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2013-04-30frontswap: get rid of swap_lock dependencyMinchan Kim
Frontswap initialization routine depends on swap_lock, which want to be atomic about frontswap's first appearance. IOW, frontswap is not present and will fail all calls OR frontswap is fully functional but if new swap_info_struct isn't registered by enable_swap_info, swap subsystem doesn't start I/O so there is no race between init procedure and page I/O working on frontswap. So let's remove unnecessary swap_lock dependency. Cc: Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> [v1: Rebased on my branch, reworked to work with backends loading late] [v2: Added a check for !map] [v3: Made the invalidate path follow the init path] [v4: Address comments by Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>] Signed-off-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad@darnok.org> Signed-off-by: Bob Liu <lliubbo@gmail.com> Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Andor Daam <andor.daam@googlemail.com> Cc: Florian Schmaus <fschmaus@gmail.com> Cc: Stefan Hengelein <ilendir@googlemail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-04-29mm/: rename random32() to prandom_u32()Akinobu Mita
Use preferable function name which implies using a pseudo-random number generator. Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-26Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull vfs pile (part one) from Al Viro: "Assorted stuff - cleaning namei.c up a bit, fixing ->d_name/->d_parent locking violations, etc. The most visible changes here are death of FS_REVAL_DOT (replaced with "has ->d_weak_revalidate()") and a new helper getting from struct file to inode. Some bits of preparation to xattr method interface changes. Misc patches by various people sent this cycle *and* ocfs2 fixes from several cycles ago that should've been upstream right then. PS: the next vfs pile will be xattr stuff." * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: (46 commits) saner proc_get_inode() calling conventions proc: avoid extra pde_put() in proc_fill_super() fs: change return values from -EACCES to -EPERM fs/exec.c: make bprm_mm_init() static ocfs2/dlm: use GFP_ATOMIC inside a spin_lock ocfs2: fix possible use-after-free with AIO ocfs2: Fix oops in ocfs2_fast_symlink_readpage() code path get_empty_filp()/alloc_file() leave both ->f_pos and ->f_version zero target: writev() on single-element vector is pointless export kernel_write(), convert open-coded instances fs: encode_fh: return FILEID_INVALID if invalid fid_type kill f_vfsmnt vfs: kill FS_REVAL_DOT by adding a d_weak_revalidate dentry op nfsd: handle vfs_getattr errors in acl protocol switch vfs_getattr() to struct path default SET_PERSONALITY() in linux/elf.h ceph: prepopulate inodes only when request is aborted d_hash_and_lookup(): export, switch open-coded instances 9p: switch v9fs_set_create_acl() to inode+fid, do it before d_instantiate() 9p: split dropping the acls from v9fs_set_create_acl() ...
2013-02-23mm,ksm: swapoff might need to copyHugh Dickins
Before establishing that KSM page migration was the cause of my WARN_ON_ONCE(page_mapped(page))s, I suspected that they came from the lack of a ksm_might_need_to_copy() in swapoff's unuse_pte() - which in many respects is equivalent to faulting in a page. In fact I've never caught that as the cause: but in theory it does at least need the KSM_RUN_UNMERGE check in ksm_might_need_to_copy(), to avoid bringing a KSM page back in when it's not supposed to be. I intended to copy how it's done in do_swap_page(), but have a strong aversion to how "swapcache" ends up being used there: rework it with "page != swapcache". Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23swap: add per-partition lock for swapfileShaohua Li
swap_lock is heavily contended when I test swap to 3 fast SSD (even slightly slower than swap to 2 such SSD). The main contention comes from swap_info_get(). This patch tries to fix the gap with adding a new per-partition lock. Global data like nr_swapfiles, total_swap_pages, least_priority and swap_list are still protected by swap_lock. nr_swap_pages is an atomic now, it can be changed without swap_lock. In theory, it's possible get_swap_page() finds no swap pages but actually there are free swap pages. But sounds not a big problem. Accessing partition specific data (like scan_swap_map and so on) is only protected by swap_info_struct.lock. Changing swap_info_struct.flags need hold swap_lock and swap_info_struct.lock, because scan_scan_map() will check it. read the flags is ok with either the locks hold. If both swap_lock and swap_info_struct.lock must be hold, we always hold the former first to avoid deadlock. swap_entry_free() can change swap_list. To delete that code, we add a new highest_priority_index. Whenever get_swap_page() is called, we check it. If it's valid, we use it. It's a pity get_swap_page() still holds swap_lock(). But in practice, swap_lock() isn't heavily contended in my test with this patch (or I can say there are other much more heavier bottlenecks like TLB flush). And BTW, looks get_swap_page() doesn't really need the lock. We never free swap_info[] and we check SWAP_WRITEOK flag. The only risk without the lock is we could swapout to some low priority swap, but we can quickly recover after several rounds of swap, so sounds not a big deal to me. But I'd prefer to fix this if it's a real problem. "swap: make each swap partition have one address_space" improved the swapout speed from 1.7G/s to 2G/s. This patch further improves the speed to 2.3G/s, so around 15% improvement. It's a multi-process test, so TLB flush isn't the biggest bottleneck before the patches. [arnd@arndb.de: fix it for nommu] [hughd@google.com: add missing unlock] [minchan@kernel.org: get rid of lockdep whinge on sys_swapon] Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Seth Jennings <sjenning@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@oracle.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23swap: make each swap partition have one address_spaceShaohua Li
When I use several fast SSD to do swap, swapper_space.tree_lock is heavily contended. This makes each swap partition have one address_space to reduce the lock contention. There is an array of address_space for swap. The swap entry type is the index to the array. In my test with 3 SSD, this increases the swapout throughput 20%. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: revert unneeded change to __add_to_swap_cache] Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-22new helper: file_inode(file)Al Viro
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-12-11mm, oom: fix race when specifying a thread as the oom originDavid Rientjes
