp, &it);
+ if (heap.size) {
+ for (i = 0; i < heap.size; i++) {
+ struct task_struct *p = heap.ptrs[i];
+ if (i == 0) {
+ latest_time = p->start_time;
+ latest_task = p;
+ }
+ set_cpus_allowed(p, cs->cpus_allowed);
+ put_task_struct(p);
+ }
+ /*
+ * If we had to process any tasks at all, scan again
+ * in case some of them were in the middle of forking
+ * children that didn't notice the new cpumask
+ * restriction. Not the most efficient way to do it,
+ * but it avoids having to take callback_mutex in the
+ * fork path
+ */
+ goto again;
+ }
+ heap_free(&heap);
+ if (is_load_balanced)
rebuild_sched_domains();
return 0;
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 39d6354af48..72a809a54d5 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -4471,8 +4471,21 @@ long sched_setaffinity(pid_t pid, cpumask_t new_mask)
cpus_allowed = cpuset_cpus_allowed(p);
cpus_and(new_mask, new_mask, cpus_allowed);
+ again:
retval = set_cpus_allowed(p, new_mask);
+ if (!retval) {
+ cpus_allowed = cpuset_cpus_allowed(p);
+ if (!cpus_subset(new_mask, cpus_allowed)) {
+ /*
+ * We must have raced with a concurrent cpuset
+ * update. Just reset the cpus_allowed to the
+ * cpuset's cpus_allowed
+ */
+ new_mask = cpus_allowed;
+ goto again;
+ }
+ }
out_unlock:
put_task_struct(p);
mutex_unlock(&sched_hotcpu_mutex);
diff --git a/lib/Makefile b/lib/Makefile
index c5f215d509d..3a0983b7741 100644
--- a/lib/Makefile
+++ b/lib/Makefile
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@ lib-y := ctype.o string.o vsprintf.o cmdline.o \
rbtree.o radix-tree.o dump_stack.o \
idr.o int_sqrt.o bitmap.o extable.o prio_tree.o \
sha1.o irq_regs.o reciprocal_div.o argv_split.o \
- proportions.o
+ proportions.o prio_heap.o
lib-$(CONFIG_MMU) += ioremap.o
lib-$(CONFIG_SMP) += cpumask.o
diff --git a/lib/prio_heap.c b/lib/prio_heap.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..471944a54e2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/prio_heap.c
@@ -0,0 +1,70 @@
+/*
+ * Simple insertion-only static-sized priority heap containing
+ * pointers, based on CLR, chapter 7
+ */
+
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/prio_heap.h>
+
+int heap_init(struct ptr_heap *heap, size_t size, gfp_t gfp_mask,
+ int (*gt)(void *, void *))
+{
+ heap->ptrs = kmalloc(size, gfp_mask);
+ if (!heap->ptrs)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ heap->size = 0;
+ heap->max = size / sizeof(void *);
+ heap->gt = gt;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void heap_free(struct ptr_heap *heap)
+{
+ kfree(heap->ptrs);
+}
+
+void *heap_insert(struct ptr_heap *heap, void *p)
+{
+ void *res;
+ void **ptrs = heap->ptrs;
+ int pos;
+
+ if (heap->size < heap->max) {
+ /* Heap insertion */
+ int pos = heap->size++;
+ while (pos > 0 && heap->gt(p, ptrs[(pos-1)/2])) {
+ ptrs[pos] = ptrs[(pos-1)/2];
+ pos = (pos-1)/2;
+ }
+ ptrs[pos] = p;
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ /* The heap is full, so something will have to be dropped */
+
+ /* If the new pointer is greater than the current max, drop it */
+ if (heap->gt(p, ptrs[0]))
+ return p;
+
+ /* Replace the current max and heapify */
+ res = ptrs[0];
+ ptrs[0] = p;
+ pos = 0;
+
+ while (1) {
+ int left = 2 * pos + 1;
+ int right = 2 * pos + 2;
+ int largest = pos;
+ if (left < heap->size && heap->gt(ptrs[left], p))
+ largest = left;
+ if (right < heap->size && heap->gt(ptrs[right], ptrs[largest]))
+ largest = right;
+ if (largest == pos)
+ break;
+ /* Push p down the heap one level and bump one up */
+ ptrs[pos] = ptrs[largest];
+ ptrs[largest] = p;
+ pos = largest;
+ }
+ return res;
+}