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authorDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>2008-11-14 10:39:23 +1100
committerJames Morris <jmorris@namei.org>2008-11-14 10:39:23 +1100
commitd84f4f992cbd76e8f39c488cf0c5d123843923b1 (patch)
treefc4a0349c42995715b93d0f7a3c78e9ea9b3f36e /security/commoncap.c
parent745ca2475a6ac596e3d8d37c2759c0fbe2586227 (diff)
downloadlinux-d84f4f992cbd76e8f39c488cf0c5d123843923b1.tar.gz
CRED: Inaugurate COW credentials
Inaugurate copy-on-write credentials management. This uses RCU to manage the credentials pointer in the task_struct with respect to accesses by other tasks. A process may only modify its own credentials, and so does not need locking to access or modify its own credentials. A mutex (cred_replace_mutex) is added to the task_struct to control the effect of PTRACE_ATTACHED on credential calculations, particularly with respect to execve(). With this patch, the contents of an active credentials struct may not be changed directly; rather a new set of credentials must be prepared, modified and committed using something like the following sequence of events: struct cred *new = prepare_creds(); int ret = blah(new); if (ret < 0) { abort_creds(new); return ret; } return commit_creds(new); There are some exceptions to this rule: the keyrings pointed to by the active credentials may be instantiated - keyrings violate the COW rule as managing COW keyrings is tricky, given that it is possible for a task to directly alter the keys in a keyring in use by another task. To help enforce this, various pointers to sets of credentials, such as those in the task_struct, are declared const. The purpose of this is compile-time discouragement of altering credentials through those pointers. Once a set of credentials has been made public through one of these pointers, it may not be modified, except under special circumstances: (1) Its reference count may incremented and decremented. (2) The keyrings to which it points may be modified, but not replaced. The only safe way to modify anything else is to create a replacement and commit using the functions described in Documentation/credentials.txt (which will be added by a later patch). This patch and the preceding patches have been tested with the LTP SELinux testsuite. This patch makes several logical sets of alteration: (1) execve(). This now prepares and commits credentials in various places in the security code rather than altering the current creds directly. (2) Temporary credential overrides. do_coredump() and sys_faccessat() now prepare their own credentials and temporarily override the ones currently on the acting thread, whilst preventing interference from other threads by holding cred_replace_mutex on the thread being dumped. This will be replaced in a future patch by something that hands down the credentials directly to the functions being called, rather than altering the task's objective credentials. (3) LSM interface. A number of functions have been changed, added or removed: (*) security_capset_check(), ->capset_check() (*) security_capset_set(), ->capset_set() Removed in favour of security_capset(). (*) security_capset(), ->capset() New. This is passed a pointer to the new creds, a pointer to the old creds and the proposed capability sets. It should fill in the new creds or return an error. All pointers, barring the pointer to the new creds, are now const. (*) security_bprm_apply_creds(), ->bprm_apply_creds() Changed; now returns a value, which will cause the process to be killed if it's an error. (*) security_task_alloc(), ->task_alloc_security() Removed in favour of security_prepare_creds(). (*) security_cred_free(), ->cred_free() New. Free security data attached to cred->security. (*) security_prepare_creds(), ->cred_prepare() New. Duplicate any security data attached to cred->security. (*) security_commit_creds(), ->cred_commit() New. Apply any security effects for the upcoming installation of new security by commit_creds(). (*) security_task_post_setuid(), ->task_post_setuid() Removed in favour of security_task_fix_setuid(). (*) security_task_fix_setuid(), ->task_fix_setuid() Fix up the proposed new credentials for setuid(). This is used by cap_set_fix_setuid() to implicitly adjust capabilities in line with setuid() changes. Changes are made to the new credentials, rather than the task itself as in security_task_post_setuid(). (*) security_task_reparent_to_init(), ->task_reparent_to_init() Removed. Instead the task being reparented to init is referred directly to init's credentials. NOTE! This results in the loss of some state: SELinux's osid no longer records the sid of the thread that forked it. (*) security_key_alloc(), ->key_alloc() (*) security_key_permission(), ->key_permission() Changed. These now take cred pointers rather than task pointers to refer to the security context. (4) sys_capset(). This has been simplified and uses less locking. The LSM functions it calls have been merged. (5) reparent_to_kthreadd(). This gives the current thread the same credentials as init by simply using commit_thread() to point that