test_set_oom_score_adj() and compare_swap_oom_score_adj() are used to specify that current should be killed first if an oom condition occurs in between the two calls. The usage is short oom_score_adj = test_set_oom_score_adj(OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX); ... compare_swap_oom_score_adj(OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX, oom_score_adj); to store the thread's oom_score_adj, temporarily change it to the maximum score possible, and then restore the old value if it is still the same. This happens to still be racy, however, if the user writes OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX to /proc/pid/oom_score_adj in between the two calls. The compare_swap_oom_score_adj() will then incorrectly reset the old value prior to the write of OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX. To fix this, introduce a new oom_flags_t member in struct signal_struct that will be used for per-thread oom killer flags. KSM and swapoff can now use a bit in this member to specify that threads should be killed first in oom conditions without playing around with oom_score_adj. This also allows the correct oom_score_adj to always be shown when reading /proc/pid/oom_score. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Anton Vorontsov <anton.vorontsov@linaro.org> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-11mm, oom: change type of oom_score_adj to shortDavid Rientjes
The maximum oom_score_adj is 1000 and the minimum oom_score_adj is -1000, so this range can be represented by the signed short type with no functional change. The extra space this frees up in struct signal_struct will be used for per-thread oom kill flags in the next patch. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Anton Vorontsov <anton.vorontsov@linaro.org> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-11mm: do not call frontswap_init() during swapoffCesar Eduardo Barros
The call to frontswap_init() was added within enable_swap_info(), which was called not only during sys_swapon, but also to reinsert the swap_info into the swap_list in case of failure of try_to_unuse() within sys_swapoff. This means that frontswap_init() might be called more than once for the same swap area. While as far as I could see no frontswap implementation has any problem with it (and in fact, all the ones I found ignore the parameter passed to frontswap_init), this could change in the future. To prevent future problems, move the call to frontswap_init() to outside the code shared between sys_swapon and sys_swapoff. Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Acked-by: Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@oracle.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-11mm: refactor reinsert of swap_info in sys_swapoff()Cesar Eduardo Barros
The block within sys_swapoff() which re-inserts the swap_info into the swap_list in case of failure of try_to_unuse() reads a few values outside the swap_lock. While this is safe at that point, it is subtle code. Simplify the code by moving the reading of these values to a separate function, refactoring it a bit so they are read from within the swap_lock. This is easier to understand, and matches better the way it worked before I unified the insertion of the swap_info from both sys_swapon and sys_swapoff. This change should make no functional difference. The only real change is moving the read of two or three structure fields to within the lock (frontswap_map_get() is nothing more than a read of p->frontswap_map). Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@oracle.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-11-16swapfile: fix name leak in swapoffXiaotian Feng
There's a name leak introduced by commit 91a27b2a7567 ("vfs: define struct filename and have getname() return it"). Add the missing putname. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanup] Signed-off-by: Xiaotian Feng <dannyfeng@tencent.com> Reviewed-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-12vfs: make path_openat take a struct filename pointerJeff Layton
...and fix up the callers. For do_file_open_root, just declare a struct filename on the stack and fill out the .name field. For do_filp_open, make it also take a struct filename pointer, and fix up its callers to call it appropriately. For filp_open, add a variant that takes a struct filename pointer and turn filp_open into a wrapper around it. Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-10-12vfs: define struct filename and have getname() return itJeff Layton
getname() is intended to copy pathname strings from userspace into a kernel buffer. The result is just a string in kernel space. It would however be quite helpful to be able to attach some ancillary info to the string. For instance, we could attach some audit-related info to reduce the amount of audit-related processing needed. When auditing is enabled, we could also call getname() on the string more than once and not need to recopy it from userspace. This patchset converts the getname()/putname() interfaces to return a struct instead of a string. For now, the struct just tracks the string in kernel space and the original userland pointer for it. Later, we'll add other information to the struct as it becomes convenient. Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-07-31mm: swapfile: clean up unuse_pte race handlingJohannes Weiner
The conditional mem_cgroup_cancel_charge_swapin() is a leftover from when the function would continue to reestablish the page even after mem_cgroup_try_charge_swapin() failed. After 85d9fc8 "memcg: fix refcnt handling at swapoff", the condition is always true when this code is reached. Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwp.linux@gmail.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-07-31swapfile: avoid dereferencing bd_disk during swap_entry_free for network storageMel Gorman
Commit b3a27d ("swap: Add swap slot free callback to block_device_operations") dereferences p->bdev->bd_disk but this is a NULL dereference if using swap-over-NFS. This patch checks SWP_BLKDEV on the swap_info_struct before dereferencing. With reference to this callback, Christoph Hellwig stated "Please just remove the callback entirely. It has no user outside the staging tree and was added clearly against the rules for that staging tree". This would also be my preference but there was not an obvious way of keeping zram in staging/ happy. Signed-off-by: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc> Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-07-31mm: swap: implement generic handler for swap_activateMel Gorman
The version of swap_activate introduced is sufficient for swap-over-NFS but would not provide enough information to implement a generic handler. This patch shuffles things slightly to ensure the same information is available for aops->swap_activate() as is available to the core. No functionality change. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc> Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Cc: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-07-31mm: add support for a filesystem to activate swap files and use direct_IO ↵Mel Gorman
