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2013-04-29page_alloc: make setup_nr_node_ids() usable for arch init codeCody P Schafer
powerpc and x86 were opencoding copies of setup_nr_node_ids(), which page_alloc provides but makes static. Make it avaliable to the archs in linux/mm.h. Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-04-29mm: speedup in __early_pfn_to_nidRuss Anderson
When booting on a large memory system, the kernel spends considerable time in memmap_init_zone() setting up memory zones. Analysis shows significant time spent in __early_pfn_to_nid(). The routine memmap_init_zone() checks each PFN to verify the nid is valid. __early_pfn_to_nid() sequentially scans the list of pfn ranges to find the right range and returns the nid. This does not scale well. On a 4 TB (single rack) system there are 308 memory ranges to scan. The higher the PFN the more time spent sequentially spinning through memory ranges. Since memmap_init_zone() increments pfn, it will almost always be looking for the same range as the previous pfn, so check that range first. If it is in the same range, return that nid. If not, scan the list as before. A 4 TB (single rack) UV1 system takes 512 seconds to get through the zone code. This performance optimization reduces the time by 189 seconds, a 36% improvement. A 2 TB (single rack) UV2 system goes from 212.7 seconds to 99.8 seconds, a 112.9 second (53%) reduction. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: make the statics __meminitdata] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix comment formatting] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix ia64, per yinghai] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: add missing semicolon, per Tony] Signed-off-by: Russ Anderson <rja@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Tested-by: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Cc: Lin Feng <linfeng@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-04-29mm: page_alloc: avoid marking zones full prematurely after zone_reclaim()Mel Gorman
The following problem was reported against a distribution kernel when zone_reclaim was enabled but the same problem applies to the mainline kernel. The reproduction case was as follows 1. Run numactl -m +0 dd if=largefile of=/dev/null This allocates a large number of clean pages in node 0 2. numactl -N +0 memhog 0.5*Mg This start a memory-using application in node 0. The expected behaviour is that the clean pages get reclaimed and the application uses node 0 for its memory. The observed behaviour was that the memory for the memhog application was allocated off-node since commits cd38b115d5ad ("mm: page allocator: initialise ZLC for first zone eligible for zone_reclaim") and commit 76d3fbf8fbf6 ("mm: page allocator: reconsider zones for allocation after direct reclaim"). The assumption of those patches was that it was always preferable to allocate quickly than stall for long periods of time and they were meant to take care that the zone was only marked full when necessary but an important case was missed. In the allocator fast path, only the low watermarks are checked. If the zones free pages are between the low and min watermark then allocations from the allocators slow path will succeed. However, zone_reclaim will only reclaim SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX or 1<<order pages. There is no guarantee that this will meet the low watermark causing the zone to be marked full prematurely. This patch will only mark the zone full after zone_reclaim if it the min watermarks are checked or if page reclaim failed to make sufficient progress. [mhocko@suse.cz: fix alloc_flags test] Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Reported-by: Hedi Berriche <hedi@sgi.com> Tested-by: Hedi Berriche <hedi@sgi.com> Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-04-29mm, hugetlb: include hugepages in meminfoDavid Rientjes
Particularly in oom conditions, it's troublesome that hugetlb memory is not displayed. All other meminfo that is emitted will not add up to what is expected, and there is no artifact left in the kernel log to show that a potentially significant amount of memory is actually allocated as hugepages which are not available to be reclaimed. Booting with hugepages=8192 on the command line, this memory is now shown in oom conditions. For example, with echo m > /proc/sysrq-trigger: Node 0 hugepages_total=2048 hugepages_free=2048 hugepages_surp=0 hugepages_size=2048kB Node 1 hugepages_total=2048 hugepages_free=2048 hugepages_surp=0 hugepages_size=2048kB Node 2 hugepages_total=2048 hugepages_free=2048 hugepages_surp=0 hugepages_size=2048kB Node 3 hugepages_total=2048 hugepages_free=2048 hugepages_surp=0 hugepages_size=2048kB [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-04-29mm: introduce free_highmem_page() helper to free highmem pages into buddy systemJiang Liu
The original goal of this patchset is to fix the bug reported by https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=53501 Now it has also been expanded to reduce common code used by memory initializion. This is the second part, which applies to the previous part at: http://marc.info/?l=linux-mm&m=136289696323825&w=2 It introduces a helper function free_highmem_page() to free highmem pages into the buddy system when initializing mm subsystem. Introduction of free_highmem_page() is one step forward to clean up accesses and modificaitons of totalhigh_pages, totalram_pages and zone->managed_pages etc. I hope we could remove all references to totalhigh_pages from the arch/ subdirectory. We have only tested these patchset on x86 platforms, and have done basic compliation tests using cross-compilers from ftp.kernel.org. That means some code may not pass compilation on some architectures. So any help to test this patchset are welcomed! There are several other parts still under development: Part3: refine code to manage totalram_pages, totalhigh_pages and zone->managed_pages Part4: introduce helper functions to simplify mem_init() and remove the global variable num_physpages. This patch: Introduce helper function free_highmem_page(), which will be used by architectures with HIGHMEM enabled to free highmem pages into the buddy system. Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: "Suzuki K. Poulose" <suzuki@in.ibm.com> Cc: Alexander Graf <agraf@suse.de> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Attilio Rao <attilio.rao@citrix.com> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Cong Wang <amwang@redhat.com> Cc: David Daney <david.daney@cavium.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com> Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Cc: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org> Cc: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org> Cc: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> Cc: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Cc: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-04-29mm: introduce common help functions to deal with reserved/managed pagesJiang Liu
