path: root/fs/cachefiles
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2012-12-20FS-Cache: Mark cancellation of in-progress operationDavid Howells
Mark as cancelled an operation that is in progress rather than pending at the time it is cancelled, and call fscache_complete_op() to cancel an operation so that blocked ops can be started. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2012-12-20FS-Cache: Don't mask off the object event mask when printing itDavid Howells
Don't mask off the object event mask when printing it. That way it can be seen if threre are bits set that shouldn't be. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2012-12-20CacheFiles: Add missing retrieval completionsDavid Howells
CacheFiles is missing some calls to fscache_retrieval_complete() in the error handling/collision paths of its reader functions. This can be seen by the following assertion tripping in fscache_put_operation() whereby the operation being destroyed is still in the in-progress state and has not been cancelled or completed: FS-Cache: Assertion failed 3 == 5 is false ------------[ cut here ]------------ kernel BUG at fs/fscache/operation.c:408! invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP CPU 2 Modules linked in: xfs ioatdma dca loop joydev evdev psmouse dcdbas pcspkr serio_raw i5000_edac edac_core i5k_amb shpchp pci_hotplug sg sr_mod] Pid: 8062, comm: httpd Not tainted 3.1.0-rc8 #1 Dell Inc. PowerEdge 1950/0DT097 RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff81197b24>] [<ffffffff81197b24>] fscache_put_operation+0x304/0x330 RSP: 0018:ffff880062f739d8 EFLAGS: 00010296 RAX: 0000000000000025 RBX: ffff8800c5122e84 RCX: ffffffff81ddf040 RDX: 00000000ffffffff RSI: 0000000000000082 RDI: ffffffff81ddef30 RBP: ffff880062f739f8 R08: 0000000000000005 R09: 0000000000000000 R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000003 R12: ffff8800c5122e40 R13: ffff880037a2cd20 R14: ffff880087c7a058 R15: ffff880087c7a000 FS: 00007f63dcf636e0(0000) GS:ffff88022fc80000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000 CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033 CR2: 00007f0c0a91f000 CR3: 0000000062ec2000 CR4: 00000000000006e0 DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000 DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400 Process httpd (pid: 8062, threadinfo ffff880062f72000, task ffff880087e58000) Stack: ffff880062f73bf8 0000000000000000 ffff880062f73bf8 ffff880037a2cd20 ffff880062f73a68 ffffffff8119aa7e ffff88006540e000 ffff880062f73ad4 ffff88008e9a4308 ffff880037a2cd20 ffff880062f73a48 ffff8800c5122e40 Call Trace: [<ffffffff8119aa7e>] __fscache_read_or_alloc_pages+0x1fe/0x530 [<ffffffff81250780>] __nfs_readpages_from_fscache+0x70/0x1c0 [<ffffffff8123142a>] nfs_readpages+0xca/0x1e0 [<ffffffff815f3c06>] ? rpc_do_put_task+0x36/0x50 [<ffffffff8122755b>] ? alloc_nfs_open_context+0x4b/0x110 [<ffffffff815ecd1a>] ? rpc_call_sync+0x5a/0x70 [<ffffffff810e7e9a>] __do_page_cache_readahead+0x1ca/0x270 [<ffffffff810e7f61>] ra_submit+0x21/0x30 [<ffffffff810e818d>] ondemand_readahead+0x11d/0x250 [<ffffffff810e83b6>] page_cache_sync_readahead+0x36/0x60 [<ffffffff810dffa4>] generic_file_aio_read+0x454/0x770 [<ffffffff81224ce1>] nfs_file_read+0xe1/0x130 [<ffffffff81121bd9>] do_sync_read+0xd9/0x120 [<ffffffff8114088f>] ? mntput+0x1f/0x40 [<ffffffff811238cb>] ? fput+0x1cb/0x260 [<ffffffff81122938>] vfs_read+0xc8/0x180 [<ffffffff81122af5>] sys_read+0x55/0x90 Reported-by: Mark Moseley <moseleymark@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2012-12-20CacheFiles: Implement invalidationDavid Howells
Implement invalidation for CacheFiles. This is in two parts: (1) Provide an invalidation method (which just truncates the backing file). (2) Abort attempts to copy anything read from the backing file whilst invalidation is in progress. Question: CacheFiles uses truncation in a couple of places. It has been using notify_change() rather than sys_truncate() or something similar. This means it bypasses a bunch of checks and suchlike that it possibly should be making (security, file locking, lease breaking, vfsmount write). Should it be using vfs_truncate() as added by a preceding patch or should it use notify_write() and assume that anyone poking around in the cache files on disk gets everything they deserve? Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2012-12-20FS-Cache: Fix operation state management and accountingDavid Howells
Fix the state management of internal fscache operations and the accounting of what operations are in what states. This is done by: (1) Give struct fscache_operation a enum variable that directly represents the state it's currently in, rather than spreading this knowledge over a bunch of flags, who's processing the operation at the moment and whether it is queued or not. This makes it easier to write assertions to check the state at various points and to prevent invalid state transitions. (2) Add an 'operation complete' state and supply a function to indicate the completion of an operation (fscache_op_complete()) and make things call it. The final call to fscache_put_operation() can then check that an op in the appropriate state (complete or cancelled). (3) Adjust the use of object->n_ops, ->n_in_progress, ->n_exclusive to better govern the state of an object: (a) The ->n_ops is now the number of extant operations on the object and is now decremented by fscache_put_operation() only. (b) The ->n_in_progress is simply the number of objects that have been taken off of the object's pending queue for the purposes of being run. This is decremented by fscache_op_complete() only. (c) The ->n_exclusive is the number of exclusive ops that have been submitted and queued or are in progress. It is decremented by fscache_op_complete() and by fscache_cancel_op(). fscache_put_operation() and fscache_operation_gc() now no longer try to clean up ->n_exclusive and ->n_in_progress. That was leading to double decrements against fscache_cancel_op(). fscache_cancel_op() now no longer decrements ->n_ops. That was leading to double decrements against fscache_put_operation(). fscache_submit_exclusive_op() now decides whether it has to queue an op based on ->n_in_progress being > 0 rather than ->n_ops > 0 as the latter will persist in being true even after all preceding operations have been cancelled or completed. Furthermore, if an object is active and there are runnable ops against it, there must be at least one op running. (4) Add a remaining-pages counter (n_pages) to struct fscache_retrieval and provide a function to record completion of the pages as they complete. When n_pages reaches 0, the operation is deemed to be complete and fscache_op_complete() is called. Add calls to fscache_retrieval_complete() anywhere we've finished with a page we've been given to read or allocate for. This includes places where we just return pages to the netfs for reading from the server and where accessing the cache fails and we discard the proposed netfs page. The bugs in the unfixed state management manifest themselves as oopses like the following where the operation completion gets out of sync with return of the cookie by the netfs. This is possible because the cache unlocks and returns all the netfs pages before recording its completion - which means that there's nothing to stop the netfs discarding them and returning the cookie. FS-Cache: Cookie 'NFS.fh' still has outstanding reads ------------[ cut here ]------------ kernel BUG at fs/fscache/cookie.c:519! invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP CPU 1 Modules linked in: cachefiles nfs fscache auth_rpcgss nfs_acl lockd sunrpc Pid: 400, comm: kswapd0 Not tainted 3.1.0-rc7-fsdevel+ #1090 /DG965RY RIP: 0010:[<ffffffffa007050a>] [<ffffffffa007050a>] __fscache_relinquish_cookie+0x170/0x343 [fscache] RSP: 0018:ffff8800368cfb00 EFLAGS: 00010282 RAX: 000000000000003c RBX: ffff880023cc8790 RCX: 0000000000000000 RDX: 0000000000002f2e RSI: 0000000000000001 RDI: ffffffff813ab86c RBP: ffff8800368cfb50 R08: 0000000000000002 R09: 0000000000000000 R10: ffff88003a1b7890 R11: ffff88001df6e488 R12: ffff880023d8ed98 R13: ffff880023cc8798 R14: 0000000000000004 R15: ffff88003b8bf370 FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff88003bd00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000 CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 000000008005003b CR2: 00000000008ba008 CR3: 0000000023d93000 CR4: 00000000000006e0 DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000 DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400 Process kswapd0 (pid: 400, threadinfo ffff8800368ce000, task ffff88003b8bf040) Stack: ffff88003b8bf040 ffff88001df6e528 ffff88001df6e528 ffffffffa00b46b0 ffff88003b8bf040 ffff88001df6e488 ffff88001df6e620 ffffffffa00b46b0 ffff88001ebd04c8 0000000000000004 ffff8800368cfb70 ffffffffa00b2c91 Call Trace: [<ffffffffa00b2c91>] nfs_fscache_release_inode_cookie+0x3b/0x47 [nfs] [<ffffffffa008f25f>] nfs_clear_inode+0x3c/0x41 [nfs] [<ffffffffa0090df1>] nfs4_evict_inode+0x2f/0x33 [nfs] [<ffffffff810d8d47>] evict+0xa1/0x15c [<ffffffff810d8e2e>] dispose_list+0x2c/0x38 [<ffffffff810d9ebd>] prune_icache_sb+0x28c/0x29b [<ffffffff810c56b7>] prune_super+0xd5/0x140 [<ffffffff8109b615>] shrink_slab+0x102/0x1ab [<ffffffff8109d690>] balance_pgdat+0x2f2/0x595 [<ffffffff8103e009>] ? process_timeout+0xb/0xb [<ffffffff8109dba3>] kswapd+0x270/0x289 [<ffffffff8104c5ea>] ? __init_waitqueue_head+0x46/0x46 [<ffffffff8109d933>] ? balance_pgdat+0x595/0x595 [<ffffffff8104bf7a>] kthread+0x7f/0x87 [<ffffffff813ad6b4>] kernel_thread_helper+0x4/0x10 [<ffffffff81026b98>] ? finish_task_switch+0x45/0xc0 [<ffffffff813abcdd>] ? retint_restore_args+0xe/0xe [<ffffffff8104befb>] ? __init_kthread_worker+0x53/0x53 [<ffffffff813ad6b0>] ? gs_change+0xb/0xb Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2012-12-20CacheFiles: Make some debugging statements conditionalDavid Howells
Downgrade some debugging statements to not unconditionally print stuff, but rather be conditional on the appropriate module parameter setting. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2012-12-20CacheFiles: Downgrade the requirements passed to the allocatorDavid Howells
Downgrade the requirements passed to the allocator in the gfp flags parameter. FS-Cache/CacheFiles can handle OOM conditions simply by aborting the attempt to store an object or a page in the cache. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2012-12-20CacheFiles: Fix the marking of cached pagesDavid Howells
Under some circumstances CacheFiles defers the marking of pages with PG_fscache so that it can take advantage of pagevecs to reduce the number of calls to fscache_mark_pages_cached() and the netfs's hook to keep track of this. There are, however, two problems with this: (1) It can lead to the PG_fscache mark being applied _after_ the page is set PG_uptodate and unlocked (by the call to fscache_end_io()). (2) CacheFiles's ref on the page is dropped immediately following fscache_end_io() - and so may not still be held when the mark is applied. This can lead to the page being passed back to the allocator before the mark is applied. Fix this by, where appropriate, marking the page before calling fscache_end_io() and releasing the page. This means that we can't take advantage of pagevecs and have to make a separate call for each page to the marking routines. The symptoms of this are Bad Page state errors cropping up under memory pressure, for example: BUG: Bad page state in process tar pfn:002da page:ffffea0000009fb0 count:0 mapcount:0 mapping: (null) index:0x1447 page flags: 0x1000(private_2) Pid: 4574, comm: tar Tainted: G W 3.1.0-rc4-fsdevel+ #1064 Call Trace: [<ffffffff8109583c>] ? dump_page+0xb9/0xbe [<ffffffff81095916>] bad_page+0xd5/0xea [<ffffffff81095d82>] get_page_from_freelist+0x35b/0x46a [<ffffffff810961f3>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x362/0x662 [<ffffffff810989da>] __do_page_cache_readahead+0x13a/0x267 [<ffffffff81098942>] ? __do_page_cache_readahead+0xa2/0x267 [<ffffffff81098d7b>] ra_submit+0x1c/0x20 [<ffffffff8109900a>] ondemand_readahead+0x28b/0x29a [<ffffffff81098ee2>] ? ondemand_readahead+0x163/0x29a [<ffffffff810990ce>] page_cache_sync_readahead+0x38/0x3a [<ffffffff81091d8a>] generic_file_aio_read+0x2ab/0x67e [<ffffffffa008cfbe>] nfs_file_read+0xa4/0xc9 [nfs] [<ffffffff810c22c4>] do_sync_read+0xba/0xfa [<ffffffff81177a47>] ? security_file_permission+0x7b/0x84 [<ffffffff810c25dd>] ? rw_verify_area+0xab/0xc8 [<ffffffff810c29a4>] vfs_read+0xaa/0x13a [<ffffffff810c2a79>] sys_read+0x45/0x6c [<ffffffff813ac37b>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b As can be seen, PG_private_2 (== PG_fscache) is set in the page flags. Instrumenting fscache_mark_pages_cached() to verify whether page->mapping was set appropriately showed that sometimes it wasn't. This led to the discovery that sometimes the page has apparently been reclaimed by the time the marker got to see it. Reported-by: M. Stevens <m@tippett.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com>
2012-07-30fs: cachefiles: add support for large files in filesystem cachingJustin Lecher
Support the caching of large files. Addresses https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=31182 Signed-off-by: Justin Lecher <jlec@gentoo.org> Signed-off-by: Suresh Jayaraman <sjayaraman@suse.com> Tested-by: Suresh Jayaraman <sjayaraman@suse.com> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-07-23switch dentry_open() to struct path, make it grab references itselfAl Viro
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-07-14don't pass nameidata * to vfs_create()Al Viro
all we want is a boolean flag, same as the method gets now Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-03-20switch touch_atime to struct pathAl Viro
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-01-03fs: move code out of buffer.cAl Viro
Move invalidate_bdev, block_sync_page into fs/block_dev.c. Export kill_bdev as well, so brd doesn't have to open code it. Reduce buffer_head.h requirement accordingly. Removed a rather large comment from invalidate_bdev, as it looked a bit obsolete to bother moving. The small comment replacing it says enough. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2011-07-20kill useless checks for sb->s_op == NULLAl Viro
never is... Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2011-07-20get rid of pointless checks for dentry->sb == NULLAl Viro
it never is... Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2011-03-31Fix common misspellingsLucas De Marchi
Fixes generated by 'codespell' and manually reviewed. Signed-off-by: Lucas De Marchi <lucas.demarchi@profusion.mobi>
2011-01-24CacheFiles: Add calls to path-based security hooksDavid Howells
Add calls to path-based security hooks into CacheFiles as, unlike inode-based security, these aren't implicit in the vfs_mkdir() and similar calls. Reported-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@i-love.sakura.ne.jp> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
2010-10-15llseek: automatically add .llseek fopArnd Bergmann
