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2013-04-29mm: make snapshotting pages for stable writes a per-bio operationDarrick J. Wong
Walking a bio's page mappings has proved problematic, so create a new bio flag to indicate that a bio's data needs to be snapshotted in order to guarantee stable pages during writeback. Next, for the one user (ext3/jbd) of snapshotting, hook all the places where writes can be initiated without PG_writeback set, and set BIO_SNAP_STABLE there. We must also flag journal "metadata" bios for stable writeout, since file data can be written through the journal. Finally, the MS_SNAP_STABLE mount flag (only used by ext3) is now superfluous, so get rid of it. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: rename _submit_bh()'s `flags' to `bio_flags', delobotomize the _submit_bh declaration] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: teeny cleanup] Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com> Cc: Artem Bityutskiy <dedekind1@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-21block: optionally snapshot page contents to provide stable pages during writeDarrick J. Wong
This provides a band-aid to provide stable page writes on jbd without needing to backport the fixed locking and page writeback bit handling schemes of jbd2. The band-aid works by using bounce buffers to snapshot page contents instead of waiting. For those wondering about the ext3 bandage -- fixing the jbd locking (which was done as part of ext4dev years ago) is a lot of surgery, and setting PG_writeback on data pages when we actually hold the page lock dropped ext3 performance by nearly an order of magnitude. If we're going to migrate iscsi and raid to use stable page writes, the complaints about high latency will likely return. We might as well centralize their page snapshotting thing to one place. Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com> Tested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com> Cc: Artem Bityutskiy <dedekind1@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Joel Becker <jlbec@evilplan.org> Cc: Mark Fasheh <mfasheh@suse.com> Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com> Cc: Ron Minnich <rminnich@sandia.gov> Cc: Latchesar Ionkov <lucho@ionkov.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-07-18bounce: allow use of bounce pool via config optionChris Metcalf
The tilegx USB OHCI support needs the bounce pool since we're not using the IOMMU to handle 32-bit addresses. Signed-off-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
2012-03-20mm: remove the second argument of k[un]map_atomic()Cong Wang
Signed-off-by: Cong Wang <amwang@redhat.com>
2011-11-06Merge branch 'modsplit-Oct31_2011' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/paulg/linux * 'modsplit-Oct31_2011' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/paulg/linux: (230 commits) Revert "tracing: Include module.h in define_trace.h" irq: don't put module.h into irq.h for tracking irqgen modules. bluetooth: macroize two small inlines to avoid module.h ip_vs.h: fix implicit use of module_get/module_put from module.h nf_conntrack.h: fix up fallout from implicit moduleparam.h presence include: replace linux/module.h with "struct module" wherever possible include: convert various register fcns to macros to avoid include chaining crypto.h: remove unused crypto_tfm_alg_modname() inline uwb.h: fix implicit use of asm/page.h for PAGE_SIZE pm_runtime.h: explicitly requires notifier.h linux/dmaengine.h: fix implicit use of bitmap.h and asm/page.h miscdevice.h: fix up implicit use of lists and types stop_machine.h: fix implicit use of smp.h for smp_processor_id of: fix implicit use of errno.h in include/linux/of.h of_platform.h: delete needless include <linux/module.h> acpi: remove module.h include from platform/aclinux.h miscdevice.h: delete unnecessary inclusion of module.h device_cgroup.h: delete needless include <linux/module.h> net: sch_generic remove redundant use of <linux/module.h> net: inet_timewait_sock doesnt need <linux/module.h> ... Fix up trivial conflicts (other header files, and removal of the ab3550 mfd driver) in - drivers/media/dvb/frontends/dibx000_common.c - drivers/media/video/{mt9m111.c,ov6650.c} - drivers/mfd/ab3550-core.c - include/linux/dmaengine.h
2011-10-31mm: Map most files to use export.h instead of module.hPaul Gortmaker
The files changed within are only using the EXPORT_SYMBOL macro variants. They are not using core modular infrastructure and hence don't need module.h but only the export.h header. Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
2011-10-20block: initialize the bounce pool if high memory may be added laterDavid Vrabel
init_emergency_pool() does not create the page pool for bouncing block requests if the current count of high pages is zero. If high memory may be added later (either via memory hotplug or a balloon driver in a virtualized system) then a oops occurs if a request with a high page need bouncing because the pool does not exist. So, always create the pool if memory hotplug is enabled and change the test so it's valid even if all high pages are currently in the balloon (the balloon drivers adjust totalhigh_pages but not max_pfn). Signed-off-by: David Vrabel <david.vrabel@citrix.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2010-09-09bounce: call flush_dcache_page() after bounce_copy_vec()Gary King
