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2014-12-13mm/xip: share the i_mmap_rwsemDavidlohr Bueso
__xip_unmap() will remove the xip sparse page from the cache and take down pte mapping, without altering the interval tree, thus share the i_mmap_rwsem when searching for the ptes to unmap. Additionally, tidy up the function a bit and make variables only local to the interval tree walk loop. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Acked-by: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-12-13mm: use new helper functions around the i_mmap_mutexDavidlohr Bueso
Convert all open coded mutex_lock/unlock calls to the i_mmap_[lock/unlock]_write() helpers. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-11-06seqcount: Add lockdep functionality to seqcount/seqlock structuresJohn Stultz
Currently seqlocks and seqcounts don't support lockdep. After running across a seqcount related deadlock in the timekeeping code, I used a less-refined and more focused variant of this patch to narrow down the cause of the issue. This is a first-pass attempt to properly enable lockdep functionality on seqlocks and seqcounts. Since seqcounts are used in the vdso gettimeofday code, I've provided non-lockdep accessors for those needs. I've also handled one case where there were nested seqlock writers and there may be more edge cases. Comments and feedback would be appreciated! Signed-off-by: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Cc: Li Zefan <lizefan@huawei.com> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1381186321-4906-3-git-send-email-john.stultz@linaro.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-04-09lift sb_start_write() out of ->write()Al Viro
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-10-09mm: move all mmu notifier invocations to be done outside the PT lockSagi Grimberg
In order to allow sleeping during mmu notifier calls, we need to avoid invoking them under the page table spinlock. This patch solves the problem by calling invalidate_page notification after releasing the lock (but before freeing the page itself), or by wrapping the page invalidation with calls to invalidate_range_begin and invalidate_range_end. To prevent accidental changes to the invalidate_range_end arguments after the call to invalidate_range_begin, the patch introduces a convention of saving the arguments in consistently named locals: unsigned long mmun_start; /* For mmu_notifiers */ unsigned long mmun_end; /* For mmu_notifiers */ ... mmun_start = ... mmun_end = ... mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end); ... mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end); The patch changes code to use this convention for all calls to mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start/end, except those where the calls are close enough so that anyone who glances at the code can see the values aren't changing. This patchset is a preliminary step towards on-demand paging design to be added to the RDMA stack. Why do we want on-demand paging for Infiniband? Applications register memory with an RDMA adapter using system calls, and subsequently post IO operations that refer to the corresponding virtual addresses directly to HW. Until now, this was achieved by pinning the memory during the registration calls. The goal of on demand paging is to avoid pinning the pages of registered memory regions (MRs). This will allow users the same flexibility they get when swapping any other part of their processes address spaces. Instead of requiring the entire MR to fit in physical memory, we can allow the MR to be larger, and only fit the current working set in physical memory. Why should anyone care? What problems are users currently experiencing? This can make programming with RDMA much simpler. Today, developers that are working with more data than their RAM can hold need either to deregister and reregister memory regions throughout their process's life, or keep a single memory region and copy the data to it. On demand paging will allow these developers to register a single MR at the beginning of their process's life, and let the operating system manage which pages needs to be fetched at a given time. In the future, we might be able to provide a single memory access key for each process that would provide the entire process's address as one large memory region, and the developers wouldn't need to register memory regions at all. Is there any prospect that any other subsystems will utilise these infrastructural changes? If so, which and how, etc? As for other subsystems, I understand that XPMEM wanted to sleep in MMU notifiers, as Christoph Lameter wrote at http://lkml.indiana.edu/hypermail/linux/kernel/0802.1/0460.html and perhaps Andrea knows about other use cases. Scheduling in mmu notifications is required since we need to sync the hardware with the secondary page tables change. A TLB flush of an IO device is inherently slower than a CPU TLB flush, so our design works by sending the invalidation request to the device, and waiting for an interrupt before exiting the mmu notifier handler. Avi said: kvm may be a buyer. kvm::mmu_lock, which serializes guest page faults, also protects long operations such as destroying large ranges. It would be good to convert it into a spinlock, but as it is used inside mmu notifiers, this cannot be done. (there are alternatives, such as keeping the spinlock and using a generation counter to do the teardown in O(1), which is what the "may" is doing up there). [akpm@linux-foundation.orgpossible speed tweak in hugetlb_cow(), cleanups] Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@qumranet.com> Signed-off-by: Sagi Grimberg <sagig@mellanox.com> Signed-off-by: Haggai Eran <haggaie@mellanox.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Or Gerlitz <ogerlitz@mellanox.com> Cc: Haggai Eran <haggaie@mellanox.com> Cc: Shachar Raindel <raindel@mellanox.com> Cc: Liran Liss <liranl@mellanox.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09mm: replace vma prio_tree with an interval treeMichel Lespinasse
