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2014-03-10mm/Kconfig: fix URL for zsmalloc benchmarkBen Hutchings
The help text for CONFIG_PGTABLE_MAPPING has an incorrect URL. While we're at it, remove the unnecessary footnote notation. Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk> Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-03-10mm/compaction: break out of loop on !PageBuddy in isolate_freepages_blockLaura Abbott
We received several reports of bad page state when freeing CMA pages previously allocated with alloc_contig_range: BUG: Bad page state in process Binder_A pfn:63202 page:d21130b0 count:0 mapcount:1 mapping: (null) index:0x7dfbf page flags: 0x40080068(uptodate|lru|active|swapbacked) Based on the page state, it looks like the page was still in use. The page flags do not make sense for the use case though. Further debugging showed that despite alloc_contig_range returning success, at least one page in the range still remained in the buddy allocator. There is an issue with isolate_freepages_block. In strict mode (which CMA uses), if any pages in the range cannot be isolated, isolate_freepages_block should return failure 0. The current check keeps track of the total number of isolated pages and compares against the size of the range: if (strict && nr_strict_required > total_isolated) total_isolated = 0; After taking the zone lock, if one of the pages in the range is not in the buddy allocator, we continue through the loop and do not increment total_isolated. If in the last iteration of the loop we isolate more than one page (e.g. last page needed is a higher order page), the check for total_isolated may pass and we fail to detect that a page was skipped. The fix is to bail out if the loop immediately if we are in strict mode. There's no benfit to continuing anyway since we need all pages to be isolated. Additionally, drop the error checking based on nr_strict_required and just check the pfn ranges. This matches with what isolate_freepages_range does. Signed-off-by: Laura Abbott <lauraa@codeaurora.org> Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Acked-by: Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <b.zolnierkie@samsung.com> Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-03-10mm: fix GFP_THISNODE callers and clarifyJohannes Weiner
GFP_THISNODE is for callers that implement their own clever fallback to remote nodes. It restricts the allocation to the specified node and does not invoke reclaim, assuming that the caller will take care of it when the fallback fails, e.g. through a subsequent allocation request without GFP_THISNODE set. However, many current GFP_THISNODE users only want the node exclusive aspect of the flag, without actually implementing their own fallback or triggering reclaim if necessary. This results in things like page migration failing prematurely even when there is easily reclaimable memory available, unless kswapd happens to be running already or a concurrent allocation attempt triggers the necessary reclaim. Convert all callsites that don't implement their own fallback strategy to __GFP_THISNODE. This restricts the allocation a single node too, but at the same time allows the allocator to enter the slowpath, wake kswapd, and invoke direct reclaim if necessary, to make the allocation happen when memory is full. Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Jan Stancek <jstancek@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-03-04mm: page_alloc: exempt GFP_THISNODE allocations from zone fairnessJohannes Weiner
Jan Stancek reports manual page migration encountering allocation failures after some pages when there is still plenty of memory free, and bisected the problem down to commit 81c0a2bb515f ("mm: page_alloc: fair zone allocator policy"). The problem is that GFP_THISNODE obeys the zone fairness allocation batches on one hand, but doesn't reset them and wake kswapd on the other hand. After a few of those allocations, the batches are exhausted and the allocations fail. Fixing this means either having GFP_THISNODE wake up kswapd, or GFP_THISNODE not participating in zone fairness at all. The latter seems safer as an acute bugfix, we can clean up later. Reported-by: Jan Stancek <jstancek@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> [3.12+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-03-04mm: include VM_MIXEDMAP flag in the VM_SPECIAL list to avoid m(un)lockingVlastimil Babka
Daniel Borkmann reported a VM_BUG_ON assertion failing: ------------[ cut here ]------------ kernel BUG at mm/mlock.c:528! invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP Modules linked in: ccm arc4 iwldvm [...] video CPU: 3 PID: 2266 Comm: netsniff-ng Not tainted 3.14.0-rc2+ #8 Hardware name: LENOVO 2429BP3/2429BP3, BIOS G4ET37WW (1.12 ) 05/29/2012 task: ffff8801f87f9820 ti: ffff88002cb44000 task.ti: ffff88002cb44000 RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff81171ad0>] [<ffffffff81171ad0>] munlock_vma_pages_range+0x2e0/0x2f0 Call Trace: do_munmap+0x18f/0x3b0 vm_munmap+0x41/0x60 SyS_munmap+0x22/0x30 system_call_fastpath+0x1a/0x1f RIP munlock_vma_pages_range+0x2e0/0x2f0 ---[ end trace a0088dcf07ae10f2 ]--- because munlock_vma_pages_range() thinks it's unexpectedly in the middle of a THP page. This can be reproduced with default config since 3.11 kernels. A reproducer can be found in the kernel's selftest directory for networking by running ./psock_tpacket. The problem is that an order=2 compound page (allocated by alloc_one_pg_vec_page() is part of the munlocked VM_MIXEDMAP vma (mapped by packet_mmap()) and mistaken for a THP page and assumed to be order=9. The checks for THP in munlock came with commit ff6a6da60b89 ("mm: accelerate munlock() treatment of THP pages"), i.e. since 3.9, but did not trigger a bug. It just makes munlock_vma_pages_range() skip such compound pages until the next 512-pages-aligned page, when it encounters a head page. This is however not a problem for vma's where mlocking has no effect anyway, but it can distort the accounting. Since commit 7225522bb429 ("mm: munlock: batch non-THP page isolation and munlock+putback using pagevec") this can trigger a VM_BUG_ON in PageTransHuge() check. This patch fixes the issue by adding VM_MIXEDMAP flag to VM_SPECIAL, a list of flags that make vma's non-mlockable and non-mergeable. The reasoning is that VM_MIXEDMAP vma's are similar to VM_PFNMAP, which is already on the VM_SPECIAL list, and both are intended for non-LRU pages where mlocking makes no sense anyway. Related Lkml discussion can be found in [2]. [1] tools/testing/selftests/net/psock_tpacket [2] https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/1/10/427 Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com> Reported-by: Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com> Tested-by: Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com> Cc: Thomas Hellstrom <thellstrom@vmware.com> Cc: John David Anglin <dave.anglin@bell.net> Cc: HATAYAMA Daisuke <d.hatayama@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org> Cc: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com> Tested-by: Hannes Frederic Sowa <hannes@stressinduktion.org> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.11.x+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-03-04memcg: reparent charges of children before processing parentFilipe Brandenburger
