path: root/lib/debugobjects.c
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2013-02-27hlist: drop the node parameter from iteratorsSasha Levin
I'm not sure why, but the hlist for each entry iterators were conceived list_for_each_entry(pos, head, member) The hlist ones were greedy and wanted an extra parameter: hlist_for_each_entry(tpos, pos, head, member) Why did they need an extra pos parameter? I'm not quite sure. Not only they don't really need it, it also prevents the iterator from looking exactly like the list iterator, which is unfortunate. Besides the semantic patch, there was some manual work required: - Fix up the actual hlist iterators in linux/list.h - Fix up the declaration of other iterators based on the hlist ones. - A very small amount of places were using the 'node' parameter, this was modified to use 'obj->member' instead. - Coccinelle didn't handle the hlist_for_each_entry_safe iterator properly, so those had to be fixed up manually. The semantic patch which is mostly the work of Peter Senna Tschudin is here: @@ iterator name hlist_for_each_entry, hlist_for_each_entry_continue, hlist_for_each_entry_from, hlist_for_each_entry_rcu, hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh, hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh, for_each_busy_worker, ax25_uid_for_each, ax25_for_each, inet_bind_bucket_for_each, sctp_for_each_hentry, sk_for_each, sk_for_each_rcu, sk_for_each_from, sk_for_each_safe, sk_for_each_bound, hlist_for_each_entry_safe, hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu, nr_neigh_for_each, nr_neigh_for_each_safe, nr_node_for_each, nr_node_for_each_safe, for_each_gfn_indirect_valid_sp, for_each_gfn_sp, for_each_host; type T; expression a,c,d,e; identifier b; statement S; @@ -T b; <+... when != b ( hlist_for_each_entry(a, - b, c, d) S | hlist_for_each_entry_continue(a, - b, c) S | hlist_for_each_entry_from(a, - b, c) S | hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(a, - b, c, d) S | hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh(a, - b, c, d) S | hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh(a, - b, c) S | for_each_busy_worker(a, c, - b, d) S | ax25_uid_for_each(a, - b, c) S | ax25_for_each(a, - b, c) S | inet_bind_bucket_for_each(a, - b, c) S | sctp_for_each_hentry(a, - b, c) S | sk_for_each(a, - b, c) S | sk_for_each_rcu(a, - b, c) S | sk_for_each_from -(a, b) +(a) S + sk_for_each_from(a) S | sk_for_each_safe(a, - b, c, d) S | sk_for_each_bound(a, - b, c) S | hlist_for_each_entry_safe(a, - b, c, d, e) S | hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(a, - b, c) S | nr_neigh_for_each(a, - b, c) S | nr_neigh_for_each_safe(a, - b, c, d) S | nr_node_for_each(a, - b, c) S | nr_node_for_each_safe(a, - b, c, d) S | - for_each_gfn_sp(a, c, d, b) S + for_each_gfn_sp(a, c, d) S | - for_each_gfn_indirect_valid_sp(a, c, d, b) S + for_each_gfn_indirect_valid_sp(a, c, d) S | for_each_host(a, - b, c) S | for_each_host_safe(a, - b, c, d) S | for_each_mesh_entry(a, - b, c, d) S ) ...+> [akpm@linux-foundation.org: drop bogus change from net/ipv4/raw.c] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: drop bogus hunk from net/ipv6/raw.c] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix warnings] [akpm@linux-foudnation.org: redo intrusive kvm changes] Tested-by: Peter Senna Tschudin <peter.senna@gmail.com> Acked-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Cc: Gleb Natapov <gleb@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-04-18debugobjects: Fill_pool() returns void nowDan Carpenter
There was a return missed in 1fda107d44 "debugobjects: Remove unused return value from fill_pool()". It makes gcc complain: lib/debugobjects.c: In function ‘fill_pool’: lib/debugobjects.c:98:4: warning: ‘return’ with a value, in function returning void [enabled by default] Signed-off-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20120418112810.GA2669@elgon.mountain Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2012-04-11debugobjects: printk with irqs enabledThomas Gleixner
No point in keeping interrupts disabled here. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2012-04-11debugobjects: Remove unused return value from fill_pool()Thomas Gleixner
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2012-03-05debugobjects: Fix selftest for static warningsStephen Boyd
debugobjects is now printing a warning when a fixup for a NOTAVAILABLE object is run. This causes the selftest to fail like: ODEBUG: selftest warnings failed 4 != 5 We could just increase the number of warnings that the selftest is expecting to see because that is actually what has changed. But, it turns out that fixup_activate() was written with inverted logic and thus a fixup for a static object returned 1 indicating the object had been fixed, and 0 otherwise. Fix the logic to be correct and update the counts to reflect that nothing needed fixing for a static object. Signed-off-by: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org> Reported-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-11-23debugobjects: Extend to assert that an object is initializedChristine Chan