Implement an interval tree as a replacement for the VMA prio_tree. The algorithms are similar to lib/interval_tree.c; however that code can't be directly reused as the interval endpoints are not explicitly stored in the VMA. So instead, the common algorithm is moved into a template and the details (node type, how to get interval endpoints from the node, etc) are filled in using the C preprocessor. Once the interval tree functions are available, using them as a replacement to the VMA prio tree is a relatively simple, mechanical job. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-09mm: kill vma flag VM_CAN_NONLINEARKonstantin Khlebnikov
Move actual pte filling for non-linear file mappings into the new special vma operation: ->remap_pages(). Filesystems must implement this method to get non-linear mapping support, if it uses filemap_fault() then generic_file_remap_pages() can be used. Now device drivers can implement this method and obtain nonlinear vma support. Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com> #arch/tile Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com> Cc: Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com> Cc: Kentaro Takeda <takedakn@nttdata.co.jp> Cc: Matt Helsley <matthltc@us.ibm.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Robert Richter <robert.richter@amd.com> Cc: Suresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com> Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp> Cc: Venkatesh Pallipadi <venki@google.com> Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-07-31fs: Protect write paths by sb_start_write - sb_end_writeJan Kara
There are several entry points which dirty pages in a filesystem. mmap (handled by block_page_mkwrite()), buffered write (handled by __generic_file_aio_write()), splice write (generic_file_splice_write), truncate, and fallocate (these can dirty last partial page - handled inside each filesystem separately). Protect these places with sb_start_write() and sb_end_write(). ->page_mkwrite() calls are particularly complex since they are called with mmap_sem held and thus we cannot use standard sb_start_write() due to lock ordering constraints. We solve the problem by using a special freeze protection sb_start_pagefault() which ranks below mmap_sem. BugLink: https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/897421 Tested-by: Kamal Mostafa <kamal@canonical.com> Tested-by: Peter M. Petrakis <peter.petrakis@canonical.com> Tested-by: Dann Frazier <dann.frazier@canonical.com> Tested-by: Massimo Morana <massimo.morana@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-07-31mm: Make default vm_ops provide ->page_mkwrite handlerJan Kara
Make default vm_ops provide ->page_mkwrite handler. Currently it only updates file's modification times and gets locked page but later it will also handle filesystem freezing. BugLink: https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/897421 Tested-by: Kamal Mostafa <kamal@canonical.com> Tested-by: Peter M. Petrakis <peter.petrakis@canonical.com> Tested-by: Dann Frazier <dann.frazier@canonical.com> Tested-by: Massimo Morana <massimo.morana@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-06-01fs: introduce inode operation ->update_timeJosef Bacik
Btrfs has to make sure we have space to allocate new blocks in order to modify the inode, so updating time can fail. We've gotten around this by having our own file_update_time but this is kind of a pain, and Christoph has indicated he would like to make xfs do something different with atime updates. So introduce ->update_time, where we will deal with i_version an a/m/c time updates and indicate which changes need to be made. The normal version just does what it has always done, updates the time and marks the inode dirty, and then filesystems can choose to do something different. I've gone through all of the users of file_update_time and made them check for errors with the exception of the fault code since it's complicated and I wasn't quite sure what to do there, also Jan is going to be pushing the file time updates into page_mkwrite for those who have it so that should satisfy btrfs and make it not a big deal to check the file_update_time() return code in the generic fault path. Thanks, Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <josef@redhat.com>
2012-02-03mm/filemap_xip.c: fix race condition in xip_file_fault()Carsten Otte