Sometimes the cleanup after memcg hierarchy testing gets stuck in mem_cgroup_reparent_charges(), unable to bring non-kmem usage down to 0. There may turn out to be several causes, but a major cause is this: the workitem to offline parent can get run before workitem to offline child; parent's mem_cgroup_reparent_charges() circles around waiting for the child's pages to be reparented to its lrus, but it's holding cgroup_mutex which prevents the child from reaching its mem_cgroup_reparent_charges(). Further testing showed that an ordered workqueue for cgroup_destroy_wq is not always good enough: percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm's call_rcu_sched stage on the way can mess up the order before reaching the workqueue. Instead, when offlining a memcg, call mem_cgroup_reparent_charges() on all its children (and grandchildren, in the correct order) to have their charges reparented first. Fixes: e5fca243abae ("cgroup: use a dedicated workqueue for cgroup destruction") Signed-off-by: Filipe Brandenburger <filbranden@google.com> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Reviewed-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [v3.10+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-03-04memcg: fix endless loop in __mem_cgroup_iter_next()Hugh Dickins
Commit 0eef615665ed ("memcg: fix css reference leak and endless loop in mem_cgroup_iter") got the interaction with the commit a few before it d8ad30559715 ("mm/memcg: iteration skip memcgs not yet fully initialized") slightly wrong, and we didn't notice at the time. It's elusive, and harder to get than the original, but for a couple of days before rc1, I several times saw a endless loop similar to that supposedly being fixed. This time it was a tighter loop in __mem_cgroup_iter_next(): because we can get here when our root has already been offlined, and the ordering of conditions was such that we then just cycled around forever. Fixes: 0eef615665ed ("memcg: fix css reference leak and endless loop in mem_cgroup_iter"). Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.12+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-03-04mm: close PageTail raceDavid Rientjes
Commit bf6bddf1924e ("mm: introduce compaction and migration for ballooned pages") introduces page_count(page) into memory compaction which dereferences page->first_page if PageTail(page). This results in a very rare NULL pointer dereference on the aforementioned page_count(page). Indeed, anything that does compound_head(), including page_count() is susceptible to racing with prep_compound_page() and seeing a NULL or dangling page->first_page pointer. This patch uses Andrea's implementation of compound_trans_head() that deals with such a race and makes it the default compound_head() implementation. This includes a read memory barrier that ensures that if PageTail(head) is true that we return a head page that is neither NULL nor dangling. The patch then adds a store memory barrier to prep_compound_page() to ensure page->first_page is set. This is the safest way to ensure we see the head page that we are expecting, PageTail(page) is already in the unlikely() path and the memory barriers are unfortunately required. Hugetlbfs is the exception, we don't enforce a store memory barrier during init since no race is possible. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Holger Kiehl <Holger.Kiehl@dwd.de> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-02-25memcg: change oom_info_lock to mutexMichal Hocko
Kirill has reported the following: Task in /test killed as a result of limit of /test memory: usage 10240kB, limit 10240kB, failcnt 51 memory+swap: usage 10240kB, limit 10240kB, failcnt 0 kmem: usage 0kB, limit 18014398509481983kB, failcnt 0 Memory cgroup stats for /test: BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context at kernel/cpu.c:68 in_atomic(): 1, irqs_disabled(): 0, pid: 66, name: memcg_test 2 locks held by memcg_test/66: #0: (memcg_oom_lock#2){+.+...}, at: [<ffffffff81131014>] pagefault_out_of_memory+0x14/0x90 #1: (oom_info_lock){+.+...}, at: [<ffffffff81197b2a>] mem_cgroup_print_oom_info+0x2a/0x390 CPU: 2 PID: 66 Comm: memcg_test Not tainted 3.14.0-rc1-dirty #745 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (Q35 + ICH9, 2009), BIOS Bochs 01/01/2011 Call Trace: __might_sleep+0x16a/0x210 get_online_cpus+0x1c/0x60 mem_cgroup_read_stat+0x27/0xb0 mem_cgroup_print_oom_info+0x260/0x390 dump_header+0x88/0x251 ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10 oom_kill_process+0x258/0x3d0 mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize+0x656/0x6c0 ? mem_cgroup_charge_common+0xd0/0xd0 pagefault_out_of_memory+0x14/0x90 mm_fault_error+0x91/0x189 __do_page_fault+0x48e/0x580 do_page_fault+0xe/0x10 page_fault+0x22/0x30 which complains that mem_cgroup_read_stat cannot be called from an atomic context but mem_cgroup_print_oom_info takes a spinlock. Change oom_info_lock to a mutex. This was introduced by 947b3dd1a84b ("memcg, oom: lock mem_cgroup_print_oom_info"). Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Reported-by: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-02-25mm, thp: fix infinite loop on memcg OOMKirill A. Shutemov
Masayoshi Mizuma reported a bug with the hang of an application under the memcg limit. It happens on write-protection fault to huge zero page If we successfully allocate a huge page to replace zero page but hit the memcg limit we need to split the zero page with split_huge_page_pmd() and fallback to small pages. The other part of the problem is that VM_FAULT_OOM has special meaning in do_huge_pmd_wp_page() context. __handle_mm_fault() expects the page to be split if it sees VM_FAULT_OOM and it will will retry page fault handling. This causes an infinite loop if the page was not split. do_huge_pmd_wp_zero_page_fallback() can return VM_FAULT_OOM if it failed to allocate one small page, so fallback to small pages will not help. The solution for this part is to replace VM_FAULT_OOM with VM_FAULT_FALLBACK is fallback required. Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Reported-by: Masayoshi Mizuma <m.mizuma@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-02-25mm, hwpoison: release page on PageHWPoison() in __do_fault()Kirill A. Shutemov