The original goal of this patchset is to fix the bug reported by https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=53501 Now it has also been expanded to reduce common code used by memory initializion. This is the first part, which applies to v3.9-rc1. It introduces following common helper functions to simplify free_initmem() and free_initrd_mem() on different architectures: adjust_managed_page_count(): will be used to adjust totalram_pages, totalhigh_pages, zone->managed_pages when reserving/unresering a page. __free_reserved_page(): free a reserved page into the buddy system without adjusting page statistics info free_reserved_page(): free a reserved page into the buddy system and adjust page statistics info mark_page_reserved(): mark a page as reserved and adjust page statistics info free_reserved_area(): free a continous ranges of pages by calling free_reserved_page() free_initmem_default(): default method to free __init pages. We have only tested these patchset on x86 platforms, and have done basic compliation tests using cross-compilers from ftp.kernel.org. That means some code may not pass compilation on some architectures. So any help to test this patchset are welcomed! There are several other parts still under development: Part2: introduce free_highmem_page() to simplify freeing highmem pages Part3: refine code to manage totalram_pages, totalhigh_pages and zone->managed_pages Part4: introduce helper functions to simplify mem_init() and remove the global variable num_physpages. This patch: Code to deal with reserved/managed pages are duplicated by many architectures, so introduce common help functions to reduce duplicated code. These common help functions will also be used to concentrate code to modify totalram_pages and zone->managed_pages, which makes the code much more clear. Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Acked-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <jejb@parisc-linux.org> Cc: Anatolij Gustschin <agust@denx.de> Cc: Aurelien Jacquiot <a-jacquiot@ti.com> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Chen Liqin <liqin.chen@sunplusct.com> Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Eric Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com> Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@mprc.pku.edu.cn> Cc: Haavard Skinnemoen <hskinnemoen@gmail.com> Cc: Hans-Christian Egtvedt <egtvedt@samfundet.no> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Cc: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru> Cc: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com> Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Cc: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com> Cc: Jonas Bonn <jonas@southpole.se> Cc: Koichi Yasutake <yasutake.koichi@jp.panasonic.com> Cc: Lennox Wu <lennox.wu@gmail.com> Cc: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Cc: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com> Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> Cc: Mikael Starvik <starvik@axis.com> Cc: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> Cc: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-04-29mm, show_mem: suppress page counts in non-blockable contextsDavid Rientjes
On large systems with a lot of memory, walking all RAM to determine page types may take a half second or even more. In non-blockable contexts, the page allocator will emit a page allocation failure warning unless __GFP_NOWARN is specified. In such contexts, irqs are typically disabled and such a lengthy delay may even result in NMI watchdog timeouts. To fix this, suppress the page walk in such contexts when printing the page allocation failure warning. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-29mm: export split_page()K. Y. Srinivasan
This symbol will be used in the Hyper-V balloon driver to support 2M allocations. Signed-off-by: K. Y. Srinivasan <kys@microsoft.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2013-03-02x86, ACPI, mm: Revert movablemem_map supportYinghai Lu
Tim found: WARNING: at arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c:324 topology_sane.isra.2+0x6f/0x80() Hardware name: S2600CP sched: CPU #1's llc-sibling CPU #0 is not on the same node! [node: 1 != 0]. Ignoring dependency. smpboot: Booting Node 1, Processors #1 Modules linked in: Pid: 0, comm: swapper/1 Not tainted 3.9.0-0-generic #1 Call Trace: set_cpu_sibling_map+0x279/0x449 start_secondary+0x11d/0x1e5 Don Morris reproduced on a HP z620 workstation, and bisected it to commit e8d195525809 ("acpi, memory-hotplug: parse SRAT before memblock is ready") It turns out movable_map has some problems, and it breaks several things 1. numa_init is called several times, NOT just for srat. so those nodes_clear(numa_nodes_parsed) memset(&numa_meminfo, 0, sizeof(numa_meminfo)) can not be just removed. Need to consider sequence is: numaq, srat, amd, dummy. and make fall back path working. 2. simply split acpi_numa_init to early_parse_srat. a. that early_parse_srat is NOT called for ia64, so you break ia64. b. for (i = 0; i < MAX_LOCAL_APIC; i++) set_apicid_to_node(i, NUMA_NO_NODE) still left in numa_init. So it will just clear result from early_parse_srat. it should be moved before that.... c. it breaks ACPI_TABLE_OVERIDE...as the acpi table scan is moved early before override from INITRD is settled. 3. that patch TITLE is total misleading, there is NO x86 in the title, but it changes critical x86 code. It caused x86 guys did not pay attention to find the problem early. Those patches really should be routed via tip/x86/mm. 4. after that commit, following range can not use movable ram: a. real_mode code.... well..funny, legacy Node0 [0,1M) could be hot-removed? b. initrd... it will be freed after booting, so it could be on movable... c. crashkernel for kdump...: looks like we can not put kdump kernel above 4G anymore. d. init_mem_mapping: can not put page table high anymore. e. initmem_init: vmemmap can not be high local node anymore. That is not good. If node is hotplugable, the mem related range like page table and vmemmap could be on the that node without problem and should be on that node. We have workaround patch that could fix some problems, but some can not be fixed. So just remove that offending commit and related ones including: f7210e6c4ac7 ("mm/memblock.c: use CONFIG_HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP to protect movablecore_map in memblock_overlaps_region().") 