Fix a race condition that shows in conjunction with xip_file_fault() when two threads of the same user process fault on the same memory page. In this case, the race winner will install the page table entry and the unlucky loser will cause an oops: xip_file_fault calls vm_insert_pfn (via vm_insert_mixed) which drops out at this check: retval = -EBUSY; if (!pte_none(*pte)) goto out_unlock; The resulting -EBUSY return value will trigger a BUG_ON() in xip_file_fault. This fix simply considers the fault as fixed in this case, because the race winner has successfully installed the pte. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: use conventional (and consistent) comment layout] Reported-by: David Sadler <dsadler@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Reported-by: Louis Alex Eisner <leisner@cs.ucsd.edu> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-10-31mm: Map most files to use export.h instead of module.hPaul Gortmaker
The files changed within are only using the EXPORT_SYMBOL macro variants. They are not using core modular infrastructure and hence don't need module.h but only the export.h header. Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
2011-05-25mm: Convert i_mmap_lock to a mutexPeter Zijlstra
Straightforward conversion of i_mmap_lock to a mutex. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking ↵Tejun Heo
implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2010-03-06mm: clean up mm_counterKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
Presently, per-mm statistics counter is defined by macro in sched.h This patch modifies it to - defined in mm.h as inlinf functions - use array instead of macro's name creation. This patch is for reducing patch size in future patch to modify implementation of per-mm counter. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-09-27const: mark struct vm_struct_operationsAlexey Dobriyan
* mark struct vm_area_struct::vm_ops as const * mark vm_ops in AGP code But leave TTM code alone, something is fishy there with global vm_ops being used. Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-04-02mm: do_xip_mapping_read: fix length calculationMartin Schwidefsky
The calculation of the value nr in do_xip_mapping_read is incorrect. If the copy required more than one iteration in the do while loop the copies variable will be non-zero. The maximum length that may be passed to the call to copy_to_user(buf+copied, xip_mem+offset, nr) is len-copied but the check only compares against (nr > len). This bug is the cause for the heap corruption Carsten has been chasing for so long: *** glibc detected *** /bin/bash: free(): invalid next size (normal): 0x00000000800e39f0 *** ======= Backtrace: ========= /lib64/libc.so.6[0x200000b9b44] /lib64/libc.so.6(cfree+0x8e)[0x200000bdade] /bin/bash(free_buffered_stream+0x32)[0x80050e4e] /bin/bash(close_buffered_stream+0x1c)[0x80050ea4] /bin/bash(unset_bash_input+0x2a)[0x8001c366] /bin/bash(make_child+0x1d4)[0x8004115c] /bin/bash[0x8002fc3c] /bin/bash(execute_command_internal+0x656)[0x8003048e] /bin/bash(execute_command+0x5e)[0x80031e1e] /bin/bash(execute_command_internal+0x79a)[0x800305d2] /bin/bash(execute_command+0x5e)[0x80031e1e] /bin/bash(reader_loop+0x270)[0x8001efe0] /bin/bash(main+0x1328)[0x8001e960] /lib64/libc.so.6(__libc_start_main+0x100)[0x200000592a8] /bin/bash(clearerr+0x5e)[0x8001c092] With this bug fix the commit 0e4a9b59282914fe057ab17027f55123964bc2e2 "ext2/xip: refuse to change xip flag during remount with busy inodes" can be removed again. Cc: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-01-06badpage: remove vma from page_remove_rmapHugh Dickins
Remove page_remove_rmap()'s vma arg, which was only for the Eeek message. And remove the BUG_ON(page_mapcount(page) == 0) from CONFIG_DEBUG_VM's page_dup_rmap(): we're trying to be more resilient about that than BUGs. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-08-20mm: xip/ext2 fix block allocation raceNick Piggin
XIP can call into get_xip_mem concurrently with the same file,offset with create=1. This usually maps down to get_block, which expects the page lock to prevent such a situation. This causes ext2 to explode for one reason or another. Serialise those calls for the moment. For common usages today, I suspect get_xip_mem rarely is called to create new blocks. In future as XIP technologies evolve we might need to look at which operations require scalability, and rework the locking to suit. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com> Acked-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@freenet.de> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-08-20mm: xip fix fault vs sparse page invalidate raceNick Piggin
XIP has a race between sparse pages being inserted into page tables, and sparse pages being zapped when its time to put a non-sparse page in. What can happen is that a process can be left with a dangling sparse page in a MAP_SHARED mapping, while the rest of the world sees the non-sparse version. Ie. data corruption. Guard these operations with a seqlock, making fault-in-sparse-pages the slowpath, and try-to-unmap-sparse-pages the fastpath. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com> Acked-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@freenet.de> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-08-20mm: dirty page tracking race fixNick Piggin