It seems we forget to release page after detecting HW error. Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <matthew.r.wilcox@intel.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-02-20Merge branch 'for-3.14-fixes' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroup Pull cgroup fixes from Tejun Heo: "Quite a few fixes this time. Three locking fixes, all marked for -stable. A couple error path fixes and some misc fixes. Hugh found a bug in memcg offlining sequence and we thought we could fix that from cgroup core side but that turned out to be insufficient and got reverted. A different fix has been applied to -mm" * 'for-3.14-fixes' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroup: cgroup: update cgroup_enable_task_cg_lists() to grab siglock Revert "cgroup: use an ordered workqueue for cgroup destruction" cgroup: protect modifications to cgroup_idr with cgroup_mutex cgroup: fix locking in cgroup_cfts_commit() cgroup: fix error return from cgroup_create() cgroup: fix error return value in cgroup_mount() cgroup: use an ordered workqueue for cgroup destruction nfs: include xattr.h from fs/nfs/nfs3proc.c cpuset: update MAINTAINERS entry arm, pm, vmpressure: add missing slab.h includes
2014-02-17Merge branch 'merge' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/benh/powerpc Pull powerpc fixes from Ben Herrenschmidt: "Here are some more powerpc fixes for 3.14 The main one is a nasty issue with the NUMA balancing support which requires a small generic change and the addition of a new accessor to set _PAGE_NUMA. Both have been reviewed and acked by Mel and Rik. The changelog should have plenty of details but basically, without this fix, we get random user segfaults and/or corruptions due to missing TLB/hash flushes. Aneesh series of 3 patches fixes it. We have some vDSO vs. perf fixes from Anton, some small EEH fixes from Gavin, a ppc32 regression vs the stack overflow detector, and a fix for the way we handle PCIe host bridge speed settings on pseries (which is needed for proper operations of AMD graphics cards on Power8)" * 'merge' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/benh/powerpc: powerpc/eeh: Disable EEH on reboot powerpc/eeh: Cleanup on eeh_subsystem_enabled powerpc/powernv: Rework EEH reset powerpc: Use unstripped VDSO image for more accurate profiling data powerpc: Link VDSOs at 0x0 mm: Use ptep/pmdp_set_numa() for updating _PAGE_NUMA bit mm: Dirty accountable change only apply to non prot numa case powerpc/mm: Add new "set" flag argument to pte/pmd update function powerpc/pseries: Add Gen3 definitions for PCIE link speed powerpc/pseries: Fix regression on PCI link speed powerpc: Set the correct ksp_limit on ppc32 when switching to irq stack
2014-02-17mm: Use ptep/pmdp_set_numa() for updating _PAGE_NUMA bitAneesh Kumar K.V
Archs like ppc64 doesn't do tlb flush in set_pte/pmd functions when using a hash table MMU for various reasons (the flush is handled as part of the PTE modification when necessary). ppc64 thus doesn't implement flush_tlb_range for hash based MMUs. Additionally ppc64 require the tlb flushing to be batched within ptl locks. The reason to do that is to ensure that the hash page table is in sync with linux page table. We track the hpte index in linux pte and if we clear them without flushing hash and drop the ptl lock, we can have another cpu update the pte and can end up with duplicate entry in the hash table, which is fatal. We also want to keep set_pte_at simpler by not requiring them to do hash flush for performance reason. We do that by assuming that set_pte_at() is never *ever* called on a PTE that is already valid. This was the case until the NUMA code went in which broke that assumption. Fix that by introducing a new pair of helpers to set _PAGE_NUMA in a way similar to ptep/pmdp_set_wrprotect(), with a generic implementation using set_pte_at() and a powerpc specific one using the appropriate mechanism needed to keep the hash table in sync. Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2014-02-17mm: Dirty accountable change only apply to non prot numa caseAneesh Kumar K.V
So move it within the if loop Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
2014-02-10mm/memory-failure.c: move refcount only in !MF_COUNT_INCREASEDNaoya Horiguchi
mce-test detected a test failure when injecting error to a thp tail page. This is because we take page refcount of the tail page in madvise_hwpoison() while the fix in commit a3e0f9e47d5e ("mm/memory-failure.c: transfer page count from head page to tail page after split thp") assumes that we always take refcount on the head page. When a real memory error happens we take refcount on the head page where memory_failure() is called without MF_COUNT_INCREASED set, so it seems to me that testing memory error on thp tail page using madvise makes little sense. This patch cancels moving refcount in !MF_COUNT_INCREASED for valid testing. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: s/&&/&/] Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Chen Gong <gong.chen@linux.intel.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.9+: a3e0f9e47d5e] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-02-10slub: do not assert not having lock in removing freed partialSteven Rostedt
Vladimir reported the following issue: Commit c65c1877bd68 ("slub: use lockdep_assert_held") requires remove_partial() to be called with n->list_lock held, but free_partial() called from kmem_cache_close() on cache destruction does not follow this rule, leading to a warning: WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 2787 at mm/slub.c:1536 __kmem_cache_shutdown+0x1b2/0x1f0() Modules linked in: CPU: 0 PID: 2787 Comm: modprobe Tainted: G W 3.14.0-rc1-mm1+ #1 Hardware name: 0000000000000600 ffff88003ae1dde8 ffffffff816d9583 0000000000000600 0000000000000000 ffff88003ae1de28 ffffffff8107c107 0000000000000000 ffff880037ab2b00 ffff88007c240d30 ffffea0001ee5280 ffffea0001ee52a0 Call Trace: __kmem_cache_shutdown+0x1b2/0x1f0 kmem_cache_destroy+0x43/0xf0 xfs_destroy_zones+0x103/0x110 [xfs] exit_xfs_fs+0x38/0x4e4 [xfs] SyS_delete_module+0x19a/0x1f0 system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b His solution was to add a spinlock in order to quiet lockdep. Although there would be no contention to adding the lock, that lock also requires disabling of interrupts which will have a larger impact on the system. Instead of adding a spinlock to a location where it is not needed for lockdep, make a __remove_partial() function that does not test if the list_lock is held, as no one should have it due to it being freed. Also added a __add_partial() function that does not do the lock validation either, as it is not needed for the creation of the cache. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Reported-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Suggested-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Acked-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-02-10mm/slub.c: list_lock may not be held in some circumstancesDavid Rientjes
