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authorJohannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>2014-01-29 14:05:39 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2014-01-29 16:22:39 -0800
commita804552b9a15c931cfc2a92a2e0aed1add8b580a (patch)
tree33a820daefed39d2e8163a0298e78076ab7d0647 /mm
parent8582cb96b0bfd6891766d8c30d759bf21aad3b4d (diff)
downloadlinux-a804552b9a15c931cfc2a92a2e0aed1add8b580a.tar.gz
mm/page-writeback.c: fix dirty_balance_reserve subtraction from dirtyable memory
Tejun reported stuttering and latency spikes on a system where random tasks would enter direct reclaim and get stuck on dirty pages. Around 50% of memory was occupied by tmpfs backed by an SSD, and another disk (rotating) was reading and writing at max speed to shrink a partition. : The problem was pretty ridiculous. It's a 8gig machine w/ one ssd and 10k : rpm harddrive and I could reliably reproduce constant stuttering every : several seconds for as long as buffered IO was going on on the hard drive : either with tmpfs occupying somewhere above 4gig or a test program which : allocates about the same amount of anon memory. Although swap usage was : zero, turning off swap also made the problem go away too. : : The trigger conditions seem quite plausible - high anon memory usage w/ : heavy buffered IO and swap configured - and it's highly likely that this : is happening in the wild too. (this can happen with copying large files : to usb sticks too, right?) This patch (of 2): The dirty_balance_reserve is an approximation of the fraction of free pages that the page allocator does not make available for page cache allocations. As a result, it has to be taken into account when calculating the amount of "dirtyable memory", the baseline to which dirty_background_ratio and dirty_ratio are applied. However, currently the reserve is subtracted from the sum of free and reclaimable pages, which is non-sensical and leads to erroneous results when the system is dominated by unreclaimable pages and the dirty_balance_reserve is bigger than free+reclaimable. In that case, at least the already allocated cache should be considered dirtyable. Fix the calculation by subtracting the reserve from the amount of free pages, then adding the reclaimable pages on top. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix CONFIG_HIGHMEM build] Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Reported-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Tested-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm')
-rw-r--r--mm/page-writeback.c55
1 files changed, 24 insertions, 31 deletions
diff --git a/mm/page-writeback.c b/mm/page-writeback.c
index 63807583d8e..61119b8a11e 100644
--- a/mm/page-writeback.c
+++ b/mm/page-writeback.c
@@ -191,6 +191,25 @@ static unsigned long writeout_period_time = 0;
* global dirtyable memory first.
*/
+/**
+ * zone_dirtyable_memory - number of dirtyable pages in a zone
+ * @zone: the zone
+ *
+ * Returns the zone's number of pages potentially available for dirty
+ * page cache. This is the base value for the per-zone dirty limits.
+ */
+static unsigned long zone_dirtyable_memory(struct zone *zone)
+{
+ unsigned long nr_pages;
+
+ nr_pages = zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES);
+ nr_pages -= min(nr_pages, zone->dirty_balance_reserve);
+
+ nr_pages += zone_reclaimable_pages(zone);
+
+ return nr_pages;
+}
+
static unsigned long highmem_dirtyable_memory(unsigned long total)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
@@ -198,11 +217,9 @@ static unsigned long highmem_dirtyable_memory(unsigned long total)
unsigned long x = 0;
for_each_node_state(node, N_HIGH_MEMORY) {
- struct zone *z =
- &NODE_DATA(node)->node_zones[ZONE_HIGHMEM];
+ struct zone *z = &NODE_DATA(node)->node_zones[ZONE_HIGHMEM];
- x += zone_page_state(z, NR_FREE_PAGES) +
- zone_reclaimable_pages(z) - z->dirty_balance_reserve;
+ x += zone_dirtyable_memory(z);
}
/*
* Unreclaimable memory (kernel memory or anonymous memory
@@ -238,9 +255,11 @@ static unsigned long global_dirtyable_memory(void)
{
unsigned long x;
- x = global_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES) + global_reclaimable_pages();
+ x = global_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES);
x -= min(x, dirty_balance_reserve);
+ x += global_reclaimable_pages();
+
if (!vm_highmem_is_dirtyable)
x -= highmem_dirtyable_memory(x);
@@ -289,32 +308,6 @@ void global_dirty_limits(unsigned long *pbackground, unsigned long *pdirty)
}
/**
- * zone_dirtyable_memory - number of dirtyable pages in a zone
- * @zone: the zone
- *
- * Returns the zone's number of pages potentially available for dirty
- * page cache. This is the base value for the per-zone dirty limits.
- */
-static unsigned long zone_dirtyable_memory(struct zone *zone)
-{
- /*
- * The effective global number of dirtyable pages may exclude
- * highmem as a big-picture measure to keep the ratio between
- * dirty memory and lowmem reasonable.
- *
- * But this function is purely about the individual zone and a
- * highmem zone can hold its share of dirty pages, so we don't
- * care about vm_highmem_is_dirtyable here.
- */
- unsigned long nr_pages = zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES) +
- zone_reclaimable_pages(zone);
-
- /* don't allow this to underflow */
- nr_pages -= min(nr_pages, zone->dirty_balance_reserve);
- return nr_pages;
-}
-
-/**
* zone_dirty_limit - maximum number of dirty pages allowed in a zone
* @zone: the zone
*