for writing swap pages Currently swapfiles are managed entirely by the core VM by using ->bmap to allocate space and write to the blocks directly. This effectively ensures that the underlying blocks are allocated and avoids the need for the swap subsystem to locate what physical blocks store offsets within a file. If the swap subsystem is to use the filesystem information to locate the blocks, it is critical that information such as block groups, block bitmaps and the block descriptor table that map the swap file were resident in memory. This patch adds address_space_operations that the VM can call when activating or deactivating swap backed by a file. int swap_activate(struct file *); int swap_deactivate(struct file *); The ->swap_activate() method is used to communicate to the file that the VM relies on it, and the address_space should take adequate measures such as reserving space in the underlying device, reserving memory for mempools and pinning information such as the block descriptor table in memory. The ->swap_deactivate() method is called on sys_swapoff() if ->swap_activate() returned success. After a successful swapfile ->swap_activate, the swapfile is marked SWP_FILE and swapper_space.a_ops will proxy to sis->swap_file->f_mappings->a_ops using ->direct_io to write swapcache pages and ->readpage to read. It is perfectly possible that direct_IO be used to read the swap pages but it is an unnecessary complication. Similarly, it is possible that ->writepage be used instead of direct_io to write the pages but filesystem developers have stated that calling writepage from the VM is undesirable for a variety of reasons and using direct_IO opens up the possibility of writing back batches of swap pages in the future. [a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl: Original patch] Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc> Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Cc: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-07-31mm: methods for teaching filesystems about PG_swapcache pagesMel Gorman
In order to teach filesystems to handle swap cache pages, three new page functions are introduced: pgoff_t page_file_index(struct page *); loff_t page_file_offset(struct page *); struct address_space *page_file_mapping(struct page *); page_file_index() - gives the offset of this page in the file in PAGE_CACHE_SIZE blocks. Like page->index is for mapped pages, this function also gives the correct index for PG_swapcache pages. page_file_offset() - uses page_file_index(), so that it will give the expected result, even for PG_swapcache pages. page_file_mapping() - gives the mapping backing the actual page; that is for swap cache pages it will give swap_file->f_mapping. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <sebastian@breakpoint.cc> Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Cc: Xiaotian Feng <dfeng@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-06-15swap: fix shmem swapping when more than 8 areasHugh Dickins
Minchan Kim reports that when a system has many swap areas, and tmpfs swaps out to the ninth or more, shmem_getpage_gfp()'s attempts to read back the page cannot locate it, and the read fails with -ENOMEM. Whoops. Yes, I blindly followed read_swap_header()'s pte_to_swp_entry( swp_entry_to_pte()) technique for determining maximum usable swap offset, without stopping to realize that that actually depends upon the pte swap encoding shifting swap offset to the higher bits and truncating it there. Whereas our radix_tree swap encoding leaves offset in the lower bits: it's swap "type" (that is, index of swap area) that was truncated. Fix it by reducing the SWP_TYPE_SHIFT() in swapops.h, and removing the broken radix_to_swp_entry(swp_to_radix_entry()) from read_swap_header(). This does not reduce the usable size of a swap area any further, it leaves it as claimed when making the original commit: no change from 3.0 on x86_64, nor on i386 without PAE; but 3.0's 512GB is reduced to 128GB per swapfile on i386 with PAE. It's not a change I would have risked five years ago, but with x86_64 supported for ten years, I believe it's appropriate now. Hmm, and what if some architecture implements its swap pte with offset encoded below type? That would equally break the maximum usable swap offset check. Happily, they all follow the same tradition of encoding offset above type, but I'll prepare a check on that for next. Reported-and-Reviewed-and-Tested-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org [3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4] Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-06-04Merge tag 'stable/frontswap.v16-tag' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/konrad/mm Pull frontswap feature from Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk: "Frontswap provides a "transcendent memory" interface for swap pages. In some environments, dramatic performance savings may be obtained because swapped pages are saved in RAM (or a RAM-like device) instead of a swap disk. This tag provides the basic infrastructure along with some changes to the existing backends." Fix up trivial conflict in mm/Makefile due to removal of swap token code changing a line next to the new frontswap entry. This pull request came in before the merge window even opened, it got delayed to after the merge window by me just wanting to make sure it had actual users. Apparently IBM is using this on their embedded side, and Jan Beulich says that it's already made available for SLES and OpenSUSE users. Also acked by Rik van Riel, and Konrad points to other people liking it too. So in it goes. By Dan Magenheimer (4) and Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk (2) via Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk * tag 'stable/frontswap.v16-tag' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/konrad/mm: frontswap: s/put_page/store/g s/get_page/load MAINTAINER: Add myself for the frontswap API mm: frontswap: config and doc files mm: frontswap: core frontswap functionality mm: frontswap: core swap subsystem hooks and headers mm: frontswap: add frontswap header file
2012-05-29memcg: fix/change behavior of shared anon at moving taskKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
This patch changes memcg's behavior at task_move(). At task_move(), the kernel scans a task's page table and move the changes for mapped pages from source cgroup to target cgroup. There has been a bug at handling shared anonymous pages for a long time. Before patch: - The spec says 'shared anonymous pages are not moved.' - The implementation was 'shared anonymoys pages may be moved'. If page_mapcount <=2, shared anonymous pages's charge were moved. After patch: - The spec says 'all anonymous pages are moved'. - The implementation is 'all anonymous pages are moved'. Considering usage of memcg, this will not affect user's experience. 'shared anonymous' pages only exists between a tree of processes which don't do exec(). Moving one of process without exec() seems not sane. For example, libcgroup will not be affected by this change. (Anyway, no one noticed the implementation for a long time...) Below is a discussion log: - current spec/implementation are complex - Now, shared file caches are moved - It adds unclear check as page_mapcount(). To do correct check, we should check swap users, etc. - No one notice this implementation behavior. So, no one get benefit from the design. - In general, once task is moved to a cgroup for running, it will not be moved.... - Finally, we have control knob as memory.move_charge_at_immigrate. Here is a patch to allow moving shared pages, completely. This makes memcg simpler and fix current broken code. Suggested-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-05-29shmem: replace page if mapping excludes its zoneHugh Dickins