Commit c65c1877bd68 ("slub: use lockdep_assert_held") incorrectly required that add_full() and remove_full() hold n->list_lock. The lock is only taken when kmem_cache_debug(s), since that's the only time it actually does anything. Require that the lock only be taken under such a condition. Reported-by: Larry Finger <Larry.Finger@lwfinger.net> Tested-by: Larry Finger <Larry.Finger@lwfinger.net> Tested-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-02-09Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull vfs fixes from Al Viro: "A couple of fixes, both -stable fodder. The O_SYNC bug is fairly old..." * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: fix a kmap leak in virtio_console fix O_SYNC|O_APPEND syncing the wrong range on write()
2014-02-09fix O_SYNC|O_APPEND syncing the wrong range on write()Al Viro
It actually goes back to 2004 ([PATCH] Concurrent O_SYNC write support) when sync_page_range() had been introduced; generic_file_write{,v}() correctly synced pos_after_write - written .. pos_after_write - 1 but generic_file_aio_write() synced pos_before_write .. pos_before_write + written - 1 instead. Which is not the same thing with O_APPEND, obviously. A couple of years later correct variant had been killed off when everything switched to use of generic_file_aio_write(). All users of generic_file_aio_write() are affected, and the same bug has been copied into other instances of ->aio_write(). The fix is trivial; the only subtle point is that generic_write_sync() ought to be inlined to avoid calculations useless for the majority of calls. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2014-02-08Merge branch 'x86-urgent-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull x86 fixes from Peter Anvin: "Quite a varied little collection of fixes. Most of them are relatively small or isolated; the biggest one is Mel Gorman's fixes for TLB range flushing. A couple of AMD-related fixes (including not crashing when given an invalid microcode image) and fix a crash when compiled with gcov" * 'x86-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86, microcode, AMD: Unify valid container checks x86, hweight: Fix BUG when booting with CONFIG_GCOV_PROFILE_ALL=y x86/efi: Allow mapping BGRT on x86-32 x86: Fix the initialization of physnode_map x86, cpu hotplug: Fix stack frame warning in check_irq_vectors_for_cpu_disable() x86/intel/mid: Fix X86_INTEL_MID dependencies arch/x86/mm/srat: Skip NUMA_NO_NODE while parsing SLIT mm, x86: Revisit tlb_flushall_shift tuning for page flushes except on IvyBridge x86: mm: change tlb_flushall_shift for IvyBridge x86/mm: Eliminate redundant page table walk during TLB range flushing x86/mm: Clean up inconsistencies when flushing TLB ranges mm, x86: Account for TLB flushes only when debugging x86/AMD/NB: Fix amd_set_subcaches() parameter type x86/quirks: Add workaround for AMD F16h Erratum792 x86, doc, kconfig: Fix dud URL for Microcode data
2014-02-07Merge tag 'efi-urgent' into x86/urgentH. Peter Anvin
* Avoid WARN_ON() when mapping BGRT on Baytrail (EFI 32-bit). Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
2014-02-06mm: __set_page_dirty_nobuffers() uses spin_lock_irqsave() instead of ↵KOSAKI Motohiro
spin_lock_irq() During aio stress test, we observed the following lockdep warning. This mean AIO+numa_balancing is currently deadlockable. The problem is, aio_migratepage disable interrupt, but __set_page_dirty_nobuffers unintentionally enable it again. Generally, all helper function should use spin_lock_irqsave() instead of spin_lock_irq() because they don't know caller at all. other info that might help us debug this: Possible unsafe locking scenario: CPU0 ---- lock(&(&ctx->completion_lock)->rlock); <Interrupt> lock(&(&ctx->completion_lock)->rlock); *** DEADLOCK *** dump_stack+0x19/0x1b print_usage_bug+0x1f7/0x208 mark_lock+0x21d/0x2a0 mark_held_locks+0xb9/0x140 trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x105/0x1d0 trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10 _raw_spin_unlock_irq+0x2c/0x50 __set_page_dirty_nobuffers+0x8c/0xf0 migrate_page_copy+0x434/0x540 aio_migratepage+0xb1/0x140 move_to_new_page+0x7d/0x230 migrate_pages+0x5e5/0x700 migrate_misplaced_page+0xbc/0xf0 do_numa_page+0x102/0x190 handle_pte_fault+0x241/0x970 handle_mm_fault+0x265/0x370 __do_page_fault+0x172/0x5a0 do_page_fault+0x1a/0x70 page_fault+0x28/0x30 Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Larry Woodman <lwoodman@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-02-06mm/swap: fix race on swap_info reuse between swapoff and swaponWeijie Yang
swapoff clear swap_info's SWP_USED flag prematurely and free its resources after that. A concurrent swapon will reuse this swap_info while its previous resources are not cleared completely. These late freed resources are: - p->percpu_cluster - swap_cgroup_ctrl[type] - block_device setting - inode->i_flags &= ~S_SWAPFILE This patch clears the SWP_USED flag after all its resources are freed, so that swapon can reuse this swap_info by alloc_swap_info() safely. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: tidy up code comment] Signed-off-by: Weijie Yang <weijie.yang@samsung.com> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Krzysztof Kozlowski <k.kozlowski@samsung.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-02-06swap: add a simple detector for inappropriate swapin readaheadShaohua Li
This is a patch to improve swap readahead algorithm. It's from Hugh and I slightly changed it. Hugh's original changelog: swapin readahead does a blind readahead, whether or not the swapin is sequential. This may be ok on harddisk, because large reads have relatively small costs, and if the readahead pages are unneeded they can be reclaimed easily - though, what if their allocation forced reclaim of useful pages? But on SSD devices large reads are more expensive than small ones: if the readahead pages are unneeded, reading them in caused significant overhead. This patch adds very simplistic random read detection. Stealing the PageReadahead technique from Konstantin Khlebnikov's patch, avoiding the vma/anon_vma sophistications of Shaohua Li's patch, swapin_nr_pages() simply looks at readahead's current success rate, and narrows or widens its readahead window accordingly. There is little science to its heuristic: it's about as stupid as can be whilst remaining effective. The table below shows elapsed times (in centiseconds) when running a single repetitive swapping load across a 1000MB mapping in 900MB ram with 1GB swap (the harddisk tests had taken painfully too long when I used mem=500M, but SSD shows similar results for that). Vanilla is the 3.6-rc7 kernel on which I started; Shaohua denotes his Sep 3 patch in mmotm and linux-next; HughOld denotes my Oct 1 patch which Shaohua showed to be defective; HughNew this Nov 14 patch, with page_cluster as usual at default of 3 (8-page reads); HughPC4 