aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
-rw-r--r--mm/Kconfig3
-rw-r--r--mm/gup.c354
2 files changed, 357 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
index 886db215853..0ceb8a567da 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -137,6 +137,9 @@ config HAVE_MEMBLOCK_NODE_MAP
config HAVE_MEMBLOCK_PHYS_MAP
boolean
+config HAVE_GENERIC_RCU_GUP
+ boolean
+
config ARCH_DISCARD_MEMBLOCK
boolean
diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index 91d044b1600..35c01602d47 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -10,6 +10,10 @@
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/swapops.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/rwsem.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+
#include "internal.h"
static struct page *no_page_table(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
@@ -672,3 +676,353 @@ struct page *get_dump_page(unsigned long addr)
return page;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_ELF_CORE */
+
+/**
+ * Generic RCU Fast GUP
+ *
+ * get_user_pages_fast attempts to pin user pages by walking the page
+ * tables directly and avoids taking locks. Thus the walker needs to be
+ * protected from page table pages being freed from under it, and should
+ * block any THP splits.
+ *
+ * One way to achieve this is to have the walker disable interrupts, and
+ * rely on IPIs from the TLB flushing code blocking before the page table
+ * pages are freed. This is unsuitable for architectures that do not need
+ * to broadcast an IPI when invalidating TLBs.
+ *
+ * Another way to achieve this is to batch up page table containing pages
+ * belonging to more than one mm_user, then rcu_sched a callback to free those
+ * pages. Disabling interrupts will allow the fast_gup walker to both block
+ * the rcu_sched callback, and an IPI that we broadcast for splitting THPs
+ * (which is a relatively rare event). The code below adopts this strategy.
+ *
+ * Before activating this code, please be aware that the following assumptions
+ * are currently made:
+ *
+ * *) HAVE_RCU_TABLE_FREE is enabled, and tlb_remove_table is used to free
+ * pages containing page tables.
+ *
+ * *) THP splits will broadcast an IPI, this can be achieved by overriding
+ * pmdp_splitting_flush.
+ *
+ * *) ptes can be read atomically by the architecture.
+ *
+ * *) access_ok is sufficient to validate userspace address ranges.
+ *
+ * The last two assumptions can be relaxed by the addition of helper functions.
+ *
+ * This code is based heavily on the PowerPC implementation by Nick Piggin.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_GENERIC_RCU_GUP
+
+#ifdef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SPECIAL
+static int gup_pte_range(pmd_t pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
+ int write, struct page **pages, int *nr)
+{
+ pte_t *ptep, *ptem;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ ptem = ptep = pte_offset_map(&pmd, addr);
+ do {
+ /*
+ * In the line below we are assuming that the pte can be read
+ * atomically. If this is not the case for your architecture,
+ * please wrap this in a helper function!
+ *
+ * for an example see gup_get_pte in arch/x86/mm/gup.c
+ */
+ pte_t pte = ACCESS_ONCE(*ptep);
+ struct page *page;
+
+ /*
+ * Similar to the PMD case below, NUMA hinting must take slow
+ * path
+ */
+ if (!pte_present(pte) || pte_special(pte) ||
+ pte_numa(pte) || (write && !pte_write(pte)))
+ goto pte_unmap;
+
+ VM_BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(pte)));
+ page = pte_page(pte);
+
+ if (!page_cache_get_speculative(page))
+ goto pte_unmap;
+
+ if (unlikely(pte_val(pte) != pte_val(*ptep))) {
+ put_page(page);
+ goto pte_unmap;
+ }
+
+ pages[*nr] = page;
+ (*nr)++;
+
+ } while (ptep++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
+
+ ret = 1;
+
+pte_unmap:
+ pte_unmap(ptem);
+ return ret;
+}
+#else
+
+/*
+ * If we can't determine whether or not a pte is special, then fail immediately
+ * for ptes. Note, we can still pin HugeTLB and THP as these are guaranteed not
+ * to be special.
+ *
+ * For a futex to be placed on a THP tail page, get_futex_key requires a
+ * __get_user_pages_fast implementation that can pin pages. Thus it's still
+ * useful to have gup_huge_pmd even if we can't operate on ptes.
+ */
+static int gup_pte_range(pmd_t pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
+ int write, struct page **pages, int *nr)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SPECIAL */
+
+static int gup_huge_pmd(pmd_t orig, pmd_t *pmdp, unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long end, int write, struct page **pages, int *nr)
+{
+ struct page *head, *page, *tail;
+ int refs;
+
+ if (write && !pmd_write(orig))
+ return 0;
+
+ refs = 0;
+ head = pmd_page(orig);
+ page = head + ((addr & ~PMD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+ tail = page;
+ do {
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_head(page) != head, page);
+ pages[*nr] = page;
+ (*nr)++;
+ page++;
+ refs++;
+ } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
+
+ if (!page_cache_add_speculative(head, refs)) {
+ *nr -= refs;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (unlikely(pmd_val(orig) != pmd_val(*pmdp))) {
+ *nr -= refs;
+ while (refs--)
+ put_page(head);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Any tail pages need their mapcount reference taken before we
+ * return. (This allows the THP code to bump their ref count when
+ * they are split into base pages).