All file_operations should get a .llseek operation so we can make nonseekable_open the default for future file operations without a .llseek pointer. The three cases that we can automatically detect are no_llseek, seq_lseek and default_llseek. For cases where we can we can automatically prove that the file offset is always ignored, we use noop_llseek, which maintains the current behavior of not returning an error from a seek. New drivers should normally not use noop_llseek but instead use no_llseek and call nonseekable_open at open time. Existing drivers can be converted to do the same when the maintainer knows for certain that no user code relies on calling seek on the device file. The generated code is often incorrectly indented and right now contains comments that clarify for each added line why a specific variant was chosen. In the version that gets submitted upstream, the comments will be gone and I will manually fix the indentation, because there does not seem to be a way to do that using coccinelle. Some amount of new code is currently sitting in linux-next that should get the same modifications, which I will do at the end of the merge window. Many thanks to Julia Lawall for helping me learn to write a semantic patch that does all this. ===== begin semantic patch ===== // This adds an llseek= method to all file operations, // as a preparation for making no_llseek the default. // // The rules are // - use no_llseek explicitly if we do nonseekable_open // - use seq_lseek for sequential files // - use default_llseek if we know we access f_pos // - use noop_llseek if we know we don't access f_pos, // but we still want to allow users to call lseek // @ open1 exists @ identifier nested_open; @@ nested_open(...) { <+... nonseekable_open(...) ...+> } @ open exists@ identifier open_f; identifier i, f; identifier open1.nested_open; @@ int open_f(struct inode *i, struct file *f) { <+... ( nonseekable_open(...) | nested_open(...) ) ...+> } @ read disable optional_qualifier exists @ identifier read_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; expression E; identifier func; @@ ssize_t read_f(struct file *f, char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { <+... ( *off = E | *off += E | func(..., off, ...) | E = *off ) ...+> } @ read_no_fpos disable optional_qualifier exists @ identifier read_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; @@ ssize_t read_f(struct file *f, char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { ... when != off } @ write @ identifier write_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; expression E; identifier func; @@ ssize_t write_f(struct file *f, const char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { <+... ( *off = E | *off += E | func(..., off, ...) | E = *off ) ...+> } @ write_no_fpos @ identifier write_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; @@ ssize_t write_f(struct file *f, const char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { ... when != off } @ fops0 @ identifier fops; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... }; @ has_llseek depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier llseek_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .llseek = llseek_f, ... }; @ has_read depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... }; @ has_write depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... }; @ has_open depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier open_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = open_f, ... }; // use no_llseek if we call nonseekable_open //////////////////////////////////////////// @ nonseekable1 depends on !has_llseek && has_open @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier nso ~= "nonseekable_open"; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = nso, ... +.llseek = no_llseek, /* nonseekable */ }; @ nonseekable2 depends on !has_llseek @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier open.open_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = open_f, ... +.llseek = no_llseek, /* open uses nonseekable */ }; // use seq_lseek for sequential files ///////////////////////////////////// @ seq depends on !has_llseek @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier sr ~= "seq_read"; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = sr, ... +.llseek = seq_lseek, /* we have seq_read */ }; // use default_llseek if there is a readdir /////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops1 depends on !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier readdir_e; @@ // any other fop is used that changes pos struct file_operations fops = { ... .readdir = readdir_e, ... +.llseek = default_llseek, /* readdir is present */ }; // use default_llseek if at least one of read/write touches f_pos ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops2 depends on !fops1 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read.read_f; @@ // read fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = default_llseek, /* read accesses f_pos */ }; @ fops3 depends on !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write.write_f; @@ // write fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... + .llseek = default_llseek, /* write accesses f_pos */ }; // Use noop_llseek if neither read nor write accesses f_pos /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops4 depends on !fops1 && !fops2 && !fops3 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_no_fpos.read_f; identifier write_no_fpos.write_f; @@ // write fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* read and write both use no f_pos */ }; @ depends on has_write && !has_read && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write_no_fpos.write_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* write uses no f_pos */ }; @ depends on has_read && !has_write && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_no_fpos.read_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* read uses no f_pos */ }; @ depends on !has_read && !has_write && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* no read or write fn */ }; ===== End semantic patch ===== Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Julia Lawall <julia@diku.dk> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
2010-08-12Add a dummy printk function for the maintenance of unused printksDavid Howells
Add a dummy printk function for the maintenance of unused printks through gcc format checking, and also so that side-effect checking is maintained too. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-11vfs: add helpers to get root and pwdMiklos Szeredi
Add three helpers that retrieve a refcounted copy of the root and cwd from the supplied fs_struct. get_fs_root() get_fs_pwd() get_fs_root_and_pwd() Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-08-11cachefiles: use path_get instead of lone dgetMiklos Szeredi
Dentry references should not be acquired without a corresponding vfsmount ref. Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-08-10Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs-2.6 * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs-2.6: (96 commits) no need for list_for_each_entry_safe()/resetting with superblock list Fix sget() race with failing mount vfs: don't hold s_umount over close_bdev_exclusive() call sysv: do not mark superblock dirty on remount sysv: do not mark superblock dirty on mount btrfs: remove junk sb_dirt change BFS: clean up the superblock usage AFFS: wait for sb synchronization when needed AFFS: clean up dirty flag usage cifs: truncate fallout mbcache: fix shrinker function return value mbcache: Remove unused features add f_flags to struct statfs(64) pass a struct path to vfs_statfs update VFS documentation for method changes. All filesystems that need invalidate_inode_buffers() are doing that explicitly convert remaining ->clear_inode() to ->evict_inode() Make ->drop_inode() just return whether inode needs to be dropped fs/inode.c:clear_inode() is gone fs/inode.c:evict() doesn't care about delete vs. non-delete paths now ... Fix up trivial conflicts in fs/nilfs2/super.c
2010-08-09pass a struct path to vfs_statfsChristoph Hellwig