this same patch with page_cluster 4 (16-page reads); HughPC0 with page_cluster 0 (1-page reads: no readahead). HDD for swapping to harddisk, SSD for swapping to VertexII SSD. Seq for sequential access to the mapping, cycling five times around; Rand for the same number of random touches. Anon for a MAP_PRIVATE anon mapping; Shmem for a MAP_SHARED anon mapping, equivalent to tmpfs. One weakness of Shaohua's vma/anon_vma approach was that it did not optimize Shmem: seen below. Konstantin's approach was perhaps mistuned, 50% slower on Seq: did not compete and is not shown below. HDD Vanilla Shaohua HughOld HughNew HughPC4 HughPC0 Seq Anon 73921 76210 75611 76904 78191 121542 Seq Shmem 73601 73176 73855 72947 74543 118322 Rand Anon 895392 831243 871569 845197 846496 841680 Rand Shmem 1058375 1053486 827935 764955 764376 756489 SSD Vanilla Shaohua HughOld HughNew HughPC4 HughPC0 Seq Anon 24634 24198 24673 25107 21614 70018 Seq Shmem 24959 24932 25052 25703 22030 69678 Rand Anon 43014 26146 28075 25989 26935 25901 Rand Shmem 45349 45215 28249 24268 24138 24332 These tests are, of course, two extremes of a very simple case: under heavier mixed loads I've not yet observed any consistent improvement or degradation, and wider testing would be welcome. Shaohua Li: Test shows Vanilla is slightly better in sequential workload than Hugh's patch. I observed with Hugh's patch sometimes the readahead size is shrinked too fast (from 8 to 1 immediately) in sequential workload if there is no hit. And in such case, continuing doing readahead is good actually. I don't prepare a sophisticated algorithm for the sequential workload because so far we can't guarantee sequential accessed pages are swap out sequentially. So I slightly change Hugh's heuristic - don't shrink readahead size too fast. Here is my test result (unit second, 3 runs average): Vanilla Hugh New Seq 356 370 360 Random 4525 2447 2444 Attached graph is the swapin/swapout throughput I collected with 'vmstat 2'. The first part is running a random workload (till around 1200 of the x-axis) and the second part is running a sequential workload. swapin and swapout throughput are almost identical in steady state in both workloads. These are expected behavior. while in Vanilla, swapin is much bigger than swapout especially in random workload (because wrong readahead). Original patches by: Shaohua Li and Konstantin Khlebnikov. [fengguang.wu@intel.com: swapin_nr_pages() can be static] Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com> Signed-off-by: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-02-03arm, pm, vmpressure: add missing slab.h includesTejun Heo
arch/arm/mach-tegra/pm.c, kernel/power/console.c and mm/vmpressure.c were somehow getting slab.h indirectly through cgroup.h which in turn was getting it indirectly through xattr.h. A scheduled cgroup change drops xattr.h inclusion from cgroup.h and breaks compilation of these three files. Add explicit slab.h includes to the three files. A pending cgroup patch depends on this change and it'd be great if this can be routed through cgroup/for-3.14-fixes branch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: Stephen Warren <swarren@wwwdotorg.org> Cc: Thierry Reding <thierry.reding@gmail.com> Cc: linux-tegra@vger.kernel.org Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net> Cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: cgroups@vger.kernel.org
2014-02-02Merge branch 'slab/next' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/penberg/linux Pull SLAB changes from Pekka Enberg: "Random bug fixes that have accumulated in my inbox over the past few months" * 'slab/next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/penberg/linux: mm: Fix warning on make htmldocs caused by slab.c mm: slub: work around unneeded lockdep warning mm: sl[uo]b: fix misleading comments slub: Fix possible format string bug. slub: use lockdep_assert_held slub: Fix calculation of cpu slabs slab.h: remove duplicate kmalloc declaration and fix kernel-doc warnings
2014-01-31mm: Fix warning on make htmldocs caused by slab.cMasanari Iida
This patch fixed following errors while make htmldocs Warning(/mm/slab.c:1956): No description found for parameter 'page' Warning(/mm/slab.c:1956): Excess function parameter 'slabp' description in 'slab_destroy' Incorrect function parameter "slabp" was set instead of "page" Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Signed-off-by: Masanari Iida <standby24x7@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
2014-01-31mm: slub: work around unneeded lockdep warningDave Hansen
The slub code does some setup during early boot in early_kmem_cache_node_alloc() with some local data. There is no possible way that another CPU can see this data, so the slub code doesn't unnecessarily lock it. However, some new lockdep asserts check to make sure that add_partial() _always_ has the list_lock held. Just add the locking, even though it is technically unnecessary. Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
2014-01-30memcg: fix mutex not unlocked on memcg_create_kmem_cache fail pathVladimir Davydov
Commit 842e2873697e ("memcg: get rid of kmem_cache_dup()") introduced a mutex for memcg_create_kmem_cache() to protect the tmp_name buffer that holds the memcg name. It failed to unlock the mutex if this buffer could not be allocated. This patch fixes the issue by appropriately unlocking the mutex if the allocation fails. Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-30mm, oom: base root bonus on current usageDavid Rientjes
A 3% of system memory bonus is sometimes too excessive in comparison to other processes. With commit a63d83f427fb ("oom: badness heuristic rewrite"), the OOM killer tries to avoid killing privileged tasks by subtracting 3% of overall memory (system or cgroup) from their per-task consumption. But as a result, all root tasks that consume less than 3% of overall memory are considered equal, and so it only takes 33+ privileged tasks pushing the system out of memory for the OOM killer to do something stupid and kill dhclient or other root-owned processes. For example, on a 32G machine it can't tell the difference between the 1M agetty and the 10G fork bomb member. The changelog describes this 3% boost as the equivalent to the global overcommit limit being 3% higher for privileged tasks, but this is not the same as discounting 3% of overall memory from _every privileged task individually_ during OOM selection. Replace the 3% of system memory bonus with a 3% of current memory usage bonus. By giving root tasks a bonus that is proportional to their actual size, they remain comparable even when relatively small. In the example above, the OOM killer will discount the 1M agetty's 256 badness points down to 179, and the 10G fork bomb's 262144 points down to 183500 points and make the right choice, instead of discounting both to 0 and killing agetty because it's first in the task list. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Reported-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-30mm/slub.c: fix page->_count corruption (again)Dave Hansen
