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-rw-r--r--Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt21
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/irq_vectors.h4
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h6
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S1
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/traps.c6
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S33
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c79
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_emu_64.S36
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/mm/fault.c12
10 files changed, 111 insertions, 89 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index aa47be71df4..9cfd6bb9198 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -2657,6 +2657,27 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
vmpoff= [KNL,S390] Perform z/VM CP command after power off.
Format: <command>
+ vsyscall= [X86-64]
+ Controls the behavior of vsyscalls (i.e. calls to
+ fixed addresses of 0xffffffffff600x00 from legacy
+ code). Most statically-linked binaries and older
+ versions of glibc use these calls. Because these
+ functions are at fixed addresses, they make nice
+ targets for exploits that can control RIP.
+
+ emulate [default] Vsyscalls turn into traps and are
+ emulated reasonably safely.
+
+ native Vsyscalls are native syscall instructions.
+ This is a little bit faster than trapping
+ and makes a few dynamic recompilers work
+ better than they would in emulation mode.
+ It also makes exploits much easier to write.
+
+ none Vsyscalls don't work at all. This makes
+ them quite hard to use for exploits but
+ might break your system.
+
vt.cur_default= [VT] Default cursor shape.
Format: 0xCCBBAA, where AA, BB, and CC are the same as
the parameters of the <Esc>[?A;B;Cc escape sequence;
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/irq_vectors.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/irq_vectors.h
index a563c509edc..2c224e183b5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/irq_vectors.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/irq_vectors.h
@@ -17,7 +17,6 @@
* Vectors 0 ... 31 : system traps and exceptions - hardcoded events
* Vectors 32 ... 127 : device interrupts
* Vector 128 : legacy int80 syscall interface
- * Vector 204 : legacy x86_64 vsyscall emulation
* Vectors 129 ... INVALIDATE_TLB_VECTOR_START-1 except 204 : device interrupts
* Vectors INVALIDATE_TLB_VECTOR_START ... 255 : special interrupts
*
@@ -51,9 +50,6 @@
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
# define SYSCALL_VECTOR 0x80
#endif
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-# define VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR 0xcc
-#endif
/*
* Vectors 0x30-0x3f are used for ISA interrupts.
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h
index 2bae0a513b4..0012d0902c5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h
@@ -40,7 +40,6 @@ asmlinkage void alignment_check(void);
asmlinkage void machine_check(void);
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_MCE */
asmlinkage void simd_coprocessor_error(void);
-asmlinkage void emulate_vsyscall(void);
dotraplinkage void do_divide_error(struct pt_regs *, long);
dotraplinkage void do_debug(struct pt_regs *, long);
@@ -67,7 +66,6 @@ dotraplinkage void do_alignment_check(struct pt_regs *, long);
dotraplinkage void do_machine_check(struct pt_regs *, long);
#endif
dotraplinkage void do_simd_coprocessor_error(struct pt_regs *, long);
-dotraplinkage void do_emulate_vsyscall(struct pt_regs *, long);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
dotraplinkage void do_iret_error(struct pt_regs *, long);
#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h
index 60107072c28..eaea1d31f75 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h
@@ -27,6 +27,12 @@ extern struct timezone sys_tz;
extern void map_vsyscall(void);
+/*
+ * Called on instruction fetch fault in vsyscall page.
+ * Returns true if handled.