The GMA500 GPU driver uses GEM shmem objects, but with a new twist: the backing RAM has to be below 4GB. Not a problem while the boards supported only 4GB: but now Intel's D2700MUD boards support 8GB, and their GMA3600 is managed by the GMA500 driver. shmem/tmpfs has never pretended to support hardware restrictions on the backing memory, but it might have appeared to do so before v3.1, and even now it works fine until a page is swapped out then back in. When read_cache_page_gfp() supplied a freshly allocated page for copy, that compensated for whatever choice might have been made by earlier swapin readahead; but swapoff was likely to destroy the illusion. We'd like to continue to support GMA500, so now add a new shmem_should_replace_page() check on the zone when about to move a page from swapcache to filecache (in swapin and swapoff cases), with shmem_replace_page() to allocate and substitute a suitable page (given gma500/gem.c's mapping_set_gfp_mask GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_DMA32). This does involve a minor extension to mem_cgroup_replace_page_cache() (the page may or may not have already been charged); and I've removed a comment and call to mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(), which in fact is always a no-op while PageSwapCache. Also removed optimization of an unlikely path in shmem_getpage_gfp(), now that we need to check PageSwapCache more carefully (a racing caller might already have made the copy). And at one point shmem_unuse_inode() needs to use the hitherto private page_swapcount(), to guard against racing with inode eviction. It would make sense to extend shmem_should_replace_page(), to cover cpuset and NUMA mempolicy restrictions too, but set that aside for now: needs a cleanup of shmem mempolicy handling, and more testing, and ought to handle swap faults in do_swap_page() as well as shmem. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> Cc: Stephane Marchesin <marcheu@chromium.org> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Dave Airlie <airlied@gmail.com> Cc: Daniel Vetter <daniel@ffwll.ch> Cc: Rob Clark <rob.clark@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-05-15mm: frontswap: core swap subsystem hooks and headersDan Magenheimer
This patch, 2of4, contains the changes to the core swap subsystem. This includes: (1) makes available core swap data structures (swap_lock, swap_list and swap_info) that are needed by frontswap.c but we don't need to expose them to the dozens of files that include swap.h so we create a new swapfile.h just to extern-ify these and modify their declarations to non-static (2) adds frontswap-related elements to swap_info_struct. Frontswap_map points to vzalloc'ed one-bit-per-swap-page metadata that indicates whether the swap page is in frontswap or in the device and frontswap_pages counts how many pages are in frontswap. (3) adds hooks in the swap subsystem and extends try_to_unuse so that frontswap_shrink can do a "partial swapoff". Note that a failed frontswap_map allocation is safe... failure is noted by lack of "FS" in the subsequent printk. --- [v14: rebase to 3.4-rc2] [v10: no change] [v9: akpm@linux-foundation.org: mark some statics __read_mostly] [v9: akpm@linux-foundation.org: add clarifying comments] [v9: akpm@linux-foundation.org: no need to loop repeating try_to_unuse] [v9: error27@gmail.com: remove superfluous check for NULL] [v8: rebase to 3.0-rc4] [v8: kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com: change counter to atomic_t to avoid races] [v8: kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com: comment to clarify informational counters] [v7: rebase to 3.0-rc3] [v7: JBeulich@novell.com: add new swap struct elements only if config'd] [v6: rebase to 3.0-rc1] [v6: lliubbo@gmail.com: fix null pointer deref if vzalloc fails] [v6: konrad.wilk@oracl.com: various checks and code clarifications/comments] [v5: no change from v4] [v4: rebase to 2.6.39] Signed-off-by: Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@oracle.com> Reviewed-by: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Jan Beulich <JBeulich@novell.com> Acked-by: Seth Jennings <sjenning@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <matthew@wil.cx> Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com> Cc: Rik Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> [v11: Rebased, fixed mm/swapfile.c context change] Signed-off-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
2012-03-28swapon: check validity of swap_flagsHugh Dickins
Most system calls taking flags first check that the flags passed in are valid, and that helps userspace to detect when new flags are supported. But swapon never did so: start checking now, to help if we ever want to support more swap_flags in future. It's difficult to get stray bits set in an int, and swapon is not widely used, so this is most unlikely to break any userspace; but we can just revert if it turns out to do so. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-03-22Merge branch 'akpm' (Andrew's patch-bomb)Linus Torvalds
Merge first batch of patches from Andrew Morton: "A few misc things and all the MM queue" * emailed from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (92 commits) memcg: avoid THP split in task migration thp: add HPAGE_PMD_* definitions for !CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE memcg: clean up existing move charge code mm/memcontrol.c: remove unnecessary 'break' in mem_cgroup_read() mm/memcontrol.c: remove redundant BUG_ON() in mem_cgroup_usage_unregister_event() mm/memcontrol.c: s/stealed/stolen/ memcg: fix performance of mem_cgroup_begin_update_page_stat() memcg: remove PCG_FILE_MAPPED memcg: use new logic for page stat accounting memcg: remove PCG_MOVE_LOCK flag from page_cgroup memcg: simplify move_account() check memcg: remove EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_cgroup_update_page_stat) memcg: kill dead prev_priority stubs memcg: remove PCG_CACHE page_cgroup flag memcg: let css_get_next() rely upon rcu_read_lock() cgroup: revert ss_id_lock to spinlock idr: make idr_get_next() good for rcu_read_lock() memcg: remove unnecessary thp check in page stat accounting memcg: remove redundant returns memcg: enum lru_list lru ...