01a178a94e8e ("acpi, memory-hotplug: support getting hotplug info from SRAT") 27168d38fa20 ("acpi, memory-hotplug: extend movablemem_map ranges to the end of node") e8d195525809 ("acpi, memory-hotplug: parse SRAT before memblock is ready") fb06bc8e5f42 ("page_alloc: bootmem limit with movablecore_map") 42f47e27e761 ("page_alloc: make movablemem_map have higher priority") 6981ec31146c ("page_alloc: introduce zone_movable_limit[] to keep movable limit for nodes") 34b71f1e04fc ("page_alloc: add movable_memmap kernel parameter") 4d59a75125d5 ("x86: get pg_data_t's memory from other node") Later we should have patches that will make sure kernel put page table and vmemmap on local node ram instead of push them down to node0. Also need to find way to put other kernel used ram to local node ram. Reported-by: Tim Gardner <tim.gardner@canonical.com> Reported-by: Don Morris <don.morris@hp.com> Bisected-by: Don Morris <don.morris@hp.com> Tested-by: Don Morris <don.morris@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Thomas Renninger <trenn@suse.de> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-25Merge tag 'modules-next-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rusty/linux Pull module update from Rusty Russell: "The sweeping change is to make add_taint() explicitly indicate whether to disable lockdep, but it's a mechanical change." * tag 'modules-next-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rusty/linux: MODSIGN: Add option to not sign modules during modules_install MODSIGN: Add -s <signature> option to sign-file MODSIGN: Specify the hash algorithm on sign-file command line MODSIGN: Simplify Makefile with a Kconfig helper module: clean up load_module a little more. modpost: Ignore ARC specific non-alloc sections module: constify within_module_* taint: add explicit flag to show whether lock dep is still OK. module: printk message when module signature fail taints kernel.
2013-02-23mm: accurately document nr_free_*_pages functions with code commentsZhang Yanfei
nr_free_zone_pages(), nr_free_buffer_pages() and nr_free_pagecache_pages() are horribly badly named, so accurately document them with code comments in case of the misuse of them. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comments] Reviewed-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: fix return type for functions nr_free_*_pagesZhang Yanfei
Currently, the amount of RAM that functions nr_free_*_pages return is held in unsigned int. But in machines with big memory (exceeding 16TB), the amount may be incorrect because of overflow, so fix it. Signed-off-by: Zhang Yanfei <zhangyanfei@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Simon Horman <horms@verge.net.au> Cc: Julian Anastasov <ja@ssi.bg> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com> Cc: Ron Minnich <rminnich@sandia.gov> Cc: Latchesar Ionkov <lucho@ionkov.net> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: use NUMA_NO_NODEDavid Rientjes
Make a sweep through mm/ and convert code that uses -1 directly to using the more appropriate NUMA_NO_NODE. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Reviewed-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm/page_alloc: add informative debugging message in ↵Cody P Schafer
page_outside_zone_boundaries() Add a debug message which prints when a page is found outside of the boundaries of the zone it should belong to. Format is: "page $pfn outside zone [ $start_pfn - $end_pfn ]" [akpm@linux-foundation.org: s/pr_debug/pr_err/] Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm/page_alloc: add a VM_BUG in __free_one_page() if the zone is uninitialized.Cody P Schafer
Freeing pages to uninitialized zones is not handled by __free_one_page(), and should never happen when the code is correct. Ran into this while writing some code that dynamically onlines extra zones. Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: add & use zone_end_pfn() and zone_spans_pfn()Cody P Schafer
Add 2 helpers (zone_end_pfn() and zone_spans_pfn()) to reduce code duplication. This also switches to using them in compaction (where an additional variable needed to be renamed), page_alloc, vmstat, memory_hotplug, and kmemleak. Note that in compaction.c I avoid calling zone_end_pfn() repeatedly because I expect at some point the sycronization issues with start_pfn & spanned_pages will need fixing, either by actually using the seqlock or clever memory barrier usage. Signed-off-by: Cody P Schafer <cody@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: David Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: remove offlining arg to migrate_pagesHugh Dickins
No functional change, but the only purpose of the offlining argument to migrate_pages() etc, was to ensure that __unmap_and_move() could migrate a KSM page for memory hotremove (which took ksm_thread_mutex) but not for other callers. Now all cases are safe, remove the arg. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Petr Holasek <pholasek@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izik.eidus@ravellosystems.com> Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: rename page struct field helpersMel Gorman
The function names page_xchg_last_nid(), page_last_nid() and reset_page_last_nid() were judged to be inconsistent so rename them to a struct_field_op style pattern. As it looked jarring to have reset_page_mapcount() and page_nid_reset_last() beside each other in memmap_init_zone(), this patch also renames reset_page_mapcount() to page_mapcount_reset(). There are others like init_page_count() but as it is used throughout the arch code a rename would likely cause more conflicts than it is worth. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix zcache] Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Suggested-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: teach mm by current context info to not do I/O during memory allocationMing Lei
