path: root/mm/compaction.c
diff options
authorMel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>2012-10-08 16:32:47 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-10-09 16:22:51 +0900
commit62997027ca5b3d4618198ed8b1aba40b61b1137b (patch)
treecf26352e091ae10f7201d98ca774a8c0e5f8cdfd /mm/compaction.c
parentc89511ab2f8fe2b47585e60da8af7fd213ec877e (diff)
mm: compaction: clear PG_migrate_skip based on compaction and reclaim activity
Compaction caches if a pageblock was scanned and no pages were isolated so that the pageblocks can be skipped in the future to reduce scanning. This information is not cleared by the page allocator based on activity due to the impact it would have to the page allocator fast paths. Hence there is a requirement that something clear the cache or pageblocks will be skipped forever. Currently the cache is cleared if there were a number of recent allocation failures and it has not been cleared within the last 5 seconds. Time-based decisions like this are terrible as they have no relationship to VM activity and is basically a big hammer. Unfortunately, accurate heuristics would add cost to some hot paths so this patch implements a rough heuristic. There are two cases where the cache is cleared. 1. If a !kswapd process completes a compaction cycle (migrate and free scanner meet), the zone is marked compact_blockskip_flush. When kswapd goes to sleep, it will clear the cache. This is expected to be the common case where the cache is cleared. It does not really matter if kswapd happens to be asleep or going to sleep when the flag is set as it will be woken on the next allocation request. 2. If there have been multiple failures recently and compaction just finished being deferred then a process will clear the cache and start a full scan. This situation happens if there are multiple high-order allocation requests under heavy memory pressure. The clearing of the PG_migrate_skip bits and other scans is inherently racy but the race is harmless. For allocations that can fail such as THP, they will simply fail. For requests that cannot fail, they will retry the allocation. Tests indicated that scanning rates were roughly similar to when the time-based heuristic was used and the allocation success rates were similar. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Richard Davies <richard@arachsys.com> Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@kernel.org> Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com> Cc: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm/compaction.c')
1 files changed, 34 insertions, 16 deletions
diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
index f94cbc0b99a..d8187f9cabb 100644
--- a/mm/compaction.c
+++ b/mm/compaction.c
@@ -66,24 +66,15 @@ static inline bool isolation_suitable(struct compact_control *cc,
* should be skipped for page isolation when the migrate and free page scanner
* meet.
-static void reset_isolation_suitable(struct zone *zone)
+static void __reset_isolation_suitable(struct zone *zone)
unsigned long start_pfn = zone->zone_start_pfn;
unsigned long end_pfn = zone->zone_start_pfn + zone->spanned_pages;
unsigned long pfn;
- /*
- * Do not reset more than once every five seconds. If allocations are
- * failing sufficiently quickly to allow this to happen then continually
- * scanning for compaction is not going to help. The choice of five
- * seconds is arbitrary but will mitigate excessive scanning.
- */
- if (time_before(jiffies, zone->compact_blockskip_expire))
- return;
zone->compact_cached_migrate_pfn = start_pfn;
zone->compact_cached_free_pfn = end_pfn;
- zone->compact_blockskip_expire = jiffies + (HZ * 5);
+ zone->compact_blockskip_flush = false;
/* Walk the zone and mark every pageblock as suitable for isolation */
for (pfn = start_pfn; pfn < end_pfn; pfn += pageblock_nr_pages) {
@@ -102,9 +93,24 @@ static void reset_isolation_suitable(struct zone *zone)
+void reset_isolation_suitable(pg_data_t *pgdat)
+ int zoneid;
+ for (zoneid = 0; zoneid < MAX_NR_ZONES; zoneid++) {
+ struct zone *zone = &pgdat->node_zones[zoneid];
+ if (!populated_zone(zone))
+ continue;
+ /* Only flush if a full compaction finished recently */
+ if (zone->compact_blockskip_flush)
+ __reset_isolation_suitable(zone);
+ }
* If no pages were isolated then mark this pageblock to be skipped in the
- * future. The information is later cleared by reset_isolation_suitable().
+ * future. The information is later cleared by __reset_isolation_suitable().
static void update_pageblock_skip(struct compact_control *cc,
struct page *page, unsigned long nr_isolated,
@@ -820,7 +826,15 @@ static int compact_finished(struct zone *zone,
/* Compaction run completes if the migrate and free scanner meet */
if (cc->free_pfn <= cc->migrate_pfn) {
- reset_isolation_suitable(cc->zone);
+ /*
+ * Mark that the PG_migrate_skip information should be cleared
+ * by kswapd when it goes to sleep. kswapd does not set the
+ * flag itself as the decision to be clear should be directly
+ * based on an allocation request.
+ */
+ if (!current_is_kswapd())
+ zone->compact_blockskip_flush = true;
@@ -943,9 +957,13 @@ static int compact_zone(struct zone *zone, struct compact_control *cc)
zone->compact_cached_migrate_pfn = cc->migrate_pfn;
- /* Clear pageblock skip if there are numerous alloc failures */
- if (zone->compact_defer_shift == COMPACT_MAX_DEFER_SHIFT)
- reset_isolation_suitable(zone);
+ /*
+ * Clear pageblock skip if there were failures recently and compaction
+ * is about to be retried after being deferred. kswapd does not do
+ * this reset as it'll reset the cached information when going to sleep.
+ */
+ if (compaction_restarting(zone, cc->order) && !current_is_kswapd())
+ __reset_isolation_suitable(zone);