2012-03-21swap: don't do discard if no discard option addedShaohua Li
When swapon() was not passed the SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD option, sys_swapon() will still perform a discard operation. This can cause problems if discard is slow or buggy. Reverse the order of the check so that a discard operation is performed only if the sys_swapon() caller is attempting to enable discard. Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com> Reported-by: Holger Kiehl <Holger.Kiehl@dwd.de> Tested-by: Holger Kiehl <Holger.Kiehl@dwd.de> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-03-21mm: make swapin readahead skip over holesRik van Riel
Ever since abandoning the virtual scan of processes, for scalability reasons, swap space has been a little more fragmented than before. This can lead to the situation where a large memory user is killed, swap space ends up full of "holes" and swapin readahead is totally ineffective. On my home system, after killing a leaky firefox it took over an hour to page just under 2GB of memory back in, slowing the virtual machines down to a crawl. This patch makes swapin readahead simply skip over holes, instead of stopping at them. This allows the system to swap things back in at rates of several MB/second, instead of a few hundred kB/second. The checks done in valid_swaphandles are already done in read_swap_cache_async as well, allowing us to remove a fair amount of code. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix it for page_cluster >= 32] Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Adrian Drzewiecki <z@drze.net> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-03-21mm: thp: fix pmd_bad() triggering in code paths holding mmap_sem read modeAndrea Arcangeli
In some cases it may happen that pmd_none_or_clear_bad() is called with the mmap_sem hold in read mode. In those cases the huge page faults can allocate hugepmds under pmd_none_or_clear_bad() and that can trigger a false positive from pmd_bad() that will not like to see a pmd materializing as trans huge. It's not khugepaged causing the problem, khugepaged holds the mmap_sem in write mode (and all those sites must hold the mmap_sem in read mode to prevent pagetables to go away from under them, during code review it seems vm86 mode on 32bit kernels requires that too unless it's restricted to 1 thread per process or UP builds). The race is only with the huge pagefaults that can convert a pmd_none() into a pmd_trans_huge(). Effectively all these pmd_none_or_clear_bad() sites running with mmap_sem in read mode are somewhat speculative with the page faults, and the result is always undefined when they run simultaneously. This is probably why it wasn't common to run into this. For example if the madvise(MADV_DONTNEED) runs zap_page_range() shortly before the page fault, the hugepage will not be zapped, if the page fault runs first it will be zapped. Altering pmd_bad() not to error out if it finds hugepmds won't be enough to fix this, because zap_pmd_range would then proceed to call zap_pte_range (which would be incorrect if the pmd become a pmd_trans_huge()). The simplest way to fix this is to read the pmd in the local stack (regardless of what we read, no need of actual CPU barriers, only compiler barrier needed), and be sure it is not changing under the code that computes its value. Even if the real pmd is changing under the value we hold on the stack, we don't care. If we actually end up in zap_pte_range it means the pmd was not none already and it was not huge, and it can't become huge from under us (khugepaged locking explained above). All we need is to enforce that there is no way anymore that in a code path like below, pmd_trans_huge can be false, but pmd_none_or_clear_bad can run into a hugepmd. The overhead of a barrier() is just a compiler tweak and should not be measurable (I only added it for THP builds). I don't exclude different compiler versions may have prevented the race too by caching the value of *pmd on the stack (that hasn't been verified, but it wouldn't be impossible considering pmd_none_or_clear_bad, pmd_bad, pmd_trans_huge, pmd_none are all inlines and there's no external function called in between pmd_trans_huge and pmd_none_or_clear_bad). if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)) { if (next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) { VM_BUG_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&tlb->mm->mmap_sem)); split_huge_page_pmd(vma->vm_mm, pmd); } else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) Because this race condition could be exercised without special privileges this was reported in CVE-2012-1179. The race was identified and fully explained by Ulrich who debugged it. I'm quoting his accurate explanation below, for reference. ====== start quote ======= mapcount 0 page_mapcount 1 kernel BUG at mm/huge_memory.c:1384! At some point prior to the panic, a "bad pmd ..." message similar to the following is logged on the console: mm/memory.c:145: bad pmd ffff8800376e1f98(80000000314000e7). The "bad pmd ..." message is logged by pmd_clear_bad() before it clears the page's PMD table entry. 143 void pmd_clear_bad(pmd_t *pmd) 144 { -> 145 pmd_ERROR(*pmd); 146 pmd_clear(pmd); 147 } After the PMD table entry has been cleared, there is an inconsistency between the actual number of PMD table entries that are mapping the page and the page's map count (_mapcount field in struct page). When the page is subsequently reclaimed, __split_huge_page() detects this inconsistency. 