This patch introduces PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO on process flag('flags' field of 'struct task_struct'), so that the flag can be set by one task to avoid doing I/O inside memory allocation in the task's context. The patch trys to solve one deadlock problem caused by block device, and the problem may happen at least in the below situations: - during block device runtime resume, if memory allocation with GFP_KERNEL is called inside runtime resume callback of any one of its ancestors(or the block device itself), the deadlock may be triggered inside the memory allocation since it might not complete until the block device becomes active and the involed page I/O finishes. The situation is pointed out first by Alan Stern. It is not a good approach to convert all GFP_KERNEL[1] in the path into GFP_NOIO because several subsystems may be involved(for example, PCI, USB and SCSI may be involved for usb mass stoarage device, network devices involved too in the iSCSI case) - during block device runtime suspend, because runtime resume need to wait for completion of concurrent runtime suspend. - during error handling of usb mass storage deivce, USB bus reset will be put on the device, so there shouldn't have any memory allocation with GFP_KERNEL during USB bus reset, otherwise the deadlock similar with above may be triggered. Unfortunately, any usb device may include one mass storage interface in theory, so it requires all usb interface drivers to handle the situation. In fact, most usb drivers don't know how to handle bus reset on the device and don't provide .pre_set() and .post_reset() callback at all, so USB core has to unbind and bind driver for these devices. So it is still not practical to resort to GFP_NOIO for solving the problem. Also the introduced solution can be used by block subsystem or block drivers too, for example, set the PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO flag before doing actual I/O transfer. It is not a good idea to convert all these GFP_KERNEL in the affected path into GFP_NOIO because these functions doing that may be implemented as library and will be called in many other contexts. In fact, memalloc_noio_flags() can convert some of current static GFP_NOIO allocation into GFP_KERNEL back in other non-affected contexts, at least almost all GFP_NOIO in USB subsystem can be converted into GFP_KERNEL after applying the approach and make allocation with GFP_NOIO only happen in runtime resume/bus reset/block I/O transfer contexts generally. [1], several GFP_KERNEL allocation examples in runtime resume path - pci subsystem acpi_os_allocate <-acpi_ut_allocate <-ACPI_ALLOCATE_ZEROED <-acpi_evaluate_object <-__acpi_bus_set_power <-acpi_bus_set_power <-acpi_pci_set_power_state <-platform_pci_set_power_state <-pci_platform_power_transition <-__pci_complete_power_transition <-pci_set_power_state <-pci_restore_standard_config <-pci_pm_runtime_resume - usb subsystem usb_get_status <-finish_port_resume <-usb_port_resume <-generic_resume <-usb_resume_device <-usb_resume_both <-usb_runtime_resume - some individual usb drivers usblp, uvc, gspca, most of dvb-usb-v2 media drivers, cpia2, az6007, .... That is just what I have found. Unfortunately, this allocation can only be found by human being now, and there should be many not found since any function in the resume path(call tree) may allocate memory with GFP_KERNEL. Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu> Cc: Oliver Neukum <oneukum@suse.de> Cc: Jiri Kosina <jiri.kosina@suse.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Cc: David Decotigny <david.decotigny@google.com> Cc: Tom Herbert <therbert@google.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: remove MIGRATE_ISOLATE check in hotpathMinchan Kim
Several functions test MIGRATE_ISOLATE and some of those are hotpath but MIGRATE_ISOLATE is used only if we enable CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION(ie, CMA, memory-hotplug and memory-failure) which are not common config option. So let's not add unnecessary overhead and code when we don't enable CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION. Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: set zone->present_pages to number of existing pages in the zoneJiang Liu
Now all users of "number of pages managed by the buddy system" have been converted to use zone->managed_pages, so set zone->present_pages to what it should be: present_pages = spanned_pages - absent_pages; Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Cc: Maciej Rutecki <maciej.rutecki@gmail.com> Cc: Chris Clayton <chris2553@googlemail.com> Cc: "Rafael J . Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm: use zone->present_pages instead of zone->managed_pages where appropriateJiang Liu
Now we have zone->managed_pages for "pages managed by the buddy system in the zone", so replace zone->present_pages with zone->managed_pages if what the user really wants is number of allocatable pages. Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Cc: Maciej Rutecki <maciej.rutecki@gmail.com> Cc: Chris Clayton <chris2553@googlemail.com> Cc: "Rafael J . Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23acpi, memory-hotplug: support getting hotplug info from SRATTang Chen
We now provide an option for users who don't want to specify physical memory address in kernel commandline. /* * For movablemem_map=acpi: * * SRAT: |_____| |_____| |_________| |_________| ...... * node id: 0 1 1 2 * hotpluggable: n y y n * movablemem_map: |_____| |_________| * * Using movablemem_map, we can prevent memblock from allocating memory * on ZONE_MOVABLE at boot time. */ So user just specify movablemem_map=acpi, and the kernel will use hotpluggable info in SRAT to determine which memory ranges should be set as ZONE_MOVABLE. If all the memory ranges in SRAT is hotpluggable, then no memory can be used by kernel. But before parsing SRAT, memblock has already reserve some memory ranges for other purposes, such as for kernel image, and so on. We cannot prevent kernel from using these memory. So we need to exclude these ranges even if these memory is hotpluggable. Furthermore, there could be several memory ranges in the single node which the kernel resides in. We may skip one range that have memory reserved by memblock, but if the rest of memory is too small, then the kernel will fail to boot. So, make the whole node which the kernel resides in un-hotpluggable. Then the kernel has enough memory to use. NOTE: Using this way will cause NUMA performance down because the whole node will be set as ZONE_MOVABLE, and kernel cannot use memory on it. If users don't want to lose NUMA performance, just don't use it. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix warning] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: use strcmp()] Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com> Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com> Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org> Cc: "Brown, Len" <len.brown@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23acpi, memory-hotplug: extend movablemem_map ranges to the end of nodeTang Chen