Calling del_timer_sync() on an uninitialized timer leads to a never ending loop in lock_timer_base() that spins checking for a non-NULL timer base. Add an assertion to debugobjects to catch usage of uninitialized objects so that we can initialize timers in the del_timer_sync() path before it calls lock_timer_base(). [ sboyd@codeaurora.org: Clarify commit message ] Signed-off-by: Christine Chan <cschan@codeaurora.org> Signed-off-by: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org> Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1320724108-20788-3-git-send-email-sboyd@codeaurora.org Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2011-11-23debugobjects: Be smarter about static objectsStephen Boyd
Make debugobjects use the return code from the fixup function. That allows us better diagnostics in the activate check than relying on a WARN_ON() in the object specific code. [ tglx@linutronix.de: Split out the debugobjects vs. the timer change ] Signed-off-by: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org> Cc: Christine Chan <cschan@codeaurora.org> Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1320724108-20788-2-git-send-email-sboyd@codeaurora.org Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2011-06-20debugobjects: Fix boot crash when kmemleak and debugobjects enabledMarcin Slusarz
Order of initialization look like this: ... debugobjects kmemleak ...(lots of other subsystems)... workqueues (through early initcall) ... debugobjects use schedule_work for batch freeing of its data and kmemleak heavily use debugobjects, so when it comes to freeing and workqueues were not initialized yet, kernel crashes: BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at (null) IP: [<ffffffff810854d1>] __queue_work+0x29/0x41a [<ffffffff81085910>] queue_work_on+0x16/0x1d [<ffffffff81085abc>] queue_work+0x29/0x55 [<ffffffff81085afb>] schedule_work+0x13/0x15 [<ffffffff81242de1>] free_object+0x90/0x95 [<ffffffff81242f6d>] debug_check_no_obj_freed+0x187/0x1d3 [<ffffffff814b6504>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x30/0x4d [<ffffffff8110bd14>] ? free_object_rcu+0x68/0x6d [<ffffffff8110890c>] kmem_cache_free+0x64/0x12c [<ffffffff8110bd14>] free_object_rcu+0x68/0x6d [<ffffffff810b58bc>] __rcu_process_callbacks+0x1b6/0x2d9 ... because system_wq is NULL. Fix it by checking if workqueues susbystem was initialized before using. Signed-off-by: Marcin Slusarz <marcin.slusarz@gmail.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Dipankar Sarma <dipankar@in.ibm.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: stable@kernel.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110528112342.GA3068@joi.lan Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2011-03-08debugobjects: Add hint for better object identificationStanislaw Gruszka
In complex subsystems like mac80211 structures can contain several timers and work structs, so identifying a specific instance from the call trace and object type output of debugobjects can be hard. Allow the subsystems which support debugobjects to provide a hint function. This function returns a pointer to a kernel address (preferrably the objects callback function) which is printed along with the debugobjects type. Add hint methods for timer_list, work_struct and hrtimer. [ tglx: Massaged changelog, made it compile ] Signed-off-by: Stanislaw Gruszka <sgruszka@redhat.com> LKML-Reference: <20110307085809.GA9334@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2010-05-18Merge branch 'core-rcu-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip * 'core-rcu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: (24 commits) rcu: remove all rcu head initializations, except on_stack initializations rcu head introduce rcu head init on stack Debugobjects transition check rcu: fix build bug in RCU_FAST_NO_HZ builds rcu: RCU_FAST_NO_HZ must check RCU dyntick state rcu: make SRCU usable in modules rcu: improve the RCU CPU-stall warning documentation rcu: reduce the number of spurious RCU_SOFTIRQ invocations rcu: permit discontiguous cpu_possible_mask CPU numbering rcu: improve RCU CPU stall-warning messages rcu: print boot-time console messages if RCU configs out of ordinary rcu: disable CPU stall warnings upon panic rcu: enable CPU_STALL_VERBOSE by default rcu: slim down rcutiny by removing rcu_scheduler_active and friends rcu: refactor RCU's context-switch handling rcu: rename rcutiny rcu_ctrlblk to rcu_sched_ctrlblk rcu: shrink rcutiny by making synchronize_rcu_bh() be inline rcu: fix now-bogus rcu_scheduler_active comments. rcu: Fix bogus CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING in comments to reflect reality. rcu: ignore offline CPUs in last non-dyntick-idle CPU check ...