1381 if (mapcount != page_mapcount(page)) 1382 printk(KERN_ERR "mapcount %d page_mapcount %d\n", 1383 mapcount, page_mapcount(page)); -> 1384 BUG_ON(mapcount != page_mapcount(page)); The root cause of the problem is a race of two threads in a multithreaded process. Thread B incurs a page fault on a virtual address that has never been accessed (PMD entry is zero) while Thread A is executing an madvise() system call on a virtual address within the same 2 MB (huge page) range. virtual address space .---------------------. | | | | .-|---------------------| | | | | | |<-- B(fault) | | | 2 MB | |/////////////////////|-. huge < |/////////////////////| > A(range) page | |/////////////////////|-' | | | | | | '-|---------------------| | | | | '---------------------' - Thread A is executing an madvise(..., MADV_DONTNEED) system call on the virtual address range "A(range)" shown in the picture. sys_madvise // Acquire the semaphore in shared mode. down_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem) ... madvise_vma switch (behavior) case MADV_DONTNEED: madvise_dontneed zap_page_range unmap_vmas unmap_page_range zap_pud_range zap_pmd_range // // Assume that this huge page has never been accessed. // I.e. content of the PMD entry is zero (not mapped). // if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)) { // We don't get here due to the above assumption. } // // Assume that Thread B incurred a page fault and .---------> // sneaks in here as shown below. | // | if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) | { | if (unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) | pmd_clear_bad | { | pmd_ERROR | // Log "bad pmd ..." message here. | pmd_clear | // Clear the page's PMD entry. | // Thread B incremented the map count | // in page_add_new_anon_rmap(), but | // now the page is no longer mapped | // by a PMD entry (-> inconsistency). | } | } | v - Thread B is handling a page fault on virtual address "B(fault)" shown in the picture. ... do_page_fault __do_page_fault // Acquire the semaphore in shared mode. down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_sem) ... handle_mm_fault if (pmd_none(*pmd) && transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) // We get here due to the above assumption (PMD entry is zero). do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page alloc_hugepage_vma // Allocate a new transparent huge page here. ... __do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page ... spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock) ... page_add_new_anon_rmap // Here we increment the page's map count (starts at -1). atomic_set(&page->_mapcount, 0) set_pmd_at // Here we set the page's PMD entry which will be cleared // when Thread A calls pmd_clear_bad(). ... spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock) The mmap_sem does not prevent the race because both threads are acquiring it in shared mode (down_read). Thread B holds the page_table_lock while the page's map count and PMD table entry are updated. However, Thread A does not synchronize on that lock. ====== end quote ======= [akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes] Reported-by: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Acked-by: Larry Woodman <lwoodman@redhat.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [2.6.38+] Cc: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-03-21Merge branch 'next' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security Pull security subsystem updates for 3.4 from James Morris: "The main addition here is the new Yama security module from Kees Cook, which was discussed at the Linux Security Summit last year. Its purpose is to collect miscellaneous DAC security enhancements in one place. This also marks a departure in policy for LSM modules, which were previously limited to being standalone access control systems. Chromium OS is using Yama, and I believe there are plans for Ubuntu, at least. This patchset also includes maintenance updates for AppArmor, TOMOYO and others." Fix trivial conflict in <net/sock.h> due to the jumo_label->static_key rename. * 'next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security: (38 commits) AppArmor: Fix location of const qualifier on generated string tables TOMOYO: Return error if fails to delete a domain AppArmor: add const qualifiers to string arrays AppArmor: Add ability to load extended policy TOMOYO: Return appropriate value to poll(). AppArmor: Move path failure information into aa_get_name and rename AppArmor: Update dfa matching routines. AppArmor: Minor cleanup of d_namespace_path to consolidate error handling AppArmor: Retrieve the dentry_path for error reporting when path lookup fails AppArmor: Add const qualifiers to generated string tables AppArmor: Fix oops in policy unpack auditing AppArmor: Fix error returned when a path lookup is disconnected KEYS: testing wrong bit for KEY_FLAG_REVOKED TOMOYO: Fix mount flags checking order. security: fix ima kconfig warning AppArmor: Fix the error case for chroot relative path name lookup AppArmor: fix mapping of META_READ to audit and quiet flags AppArmor: Fix underflow in xindex calculation AppArmor: Fix dropping of allowed operations that are force audited AppArmor: Add mising end of structure test to caps unpacking ...