way. (6) __sigqueue_alloc() and switch_uid() __sigqueue_alloc() can't stop the target task from changing its creds beneath it, so this function gets a reference to the currently applicable user_struct which it then passes into the sigqueue struct it returns if successful. switch_uid() is now called from commit_creds(), and possibly should be folded into that. commit_creds() should take care of protecting __sigqueue_alloc(). (7) [sg]et[ug]id() and co and [sg]et_current_groups. The set functions now all use prepare_creds(), commit_creds() and abort_creds() to build and check a new set of credentials before applying it. security_task_set[ug]id() is called inside the prepared section. This guarantees that nothing else will affect the creds until we've finished. The calling of set_dumpable() has been moved into commit_creds(). Much of the functionality of set_user() has been moved into commit_creds(). The get functions all simply access the data directly. (8) security_task_prctl() and cap_task_prctl(). security_task_prctl() has been modified to return -ENOSYS if it doesn't want to handle a function, or otherwise return the return value directly rather than through an argument. Additionally, cap_task_prctl() now prepares a new set of credentials, even if it doesn't end up using it. (9) Keyrings. A number of changes have been made to the keyrings code: (a) switch_uid_keyring(), copy_keys(), exit_keys() and suid_keys() have all been dropped and built in to the credentials functions directly. They may want separating out again later. (b) key_alloc() and search_process_keyrings() now take a cred pointer rather than a task pointer to specify the security context. (c) copy_creds() gives a new thread within the same thread group a new thread keyring if its parent had one, otherwise it discards the thread keyring. (d) The authorisation key now points directly to the credentials to extend the search into rather pointing to the task that carries them. (e) Installing thread, process or session keyrings causes a new set of credentials to be created, even though it's not strictly necessary for process or session keyrings (they're shared). (10) Usermode helper. The usermode helper code now carries a cred struct pointer in its subprocess_info struct instead of a new session keyring pointer. This set of credentials is derived from init_cred and installed on the new process after it has been cloned. call_usermodehelper_setup() allocates the new credentials and call_usermodehelper_freeinfo() discards them if they haven't been used. A special cred function (prepare_usermodeinfo_creds()) is provided specifically for call_usermodehelper_setup() to call. call_usermodehelper_setkeys() adjusts the credentials to sport the supplied keyring as the new session keyring. (11) SELinux. SELinux has a number of changes, in addition to those to support the LSM interface changes mentioned above: (a) selinux_setprocattr() no longer does its check for whether the current ptracer can access processes with the new SID inside the lock that covers getting the ptracer's SID. Whilst this lock ensures that the check is done with the ptracer pinned, the result is only valid until the lock is released, so there's no point doing it inside the lock. (12) is_single_threaded(). This function has been extracted from selinux_setprocattr() and put into a file of its own in the lib/ directory as join_session_keyring() now wants to use it too. The code in SELinux just checked to see whether a task shared mm_structs with other tasks (CLONE_VM), but that isn't good enough. We really want to know if they're part of the same thread group (CLONE_THREAD). (13) nfsd. The NFS server daemon now has to use the COW credentials to set the credentials it is going to use. It really needs to pass the credentials down to the functions it calls, but it can't do that until other patches in this series have been applied. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'security/commoncap.c')
-rw-r--r--security/commoncap.c265
1 files changed, 125 insertions, 140 deletions
diff --git a/security/commoncap.c b/security/commoncap.c
index 0384bf95db6..b5419273f92 100644
--- a/security/commoncap.c
+++ b/security/commoncap.c
@@ -72,8 +72,8 @@ int cap_ptrace_may_access(struct task_struct *child, unsigned int mode)
int ret = 0;
rcu_read_lock();
- if (!cap_issubset(child->cred->cap_permitted,
- current->cred->cap_permitted) &&
+ if (!cap_issubset(__task_cred(child)->cap_permitted,
+ current_cred()->cap_permitted) &&
!capable(CAP_SYS_PTRACE))
ret = -EPERM;
rcu_read_unlock();
@@ -85,8 +85,8 @@ int cap_ptrace_traceme(struct task_struct *parent)
int ret = 0;
rcu_read_lock();
- if (!cap_issubset(current->cred->cap_permitted,
- parent->cred->cap_permitted) &&
+ if (!cap_issubset(current_cred()->cap_permitted,
+ __task_cred(parent)->cap_permitted) &&
!has_capability(parent, CAP_SYS_PTRACE))
ret = -EPERM;
rcu_read_unlock();
@@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ static inline int cap_inh_is_capped(void)
* to the old permitted set. That is, if the current task
* does *not* possess the CAP_SETPCAP capability.