We'll need the path to implement the flags field for statvfs support. We do have it available in all callers except: - ecryptfs_statfs. This one doesn't actually need vfs_statfs but just needs to do a caller to the lower filesystem statfs method. - sys_ustat. Add a non-exported statfs_by_dentry helper for it which doesn't won't be able to fill out the flags field later on. In addition rename the helpers for statfs vs fstatfs to do_*statfs instead of the misleading vfs prefix. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-07-22fscache: convert operation to use workqueue instead of slow-workTejun Heo
Make fscache operation to use only workqueue instead of combination of workqueue and slow-work. FSCACHE_OP_SLOW is dropped and FSCACHE_OP_FAST is renamed to FSCACHE_OP_ASYNC and uses newly added fscache_op_wq workqueue to execute op->processor(). fscache_operation_init_slow() is dropped and fscache_operation_init() now takes @processor argument directly. * Unbound workqueue is used. * fscache_retrieval_work() is no longer necessary as OP_ASYNC now does the equivalent thing. * sysctl fscache.operation_max_active added to control concurrency. The default value is nr_cpus clamped between 2 and WQ_UNBOUND_MAX_ACTIVE. * debugfs support is dropped for now. Tracing API based debug facility is planned to be added. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2010-07-22fscache: convert object to use workqueue instead of slow-workTejun Heo
Make fscache object state transition callbacks use workqueue instead of slow-work. New dedicated unbound CPU workqueue fscache_object_wq is created. get/put callbacks are renamed and modified to take @object and called directly from the enqueue wrapper and the work function. While at it, make all open coded instances of get/put to use fscache_get/put_object(). * Unbound workqueue is used. * work_busy() output is printed instead of slow-work flags in object debugging outputs. They mean basically the same thing bit-for-bit. * sysctl fscache.object_max_active added to control concurrency. The default value is nr_cpus clamped between 4 and WQ_UNBOUND_MAX_ACTIVE. * slow_work_sleep_till_thread_needed() is replaced with fscache private implementation fscache_object_sleep_till_congested() which waits on fscache_object_wq congestion. * debugfs support is dropped for now. Tracing API based debug facility is planned to be added. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2010-05-12CacheFiles: Fix error handling in cachefiles_determine_cache_security()David Howells
cachefiles_determine_cache_security() is expected to return with a security override in place. However, if set_create_files_as() fails, we fail to do this. In this case, we should just reinstate the security override that was set by the caller. Furthermore, if set_create_files_as() fails, we should dispose of the new credentials we were in the process of creating. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-11CacheFiles: Fix occasional EIO on call to vfs_unlink()David Howells
Fix an occasional EIO returned by a call to vfs_unlink(): [ 4868.465413] CacheFiles: I/O Error: Unlink failed [ 4868.465444] FS-Cache: Cache cachefiles stopped due to I/O error [ 4947.320011] CacheFiles: File cache on md3 unregistering [ 4947.320041] FS-Cache: Withdrawing cache "mycache" [ 5127.348683] FS-Cache: Cache "mycache" added (type cachefiles) [ 5127.348716] CacheFiles: File cache on md3 registered [ 7076.871081] CacheFiles: I/O Error: Unlink failed [ 7076.871130] FS-Cache: Cache cachefiles stopped due to I/O error [ 7116.780891] CacheFiles: File cache on md3 unregistering [ 7116.780937] FS-Cache: Withdrawing cache "mycache" [ 7296.813394] FS-Cache: Cache "mycache" added (type cachefiles) [ 7296.813432] CacheFiles: File cache on md3 registered What happens is this: (1) A cached NFS file is seen to have become out of date, so NFS retires the object and immediately acquires a new object with the same key. (2) Retirement of the old object is done asynchronously - so the lookup/create to generate the new object may be done first. This can be a problem as the old object and the new object must exist at the same point in the backing filesystem (i.e. they must have the same pathname). (3) The lookup for the new object sees that a backing file already exists, checks to see whether it is valid and sees that it isn't. It then deletes that file and creates a new one on disk. (4) The retirement phase for the old file is then performed. It tries to delete the dentry it has, but ext4_unlink() returns -EIO because the inode attached to that dentry no longer matches the inode number associated with the filename in the parent directory. The trace below shows this quite well. [md5sum] ==> __fscache_relinquish_cookie(ffff88002d12fb58{NFS.fh,ffff88002ce62100},1) [md5sum] ==> __fscache_acquire_cookie({NFS.server},{NFS.fh},ffff88002ce62100) NFS has retired the old cookie and asked for a new one. [kslowd] ==> fscache_object_state_machine({OBJ52,OBJECT_ACTIVE,24}) [kslowd] <== fscache_object_state_machine() [->OBJECT_DYING] [kslowd] ==> fscache_object_state_machine({OBJ53,OBJECT_INIT,0}) [kslowd] <== fscache_object_state_machine() [->OBJECT_LOOKING_UP] [kslowd] ==> fscache_object_state_machine({OBJ52,OBJECT_DYING,24}) [kslowd] <== fscache_object_state_machine() [->OBJECT_RECYCLING] The old object (OBJ52) is going through the terminal states to get rid of it, whilst the new object - (OBJ53) - is coming into being. [kslowd] ==> fscache_object_state_machine({OBJ53,OBJECT_LOOKING_UP,0}) [kslowd] ==> cachefiles_walk_to_object({ffff88003029d8b8},OBJ53,@68,) [kslowd] lookup '@68' [kslowd] next -> ffff88002ce41bd0 positive [kslowd] advance [kslowd] lookup 'Es0g00og0_Nd_XCYe3BOzvXrsBLMlN6aw16M1htaA' [kslowd] next -> ffff8800369faac8 positive The new object has looked up the subdir in which the file would be in (getting dentry ffff88002ce41bd0) and then looked up the file itself (getting dentry ffff8800369faac8). [kslowd] validate 'Es0g00og0_Nd_XCYe3BOzvXrsBLMlN6aw16M1htaA' [kslowd] ==> cachefiles_bury_object(,'@68','Es0g00og0_Nd_XCYe3BOzvXrsBLMlN6aw16M1htaA') [kslowd] remove ffff8800369faac8 from ffff88002ce41bd0 [kslowd] unlink stale object [kslowd] <== cachefiles_bury_object() = 0 It then checks the file's xattrs to see if it's valid. NFS says that the auxiliary data indicate the file is out of date (obvious to us - that's why NFS ditched the old version and got a new one). CacheFiles then deletes the old file (dentry ffff8800369faac8). [kslowd] redo lookup [kslowd] lookup 'Es0g00og0_Nd_XCYe3BOzvXrsBLMlN6aw16M1htaA' [kslowd] next -> ffff88002cd94288 negative [kslowd] create -> ffff88002cd94288{ffff88002cdaf238{ino=148247}} CacheFiles then redoes the lookup and gets a negative result in a new dentry (ffff88002cd94288) which it then creates a file for. [kslowd] ==> cachefiles_mark_object_active(,OBJ53) [kslowd] <== cachefiles_mark_object_active() = 0 [kslowd] === OBTAINED_OBJECT === [kslowd] <== cachefiles_walk_to_object() = 0 [148247] [kslowd] <== fscache_object_state_machine() [->OBJECT_AVAILABLE] The new object is then marked active and the state machine moves to the available state - at which point NFS can start filling the object. [kslowd] ==> fscache_object_state_machine({OBJ52,OBJECT_RECYCLING,20}) [kslowd] ==> fscache_release_object() [kslowd] ==> cachefiles_drop_object({OBJ52,2}) [kslowd] ==> cachefiles_delete_object(,OBJ52{ffff8800369faac8}) The old object, meanwhile, goes on with being retired. If allocation occurs first, cachefiles_delete_object() has to wait for dir->d_inode->i_mutex to become available before it can continue. [kslowd] ==> cachefiles_bury_object(,'@68','Es0g00og0_Nd_XCYe3BOzvXrsBLMlN6aw16M1htaA') [kslowd] remove ffff8800369faac8 from ffff88002ce41bd0 [kslowd] unlink stale object EXT4-fs warning (device sda6): ext4_unlink: Inode number mismatch in unlink (148247!