Commit abca7c496584 ("mm: fix slab->page _count corruption when using slub") notes that we can not _set_ a page->counters directly, except when using a real double-cmpxchg. Doing so can lose updates to ->_count. That is an absolute rule: You may not *set* page->counters except via a cmpxchg. Commit abca7c496584 fixed this for the folks who have the slub cmpxchg_double code turned off at compile time, but it left the bad case alone. It can still be reached, and the same bug triggered in two cases: 1. Turning on slub debugging at runtime, which is available on the distro kernels that I looked at. 2. On 64-bit CPUs with no CMPXCHG16B (some early AMD x86-64 cpus, evidently) There are at least 3 ways we could fix this: 1. Take all of the exising calls to cmpxchg_double_slab() and __cmpxchg_double_slab() and convert them to take an old, new and target 'struct page'. 2. Do (1), but with the newly-introduced 'slub_data'. 3. Do some magic inside the two cmpxchg...slab() functions to pull the counters out of new_counters and only set those fields in page->{inuse,frozen,objects}. I've done (2) as well, but it's a bunch more code. This patch is an attempt at (3). This was the most straightforward and foolproof way that I could think to do this. This would also technically allow us to get rid of the ugly #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_CMPXCHG_DOUBLE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ALIGNED_STRUCT_PAGE) in 'struct page', but leaving it alone has the added benefit that 'counters' stays 'unsigned' instead of 'unsigned long', so all the copies that the slub code does stay a bit smaller. Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com> Cc: Pravin B Shelar <pshelar@nicira.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-30mm/mempolicy.c: fix mempolicy printing in numa_mapsDavid Rientjes
As a result of commit 5606e3877ad8 ("mm: numa: Migrate on reference policy"), /proc/<pid>/numa_maps prints the mempolicy for any <pid> as "prefer:N" for the local node, N, of the process reading the file. This should only be printed when the mempolicy of <pid> is MPOL_PREFERRED for node N. If the process is actually only using the default mempolicy for local node allocation, make sure "default" is printed as expected. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Reported-by: Robert Lippert <rlippert@google.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.7+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-30zsmalloc: add copyrightMinchan Kim
Add my copyright to the zsmalloc source code which I maintain. Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-30zsmalloc: move it under mmMinchan Kim
This patch moves zsmalloc under mm directory. Before that, description will explain why we have needed custom allocator. Zsmalloc is a new slab-based memory allocator for storing compressed pages. It is designed for low fragmentation and high allocation success rate on large object, but <= PAGE_SIZE allocations. zsmalloc differs from the kernel slab allocator in two primary ways to achieve these design goals. zsmalloc never requires high order page allocations to back slabs, or "size classes" in zsmalloc terms. Instead it allows multiple single-order pages to be stitched together into a "zspage" which backs the slab. This allows for higher allocation success rate under memory pressure. Also, zsmalloc allows objects to span page boundaries within the zspage. This allows for lower fragmentation than could be had with the kernel slab allocator for objects between PAGE_SIZE/2 and PAGE_SIZE. With the kernel slab allocator, if a page compresses to 60% of it original size, the memory savings gained through compression is lost in fragmentation because another object of the same size can't be stored in the leftover space. This ability to span pages results in zsmalloc allocations not being directly addressable by the user. The user is given an non-dereferencable handle in response to an allocation request. That handle must be mapped, using zs_map_object(), which returns a pointer to the mapped region that can be used. The mapping is necessary since the object data may reside in two different noncontigious pages. The zsmalloc fulfills the allocation needs for zram perfectly [sjenning@linux.vnet.ibm.com: borrow Seth's quote] Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Acked-by: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org> Reviewed-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: Bob Liu <bob.liu@oracle.com> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Luigi Semenzato <semenzato@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Seth Jennings <sjenning@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-30Merge branch 'for-3.14/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds
Pull core block IO changes from Jens Axboe: "The major piece in here is the immutable bio_ve series from Kent, the rest is fairly minor. It was supposed to go in last round, but various issues pushed it to this release instead. The pull request contains: - Various smaller blk-mq fixes from different folks. Nothing major here, just minor fixes and cleanups. - Fix for a memory leak in the error path in the block ioctl code from Christian Engelmayer. - Header export fix from CaiZhiyong. - Finally the immutable biovec changes from Kent Overstreet. This enables some nice future work on making arbitrarily sized bios possible, and splitting more efficient. Related fixes to immutable bio_vecs: - dm-cache immutable fixup from Mike Snitzer. - btrfs immutable fixup from Muthu Kumar. - bio-integrity fix from Nic Bellinger, which is also going to stable" * 'for-3.14/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: (44 commits) xtensa: fixup simdisk driver to work with immutable bio_vecs block/blk-mq-cpu.c: use hotcpu_notifier() blk-mq: for_each_* macro correctness block: Fix memory leak in rw_copy_check_uvector() handling bio-integrity: Fix bio_integrity_verify segment start bug block: remove unrelated header files and export symbol blk-mq: uses page->list incorrectly blk-mq: use __smp_call_function_single directly btrfs: fix missing increment of bi_remaining Revert "block: Warn and free bio if bi_end_io is not set" block: Warn and free bio if bi_end_io is not set blk-mq: fix initializing request's start time block: blk-mq: don't export blk_mq_free_queue() block: blk-mq: make blk_sync_queue support mq block: blk-mq: support draining mq queue dm cache: increment bi_remaining when bi_end_io is restored block: fixup for generic bio chaining block: Really silence spurious compiler warnings block: Silence spurious compiler warnings block: Kill bio_pair_split() ...