*/
- return (cap_capable(current, CAP_SETPCAP, SECURITY_CAP_AUDIT) != 0);
+ return cap_capable(current, CAP_SETPCAP, SECURITY_CAP_AUDIT) != 0;
}
static inline int cap_limit_ptraced_target(void) { return 1; }
@@ -132,52 +132,39 @@ static inline int cap_limit_ptraced_target(void)
#endif /* def CONFIG_SECURITY_FILE_CAPABILITIES */
-int cap_capset_check(const kernel_cap_t *effective,
- const kernel_cap_t *inheritable,
- const kernel_cap_t *permitted)
+int cap_capset(struct cred *new,
+ const struct cred *old,
+ const kernel_cap_t *effective,
+ const kernel_cap_t *inheritable,
+ const kernel_cap_t *permitted)
{
- const struct cred *cred = current->cred;
-
- if (cap_inh_is_capped()
- && !cap_issubset(*inheritable,
- cap_combine(cred->cap_inheritable,
- cred->cap_permitted))) {
+ if (cap_inh_is_capped() &&
+ !cap_issubset(*inheritable,
+ cap_combine(old->cap_inheritable,
+ old->cap_permitted)))
/* incapable of using this inheritable set */
return -EPERM;
- }
+
if (!cap_issubset(*inheritable,
- cap_combine(cred->cap_inheritable,
- cred->cap_bset))) {
+ cap_combine(old->cap_inheritable,
+ old->cap_bset)))
/* no new pI capabilities outside bounding set */
return -EPERM;
- }
/* verify restrictions on target's new Permitted set */
- if (!cap_issubset (*permitted,
- cap_combine (cred->cap_permitted,
- cred->cap_permitted))) {
+ if (!cap_issubset(*permitted, old->cap_permitted))
return -EPERM;
- }
/* verify the _new_Effective_ is a subset of the _new_Permitted_ */
- if (!cap_issubset (*effective, *permitted)) {
+ if (!cap_issubset(*effective, *permitted))
return -EPERM;
- }
+ new->cap_effective = *effective;
+ new->cap_inheritable = *inheritable;
+ new->cap_permitted = *permitted;
return 0;
}
-void cap_capset_set(const kernel_cap_t *effective,
- const kernel_cap_t *inheritable,
- const kernel_cap_t *permitted)
-{
- struct cred *cred = current->cred;
-
- cred->cap_effective = *effective;
- cred->cap_inheritable = *inheritable;
- cred->cap_permitted = *permitted;
-}
-
static inline void bprm_clear_caps(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
{
cap_clear(bprm->cap_post_exec_permitted);
@@ -382,41 +369,46 @@ int cap_bprm_set_security (struct linux_binprm *bprm)
return ret;
}
-void cap_bprm_apply_creds (struct linux_binprm *bprm, int unsafe)
+int cap_bprm_apply_creds (struct linux_binprm *bprm, int unsafe)
{
- struct cred *cred = current->cred;
+ const struct cred *old = current_cred();
+ struct cred *new;
+
+ new = prepare_creds();
+ if (!new)
+ return -ENOMEM;
- if (bprm->e_uid != cred->uid || bprm->e_gid != cred->gid ||
+ if (bprm->e_uid != old->uid || bprm->e_gid != old->gid ||
!cap_issubset(bprm->cap_post_exec_permitted,
- cred->cap_permitted)) {
+ old->cap_permitted)) {
set_dumpable(current->mm, suid_dumpable);
current->pdeath_signal = 0;
if (unsafe & ~LSM_UNSAFE_PTRACE_CAP) {
if (!capable(CAP_SETUID)) {
- bprm->e_uid = cred->uid;
- bprm->e_gid = cred->gid;
+ bprm->e_uid = old->uid;
+ bprm->e_gid = old->gid;
}
if (cap_limit_ptraced_target()) {
bprm->cap_post_exec_permitted = cap_intersect(
bprm->cap_post_exec_permitted,
- cred->cap_permitted);
+ new->cap_permitted);
}
}
}
- cred->suid = cred->euid = cred->fsuid = bprm->e_uid;
- cred->sgid = cred->egid = cred->fsgid = bprm->e_gid;
+ new->suid = new->euid = new->fsuid = bprm->e_uid;
+ new->sgid = new->egid = new->fsgid = bprm->e_gid;
/* For init, we want to retain the capabilities set
* in the init_task struct. Thus we skip the usual
* capability rules */
if (!is_global_init(current)) {
- cred->cap_permitted = bprm->cap_post_exec_permitted;
+ new->cap_permitted = bprm->cap_post_exec_permitted;
if (bprm->cap_effective)
- cred->cap_effective = bprm->cap_post_exec_permitted;
+ new->cap_effective = bprm->cap_post_exec_permitted;
else
- cap_clear(cred->cap_effective);
+ cap_clear(new->cap_effective);
}
/*
@@ -431,15 +423,15 @@ void cap_bprm_apply_creds (struct linux_binprm *bprm, int unsafe)
* Number 1 above might fail if you don't have a full bset, but I think
* that is interesting information to audit.