There is a race with dirty page accounting where a page may not properly be accounted for. clear_page_dirty_for_io() calls page_mkclean; then TestClearPageDirty. page_mkclean walks the rmaps for that page, and for each one it cleans and write protects the pte if it was dirty. It uses page_check_address to find the pte. That function has a shortcut to avoid the ptl if the pte is not present. Unfortunately, the pte can be switched to not-present then back to present by other code while holding the page table lock -- this should not be a signal for page_mkclean to ignore that pte, because it may be dirty. For example, powerpc64's set_pte_at will clear a previously present pte before setting it to the desired value. There may also be other code in core mm or in arch which do similar things. The consequence of the bug is loss of data integrity due to msync, and loss of dirty page accounting accuracy. XIP's __xip_unmap could easily also be unreliable (depending on the exact XIP locking scheme), which can lead to data corruption. Fix this by having an option to always take ptl to check the pte in page_check_address. It's possible to retain this optimization for page_referenced and try_to_unmap. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com> Cc: Carsten Otte <cotte@freenet.de> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-07-28mmu-notifiers: coreAndrea Arcangeli
With KVM/GFP/XPMEM there isn't just the primary CPU MMU pointing to pages. There are secondary MMUs (with secondary sptes and secondary tlbs) too. sptes in the kvm case are shadow pagetables, but when I say spte in mmu-notifier context, I mean "secondary pte". In GRU case there's no actual secondary pte and there's only a secondary tlb because the GRU secondary MMU has no knowledge about sptes and every secondary tlb miss event in the MMU always generates a page fault that has to be resolved by the CPU (this is not the case of KVM where the a secondary tlb miss will walk sptes in hardware and it will refill the secondary tlb transparently to software if the corresponding spte is present). The same way zap_page_range has to invalidate the pte before freeing the page, the spte (and secondary tlb) must also be invalidated before any page is freed and reused. Currently we take a page_count pin on every page mapped by sptes, but that means the pages can't be swapped whenever they're mapped by any spte because they're part of the guest working set. Furthermore a spte unmap event can immediately lead to a page to be freed when the pin is released (so requiring the same complex and relatively slow tlb_gather smp safe logic we have in zap_page_range and that can be avoided completely if the spte unmap event doesn't require an unpin of the page previously mapped in the secondary MMU). The mmu notifiers allow kvm/GRU/XPMEM to attach to the tsk->mm and know when the VM is swapping or freeing or doing anything on the primary MMU so that the secondary MMU code can drop sptes before the pages are freed, avoiding all page pinning and allowing 100% reliable swapping of guest physical address space. Furthermore it avoids the code that teardown the mappings of the secondary MMU, to implement a logic like tlb_gather in zap_page_range that would require many IPI to flush other cpu tlbs, for each fixed number of spte unmapped. To make an example: if what happens on the primary MMU is a protection downgrade (from writeable to wrprotect) the secondary MMU mappings will be invalidated, and the next secondary-mmu-page-fault will call get_user_pages and trigger a do_wp_page through get_user_pages if it called get_user_pages with write=1, and it'll re-establishing an updated spte or secondary-tlb-mapping on the copied page. Or it will setup a readonly spte or readonly tlb mapping if it's a guest-read, if it calls get_user_pages with write=0. This is just an example. This allows to map any page pointed by any pte (and in turn visible in the primary CPU MMU), into a secondary MMU (be it a pure tlb like GRU, or an full MMU with both sptes and secondary-tlb like the shadow-pagetable layer with kvm), or a remote DMA in software like XPMEM (hence needing of schedule in XPMEM code to send the invalidate to the remote node, while no need to schedule in kvm/gru as it's an immediate event like invalidating primary-mmu pte). At least for KVM without this patch it's impossible to swap guests reliably. And having this feature and removing the page pin allows several other optimizations that simplify life considerably. Dependencies: 1) mm_take_all_locks() to register the mmu notifier when the whole VM isn't doing anything with "mm". This allows mmu notifier users to keep track if the VM is in the middle of the invalidate_range_begin/end critical section with an atomic counter incraese in range_begin and decreased in range_end. No secondary MMU page fault is allowed to map any spte or secondary tlb reference, while the VM is in the middle of range_begin/end as any page returned by get_user_pages in that critical section could later immediately be freed without any further ->invalidate_page notification (invalidate_range_begin/end works on ranges and ->invalidate_page isn't called immediately before freeing the page). To stop all page freeing and pagetable overwrites the mmap_sem must be taken in write mode and all other anon_vma/i_mmap locks must be taken too. 2) It'd be a waste to add branches in the VM if nobody could possibly run KVM/GRU/XPMEM on the kernel, so mmu notifiers will only enabled if CONFIG_KVM=m/y. In the current kernel kvm won't yet take advantage of mmu notifiers, but this already allows to compile a KVM external module against a kernel with mmu notifiers enabled and from the next pull from kvm.git we'll start using them. And GRU/XPMEM will also be able to continue the development