I have been seeing problems on Tegra 2 (ARMv7 SMP) systems with HIGHMEM enabled on 2.6.35 (plus some patches targetted at 2.6.36 to perform cache maintenance lazily), and the root cause appears to be that the mm bouncing code is calling flush_dcache_page before it copies the bounce buffer into the bio. The bounced page needs to be flushed after data is copied into it, to ensure that architecture implementations can synchronize instruction and data caches if necessary. Signed-off-by: Gary King <gking@nvidia.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk> Acked-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking ↵Tejun Heo
implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2009-06-16block: remove some includings of blktrace_api.hLi Zefan
When porting blktrace to tracepoints, we changed to trace/block.h for trace prober declarations. Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
2009-06-11Merge branch 'for-2.6.31' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-2.6-blockLinus Torvalds
* 'for-2.6.31' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-2.6-block: (153 commits) block: add request clone interface (v2) floppy: fix hibernation ramdisk: remove long-deprecated "ramdisk=" boot-time parameter fs/bio.c: add missing __user annotation block: prevent possible io_context->refcount overflow Add serial number support for virtio_blk, V4a block: Add missing bounce_pfn stacking and fix comments Revert "block: Fix bounce limit setting in DM" cciss: decode unit attention in SCSI error handling code cciss: Remove no longer needed sendcmd reject processing code cciss: change SCSI error handling routines to work with interrupts enabled. cciss: separate error processing and command retrying code in sendcmd_withirq_core() cciss: factor out fix target status processing code from sendcmd functions cciss: simplify interface of sendcmd() and sendcmd_withirq() cciss: factor out core of sendcmd_withirq() for use by SCSI error handling code cciss: Use schedule_timeout_uninterruptible in SCSI error handling code block: needs to set the residual length of a bidi request Revert "block: implement blkdev_readpages" block: Fix bounce limit setting in DM Removed reference to non-existing file Documentation/PCI/PCI-DMA-mapping.txt ... Manually fix conflicts with tracing updates in: block/blk-sysfs.c drivers/ide/ide-atapi.c drivers/ide/ide-cd.c drivers/ide/ide-floppy.c drivers/ide/ide-tape.c include/trace/events/block.h kernel/trace/blktrace.c
2009-06-09tracing/events: convert block trace points to TRACE_EVENT()Li Zefan
TRACE_EVENT is a more generic way to define tracepoints. Doing so adds these new capabilities to this tracepoint: - zero-copy and per-cpu splice() tracing - binary tracing without printf overhead - structured logging records exposed under /debug/tracing/events - trace events embedded in function tracer output and other plugins - user-defined, per tracepoint filter expressions ... Cons: - no dev_t info for the output of plug, unplug_timer and unplug_io events. no dev_t info for getrq and sleeprq events if bio == NULL. no dev_t info for rq_abort,...,rq_requeue events if rq->rq_disk == NULL. This is mainly because we can't get the deivce from a request queue. But this may change in the future. - A packet command is converted to a string in TP_assign, not TP_print. While blktrace do the convertion just before output. Since pc requests should be rather rare, this is not a big issue. - In blktrace, an event can have 2 different print formats, but a TRACE_EVENT has a unique format, which means we have some unused data in a trace entry. The overhead is minimized by using __dynamic_array() instead of __array(). I've benchmarked the ioctl blktrace vs the splice based TRACE_EVENT tracing: dd dd + ioctl blktrace dd + TRACE_EVENT (splice) 1 7.36s, 42.7 MB/s 7.50s, 42.0 MB/s 7.41s, 42.5 MB/s 2 7.43s, 42.3 MB/s 7.48s, 42.1 MB/s 7.43s, 42.4 MB/s 3 7.38s, 42.6 MB/s 7.45s, 42.2 MB/s 7.41s, 42.5 MB/s So the overhead of tracing is very small, and no regression when using those trace events vs blktrace. And the binary output of TRACE_EVENT is much smaller than blktrace: # ls -l -h -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 8.8M 06-09 13:24 sda.blktrace.0 -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 195K 06-09 13:24 sda.blktrace.1 -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2.7M 06-09 13:25 trace_splice.out Following are some comparisons between TRACE_EVENT and blktrace: plug: kjournald-480 [000] 303.084981: block_plug: [kjournald] kjournald-480 [000] 303.084981: 8,0 P N [kjournald] unplug_io: kblockd/0-118 [000] 300.052973: block_unplug_io: [kblockd/0] 1 kblockd/0-118 [000] 300.052974: 8,0 U N [kblockd/0] 1 remap: kjournald-480 [000] 303.085042: block_remap: 8,0 W 102736992 + 8 <- (8,8) 33384 kjournald-480 [000] 303.085043: 8,0 A W 102736992 + 8 <- (8,8) 33384 bio_backmerge: kjournald-480 [000] 303.085086: block_bio_backmerge: 8,0 W 102737032 + 8 [kjournald] kjournald-480 [000] 303.085086: 8,0 M W 102737032 + 8 [kjournald] getrq: kjournald-480 [000] 303.084974: block_getrq: 8,0 W 102736984 + 8 [kjournald] kjournald-480 [000] 303.084975: 8,0 G W 102736984 + 8 [kjournald] bash-2066 [001] 1072.953770: 8,0 G N [bash] bash-2066 [001] 1072.953773: block_getrq: 0,0 N 0 + 0 [bash] rq_complete: konsole-2065 [001] 300.053184: block_rq_complete: 8,0 W () 103669040 + 16 [0] konsole-2065 [001] 300.053191: 8,0 C W 103669040 + 16 [0] ksoftirqd/1-7 [001] 1072.953811: 8,0 C N (5a 00 08 00 00 00 00 00 24 00) [0] ksoftirqd/1-7 [001] 1072.953813: block_rq_complete: 0,0 N (5a 00 08 00 00 00 00 00 24 00) 0 + 0 [0] rq_insert: kjournald-480 [000] 303.084985: block_rq_insert: 8,0 W 0 () 102736984 + 8 [kjournald] kjournald-480 [000] 303.084986: 8,0 I W 102736984 + 8 [kjournald] Changelog from v2 -> v3: - use the newly introduced __dynamic_array(). Changelog from v1 -> v2: - use __string() instead of __array() to minimize the memory required to store hex dump of rq->cmd(). - support large pc requests. - add missing blk_fill_rwbs_rq() in block_rq_requeue TRACE_EVENT. - some cleanups. Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> LKML-Reference: <4A2DF669.5070905@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2009-05-22block: Use accessor functions for queue limitsMartin K. Petersen