When implementing movablemem_map boot option, we introduced an array movablemem_map.map[] to store the memory ranges to be set as ZONE_MOVABLE. Since ZONE_MOVABLE is the latst zone of a node, if user didn't specify the whole node memory range, we need to extend it to the node end so that we can use it to prevent memblock from allocating memory in the ranges user didn't specify. We now implement movablemem_map boot option like this: /* * For movablemem_map=nn[KMG]@ss[KMG]: * * SRAT: |_____| |_____| |_________| |_________| ...... * node id: 0 1 1 2 * user specified: |__| |___| * movablemem_map: |___| |_________| |______| ...... * * Using movablemem_map, we can prevent memblock from allocating memory * on ZONE_MOVABLE at boot time. * * NOTE: In this case, SRAT info will be ingored. */ [akpm@linux-foundation.org: clean up code, fix build warning] Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com> Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com> Cc: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org> Cc: "Brown, Len" <len.brown@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23page_alloc: make movablemem_map have higher priorityTang Chen
If kernelcore or movablecore is specified at the same time with movablemem_map, movablemem_map will have higher priority to be satisfied. This patch will make find_zone_movable_pfns_for_nodes() calculate zone_movable_pfn[] with the limit from zone_movable_limit[]. Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com> Reviewed-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Tested-by: Lin Feng <linfeng@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23page_alloc: introduce zone_movable_limit[] to keep movable limit for nodesTang Chen
Introduce a new array zone_movable_limit[] to store the ZONE_MOVABLE limit from movablemem_map boot option for all nodes. The function sanitize_zone_movable_limit() will find out to which node the ranges in movable_map.map[] belongs, and calculates the low boundary of ZONE_MOVABLE for each node. Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Liu Jiang <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Reviewed-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com> Reviewed-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Tested-by: Lin Feng <linfeng@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23page_alloc: add movable_memmap kernel parameterTang Chen
Add functions to parse movablemem_map boot option. Since the option could be specified more then once, all the maps will be stored in the global variable movablemem_map.map array. And also, we keep the array in monotonic increasing order by start_pfn. And merge all overlapped ranges. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: improve comment] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded parens] Signed-off-by: Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com> Tested-by: Lin Feng <linfeng@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Wu Jianguo <wujianguo@huawei.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23mm/page_alloc.c:__setup_per_zone_wmarks: make min_pages unsigned longAndrew Morton
`int' is an inappropriate type for a number-of-pages counter. While we're there, use the clamp() macro. Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Satoru Moriya <satoru.moriya@hds.com> Cc: Simon Jeons <simon.jeons@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-23CMA: make putback_lru_pages() call conditionalSrinivas Pandruvada
As per documentation and other places calling putback_lru_pages(), putback_lru_pages() is called on error only. Make the CMA code behave consistently. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove a test-n-branch in the wrapup code] Signed-off-by: Srinivas Pandruvada <srinivas.pandruvada@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Cc: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com> Cc: Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <b.zolnierkie@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-19Merge branch 'sched-core-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull scheduler changes from Ingo Molnar: "Main changes: - scheduler side full-dynticks (user-space execution is undisturbed and receives no timer IRQs) preparation changes that convert the cputime accounting code to be full-dynticks ready, from Frederic Weisbecker. - Initial sched.h split-up changes, by Clark Williams - select_idle_sibling() performance improvement by Mike Galbraith: " 1 tbench pair (worst case) in a 10 core + SMT package: pre 15.22 MB/sec 1 procs post 252.01 MB/sec 1 procs " - sched_rr_get_interval() ABI fix/change. We think this detail is not used by apps (so it's not an ABI in practice), but lets keep it under observation. - misc RT scheduling cleanups, optimizations" * 'sched-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (24 commits) sched/rt: Add <linux/sched/rt.h> header to <linux/init_task.h> cputime: Remove irqsave from seqlock readers sched, powerpc: Fix sched.h split-up build failure cputime: Restore CPU_ACCOUNTING config defaults for PPC64 sched/rt: Move rt specific bits into new header file sched/rt: Add a tuning knob to allow changing SCHED_RR timeslice sched: Move sched.h sysctl bits into separate header sched: Fix signedness bug in yield_to() sched: Fix select_idle_sibling() bouncing cow syndrome sched/rt: Further simplify pick_rt_task() sched/rt: Do not account zero delta_exec in update_curr_rt() cputime: Safely read cputime of full dynticks CPUs kvm: Prepare to add generic guest entry/exit callbacks cputime: Use accessors to read task cputime stats cputime: Allow dynamic switch between tick/virtual based cputime accounting cputime: Generic on-demand virtual cputime accounting cputime: Move default nsecs_to_cputime() to jiffies based cputime file cputime: Librarize per nsecs resolution cputime definitions cputime: Avoid multiplication overflow on utime scaling context_tracking: Export context state for generic vtime ... Fix up conflict in kernel/context_tracking.c due to comment additions.