by enabling KVM=m in their config, until they submit all GRU/XPMEM GPLv2 code to the mainline kernel. Then they can also enable MMU_NOTIFIERS in the same way KVM does it (even if KVM=n). This guarantees nobody selects MMU_NOTIFIER=y if KVM and GRU and XPMEM are all =n. The mmu_notifier_register call can fail because mm_take_all_locks may be interrupted by a signal and return -EINTR. Because mmu_notifier_reigster is used when a driver startup, a failure can be gracefully handled. Here an example of the change applied to kvm to register the mmu notifiers. Usually when a driver startups other allocations are required anyway and -ENOMEM failure paths exists already. struct kvm *kvm_arch_create_vm(void) { struct kvm *kvm = kzalloc(sizeof(struct kvm), GFP_KERNEL); + int err; if (!kvm) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kvm->arch.active_mmu_pages); + kvm->arch.mmu_notifier.ops = &kvm_mmu_notifier_ops; + err = mmu_notifier_register(&kvm->arch.mmu_notifier, current->mm); + if (err) { + kfree(kvm); + return ERR_PTR(err); + } + return kvm; } mmu_notifier_unregister returns void and it's reliable. The patch also adds a few needed but missing includes that would prevent kernel to compile after these changes on non-x86 archs (x86 didn't need them by luck). [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix mm/filemap_xip.c build] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix mm/mmu_notifier.c build] Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@qumranet.com> Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Jack Steiner <steiner@sgi.com> Cc: Robin Holt <holt@sgi.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Kanoj Sarcar <kanojsarcar@yahoo.com> Cc: Roland Dreier <rdreier@cisco.com> Cc: Steve Wise <swise@opengridcomputing.com> Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Anthony Liguori <aliguori@us.ibm.com> Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <marcelo@kvack.org> Cc: Eric Dumazet <dada1@cosmosbay.com> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@us.ibm.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izike@qumranet.com> Cc: Anthony Liguori <aliguori@us.ibm.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-07-26[patch 3/5] vfs: change remove_suid() to file_remove_suid()Miklos Szeredi
All calls to remove_suid() are made with a file pointer, because (similarly to file_update_time) it is called when the file is written. Clean up callers by passing in a file instead of a dentry. Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz>
2008-04-28xip: support non-struct page backed memoryNick Piggin
Convert XIP to support non-struct page backed memory, using VM_MIXEDMAP for the user mappings. This requires the get_xip_page API to be changed to an address based one. Improve the API layering a little bit too, while we're here. This is required in order to support XIP filesystems on memory that isn't backed with struct page (but memory with struct page is still supported too). Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Acked-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-08Use pgoff_t instead of unsigned longJan Kara
Convert variables containing page indexes to pgoff_t. Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-05Pagecache zeroing: zero_user_segment, zero_user_segments and zero_userChristoph Lameter
Simplify page cache zeroing of segments of pages through 3 functions zero_user_segments(page, start1, end1, start2, end2) Zeros two segments of the page. It takes the position where to start and end the zeroing which avoids length calculations and makes code clearer. zero_user_segment(page, start, end) Same for a single segment. zero_user(page, start, length) Length variant for the case where we know the length. We remove the zero_user_page macro. Issues: 1. Its a macro. Inline functions are preferable. 2. The KM_USER0 macro is only defined for HIGHMEM. Having to treat this special case everywhere makes the code needlessly complex. The parameter for zeroing is always KM_USER0 except in one single case that we open code. Avoiding KM_USER0 makes a lot of code not having to be dealing with the special casing for HIGHMEM anymore. Dealing with kmap is only necessary for HIGHMEM configurations. In those configurations we use KM_USER0 like we do for a series of other functions defined in highmem.h. Since KM_USER0 is depends on HIGHMEM the existing zero_user_page function could not be a macro. zero_user_* functions introduced here can be be inline because that constant is not used when these functions are called. Also extract the flushing of the caches to be outside of the kmap. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix nfs and ntfs build] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix ntfs build some more] Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Steven French <sfrench@us.ibm.com> Cc: Michael Halcrow <mhalcrow@us.ibm.com> Cc: <linux-ext4@vger.kernel.org> Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no> Cc: "J. Bruce Fields" <bfields@fieldses.org> Cc: Anton Altaparmakov <aia21@cantab.net> Cc: Mark Fasheh <mark.fasheh@oracle.com> Cc: David Chinner <dgc@sgi.com> Cc: Michael Halcrow <mhalcrow@us.ibm.com> Cc: Steven French <sfrench@us.ibm.com> Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-01-08xip: fix get_zeroed_page with __GFP_HIGHMEMAkinobu Mita