2010-05-18Merge branch 'core-debugobjects-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip * 'core-debugobjects-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: debugobjects: Section mismatch cleanup
2010-05-10Debugobjects transition checkMathieu Desnoyers
Implement a basic state machine checker in the debugobjects. This state machine checker detects races and inconsistencies within the "active" life of a debugobject. The checker only keeps track of the current state; all the state machine logic is kept at the object instance level. The checker works by adding a supplementary "unsigned int astate" field to the debug_obj structure. It keeps track of the current "active state" of the object. The only constraints that are imposed on the states by the debugobjects system is that: - activation of an object sets the current active state to 0, - deactivation of an object expects the current active state to be 0. For the rest of the states, the state mapping is determined by the specific object instance. Therefore, the logic keeping track of the state machine is within the specialized instance, without any need to know about it at the debugobject level. The current object active state is changed by calling: debug_object_active_state(addr, descr, expect, next) where "expect" is the expected state and "next" is the next state to move to if the expected state is found. A warning is generated if the expected is not found. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> CC: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> CC: akpm@linux-foundation.org CC: mingo@elte.hu CC: laijs@cn.fujitsu.com CC: dipankar@in.ibm.com CC: josh@joshtriplett.org CC: dvhltc@us.ibm.com CC: niv@us.ibm.com CC: peterz@infradead.org CC: rostedt@goodmis.org CC: Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu CC: dhowells@redhat.com CC: eric.dumazet@gmail.com CC: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking ↵Tejun Heo
implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2010-03-26debugobjects: Section mismatch cleanupHenrik Kretzschmar
This patch marks two functions, which only get called at initialization, as __init. Here is also interesting, that modpost doesn't catch here the right function name. WARNING: lib/built-in.o(.text+0x585f): Section mismatch in reference from the function T.506() to the variable .init.data:obj The function T.506() references the variable __initdata obj. This is often because T.506 lacks a __initdata annotation or the annotation of obj is wrong. Signed-off-by: Henrik Kretzschmar <henne@nachtwindheim.de> LKML-Reference: <1269632315-19403-1-git-send-email-henne@nachtwindheim.de> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2009-12-14debugobjects: Convert to raw_spinlocksThomas Gleixner
Convert locks which cannot be sleeping locks in preempt-rt to raw_spinlocks. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-10-11headers: remove sched.h from interrupt.hAlexey Dobriyan
After m68k's task_thread_info() doesn't refer to current, it's possible to remove sched.h from interrupt.h and not break m68k! Many thanks to Heiko Carstens for allowing this. Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
2009-03-17debugobjects: delay free of internal objectsThomas Gleixner
Impact: avoid recursive kfree calls, less slab activity on heavy load debugobjects checks on kfree whether tracked objects are freed. When a tracked object is freed debugobjects frees the internal reference object as well. The debug object slab cache is marked to not recurse into debugobjects when a slab objects is freed, but the recursive call can be problematic versus locking in the memory allocator. Defer the freeing of debug slab objects via schedule_work. The reasons not to use RCU are: 1) rcu makes the data structure larger 2) there is no real need for rcu as nothing references the obj after we freed it 3) under heavy load it is easier to reuse the to be freed objects instead of allocating new objects from the slab. This lowered the slab activity significantly in a heavy load networking test where lots of timers are created/destroyed. The workqueue based delayed free allows us just to put the to be freed objects back into the object pool and reuse them right away. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> LKML-Reference: <200903162049.58058.nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
2009-03-17debugobjects: replace static objects when slab cache becomes availableThomas Gleixner
Impact: refactor/consolidate object management, prepare for delayed free debugobjects allocates static reference objects to track objects which are initialized or activated before the slab cache becomes available. These static reference objects have to be handled seperately in free_object(). The handling of these objects is in the way of implementing a delayed free functionality. The delayed free is required to avoid callbacks into the mm code from debug_check_no_obj_freed(). Replace the static object references with dynamic ones after the slab cache has been initialized. The static objects are now marked initdata. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> LKML-Reference: <200903162049.58058.nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
2009-03-02debug_objects: add boot-parameter toggle to turn object debugging off againKyle McMartin
While trying to debug why my Atom netbook is falling over booting rawhide debug-enabled kernels, I stumbled across the fact that we've been enabling object debugging by default. However, once you default it to on, you've got no way to turn it back off again at runtime. Add a boolean toggle to turn it off. I would just make it an int module_param, however people may already expect the boolean enable behaviour, so just add an analogue for disabling. Signed-off-by: Kyle McMartin <kyle@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-11-26debugobjects: add boot parameter default valueIngo Molnar