2012-03-20mm: remove the second argument of k[un]map_atomic()Cong Wang
Signed-off-by: Cong Wang <amwang@redhat.com>
2012-02-14mm: collapse security_vm_enough_memory() variants into a single functionAl Viro
Collapse security_vm_enough_memory() variants into a single function. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
2012-01-12mm: unify remaining mem_cont, mem, etc. variable names to memcgJohannes Weiner
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-01-10mm: avoid livelock on !__GFP_FS allocationsMel Gorman
Colin Cross reported; Under the following conditions, __alloc_pages_slowpath can loop forever: gfp_mask & __GFP_WAIT is true gfp_mask & __GFP_FS is false reclaim and compaction make no progress order <= PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER These conditions happen very often during suspend and resume, when pm_restrict_gfp_mask() effectively converts all GFP_KERNEL allocations into __GFP_WAIT. The oom killer is not run because gfp_mask & __GFP_FS is false, but should_alloc_retry will always return true when order is less than PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER. In his fix, he avoided retrying the allocation if reclaim made no progress and __GFP_FS was not set. The problem is that this would result in GFP_NOIO allocations failing that previously succeeded which would be very unfortunate. The big difference between GFP_NOIO and suspend converting GFP_KERNEL to behave like GFP_NOIO is that normally flushers will be cleaning pages and kswapd reclaims pages allowing GFP_NOIO to succeed after a short delay. The same does not necessarily apply during suspend as the storage device may be suspended. This patch special cases the suspend case to fail the page allocation if reclaim cannot make progress and adds some documentation on how gfp_allowed_mask is currently used. Failing allocations like this may cause suspend to abort but that is better than a livelock. [mgorman@suse.de: Rework fix to be suspend specific] [rientjes@google.com: Move suspended device check to should_alloc_retry] Reported-by: Colin Cross <ccross@android.com> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-11-06Merge branch 'modsplit-Oct31_2011' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/paulg/linux * 'modsplit-Oct31_2011' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/paulg/linux: (230 commits) Revert "tracing: Include module.h in define_trace.h" irq: don't put module.h into irq.h for tracking irqgen modules. bluetooth: macroize two small inlines to avoid module.h ip_vs.h: fix implicit use of module_get/module_put from module.h nf_conntrack.h: fix up fallout from implicit moduleparam.h presence include: replace linux/module.h with "struct module" wherever possible include: convert various register fcns to macros to avoid include chaining crypto.h: remove unused crypto_tfm_alg_modname() inline uwb.h: fix implicit use of asm/page.h for PAGE_SIZE pm_runtime.h: explicitly requires notifier.h linux/dmaengine.h: fix implicit use of bitmap.h and asm/page.h miscdevice.h: fix up implicit use of lists and types stop_machine.h: fix implicit use of smp.h for smp_processor_id of: fix implicit use of errno.h in include/linux/of.h of_platform.h: delete needless include <linux/module.h> acpi: remove module.h include from platform/aclinux.h miscdevice.h: delete unnecessary inclusion of module.h device_cgroup.h: delete needless include <linux/module.h> net: sch_generic remove redundant use of <linux/module.h> net: inet_timewait_sock doesnt need <linux/module.h> ... Fix up trivial conflicts (other header files, and removal of the ab3550 mfd driver) in - drivers/media/dvb/frontends/dibx000_common.c - drivers/media/video/{mt9m111.c,ov6650.c} - drivers/mfd/ab3550-core.c - include/linux/dmaengine.h
2011-10-31oom: fix race while temporarily setting current's oom_score_adjDavid Rientjes
test_set_oom_score_adj() was introduced in 72788c385604 ("oom: replace PF_OOM_ORIGIN with toggling oom_score_adj") to temporarily elevate current's oom_score_adj for ksm and swapoff without requiring an additional per-process flag. Using that function to both set oom_score_adj to OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX and then reinstate the previous value is racy since it's possible that userspace can set the value to something else itself before the old value is reinstated. That results in userspace setting current's oom_score_adj to a different value and then the kernel immediately setting it back to its previous value without notification. To fix this, a new compare_swap_oom_score_adj() function is introduced with the same semantics as the compare and swap CAS instruction, or CMPXCHG on x86. It is used to reinstate the previous value of oom_score_adj if and only if the present value is the same as the old value. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-10-31mm: delete various needless include <linux/module.h>Paul Gortmaker
There is nothing modular in these files, and no reason to drag in all the 357 headers that module.h brings with it, since it just slows down compiles. Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
2011-08-03mm: let swap use exceptional entriesHugh Dickins
If swap entries are to be stored along with struct page pointers in a radix tree, they need to be distinguished as exceptional entries. Most of the handling of swap entries in radix tree will be contained in shmem.c, but a few functions in filemap.c's common code need to check for their appearance: find_get_page(), find_lock_page(), find_get_pages() and find_get_pages_contig(). So as not to slow their fast paths, tuck those checks inside the existing checks for unlikely radix_tree_deref_slot(); except for find_lock_page(), where it is an added test. And make it a BUG in find_get_pages_tag(), which is not applied to tmpfs files. A part of the reason for eliminating shmem_readpage() earlier, was to minimize the places where common code would need to allow for swap entries. The swp_entry_t known to swapfile.c must be massaged into a slightly different form when stored in the radix tree, just as it gets massaged into a pte_t when stored in page tables. In an i386 kernel this limits its information (type and page offset) to 30 bits: given 32 "types" of swapfile and 4kB pagesize, that's a maximum swapfile size of 128GB. Which is less than the 512GB we previously allowed with X86_PAE (where the swap entry can occupy the entire upper 32 bits of a pte_t), but not a new limitation on 32-bit without PAE; and there's not a new limitation on 64-bit (where swap filesize is already limited to 16TB by a 32-bit page offset). Thirty areas of 128GB is probably still enough swap for a 64GB 32-bit machine. Provide swp_to_radix_entry() and radix_to_swp_entry() conversions, and enforce filesize limit in read_swap_header(), just as for ptes. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-07-20fs: seq_file - add event counter to simplify poll() supportKay Sievers
Moving the event counter into the dynamically allocated 'struc seq_file' allows poll() support without the need to allocate its own tracking structure. All current users are switched over to use the new counter. Requested-by: Andrew Morton akpm@linux-foundation.org Acked-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.de> Tested-by: Lucas De Marchi lucas.demarchi@profusion.mobi Signed-off-by: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2011-06-27mm: move shmem prototypes to shmem_fs.hHugh Dickins