The use of get_zeroed_page() with __GFP_HIGHMEM is invalid. Use alloc_page() with __GFP_ZERO instead of invalid get_zeroed_page(). (This patch is only compile tested) Cc: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Acked-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-12-05mm: fix XIP file writesNick Piggin
Writing to XIP files at a non-page-aligned offset results in data corruption because the writes were always sent to the start of the page. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com> Acked-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-16mm: write iovec cleanupNick Piggin
Hide some of the open-coded nr_segs tests into the iovec helpers. This is all to simplify generic_file_buffered_write, because that gets more complex in the next patch. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19mm: fault feedback #2Nick Piggin
This patch completes Linus's wish that the fault return codes be made into bit flags, which I agree makes everything nicer. This requires requires all handle_mm_fault callers to be modified (possibly the modifications should go further and do things like fault accounting in handle_mm_fault -- however that would be for another patch). [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix alpha build] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix s390 build] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix sparc build] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix sparc64 build] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix ia64 build] Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net> Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru> Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Ian Molton <spyro@f2s.com> Cc: Bryan Wu <bryan.wu@analog.com> Cc: Mikael Starvik <starvik@axis.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Roman Zippel <zippel@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@uclinux.org> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@debian.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: Kazumoto Kojima <kkojima@rr.iij4u.or.jp> Cc: Richard Curnow <rc@rc0.org.uk> Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Paolo 'Blaisorblade' Giarrusso <blaisorblade@yahoo.it> Cc: Miles Bader <uclinux-v850@lsi.nec.co.jp> Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net> Acked-by: Kyle McMartin <kyle@mcmartin.ca> Acked-by: Haavard Skinnemoen <hskinnemoen@atmel.com> Acked-by: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Acked-by: Andi Kleen <ak@muc.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> [ Still apparently needs some ARM and PPC loving - Linus ] Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19mm: fault feedback #1Nick Piggin
Change ->fault prototype. We now return an int, which contains VM_FAULT_xxx code in the low byte, and FAULT_RET_xxx code in the next byte. FAULT_RET_ code tells the VM whether a page was found, whether it has been locked, and potentially other things. This is not quite the way he wanted it yet, but that's changed in the next patch (which requires changes to arch code). This means we no longer set VM_CAN_INVALIDATE in the vma in order to say that a page is locked which requires filemap_nopage to go away (because we can no longer remain backward compatible without that flag), but we were going to do that anyway. struct fault_data is renamed to struct vm_fault as Linus asked. address is now a void __user * that we should firmly encourage drivers not to use without really good reason. The page is now returned via a page pointer in the vm_fault struct. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19mm: merge populate and nopage into fault (fixes nonlinear)Nick Piggin
Nonlinear mappings are (AFAIKS) simply a virtual memory concept that encodes the virtual address -> file offset differently from linear mappings. ->populate is a layering violation because the filesystem/pagecache code should need to know anything about the virtual memory mapping. The hitch here is that the ->nopage handler didn't pass down enough information (ie. pgoff). But it is more logical to pass pgoff rather than have the ->nopage function calculate it itself anyway (because that's a similar layering violation). Having the populate handler install the pte itself is likewise a nasty thing to be doing. This patch introduces a new fault handler that replaces ->nopage and ->populate and (later) ->nopfn. Most of the old mechanism is still in place so there is a lot of duplication and nice cleanups that can be removed if everyone switches over. The rationale for doing this in the first place is that nonlinear mappings are subject to the pagefault vs invalidate/truncate race too, and it seemed stupid to duplicate the synchronisation logic rather than just consolidate the two. After this patch, MAP_NONBLOCK no longer sets up ptes for pages present in pagecache. Seems like a fringe functionality anyway. NOPAGE_REFAULT is removed. This should be implemented with ->fault, and no users have hit mainline yet. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanup] [randy.dunlap@oracle.com: doc. fixes for readahead] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fix] Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Cc: Mark Fasheh <mark.fasheh@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-10xip sendfile removalCarsten Otte