Impact: add .config driven boot parameter default value Right now debugobjects can only be activated if the debug_objects boot parameter is passed in via the boot command line. Make this more convenient (and randomizable) by also providing a .config method. Enable it by default. (DEBUG_OBJECTS itself is default-off) Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-09-01debugobjects: fix lockdep warningVegard Nossum
Daniel J. Blueman reported: > ======================================================= > [ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ] > 2.6.27-rc4-224c #1 > ------------------------------------------------------- > hald/4680 is trying to acquire lock: > (&n->list_lock){++..}, at: [<ffffffff802bfa26>] add_partial+0x26/0x80 > > but task is already holding lock: > (&obj_hash[i].lock){++..}, at: [<ffffffff8041cfdc>] > debug_object_free+0x5c/0x120 We fix it by moving the actual freeing to outside the lock (the lock now only protects the list). The pool lock is also promoted to irq-safe (suggested by Dan). It's necessary because free_pool is now called outside the irq disabled region. So we need to protect against an interrupt handler which calls debug_object_init(). [tglx@linutronix.de: added hlist_move_list helper to avoid looping through the list twice] Reported-by: Daniel J Blueman <daniel.blueman@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2008-07-26Use WARN() in lib/Arjan van de Ven
Use WARN() instead of a printk+WARN_ON() pair; this way the message becomes part of the warning section for better reporting/collection. In addition, one of the if() clauses collapes into the WARN() entirely now. Signed-off-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-07-24add a helper function to test if an object is on the stackFUJITA Tomonori
lib/debugobjects.c has a function to test if an object is on the stack. The block layer and ide needs it (they need to avoid DMA from/to stack buffers). This patch moves the function to include/linux/sched.h so that everyone can use it. lib/debugobjects.c uses current->stack but this patch uses a task_stack_page() accessor, which is a preferable way to access the stack. Signed-off-by: FUJITA Tomonori <fujita.tomonori@lab.ntt.co.jp> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-06-18debugobjects: fix lockdep warningVegard Nossum
Daniel J Blueman reported: | ======================================================= | [ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ] | 2.6.26-rc5-201c #1 | ------------------------------------------------------- | nscd/3669 is trying to acquire lock: | (&n->list_lock){.+..}, at: [<ffffffff802bab03>] deactivate_slab+0x173/0x1e0 | | but task is already holding lock: | (&obj_hash[i].lock){++..}, at: [<ffffffff803fa56f>] | __debug_object_init+0x2f/0x350 | | which lock already depends on the new lock. There are two locks involved here; the first is a SLUB-local lock, and the second is a debugobjects-local lock. They are basically taken in two different orders: 1. SLUB { debugobjects { ... } } 2. debugobjects { SLUB { ... } } This patch changes pattern #2 by trying to fill the memory pool (e.g. the call into SLUB/kmalloc()) outside the debugobjects lock, so now the two patterns look like this: 1. SLUB { debugobjects { ... } } 2. SLUB { } debugobjects { ... } [ daniel.blueman@gmail.com: pool_lock needs to be taken irq safe in fill_pool ] Reported-by: Daniel J Blueman <daniel.blueman@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2008-04-30infrastructure to debug (dynamic) objectsThomas Gleixner
We can see an ever repeating problem pattern with objects of any kind in the kernel: 1) freeing of active objects 2) reinitialization of active objects Both problems can be hard to debug because the crash happens at a point where we have no chance to decode the root cause anymore. One problem spot are kernel timers, where the detection of the problem often happens in interrupt context and usually causes the machine to panic. While working on a timer related bug report I had to hack specialized code into the timer subsystem to get a reasonable hint for the root cause. This debug hack was fine for temporary use, but far from a mergeable solution due to the intrusiveness into the timer code. The code further lacked the ability to detect and report the root cause instantly and keep the system operational. Keeping the system operational is important to get hold of the debug information without special debugging aids like serial consoles and special knowledge of the bug reporter. The problems described above are not restricted to timers, but timers tend to expose it usually in a full system crash. Other objects are less explosive, but the symptoms caused by such mistakes can be even harder to debug. Instead of creating specialized debugging code for the timer subsystem a generic infrastructure is created which allows developers to verify their code and provides an easy to enable debug facility for users in case of trouble. The debugobjects core code keeps track of operations on static and dynamic objects by inserting them into a hashed list and sanity checking them on object operations and provides additional checks whenever kernel memory is freed. The tracked object operations are: - initializing an object - adding an object to a subsystem list - deleting an object from a subsystem list Each operation is sanity checked before the operation is executed and the subsystem specific code can provide a fixup function which allows to prevent the damage of the operation. When the sanity check triggers a warning message and a stack trace is printed. The list of operations can be extended if the need arises. For now it's limited to the requirements of the first user (timers). The core code enqueues the objects into hash buckets. The hash index is generated from the address of the object to simplify the lookup for the check on kfree/vfree. Each bucket has it's own spinlock to avoid contention on a global lock. The debug code can be compiled in without being active. The runtime overhead is minimal and could be optimized by asm alternatives. A kernel command line option enables the debugging code. Thanks to Ingo Molnar for review, suggestions and cleanup patches. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Cc: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>