Convert all external users of queue limits to using wrapper functions instead of poking the request queue variables directly. Signed-off-by: Martin K. Petersen <martin.petersen@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
2008-12-29bounce: don't rely on a zeroed bio_vec listJens Axboe
__blk_queue_bounce() relies on a zeroed bio_vec list, since it looks up arbitrary indexes in the allocated bio. The block layer only guarentees that added entries are valid, so clear memory after alloc. Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
2008-11-26blktrace: port to tracepoints, updateIngo Molnar
Port to the new tracepoints API: split DEFINE_TRACE() and DECLARE_TRACE() sites. Spread them out to the usage sites, as suggested by Mathieu Desnoyers. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca>
2008-11-26blktrace: port to tracepointsArnaldo Carvalho de Melo
This was a forward port of work done by Mathieu Desnoyers, I changed it to encode the 'what' parameter on the tracepoint name, so that one can register interest in specific events and not on classes of events to then check the 'what' parameter. Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-10-09highmem: use bio_has_data() in the bounce pathJens Axboe
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
2007-10-16block: Initial support for data-less (or empty) barrier supportJens Axboe
This implements functionality to pass down or insert a barrier in a queue, without having data attached to it. The ->prepare_flush_fn() infrastructure from data barriers are reused to provide this functionality. Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
2007-10-10Drop 'size' argument from bio_endio and bi_end_ioNeilBrown
As bi_end_io is only called once when the reqeust is complete, the 'size' argument is now redundant. Remove it. Now there is no need for bio_endio to subtract the size completed from bi_size. So don't do that either. While we are at it, change bi_end_io to return void. Signed-off-by: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
2007-07-24[BLOCK] Get rid of request_queue_t typedefJens Axboe
Some of the code has been gradually transitioned to using the proper struct request_queue, but there's lots left. So do a full sweet of the kernel and get rid of this typedef and replace its uses with the proper type. Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
2007-03-27block: blk_max_pfn is somtimes wrongVasily Tarasov
There is a small problem in handling page bounce. At the moment blk_max_pfn equals max_pfn, which is in fact not maximum possible _number_ of a page frame, but the _amount_ of page frames. For example for the 32bit x86 node with 4Gb RAM, max_pfn = 0x100000, but not 0xFFFF. request_queue structure has a member q->bounce_pfn and queue needs bounce pages for the pages _above_ this limit. This routine is handled by blk_queue_bounce(), where the following check is produced: if (q->bounce_pfn >= blk_max_pfn) return; Assume, that a driver has set q->bounce_pfn to 0xFFFF, but blk_max_pfn equals 0x10000. In such situation the check above fails and for each bio we always fall down for iterating over pages tied to the bio. I want to notice, that for quite a big range of device drivers (ide, md, ...) such problem doesn't happen because they use BLK_BOUNCE_ANY for bounce_pfn. BLK_BOUNCE_ANY is defined as blk_max_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT, and then the check above doesn't fail. But for other drivers, which obtain reuired value from drivers, it fails. For example sata_nv uses ATA_DMA_MASK or dev->dma_mask. I propose to use (max_pfn - 1) for blk_max_pfn. And the same for blk_max_low_pfn. The patch also cleanses some checks related with bounce_pfn. Signed-off-by: Vasily Tarasov <vtaras@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
2007-01-12[PATCH] blktrace: only add a bounce trace when we really bounceJens Axboe
Currently we issue a bounce trace when __blk_queue_bounce() is called, but that merely means that the device has a lower dma mask than the higher pages in the system. The bio itself may still be lower pages. So move the bounce trace into __blk_queue_bounce(), when we know there will actually be page bouncing. Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-09-30[PATCH] BLOCK: Separate the bounce buffering code from the highmem code [try #6]David Howells
Move the bounce buffer code from mm/highmem.c to mm/bounce.c so that it can be more easily disabled when the block layer is disabled. !!!NOTE!!! There may be a bug in this code: Should init_emergency_pool() be contingent on CONFIG_HIGHMEM? Signed-Off-By: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>