+ */
+extern bool emulate_vsyscall(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address);
+
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* _ASM_X86_VSYSCALL_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
index e949793d6b9..46792d90001 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
@@ -1123,7 +1123,6 @@ zeroentry spurious_interrupt_bug do_spurious_interrupt_bug
zeroentry coprocessor_error do_coprocessor_error
errorentry alignment_check do_alignment_check
zeroentry simd_coprocessor_error do_simd_coprocessor_error
-zeroentry emulate_vsyscall do_emulate_vsyscall
/* Reload gs selector with exception handling */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
index fbc097a085c..b9b67166f9d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
@@ -872,12 +872,6 @@ void __init trap_init(void)
set_bit(SYSCALL_VECTOR, used_vectors);
#endif
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
- BUG_ON(test_bit(VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR, used_vectors));
- set_system_intr_gate(VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR, &emulate_vsyscall);
- set_bit(VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR, used_vectors);
-#endif
-
/*
* Should be a barrier for any external CPU state:
*/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index 8f3a265476d..0f703f10901 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -71,7 +71,6 @@ PHDRS {
text PT_LOAD FLAGS(5); /* R_E */
data PT_LOAD FLAGS(6); /* RW_ */
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
- user PT_LOAD FLAGS(5); /* R_E */
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
percpu PT_LOAD FLAGS(6); /* RW_ */
#endif
@@ -174,38 +173,6 @@ SECTIONS
. = ALIGN(__vvar_page + PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);
-#define VSYSCALL_ADDR (-10*1024*1024)
-
-#define VLOAD_OFFSET (VSYSCALL_ADDR - __vsyscall_0 + LOAD_OFFSET)
-#define VLOAD(x) (ADDR(x) - VLOAD_OFFSET)
-
-#define VVIRT_OFFSET (VSYSCALL_ADDR - __vsyscall_0)
-#define VVIRT(x) (ADDR(x) - VVIRT_OFFSET)
-
- __vsyscall_0 = .;
-
- . = VSYSCALL_ADDR;
- .vsyscall : AT(VLOAD(.vsyscall)) {
- /* work around gold bug 13023 */
- __vsyscall_beginning_hack = .;
- *(.vsyscall_0)
-
- . = __vsyscall_beginning_hack + 1024;
- *(.vsyscall_1)
-
- . = __vsyscall_beginning_hack + 2048;
- *(.vsyscall_2)
-
- . = __vsyscall_beginning_hack + 4096; /* Pad the whole page. */
- } :user =0xcc
- . = ALIGN(__vsyscall_0 + PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);
-
-#undef VSYSCALL_ADDR
-#undef VLOAD_OFFSET
-#undef VLOAD
-#undef VVIRT_OFFSET
-#undef VVIRT
-
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
/* Init code and data - will be freed after init */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c
index bf8e9ffee6e..18ae83dd1cd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c
@@ -56,6 +56,27 @@ DEFINE_VVAR(struct vsyscall_gtod_data, vsyscall_gtod_data) =
.lock = __SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED(__vsyscall_gtod_data.lock),
};
+static enum { EMULATE, NATIVE, NONE } vsyscall_mode = EMULATE;
+
+static int __init vsyscall_setup(char *str)
+{
+ if (str) {
+ if (!strcmp("emulate", str))
+ vsyscall_mode = EMULATE;
+ else if (!strcmp("native", str))
+ vsyscall_mode = NATIVE;
+ else if (!strcmp("none", str))
+ vsyscall_mode = NONE;
+ else
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+early_param("vsyscall", vsyscall_setup);
+
void update_vsyscall_tz(void)
{
unsigned long flags;
@@ -100,7 +121,7 @@ static void warn_bad_vsyscall(const char *level, struct pt_regs *regs,
printk("%s%s[%d] %s ip:%lx cs:%lx sp:%lx ax:%lx si:%lx di:%lx\n",
level, tsk->comm, task_pid_nr(tsk),
- message, regs->ip - 2, regs->cs,
+ message, regs->ip, regs->cs,
regs->sp, regs->ax, regs->si, regs->di);
}
@@ -118,45 +139,39 @@ static int addr_to_vsyscall_nr(unsigned long addr)
return nr;
}
-void dotraplinkage do_emulate_vsyscall(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
+bool emulate_vsyscall(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address)
{
struct task_struct *tsk;
unsigned long caller;
int vsyscall_nr;
long ret;
- local_irq_enable();
+ /*
+ * No point in checking CS -- the only way to get here is a user mode
+ * trap to a high address, which means that we're in 64-bit user code.
+ */
- if (!user_64bit_mode(regs)) {
- /*
- * If we trapped from kernel mode, we might as well OOPS now
- * instead of returning to some random address and OOPSing
- * then.
- */
- BUG_ON(!user_mode(regs));
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(address != regs->ip);
- /* Compat mode and non-compat 32-bit CS should both segfault. */
- warn_bad_vsyscall(KERN_WARNING, regs,
- "illegal int 0xcc from 32-bit mode");
- goto sigsegv;
+ if (vsyscall_mode == NONE) {
+ warn_bad_vsyscall(KERN_INFO, regs,
+ "vsyscall attempted with vsyscall=none");
+ return false;
}
- /*
- * x86-ism here: regs->ip points to the instruction after the int 0xcc,
- * and int 0xcc is two bytes long.