2013-02-18mm: fix pageblock bitmap allocationLinus Torvalds
Commit c060f943d092 ("mm: use aligned zone start for pfn_to_bitidx calculation") fixed out calculation of the index into the pageblock bitmap when a !SPARSEMEM zome was not aligned to pageblock_nr_pages. However, the _allocation_ of that bitmap had never taken this alignment requirement into accout, so depending on the exact size and alignment of the zone, the use of that index could then access past the allocation, resulting in some very subtle memory corruption. This was reported (and bisected) by Ingo Molnar: one of his random config builds would hang with certain very specific kernel command line options. In the meantime, commit c060f943d092 has been marked for stable, so this fix needs to be back-ported to the stable kernels that backported the commit to use the right alignment. Bisected-and-tested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: stable@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-12mm: cma: fix accounting of CMA pages placed in high memoryMarek Szyprowski
The total number of low memory pages is determined as totalram_pages - totalhigh_pages, so without this patch all CMA pageblocks placed in highmem were accounted to low memory. Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com> Acked-by: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-07sched/rt: Move rt specific bits into new header fileClark Williams
Move rt scheduler definitions out of include/linux/sched.h into new file include/linux/sched/rt.h Signed-off-by: Clark Williams <williams@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20130207094707.7b9f825f@riff.lan Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-01-21taint: add explicit flag to show whether lock dep is still OK.Rusty Russell
Fix up all callers as they were before, with make one change: an unsigned module taints the kernel, but doesn't turn off lockdep. Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2013-01-11mm: compaction: partially revert capture of suitable high-order pageMel Gorman
Eric Wong reported on 3.7 and 3.8-rc2 that ppoll() got stuck when waiting for POLLIN on a local TCP socket. It was easier to trigger if there was disk IO and dirty pages at the same time and he bisected it to commit 1fb3f8ca0e92 ("mm: compaction: capture a suitable high-order page immediately when it is made available"). The intention of that patch was to improve high-order allocations under memory pressure after changes made to reclaim in 3.6 drastically hurt THP allocations but the approach was flawed. For Eric, the problem was that page->pfmemalloc was not being cleared for captured pages leading to a poor interaction with swap-over-NFS support causing the packets to be dropped. However, I identified a few more problems with the patch including the fact that it can increase contention on zone->lock in some cases which could result in async direct compaction being aborted early. In retrospect the capture patch took the wrong approach. What it should have done is mark the pageblock being migrated as MIGRATE_ISOLATE if it was allocating for THP and avoided races that way. While the patch was showing to improve allocation success rates at the time, the benefit is marginal given the relative complexity and it should be revisited from scratch in the context of the other reclaim-related changes that have taken place since the patch was first written and tested. This patch partially reverts commit 1fb3f8ca0e92 ("mm: compaction: capture a suitable high-order page immediately when it is made available"). Reported-and-tested-by: Eric Wong <normalperson@yhbt.net> Tested-by: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-01-11mm: use aligned zone start for pfn_to_bitidx calculationLaura Abbott
The current calculation in pfn_to_bitidx assumes that (pfn - zone->zone_start_pfn) >> pageblock_order will return the same bit for all pfn in a pageblock. If zone_start_pfn is not aligned to pageblock_nr_pages, this may not always be correct. Consider the following with pageblock order = 10, zone start 2MB: pfn | pfn - zone start | (pfn - zone start) >> page block order ---------------------------------------------------------------- 0x26000 | 0x25e00 | 0x97 0x26100 | 0x25f00 | 0x97 0x26200 | 0x26000 | 0x98 0x26300 | 0x26100 | 0x98 This means that calling {get,set}_pageblock_migratetype on a single page will not set the migratetype for the full block. Fix this by rounding down zone_start_pfn when doing the bitidx calculation. For our use case, the effects of this bug were mostly tied to the fact that CMA allocations would either take a long time or fail to happen. Depending on the driver using CMA, this could result in anything from visual glitches to application failures. Signed-off-by: Laura Abbott <lauraa@codeaurora.org> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-01-04mm: fix zone_watermark_ok_safe() accounting of isolated pagesBartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz
Commit 702d1a6e0766 ("memory-hotplug: fix kswapd looping forever problem") added an isolated pageblocks counter (nr_pageblock_isolate in struct zone) and used it to adjust free pages counter in zone_watermark_ok_safe() to prevent kswapd looping forever problem. Then later, commit 2139cbe627b8 ("cma: fix counting of isolated pages") fixed accounting of isolated pages in global free pages counter. It made the previous zone_watermark_ok_safe() fix unnecessary and potentially harmful (cause now isolated pages may be accounted twice making free pages counter incorrect). This patch removes the special isolated pageblocks counter altogether which fixes zone_watermark_ok_safe() free pages check. Reported-by: Tomasz Stanislawski <t.stanislaws@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <b.zolnierkie@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Aaditya Kumar <aaditya.kumar.30@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com> Cc: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-20mm: cma: WARN if freed memory is still in useMarek Szyprowski
Memory returned to free_contig_range() must have no other references. Let kernel to complain loudly if page reference count is not equal to 1. [rientjes@google.com: support sparsemem] Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com> Reviewed-by: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com> Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-18mm: allocate kernel pages to the right memcgGlauber Costa
When a process tries to allocate a page with the __GFP_KMEMCG flag, the page allocator will call the corresponding memcg functions to validate the allocation. Tasks in the root memcg can always proceed. To avoid adding markers to the page - and a kmem flag that would necessarily follow, as much as doing page_cgroup lookups for no reason, whoever is marking its allocations with __GFP_KMEMCG flag is responsible for telling the page allocator that this is such an allocation at free_pages() time. This is done by the invocation of __free_accounted_pages() and free_accounted_pages(). Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Acked-by: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Suleiman Souhlal <suleiman@google.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@redhat.com> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Cc: JoonSoo Kim <js1304@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-18mm/page_alloc.c: remove duplicate checkGavin Shan