=148193) CacheFiles: I/O Error: Unlink failed FS-Cache: Cache cachefiles stopped due to I/O error CacheFiles then tries to delete the file for the old object, but the dentry it has (ffff8800369faac8) no longer points to a valid inode for that directory entry, and so ext4_unlink() returns -EIO when de->inode does not match i_ino. [kslowd] <== cachefiles_bury_object() = -5 [kslowd] <== cachefiles_delete_object() = -5 [kslowd] <== fscache_object_state_machine() [->OBJECT_DEAD] [kslowd] ==> fscache_object_state_machine({OBJ53,OBJECT_AVAILABLE,0}) [kslowd] <== fscache_object_state_machine() [->OBJECT_ACTIVE] (Note that the above trace includes extra information beyond that produced by the upstream code). The fix is to note when an object that is being retired has had its object deleted preemptively by a replacement object that is being created, and to skip the second removal attempt in such a case. Reported-by: Greg M <gregm@servu.net.au> Reported-by: Mark Moseley <moseleymark@gmail.com> Reported-by: Romain DEGEZ <romain.degez@smartjog.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking ↵Tejun Heo
implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2010-02-20CacheFiles: Fix a race in cachefiles_delete_object() vs renameDavid Howells
cachefiles_delete_object() can race with rename. It gets the parent directory of the object it's asked to delete, then locks it - but rename may have changed the object's parent between the get and the completion of the lock. However, if such a circumstance is detected, we abandon our attempt to delete the object - since it's no longer in the index key path, it won't be seen again by lookups of that key. The assumption is that cachefilesd may have culled it by renaming it to the graveyard for later destruction. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2009-12-16Untangling ima mess, part 2: deal with countersAl Viro
* do ima_get_count() in __dentry_open() * stop doing that in followups * move ima_path_check() to right after nameidata_to_filp() * don't bump counters on it Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2009-12-16switch cachefiles to kern_path()Al Viro
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2009-12-15tree-wide: convert open calls to remove spaces to skip_spaces() lib functionAndré Goddard Rosa
Makes use of skip_spaces() defined in lib/string.c for removing leading spaces from strings all over the tree. It decreases lib.a code size by 47 bytes and reuses the function tree-wide: text data bss dec hex filename 64688 584 592 65864 10148 (TOTALS-BEFORE) 64641 584 592 65817 10119 (TOTALS-AFTER) Also, while at it, if we see (*str && isspace(*str)), we can be sure to remove the first condition (*str) as the second one (isspace(*str)) also evaluates to 0 whenever *str == 0, making it redundant. In other words, "a char equals zero is never a space". Julia Lawall tried the semantic patch (http://coccinelle.lip6.fr) below, and found occurrences of this pattern on 3 more files: drivers/leds/led-class.c drivers/leds/ledtrig-timer.c drivers/video/output.c @@ expression str; @@ ( // ignore skip_spaces cases while (*str && isspace(*str)) { \(str++;\|++str;\) } | - *str && isspace(*str) ) Signed-off-by: André Goddard Rosa <andre.goddard@gmail.com> Cc: Julia Lawall <julia@diku.dk> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Cc: Kyle McMartin <kyle@mcmartin.ca> Cc: Henrique de Moraes Holschuh <hmh@hmh.eng.br> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: <linux-ext4@vger.kernel.org> Cc: Samuel Ortiz <samuel@sortiz.org> Cc: Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net> Cc: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-01CacheFiles: Update IMA counters when using dentry_openMarc Dionne
When IMA is active, using dentry_open without updating the IMA counters will result in free/open imbalance errors when fput is eventually called. Signed-off-by: Marc Dionne <marc.c.dionne@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-11-19CacheFiles: Don't log lookup/create failing with ENOBUFSDavid Howells
Don't log the CacheFiles lookup/create object routined failing with ENOBUFS as under high memory load or high cache load they can do this quite a lot. This error simply means that the requested object cannot be created on disk due to lack of space, or due to failure of the backing filesystem to find sufficient resources. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2009-11-19CacheFiles: Catch an overly long wait for an old active objectDavid Howells
Catch an overly long wait for an old, dying active object when we want to replace it with a new one. The probability is that all the slow-work threads are hogged, and the delete can't get a look in. What we do instead is: (1) if there's nothing in the slow work queue, we sleep until either the dying object has finished dying or there is something in the slow work queue behind which we can queue our object. (2) if there is something in the slow work queue, we return ETIMEDOUT to fscache_lookup_object(), which then puts us back on the slow work queue, presumably behind the deletion that we're blocked by. We are then deferred for a while until we work our way back through the queue - without blocking a slow-work thread unnecessarily. A backtrace similar to the following may appear in the log without this patch: INFO: task kslowd004:5711 blocked for more than 120 seconds. "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message. kslowd004 D 0000000000000000 0 5711 2 0x00000080 ffff88000340bb80 0000000000000046 ffff88002550d000 0000000000000000 ffff88002550d000 0000000000000007 ffff88000340bfd8 ffff88002550d2a8 000000000000ddf0 00000000000118c0 00000000000118c0 ffff88002550d2a8 Call Trace: [<ffffffff81058e21>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0xf [<ffffffffa011c4d8>] ? cachefiles_wait_bit+0x0/0xd [cachefiles] [<ffffffffa011c4e1>] cachefiles_wait_bit+0x9/0xd [cachefiles] [<ffffffff81353153>] __wait_on_bit+0x43/0x76 [<ffffffff8111ae39>] ? ext3_xattr_get+0x1ec/0x270 [<ffffffff813531ef>] out_of_line_wait_on_bit+0x69/0x74 [<ffffffffa011c4d8>] ? cachefiles_wait_bit+0x0/0xd [cachefiles] [<ffffffff8104c125>] ? wake_bit_function+0x0/0x2e [<ffffffffa011bc79>] cachefiles_mark_object_active+0x203/0x23b [cachefiles] [<ffffffffa011c209>] cachefiles_walk_to_object+0x558/0x827 [cachefiles] [<ffffffffa011a429>] cachefiles_lookup_object+0xac/0x12a [cachefiles] [<ffffffffa00aa1e9>] fscache_lookup_object+0x1c7/0x214 [fscache] [<ffffffffa00aafc5>] fscache_object_state_machine+0xa5/0x52d [fscache] [<ffffffffa00ab4ac>] fscache_object_slow_work_execute+0x5f/0xa0 [fscache] [<ffffffff81082093>] slow_work_execute+0x18f/0x2d1 [<ffffffff8108239a>] slow_work_thread+0x1c5/0x308 [<ffffffff8104c0f1>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x34 [<ffffffff810821d5>] ? slow_work_thread+0x0/0x308 [<ffffffff8104be91>] kthread+0x7a/0x82 [<ffffffff8100beda>] child_rip+0xa/0x20 [<ffffffff8100b87c>] ? restore_args+0x0/0x30 [<ffffffff8104be17>] ? kthread+0x0/0x82 [<ffffffff8100bed0>] ? child_rip+0x0/0x20 1 lock held by kslowd004/5711: #0: (&sb->s_type->i_mutex_key#7/1){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffffa011be64>] cachefiles_walk_to_object+0x1b3/0x827 [cachefiles] Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2009-11-19CacheFiles: Better showing of debugging information in active object problemsDavid Howells
Show more debugging information if cachefiles_mark_object_active() is asked to activate an active object. This may happen, for instance, if the netfs tries to register an object with the same key multiple times. The code is changed to (a) get the appropriate object lock to protect the cookie pointer whilst we dereference it, and (b) get and display the cookie key if available. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2009-11-19CacheFiles: Mark parent directory locks as I_MUTEX_PARENT to keep lockdep happyDavid Howells