*/
- if (!cap_isclear(cred->cap_effective)) {
- if (!cap_issubset(CAP_FULL_SET, cred->cap_effective) ||
- (bprm->e_uid != 0) || (cred->uid != 0) ||
+ if (!cap_isclear(new->cap_effective)) {
+ if (!cap_issubset(CAP_FULL_SET, new->cap_effective) ||
+ bprm->e_uid != 0 || new->uid != 0 ||
issecure(SECURE_NOROOT))
- audit_log_bprm_fcaps(bprm, &cred->cap_permitted,
- &cred->cap_effective);
+ audit_log_bprm_fcaps(bprm, new, old);
}
- cred->securebits &= ~issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS);
+ new->securebits &= ~issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS);
+ return commit_creds(new);
}
int cap_bprm_secureexec (struct linux_binprm *bprm)
@@ -514,65 +506,49 @@ int cap_inode_removexattr(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name)
* files..
* Thanks to Olaf Kirch and Peter Benie for spotting this.
*/
-static inline void cap_emulate_setxuid (int old_ruid, int old_euid,
- int old_suid)
+static inline void cap_emulate_setxuid(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old)
{
- struct cred *cred = current->cred;
-
- if ((old_ruid == 0 || old_euid == 0 || old_suid == 0) &&
- (cred->uid != 0 && cred->euid != 0 && cred->suid != 0) &&
+ if ((old->uid == 0 || old->euid == 0 || old->suid == 0) &&
+ (new->uid != 0 && new->euid != 0 && new->suid != 0) &&
!issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS)) {
- cap_clear(cred->cap_permitted);
- cap_clear(cred->cap_effective);
- }
- if (old_euid == 0 && cred->euid != 0) {
- cap_clear(cred->cap_effective);
- }
- if (old_euid != 0 && cred->euid == 0) {
- cred->cap_effective = cred->cap_permitted;
+ cap_clear(new->cap_permitted);
+ cap_clear(new->cap_effective);
}
+ if (old->euid == 0 && new->euid != 0)
+ cap_clear(new->cap_effective);
+ if (old->euid != 0 && new->euid == 0)
+ new->cap_effective = new->cap_permitted;
}
-int cap_task_post_setuid (uid_t old_ruid, uid_t old_euid, uid_t old_suid,
- int flags)
+int cap_task_fix_setuid(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old, int flags)
{
- struct cred *cred = current->cred;
-
switch (flags) {
case LSM_SETID_RE:
case LSM_SETID_ID:
case LSM_SETID_RES:
/* Copied from kernel/sys.c:setreuid/setuid/setresuid. */
- if (!issecure (SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP)) {
- cap_emulate_setxuid (old_ruid, old_euid, old_suid);
- }
+ if (!issecure(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP))
+ cap_emulate_setxuid(new, old);
break;
case LSM_SETID_FS:
- {
- uid_t old_fsuid = old_ruid;
-
- /* Copied from kernel/sys.c:setfsuid. */
+ /* Copied from kernel/sys.c:setfsuid. */
- /*
- * FIXME - is fsuser used for all CAP_FS_MASK capabilities?
- * if not, we might be a bit too harsh here.
- */
-
- if (!issecure (SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP)) {
- if (old_fsuid == 0 && cred->fsuid != 0) {
- cred->cap_effective =
- cap_drop_fs_set(
- cred->cap_effective);
- }
- if (old_fsuid != 0 && cred->fsuid == 0) {
- cred->cap_effective =
- cap_raise_fs_set(
- cred->cap_effective,
- cred->cap_permitted);
- }
+ /*
+ * FIXME - is fsuser used for all CAP_FS_MASK capabilities?
+ * if not, we might be a bit too harsh here.
+ */
+ if (!issecure(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP)) {
+ if (old->fsuid == 0 && new->fsuid != 0) {
+ new->cap_effective =
+ cap_drop_fs_set(new->cap_effective);
+ }
+ if (old->fsuid != 0 && new->fsuid == 0) {
+ new->cap_effective =
+ cap_raise_fs_set(new->cap_effective,
+ new->cap_permitted);
}
- break;
}
+ break;
default:
return -EINVAL;
}
@@ -628,13 +604,14 @@ int cap_task_setnice (struct task_struct *p, int nice)
* this task could get inconsistent info. There can be no
* racing writer bc a task can only change its own caps.