While allocating pages using buddy allocator, the compound page is probably split up to free pages. Under these circumstances, the compound page should be destroyed by destroy_compound_page(). However, there is a duplicate check to judge if the page is compound. Remove the duplicate check since the compound_order() returns 0 when the page doesn't have PG_head set in destroy_compound_page(). That is to say, destroy_compound_page() needn't check PageHead(). Signed-off-by: Gavin Shan <shangw@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-16Merge tag 'balancenuma-v11' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mel/linux-balancenuma Pull Automatic NUMA Balancing bare-bones from Mel Gorman: "There are three implementations for NUMA balancing, this tree (balancenuma), numacore which has been developed in tip/master and autonuma which is in aa.git. In almost all respects balancenuma is the dumbest of the three because its main impact is on the VM side with no attempt to be smart about scheduling. In the interest of getting the ball rolling, it would be desirable to see this much merged for 3.8 with the view to building scheduler smarts on top and adapting the VM where required for 3.9. The most recent set of comparisons available from different people are mel: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/12/9/108 mingo: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/12/7/331 tglx: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/12/10/437 srikar: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/12/10/397 The results are a mixed bag. In my own tests, balancenuma does reasonably well. It's dumb as rocks and does not regress against mainline. On the other hand, Ingo's tests shows that balancenuma is incapable of converging for this workloads driven by perf which is bad but is potentially explained by the lack of scheduler smarts. Thomas' results show balancenuma improves on mainline but falls far short of numacore or autonuma. Srikar's results indicate we all suffer on a large machine with imbalanced node sizes. My own testing showed that recent numacore results have improved dramatically, particularly in the last week but not universally. We've butted heads heavily on system CPU usage and high levels of migration even when it shows that overall performance is better. There are also cases where it regresses. Of interest is that for specjbb in some configurations it will regress for lower numbers of warehouses and show gains for higher numbers which is not reported by the tool by default and sometimes missed in treports. Recently I reported for numacore that the JVM was crashing with NullPointerExceptions but currently it's unclear what the source of this problem is. Initially I thought it was in how numacore batch handles PTEs but I'm no longer think this is the case. It's possible numacore is just able to trigger it due to higher rates of migration. These reports were quite late in the cycle so I/we would like to start with this tree as it contains much of the code we can agree on and has not changed significantly over the last 2-3 weeks." * tag 'balancenuma-v11' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mel/linux-balancenuma: (50 commits) mm/rmap, migration: Make rmap_walk_anon() and try_to_unmap_anon() more scalable mm/rmap: Convert the struct anon_vma::mutex to an rwsem mm: migrate: Account a transhuge page properly when rate limiting mm: numa: Account for failed allocations and isolations as migration failures mm: numa: Add THP migration for the NUMA working set scanning fault case build fix mm: numa: Add THP migration for the NUMA working set scanning fault case. mm: sched: numa: Delay PTE scanning until a task is scheduled on a new node mm: sched: numa: Control enabling and disabling of NUMA balancing if !SCHED_DEBUG mm: sched: numa: Control enabling and disabling of NUMA balancing mm: sched: Adapt the scanning rate if a NUMA hinting fault does not migrate mm: numa: Use a two-stage filter to restrict pages being migrated for unlikely task<->node relationships mm: numa: migrate: Set last_nid on newly allocated page mm: numa: split_huge_page: Transfer last_nid on tail page mm: numa: Introduce last_nid to the page frame sched: numa: Slowly increase the scanning period as NUMA faults are handled mm: numa: Rate limit setting of pte_numa if node is saturated mm: numa: Rate limit the amount of memory that is migrated between nodes mm: numa: Structures for Migrate On Fault per NUMA migration rate limiting mm: numa: Migrate pages handled during a pmd_numa hinting fault mm: numa: Migrate on reference policy ...
2012-12-13Merge branch 'akpm' (Andrew's patch-bomb)Linus Torvalds
Merge misc VM changes from Andrew Morton: "The rest of most-of-MM. The other MM bits await a slab merge. This patch includes the addition of a huge zero_page. Not a performance boost but it an save large amounts of physical memory in some situations. Also a bunch of Fujitsu engineers are working on memory hotplug. Which, as it turns out, was badly broken. About half of their patches are included here; the remainder are 3.8 material." However, this merge disables CONFIG_MOVABLE_NODE, which was totally broken. We don't add new features with "default y", nor do we add Kconfig questions that are incomprehensible to most people without any help text. Does the feature even make sense without compaction or memory hotplug? * akpm: (54 commits) mm/bootmem.c: remove unused wrapper function reserve_bootmem_generic() mm/memory.c: remove unused code from do_wp_page() asm-generic, mm: pgtable: consolidate zero page helpers mm/hugetlb.c: fix warning on freeing hwpoisoned hugepage hwpoison, hugetlbfs: fix RSS-counter warning hwpoison, hugetlbfs: fix "bad pmd" warning in unmapping hwpoisoned hugepage mm: protect against concurrent vma expansion memcg: do not check for mm in __mem_cgroup_count_vm_event tmpfs: support SEEK_DATA and SEEK_HOLE (reprise) mm: provide more accurate estimation of pages occupied by memmap fs/buffer.c: remove redundant initialization in alloc_page_buffers() fs/buffer.c: do not inline exported function writeback: fix a typo in comment mm: introduce new field "managed_pages" to struct zone mm, oom: remove statically defined arch functions of same name mm, oom: remove redundant sleep in pagefault oom handler mm, oom: cleanup pagefault oom handler memory_hotplug: allow online/offline memory to result movable node numa: add CONFIG_MOVABLE_NODE for movable-dedicated node mm, memcg: avoid unnecessary function call when memcg is disabled ...