Mark parent directory locks as I_MUTEX_PARENT in the callers of cachefiles_bury_object() so that lockdep doesn't complain when that invokes vfs_unlink(): ============================================= [ INFO: possible recursive locking detected ] 2.6.32-rc6-cachefs #47 --------------------------------------------- kslowd002/3089 is trying to acquire lock: (&sb->s_type->i_mutex_key#7){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffff810bbf72>] vfs_unlink+0x8b/0x128 but task is already holding lock: (&sb->s_type->i_mutex_key#7){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffffa00e4e61>] cachefiles_walk_to_object+0x1b0/0x831 [cachefiles] other info that might help us debug this: 1 lock held by kslowd002/3089: #0: (&sb->s_type->i_mutex_key#7){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffffa00e4e61>] cachefiles_walk_to_object+0x1b0/0x831 [cachefiles] stack backtrace: Pid: 3089, comm: kslowd002 Not tainted 2.6.32-rc6-cachefs #47 Call Trace: [<ffffffff8105ad7b>] __lock_acquire+0x1649/0x16e3 [<ffffffff8118170e>] ? inode_has_perm+0x5f/0x61 [<ffffffff8105ae6c>] lock_acquire+0x57/0x6d [<ffffffff810bbf72>] ? vfs_unlink+0x8b/0x128 [<ffffffff81353ac3>] mutex_lock_nested+0x54/0x292 [<ffffffff810bbf72>] ? vfs_unlink+0x8b/0x128 [<ffffffff8118179e>] ? selinux_inode_permission+0x8e/0x90 [<ffffffff8117e271>] ? security_inode_permission+0x1c/0x1e [<ffffffff810bb4fb>] ? inode_permission+0x99/0xa5 [<ffffffff810bbf72>] vfs_unlink+0x8b/0x128 [<ffffffff810adb19>] ? kfree+0xed/0xf9 [<ffffffffa00e3f00>] cachefiles_bury_object+0xb6/0x420 [cachefiles] [<ffffffff81058e21>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0xf [<ffffffffa00e7e24>] ? cachefiles_check_object_xattr+0x233/0x293 [cachefiles] [<ffffffffa00e51b0>] cachefiles_walk_to_object+0x4ff/0x831 [cachefiles] [<ffffffff81032238>] ? finish_task_switch+0x0/0xb2 [<ffffffffa00e3429>] cachefiles_lookup_object+0xac/0x12a [cachefiles] [<ffffffffa00741e9>] fscache_lookup_object+0x1c7/0x214 [fscache] [<ffffffffa0074fc5>] fscache_object_state_machine+0xa5/0x52d [fscache] [<ffffffffa00754ac>] fscache_object_slow_work_execute+0x5f/0xa0 [fscache] [<ffffffff81082093>] slow_work_execute+0x18f/0x2d1 [<ffffffff8108239a>] slow_work_thread+0x1c5/0x308 [<ffffffff8104c0f1>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x34 [<ffffffff810821d5>] ? slow_work_thread+0x0/0x308 [<ffffffff8104be91>] kthread+0x7a/0x82 [<ffffffff8100beda>] child_rip+0xa/0x20 [<ffffffff8100b87c>] ? restore_args+0x0/0x30 [<ffffffff8104be17>] ? kthread+0x0/0x82 [<ffffffff8100bed0>] ? child_rip+0x0/0x20 Signed-off-by: Daivd Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2009-11-19CacheFiles: Handle truncate unlocking the page we're readingDavid Howells
Handle truncate unlocking the page we're attempting to read from the backing device before the read has completed. This was causing reports like the following to occur: Pid: 4765, comm: kslowd Not tainted #1 Call Trace: [<ffffffffa0331d7a>] ? cachefiles_read_waiter+0xd9/0x147 [cachefiles] [<ffffffff804b74bd>] ? __wait_on_bit+0x60/0x6f [<ffffffff8022bbbb>] ? __wake_up_common+0x3f/0x71 [<ffffffff8022cc32>] ? __wake_up+0x30/0x44 [<ffffffff8024a41f>] ? __wake_up_bit+0x28/0x2d [<ffffffffa003a793>] ? ext3_truncate+0x4d7/0x8ed [ext3] [<ffffffff80281f90>] ? pagevec_lookup+0x17/0x1f [<ffffffff8028c2ff>] ? unmap_mapping_range+0x59/0x1ff [<ffffffff8022cc32>] ? __wake_up+0x30/0x44 [<ffffffff8028e286>] ? vmtruncate+0xc2/0xe2 [<ffffffff802b82cf>] ? inode_setattr+0x22/0x10a [<ffffffffa003baa5>] ? ext3_setattr+0x17b/0x1e6 [ext3] [<ffffffff802b853d>] ? notify_change+0x186/0x2c9 [<ffffffffa032d9de>] ? cachefiles_attr_changed+0x133/0x1cd [cachefiles] [<ffffffffa032df7f>] ? cachefiles_lookup_object+0xcf/0x12a [cachefiles] [<ffffffffa0318165>] ? fscache_lookup_object+0x110/0x122 [fscache] [<ffffffffa03188c3>] ? fscache_object_slow_work_execute+0x590/0x6bc [fscache] [<ffffffff80278f82>] ? slow_work_thread+0x285/0x43a [<ffffffff8024a446>] ? autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x2e [<ffffffff80278cfd>] ? slow_work_thread+0x0/0x43a [<ffffffff8024a317>] ? kthread+0x54/0x81 [<ffffffff8020c93a>] ? child_rip+0xa/0x20 [<ffffffff8024a2c3>] ? kthread+0x0/0x81 [<ffffffff8020c930>] ? child_rip+0x0/0x20 CacheFiles: I/O Error: Readpage failed on backing file 200000000000810 FS-Cache: Cache cachefiles stopped due to I/O error Reported-by: Christian Kujau <lists@nerdbynature.de> Reported-by: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> Reported-by: Duc Le Minh <duclm.vn@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2009-11-19CacheFiles: Don't write a full page if there's only a partial page to cacheDavid Howells
cachefiles_write_page() writes a full page to the backing file for the last page of the netfs file, even if the netfs file's last page is only a partial page. This causes the EOF on the backing file to be extended beyond the EOF of the netfs, and thus the backing file will be truncated by cachefiles_attr_changed() called from cachefiles_lookup_object(). So we need to limit the write we make to the backing file on that last page such that it doesn't push the EOF too far. Also, if a backing file that has a partial page at the end is expanded, we discard the partial page and refetch it on the basis that we then have a hole in the file with invalid data, and should the power go out... A better way to deal with this could be to record a note that the partial page contains invalid data until the correct data is written into it. This isn't a problem for netfs's that discard the whole backing file if the file size changes (such as NFS). Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2009-11-19FS-Cache: Allow the current state of all objects to be dumpedDavid Howells
Allow the current state of all fscache objects to be dumped by doing: cat /proc/fs/fscache/objects By default, all objects and all fields will be shown. This can be restricted by adding a suitable key to one of the caller's keyrings (such as the session keyring): keyctl add user fscache:objlist "<restrictions>" @s The <restrictions> are: K Show hexdump of object key (don't show if not given) A Show hexdump of object aux data (don't show if not given) And paired restrictions: C Show objects that have a cookie c Show objects that don't have a cookie B Show objects that are busy b Show objects that aren't busy W Show objects that have pending writes w Show objects that don't have pending writes R Show objects that have outstanding reads r Show objects that don't have outstanding reads S Show objects that have slow work queued s Show objects that don't have slow work queued If neither side of a restriction pair is given, then both are implied. For example: keyctl add user fscache:objlist KB @s shows objects that are busy, and lists their object keys, but does not dump their auxiliary data. It also implies "CcWwRrSs", but as 'B' is given, 'b' is not implied. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2009-06-11enforce ->sync_fs is only called for rw superblockChristoph Hellwig
Make sure a superblock really is writeable by checking MS_RDONLY under s_umount. sync_filesystems needed some re-arragement for that, but all but one sync_filesystem caller had the correct locking already so that we could add that check there. cachefiles grew s_umount locking. I've also added a WARN_ON to sync_filesystem to assert this for future callers. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2009-06-11vfs: Rename fsync_super() to sync_filesystem() (version 4)Jan Kara