This patch removes xip_file_sendfile, the sendfile implementation for xip without replacement. Those customers that use xip on s390 are not using sendfile() as far as we know, and so far s390 is the only platform this could potentially be used on so far. Having sendfile is not a popular feature for execute in place file systems, however we have a working implementation of splice_read() based on fs/splice.c if anyone asks for it. At this point in time, it does not seem preferable to merge splice_read() for xip because it causes extra maintenence effort due to code duplication and it requires struct page behind the xip memory segment. We'd like to get rid of that in favor of supporting flash based embedded platforms (Monta Vista work) soon. Signed-off-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
2007-05-21Detach sched.h from mm.hAlexey Dobriyan
First thing mm.h does is including sched.h solely for can_do_mlock() inline function which has "current" dereference inside. By dealing with can_do_mlock() mm.h can be detached from sched.h which is good. See below, why. This patch a) removes unconditional inclusion of sched.h from mm.h b) makes can_do_mlock() normal function in mm/mlock.c c) exports can_do_mlock() to not break compilation d) adds sched.h inclusions back to files that were getting it indirectly. e) adds less bloated headers to some files (asm/signal.h, jiffies.h) that were getting them indirectly Net result is: a) mm.h users would get less code to open, read, preprocess, parse, ... if they don't need sched.h b) sched.h stops being dependency for significant number of files: on x86_64 allmodconfig touching sched.h results in recompile of 4083 files, after patch it's only 3744 (-8.3%). Cross-compile tested on all arm defconfigs, all mips defconfigs, all powerpc defconfigs, alpha alpha-up arm i386 i386-up i386-defconfig i386-allnoconfig ia64 ia64-up m68k mips parisc parisc-up powerpc powerpc-up s390 s390-up sparc sparc-up sparc64 sparc64-up um-x86_64 x86_64 x86_64-up x86_64-defconfig x86_64-allnoconfig as well as my two usual configs. Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-05-09fs: convert core functions to zero_user_pageNate Diller
It's very common for file systems to need to zero part or all of a page, the simplist way is just to use kmap_atomic() and memset(). There's actually a library function in include/linux/highmem.h that does exactly that, but it's confusingly named memclear_highpage_flush(), which is descriptive of *how* it does the work rather than what the *purpose* is. So this patchset renames the function to zero_user_page(), and calls it from the various places that currently open code it. This first patch introduces the new function call, and converts all the core kernel callsites, both the open-coded ones and the old memclear_highpage_flush() ones. Following this patch is a series of conversions for each file system individually, per AKPM, and finally a patch deprecating the old call. The diffstat below shows the entire patchset. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix a few things] Signed-off-by: Nate Diller <nate.diller@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-03-29[PATCH] mm: fix xip issue with /dev/zeroCarsten Otte
Fix the bug, that reading into xip mapping from /dev/zero fills the user page table with ZERO_PAGE() entries. Later on, xip cannot tell which pages have been ZERO_PAGE() filled by access to a sparse mapping, and which ones origin from /dev/zero. It will unmap ZERO_PAGE from all mappings when filling the sparse hole with data. xip does now use its own zeroed page for its sparse mappings. Please apply. Signed-off-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-01-30[PATCH] mm: mremap correct rmap accountingHugh Dickins
Nick Piggin points out that page accounting on MIPS multiple ZERO_PAGEs is not maintained by its move_pte, and could lead to freeing a ZERO_PAGE. Instead of complicating that move_pte, just forget the minor optimization when mremapping, and change the one thing which needed it for correctness - filemap_xip use ZERO_PAGE(0) throughout instead of according to address. [ "There is no block device driver one could use for XIP on mips platforms" - Carsten Otte ] Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2006-12-22[PATCH] mm: more rmap debuggingNick Piggin
Add more debugging in the rmap code in an attempt to locate to source of the occasional "mapcount went negative" assertions. Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-12-08[PATCH] mm: change uses of f_{dentry,vfsmnt} to use f_pathJosef "Jeff" Sipek
Change all the uses of f_{dentry,vfsmnt} to f_path.{dentry,mnt} in linux/mm/. Signed-off-by: Josef "Jeff" Sipek <jsipek@cs.sunysb.edu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-06-28[PATCH] mark address_space_operations constChristoph Hellwig
Same as with already do with the file operations: keep them in .rodata and prevents people from doing runtime patching. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Steven French <sfrench@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-01-10[PATCH] replace inode_update_time with file_update_timeChristoph Hellwig
To allow various options to work per-mount instead of per-sb we need a struct vfsmount when updating ctime and mtime. This preparation patch replaces the inode_update_time routine with a file_update_atime routine so we can easily get at the vfsmount. (and the file makes more sense in this context anyway). Also get rid of the unused second argument - we always want to update the ctime when calling this routine. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Al Viro <viro@ftp.linux.org.uk> Cc: Anton Altaparmakov <aia21@cantab.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-01-09[PATCH] mutex subsystem, semaphore to mutex: VFS, ->i_semJes Sorensen
