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authorMel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>2012-08-21 16:16:17 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-08-21 16:45:03 -0700
commitc67fe3752abe6ab47639e2f9b836900c3dc3da84 (patch)
treec66f8f1c7a26c0277875e90107d9315f69ec2adf /mm/compaction.c
parentde74f1cc3b1e9730d9b58580cd11361d30cd182d (diff)
downloadlinux-c67fe3752abe6ab47639e2f9b836900c3dc3da84.tar.gz
mm: compaction: Abort async compaction if locks are contended or taking too long
Jim Schutt reported a problem that pointed at compaction contending heavily on locks. The workload is straight-forward and in his own words; The systems in question have 24 SAS drives spread across 3 HBAs, running 24 Ceph OSD instances, one per drive. FWIW these servers are dual-socket Intel 5675 Xeons w/48 GB memory. I've got ~160 Ceph Linux clients doing dd simultaneously to a Ceph file system backed by 12 of these servers. Early in the test everything looks fine procs -------------------memory------------------ ---swap-- -----io---- --system-- -----cpu------- r b swpd free buff cache si so bi bo in cs us sy id wa st 31 15 0 287216 576 38606628 0 0 2 1158 2 14 1 3 95 0 0 27 15 0 225288 576 38583384 0 0 18 2222016 203357 134876 11 56 17 15 0 28 17 0 219256 576 38544736 0 0 11 2305932 203141 146296 11 49 23 17 0 6 18 0 215596 576 38552872 0 0 7 2363207 215264 166502 12 45 22 20 0 22 18 0 226984 576 38596404 0 0 3 2445741 223114 179527 12 43 23 22 0 and then it goes to pot procs -------------------memory------------------ ---swap-- -----io---- --system-- -----cpu------- r b swpd free buff cache si so bi bo in cs us sy id wa st 163 8 0 464308 576 36791368 0 0 11 22210 866 536 3 13 79 4 0 207 14 0 917752 576 36181928 0 0 712 1345376 134598 47367 7 90 1 2 0 123 12 0 685516 576 36296148 0 0 429 1386615 158494 60077 8 84 5 3 0 123 12 0 598572 576 36333728 0 0 1107 1233281 147542 62351 7 84 5 4 0 622 7 0 660768 576 36118264 0 0 557 1345548 151394 59353 7 85 4 3 0 223 11 0 283960 576 36463868 0 0 46 1107160 121846 33006 6 93 1 1 0 Note that system CPU usage is very high blocks being written out has dropped by 42%. He analysed this with perf and found perf record -g -a sleep 10 perf report --sort symbol --call-graph fractal,5 34.63% [k] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave | |--97.30%-- isolate_freepages | compaction_alloc | unmap_and_move | migrate_pages | compact_zone | compact_zone_order | try_to_compact_pages | __alloc_pages_direct_compact | __alloc_pages_slowpath | __alloc_pages_nodemask | alloc_pages_vma | do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page | handle_mm_fault | do_page_fault | page_fault | | | |--87.39%-- skb_copy_datagram_iovec | | tcp_recvmsg | | inet_recvmsg | | sock_recvmsg | | sys_recvfrom | | system_call | | __recv | | | | | --100.00%-- (nil) | | | --12.61%-- memcpy --2.70%-- [...] There was other data but primarily it is all showing that compaction is contended heavily on the zone->lock and zone->lru_lock. commit [b2eef8c0: mm: compaction: minimise the time IRQs are disabled while isolating pages for migration] noted that it was possible for migration to hold the lru_lock for an excessive amount of time. Very broadly speaking this patch expands the concept. This patch introduces compact_checklock_irqsave() to check if a lock is contended or the process needs to be scheduled. If either condition is true then async compaction is aborted and the caller is informed. The page allocator will fail a THP allocation if compaction failed due to contention. This patch also introduces compact_trylock_irqsave() which will acquire the lock only if it is not contended and the process does not need to schedule. Reported-by: Jim Schutt <jaschut@sandia.gov> Tested-by: Jim Schutt <jaschut@sandia.gov> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm/compaction.c')
-rw-r--r--mm/compaction.c100
1 files changed, 79 insertions, 21 deletions
diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
index bcce7897e17..7fcd3a52e68 100644
--- a/mm/compaction.c
+++ b/mm/compaction.c
@@ -51,6 +51,47 @@ static inline bool migrate_async_suitable(int migratetype)
}
/*
+ * Compaction requires the taking of some coarse locks that are potentially
+ * very heavily contended. Check if the process needs to be scheduled or
+ * if the lock is contended. For async compaction, back out in the event
+ * if contention is severe. For sync compaction, schedule.
+ *
+ * Returns true if the lock is held.