+ */
+ while (refs--) {
+ if (PageTail(tail))
+ get_huge_page_tail(tail);
+ tail++;
+ }
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static int gup_huge_pud(pud_t orig, pud_t *pudp, unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long end, int write, struct page **pages, int *nr)
+{
+ struct page *head, *page, *tail;
+ int refs;
+
+ if (write && !pud_write(orig))
+ return 0;
+
+ refs = 0;
+ head = pud_page(orig);
+ page = head + ((addr & ~PUD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+ tail = page;
+ do {
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_head(page) != head, page);
+ pages[*nr] = page;
+ (*nr)++;
+ page++;
+ refs++;
+ } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
+
+ if (!page_cache_add_speculative(head, refs)) {
+ *nr -= refs;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (unlikely(pud_val(orig) != pud_val(*pudp))) {
+ *nr -= refs;
+ while (refs--)
+ put_page(head);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ while (refs--) {
+ if (PageTail(tail))
+ get_huge_page_tail(tail);
+ tail++;
+ }
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static int gup_pmd_range(pud_t pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
+ int write, struct page **pages, int *nr)
+{
+ unsigned long next;
+ pmd_t *pmdp;
+
+ pmdp = pmd_offset(&pud, addr);
+ do {
+ pmd_t pmd = ACCESS_ONCE(*pmdp);
+
+ next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
+ if (pmd_none(pmd) || pmd_trans_splitting(pmd))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_huge(pmd) || pmd_huge(pmd))) {
+ /*
+ * NUMA hinting faults need to be handled in the GUP
+ * slowpath for accounting purposes and so that they
+ * can be serialised against THP migration.
+ */
+ if (pmd_numa(pmd))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (!gup_huge_pmd(pmd, pmdp, addr, next, write,
+ pages, nr))
+ return 0;
+
+ } else if (!gup_pte_range(pmd, addr, next, write, pages, nr))
+ return 0;
+ } while (pmdp++, addr = next, addr != end);
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static int gup_pud_range(pgd_t *pgdp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
+ int write, struct page **pages, int *nr)
+{
+ unsigned long next;
+ pud_t *pudp;
+
+ pudp = pud_offset(pgdp, addr);
+ do {
+ pud_t pud = ACCESS_ONCE(*pudp);
+
+ next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
+ if (pud_none(pud))
+ return 0;
+ if (pud_huge(pud)) {
+ if (!gup_huge_pud(pud, pudp, addr, next, write,
+ pages, nr))
+ return 0;
+ } else if (!gup_pmd_range(pud, addr, next, write, pages, nr))
+ return 0;
+ } while (pudp++, addr = next, addr != end);
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Like get_user_pages_fast() except its IRQ-safe in that it won't fall
+ * back to the regular GUP. It will only return non-negative values.
+ */
+int __get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, int write,
+ struct page **pages)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
+ unsigned long addr, len, end;
+ unsigned long next, flags;
+ pgd_t *pgdp;
+ int nr = 0;
+
+ start &= PAGE_MASK;
+ addr = start;
+ len = (unsigned long) nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ end = start + len;
+
+ if (unlikely(!access_ok(write ? VERIFY_WRITE : VERIFY_READ,
+ start, len)))
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * Disable interrupts, we use the nested form as we can already
+ * have interrupts disabled by get_futex_key.
+ *
+ * With interrupts disabled, we block page table pages from being
+ * freed from under us. See mmu_gather_tlb in asm-generic/tlb.h
+ * for more details.
+ *
+ * We do not adopt an rcu_read_lock(.) here as we also want to
+ * block IPIs that come from THPs splitting.
+ */
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ pgdp = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
+ do {
+ next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
+ if (pgd_none(*pgdp))
+ break;
+ else if (!gup_pud_range(pgdp, addr, next, write, pages, &nr))
+ break;
+ } while (pgdp++, addr = next, addr != end);
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ return nr;
+}
+
+/**
+ * get_user_pages_fast() - pin user pages in memory
+ * @start: starting user address
+ * @nr_pages: number of pages from start to pin
+ * @write: whether pages will be written to
+ * @pages: array that receives pointers to the pages pinned.
+ * Should be at least nr_pages long.
+ *
+ * Attempt to pin user pages in memory without taking mm->mmap_sem.
+ * If not successful, it will fall back to taking the lock and
+ * calling get_user_pages().
+ *
+ * Returns number of pages pinned. This may be fewer than the number
+ * requested. If nr_pages is 0 or negative, returns 0. If no pages
+ * were pinned, returns -errno.
+ */
+int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, int write,
+ struct page **pages)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
+ int nr, ret;
+
+ start &= PAGE_MASK;
+ nr = __get_user_pages_fast(start, nr_pages, write, pages);
+ ret = nr;
+
+ if (nr < nr_pages) {
+ /* Try to get the remaining pages with get_user_pages */
+ start += nr << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ pages += nr;
+
+ down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ ret = get_user_pages(current, mm, start,
+ nr_pages - nr, write, 0, pages, NULL);
+ up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+
+ /* Have to be a bit careful with return values */
+ if (nr > 0) {
+ if (ret < 0)
+ ret = nr;
+ else
+ ret += nr;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_GENERIC_RCU_GUP */