2012-12-13Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial Pull trivial branch from Jiri Kosina: "Usual stuff -- comment/printk typo fixes, documentation updates, dead code elimination." * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial: (39 commits) HOWTO: fix double words typo x86 mtrr: fix comment typo in mtrr_bp_init propagate name change to comments in kernel source doc: Update the name of profiling based on sysfs treewide: Fix typos in various drivers treewide: Fix typos in various Kconfig wireless: mwifiex: Fix typo in wireless/mwifiex driver messages: i2o: Fix typo in messages/i2o scripts/kernel-doc: check that non-void fcts describe their return value Kernel-doc: Convention: Use a "Return" section to describe return values radeon: Fix typo and copy/paste error in comments doc: Remove unnecessary declarations from Documentation/accounting/getdelays.c various: Fix spelling of "asynchronous" in comments. Fix misspellings of "whether" in comments. eisa: Fix spelling of "asynchronous". various: Fix spelling of "registered" in comments. doc: fix quite a few typos within Documentation target: iscsi: fix comment typos in target/iscsi drivers treewide: fix typo of "suport" in various comments and Kconfig treewide: fix typo of "suppport" in various comments ...
2012-12-12mm: provide more accurate estimation of pages occupied by memmapJiang Liu
If SPARSEMEM is enabled, it won't build page structures for non-existing pages (holes) within a zone, so provide a more accurate estimation of pages occupied by memmap if there are bigger holes within the zone. And pages for highmem zones' memmap will be allocated from lowmem, so charge nr_kernel_pages for that. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: mark calc_memmap_size __paging_init] Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Maciej Rutecki <maciej.rutecki@gmail.com> Cc: Chris Clayton <chris2553@googlemail.com> Cc: "Rafael J . Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Tested-by: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-12mm: introduce new field "managed_pages" to struct zoneJiang Liu
Currently a zone's present_pages is calcuated as below, which is inaccurate and may cause trouble to memory hotplug. spanned_pages - absent_pages - memmap_pages - dma_reserve. During fixing bugs caused by inaccurate zone->present_pages, we found zone->present_pages has been abused. The field zone->present_pages may have different meanings in different contexts: 1) pages existing in a zone. 2) pages managed by the buddy system. For more discussions about the issue, please refer to: http://lkml.org/lkml/2012/11/5/866 https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/1346751/ This patchset tries to introduce a new field named "managed_pages" to struct zone, which counts "pages managed by the buddy system". And revert zone->present_pages to count "physical pages existing in a zone", which also keep in consistence with pgdat->node_present_pages. We will set an initial value for zone->managed_pages in function free_area_init_core() and will adjust it later if the initial value is inaccurate. For DMA/normal zones, the initial value is set to: (spanned_pages - absent_pages - memmap_pages - dma_reserve) Later zone->managed_pages will be adjusted to the accurate value when the bootmem allocator frees all free pages to the buddy system in function free_all_bootmem_node() and free_all_bootmem(). The bootmem allocator doesn't touch highmem pages, so highmem zones' managed_pages is set to the accurate value "spanned_pages - absent_pages" in function free_area_init_core() and won't be updated anymore. This patch also adds a new field "managed_pages" to /proc/zoneinfo and sysrq showmem. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: small comment tweaks] Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Cc: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Maciej Rutecki <maciej.rutecki@gmail.com> Tested-by: Chris Clayton <chris2553@googlemail.com> Cc: "Rafael J . Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Jianguo Wu <wujianguo@huawei.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-12numa: add CONFIG_MOVABLE_NODE for movable-dedicated nodeLai Jiangshan
We need a node which only contains movable memory. This feature is very important for node hotplug. If a node has normal/highmem, the memory may be used by the kernel and can't be offlined. If the node only contains movable memory, we can offline the memory and the node. All are prepared, we can actually introduce N_MEMORY. add CONFIG_MOVABLE_NODE make we can use it for movable-dedicated node [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix Kconfig text] Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Tested-by: Yasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-12page_alloc: use N_MEMORY instead N_HIGH_MEMORY change the node_states ↵Lai Jiangshan
initialization N_HIGH_MEMORY stands for the nodes that has normal or high memory. N_MEMORY stands for the nodes that has any memory. The code here need to handle with the nodes which have memory, we should use N_MEMORY instead. Since we introduced N_MEMORY, we update the initialization of node_states. Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Lin Feng <linfeng@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Wen Congyang <wency@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-12mm: use migrate_prep() instead of migrate_prep_local()Marek Szyprowski
__alloc_contig_migrate_range() should use all possible ways to get all the pages migrated from the given memory range, so pruning per-cpu lru lists for all CPUs is required, regadless the cost of such operation. Otherwise some pages which got stuck at per-cpu lru list might get missed by migration procedure causing the contiguous allocation to fail. Reported-by: SeongHwan Yoon <sunghwan.yun@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com> Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-11mm: cma: remove watermark hacksMarek Szyprowski
Commits 2139cbe627b8 ("cma: fix counting of isolated pages") and d95ea5d18e69 ("cma: fix watermark checking") introduced a reliable method of free page accounting when memory is being allocated from CMA regions, so the workaround introduced earlier by commit 49f223a9cd96 ("mm: trigger page reclaim in alloc_contig_range() to stabilise watermarks") can be finally removed. Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com> Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <b.zolnierkie@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-11mm: cma: skip watermarks check for already isolated blocks in split_free_page()Marek Szyprowski
Since commit 2139cbe627b8 ("cma: fix counting of isolated pages") free pages in isolated pageblocks are not accounted to NR_FREE_PAGES counters, so watermarks check is not required if one operates on a free page in isolated pageblock. Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com> Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <b.zolnierkie@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>