+ * Returns false if the lock is released and compaction should abort
+ */
+static bool compact_checklock_irqsave(spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags,
+ bool locked, struct compact_control *cc)
+{
+ if (need_resched() || spin_is_contended(lock)) {
+ if (locked) {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, *flags);
+ locked = false;
+ }
+
+ /* async aborts if taking too long or contended */
+ if (!cc->sync) {
+ if (cc->contended)
+ *cc->contended = true;
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ cond_resched();
+ if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ if (!locked)
+ spin_lock_irqsave(lock, *flags);
+ return true;
+}
+
+static inline bool compact_trylock_irqsave(spinlock_t *lock,
+ unsigned long *flags, struct compact_control *cc)
+{
+ return compact_checklock_irqsave(lock, flags, false, cc);
+}
+
+/*
* Isolate free pages onto a private freelist. Caller must hold zone->lock.
* If @strict is true, will abort returning 0 on any invalid PFNs or non-free
* pages inside of the pageblock (even though it may still end up isolating
@@ -173,7 +214,7 @@ isolate_freepages_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn)
}
/* Update the number of anon and file isolated pages in the zone */
-static void acct_isolated(struct zone *zone, struct compact_control *cc)
+static void acct_isolated(struct zone *zone, bool locked, struct compact_control *cc)
{
struct page *page;
unsigned int count[2] = { 0, };
@@ -181,8 +222,14 @@ static void acct_isolated(struct zone *zone, struct compact_control *cc)
list_for_each_entry(page, &cc->migratepages, lru)
count[!!page_is_file_cache(page)]++;
- __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_ANON, count[0]);
- __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_FILE, count[1]);
+ /* If locked we can use the interrupt unsafe versions */
+ if (locked) {
+ __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_ANON, count[0]);
+ __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_FILE, count[1]);
+ } else {
+ mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_ANON, count[0]);
+ mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_FILE, count[1]);
+ }
}
/* Similar to reclaim, but different enough that they don't share logic */
@@ -228,6 +275,8 @@ isolate_migratepages_range(struct zone *zone, struct compact_control *cc,
struct list_head *migratelist = &cc->migratepages;
isolate_mode_t mode = 0;
struct lruvec *lruvec;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ bool locked;
/*
* Ensure that there are not too many pages isolated from the LRU
@@ -247,25 +296,22 @@ isolate_migratepages_range(struct zone *zone, struct compact_control *cc,
/* Time to isolate some pages for migration */
cond_resched();
- spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&zone->lru_lock, flags);
+ locked = true;
for (; low_pfn < end_pfn; low_pfn++) {
struct page *page;
- bool locked = true;
/* give a chance to irqs before checking need_resched() */
if (!((low_pfn+1) % SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX)) {
- spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lru_lock, flags);
locked = false;
}
- if (need_resched() || spin_is_contended(&zone->lru_lock)) {
- if (locked)
- spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
- cond_resched();
- spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
- if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
- break;
- } else if (!locked)
- spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
+
+ /* Check if it is ok to still hold the lock */
+ locked = compact_checklock_irqsave(&zone->lru_lock, &flags,
+ locked, cc);
+ if (!locked)
+ break;
/*
* migrate_pfn does not necessarily start aligned to a
@@ -349,9 +395,10 @@ isolate_migratepages_range(struct zone *zone, struct compact_control *cc,
}
}
- acct_isolated(zone, cc);
+ acct_isolated(zone, locked, cc);
- spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
+ if (locked)
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lru_lock, flags);
trace_mm_compaction_isolate_migratepages(nr_scanned, nr_isolated);
@@ -461,7 +508,16 @@ static void isolate_freepages(struct zone *zone,
* are disabled
*/
isolated = 0;
- spin_lock_irqsave(&zone->lock, flags);
+
+ /*
+ * The zone lock must be held to isolate freepages. This
+ * unfortunately this is a very coarse lock and can be
+ * heavily contended if there are parallel allocations
+ * or parallel compactions. For async compaction do not
+ * spin on the lock
+ */
+ if (!compact_trylock_irqsave(&zone->lock, &flags, cc))
+ break;
if (suitable_migration_target(page)) {
end_pfn = min(pfn + pageblock_nr_pages, zone_end_pfn);
isolated = isolate_freepages_block(pfn, end_pfn,
@@ -773,7 +829,7 @@ out:
static unsigned long compact_zone_order(struct zone *zone,
int order, gfp_t gfp_mask,
- bool sync)
+ bool sync, bool *contended)
{
struct compact_control cc = {
.nr_freepages = 0,
@@ -782,6 +838,7 @@ static unsigned long compact_zone_order(struct zone *zone,
.migratetype = allocflags_to_migratetype(gfp_mask),
.zone = zone,
.sync = sync,
+ .contended = contended,
};
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cc.freepages);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cc.migratepages);
@@ -803,7 +860,7 @@ int sysctl_extfrag_threshold = 500;
*/
unsigned long try_to_compact_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist,
int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *nodemask,
- bool sync)
+ bool sync, bool *contended)
{
enum zone_type high_zoneidx = gfp_zone(gfp_mask);
int may_enter_fs = gfp_mask & __GFP_FS;
@@ -827,7 +884,8 @@ unsigned long try_to_compact_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist,
nodemask) {
int status;
- status = compact_zone_order(zone, order, gfp_mask, sync);
+ status = compact_zone_order(zone, order, gfp_mask, sync,
+ contended);
rc = max(status, rc);
/* If a normal allocation would succeed, stop compacting */