This patch converts the inode semaphore to a mutex. I have tested it on XFS and compiled as much as one can consider on an ia64. Anyway your luck with it might be different. Modified-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> (finished the conversion) Signed-off-by: Jes Sorensen <jes@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2005-10-29[PATCH] mm: rmap with inner ptlockHugh Dickins
rmap's page_check_address descend without page_table_lock. First just pte_offset_map in case there's no pte present worth locking for, then take page_table_lock for the full check, and pass ptl back to caller in the same style as pte_offset_map_lock. __xip_unmap, page_referenced_one and try_to_unmap_one use pte_unmap_unlock. try_to_unmap_cluster also. page_check_address reformatted to avoid progressive indentation. No use is made of its one error code, return NULL when it fails. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-10-29[PATCH] mm: xip_unmap ZERO_PAGE fixHugh Dickins
Small fix to the PageReserved patch: the mips ZERO_PAGE(address) depends on address, so __xip_unmap is wrong to initialize page with that before address is initialized; and in fact must re-evaluate it each iteration. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-10-29[PATCH] core remove PageReservedNick Piggin
Remove PageReserved() calls from core code by tightening VM_RESERVED handling in mm/ to cover PageReserved functionality. PageReserved special casing is removed from get_page and put_page. All setting and clearing of PageReserved is retained, and it is now flagged in the page_alloc checks to help ensure we don't introduce any refcount based freeing of Reserved pages. MAP_PRIVATE, PROT_WRITE of VM_RESERVED regions is tentatively being deprecated. We never completely handled it correctly anyway, and is be reintroduced in future if required (Hugh has a proof of concept). Once PageReserved() calls are removed from kernel/power/swsusp.c, and all arch/ and driver code, the Set and Clear calls, and the PG_reserved bit can be trivially removed. Last real user of PageReserved is swsusp, which uses PageReserved to determine whether a struct page points to valid memory or not. This still needs to be addressed (a generic page_is_ram() should work). A last caveat: the ZERO_PAGE is now refcounted and managed with rmap (and thus mapcounted and count towards shared rss). These writes to the struct page could cause excessive cacheline bouncing on big systems. There are a number of ways this could be addressed if it is an issue. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Refcount bug fix for filemap_xip.c Signed-off-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-07-15[PATCH] execute-in-place fixesCarsten Otte
This patch includes feedback from Andrew and Christoph. Thanks for taking time to review. Use of empty_zero_page was eliminated to fix compilation for architectures that don't have it. This patch removes setting pages up-to-date in ext2_get_xip_page and all bug checks to verify that the page is indeed up to date. Setting the page state on mapping to userland is bogus. None of the code patchs involved with these pages in mm cares about the page state. still on my ToDo list: identify a place outside second extended where __inode_direct_access should reside Signed-off-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-07-12[PATCH] mm/filemap_xip.c compilation fixGeert Uytterhoeven
mm/filemap_xip.c: In function `__xip_unmap': mm/filemap_xip.c:194: request for member `pte' in something not a structure or union Apparently pte_pfn() takes a pte_t, not a pointer to a pte_t. From looking at asm/page.h, it seems to be the same on ia32 or ppc (iff STRICT_MM_TYPECHECKS is enabled, which is disabled by default on ppc). Acked-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-06-24[PATCH] xip: reduce code duplicationCarsten Otte
This patch reworks filemap_xip.c with the goal to reduce code duplication from mm/filemap.c. It applies agains 2.6.12-rc6-mm1. Instead of implementing the aio functions, this one implements the synchronous read/write functions only. For readv and writev, the generic fallback is used. For aio, we rely on the application doing the fallback. Since our "synchronous" function does memcpy immediately anyway, there is no performance difference between using the fallbacks or implementing each operation. Signed-off-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-06-24[PATCH] xip: fs/mm: execute in placeCarsten Otte
- generic_file* file operations do no longer have a xip/non-xip split - filemap_xip.c implements a new set of fops that require get_xip_page aop to work proper. all new fops are exported GPL-only (don't like to see whatever code use those except GPL modules) - __xip_unmap now uses page_check_address, which is no longer static in rmap.c, and defined in linux/rmap.h - mm/filemap.h is now much more clean, plainly having just Linus' inline funcs moved here from filemap.c - fix includes in filemap_xip to make it build cleanly on i386 Signed-off-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>