2014-01-29memblock: add limit checking to memblock_virt_allocYinghai Lu
In original bootmem wrapper for memblock, we have limit checking. Add it to memblock_virt_alloc, to address arm and x86 booting crash. Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Reported-by: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org> Tested-by: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org> Reported-by: Olof Johansson <olof@lixom.net> Tested-by: Olof Johansson <olof@lixom.net> Reported-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Tested-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Santosh Shilimkar <santosh.shilimkar@ti.com> Cc: "Strashko, Grygorii" <grygorii.strashko@ti.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-29mm/readahead.c: fix do_readahead() for no readpage(s)Mark Rutland
Commit 63d0f0a3c7e1 ("mm/readahead.c:do_readhead(): don't check for ->readpage") unintentionally made do_readahead return 0 for all valid files regardless of whether readahead was supported, rather than the expected -EINVAL. This gets forwarded on to userspace, and results in sys_readahead appearing to succeed in cases that don't make sense (e.g. when called on pipes or sockets). This issue is detected by the LTP readahead01 testcase. As the exact return value of force_page_cache_readahead is currently never used, we can simplify it to return only 0 or -EINVAL (when readpage or readpages is missing). With that in place we can simply forward on the return value of force_page_cache_readahead in do_readahead. This patch performs said change, restoring the expected semantics. Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-29mm/slub.c: do not VM_BUG_ON_PAGE() for temporary on-stack pagesDave Hansen
Commit 309381feaee5 ("mm: dump page when hitting a VM_BUG_ON using VM_BUG_ON_PAGE") added a bunch of VM_BUG_ON_PAGE() calls. But, most of the ones in the slub code are for _temporary_ 'struct page's which are declared on the stack and likely have lots of gunk in them. Dumping their contents out will just confuse folks looking at bad_page() output. Plus, if we try to page_to_pfn() on them or soemthing, we'll probably oops anyway. Turn them back in to VM_BUG_ON()s. Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-29slab: fix wrong retval on kmem_cache_create_memcg error pathDave Jones
On kmem_cache_create_memcg() error path we set 'err', but leave 's' (the new cache ptr) undefined. The latter can be NULL if we could not allocate the cache, or pointing to a freed area if we failed somewhere later while trying to initialize it. Initially we checked 'err' immediately before exiting the function and returned NULL if it was set ignoring the value of 's': out_unlock: ... if (err) { /* report error */ return NULL; } return s; Recently this check was, in fact, broken by commit f717eb3abb5e ("slab: do not panic if we fail to create memcg cache"), which turned it to: out_unlock: ... if (err && !memcg) { /* report error */ return NULL; } return s; As a result, if we are failing creating a cache for a memcg, we will skip the check and return 's' that can contain crap. Obviously, commit f717eb3abb5e intended not to return crap on error allocating a cache for a memcg, but only to remove the error reporting in this case, so the check should look like this: out_unlock: ... if (err) { if (!memcg) return NULL; /* report error */ return NULL; } return s; [rientjes@google.com: despaghettification] [vdavydov@parallels.com: patch monkeying] Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Signed-off-by: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Reported-by: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-29mm/mempolicy.c: convert to pr_foo()Andrew Morton
A few printk(KERN_*'s have snuck in there. Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-29mm: numa: initialise numa balancing after jump label initialisationMel Gorman
The command line parsing takes place before jump labels are initialised which generates a warning if numa_balancing= is specified and CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL is set. On older kernels before commit c4b2c0c5f647 ("static_key: WARN on usage before jump_label_init was called") the kernel would have crashed. This patch enables automatic numa balancing later in the initialisation process if numa_balancing= is specified. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: stable <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-29mm/page-writeback.c: do not count anon pages as dirtyable memoryJohannes Weiner
The VM is currently heavily tuned to avoid swapping. Whether that is good or bad is a separate discussion, but as long as the VM won't swap to make room for dirty cache, we can not consider anonymous pages when calculating the amount of dirtyable memory, the baseline to which dirty_background_ratio and dirty_ratio are applied. A simple workload that occupies a significant size (40+%, depending on memory layout, storage speeds etc.) of memory with anon/tmpfs pages and uses the remainder for a streaming writer demonstrates this problem. In that case, the actual cache pages are a small fraction of what is considered dirtyable overall, which results in an relatively large portion of the cache pages to be dirtied. As kswapd starts rotating these, random tasks enter direct reclaim and stall on IO. Only consider free pages and file pages dirtyable. Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Reported-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Tested-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-29mm/page-writeback.c: fix dirty_balance_reserve subtraction from dirtyable memoryJohannes Weiner
Tejun reported stuttering and latency spikes on a system where random tasks would enter direct reclaim and get stuck on dirty pages. Around 50% of memory was occupied by tmpfs backed by an SSD, and another disk (rotating) was reading and writing at max speed to shrink a partition. : The problem was pretty ridiculous. It's a 8gig machine w/ one ssd and 10k : rpm harddrive and I could reliably reproduce constant stuttering every : several seconds for as long as buffered IO was going on on the hard drive : either with tmpfs occupying somewhere above 4gig or a test program which : allocates about the same amount of anon memory. Although swap usage was : zero, turning off swap also made the problem go away too. : : The trigger conditions seem quite plausible - high anon memory usage w/ : heavy buffered IO and swap configured - and it's highly likely that this : is happening in the wild too. (this can happen with copying large files : to usb sticks too, right?) This patch (of 2): The dirty_balance_reserve is an approximation of the fraction of free pages that the page allocator does not make available for page cache allocations. As a result, it has to be taken into account when calculating the amount of "dirtyable memory", the baseline to which dirty_background_ratio and dirty_ratio are applied. However, currently the reserve is subtracted from the sum of free and reclaimable pages, which is non-sensical and leads to erroneous results when the system is dominated by unreclaimable pages and the dirty_balance_reserve is bigger than free+reclaimable. In that case, at least the already allocated cache should be considered dirtyable. Fix the calculation by subtracting the reserve from the amount of free pages, then adding the reclaimable pages on top. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix CONFIG_HIGHMEM build] Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Reported-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Tested-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-28Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull vfs updates from Al Viro: "Assorted stuff; the biggest pile here is Christoph's ACL series. Plus assorted cleanups and fixes all over the place... There will be another pile later this week" * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: (43 commits) __dentry_path() fixes vfs: Remove second variable named error in __dentry_path vfs: Is mounted should be testing mnt_ns for NULL or error. Fix race when checking i_size on direct i/o read hfsplus: remove can_set_xattr nfsd: use get_acl and ->set_acl fs: remove generic_acl nfs: use generic posix ACL infrastructure for v3 Posix ACLs gfs2: use generic posix ACL infrastructure jfs: use generic posix ACL infrastructure xfs: use generic posix ACL infrastructure reiserfs: use generic posix ACL infrastructure ocfs2: use generic posix ACL infrastructure jffs2: use generic posix ACL infrastructure hfsplus: use generic posix ACL infrastructure f2fs: use generic posix ACL infrastructure ext2/3/4: use generic posix ACL infrastructure btrfs: use generic posix ACL infrastructure fs: make posix_acl_create more useful fs: make posix_acl_chmod more useful ...