- */
- vsyscall_nr = addr_to_vsyscall_nr(regs->ip - 2);
+ vsyscall_nr = addr_to_vsyscall_nr(address);
trace_emulate_vsyscall(vsyscall_nr);
if (vsyscall_nr < 0) {
warn_bad_vsyscall(KERN_WARNING, regs,
- "illegal int 0xcc (exploit attempt?)");
+ "misaligned vsyscall (exploit attempt or buggy program) -- look up the vsyscall kernel parameter if you need a workaround");
goto sigsegv;
}
if (get_user(caller, (unsigned long __user *)regs->sp) != 0) {
- warn_bad_vsyscall(KERN_WARNING, regs, "int 0xcc with bad stack (exploit attempt?)");
+ warn_bad_vsyscall(KERN_WARNING, regs,
+ "vsyscall with bad stack (exploit attempt?)");
goto sigsegv;
}
@@ -201,13 +216,11 @@ void dotraplinkage do_emulate_vsyscall(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
regs->ip = caller;
regs->sp += 8;
- local_irq_disable();
- return;
+ return true;
sigsegv:
- regs->ip -= 2; /* The faulting instruction should be the int 0xcc. */
force_sig(SIGSEGV, current);
- local_irq_disable();
+ return true;
}
/*
@@ -255,15 +268,21 @@ cpu_vsyscall_notifier(struct notifier_block *n, unsigned long action, void *arg)
void __init map_vsyscall(void)
{
- extern char __vsyscall_0;
- unsigned long physaddr_page0 = __pa_symbol(&__vsyscall_0);
+ extern char __vsyscall_page;
+ unsigned long physaddr_vsyscall = __pa_symbol(&__vsyscall_page);
extern char __vvar_page;
unsigned long physaddr_vvar_page = __pa_symbol(&__vvar_page);
- /* Note that VSYSCALL_MAPPED_PAGES must agree with the code below. */
- __set_fixmap(VSYSCALL_FIRST_PAGE, physaddr_page0, PAGE_KERNEL_VSYSCALL);
+ __set_fixmap(VSYSCALL_FIRST_PAGE, physaddr_vsyscall,
+ vsyscall_mode == NATIVE
+ ? PAGE_KERNEL_VSYSCALL
+ : PAGE_KERNEL_VVAR);
+ BUILD_BUG_ON((unsigned long)__fix_to_virt(VSYSCALL_FIRST_PAGE) !=
+ (unsigned long)VSYSCALL_START);
+
__set_fixmap(VVAR_PAGE, physaddr_vvar_page, PAGE_KERNEL_VVAR);
- BUILD_BUG_ON((unsigned long)__fix_to_virt(VVAR_PAGE) != (unsigned long)VVAR_ADDRESS);
+ BUILD_BUG_ON((unsigned long)__fix_to_virt(VVAR_PAGE) !=
+ (unsigned long)VVAR_ADDRESS);
}
static int __init vsyscall_init(void)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_emu_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_emu_64.S
index ffa845eae5c..c9596a9af15 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_emu_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_emu_64.S
@@ -7,21 +7,31 @@
*/
#include <linux/linkage.h>
+
#include <asm/irq_vectors.h>
+#include <asm/page_types.h>
+#include <asm/unistd_64.h>
+
+__PAGE_ALIGNED_DATA
+ .globl __vsyscall_page
+ .balign PAGE_SIZE, 0xcc
+ .type __vsyscall_page, @object
+__vsyscall_page:
+
+ mov $__NR_gettimeofday, %rax
+ syscall
+ ret
-/* The unused parts of the page are filled with 0xcc by the linker script. */
+ .balign 1024, 0xcc
+ mov $__NR_time, %rax
+ syscall
+ ret
-.section .vsyscall_0, "a"
-ENTRY(vsyscall_0)
- int $VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR
-END(vsyscall_0)
+ .balign 1024, 0xcc
+ mov $__NR_getcpu, %rax
+ syscall
+ ret
-.section .vsyscall_1, "a"
-ENTRY(vsyscall_1)
- int $VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR
-END(vsyscall_1)
+ .balign 4096, 0xcc
-.section .vsyscall_2, "a"
-ENTRY(vsyscall_2)
- int $VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR
-END(vsyscall_2)
+ .size __vsyscall_page, 4096
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
index c1d018238f3..e58935c25b9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
@@ -720,6 +720,18 @@ __bad_area_nosemaphore(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code,
if (is_errata100(regs, address))
return;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ /*
+ * Instruction fetch faults in the vsyscall page might need
+ * emulation.
+ */
+ if (unlikely((error_code & PF_INSTR) &&
+ ((address & ~0xfff) == VSYSCALL_START))) {
+ if (emulate_vsyscall(regs, address))
+ return;
+ }
+#endif
+
if (unlikely(show_unhandled_signals))
show_signal_msg(regs, error_code, address, tsk);