Rename the function so that it better describe what it really does. Also remove the unnecessary include of buffer_head.h. Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2009-05-27CacheFiles: Fixup renamed filenames in comments in internal.hDavid Howells
Fix up renamed filenames in comments in fs/cachefiles/internal.h. Originally, the files were all called cf-xxx.c, but they got renamed to just xxx.c. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-04-03CacheFiles: A cache that backs onto a mounted filesystemDavid Howells
Add an FS-Cache cache-backend that permits a mounted filesystem to be used as a backing store for the cache. CacheFiles uses a userspace daemon to do some of the cache management - such as reaping stale nodes and culling. This is called cachefilesd and lives in /sbin. The source for the daemon can be downloaded from: http://people.redhat.com/~dhowells/cachefs/cachefilesd.c And an example configuration from: http://people.redhat.com/~dhowells/cachefs/cachefilesd.conf The filesystem and data integrity of the cache are only as good as those of the filesystem providing the backing services. Note that CacheFiles does not attempt to journal anything since the journalling interfaces of the various filesystems are very specific in nature. CacheFiles creates a misc character device - "/dev/cachefiles" - that is used to communication with the daemon. Only one thing may have this open at once, and whilst it is open, a cache is at least partially in existence. The daemon opens this and sends commands down it to control the cache. CacheFiles is currently limited to a single cache. CacheFiles attempts to maintain at least a certain percentage of free space on the filesystem, shrinking the cache by culling the objects it contains to make space if necessary - see the "Cache Culling" section. This means it can be placed on the same medium as a live set of data, and will expand to make use of spare space and automatically contract when the set of data requires more space. ============ REQUIREMENTS ============ The use of CacheFiles and its daemon requires the following features to be available in the system and in the cache filesystem: - dnotify. - extended attributes (xattrs). - openat() and friends. - bmap() support on files in the filesystem (FIBMAP ioctl). - The use of bmap() to detect a partial page at the end of the file. It is strongly recommended that the "dir_index" option is enabled on Ext3 filesystems being used as a cache. ============= CONFIGURATION ============= The cache is configured by a script in /etc/cachefilesd.conf. These commands set up cache ready for use. The following script commands are available: (*) brun <N>% (*) bcull <N>% (*) bstop <N>% (*) frun <N>% (*) fcull <N>% (*) fstop <N>% Configure the culling limits. Optional. See the section on culling The defaults are 7% (run), 5% (cull) and 1% (stop) respectively. The commands beginning with a 'b' are file space (block) limits, those beginning with an 'f' are file count limits. (*) dir <path> Specify the directory containing the root of the cache. Mandatory. (*) tag <name> Specify a tag to FS-Cache to use in distinguishing multiple caches. Optional. The default is "CacheFiles". (*) debug <mask> Specify a numeric bitmask to control debugging in the kernel module. Optional. The default is zero (all off). The following values can be OR'd into the mask to collect various information: 1 Turn on trace of function entry (_enter() macros) 2 Turn on trace of function exit (_leave() macros) 4 Turn on trace of internal debug points (_debug()) This mask can also be set through sysfs, eg: echo 5 >/sys/modules/cachefiles/parameters/debug ================== STARTING THE CACHE ================== The cache is started by running the daemon. The daemon opens the cache device, configures the cache and tells it to begin caching. At that point the cache binds to fscache and the cache becomes live. The daemon is run as follows: /sbin/cachefilesd [-d]* [-s] [-n] [-f <configfile>] The flags are: (*) -d Increase the debugging level. This can be specified multiple times and is cumulative with itself. (*) -s Send messages to stderr instead of syslog. (*) -n Don't daemonise and go into background. (*) -f <configfile> Use an alternative configuration file rather than the default one. =============== THINGS TO AVOID =============== Do not mount other things within the cache as this will cause problems. The kernel module contains its own very cut-down path walking facility that ignores mountpoints, but the daemon can't avoid them. Do not create, rename or unlink files and directories in the cache whilst the cache is active, as this may cause the state to become uncertain. Renaming files in the cache might make objects appear to be other objects (the filename is part of the lookup key). Do not change or remove the extended attributes attached to cache files by the cache as this will cause the cache state management to get confused. Do not create files or directories in the cache, lest the cache get confused or serve incorrect data. Do not chmod files in the cache. The module creates things with minimal permissions to prevent random users being able to access them directly. ============= CACHE CULLING ============= The cache may need culling occasionally to make space. This involves discarding objects from the cache that have been used less recently than anything else. Culling is based on the access time of data objects. Empty directories are culled if not in use. Cache culling is done on the basis of the percentage of blocks and the percentage of files available in the underlying filesystem. There are six "limits": (*) brun (*) frun If the amount of free space and the number of available files in the cache rises above both these limits, then culling is turned off. (*) bcull (*) fcull If the amount of available space or the number of available files in the cache falls below either of these limits, then culling is started. (*) bstop (*) fstop If the amount of available space or the number of available files in the cache falls below either of these limits, then no further allocation of disk space or files is permitted until culling has raised things above these limits again. These must be configured thusly: 0 <= bstop < bcull < brun < 100 0 <= fstop < fcull < frun < 100 Note that these are percentages of available space and available files, and do _not_ appear as 100 minus the percentage displayed by the "df" program. The userspace daemon scans the cache to build up a table of cullable objects. These are then culled in least recently used order. A new scan of the cache is started as soon as space is made in the table. Objects will be skipped if their atimes have changed or if the kernel module says it is still using them. =============== CACHE STRUCTURE =============== The CacheFiles module will create two directories in the directory it was given: (*) cache/ (*) graveyard/ The active cache objects all reside in the first directory. The CacheFiles kernel module moves any retired or culled objects that it can't simply unlink to the graveyard from which the daemon will actually delete them. The daemon uses dnotify to monitor the graveyard directory, and will delete anything that appears therein. The module represents index objects as directories with the filename "I..." or "J...". Note that the "cache/" directory is itself a special index. Data objects are represented as files if they have no children, or directories if they do. Their filenames all begin "D..." or "E...". If represented as a directory, data objects will have a file in the directory called "data" that actually holds the data. Special objects are similar to data objects, except their filenames begin "S..." or "T...". If an object has children, then it will be