2014-01-27Merge branch 'akpm' (incoming from Andrew)Linus Torvalds
Merge misc updates from Andrew Morton: - a few hotfixes - dynamic-debug updates - ipc updates - various other sweepings off the factory floor * akpm: (31 commits) firmware/google: drop 'select EFI' to avoid recursive dependency compat: fix sys_fanotify_mark checkpatch.pl: check for function declarations without arguments mm/migrate.c: fix setting of cpupid on page migration twice against normal page softirq: use const char * const for softirq_to_name, whitespace neatening softirq: convert printks to pr_<level> softirq: use ffs() in __do_softirq() kernel/kexec.c: use vscnprintf() instead of vsnprintf() in vmcoreinfo_append_str() splice: fix unexpected size truncation ipc: fix compat msgrcv with negative msgtyp ipc,msg: document barriers ipc: delete seq_max field in struct ipc_ids ipc: simplify sysvipc_proc_open() return ipc: remove useless return statement ipc: remove braces for single statements ipc: standardize code comments ipc: whitespace cleanup ipc: change kern_ipc_perm.deleted type to bool ipc: introduce ipc_valid_object() helper to sort out IPC_RMID races ipc/sem.c: avoid overflow of semop undo (semadj) value ...
2014-01-27Merge branch 'next' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/benh/powerpc Pull powerpc updates from Ben Herrenschmidt: "So here's my next branch for powerpc. A bit late as I was on vacation last week. It's mostly the same stuff that was in next already, I just added two patches today which are the wiring up of lockref for powerpc, which for some reason fell through the cracks last time and is trivial. The highlights are, in addition to a bunch of bug fixes: - Reworked Machine Check handling on kernels running without a hypervisor (or acting as a hypervisor). Provides hooks to handle some errors in real mode such as TLB errors, handle SLB errors, etc... - Support for retrieving memory error information from the service processor on IBM servers running without a hypervisor and routing them to the memory poison infrastructure. - _PAGE_NUMA support on server processors - 32-bit BookE relocatable kernel support - FSL e6500 hardware tablewalk support - A bunch of new/revived board support - FSL e6500 deeper idle states and altivec powerdown support You'll notice a generic mm change here, it has been acked by the relevant authorities and is a pre-req for our _PAGE_NUMA support" * 'next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/benh/powerpc: (121 commits) powerpc: Implement arch_spin_is_locked() using arch_spin_value_unlocked() powerpc: Add support for the optimised lockref implementation powerpc/powernv: Call OPAL sync before kexec'ing powerpc/eeh: Escalate error on non-existing PE powerpc/eeh: Handle multiple EEH errors powerpc: Fix transactional FP/VMX/VSX unavailable handlers powerpc: Don't corrupt transactional state when using FP/VMX in kernel powerpc: Reclaim two unused thread_info flag bits powerpc: Fix races with irq_work Move precessing of MCE queued event out from syscall exit path. pseries/cpuidle: Remove redundant call to ppc64_runlatch_off() in cpu idle routines powerpc: Make add_system_ram_resources() __init powerpc: add SATA_MV to ppc64_defconfig powerpc/powernv: Increase candidate fw image size powerpc: Add debug checks to catch invalid cpu-to-node mappings powerpc: Fix the setup of CPU-to-Node mappings during CPU online powerpc/iommu: Don't detach device without IOMMU group powerpc/eeh: Hotplug improvement powerpc/eeh: Call opal_pci_reinit() on powernv for restoring config space powerpc/eeh: Add restore_config operation ...
2014-01-27Merge branch 'merge' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/benh/powerpc Pull powerpc mremap fix from Ben Herrenschmidt: "This is the patch that I had sent after -rc8 and which we decided to wait before merging. It's based on a different tree than my -next branch (it needs some pre-reqs that were in -rc4 or so while my -next is based on -rc1) so I left it as a separate branch for your to pull. It's identical to the request I did 2 or 3 weeks back. This fixes crashes in mremap with THP on powerpc. The fix however requires a small change in the generic code. It moves a condition into a helper we can override from the arch which is harmless, but it *also* slightly changes the order of the set_pmd and the withdraw & deposit, which should be fine according to Kirill (who wrote that code) but I agree -rc8 is a bit late... It was acked by Kirill and Andrew told me to just merge it via powerpc" * 'merge' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/benh/powerpc: powerpc/thp: Fix crash on mremap
2014-01-27mm/migrate.c: fix setting of cpupid on page migration twice against normal pageWanpeng Li
Commit 7851a45cd3f6 ("mm: numa: Copy cpupid on page migration") copies over the cpupid at page migration time. It is unnecessary to set it again in alloc_misplaced_dst_page(). Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27mm: bring back /sys/kernel/mmHugh Dickins
Commit da29bd36224b ("mm/mm_init.c: make creation of the mm_kobj happen earlier than device_initcall") changed to pure_initcall(mm_sysfs_init). That's too early: mm_sysfs_init() depends on core_initcall(ksysfs_init) to have made the kernel_kobj directory "kernel" in which to create "mm". Make it postcore_initcall(mm_sysfs_init). We could use core_initcall(), and depend upon Makefile link order kernel/ mm/ fs/ ipc/ security/ ... as core_initcall(debugfs_init) and core_initcall(securityfs_init) do; but better not. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Acked-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>