*/
-static long cap_prctl_drop(unsigned long cap)
+static long cap_prctl_drop(struct cred *new, unsigned long cap)
{
if (!capable(CAP_SETPCAP))
return -EPERM;
if (!cap_valid(cap))
return -EINVAL;
- cap_lower(current->cred->cap_bset, cap);
+
+ cap_lower(new->cap_bset, cap);
return 0;
}
@@ -655,22 +632,29 @@ int cap_task_setnice (struct task_struct *p, int nice)
#endif
int cap_task_prctl(int option, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3,
- unsigned long arg4, unsigned long arg5, long *rc_p)
+ unsigned long arg4, unsigned long arg5)
{
- struct cred *cred = current_cred();
+ struct cred *new;
long error = 0;
+ new = prepare_creds();
+ if (!new)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
switch (option) {
case PR_CAPBSET_READ:
+ error = -EINVAL;
if (!cap_valid(arg2))
- error = -EINVAL;
- else
- error = !!cap_raised(cred->cap_bset, arg2);
- break;
+ goto error;
+ error = !!cap_raised(new->cap_bset, arg2);
+ goto no_change;
+
#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_FILE_CAPABILITIES
case PR_CAPBSET_DROP:
- error = cap_prctl_drop(arg2);
- break;
+ error = cap_prctl_drop(new, arg2);
+ if (error < 0)
+ goto error;
+ goto changed;
/*
* The next four prctl's remain to assist with transitioning a
@@ -692,12 +676,12 @@ int cap_task_prctl(int option, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3,
* capability-based-privilege environment.
*/
case PR_SET_SECUREBITS:
- if ((((cred->securebits & SECURE_ALL_LOCKS) >> 1)
- & (cred->securebits ^ arg2)) /*[1]*/
- || ((cred->securebits & SECURE_ALL_LOCKS
- & ~arg2)) /*[2]*/
- || (arg2 & ~(SECURE_ALL_LOCKS | SECURE_ALL_BITS)) /*[3]*/
- || (cap_capable(current, CAP_SETPCAP, SECURITY_CAP_AUDIT) != 0)) { /*[4]*/
+ error = -EPERM;
+ if ((((new->securebits & SECURE_ALL_LOCKS) >> 1)
+ & (new->securebits ^ arg2)) /*[1]*/
+ || ((new->securebits & SECURE_ALL_LOCKS & ~arg2)) /*[2]*/
+ || (arg2 & ~(SECURE_ALL_LOCKS | SECURE_ALL_BITS)) /*[3]*/
+ || (cap_capable(current, CAP_SETPCAP, SECURITY_CAP_AUDIT) != 0) /*[4]*/
/*
* [1] no changing of bits that are locked
* [2] no unlocking of locks
@@ -705,50 +689,51 @@ int cap_task_prctl(int option, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3,
* [4] doing anything requires privilege (go read about
* the "sendmail capabilities bug")
*/
- error = -EPERM; /* cannot change a locked bit */
- } else {
- cred->securebits = arg2;
- }
- break;
+ )
+ /* cannot change a locked bit */
+ goto error;
+ new->securebits = arg2;
+ goto changed;
+
case PR_GET_SECUREBITS:
- error = cred->securebits;
- break;
+ error = new->securebits;
+ goto no_change;
#endif /* def CONFIG_SECURITY_FILE_CAPABILITIES */
case PR_GET_KEEPCAPS:
if (issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS))
error = 1;
- break;
+ goto no_change;
+
case PR_SET_KEEPCAPS:
+ error = -EINVAL;
if (arg2 > 1) /* Note, we rely on arg2 being unsigned here */
- error = -EINVAL;
- else if (issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS_LOCKED))
- error = -EPERM;
- else if (arg2)
- cred->securebits |= issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS);
+ goto error;
+ error = -EPERM;
+ if (issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS_LOCKED))
+ goto error;
+ if (arg2)
+ new->securebits |= issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS);
else
- cred->securebits &= ~issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS);
- break;
+ new->securebits &= ~issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS);
+ goto changed;
default:
/* No functionality available - continue with default */
- return 0;
+ error = -ENOSYS;
+ goto error;
}
/* Functionality provided */
- *rc_p = error;
- return 1;
-}
-
-void cap_task_reparent_to_init (struct task_struct *p)
-{
- struct cred *cred = p->cred;
-
- cap_set_init_eff(cred->cap_effective);
- cap_clear(cred->cap_inheritable);
- cap_set_full(cred->cap_permitted);
- p->cred->securebits = SECUREBITS_DEFAULT;
+changed:
+ return commit_creds(new);
+
+no_change:
+ error = 0;
+error:
+ abort_creds(new);
+ return error;
}
int cap_syslog (int type)