represented as a directory. Immediately in the representative directory are a collection of directories named for hash values of the child object keys with an '@' prepended. Into this directory, if possible, will be placed the representations of the child objects: INDEX INDEX INDEX DATA FILES ========= ========== ================================= ================ cache/@4a/I03nfs/@30/Ji000000000000000--fHg8hi8400 cache/@4a/I03nfs/@30/Ji000000000000000--fHg8hi8400/@75/Es0g000w...DB1ry cache/@4a/I03nfs/@30/Ji000000000000000--fHg8hi8400/@75/Es0g000w...N22ry cache/@4a/I03nfs/@30/Ji000000000000000--fHg8hi8400/@75/Es0g000w...FP1ry If the key is so long that it exceeds NAME_MAX with the decorations added on to it, then it will be cut into pieces, the first few of which will be used to make a nest of directories, and the last one of which will be the objects inside the last directory. The names of the intermediate directories will have '+' prepended: J1223/@23/+xy...z/+kl...m/Epqr Note that keys are raw data, and not only may they exceed NAME_MAX in size, they may also contain things like '/' and NUL characters, and so they may not be suitable for turning directly into a filename. To handle this, CacheFiles will use a suitably printable filename directly and "base-64" encode ones that aren't directly suitable. The two versions of object filenames indicate the encoding: OBJECT TYPE PRINTABLE ENCODED =============== =============== =============== Index "I..." "J..." Data "D..." "E..." Special "S..." "T..." Intermediate directories are always "@" or "+" as appropriate. Each object in the cache has an extended attribute label that holds the object type ID (required to distinguish special objects) and the auxiliary data from the netfs. The latter is used to detect stale objects in the cache and update or retire them. Note that CacheFiles will erase from the cache any file it doesn't recognise or any file of an incorrect type (such as a FIFO file or a device file). ========================== SECURITY MODEL AND SELINUX ========================== CacheFiles is implemented to deal properly with the LSM security features of the Linux kernel and the SELinux facility. One of the problems that CacheFiles faces is that it is generally acting on behalf of a process, and running in that process's context, and that includes a security context that is not appropriate for accessing the cache - either because the files in the cache are inaccessible to that process, or because if the process creates a file in the cache, that file may be inaccessible to other processes. The way CacheFiles works is to temporarily change the security context (fsuid, fsgid and actor security label) that the process acts as - without changing the security context of the process when it the target of an operation performed by some other process (so signalling and suchlike still work correctly). When the CacheFiles module is asked to bind to its cache, it: (1) Finds the security label attached to the root cache directory and uses that as the security label with which it will create files. By default, this is: cachefiles_var_t (2) Finds the security label of the process which issued the bind request (presumed to be the cachefilesd daemon), which by default will be: cachefilesd_t and asks LSM to supply a security ID as which it should act given the daemon's label. By default, this will be: cachefiles_kernel_t SELinux transitions the daemon's security ID to the module's security ID based on a rule of this form in the policy. type_transition <daemon's-ID> kernel_t : process <module's-ID>; For instance: type_transition cachefilesd_t kernel_t : process cachefiles_kernel_t; The module's security ID gives it permission to create, move and remove files and directories in the cache, to find and access directories and files in the cache, to set and access extended attributes on cache objects, and to read and write files in the cache. The daemon's security ID gives it only a very restricted set of permissions: it may scan directories, stat files and erase files and directories. It may not read or write files in the cache, and so it is precluded from accessing the data cached therein; nor is it permitted to create new files in the cache. There are policy source files available in: http://people.redhat.com/~dhowells/fscache/cachefilesd-0.8.tar.bz2 and later versions. In that tarball, see the files: cachefilesd.te cachefilesd.fc cachefilesd.if They are built and installed directly by the RPM. If a non-RPM based system is being used, then copy the above files to their own directory and run: make -f /usr/share/selinux/devel/Makefile semodule -i cachefilesd.pp You will need checkpolicy and selinux-policy-devel installed prior to the build. By default, the cache is located in /var/fscache, but if it is desirable that it should be elsewhere, than either the above policy files must be altered, or an auxiliary policy must be installed to label the alternate location of the cache. For instructions on how to add an auxiliary policy to enable the cache to be located elsewhere when SELinux is in enforcing mode, please see: /usr/share/doc/cachefilesd-*/move-cache.txt When the cachefilesd rpm is installed; alternatively, the document can be found in the sources. ================== A NOTE ON SECURITY ================== CacheFiles makes use of the split security in the task_struct. It allocates its own task_security structure, and redirects current->act_as to point to it when it acts on behalf of another process, in that process's context. The reason it does this is that it calls vfs_mkdir() and suchlike rather than bypassing security and calling inode ops directly. Therefore the VFS and LSM may deny the CacheFiles access to the cache data because under some circumstances the caching code is running in the security context of whatever process issued the original syscall on the netfs. Furthermore, should CacheFiles create a file or directory, the security parameters with that object is created (UID, GID, security label) would be derived from that process that issued the system call, thus potentially preventing other processes from accessing the cache - including CacheFiles's cache management daemon (cachefilesd). What is required is to temporarily override the security of the process that issued the system call. We can't, however, just do an in-place change of the security data as that affects the process as an object, not just as a subject. This means it may lose signals or ptrace events for example, and affects what the process looks like in /proc. So CacheFiles makes use of a logical split in the security between the objective security (task->sec) and the subjective security (task->act_as). The objective security holds the intrinsic security properties of a process and is never overridden. This is what appears in /proc, and is what is used when a process is the target of an operation by some other process (SIGKILL for example). The subjective security holds the active security properties of a process, and may be overridden. This is not seen externally, and is used whan a process acts upon another object, for example SIGKILLing another process or opening a file. LSM hooks exist that allow SELinux (or Smack or whatever) to reject a request for CacheFiles to run in a context of a specific security label, or to create files and directories with another security label. This documentation is added by the patch to: Documentation/filesystems/caching/cachefiles.txt Signed-Off-By: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Steve Dickson <steved@redhat.com> Acked-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Acked-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Tested-by: Daire Byrne <Daire.Byrne@framestore.com>