Before adding any more global entry points into shmem.c, gather such prototypes into shmem_fs.h. Remove mm's own declarations from swap.h, but for now leave the ones in mm.h: because shmem_file_setup() and shmem_zero_setup() are called from various places, and we should not force other subsystems to update immediately. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-05-25oom: replace PF_OOM_ORIGIN with toggling oom_score_adjDavid Rientjes
There's a kernel-wide shortage of per-process flags, so it's always helpful to trim one when possible without incurring a significant penalty. It's even more important when you're planning on adding a per- process flag yourself, which I plan to do shortly for transparent hugepages. PF_OOM_ORIGIN is used by ksm and swapoff to prefer current since it has a tendency to allocate large amounts of memory and should be preferred for killing over other tasks. We'd rather immediately kill the task making the errant syscall rather than penalizing an innocent task. This patch removes PF_OOM_ORIGIN since its behavior is equivalent to setting the process's oom_score_adj to OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX. The process's old oom_score_adj is stored and then set to OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX during the time it used to have PF_OOM_ORIGIN. The old value is then reinstated when the process should no longer be considered a high priority for oom killing. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-24Merge branch 'for-2.6.39/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-2.6-blockLinus Torvalds
* 'for-2.6.39/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-2.6-block: (65 commits) Documentation/iostats.txt: bit-size reference etc. cfq-iosched: removing unnecessary think time checking cfq-iosched: Don't clear queue stats when preempt. blk-throttle: Reset group slice when limits are changed blk-cgroup: Only give unaccounted_time under debug cfq-iosched: Don't set active queue in preempt block: fix non-atomic access to genhd inflight structures block: attempt to merge with existing requests on plug flush block: NULL dereference on error path in __blkdev_get() cfq-iosched: Don't update group weights when on service tree fs: assign sb->s_bdi to default_backing_dev_info if the bdi is going away block: Require subsystems to explicitly allocate bio_set integrity mempool jbd2: finish conversion from WRITE_SYNC_PLUG to WRITE_SYNC and explicit plugging jbd: finish conversion from WRITE_SYNC_PLUG to WRITE_SYNC and explicit plugging fs: make fsync_buffers_list() plug mm: make generic_writepages() use plugging blk-cgroup: Add unaccounted time to timeslice_used. block: fixup plugging stubs for !CONFIG_BLOCK block: remove obsolete comments for blkdev_issue_zeroout. blktrace: Use rq->cmd_flags directly in blk_add_trace_rq. ... Fix up conflicts in fs/{aio.c,super.c}
2011-03-23memcg: fix ugly initialization of return value is in callerKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
Remove initialization of vaiable in caller of memory cgroup function. Actually, it's return value of memcg function but it's initialized in caller. Some memory cgroup uses following style to bring the result of start function to the end function for avoiding races. mem_cgroup_start_A(&(*ptr)) /* Something very complicated can happen here. */ mem_cgroup_end_A(*ptr) In some calls, *ptr should be initialized to NULL be caller. But it's ugly. This patch fixes that *ptr is initialized by _start function. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-23sys_swapon: fix inode lockingCesar Eduardo Barros
A conflict between 52c50567d8ab ("mm: swap: unlock swapfile inode mutex before closing file on bad swapfiles") and 83ef99befc32 ("sys_swapon: remove did_down variable") caused a double unlock of the inode mutex (once in bad_swap: before the filp_close, once at the end just before returning). The patch which added the extra unlock cleared did_down to avoid unlocking twice, but the other patch removed the did_down variable. To fix, set inode to NULL after the first unlock, since it will be used after that point only for the final unlock. While checking this patch, I found a path which could unlock without locking, in case the same inode was added as a swapfile twice. To fix, move the setting of the inode variable further down, to just before claim_swapfile, which will lock the inode before doing anything else. Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-22mm: remove inline from scan_swap_map()Cesar Eduardo Barros
scan_swap_map() is a large function (224 lines), with several loops and a complex control flow involving several gotos. Given all that, it is a bit silly that it is marked as inline. The compiler agrees with me: on a x86-64 compile, it did not inline the function. Remove the "inline" and let the compiler decide instead. Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net> Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-22sys_swapon: separate final enabling of the swapfileCesar Eduardo Barros
The block in sys_swapon which does the final adjustments to the swap_info_struct and to swap_list is the same as the block which re-inserts it again at sys_swapoff on failure of try_to_unuse(). Move this code to a separate function, and use it both in sys_swapon and sys_swapoff. Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net> Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-22sys_swapoff: change order to match sys_swaponCesar Eduardo Barros
The block in sys_swapon which does the final adjustments to the swap_info_struct and to swap_list is the same as the block which re-inserts it again at sys_swapoff on failure of try_to_unuse(), except for the order of the operations within the lock. Since the order should not matter, arbitrarily change sys_swapoff to match sys_swapon, in preparation to making both share the same code. Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net> Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-22sys_swapon: move printk outside lockCesar Eduardo Barros
The block in sys_swapon which does the final adjustments to the swap_info_struct and to swap_list is the same as the block which re-inserts it again at sys_swapoff on failure of try_to_unuse(). To be able to make both share the same code, move the printk() call in the middle of it to just after it. Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net> Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-22sys_swapon: remove nr_good_pages variableCesar Eduardo Barros
It still exists within setup_swap_map_and_extents(), but after it nr_good_pages == p->pages. Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net> Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-22sys_swapon: simplify error flow in setup_swap_map_and_extents()Cesar Eduardo Barros
Since there is no cleanup to do, there is no reason to jump to a label. Return directly instead. Signed-off-by: Cesar Eduardo Barros <cesarb@cesarb.net> Tested-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Acked-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@mgebm.net> Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>